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ASK FORI 
NAME 

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THE GIFT OF 



HIGH. 



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26 EUROPEAN COURT DIPLOMAS 
67 GOLD etc. MEDALS 



AS 



Gebr.Stollwerok A-O. Stallwerck Bro§. Stolliverck 8rot. Ltd* 

GOLOOiE NiW-YOBH LOiDON E. C. 

&M BERLIN ,. - - J^-JS^aagg rril m^ Stre«t, City Ro&d 




I 

I 



i ♦ 



5194 



Opened 1907 



■J 

Kurhaus Lankwifz 

59 Victoria St.; LRMKWITZ by Berlin 

Sanatorium for Convalescents^ for Persons needlrtg 
Restt for Patients suffering from Iter^ous Complaints, 
Disturbances of tlie Digestive Organs or of 
Metabolism generally, Diabetes, as well as for 
treatment of Morplilnism, Cocainism, Alcoholism &c. 

Most modern Hygienic Appliances. Perfect comfort. 

Prospectus. Telephone: Cross LIchterfelde 800. 



Dr. James Fraenkel. 



^ 



Dr. Albert Olii/en. 



s;) 



BADEN-BADEN 



Sanatorium Drs. Frey-Gilbert 



For nervotia camplaims, heart -dj^ea^e, disturb&nc^es of the nutritlva 
and eicretive organs (gout, obesity, diabetes)^ rheuraduun &t.; 
33SOa those needing rest. 4| 

Persons suffering from coniaffous or ob^ 

jeaio liable c«mp]aEnts are not admEtted. 

Largo park adjoining the Kur Grounds^ the 

O world- renowned Aveaa^ and Woodi o 

Fitted with every comfort (electric light, lift, hot- water pipei, hot uid 

cold water taps in rooma, vacuum cleansing &{l) Large reception 

xoQtSM. and terraces. — Latest bathing applinnces. Perfect conthvancea 

for all physical and dieteiic therapy. Aceommodfttion for 70 gue^its 

in single rooms and apartments. 

Proapectua on application to the AdminiBiration or to the Physicians: 

tiMUnX Dr. A. FRET, Dr, FR. WmX Dr. F. OAIIERL 

(Sec also page ^389.) 




BERUN*W-£ 



NO T UHTER DEhf LINDEN 
CORNER OF PAI^I&ER PLATZ 




otelAdlon 



NEW BUILDINQ — AMERICAN STYLE 
ms^ GRAND HOTEL DE LUXE ^» 



LORENZ RDLOri. Prop. 





Opening April 190B ^ BERLIN NW. 7 

ELITE-HOTEL 

Hotel and Restaurant of the l^t rank 
adjacent to Friedrich St. Station (main e}cit). 

9 Keustadtlscht Kirch St. — Comer of Rekhsiagsufer. 

Tranquil situation. — Every modern comfort. 

200 Rooms with baths. — Telephone in every Room. 

Lavatories with hot and cold water supply. 

Anton Schmidt, Manager. 





GUIDE 



\f through 

I 6ermany=^Austria-Hungar y 

I Switzerland => Italy = France 

• - => Belg ium » Holland ^^ 

^ The United Kingdom •=> 
s 5 5 Scandinavia s s -j 
=> Spain s ^ Portugal &c. = 

Souvenir-.ii 

of the 

Hamburg-American Line 




Publisher: 

J. Hermann Herz, Berlin W. 50 

1908. 



EISENACH. 






m 
& 




BAD. 



Crossherxogin 

Containing 

Glauber's Salts and 
:: Sodium Chloride. ■■ 

•> Known as early as 1452. -• 
Recommended by the faculty. 

IMDICRTIOhS — <5o"t;Rheuma. 
^— — — tism; Diabetes; 
Obesity; Complaints of the Pancreas, 
Liver, Kidneys and C3all-bladder; Affec- 
tions of the Respiratory Organs'; Catarrh 
of the Stomach and Intestines; Scro- 
phula, Rickets; Female Complaints. :: :: 



JKineral lOaters Exported. 

Pamphlets & Instructions for Private Use 
forwarded gratis on application to the 

<KURDIREKTIOI\l'. 



Disconto-Gesellschaft 

BERLIN - BREflmN — FRANKFORT a. M. 
LONDON 

Capital (fbUy paid) . K 170,000,000 
Reserves H 57,600,000 

Represented in Hamburg by the 

Norddeutsche Bank in Hamburg 

with branches in ALTONA and HARBURQ. 

Capital (fully paid) . , , M 51,200,000 
Reserves M 9,800,000 



Every description of banking business transacted. 



Represented abroad by the following foreign banks: S2J0a 

Brasilianische Bank fur Deutschland, Hamburg, with branches 

in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santos and Porto Alegre. 
Bank ffir Chile und Deutschland, Hamburg, with branches at 

Chile, Valparaiso, Santiago, Concepcion, Temuco, Antofagasta* 

Bolivia, La Paz, Oruro, Valdivia, Victoria. 
Ernesto Tornquist & Co., Limifada, Buenos Aires. 
Deutsch-Asiatische Bank, Shanghai, with branches at Berlin, 

Calcutta, Hamburg, Hankow, Hongkong, Kobe, Peking, Singapore, 

Tientsin, Tsinanfu, Tsingtan, Yokohama. 
Banca Qenerala Romana of Bucarest, with branches at Braila, 

Craiova, Constantsa, Ploesti, Giurgio, T. Magurele. 
Kreditna Banka (Banque de Credit) at Sofia, with a branch at Varna. 
Deutsche Afrika-Bank, Hamburg, with branches at Swakopmund, 

Windhuk and Lfideritzbocht (German-South -West -Africa). 



299:^52 



^ SALZSCHLIRF; BQNl 




FOR PAMPHLET APPLY TO: SALZSCHLIP 



FACE GOUT-WATER. 



'tiitnia^ 



Sfockhoinii 



LvWlrtrtTrt'' 



Railway - IVIap 
of 

Central and Western 
Europe 

Tryrk Raifwa^s Other Railways 






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? BADE DIRECTION dmt FRANKFORT o^. 



NDHDDEIITSCHE fi lUK H HUMBORB. 



Established 1856 



Capital (fully paid-up) . , . , . M. 50,000,000.- 
Capital of acting partners . . . ,, 1,200.000.- 
Reserve funds 9,800,000.- 

With the UnliiDited Liability of the Acting Pirtiiert: 
M. Schinckel, A. Schoeller, R. Petersen, Dr. A. Salomon aohn. 



s2aob 



Head Office: HAMBURG, Hdolphsbrucke 10. 
Branch Offices: ALTONA, Konig Strasse 117/125. 
HARBURG O/L, Walt Strasse 49. 



BERLIN, BREMEN, FRANKFORT o/M., LONDON: 
Direction der Disconto-Gesellschaft. 



We transact general banking business of every description aod 
represent the foltovvJng banks: 

Brasilianisctae Bank for Den tschi anil, Hambnrs, with branches m 
Rio de Janeiro, Sad Paulo, Santos and Porto Alegre, 

Bank ffir Chile tind Deatscbtand, Hamburg, with brandies in 
Chile, (Banco de Chile j Alemania) in Vat|iara1so, Santiago, 
ConcepcioD, Temuco, Antofagasta, Vaidlvia, Victoria, and In 
Bolivia, (Bunco de Chile y Alemania Seccion BoliTiana) in 
La Paz and Omro. 

Ernesto Tornquist & Co*, Umitada, Euenos Aires. 

Banqne de Credit in Soli a, with branch in Varoa. 

Dentsche Afrika-Bank, Aktiengeseiisehaft, Ifamt>iire, with braoches 
in Swakopmund, WIndhnk and Ladcritzbuctit, German- South- 
west Africa, 

DeotSCh-Aslstii^Cfie Bank, Slianghal, with branches in Berlin, 
Calcutta, Hamburg, Hankow, Hongkong, Kobe, Peking, Singapore, 
Tientsin^ Tslnanfu, Tsingtan and Yokohama. 

And others. 



li 





PREFACE TO THE NINTH EDITION. 



|)HE *'Guide through Europe", undergoing annually a thorough 
and careful revision and thus being an original, practical 
and reliable manual, has risen considerably from year to 
year in public favour. Indeed, whereas the early editions 
consisted of 20,000 copies, no fewer than 30,000^ are now 
issued every spring. 

>■ Of course, in condensing such a mass of details, it is impossible 

to prevent mistakes from creeping in here and there; and the publisher 
would be very glad to receive notification of such errors, so that the 
necessary corrections may be made in succeeding editions. 

To avoid misunderstanding, it may be stated here that the 
work has not been written in the interests of advertisers, but for the 
benefit of passengers crossing to Europe by the boats of the Hamburg- 
American Line. 

First-class hotels, * boarding-houses, businesses, banks, sanatoria &c. 
are indicated throughout; but the book being a guide and not a directory, 
only a selection could be made. 

Finally, it may be remarked that German guides through Europe 

existing in great number, the present work was originally written to 

*fill a desideratum long - felt among English - speaking travellers; and 

numerous voluntary letters of thanks and suggestions, couched in the 

warmest terms, are ample evidence that this hope has not been in vain. 



BERLIN, 1st March 1908. 



J. HERMANN HERZ. 



All rights reserved. 



f 




GENERAL^ OmCES 



OP THE 



HAMBURG-AMERICAN LINE. 



5S/6X Ferdinand St.. 
25 Altterdamm, 

''HAMBURG. 

*AIX-LES-BAINS: 14 Place Carnot. 
*ANTWERP: 10 Quai van Dyck. 
*BADEN'aADEN: 5 Sophien Strasse. 
*BALE: 33 Aeschengraben. 
"BERLIN: 8 Unter den Linden. 
♦BOULOGNE: 6 Quai Gambetta. 
♦BREMEN: 1 Bahnhof Strasse. 
•^BRESLAU: 13 Schweidnitzer Stadt- 

grabcn, 
♦BRUSSELS: 41 Boulevard du Nord. 
*CAELSBAD: Alte Wiese. 
♦CHERBOURG: 30 Quai 

Alexandre IIL 
♦CHICAGO: 159 Randolph Street 
COLOGNE: 2 Domkloster. 

Telegr.: "Hapag Colnrhein". 
♦COPENHAGEN: 55 Raadhusplads. 
'^DRESDEN: 49 Prager Strasse. 
♦DUSSELDORF: 10 Wilhelms Platz. 
♦FLORENCE: ViadelArcivescovado. 
FRANKFORT o/M.: 14 Kaiser Str. 
Te[egr.: "Hapag Frankfurt- 
main'*. 
♦GENEVA: 3 Rue du Mont Blanc. 
*GEKOA: 4 via Roma. 
^HANOVER: 18 Georg Strasse. 
♦INTERLAKEN: 51 Hdheweg. 
♦LEIPSIC: 2 Augustus Platz. 
LIVERPOOL: 22 Lime Street 

Telegf.: **Everywhere Liver- 
pool". 



I 



35/S7 Broadway, 
''NEW YORK. 

LONDON S.W.: 1 6 Cockspur Street 

Telegr.: "Steampacket". 
LONDON W.C.: 81 Strand. 

Telegr.: "Dampfschiff". 
LONDON E.C.: 77 — 78 Grace- 
church Street 

Telegr.: "Clymene". 
♦LUCERNE: 2 Alpen Strasse. 
♦LUGANO: Piazza Guglielmo Tell. 
♦MAGDEBURG: 98 Kaiserstrasse. 
♦MANNHEIM: L 14, No 19. 
♦MAYENCE: J. F. Hillebrand. 
MENTONE: F. H. Nauth. 
MONTE CARLO: 2 Boulevard des 
Moulins. 
♦MUNICH: 23Theatiner Strasse. 
♦NAPLES: 21 Piazza della Borsa. 
♦NICE: Hotel de France, 12 Avenue 

Massena. 
NUREMBERG: 73 Kdnigstrasse. 
♦PARIS: 7 Rue Scribe. 
♦PHILADELPHIA: 1229 Walnut 

Street. 
ROME: 387 Corso Umberto I. 
SOUTHAMPTON: 1 Canute Road. 

Telegr.: "Sundius". 
ST. GALL: 20 St. Leonhardstrasse. 
♦STUTTGART: 32 Friedrich Strasse. 
♦VIENNA: 38 Karnthner Strasse. 
♦WIESBADEN : 10 Wilhehn Stmsse. 
♦ZORICH: 73 Bahnhof Strasse. 



♦For telegrams address: ''HAPAG*'. 
AGENCIES IN ALL LARGER TOWNS. 



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Ccngtb of Cwin«screwj*,niail Steamer *'flmerika" compared 
with height of Cologne Cathedral. 




Eolognc Catbedral 157 metres. 



J 

"JfmcTika" 204 metres. 



"^^STT^^^l^^SS^SSSS^SS^^lfSm 




"DEUTSCHLAND" 

Twin-screw Fast Steamer of the Hamburg- American Line 

(runs 23.51 knots). 



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ltist0[|y of the 

Hamburg-Ameijican Line. 




The Hamburg- American Line 
was established some sixty 



years since, having been 
called into existence by the active 
emigration movement which appear- 
ed among the peoples of Europe in 
the thirties and forties of the last 
century. At that period, the United 
States were regarded as the Eldorado 
in which one had but to stretch out 
the hand to obtain in plenitude that 
which years of toil had failed to gain 
in Europe. Whereas, in the year 1825, 
the number of emigrants was only 
1(XX), the figures had risen, by 1832, 
to 60,000 annually. Bremen had al- 
ready taken up, with energy, the 
North American traffic; while the 
trade of Hamburg lay principally 
with the West Indies and South 
America. During the year 1837, 
14,000 emigrants lett Bremen, or 
rather Bremerhaven, for the United 
States, the number of passages made 
being 172; whereas, averaging th"j 
years from 1841 to 1850, only 42 passages annually were made from 
Hamburg. It was dear, however, that the trade with North America was 
far more capable ul development, and had before it a much greater 
future, than that of the West Indies or of South America. 

The Hamburg shipowners of that day despatched occasional emigrant 
isels to North America, but the traffic was wanting both in regularity 
d in organisation ; and it became evident that, in order to assure Ham- 
rg and its fleet their share in the coming trade, it would be necessary 
create a regular service of boats to the United States. 

The calling into existence of this great line casts a striking light 
on the state of affairs at that period; and a short account of the early 
irs of the undertaking will doubtless awaken general interest. 
At the outset, it was decided to start a regular despatch of sailing- vessels. 

d 



The Lookout. 



People looked, in those days, somewhat askance at the new-faivgled <»teAnh 
boat. True^ the "Sirius" and the "Great Western" had crossed the Atlantk 
from England; and a Steamship Company had been formed in that country iji 
1840; but experience as to the steamer was still too limited for the shippers 
to resort to steam as a substitute for the cheaper motive power of wind. 

So then, in the spring of 1847, a number of the most respected Hamburg 
merchants gathered together to discuss ways and means for the foundation 
i>f the purposed undertaking; and, though their plans were extremely modest, 
they found the greatest difficulty in obtaining the necessary funds. 

How difficult it was may be gathered from the chary manner in which 
the First shares were taken-up. These consisted of 60, and \^'cre divided 
;imotig no fewer than 41 shareholders, the greatest number of shares sub 
scribed for by any one individual being only four. In many cases the sub 
scriber, on reconsidering the bold step he had taken, withdrew his consent. 
itnd either removed his name from the subscribers' list or transferred his 
i^hares to someone else. It may be noted, here, that the share capital 
tif the company has now risen to 125 million marks. 

At last, however, on the 27tli May 1847, at a general meeting ol 
the shareholders, the company was constituted under the stj'le of the 
*Haraburg'Amerikanische Packetfahrt Actien-Gesellschaft" for the purpose 
ikf establishing regular communication with North America by means of 
Fiaiiing- vessels carrying the Hamburg flag. So far as capital permitted, 
the required ships were to be built or bought and, if necessary^ cba'fercd 
to undertake the voyages from and to New York. 

The company being thus established, a considerable period elapsed be 
fore the working of the line could be commenced. For, despite the not over 
plenteous funds, the managers were desirous of obtaining sound and fast 
sailing vessels. Negotiations were opened with all the most coi[ipetent docki? 
of the German coast and (ship-building being at that time cheaper on thi" 
BaJtic than on the Elbe or Weser) also with Finland, Sweden and Denmark. 
But, after long consideration of the pros and cons, it was decided, nolwlth 
standing' the difference in price, to place orders for three ships in Hiimi-sur^; 
uhile a fourth was to be bought second-hand either in England or America. 

The construction of the three new boats was begun in Deccdiber 1847: 
the names chosen for them were "Deutschland", "Rhein" and ".America", 
the last afterwards receiving the name of *North America". The contract 
price for the three vessels with complete fittings was 367,500 marks; and 
the sum rci^erved for the purchase of the fourth ship was 67,5(H) marks. 

How diminutive do these figures appear when compared with thi- 
cost of the great vessels of the present day, which often aniounta tn 
millions for a single steamer. The *Deutschland" for instance^ the fastesi 
steamer of the Company, cost 12,500,000 marks. 

In the meanwhile, 62 shares had been subscribed-for, thus raising the 
working capital to 465,000 marks. After payment had been made for t^ ' 
ships, there remained, however, only 30,000 marks, an exceedingly sms 
sum for a new enterprise that had to manipulate so vast an apparatus 

Two of the sailing-vessels left the stocks in October 1848. The thin 
the ^Rhein", was not ready for launching till the following month, an 
then had the misfortune to capsize, though it was soon re-floated. Thj 
incident was, for the seamen, a very unfavourable omen. And yet it wa 
this very vessel which, by its brilliant and rapid passages, did so muc 
towards establishing the repute of the Packetfahrt Ships as fast sailers 

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It may be noted, here, that the shipbuilders, never having, as they 
said, constructed such large vessels, made a serious error in their calcu* 
lations, and lost considerably on the transactions. Fifty years ago, the 
building of a ship of such dimensions as the *Deutschland" (700 tons) 
was an event of great magnitude. Nowadays, German docks build sailing- 
ships of 5000 tons (the full-rigged ship "Preussen" of the Hamburg firm 
of Laeisz has a gross tonnage of 5080); while the great freight steamers 
are three and even five times as large: the *Graf Waldersee", "Patricia", and 
"Pretoria", for instance, built for the Company in Germany, have each a 
registered tonnage of about 13,000; while the passenger and cargo steamer 
"Kaiserin Auguste Victoria" — a gigantic vessel built at the Vulcan Docks 
in Stettin for the North Atlantic service — has a tonnage of 25,000 tons. 

The full-rigged ship, *Deutschland", was the largest of the three 
vessels and was capable of accommodating 200 steerage and 20 cabin 
passengers, a considerable figure in those times. At the present day the 
crew alone of such fast steamers as the *Deutschland" numbers more 
than 550 men; while 300 steerage and 800 cabin passengers are carried. 

Concerning the arrangements and manipulation of the sailing-ships, 
the then managing-director of the company, Herr Adolf Godeffroy, gave 
the shareholders the follow:ing detailed description: — 

"The ships have turned out very handsome. The arrangements for cabin and 
steerage passengers, avoiding all superfluous luxury, are as pretty and comfortable as 
one could desire. Each ship has a small library on board: the crockery bears the name 
of the ship: linen is provided in plenty for the use of passengers. .The fact that each 
passenger has a bed to himself is particularly worthy of mention. The judiciousness 
of these comfortable arrangements has been well rewarded: passengers who had the 
intention to travd by the boats of other companies, having inspected those of the 
"Packetfahrt", have decided to book by this line. Special consideration has been paid 
to the choice of captains; and, by great good fortune, men have been hit upon who 
are not merely first-rate navigators, but who also understand, by their friendly, attentive, 
and sociable character, to render the life of passengers on board the boats as agreeable 
as possible. Captain and officers have received a special uniform, and have been supplied 
with comprehensive instructions, worked out with reference to their position on board. 
As there is no similar Packet-boat service in existence, it has been the endeavour of 
the managers to produce something of great excellence; and all the ships have, from 
the outset, been built of a substantial type and fitted with the necessary luxury. In 
this respect. the managers have taken the Austrian Lloyd Packet-boat Company as their 
pattern. Moreover, books have been introduced (one for the cabins and one for the 
steerage), which, on completion of each voyage, the captain has to lay before the 
passengers for them to enter possible complamts.** 

The company was now in possession of three vessels. Unfortunately, 
however, it had not been found feasible to complete the purchase of the 
fourth vessel: neither in Great Britain nor in the United States could a 
suitable boat be obtained. Consequently, the managers had accepted the offer 
of a ship then on the stocks of a Bremerhaven shipwright. In possession of this 
vessel, named the "Elbe", the company was now ready to commence a regular 
packet-boat service; and, on the 15*1^ of October 1848, the '^Deutschland", 
under her commander, Captain Hancker, started on the first voyage. 

Like every new enterprise, the Packetfahrt met with many dis 
appointments and reverses. These were caused mainly by fluctuatini 
political and commercial circumstances. They may be passed over wit! 
the remark that the year 1852 was the first which permitted payment o 
a dividend. But, despite the modest results, the company endeavoured 
confidently and energetically, to extend both its fleet and its commerci? 
operations. Thus, in 1851, another large sailer, the *Oder", had bee 
introduced, having accommodation for 250 steerage and 40 cabin pa? 
sengers; and this was followed in 1853, by the *Donau". 

12 




SMOKING SAIOOA 
of the Hamburg AmericanZLine's Steamer "Amerika". 




4 



CHILDREN'S HOOM 
of the Hamburg' American Uttr^s Steamer "Amerika" 



13 



The 6 vessels, with a combined burden of 4,000 tons, were considered, 
at that day, a very respectable fleet. Each of the boats made, on the 
average, three voyages annually, thus carrying about 12,000 tons cargo 
to New York and bringing back a like quantity. The pi-esent twin-screw 
steamer ^^Pennsylvania", can take on board more cargo than the whole 
sailing-fleet could carry in one year I It is capable of making ten, voyages 
to America and back in a twelvemonth, carrying 120,000 tons on each 
outward and each homeward journey. The sailing - fleet of the 
company in the year 1853 would have required nine years for the trans- 
port. The vessels took, on the average, about 40 days to reach New York: the 
return voyage was made in 29 days, — the outward and homeward voyage, 
with stoppage in New York, in about 90 days. The number of passengers 
carried, in 1848, was 168; in 1849, 1474 persons; in 1850, 1420 persons; 
in 1851, 3448 persons; in 1852, 4666 persons; in 1853, 4950 persons. 

We have now arrived ^t an event of great moment to the Company, 
namely, the introduction of the Steamship! 

Both at home and abroad, steamship companies had been formed; 
and, consequently, in 1854, the Packetfahrt, resolved to try the experiment 
of running two screw-steamers, each having a burden of 1800 — 2000 tons 
and engines of 300 H-P. The total cost was to be 1,500,000 marks, the 
crew to consist of 60 men, the consumption of coal to be 2 tons per hour. 
The working capital having been correspondingly increased, the two 
vessels were .ordered in England. Their length was to be 300' deck, 
280' keel, — their greatest breadth 38 Vg' and depth 26', the gross burden 
2026 reg. tons, and estimated speed 12 — 12 V2 knots. In consideration of the 
then state of the Elbe, the draft of the steamers was not to exceed 17 feet. 

The vessels — named, respectively, 'Hammonia* and *Borussia' — werie 
delivered, the one in July and the other in September, 1855. At the 
outset, it was found difficult to obtain engineers: the entire commercial 
navy of Germany, which reflected in its various flags the motley character 
of the many German states, possessed but few steamships; and there was 
no source whatever whence engineers could be drawn. 

On the other hand, the introduction of English assistants, which 
was the customary resort of other companies, appeared to the managers 
to be quite out of place. They deemed it important that their vessels 
should be manned by exclusively German crews, and ultimately succeeded 
in obtaining the services of one of the few experts in marine engineering 
then to be had in Germany. This gentleman undertook the organisation 
of the whole department, and supervised tiie building of the new steamers. 
Furthermore, a crew was trained for the new steamer service, special 
instructions being drafted, and the, captains making voyages on foreign 
steamships to prepare themselves for the command of their future vessels. 

It may be of interest to note here that the steamers, on completion, 
were not at once placed in the peaceable service for which they we 
intended, but were chartered by the English and French governments f' 
the transport of troops to the Crimea. However, in March 1856, th 
were employed for the regular monthly steamer service to New York. T 
first voyage was made by the 'Borussia* on the l^t of June 1856; and th( 
followed such a rapid rise in passenger and cargo traffic between Hambu 
and New York that it became necessary to start a fortnightly service. 

The period which now commences includes a continual progress 
the development of the fleet and the introduction of new lines of bos 

U 



It is also a period of keen competition, in which the Company ultimately 
comes out victorious. 

In the year 1868, the last sailing vessels of the Company are disposed 
of; and it becomes henceforth a steamship concern only. 

' In 1867 the New Orleans— Havanna Line, which did not prove very 
remunerative, was started. The year 1870 saw the creation of the monthly 
service between Hamburg and the West Indies, with Havre as port of call; 
though, in consequence of the war, the boats did not begin running till 
March 26*^ 1871. The central point for the West Indian trafBc was 
originally laid in Trinidad, but was afterwards transferred to St. Thomas. 
But, even then, eight years were spent in making sacrifices for German 
trade, ere ^ny profit was obtained on the West India Line. Upwards of 
4 million marks were absorbed in this way, before the Company began to 
obtain the masteiy of the situation. In connection with the West India Mail 
Service, a local one from St. Thomas to Hayti and Mexico was introduced. 

About the opening of the 'eighties', began that separation of the 
cargo traffic from the mail and passenger service which led to the forma- 
tion of the so-called Express Service and the development of the modern 
fast steamer. At first, the managers in Hamburg could not make up their 
minds to follow the example of the other steamship companies. The 
unavoidably deep draft of the required vessels excluded their being 
despatched from Hamburg; and the company feared to face the cost of 
despatching from the Lower Elbe, as this was known, from former 
experience to be very expensive. Moreover, the want of suitable docks 
doubtless affected the decision; the dry-dock of the Company was not 
capable of admitting vessels of the proposed dimensions; and private docks 
of that day were likewise too small. Furthermore, the lucrativeness of the fast 
steamer had not yet been sufficiently tested for one to place much faith therein. 
It was, therefore, resolved to strike a middle course and to adopt a type of 
vessel which, while it showed many improvements, was yet suitable to local 
conditions in point of draft, and retained the principle of combined cargo 
and passenger traffic. Such a steamer, afterwards the *Hammonia' (III), 
was ordered in January 1881. At the same time, the then existing steamers 
were remodelled at considerable cost, most of them receiving an increase 
in deck constructions, so as to meet the modern requirements of passenger 
traffic and turn the hold to good account for cargo purposes. 

The animated emigration and the rise in the cargo trade which began in the 
year 1881, necessitated the despatch of boats to New York twice a-week. 

In New York, the Bremen and the Hamburg steamers had hitherto made use 
of the same landing-place, even after its purchase by the North German Lloyd. 
But, on the introduction of. the weekly double service, the space at disposal 
proved inadequate. The Packetfahrt consequently acquired, in 1881, an advan- 
tageously situated landing-place. Here, at a cost of about 3 million marks, 
warehouses, wharfs, bridges and dwellings for the higher officials were 
erected, which still have but few rivals in the whole harbour of New York 

The concern, which had already attained vast proportions, receive 
such an impulse from the increased trade with New York and the openir 
of new lines to the West Indies that the Company's steamers, in the yes 
1884, covered upwards of one million knots. Two years later, anotht 
new line was started, namely, that between Stettin and New York. 

In 1887, a thorough reorganisation of the fleet was commenced. What 
ever was no longer in accord with modern demands was removed an 

X6 




FLOATING CRANE 
of the Hamburg- American Line. 




replaced by improved material: the old 'Spardeck' ships were disposed-of, 
and the West India Fleet augmented by the formation of a fifth line. 

It was now deemed an appropriate time for entering on the question 
of the fast steamer; especially as the twin-screw steamers of the English 
lines had manifested various advantages over other vessels: they not only 
possessed higher velocity, but also great security, since, if one machine 
became damaged, the vessel could still proceed though at reduced speed. 

The Company, accordingly, decided to adopt this system. A German and 
An English firm each received orders for the building of a twin-screw steamer. 
Cfcrman shipbuilders were thus given the opportunity of showing what they 
could do i n the production of vessels of the largest proportions : hitherto no 
attempt had been made in Germany 'to build steamers of such dimensions. 

Furthermore, increased comfort for emigrants was also a matter of 
consideration; and the steerage was accordingly divided into chambers, 
nn improvement greatly appreciated by the passengers. 

The long depression that had existed in the cargo trade came to an 
end in 1888, and was followed by a brisk rise. The opportunity of 
extending its operations -was not lost by the Packetfahrt. A new line was 
started to Baltimore, the despatches to the West Indies were increased to 
six per nitmth, the four steamers of the Hamburger Carr Line, which was 
viOLind-Lip in this year, were purchased, orders were placed for ne>X' 
vessels, and the share capital of the company raised to 30,000,000 marks 
for the purpose of acquiring two more fast steamers. 

Moreover, the formation, in the year 1889, of a line of boats to 
Ptiihidelphia is to be noted. 

The Urst two fast steamers, the **Auguste Victoria** and the ** Columbia", 
were delivered in 1889, and were followed, in 1891, by the '*Fiirst 
Bismarck". This last ship was also built in Germany, and made, in her 
first year, the fastest voyage between Southampton and New York that 
had as yet been accomplished. 

The form and fittings of the steamers of the Hamburg-American Line, 
keeping piice with technical progress, have, in the course of time, passed 
through many transformations. The earliest steamships were fitted with 
wooden bulwarks and deck-cabins. Next came the 'spardeck' system with 
Hat decks and but few constructions on them. This type" of vessel held 
the field on the New York Line till the opening of the eighties, being 
followed hy the three-deckers with bridge, back and poop stretching a long 
* distance fore and aft. In the spardeck-ships, the first saloon on the main 
deck ran from the engines to the stern, and was surrounded by the 
passengers* berths, which lined both sides of the boat. Amidships, and 
rni both sides of the boiler and engine, were the officers' cabins &c.; 
'.vhilc fore, la}^ the second saloon with the second-class cabins. 

FroiTt the very commencement, the fast steamers, by their speed and 
inagniticejice, won the favour of the public. The *Auguste Victoria", whicl 
at first was only I4OV2 metres long, was afterwards lengthened by the inser 
tion of a new part; her measurements then being, — length 159*14 metres 
breadth 1 7*2 metres, draft 10*3 metres. The engines had an indicated H-] 
of 13,3U}, and gave the vessel a mean speed of 19 knots per hour. 

The Auguste Victoria and the Furst Bismarck were in the Nortl 
Atlantic nervice and were also employed as pleasure steamers. In 1904 
both vessels, as well as the Columbia wer-e sold to make room for the two 
large ocean steamers "Amerika" and *Kaiserin Auguste Victoria". It is not in 

i8 




Co 



•a.^ 



Co 

5 









.«=; -^ 












Diiys. 


Hours. 


Min 


13 


1 


— 


12 


6 


20 


9 


3 


— 


9 


6 


— 


9 


10 


— 


6 


U 


44 


5 


7 


38 



ion in the build of the 



their speed, but in their appointments, size and remuncrativeness, that these 

two new steamers illustrate Uie progress of ship-building. What the 

Company has accomplished in tlie former direction may be gathered from 

the following statistics, which show the different fastest voyages made, 

several of them forming the present record. 

1858 Southampton— New York, *Haramonia" (I) . 

1858 New York— Southampton, *Hammonia" (I) . 

1867 Southampton— New York, ''Hammonia" (II) . 

1869 Havre— New York, '^ Westphalia" .... 

1869 New York— Plymouth, "Holsatia" .... 

1891 Southampton— New York, *Furst Bismarck" 

1900 New York- Plymouth, '"Deutschland" . .. . 

This increase in speed is due not only to modificati 
vessels but, above all, to the improvement in the engines and machinery. 

The Hamburg-American Line was one of the first shipping companies to 
adopt the compound engines, some of their vessels having been fitted with the 
triple expansion system as early as 1886. Their present fleet is, in the main, 
supplied with these engines ; though, to avoid vibration, the latest steamers 
are propelled by the new quadruple expansion engines on Schlick's system. 

The improvement in the machinery was accompanied by a consider-- 
able reduction in the proportionate consumption of coal, the quantity now 
required for one indicated H-P per hour being 65 kg. Of course, the total 
consumption of coal has risen enormously with the growth of the fleet. 
In 1856, the first year in which the vessels were driven by steam, only 
8,000 tons were required. But, from the foundation of the company to 
the present time, 15,000,000 tons have been consumed. 

In 1891, to find employment for the fa^ steamers, which formerly lay idle 
during the winter, the Company started pleasure trips to Italy and the Orient. 

The trial succeeded beyond all jexpectation, the orient voyage of the 
"Auguste Victoria" being a phenomenal success. The trips consequently 
became a permanent institution; and voyages to the West Indies, and 
annual pleasure trips to the land of the midnight sun (first voyage 1894) 
were introduced, the steamer going as far as Spitzbergen. The opportunities 
thus afforded to tourists are made good use of; and a satisfactory number 
of passengers is always obtained. One can scarcely conceive of a more 
delightful journey than in such a floating palace, which carries the voyager, 
surrounded by all the most modern comforts, into the wildest and most 
inhospitable regions of the earth. 

Moreover, in order to extend these pleasure voyages, a yacht, called the 
*Prinzessin Victoria Luise", has been built (1900). It is the first boat specially 
designed for pleasure trips, and has won, everywhere, general admiration. 
Having been honoured by a visit from the German Emperor a few days 
after the trial trip, she left Hamburg on January S'h 1901 fbr her first 
cruise to the West Indies, and has, since then, cruised with great success 
also in the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, round the British Isles, in 
Norway and to the Northern capitals. 

The success of the *Prinzessin Victoria Luise*' and the desire to bring 
these exceedingly healthy and educative pleasure trips within reach of a 
larger public led to the building, in 1904, of another tourist steamer of 
similar dimensions to that of the **Prinzessin Victoria Luise" but with les? 
luxurious appointments. This new steamer, named the *Meteor" and 
intended solely for pleasure touring, commenced its maiden voyage on the 

20 



1 




"Prinzen" Steamer of the Hamburg-American Line. 
{Passenger and Cargo Vessel of medium size.) 




Hamburg-American Line's Tourist Steamer "METEOR", 
for Scandinavian and Mediterranean Trips. 



3rd June 19U4, coasting along Norway up to Droiitheim. -In the following 
month five similar trips followed. Voyages to the watering-places* of 
North West Europe and to the Mediterranean were made in the Autumn 
and Winter months. By the introduction of this vessel, 1st class sea 
voyages have, for the first time, been rendered as cheap as land journeys 
of a similar length. As a consequence, the public have shown there appre- 
ciation of the undertaking in the most lively manner. 

The separation of goods and passenger traffic, — necessitated by the 
Introduction of the fast steamers, — induced the company to construct, from 
the middle of the nineties onwards, new vessels adapted to carrying a certain 
number of passengers and yet capable of stowing enormous quantities of cargo. 

These vessels were styled "Steamers of the *P' class". The first of 
them was the 'Pennsylvania*, a twin-screw steamer, having a length of 
170Vs ^*^ ^ breadth of 18*96 m. and a draft of 1156 m. The engines 
indicate 5,0()0 H-P. and propel the ship at a mean speed of 13 V4 knots per 
hour. The registered gross tonnage is 13,333; and the vessel can carry 
a cargo of about 14,000 tons. The 'Pennsylvania' and her sister ships, the 
Tretoria', *?atricia* and *Graf Waldersee', were, at the time of their building, 
the largest vessels in the world and remained the largest German cargo boats 
till the Ham burg- American Line ordered their gigantic passenger and freight 
slEQTTiers *Amerika' (22,225 tons) and 'Kaiserin Auguste Victoria' (24,581 tons). 
To transport the cargo of a P-steamer by rail, 28 trains of 50 double trucks 
each are necessary. These mountains of goods, by the help of 22 wind- 
lasses, disappear on board through 9 loading-holes. The ships are so- 
called * three -deckers" or "storm-deckers", that is, the structures on deck 
tie BO high above the surface of the water, that, even when the sea is 
running high, it does not become necessary for passengers to go below. 
AU the passenger arrangements lie on the two promenade decks above the 
main deck. In the interior, there are 2 further decks; so that each vessel 
has a total of five, • and, besides its vast cargo, can take 3,000 passengers on 
board. For the transport of fresh meat, there are ice-chambers having a 
capacity at' 33,000 cubic feet; while the stalls accommodate 400 live cattle. 

A further important advance in shipbuilding is marked by the com- 
pletion of the fast-steamer ** Deuischland" . This vessel, which began its 
lirst voyage on the 5th July 1900, was built at the "Vulcan Works" in 
Stettin, Its engines, with 37,800 H-P., afford it the enormous speed of 
more than 23*5 knots per hour. It has cabin accommodation for 767 pas- 
sengers; and its saloons, offices and cabins are so beautiful that the vessel 
soon acquired the title of *The loveliest ship in the world". ''The blue 
ribbon of the Atlantic" was won by her on her first appearance on the 
ocean. Since the "Deutschland" entered the service, a number of other 
[lew steamers have been introduced by the Hamburg-American Line, the 
principal of them being the ""Moltke" and *Blucher". Equal to the ''P" 
liners in comfort and steadiness, but fitted with greater luxury and 
possessing a much higher speed, these vessels began running theii 
Atlantic voyages in the spring and summer respectively of 1902, anc 
^ince then have become great favourites among American travellers, a! 
they represent the latest development in ocean travel de luxe. 

The success of these ships — whose steady motion and unexceller 
comfort and beauty withdrew many a passenger from the elder fas 
steamers — induced the Hamburg- American Line to ord^r two steamerb 
of medium speed but of an exceptionally handsome and roomy type. 

22 



\ 



These are the above-mentioned twin-screw steamers •Amerika" and 
•Kaiserin Auguste Victoria". The former, built by Harland & Wolf of 
Belfast, made its first passage on the U^h of Oct. 1905: the latter, built at 
the Stettiner Vulcan Docks, made its maiden trip on the lO^h May 1906. 
Together, they undoubtedly form the finest vessels of the Company's fleet. 
The larger of them, the •Kaiserin Auguste Victoria", with a length 
of 700 feet, breadth 77 feet and depth 54 feet, possesses an average 
speed of 17 knots. Its greatest displacement is 42,500 tons, with 
accommodation for 1,100 calkin and 2,300 steerage passengers. More- 
over, being registered to carry 24,581 gross registered tons, it will 
be able to take a cargo of 16,000 tons. Besides the saloons customary 
on large German steamers, the present vessel is provided with a special 
restaurant under the same management as Hotel Ritz in Paris, thus enabling 
cabin passengers, if they wish, to purchase tickets for the voyage only, 
and to take their meals as they please in the restaurant. 

For the tra^c with Mexico and South America, as well as between Genoa 
and New York, there were built, in 1901—1903, seven steamers of the •Prinzen" 
class, all somewhat smaller than those of the North Atlantic traffic, but splen- 
didly and suitably fitted. On their first appearance in the harbours ofBrazil and 
Mexico, they aroused general enthusiasm, being the largest and most beautiful 
that had ever been placed in regular service to these countries. 

In the summer of 1907 were introduced Ihc "President Grant" and 
the "President Lincoln", — two steamers similar to the P-liners but of 
a larger type. They are about 183 metres in length, with a gross 
tonnage of about 18,120 and an average speed of about 14 knots. Their 
crews number about 344 each; and they can carry 3,805 passengers. 

Another steamer, to be launched in 1910, is now on the stocks. 
Its measurements exceed by 500/o those of the "Kaiserin Auguste 
Victoria"; and it will have a gross tonnage of 34,000. 

The following table shows the growth in the dimensions of the Com- 
pany's steamers: — 





§1 

o.o 
O o 

|i 




& 


i 


CJipi 
Gross. 
Tons. 


iciiy, 

Nptt 
1 ons. 


It 


1 






Borussia I . . . . 

Cirabria 

Pommerania . . . 

Wieland 

Hammonia III . . 

Columbia 

Fiirst Bismarck . 

Pennsylvania. . . 

Deutschland . . . 

Moltke 

Prinz Oskar . . . 

Amerika 

Kaiserin i 

Auguste Victoria S 

President Grant) 
and President) 
Lincoln . . . .j 

Vessel building.} 


1855 

1867 
1873 
1874 
1882 
1889 
1890 
1896 
1900 
1902 
1903 
1905 

1906 

1907 

abt. 
1910 


85.34 

100.6 

109.7 

113.2 

113.7 

140.2 

153.72 

170.6 

203.5 

160 

113 

203.6 

206.0 
182.88 


11.73 

12 

12.2 

12.2 

13.7 

17.06 

17.54 

18.9 

20.4 

18.9 

13.7 

15.8 

16.4 


7.93 

10.06 

10.17 

9.80 

9.51 

11.73 

10.39 

12.5 

13.4 

11.9 

9.0 

22.6 

23.5 


3037 

3504 

3969 

7578 

8430 

13265 

16502 

12335 

6026 

22225 

24581 

abt. 
18100 

abt. 
34000 


2026 

2167 
2680 
2358 
2563 
2299 
3226 
8505 
5196 
7633 
3377 
13368 

14847 


3 

3 
3 

2 
3 
3 

2 
4 
2 
2 
2 
4 

4 


Iron 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Steel 

do. 
Steel 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 


nom. 
375 
ind. 
1300 

3000 
4250 

12300 

16500 
5000 

37800 
9500 1 
2700 1 

15800 

17200 

abt. 
7500 


a> 
? 

I 



24 



The larger and moft powerful the Company gfew, the greater became 
• its ascendancy over the other concerns which, in the course of time, had 
introduced regular services between Hamburg and other ports not called-at 
by the boats^ of the Packetfahrt. It was particularly difficult for those 
companies wliich traded to New York and the ports of the same 'hinter- 
land* to compete with the great rival. One such company was the Hansa 
Line, which had been running boats to Montreal and Boston from 1881. 
It was incorporated with the Packetfahrt in the year 1892; and its nine 
Atlantic liners were taken over at a cost of five million marks. The 
voyages to New Orleans, which shortly before the amalgamation had been 
re-opened in conjunction with the Hansa, were now, like those to Montreal 
and Boston, regularly run. 

Thus the company had gradually extended the network of its opera- 
tions from Hamburg to all the principal North American ports of the 
Atlantic sea-board, to the Antilles and to the north coast of South 
America, /. e, from the St. Lawrence to Venezuela. 

But the company did hot rest on its oars. In the 3rear 1896 came 
a new line from Genoa to La Plata. The share capital was raised, within a 
few years, from 30 million to 80 million marks, and the fleet enlarged by 
the addition of new vessels. The year 1898 saw an important extension 
in the shape of a service to East Asia. The Imperial Mail contract of 
the North German Lloyd was shared by the- Hamburg- American Line, the 
number of voyages being doubled and the company placing orders for 
4 large mail-steamers. In conjunction with Lloyd, too, a line of cargo- 
steamers to East Asia was inaugurated in January 1898. The competing 
Hamburg-Kingsin Line was bought up; and soon afterwards a line of 
cargo-steamers was started from New York to East Asia via the Suez 
Canal. The Chinese service received its final form in the Spring of 1901: 
the Hamburg- American Line then acquired the German Mail Line to 
Tsingtau (Kiautschau) and Tschifu (Tientsin), started the line '^Canton- 
Hongkong-Shanghai", joined in the Yangtse trade, (Shanghai-Hankau), 
and opened working departments at Hongkong, Tsingtau and Shanghai, 
obtaining in the latter place extensive harbour room. Moreover, the 
company has increased its coasting trade in East Asia by the lines 
Hongkong -Nagasaki -Vladivostok, (opened in 1902), Wuhu - Chingkiang- 
Canton (1902), Hongkong- Vladivostok (1902), and Hongkong-Port Arthur- 
Chemulpo-Dalny (1903). The year 1903 also saw a re-arrangement of the 
mail and cargo service of the combined Hamburg-American Line and the 
North German Lloyd. The contracting parties agreed, for practical 
reasons, to give up mutual working and simply to avoid competition with 
one another. Since then the Hamburg- American Line's cargo service to 
East Asia and the North German Lloyd's Imperial Mail service have been 
separately conducted by their respective owners. Of course the Hamburg- 
American Line no longer shares the government subvention for the mail 
service to East Asia. In June 1900 a new line to Northern Brazil was 
opened, the Hamburg de Freitas Company's. Lines to South America being 
purchased a few months later. Thus, at the present day, the whole of 
the Hamburg Lines trading with the East Coast of South America are 
worked by the Hamburg-American Line in conjunction with the Hamburg- 
South American Steamship Company. Moreover, since the commencement 
of 1901, a contract exists by which the Hamburg-American Line takes 
part in the service of the Hamburg-Kosmos Line on the West Coast of 

26 



America, to Chili, Peru, Ecuador, Central America^ San Francisco and the 
harbours of Paget Sound; while the Company acquired, in April 1901, 
the English Atlas Line, working, with 7 steamers, 3 lines from New York 
to the West Indies and the neighbouring ports of the mainland, this 
service being augmented by a line from New York to Jamaica. Another 
recent and important extension is the six-day fast tug service started in 
April 1902 between Hamburg and the Rhenish Provinces. In the year 
1903 were added a direct line of passenger steamers to Mexico and a 
line for the transport of ore from the North (Narvik and Lulea) to ^e 
Rhenish ports and Emden. Jointly with the North German Lloyd, the 
Scandia Line of the Hamburg- American Company was extended, in 1904, to 
the ports of Norway and Sweden in order to obtain a share in the emigrant 
traffic from those countries. At the close of 1902 a 'Season Service" was 
introduced from Genoa along the Riviera coast to Nice, — not to mention 
the numerous improvements and extensions of already existing lines. 

In the summer of 1900 came the task, shared with the North German 
Lloyd, of transporting the German troops, ammunition, commissariat &c. 
to China, as well as of carrying the necessary horses from San Francisco 
to the scene of war. For this purpose, the Hamburg-American Line provided 
13 steamers. Furthermpre, the steamer Savoia was fitted up as a hospital ship, 
and placed at the disposal of the German Emperor. In the estimation of the 
authorities and of the officers and troops carried, the company performed, 
in a most satisfactory manner, both the above task and that of trans- 
porting back the troops and horses to Germany in the summer of 1901. 

The Herero insurrection led to the Hamburg-American Line's being 
called upon in 1904 to transfer troops and horses to German South 
West Africa. 

Special mention must also be made of the Company's activity in 
arranging pleasure trips. It was in the spring of 1891 that the fast 
steamer Auguste Victoria made her first voyage to the Orient; and since 
then the service has grown in favour year by year. Besides this vessel, 
other passenger steamers as well as two specially appointed tourist 
steamers — "Meteor'* and ^'Ozeana'* —- make annual trips to the East, 
to Norway (North Cape), Spitzbergen and Iceland, to the West Indies, to 
famous watering-places &c. 

In 1904 the Company took over Carl Stangen's Tourist OfQce in 
Berlin. 

In connection with the Hamburg and Anglo-Anjerican Nile Company 
founded in 1905, the company now shares in the passenger navigation 
on the Nile, a special express service Berlin-Naples-Alexandria having 
been inaugurated in 1906. The same year saw the inception of a service 
to the ports of Arabia, Persia and the Sudan, as well as a fast-steamer 
service to La Plata. A year later were bought eight steamers of the 
Woerraann Line, in conjunction with which company eleven regular lines 
are run to Africa. 

At the present day the lines of the Hamburg-American Coippany encom- 
pass the whole globe. In the following list we give an enumeration of the 
different steamship lines which, in 5ie summer of 1907, were worked 
either by the Company alone or in conjunction with other shipowners. 



9B 



\ 



Steamer Services of the Hamburg-American Line. 

1. NORTH-AMERICA. 

1. Hamburg-New York. Fast and Mail Steamefs (•Deutschland**, «Amerika"; "Kaiserin 
Auguste victoria" and "Biacher") via Southampton and Cherbourg returning via 
Plymouth and Cherbourg. 

2. Hamburg-New York, Mail Steamers (•President Lincoln", "President Grant**, 
"Pennsylvania'* "Pretoria**, "Patricia**, "Graf Waldersee'* Ac.) via Boulogne and 
Plymouth, returning via Plymouth and Cherbourg. 

3. Stettin-New York, Boston, calling at Scandinavian ports. 

4. Genoa-New York, ^ast and Mail Steamers via Naples, returning via Gibraltar 
and Naples. 

5. Hamburg-Boston, with through freighting to all Railway Station* of Canada and 
the Unittd States. 

6. Hamburg-Philadelphia with through freighting to the United States. 

7. Hamburg-Baltimore with through freightmg to the United States. 

& Hamburg-New Orleans with through freighting to all inland towns of Mexico and 

United States. 
9. Hamburg-Montreal with through freighting to all Railway Stations of Canada and 

the United States. 
la Hamburg-Halifax (for passengers only). 

11. Galveston-Copenhagen and Hamburg, 
Hamburg-San francisco and Paget sound, see route 86. 

2. WEST INDIES, MEXICO and ATLAS LINES. 

ft) HAMBURQ-WEST INDIES. 

12. to St. Thomas, Porto Rico, La Guayra, Puerto Cabello, Cura^oa, calling, if neces- 
sary, at Antwerp. 

18. via Grimsby, Havre to St. Thomas, Sanchez, Samana, Puerto Plata, Cape Hayii, 
Gonaivesj Port au Prince, proceeding, one month to Monte Cristy and St Marc, 
the next to Port de Paix and J6r6mie and joining Roiite 28 at St. Thomas. 

U. via Antwerp to St Thomas, Puerto Colombia,. Cartagena, Colon. Port Limon, 
Bocas del Toro with through freighting via Colon to all Places of the West Coast 
of America. 

J 5. direct to St Thomas, Trinidad, Carupano, La Guayra, Puerto Cabello, Cura9oa. 

16. via Antwerp to St Thomas, Havana, Cienfuegos, Santiago de Cuba and other 
Cuban ports. 

17. via Antwerp to St Thomas, Puerto Colombia, Cartapjena, Colon, Port Limon with 
through freighting via Colon to all Places of the V^ est Coast of America. 

b) HAMBURG-MEXICO. 
la via Antwerp to Kingston, Tampico, Vera Cruz and Progreso. 

19. via Antwerp, Vigo and Cadiz to St Thomas, Havana, Tampico and Vera Cruz. 

20. via Havre, Southampton, Santander, Coruiia to Havana, Vera Cruz and Tampico. 

21. via Havre, Bilboa, Coruiia, Vigo to Havana, Vera Cruz and Tampico. 

All Mexico Steamers take goods in through freighting from Bremen, Copen- 
hagen, Gothenburg, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Paris, Bordeaux, Grimsby &c. 
to the inland towns of Mexico. 

0) ATLAS-LIMES. 
(between New York, West Indies, Central America and Columbia). 

22. to Fortune Island, Kingston, Savanilla, Cartagena and Port Limon. 

23. to Fortune Island. Kingston, Savanilla, Cartagena and Port Limon. 

24. to Inagua, Cap Hayti, Port de Paix, Port au Prince, St Marc, Aux Cayes and 
Santa Martha. 

25. to Inagua, Port au Prince, Petit Goave, Miragoane, Jeremie, Jacmel and Santa Martha. 

26. to Kingston, Gfeytown, Puerto Barrios and Livingston. 

27. to Jamaica and Colon with through freighting via Colon to all Places of the West 
Coast of America. 

d) WEST INDIES INTERNATIONAL SERVICE. 

28. St Thomas, San Juan P. R., Sto. Domingo, Hayti, Kingston, Hayti, Sto. Domingo, 
San Juan P. R., St Thomas. 

3. SOUTH AMERICA. 

29. Hamburg-North Brazil via Antwerp, Boulogne, Vigo, Leixdes, Lisbon, Madeira to 
Pari, Mandos, Maranhfto, CearA and Paranahyba (Tutoya). 

30 



30. Hambarg-Cenirat Brazil via Antwerp, Southampton, Boulogne, LeixSes, Lisbon and 
Madeira to Pernambuco, Bahia, Victoria, Rio de Janeiro, Santos. 

31. Hamburg-South Brazil via Antwerp or Havre, Leixdes and Lisbon to Cabedello, 
Macei<S, Paranagua, Sfto Francisco, Oesterro, Rio Grande do Sul. 

32. Hamburg and Antwerp-La Plata via Southampton, Boulogne, Coiuna, Vigo, Lisbon, 
Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Rosario, fiahia Blanca. 

38. Genoa-La Plata. 

34. New York-Brazil via Cabedello, Pernambuco, Macei6, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, 
Rio Grande do Sul. 

4. KOSMOS LINE. 

35. Hamburg-West Coast of America via Antwerp and London or Genoa and Cadiz 
to the Vvest Coast of America from Chile to San Francisco und Puget Sound, 
returning via Montevideo, St Vincent, Havre, London. 
Hamburg-Colon-West Coast of America, see routes 14 and 17. 

5. EGYPT. 

36. Oenoa-Naples-Alexandria, in conjunction with the Egypt-express of the Hamburg- 
American Line Berlin-Naples. 

6. EAST ASIA 

(including the Calcutta-Hamburg and the Arabo-Persian Lines). 

87. Hamburg-East Asia via Bremen. Emden, Rotterdam, Antwerp (once monthly Lis- 
bon and Naples), Port Said, Suez to Penang, Singapore, Manila, Hongkong, 
Shanghai, Tsmgtau, Taku (Tientsin), Yokohama, Kobe (Hiogo^ Vladivostok and 
intermediate ports; with through freighting to Deli, Bangkok, Batavia, Samarang, 
Soerabaya and the ports of China, Corea, the Philippines, Sunda Islands &c. 

88. New York-East Asia via Suez Canal. 

89. North America (Portland, Oregon)-jEa5^ Asia. 

4046. Coasting Lines of East Asia-.^ Hongkong-Nagasaki-Vladivostok via Kobe or 
Chifu; Canton-Hongkong-Shanghai; Wuhu-Canton; Kobe-Tsingtau; Shanghai- 
Tsingtau; Shanghai-Tsingtau-Cnifu-Tientsin; Shanghai-Hankau (Yangtse Line). 

47. Calcutta-Hamburg. 

48. Hamburg-Arabia-Persia via Antwerp and Marseilles (occasionally also Fiume) to 
Port Sudan, Djibuti, Aden, Maskat, Bender-Abbas, Lingah, Bahrein, Buschire, Basra, 
Mohammerah and Bagdad with transshipment in Basra. 

7. EUROPE. 

4a Hamburg-Rhine Province. Steamer and Fast Tug Service between Hamburg, 
Rotterdam, Ruhrort, Duisburg, Dilsseldorf, Cologne with transshipment for and 
from Mannheim, Strasburg and Frankfort o/M. 

50. Ore Steamer Line. From Narvik and Lulea to Emden and Rotterdam. 

51. Antwerp'Copenhagen-Libau. 

52. Libau-Ldbeck and vice versa, 

53. I^orth Sea Watering-Places. From Hamburg to Cuxbaven, Heligoland, Amrura, 
Wyk (FOhr Isle), Westerland (Sylt), Lakolk, Norderney, Borkum, Juist and Langeoog. 

51. Riviera Trips. Genoa-San Remo-Monaco-Nice. 

8. AFRICA. 

5,5,67. To the West Coast of Africa. 

9. PLLASURE TRIPS. 

a) Grand Orient Trip from New York via Madeira, Cadiz, Gibraltar, Malaga and 
Aleiers to Genoa; from Genoa to Villafranca, Syracuse, Malta, Alexandria, Beirut, 
Jaffa, Constantinople, Athens, Kalamaki, Nauplia, Messina, Palermo, Naples, returning 
to Genoa and New York (February-April). 

b) Shorter Mediterranean and Orient Trips from Hamburg via Dover, Lisbon, 
Funchal, Tenenffe, Tangiers, Gibraltar, Oran, Algiers, Tunis, Palermo, Naples to 
Genoa; from Genoa to Villafranca, Ajaccio, Barcelona, Algiers, Tunis, Palermo, 
Messina, Naples, returning to Genoa; or from Genoa to Villafranca, Ajaccio, Algiers, 
Tunis, Malta, Constantinople, Smyrna, Piraus, Syracuse, Messina, Palermo, Naples, 
and Genoa; or Irom Genoa via Villafranca, Ajaccio, Naples, Palermo, Messina, 
Korfu, Cattaro, Gravosa, Spalato, Abbazia, Trieste and Venice; from Genoa via 
Villafranca, Ajaccio, Cagliari, Tunis, Algiers, Oran, Gibraltar, Lisbon, Oporto, 
Dover to Hamburg &c. &c. 

B) Norwegian Coast and the Far North: - from Hamburg via Odde, Bergen Gudvangen, 

Balholmen, Molde, Naes, Drontheim, Merok, Hellesylt, Oie, Loen, Bergen to Hamburg ; 

or further via Tromso and Hammerfest to the North Cape and returning via 

Digermulen &c or proceeding to Spitzbergen. 
d) Iceland and the North Cape:— from Hamburg via Edinburgh, Kirkwall, Lerwick 

Reykjavik to the North Cape and returning as per route a 

81 



r 



> 



e) Autumn Trips to Famous Watering-places:— from Hamburg to Rotterdam 
(Scheveningen), Ostende, Havre (Trouville), San Sebastian, Bayonne (Biarritz), 
Jersey, Guernsey, Ryde, Brighton, Heligoland back to Hamburg. 

f ) To Kiel Regatta at Cuxhaven and Kiel in conjunction with trip to Christiania, 
Gothenburg, Copenhagen. 

^) West Indies:— ftom Hamburg and New York via St Thomas, St Pierre, Fort de 
France, San Juan de Puerto Rico, Santiago de Cuba, Havana, Nassau to New York 
and Hamburg; further trips including Bridgetown (Barbadoes), Port of Spain 
(Trinidad), La Brea Point, La Guayra (Venezuela), Puerto Cabello, Cura9oa, 
Kingston (Jamaica) or the Bermudas. 

h^ Trips to Portugal, Spain, Italy, Egypt. England, France &c. by the regular 
Passenger Steamers to New York, Mexico, Brazil, Africa &c. 



As the fleet grew in size, it became necessary to extend the dock 
room and the various premises. In the year 1903, the Hamburg government 
iiompleted a large harbour with four quays to be leased to the Line at a 
cent of IV3 million marks per annum. Similarly, at Emden, harbour pre- 
inises and workmen's houses for the requirements of the line were con- 
structed. Great progress has also been made in the arrangements for 
emigration, the Emigrants' Hall on the Veddel in Hamburg having been 
opened in 1902. It is a model building which obtained the highest award 
i\\ the last Paris exhibition; and its appointments, both from a hygienic and 
a social point of view, leave nothing to be desired. Moreover, not to speak 
of smaller constructions, the vast quay-premises of the Company in New York 
are also being extended; and large offices have been erected ontbeAlster 
nt Hamburg. Occupation was taken of these vast Administrative Buildings 
[*n Alsterdamm and in Ferdinand-street in June 1903. 

Among the various institutions for the benefit of the company's 
employees, one of the most prominent is the **Invalids', Widows' and 
•hyhans' Fund'*, which has existed from 1888. On its foundation, the 
L'ninpany subscribed to the funds the sum of M. 30,000. Moreover, 
until the concern has become self-supporting, an annual contribution, 
amounting to half the total premiums, is to be made. The members con- 
sist of the • inspectors, captains, officers, engineers, subordinate officers &c. 
M\d of all assistants employed in the head-office, the freight and passenger 
departments, the forwarding offices, in the docks and on the quays. 

In foreign ports, the company owns the following buildings and 
erections: at Stettin a store-shed, at Havre a coal-shed, at Cherbourg a 
ianding-place, at Montreal stores, at Hohoken the landing-place already 
mentioned, at SU Thomas a landing-place with several store-sheds, a large 
coal-wharf and overseers* dwellings, at Kingston (Jamaica) and at Para 
(North Brazil) large structures, at Hongkong and Tsingtau offices, at 
Shanghai extensive harbour room, &c. This year the Company's new 
premises at 41/45 Broadway, New York, will be opened. 

Thus, at the present day, the Hamburg-American Line, so humble in 
its inception, has grown into a shipping company of vast proportions, 
and, indeed, has no superior in the whole world. Does not its growth 
reflect a period in the history of civilisation? Is it not, moreover, prin- 
cipally to the great shipping companies that the rise of German trade and 
industry is due? They have co-operated untiringly, as pioneers, in the 
endeavour to push German commerce to a leading place among the 
emporiums of the world, and to render the commercial navy of Germany 
one of the mightiest and most respected. 

89 



Pretoria 13 234 Tons 

Graf Waldersee . . . . 13 193 

Moltke 12 335 

Blucher 12 3U 

Bulgaria ,11077 

Batavia 11 446 

Hamburg 10 532 



Particulars taken from the Hamburg Directory. 

The Fleet of the Hamburg- American Line consists of 372 vessels 
with a total registered burden of 995,000 tons. 

167 Ooean Steamers, the largest being:— 

Kaiserin Auguste Victoria 24!!81 Tons 

Amerika ....... 22 225 „ 

President Grant .... 18 120 „ 

President Lincoln ... 18 120 „ 

Deutschland 16 502 „ 

Patricia 13 424 „ 

Pennsylvania •••. 13333 „ 

The 2 Tourist Steamers are:— 
Ozeana ........ 7 859 Tons Meteor 3 613 Tons 

205 Rlver-oraft, Tugs and Lighters with 44,679 registered tons. 

The tonnage of the Hamburg -Americah Line's ocean steamers is exceeded by 
that of no other company in the world; it isy indeed, greater than that of must sea- 
faring nations. According to the "Bureau Veritas" the total gross tonnage on 1 tt Sept. 1906 
of Japan's steamers was 963,000; that of Itay's 774,000; Russia 763,000; Holland 686,000; 
Spain 664,000; Sweden 624,000; Austria 603,000; Denmarlc 577,000, 

The CAPITAL of the Company In 1907. 

Share Capital M. 125,000,000 

Preference Shares M. 48,600,000 

Reserve Fund M. 15,900,006 

Insurance Fund M. i4,ioo,000 

Renovation Fund M. 3,000,000 




DEUTSCHE BANK 

BERLIN, W. 

BEHRENSTR. 9--13 

CAPITAL FULLY PAID M. 200,000,000 

£ 10,000,000 
RESERVE FUND I^t JANUARY, 1907, M. 100,000,000 

£ 5,000,000 



S509 



Dividends Paid during last ten Years (1897-1906): 
10, lOVs, 11, 11, 11, LI, 11, 12, 12, 12 per Cent. 



Branches. 

BREMEN: Bremer Filiale der Deutschen Bank, Domshof 22-25. 

DRESDEN: Dresdner Filiale der Deutschen Bank, Ringstr. 10. 

MEISSEN: Dresdner Filiale der Deutschen Bank, 

Depositenkasse Meissen, Markt 2. 

FRANKFORT on M.: Frankfurter Filiale der Deutschen Bank, 

Kaiserstrasse 16. 
HAMBURG: Hamburger Filiale der Deutschen Bank, Adolphs- 

platz 8. 

LEIPSIC: Leipziger Filiale der Deutschen Bank, Rathausring 2. 

MUNICH: Bayerische Filiale der Deutschen Bank, Lenbachplatz2. 

AUGSBURG: Bayerische Filiale der Deutschen Bank, 

Depositenkasse Augsburg, Philippine 

Welserstrasse D*29. 

NUREMBERG: Deutsche Bank Filiale Nurnberg, Luitpoldstr. 10. 

WIESBADEN: Wiesbadener Depositenkasse der Deutschen 

Bank, Wilhelmstrasse 10 a. 



I DEUTSCHE BANK, BERLIN, LONDON AQE^ 
I 4, George Yard, Lombard Street, 

W LONDON, E. C. 



The Bank and its Branches transact banking business of 
description. Full particulars on application. 



LIQUEURS MACHOLL 

MUNICH 



Germany. 



UEURS MACHOLL 

EXCELLENT QUALITIES 

— = (SEE MUNICH, PAGE 344B) === 




36 



Gennany and the German-spealLiDg Coimtries. 



The confines of Germany have varied 
considerably at different periods 
At one time, they included all conntries 
inhabited by the peoples speaking the 
German tongue, whether High German 
or Low German. The lands which were 
under their domination were also in- 
cluded in the German Empire, then 
called <<D«s ttomUeh-Uentsebe Belch". 
Its emperors were l^rinces of South- 
German kingdoms, nominally elective, 
but practically hereditary. The sceptre 
was held longest by the House of Haps- 
burg, into whose hands it past in 1»8: 
it was transferred, by the marriage of 
Maria Theresia with Franz Stephen, 
to the House of Hapshurg-L'rraine, with 
whom it remained till the hamiliation 
of Austria bv Napoleon in 180>. 

In the following year the Reichstag, 
composed of the German Princes entitled 
to elect the Kaiser and to determine 
the politics of the Empire (Electors), 
was dissolved. In its place follo'w^ed a 
federation of German Princes, called 
the Bheinband, which was under the 
protection of Napoleon and indeed 
controlled by him. Franz IL of Austria, 
having lost all real power, dropped the 
title of the Emperor of Germany and 
styled himself Emperor of Austria. 

The old German Empire, or **Eolj 
Soman Empire of the 6eE|nan Nation", 
thus ceased to exist; and the Khembund 
which succeeded it, continued only till 
1813, being then destroyed by the iresh 
outbreak of Napoleonic wars which 
terminated at the field of Waterloo. 

On the 9ti» of June 1815, a new com- 
pact was agreed to among the German. 
Princes: it was arranged that the com- 
mon interests of the different states, 
from Austria on the South to Holstein 
on the North, should be cared for by a 
Federal House (Bundestag) to meet at 
Frankfort o/M. and in which Austria 
bad the conduct of business. It was 
determined that differences among the 
members should be settled by this 
destag. But the organisation was 
)ry loose one; and, in 186H, the two 
ing members of the Federation, 
tria and Prussia, became entangled 
. dispute that was only settled by 
appeal to arms. The result being 
stroas for the former state, and the 
id having ceased to exist, a fresh 
)ration,called the Norddnutsche Bund, 
formed This, under Bismarck's iron 
d, was destined to be the snlvatlon 
ermany, for it is doubtful whether 



her divided members would, otherwise, 
have been abTe to withstand the French 
invasion that followed a few years later. 

The confiiot, known as the Franoo- 
Prussian War, sprang nominally out of 
a disagreement with regard to the Spanish 
succession. It was on the Ifitla of July 1870 
that the disrupture ot diplomatic re- 
lations occurred ^of. Ems, route 97 b); 
while the declaration of war took place 
on the 19th of the same month. 

The decisive battle was fonght at 
Sedan on the t** September, Napoleon HI. 
surrendering next day. Seventeen days 
later, the siege of Paris began and lasted 
through an exceptionally severe winter 
till the 28th of January 1871. On that 
date the capitulation took place. But 
hostilities continued for another menth; 
while peace was not concluded till the 
treaty was signed at the congress of 
Frankfort on the 10th of May 18U. 

In the meantime, on the 18th January, 
the King of Prussia had accepted the 
(mperial title at Versailles. The old 
''Band** was dissolved, and the modern 
German Empire was created, its affairs 
being placed in the hands of a Bundes- 
rat and ot a popular assembly called 
the Beiohstag. 

The tormer consists of delegates ap- 
pointed by the princes of the several 
federal states. The Kingdom ot Prussia 
sends 17 members, the Kingdom of 
Bavaria 6, the Kingdoms of Saxony and 
Wui temberg 4 each, the Grand Duchies 
of Baden and Hessen 8 each, that of 
Mecklenburg-Schwerin 2, the Duchy of 
Brunswick 2 and the remaining states 
1 each, namely:— the Grand Dachies oC 
Sachsen -Weimar, Mecklenburg- Sttelita 
and Oldenburg; the Duchies ot Sachsen- 
Meiningen, Sachsen- Altenburg, Sachsen- 
Coba*-^-Gotha and Anhalt; the prin- 
cipalities of Schwarzburg-Budolstadt) 
Sch warzburg - Sondershausen, Waldeok, 
Beass a. L., Reuss j. L., Lippe and 
Sohaumburg-Lippe; and the small re- 
publics of Hamburg. Lttbeck & Bremen. 
The provinces of Elsass & Lothringen 
(Alsace-Lorraine) are unrepresented. It 
may also be noted here that the Grand 
Dachy of Luxembourg, which had been 
erected in 1815 and lies to the north-west 
ot Lorraine, was formerly a member of 
the Federation; but in 1871, its sovereign 
being the then king of the Netherlands, 
it was not included in the new Empire. 
Since the death otWillftim III. of Holland, 
the state has become, by reason of the 
Salic Law, quite independent. 



37 



The Bandesrat is under the Presi- 
dency of the Imperial Chancellor, who 
is appointed by the German Kaiser. 

All Imperial bills must receive the 
sanction of the Bundesrat and the 
Eeiohstag before they can become law; 
while the executive rests with the mi- 
nistry. This ministry, however, though 
acting for the whole Empire, is really 
the ministry of Prussia. ' Thus, when 
we consider also the preponderance of 
votes which Prussia possesses in the 
Bundesrat, it becomes evident how gieat 
a part this state plays in the concerns 
of Germany. 

Each individual state controls its 
own internal affairs, and has, in most 
cases, an upper and a lower chamber. 
These chambers bear various names, 
such as Herren-Hans and Abgeordneten- 
Haas (Prussia), Landtagr Ac. 

The boundaries of the present Empire 
are: - the Baltic and North Seas with 
Denmark on the North; Holland, France 



and Luxemburg on the West; SwiiE«r- 
land and Austria on the South; and 
Russian Poland on the East. 

These boundaries, howeve*-, are pure- 
ly political: for, if we regard the con- 
figuration of the land, we must draw 
a line somewhere through the middle 
of the country and dividing the high- 
lands from the lowlands, which would 
then include the states to the East and 
West that are historically separated 
from Germany; while the Highlands 
to the South are geogrnphically in- 
separable from Switzerland and Austria. 
Again, if we turn to the language, we 
shall find that the homely Piatt dialects 
of the North differ but slightly from the 
language of the Netherlands; whereas 
they are totally incomprehensible to the 
Bavarian and Suabian peasants, whose 
vernacular is almost identical with 
those of the Austrian and the Switzer. 

It must not, however, be supposed 
that the language of the educated is 



The finest Location - - - 
on the Alsterbassin. 



Hamburg 



a Opened 1906 Q All 

Improvements up to date. 

NEUER JUNGFERNSTIEG & ALSTERBASSIN. 

'"' PALAST HOTEL. 

First- Class Hotel. 100 Rooms, 50 with bath and toilet attached. The only 
Hotel in Hamburg with so manj Bathrooms. 

GRAND WINE RESTAURANT r.%Ti?ra^in!-! 

ARXOIiD PAEGEIi, PROPRIETOR. 



to any appreciable extent affected by 
the influence of dialect. Of course, 
many a Hanoverian, Westphalian or 
Hamburgian still clings to his stock 
and steirif whereas other Germans have 
everywhere adopted the Sch pronunci- 
ation; while the Saxon speaks of Die 
Zauperflode instead of Die Zauberfldte, 
But to these little distinctions one soon 
becomes accustomed; and the American 
or English tourist who has thoroughly 
mastered his German grammar will 
soon be able both to understand and 
to make himself understood. For those 
speaking no German, there are, in all 
better -class hotels, either interpreters 
or waiters who understand English. 
But, as by no means the majority of 
the inhabitants speak more than tlieir 
mother-tongue, some acquaintance with 
German, however slight, is desirable 
for the tourist. 

Weights and Measures. From 1871 
the decimal system has been in use. 
The standard of length is the metre. 



which, pointed off decimally, gives deci- 
metres and centimetres. The standard 
of wei^^ht is the gramme, a kilogramme 
equallmg two German pounds, which is 
rather more than two English pounds. 
AS a matter of fact, things are bought 
and sold pro Pfand in Germany. For 
liquids, the standard is the litre. (See 
Tables at end of book). 

Money. The decimal system is also 
in use in the coinage. The standard 
is a Mark = 100 pfennig. A Dollar is 
about marks 4*20. The coins are:— 
Gold: 20 mark- piece (Zwaneign 
stiick), 10 mark-piece (Zehnmarkst 
Silver: 5 mark-piece (Fiinfmarksti 
3 mark-piece (ein Taler — now b 
called in), 2 mark-piece, 1 mark, Vs n 
or 50 pfennig-piece. Nickel: 10 pfe 
(Groschen) and 5 pfennig-pieces, 
pfennige and 2 pfennig- pieces ar 
copper. 

Imperial Postal Serriee. Gen 
being a member of the Postal U 
the charges for foreign letters a*" 



88 



same ae in America, i.e. for erary 16 at., 
ao pf. Printed paper* ooet 6 pf. for 
every 50 gr., the limit being two kilo. 
For letters within Qermany and Anstria- 
Hiingary the price is for 20. gr 10 pf., 
for 2o0 gr. 20 pf. Printed papers: 60 gr. 
8 pf , 100 gr. 5 pf., 250 gr. 10 pf., Vt »io 
20 pf., 1 lulo 80 pf. Post cards: 6 pf. 

N. B. In Bavaria, bnt not of coarse 
to Bavaria, it is necessarv to use 
Bavarian stamps only, no others being 
valid. 

Hmniclpal Postal Serrlee. The postage 
rates within a town, borough &c. are: — 
for letters not exceeding 250 gr. in weight, 
5 pf , post cards 5 pf.; lor printed matter, 
not exceeding 50 gr., 8 pf., 100 gr. 6 pf., 
860 gr. 10 pf., 600 gr. 20 pf., 1 kilo 90 pf. 

Teleffraas. A union tariff also exists 
between Anstria-Hnngary and Germany 
for telegrams, the rates being:— up to 
10 words, inolading address, 60 pf. and 
every word extra 5 pf. For Anerlea 



1 mk. per word. Great Britain and Ire- 
land 15 pf. per word; minimum 80 pf. 

Bailways are mostly state property 
in Germany and, on the whole, good, 
the trains keeping excellent time. The 
fares in Soatii Germany are a trifle 
higher than in the North; bat nowhere 
are they dear. The so-called D-trains 
(corridor), which ran between all impor- 
tant cit.ctf are, for the Roropean "Ck>nti- 
nent** very fast 

N.B. Most fast trains now have 8^^ 
class carriages attached. 

€sbs. Tariffs vary in the different 
towns. In general, it is best to hire by 
the hoar or to take a *taxi meter* t the 
latter shows the fare . ("Marks" in red 
and "Pf;** in black) oh the clock-face 
attached to the vehicle. Minimom fare 
for !•« class cab is 60—80 pf. 

Passports *e. It is agreeable to have 
a passport with one when travelling in 
Germany. Farthermore, on patting ap 
anywhere, one is required to fill In a 



^ HIGHEST GUSS OF CHINA, EARTHENWARE AND GRYSTAL <^ 

LEADING SPECIAUTIES AND NOVELTIES IN 

Dinner Senrices. ..^^^^^ ^^"'^ ^^ 

Teas Breakfast Services, e^^^^^b^ ''Hf^ttl Wine Services. 
Dessert Services. ^£it!Vfff^ Drnamental Articles. 



EXTENSIVE ASSORTIEHT 

J. C. L HARMS 



Tr»de Muk 

AdmlralKlitsstrMse «9 A 70 

(Dear the harbour.) 



EXCELLENT PACKIMQ 

HAMBURG. 



'registration paper for the police. This 
"Polizei-Anmeldnng", whioh is prompt- 
ly presented by the landlord, contains 
qaestions as to residence, nationality, 
profession &c. of the travellers. 

THE HANSE TOWNS. 

Hansa — an old Germanic word 

meaning originally "troop" — was the 

name applied to an ancient league of 

trading towns in the north of Europe. 

'''*'- first mention of the league is 

in English documents of the 

cent., while Hansagrafen (Pre- 

s of the Hansa) are known to 

existed in Ratisbon as early 

I. The league seems to have 

unded by German merchants 

ad for the purpose of protecting 

'"-thering German trade. The 



oldest guild was that formed in 
London, and upon which the English 
kings conferred various trading rights. 
A few years later, privileges were 
obtained in the Netherlands by the 
merchants of Hamburg and Lubeck; 
and, 40 years afterwards, Lubeck 
allied itself with the Slavonic (Wen- 
disch) towns of Wismar and Rostock. 
A rapid development of the league 
at once set- in; so that, by the end 
of the century, it consisted of four 
divisions, and included most of the 
large towns of Germany, Livonia, 
Esthland and Gothland. Ninety towns, 
from Reval to Cracow as well as 
from Cologne to Lubeck and Wisby, 
joined the league and a great annual 
convention, called the Hansatag, was 




HAMBURG 



dtel de r 




1 



9m F. W. BIEQER, Manager 

1st class House of old Reputation, 
patronized by Royalty and the Elite 
of English and American society 

Splendidly situated, overlooking the Alster Basins 

— 6 Minutes from Depot — 

french Restaurant 

:: ROOMS WITH BATHS ATTACHED :: 

STEAM-HEATED THROUGHOUT. 
ALL MODERN COMFORT. 

--180 ROOMS AND SITTING- ROOAS - - 



Official railroad -tickets sold and 

forwarding of luggage 

- - all over the world - - 




d^ 



instituted for the purpose of seitiing 
its affiiirs as to admission, rejection, 
punishments, disputes &c. Its power 
at this time had become so great that, 
in protection of its members, it even 
carried on wars with Den if) ark, and, 
later on, with Norway. But the p.eriod 
of its greatest prosperity was from 
the close of the 13 th century to the 
opening of the 15th. It had, at that 
time, its agents in the principal towns 
of England, Holland, France and other 
countries, and acted in Germany as 
the channel through which the pro- 
ducts of the North were exchanged 
for those of Italy and the Orient, 
thus rendering Germany the emporium 
of North-European commerce. 

Its great success, however, was 



the cause of its fall. Seeking to keep 
the trade of Europe in its own hands, 
it came into conflict with England uid 
the Netherlands, lost its privileges in 
these countries, and was much crip- 
pled by the competition which sprang 
up after the discovery of America and 
the opening- up of the sea- route to 
India. Differences also arose among its 
members, and it was seriously injured 
by the effects of the Thirty Years* War ; 
so that, by the close of the I7*hcent., 
it had become little more than a name. 
Three towns alone retained their in- 
dependence, namely, Hamburg, Bremen 
and Liibeck (see routes I and 2). 
These suffered severely during the 
Napoleonic wars: and only with 
the development of modern Germany 



JURGENS & HOHMANN 

«0 NEUERWALL 80 ' HAMBURG TELEPHONE I, 1153 

TRBLE LIMEN. HRNDKERCHIEFS. UNDERWERR. 

:: CGRTRINS. :: BEDS & BEDDIMQ. MRTTRESSES. 



3216 



SPECIALITY: BRIDAL OUTFITS. 



LRRQE SELECTIOM 



OF ELEC3RMT LRCED TftBLE- CLOTHS HMD TRBLE-COVERS. 



have they regained their former im- 
portance in the trade of the world. 

HAMBURG. 

This small republican state, with its 
present population of about 900,000, 
probably owes its origin to a block- 
house built by Charlemagne in A. D. 808 
as an outpost against the Slavonians, 
and called, from the name of the 
'ounding woods, Han:imaburg. 
tecame, in A. D. 831, a bishopric, 
, under the sway of Archbishop 
igar, a christianising centre, not 
f for Jutland , but for almost 
whole of Scandinavia. After 
ing been more than once de- 
^yed by the Slavs and Northmen, 
began, in the 11^ cent., to grow 



into a republic. At this period, its 
Guilds had already been formed, and 
in A. D. 1189, for financially assisting 
the Emperor in a crusade, the little state 
obtained various privileges, the control 
of the city passing into the hands 
of its council. Lying among various 
principalities and between Denmark 
and the Empire, it became the frequent 
prey of its more powerful neighbours, 
from whom it freed itself, more than 
once, by the payment of heavy fines. 
In A. D. 1241, it formed a commer- 
cial treaty with Bremen, and became 
a member of the Hanseatic League, 
in which, however, it never took a 
very active part. Its trade continued 
to develop, and, by the year A.D. 1770, 
its republican character being firmly 



established, it obtained representation 
and a vote in the Reichstag. A few 
years later, the conquest of Holland 
by France drove commerce to Ham- 
burg; but, in 1806, the latter also 
sufTered from the Napoleonic invasions, 
and especially from the consequent 
blockade of the Rib by the English, 
indeed, when peace was concluded 
In 1814, the population had fallen 
from 100,000 to 56,000. The follow- 
ing year, the state joined the German 
Federation, of which it has ever since 
remained a faithful supporter. In 1842, 
occurred the great lire, by which 
over 4,000 buildings, including three 
churches, were destroyed. But the 
opportunity was then taken to rebuild 
the city on modern lines ; so that 



Hamburg forms quite an exception 
among European seaports in present- 
ing to the eye of the visitor a most 
modern, and elegant appearance. 

The present CITY contains a po- 
pulation of about 875,000 and, for its 
numerous visitors, possesses several 
magniOcent 

HOTELS: de 1' Europe, first-clasf bouse; 
EipUnade, opeoing April UOS; Atl Anile, a 
fine hoase now beioff erected by the cele- 
brated Berliner Hotel Gesellsobaft, is to 
be opened in 1908; Grand Hot. «Tler 
Jahresselten", 11/18 Jungfemsties:, l«t 
class, recently enJarged to two-fold its 
former size, the exteDsion containing 
electr. lift, private suites & apartments 
with bath & lavatory, Hamburger Hofy i •* 
class, with suites containing private bath- 
rooms; Palast, iBtclaHh, Neoer Jungfem- 
stieg &. Alsterbassin, 100 rooms, 50 having 
bath and lavatory, fine restaurant with 



11/15 rieuer Jungfernsiicg :: :: :: Binnen-Rlster :: :: :: 

4076 HAMBURG 

Grand Hotel ''Vier Jahreszeiten" 

(FOUR SEASONS) 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, enlarged in 1905 by an entirely new building, fitted with 
the latest Improvements. Apartments and single rooms with bath running hot 
and cold water throughout Finest and quietest situation. Restaurant with 
spiendid view over the Alster. Winter Garden. F. HAERLIBf, Proprietor. 



view of Alsterbassin; Streit's* Istclass; 
ContUeutal , 87 Rirchen-Allee , l*t 
class house, built 1907, large restau- 
rant attached, every modern comfort; 
Central, l>t class, facing the Zoo and 
near stations and harbour, moderate 
charges, large gardens; English Hotel, 
2 Admiralitats St., l«t class, in centre of 
city, — Restaurant & Luncheon Room; 
Graf Waldersee, 2 H'^hnerposten, near 
Klostertor, with cafd and restaurant 
attached, baths, good attendance, 
moderate terms; Jangfernstieg Hotel. 

Park Hotel, Teufelshriicke near Ham- 
burg-Alrona (see page 54). 

BOARDING-HOUSES: Pension Inter- 
oatiouale, 38 Holidamm, old-establisheti, 
l«tcl. family- house, tranquil but central 
position, large garden, late dinner, 
English spoken; Klopstoek* Pension, 
2 KlopstooK St., a tip -top house in the 
heart of the town & highly recommended ; 
Pens. Ton Bronsfeld, SO Ferdinand St., 
near Central Station & Alster, modern 
comfort, highly recommended; Peuslon 



Kandler, 17 Neuer Jungfernstieg and 
8 Tesdorpf St., l«tcl., enlarged 1»06, fine 
view, elegant appointments, every modern 
eomfort; Pens. Hoofe, 28 Benecke St., 
l»t cl , centrally situated, newly furnished 
("Reform" beds), patronized by South 
American families: Pension ^Friedrich 
Fischer", Alster Ufer, l«t class, well- 
situated family house, fine rooms, ex- 
cellent cuisine; Pens, thor Strateu, 8 
Tesdorpf St., in open tranquil situation 
near Jioorweide, close to Dammthor 
Station, a tew min. f rom JungfernstiAfi^. 
with verand<)h and garden. 

WINE-BESTAUBANTS: W. Sehama 
Oyster k Wine Booms, 84 Jangferns 
(Heine Haus), is an elegant new 
staurant with small rooms attached 
very suitable for Americans. Oys* 
caviare &o. a speciality; English h 
2 Admiralit&ts St«, well -recommend 
Batskeller; Kemplnskl, Jungfemst 
PfortCy opposite Rathaus, eojoj 
world-wide reputation. 

BEEB-BESTAUBANTS: Sieebeny i 



42 



reoommended: lan KSnlgl. Hofbr&n 
Mfbteheiiy 26 Hermann St. 

CABS: Within each of the four di- 
■triots, Inner Town, St. Panli, St. Georg 
and that to the north of Damm Oate; 
for 1 or 2 persons, 75 pfg., and each 

gerfon extra l"* pfff. Taximeters in use 
lee Introd. to Germany, "Cabs**). 
BANKS: Deutsche Bank, 8 Adolphs- 
plats, one of the largest in Europe, 
branches in all leading towns; Nord- 
deatsehe Bank la Hsmbarg, 10 Adolpbs- 
brilokei is a large and important concern 
with paid-up capital of over 60 million 
marks: it is affiliated with the Disoonto- 
Gesellschaft and does every description 
of bulking business ; FUlale der Dresdner 
Banky 22 Juncfernstieg. 

UKITED STATES CONS. 6EN.: oppo- 
site the Stock Exchange (BOrsen-Ge- 
biittde)* Otfioe hours: from 10 a. m. to 
8 p. m. Hagh Pitealrn, E<*q., Oons. 
S« H. L. Mammenhoff, Esq., Otto W. Hellm- 
rleliy Esq., Deputy Consuls. 

BATHS: SwlMming: In the Alster, 



^T 



at 8 Alsterlust. and in the Bib. WABM: 
Wieopr Bad, 42 A 43 Grosse Theater St. 

ENGLISH CUUBCH: Zeughaus Markt, 
Rev. U. M.deSteCroix. M. A., 66Itfland 
St., Hohenf elde. Services : Sun. 11,0 a. m., 
6,80 p m. H. C, !■* and 3rd *inn. 

ENGLISH BEFOBMBD CHUBCH (Oon- 
atif)nalj: Hafeuthnr. Pastor, Bev. 
Chisholm. (The American Oonsnl 
is a member h«tre). 

POST 4 TBLEG. OFF.: Stephana PI. 

PHABHACT: Bftthans-Apotheke, 
15 Bathaus Markt. English and Ameri- 
can Dispensary, recommended for home 
and foreign patent medicines; 

Intemational Pharmacy » 99 Neuer- 
wall, English, French and Spanish 
prescriptions made up according to re- 
spective pharmacopoBiai. 

TBI PS *e. : For outings of all kinds ex- 
tensive arrangements exist, the *<?ereia 
xur Forderung dea FreBdenveTkehra la 
Hambvrg" making every effort to aasiat 
the tourist and to render visitors staying 
at Hamburg as comfortable as may be. 



37 Klrchenaiiie 



At Station Exit. Close to Play House. 
ABSOLUTELY NEW AND MODERN I 



HflMBURQ 



HOTEL CONTINENTAL 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE, COMPLETED IN 1907. 

a LARGE RESTAURANT, d 

Lift. Electric light. Hot-water pipes. Rooms with bath and lavatory attached. 

4072 Every room litted with hot and cold water supply. 

Telaphone: Amt3, N0 6210 Prop.: F. WARNKEN. 



Again, H. Kassy Alster Arcaden and 
80 Alaterdamm, runs a series of well- 
known excursiona through the city and 
harbour. The trips start every morning 
at 10 o'clock from Alster Pavilion, 
Jungfemstieg, tickets being issued at 
the above addresses, on board the 
boats, and in all hotels. 

AHUSBHENTS: Stadt-Theater, grand 
opera and drama. 

Tballa Theater, comedy. 

Deatsehfs Schanspielhans, famous. 

Carl Sehnltze Theater, St. Pauli, 
operetta and farce. 

BUea Operettea - Theater (formerly 
ind-Halie^ St Fauli, operetta and 

at Dmeker Theater , St. Pauli, 
ir. 

Bsa Theater^ variety. 
■ens Bnseh (formerly Cirens Bens), 
uS Weg, St. Pauli. 
or further amusements and the like 
\ Paall, page 49. 



HAMBURG, unlike most harbour 
towns, possesses many fine streets 
and squares, its beauty being also 
greatly enhanced by the Outer and the 
Inner Alster, two lakes formed by the 
expansion of a tributary of the Elb. 
These twin sheets of water, joined 
by the handsome Lombard's Bridge, 
and animated by numerous boats and 
troops of elegant swan, present a 
strikingly beautiful aspect. It is con- 
sequently not surprising that around 
them have been built some of the 
handsomest villa-lined roads of Ham- 
burg, such as An der Alster, Alster- 
damm and Jungfernstieg, the last, 
widened by embankment, being one 
of the finest promenades in Europe. 

Here, in the centre of the cit;* 



48 



1 . Af1^f€l 1 ^ l~f Ai'Al HAMBURG, 0^^;^ oe^^i 

^^^^^ ^l dl Jl a vf K'wl. ^^^ rfliiway- stations and harboiir, - 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY* HOUSE 
with moderate cbarir^Si fijtuated in the he alt hi eat part of Hamburg in the midst 

own large gardeoi. 100 beds. Spec^iallj suitable for pro]t>ng;edi stay. 
illd r«putatloiii 4075 e*. PoH«r (lata Karat^n] propr, ^ manager. 



and within easy reach of all places 
of interest are situated the leading 
hotels^ connected with ev^ery part of 
Hamburg by an extensive network 
of electric tramways. 

Most oi^ the important buildings and 
monuments V however, cluster round 
the Inner Alster. 

The following are those moat worthy 
of inspection: — 

MONUMENTS. No old and few 
new. The following list will serve 
for reference :~ Biisck Memorial 
( Lombards Brucke); Kaiser Wilhelm 
Memorial lopposite Town Hall); 
Count Adolf IV, of Hohtcin- 



Schanenburg (Glockengiesser Wail); 
Hitnsa Fonntmn (Hsnsa Flatz, St. 
Gtorg); Kaiser Karl Fountain (Fisch- 
markttj Krie^£r Memorial (Espla- 
nade); Kugel Memorial (Gertruden- 
Kirchhof) ; Lessin^if Memorial (GansE- 
markt) \ Markibruunen (Messberg); 
Meytr Memorial (Berliner Station- 
yard); Schiller Memorial (Kunst- 
halleX 

EDIFICES. Si. Catkmrine's 
{HopfenmarktX with a spire nearly 400 
1eet in height, and a former altar-piece 
"Christ blessing the little children'-, 
which is well worth ?ieeing. 

SL Jacob's (Stein St.). Th^; body 



A 



mericans are invited to visit 

dolph Grewe = (j entlcmett's Tailor :i 
Iterwall 6" = t^^^h^ ^ Katnburg 1^ 



Finest EngUsh dsth 



Amnricgn i English styles 



Dress E^u.tS ■2[sex:>A\.'i'j 



of this edifice is in Gothic style and 
dates from the Vb^ cent.^ but the 
towers are new. 

St Michael's (Kraienkampl, This 
fine church is now in course of re- 
consiruction, the original edifice — 
an 18th century building — having 
been complete iy gutted by fire on 
:jJ^J July 1905. It was the largest 
church in Hamburg, and the spot on 
which it stood Is the most elevated 
ill tlie town. 

Si. Nicholas' (Hopfenmarkt). A most 
beautiful church in pure Gothic style. 
It was built rn 1842, from designs 



by Sir G. Gilbert Scott, to replace the 
original building destroyed by the^reat 
fire. Length 156 ft., breadth 1 01 ft., 
height 117 fU The lower, which rises 
to a height of nearly 475 feet, may 
be aacended at any hour of the day, 
Sunday a'lernoons excepted. 

5/. Peter's (Berg St.), Visitors can 
ascend the tower at any time. 

Town Hail (Rnthaus), Open Tues., 
Thurs., and Sat. iO a,m.-- I p. m., Sun. 
12—3 p.m. This imposing Renaissance 
structure, completed in 1895^ has three 
facades of satidsione and in the midt" 
a lower, some 370 f<^et high a^ 



H7IMBCRG. 



2 Hilhneniottcii 2 
- cloie to HlDitertor. 



HOTEL GRAF WALD£RSE£* PrlTpSr; W-Taagen^bacK 
near to Ceniral-Statlon, the Harbour, and nest to the Head-Omce of the Hamburg 
American- Line, — Rooms from ? Mks. — Baths. — Various beera an draught. — Goc 
Attendance — Keasonable charges. — Caftf HSci la arant a la carte at arty hour of the da 
Knglish spoken, — Man taler skandinaviBk. — On parle fr an9ais. (please observa nam« 



affording a superb view of the city 
and its environs. The exterior is 
sumptuously adorned, the front being 
ornaraenied with statues of 20 em- 
perors, while, above the windows are 
numerous representations of Hamburg 
characters, and a series of Hanseatic 
arms. In the interior, there are some 
magnificent suites of rooms:— the 
Phonix Saal, in commemoration of 
the great fire of Hamburg, contains 
a symbolic painting by Fitger, an* 
an enormous picture of the Rathaus 
Room of 1860 &c.: the Kaiser Saal 
possesses a beautiful vaulted ceiling 
in Renaissance style, and marble busts 
of the Emperor William I., Bismarck 
andMoItke: the Haupt Saal (Main Hall), 
41 metres in length an J 18 metres 



in breadth, has a massive oak ceiling 
supported on columns of black marble, 
the walls being of yellow marble. 

The vaults beneath the main building 
form, as is usual in Germany, the 

Ratskeller, to which, of course, 
entrance is free. The ornamentation in 
the Inn Vaults is by Fitger, Jordan and 
others. The vestibule is artistically or- 
namented with stained-glass windows 
and paintings by Allers. In the Remter, 
there are mural paintings by Fitger; 
while the celebrated Rosenkranz Room 
is similarly adorned with a work from 
the brush of DiiyfTcke and representing 
a ring of graceful girls dancing. 

Behind the town Hall stands the 

Bourse, a building, which, erected 
in 18:^9, escaped the great fire, and 



QNGUSfl HOTEL, 



IN THE CENTRE «a 
«,«» OF THE CITY. 
Highly recommeDded I. Class. 

RESTAURANT A LUNGHEON ROOM. 

3211 Board & Lodging on moderate terms. 

Very near the English Consulate, the harbour & the Alster Lake. 
WILHELM PICK, Proprietor. 



was enlarged in 1880. It is one 
of the busiest exchanges in Germany, 
and forms a chief sight of the town. 
Here assemble the merchants , the 
ship-owners and the brokers of the 
busy portf the only absentees being 
such as cannot meet their liabilities. 
Indeed, so identified has the exchange 
become with credit and honour that 
the phrase "He is not on the bourse" 
•« tantamount, in Hamburg, to "He is 

Inancial difficulties". The best time 
see the bourse is a liltle before 

D p.m.: all parts are then open to 

public; while, at this hour, it be- 

imes filled with some 6000 persons, 

J hum of whose voices, heard from 

» gallery above, is very striking. 

e Commercial Library of the 



Bourse contains 100,000 vols, and is 
open from 10 a. m. till 4 p. m. 

Attached to the building is the 
KunsUVerein with a permanent ex- 
hibition of modern paintings. Open 
daily from 9-5 o'clock. Tickets 50 pfg. 
— Sundays and fete days 20 pfg. 

In the same neighbourhood stands 
the Hamburg branch of the 

Imperial Bank (Reichsbank). A 
few paces from the bank is situated 
the 

Stadthaus, now rebuilt and occu- 
pied by the police. 

Near the S. E. end of Lombard's 
Bridge and at the corner of Alster* 
damm and An der Alster, rises the 
Art Gallery (Kunsthalle), open daily 
from 10— 5 (Winter 11-4), Mondays 



45 



excepted. The building is from designs 
by Schirrmacher and v. d, Hude, and 
contains a good collection of pictures, 
the most noteworthy being several by 
Velasquez, Poussin, Guido Rent and 
a large number by old Dutch masters 
such as Jan Sieen, Backhuizen, 
van der Neer &c. On the first 
and second floors are to be found 
works of modern painters, including 
examples of Bdcklin, Lenbach, 
Ackenbach, Liebermann and Anton 



von l^erner. There is also a 
fine collection of ^'English and 
Scotch Masters" presented by Herm 
G. C. Schwabe in 1884. 

The gallery stands on the old 
ramparts, which, laid-out as gardens 
some years ago and almost sur- 
rounding the inner city, form an 
exceedingly picturesque feature. 

Close by stands the new Central 
Station, a large and handsome struc- 
ture occupying the space enclosed 



GENTLEMEN'S OUTFITTER 

Patronised by tlie Americans. 



-^ THE LEADING HOUSE IN NOVELTIES 
Shirts of the finest make. 
Collars & Cuffs. Handkerchiefs. 
Cravats (Neckties). 
Qlovet (Dent's & Fownes') 
Henry Heath's London Hats. 
Umbrellas. 



<$>- 



# 



^■ 






"f;e 



,^' 



l^' 



i^t 



.1^' 



f^(t!f 



American Boots. 
Flanels (Pijamas). 
Travelling Rugs. 

Travelling Cloaks. 
Sporting Suits. 
Hosiery (Cartwright &. Warner's). 
Outfits for Sea-Voyages at shortest notice. 



\i(^ 



by the Stcinthorbriicke, Steinthorwall, 
Glockengiesserwall , the Ernst Merck 
Brucke & Kirchenallee. The two main 
entrances are situated respectively 
in the Glockengiesserwall and the 
Kirchenallee. This new station is a 
great acquisition to Hamburg, as it 
unites the various main lines which 
formerly terminated in the Berliner, 
Klostertor and Lubeck Stations, and 
will take over this year the bulk of 
the traffic now dealt with by the 
Hannoversche Bahnhof. This, how- 



ever, will not take place till October; 
and even then the Hannoversche 
Bahnhof will run the Cuxhaven pass- 
enger trains of the Hamburg-American 
Line, as well as the military and ex- 
cursion services to Hanover, Bremen, 
Cuxhaven &c. 

From the Central Station, the 

TOUR OF THE CITY may be 

undertaken in either of two directions. 

ROUTE A: Having glanced at the 

Statue of Schiller at the opposite comer 

of An der Alster, we walk on -to 



46 







«1 



^ 

5 



^ i 



w ^1 



^1 



^ 

< 






ol 






il 



Alster-Lust, an island in the Outer 
Alstcr with dancing saloons and re- 
staurantSy and, then, cross the magni- 
ficent Lombards Briicke between the 
two lakes. Keeping then to the right, 
we come to the statue of Busch, 
the economist; while, to the left, 
stands that to the soldiers who fell 
in the Franco- Prussian War (Krieger- 
Denkmal). Hence, we pass through 
the Esplanade to Dammthor, with 
the General Post Office on the one 
hand and the Botanical Gardens on 
the other. Beyond the gate there 
stands, at the corner of Schluter St., 
the Central Telephone Office. It is 
a handsome building, — said to be 
the largest of the kind in the world. 
To the north of the gardens is a 



Panorama of the Battle of Worth 
(Franco-Prussian War) and the Zoo- 
logical Gardens, the latter containing 
some fine specimens. 

ROUTE B: Taking the reverse di. 
rection from the S. E. end of Lom- 
bard's Bridge, along the rampart 
grounds toward Steinthor, we pass 
the following buildings: — 

Maria Magdalene Kloster, on the 
right, with a statue of Adolph IV., the 
count under whose protectorate the 
town stood in the 1 3tb century. Across 
the ramparts, at Lubecker Thor, is the 

Botanical Museum, open daily, Mon- 
days excepted, from 10-2 o'clock and 
Sundays from 10-3 o'clock, free. 

At Steintor PI., in the same district, 
is the Kunst und Gewerbe Museum 



= HAMBURG =s= 

PENSION INTERNATIONALE 

- - - - 38 Hokdamm 38 - - - - 

Whole house, with large garden (front and back), balcony, veranda &c. 
Very central but tranquil situation near 
the Alster and the new Central Station. 

BOARD & LODGING 4^/1—7 Mkt. o EXCELLENT CUISINE. O BATHS. 

On parle fran9ais. — English spoken. 

Prop.: FrI&aleIn WlnelLel (cert teacherV 



('Industrial Museum), founded 1877, 
snd open, Mondays excepted, from 
10-5o'clock. Its collections of porcelain 
and Japanese metal-work are, in Ger- 
many, surpassed only by those at Berlin. 

Re-crossing the ramparts we visit the 

Natural History Museum, open 
Sundays 10 — 4 o'clock, and week- 
days 1 1—4 o'clock, Mondays excepted. 

Continuing southwards, we pass the 
Johannis Kloster, and the site of the old 

Berliner Bahnhof to the Harbour 
and the Quays, which, with their 
enormous traffic, present a striking 
& picturesque appearance. The quays, 
that stretch for a dista'^ce of h miles 
along the northern h i. !< of the Elb, 
are capable of ace )n.>n.iJating about 
400 ocean-going vessels and a like 



number of river steamers, as well as 
a large quantity of smaller crafL 

In the year 1906, the number of 
sea -going vessels entering Hamburg 
was 15,778, with a total burden of 
11,039,000 tons. The number of 
vessels leaving the port was 15,790 
and their tonnage 11,008^000. Apart 
from the passenger traffic to all parts 
of the world, the importance which 
navigation has for trade may be seen 
from the fact that the yearly imports 
now figure upwards of 3,215 million 
marks and the exports 2,628 millions. 

From the Berliner Station, a tram- 
way runs alongside the quays down 
to the New ElbbrUcke, a bridge 
400 metres in length and possessing 
a splendid portal. 



48a 



JUJLDXfJS^JR^s IPJLTENT TRITNJKS, J/ 



Raflway .^— ^ 

Tramwdy . 




iritz Mddler, Hamburg, S4 JVienerwali. 





HAMBURG 



Klopstock Pension 

2 Klop8tock St. 2 
1st, 2"<i and 3"ii floor. 

- - Telephone: Amt la, 2771. - - 

FIRST-CLASa 

Two minutes from 
- Dammtor Station - 
Inner & Outer Alster. 

EXCELLENT CUISINE. 

Prop.: 4074 

Mrs. J. Riemann-Fabrlclns. 



From the bridge, a ferry boat takes 
us to Sandihor Quay, which is, of 
course, within the boundary of the 
** Freihafen''' ; and, it should be 
remembered that no contraband 
goods ought to be carried into this 
district. 

Passing along this quay, we come 
to Brook Bridge, which, remarkable 
for its two symbolic figures of Ger- 
ntattia and Hammonia, forms tlie prin- 
cipal entrance to the 'Free Harbour 
(Bonded Warehouses). 

Beyond the bridge, we keep straight 
ahead to Hopjen Markt, where the 



beautiful Kicolai Kirche is situated 
(see St Nicholas Church, above). At 
the N.E. of the Hopfen Markt is the 
Trost Bri'tcke with u statue otAnsgar, 
the so-called Apostle of the North 
(see ^History', above). To the left 
are the Reichsbank, Bourse, Town 
Hall &c., already described ; while, 
southwards, the 'Grimm' leads to 
Kailiarineu Kirche (see above): east- 
wards, through Reichen St., we reach 
the Fisch Markt, where there is a 
monumental fountain and a statue of 
Charlemagne. Close by, in the court- 
yard of Johanneum Gymnasium, is 



-HAMBURG- 

30 Ferdinand St, 



PENSION YON BR0N8PELD, 

near the Central Station and the Alster. Agreeable Home for Germans and Foreigner's. 
22 highly elegant and newly furnished rooms. Drawing, Reading and Bath Rooms. 
Modern comfort. Electric Light. Telephone. Excellent recommendations. Prospectus 
to be obtained from all Travelling Agencies. 3306 Fran von Bronsfeld. 

HAMBURG ■ ■ ■ 17 Nener Jangfernstleg 17 

PENSION KANDLER. 

FIRST-CLASS. ENLARGED 1906. All modern comforts. Beautiful view of Alster. 
Elegantly furnished rooms with or without board, by the day, week or month. 
3704 ELEC'IRIC LIGHT. BATHS. Telephone- Amt I, 5336. 

BRANCH: Tesdorpflitr. sn, near Dammtor-Station. Beautiful view of Moorweide. 



General Offices of the Hamburg- 
American Line: 58/62 Ferdinand Str. 
4 25 Alsterdamm. 



Arsenic Spa LevicO'VetrMm 
(Smith TyrolJ: BV •m ewer* 



48b 



a bronze monirment to the reformer, 
Bugenhagen, In the south wing of 
the building is situated the City 
Library, containing some 550,000 
volumes, and open daily from 11-12. 
On the north side of the gymnasium 
runs Speersort St., with Petri Kirche 
(see above), and leading into Stein St, 
where Jacobi Kirche stands. A car 
going westwards takes us to the 
corner of Elb SU, where St. Michaelis 
Kirche (see above) is situated; or the 
same car runs on to the English 
Church at Zeughaus Marki (see above). 
Southwards from this point, and close 
to the river, are the water-works and 
reservoir. The tower here, standing 
on Elb Hohe, affords an exceedingly 
fine view of the harbour &c. 



In the same spot is the Deutscne 
Seewarte, the Meteorological Station 
of the German Admiralty, open for 
inspection daily from 11 — 2 o'clock. 
The Seewarte was founded in 1881 
for the purpose of scientific enquiry into 
nautical and meteorological matters. 
Close by is the Seemannhaus, « 
hospital for invalided sailors. 

In the immediate neighbourhood are 
Circus Busch, the numerous variety 
theatres already mentioned, and the 
Panoramas of "Trafalgar" And of* The 
Hamburg-American Liner passing 
through the Channel*. These last 
two are at the southern corner of the 
almost triangular "Heiligengeistfeld", 
at whose N. W. corner are situated 
the Cattle Market, Public Slaughter 



W. Schumann's ^ "iTJS^^S'. ^ 
Oyster & Wine Rooms. 



8611 



EXPORT. 



10 Elegant Rooms for large & small parties. 

SPECIALITIES: OYSTERS, LOBSTERS, CAVIARE &c. 

TELEPHONE AMT I, No. 685 & 5668. 



House, Hagenbeck's Menaj^ery, and 
Circus Busch, Just outside the eastern 
comer of the "field** are the Law 
Courts and prison. It is intended 
shortly to erect a new "Palace of 
Justice". The present building, how- 
ever, is itself a new and handsome 
pile, standing on the ramparts^ at 
Holsten Thor. These beautifully laid- 
out grounds, as we saw at the be- 
ginning of our walk, add a great 
charm to the town. We can now 
continue our ramble along them to the 
BotantcalGardens, Krieger- Denkmal, 
Lombards Brilcke Sic, (see Kunst 
Halle, above), where th« promenade 
began. 

iit, Pauli is the great spot for 
amusements and the like, several other 



variety theatres besides the above 
existing here; while its many concert 
halls, restaurants, shooting galleries 
&c. render it the favourite resort of 
sailors, both German and foreign. 
The motley crowd assembled here 
on Saturdays and Sundays presents 
a strikmg picture ot low life in a 
seaport town. 

A remarkable monument to Bismarck 
was erected on the Elbhohe in the 
year 1906. It represents the Iron 
Chancellor as Roland (cf. Bremen) and 
is a massive structure of Black Forest 
granite, the figure bemg mounted on 
an enormous pedestal with proportion- 
ately large bas9 and an approach of 
steps. 

In the same noJx'lbP^r***^*^^ *^®''® 



49 



/ 



»» ■ ■ ■ HAMBURG - . ■■ ■ ■■■ 

PENSION THOR STRATEN 

FIRST-CLASS BOARDING HOUSE 
3 TESDORPP ST. HARVESTEHUDE. 



Pension Hoofe, 



- - NEAR DAMMTHOR BAHNHOF. - - 
Newly appointed and select family 
boarding-house, in tranquil and central 
situation. Good cuisine. Excellent 
modern bedsteads. Moderate terms. 



HAMBURG, 28 Benecke St '"" ^"- '• ■"""'' p^°p- 

Pension "Friedrich Fischer" 

"o« 1ST CLASS BOARDING-HOUSE. 

9 Alsterufer. HAMBURG-HARVESTEHUDE. 

Bordering the Alster. 2 minutes from Dammthorbahnhof. Tram-cars in all 
directions. Agreeable family house. Heautiful garden. Large and elegant 
rooms. Bath. Excellent cuisine. Perfect cleanliness. Careml attendance. 




SANDBERG & SCHNEIDEWIKD 

• HAMBURG 8 * 

WHOIiEtSAIiE AND EXPORT DBCeeiSTS, 

FAVORABLY KNOWN 
FOR THEIR CAREFUL EXECUTION OF ORDERS. 



REG. TRADE MARK 3215 

EXPORTERS OF 

DRMS, CHEHIC&LS, FHARM&CEUTICAL PBEPARATIONS, 

DYES, APPARATUS! 
IMPLEMENTS and SPECIALITIES 

for DRUGGISTS and APOTHECARIES. 

Telephone No. 4S8; Office I. Telegraphic iddresi «S»dewlnd>'. 



ABC -CODE 4 th And 5 th, LIEBER-CODE and S&S-CODB. 



r Line; 



^^5 Alste^' 50 



is also a celebrated Concert House 
known as Ludivigs'. Opposite the 
latter is the Panorama of the Batlle 
of Trafalgar and, close by, the 
Hochsee Panorama, representing a 
steamer of the Hamburg- American 
Line passing the Isle of Wight in 
the English Channel. 

In sporting matters, and especially 
in horse -racing, Hamburg takes a 
leading position. The great race- 
meeting, the German Derby, is 
held, every June, at Horner Moor, 
between Hamm and Wandsbeck, 
the first prize being of the value 
of 100,000 Mks. A like sum is 
oflfercd for the Grand Prix, which 
is run, annually, at Gross Borstel, 



a few weeks earlier than the Ger- 
man Derby. 

Two of the most important streets 
of Hamburg are Neuer Wall, be- 
tween Jungfernstieg and the Stadt- 
haus and Alter Wall, which con- 
tains the Town Hall &c. Here are 
to be found many of the finest com- 
mercial concerns of the city. 

JiirgimM & Hohmann, 30 Neuer 
Wall, is a highly-recommended house 
for linen goods of all kinds. 

The Deutsche Levant e Linie runs 
a series of trips to the Orient, for 
which tickets may be obtained at 
1 Trostbrucke. 

On the way to the Riithaus, we 



HAMBURG 



C 



D 



15 RATHAUSMARKT 
--faoiBgRatbaiit-- 



3291 



RATHAUS-APOTHEKE 



ENGLISH AND AMERICAN DISPENSARY 

DEPOT FOR HOME AND FOREIGN PATENT ME DICINES 

I I EXPORT I I 

Dr. JOHANNES KLIL 



notice at 34 Jungfernstieg (Heine 
Haus), the retail depot of Messrs 
/. iS. Douglas Sohne, whose scents 
ei^oy the special favour of the 
Hamburg public. Among their per- 
fumes, we would call especial atten- 
tion to the *'Delila-Veilchen", which 
reproduces the odour of fresh 
violets in hitherto unaltained per- 
fection. In the six show-windows, 
are to be seen, not only the firm's 
nwTk manufactures, but also well- 
ivn productions of foreign ^er- 
rs. Furthermore, fancy articles 
ronze, majolica and glass may 
d in various styles. 
: of the oldest export concerns in 
..;y is SandbergSe Schneidewind, 
Resale and Export Druggists, 
I which, by its careful and 



conscientious attention, has obtained 
the greatest recognition in all foreign 
countries. Goods bearing the trade- 
mark of this house are preferred 
everywhere. 

Harder & de Voss, 36—38 Gr. 
Burstah. Agency, sole of its kind, 
for the representation of all the 
branches of the provision trade. 
Great permanent sample show-rooms 
for the export of drinkables and 
eatables to all transatlantic countries, 
of more than a hundred first-class 
manufacturers of Germany, England, 
France and other countries. Large 
show-rooms, where the samples are 
exhibited for sale, according to the 
different sorts and qualities. No 
foreign buyer coming to Hamburg 
should omit to visit this establishment. 



61 



- MARTIN JOOST 

27 Hermann St. 27 

I i HAMBURG. I r 



Perfumes and Toilet Soaps 

HOUSEHOLD SOAPS. -» SOFT SOAPS. ♦- 

■GBB Own manufactory 

Kleiner Schaferkamp 50 

J. S. Douglas Sdhne 

-^ STORE: ••- 

Jangfonnstleg 34, (Heine Hans). 

H11 kinds of . targe Store of 3Tend)» 

Coilet Urtides. ^ englisl) $f germanPerhiwei^ 

Speciality: DELILA VIOLET. 



J. HEIMERDINQER 

- - - Punreyor to the Conrtf of BtTtria, - • • 
saoo Oldeabtirg, Brunswick & Holttcln-Oliickfbiirf. 

34 Neuerwall, HAMBURG, NeuerwaU 34, 

DELICACIES OP THE SEASON. 
Fresli Vegetables. Game and Poultry. Pi^h. 

STOLLWERCK'S CHOCOLATE. 

53 



;: loternational Pharni'^cy. 



= HAMBURG = 
29 Neuerwall 29. 

English and American prescriptions are ^^_^ Knglish Dispensary, - 
prepared according to the formulas of I ■■■ I Parmacia espaiiola* - - 
the original pharmacopoeias. Pharmacie fpan^aise. 




L>,smarck Statue oh the Elbhohe, Hamburg, 
53 



which is unequalled in London, Paris, 
or at any other trading centre of 
the world. 

This firm also holds the agency for 
the famous wines of Burgeff&Co., Ltd. 

Other tru^tworihy and leading 
firms are:— 

CHINA, GLASS *o.: J. C. L. Harms, 
69 and 70 Admiralitats St., displays a 
fine selection of dinner services, table, 
glass, toilet sets, vases &o. 

DELICACIES, FRUITS *e. : J. Beinier- 
diager, 8) Nenerwall, Parveyor to tlin 
courts of Bavaria, Oldenburg, Brunswick 
and Holstein - Gliicksburflr. This very 
fine shop should be visited. 

FUBS: Martin Joosfe, 27 Hermann St. 

BOSIEBT AND HABEBDASH EB¥: 
H* Frledheim Jr., 11a Alster Arcaden 
and 18 Neuer WaU. Leading shop in 
Hamburg. 

STEEL eOODS: J. A. Henekels 
of the famous "Twin Works", Solingen, 
has a large depdt at 11 Johannis St 
The firm is known throughout the 
world for its excellent manufactnres. 

TAILOB: Adolph Grewe, 6 Alter wall, 
established 1H78, is highly reoomnnended 
for out and quality. 

TBATELLING BEQUISITES: Merits 
Midler, Trunk & Leather (ioods Factory, 
Lindenau-Leipzig, established 1850. Sale- 
rooms, 84 Neuerwall. All kinds of tra- 
▼elling requisites, first-class leather goods 
and novelties. The firm makes a spe- 
ciality of patent trunks remarkable for 
elegance, durability and a lightness 
(60 % leee than ordinary trunks) which 
effeets a great saving in freight. 

ENVIRONS OF HAMBURG. 

ALTONA. 

POPULATION: 170,000. 

HOTELS: Ksiserbof, new !■* class 
hotel and Restaurant, facintirRail. Station, 
every modem comfort; KSniglicher Hof ; 
Soane. 

BANKS: Flliale der Dresdner Bank. 

Norddentsehe Bank in Hamborg, 
117/196 KOnig St. 

This town adjoins Hamburg on 
the western side, and, though so in- 
timately connected with the republic, is 
distinctly a Prussian town having all 
the characteristics of the Monarchy. 
There is a harbour and considerable 
trade. 

In the fashionable street, Palmaille, 
which is pleasantly lined with trees., 
is a bronze statue of BlUcher; while, 
opposite the Central Railway Station, 



an interesting and fantastic fountain, 
presented by one of Altona's citizens, 
has been erected. A memorial of the 
war of 1870 stands close to the 
station, and another in Markt St. 
At 44 PaUnaille, there is a Natural 
History Museum with anthropological 
collections. The town contains also 
a picture gallery m the Real Gym- 
nasium, Kdnig St.; while, in the same 
street, at number 164, is the theatre. 
Outside the town to the west is 
OTTENSEiV, in whose churchyard 
may be seen the Tomb of Klopstock, 
the so-called German Milton. 

From Altona, a line of rail runs 
down the Elb to Flottbeck (leu/els- 
briickej, and Blankenese with SUll- 
berg; but a more interestmg way 
of making the^e favourita excursions 
is by open carriage along the pretty 
turnpike-road that skirts the river's 
edge, or by the well-fitted steamers 
leaving St. Pauli in summer about 
once every hour. The principal 
places of interest called - at are the 
following: — 

TEVFELSBRCCKE, a favourite 
summer-resort of the citizens of Ham- 
burg, and much frequented by excur- 
sionists from Hamburg and Altona. 
It may be reached on foot from 
Altona in 40 minutes, or from 0th- 
marschen Station in 20 minutes: also 
from the electric tramway in 7 min., 
the cars running every 10 minutes: 
there is also electric-car communi- 
cation with Hamburg; though the 
pleasantest way is by steamer (see 
above). Teufelsbriicke is a truly 
delightful place surrounded by gardens 
and parks of a luxuriant character. 
Lying on the north bank of the Elb 
at a spot where the river flows due 
westwards, and, moreover, complc' * 
enclosed behind by the uplands 
Schleswig-Holstein, it receives 
the warm breezes from the s< 
and enjoys, for its latitude, an 
ceptionally mild climate. 

It has, consequently, been ohot. 
the site for a hotel and therr^ 



54 



Blanhenese* 



SahrhausinBlankncse. 

first- class Restaurant* 

«Htb fine view of the eib* 
Breakfasts^ Dinners and Suppers 

ready at a moment's notice* 



8164 



£.♦ dagebtel^ proprietor. 



establishment called PABK HOTEL, 
a bnildine, or rather group of badciinsrs, 
appointed in the most modern style and 
furnished with every comfort The so- 
called 'old betel' contains numerous 
bed-rooms (almost all looking south), 
various drawing-rooms &c. ard a large 
winter-garden: it is open to all visitors. 
The 'new hotel' is devoted exclusively 
to boarders and their guests: it pos- 
sesses music and reading rooms &c. 
From the windows, balconies and 
galleries, a beautiful view is obtained 
across the tree-tops of the surrounding 
parkf to Teufelsbrttcke below, to Blanke- 
nese, down-stream, and to the piotures- 

aue fishing-village of Finkenwarder on 
le south bank of the Elb. The park 
— extensive, shady and charming — is 
filled with fine old trees that, here and 
there, form arching avenues down to 
the acUaoent river, which borders the 
park to the south. " Board and lod- 
ging from 60 Mks. a-week. 

A few miles farther down the river 
lies 

BliANKEWESE, a picturesque 
place with a pop. of 6,(X)0, consist- 
ing principally of sailors and fisher- 
folk. The spot is surrounded by 



very pretty scenery: the best way 
of visiting it is, therefore, to do the 
outward journey in an open carriage 
and to return by boat or vice versa. 
Among its restaurants the best known 
are the two following, namely: — 

Fahrhans Blankenese, well-known as 
hnving been patronised by the reigning 
German Emperor, who lunched here. 
The restaurant, which affords a lovely 
view ot the Elb, is reached, in 6 minutes, 
by a flight of stone steps leading up 
from the landing-stage. 

Above the village, there rises a 
chateau - like edifice called , after 
the name of the hill on which it 
stands, 

Sfillberg Hotel - Peatloiiy with first- 
class Uestanrant. This is a first-class 
concern containing 20 rooms and 
erected in 1903 on the spot where, 
in the ll^l^ century, the proud Arch- 
bishop Adalbert built his castle. The 
buildings are elegantly constructed and 
fitted; and the cuisine (English and 
French) if excellent StUlberg is the 
most elevated spot in the distriot, and 
is surmounted by a high belvedere, that 



68 







SULLBERG 

BLANKENESE BEI HAMBURG. 

Rotcl-pcneion 



C) 



with 



first-class Restaurant. 

Lo\?cIiC9t outlook 
In the ticigbbourhood of Ramburg. 



€ngli3b and frcnch epokcn* 



fritz Rohr^ prop. 



J 



oommRnds » sweepiog view of the sur- 
rounding landsoape. A powerful tele- 
scope has been placed at the disposal 
of guests by the landlord, Mr. Bohr. 

1: From HAMBURG via HARBURG, 

CUXHAVEN to HELIGOLAND. FOHR, 

SYLT, NORDERNEY, BORKUM. EMOEN, 

WILHELMSHAVEN, OLDENBURG, 

BREMEN and BREMERHAVEN. 

HARBVRG (POP.: 65.000. HOTELS: 
Kalierhof; Bahnhofstaotel), renowned 
for its inipo:tant factories (rubber- 
works, oil- works &c.) and its recently 
much enlarged harbour, bears in its 
western and southern quarters the 
character of a pretty country -town 



surrounded by charming fields and' 
meadows and by large forests. It is 
connected with Hamburg by rail, 
electric tramway and steamboat and 
thus unites the pleasures &, attractions 
of that fine city with the comfort of 
a quiet country- place. It is therefore 
well adapted for young foreigners 
wishing to become acquainted with 
the German language and Mrith the 
methods of German commercial life. 

CVXHATEM. — HOTELS: D5Ue'as 
Belredere; BelleTue. 

U. 8. CONS. A6T.: Johana G. F. Starke, 
Esq. 

This busy and arrowing spot forms, 
together with the adjoining Bilsebtttte], 
a watering-place of aboat 8,000 inhab. 

The town belongs to the Bepablic of 



Dr. KMMER's COMMERCML BOARDING SCHDOL 



IMBint (Elltt) I 

Best opportunity for fo- 
reigners to learn the 
German and French lan- 
guages, Book-Keeping, 
Commercial Correspon- 
dence, Rrithmetic, Type- 
Writing &c. :: :: :: :: :: 




21 Maret-Str. 21. 

Careful preparation for 
Rrmy, University and 
other E?(aminations. :: :: 

Family life. 

Conscientious supervision. 
Terms moderate. 



Prospectus with f^rst-class references on application to Dr. 0. Kramer. 



Hamburg and has shared in its develop- 
ment, especially as the large Atlantic 
Liners of the Hamburg- American Co*y 
cannot proceed up the £lb, and conse- 
quently put- in here. &loreover, steamers 
are run hence to the Frisian Islands, 
such as Fobr, Sylt and 

HELIGOLAND. 

POP.: 2,000. — TISITOBS: 15,000. 

ABBITAL: By steamer from Hamburg, 
Cuzhaven or Oeestemtknde. 

HOTELS: Snpress of India; <ConTer- 
satlonshans' ; Jaassen; Tills Eugenie. 

KUBTAXE: Weekly 8 Mks. 

This three-cornered island, which, from 
1814 till 1800, was an English possession, 
and was then exchanged for Zansibar, 
is well described in the old rhyme:— 
*'Green land, with red band & white sand : 
those are the colours of Heligoland". 

The main part of the island, whose 
total area is but little more than Vf sq. 



kilometre, is an elevated plain, with 
steep cliffs 180 feet in height. At the 
south-eastern base, the debris formed 
by the winds and waves has produced 
an undershore, on and near which the 
town has been built. An easy flight of 
steps and a lift connect the 'unterland' 
with the *oberland'. 

The climate of Heligoland is one of 
the healthiest hnown. Diminutive in 
extent and surrounded by boundless 
seas, its breezes possess a purity p^*- 
haps not to be found at any otl 
watering-place in Europe; while 
presence of such a body of salt-wi 
renders the temperature, from Septt 
her to December, much higher than 
any other similar resort. 

FOHB ISIiE (Chief Town: WTK 
H0TEL8: Korhsasi Wf k) is a well-kno 
and exceedingly mild watering -pi. 
reached easily- by rail from Hambr 
(Altona) via Hasuiy and by steamer fr 



Oazhaven (see above). The principal pro- 
menade is Sandwall, at whose northern 
end is the hHrbour and, beyond, the 
prettily laid-ont Konigigarten. 

In snmmer, there is steamer com- 
mnnioation daily between Fohr, Heligo- 
land and 

SYLT. 

POP. : 5.000.— VIS IT0B8 : 2.',0( annually. 
ARRIVAL : (a) By rail to Hoyer-Schlense 
in Schleswig, and thenoe steamer trip 
of IV2 hours. 

(b) By steamer from Hamburg:, Gux- 
haven and Heligoland. 

STLT is, perhaps, the most Qurious 
and interesting of all the islands of the 
Frisian coast. Though possessing an 
area of only 40sq miles, it has, owing to its 
peculiar shape, a seaboard of great extent. 
Except in the middle, where a broad 
and fiat Jutland runs out towards 
Schleswig, the breadth of the island 
nowhere exceeds 4 kilometres. And yet, 
in this narrow strip of land, there 
is a most striking variety of scenery; 
rugged and heath -clad hills rising to 
a height of 80 metres, — valleys con- 
taining numerous lakes & tarns, — and, 
on the east, rich pasturea & cornfields. 
The only town of importauQe is 
WESTERIiAND (HOTELS; Dentscher 
Kaiser; Karhaas; Mlramare; Grand Hot.; 
HohensoUern; Victiorla. — BOABDING- 
HOUSE: Hoenke's, 14 Paul St, l*tolass), 
a health-resort which has, of late, come 
much into vogue, the number of visitors 
having now risen to upwards of 14,000 an- 
nually. To meet the demands thus made 
upon the town, an elegant 'Kurhaus' has 
been erected; and the straight, well-kept 
streets, have been lighted with electricity. 
The place enjoys a most central 
situation, and therefore enables one to 
visit easily the varioas places of interest 
in Svlt, such as Kamppn, with its high- 
perched light- house. Wenningstedt near 
the *Bed Bock Cliff', the northern List 
and the southern Horsuniy renowned 
for their beautiful dunes. 

NOBDEBNET. — POP.: 4,000. — 
TISITOBS: 14,000. — ABBITAL: During 
the season, i. e. from July to Sept., by 
steamer: from Bremerhaven(Lloydhalle), 
from Hamburg or Cuxhaven ; by vehicle 
from Norddeich or Hilgenriedersiel at low 
- HOTELS: Meyer's; Kalserhof. 

'Conversations* House, situated 

tty grounds, contains an ornitho- 

ai museum. In 1895 the jetty was 

erted into a promenade pier. The 

1 lasts from July till September. 

»BKV1II (HOTELS: Kalserhof; 

.r's), is an island, some 5 miles in 

th and 2V2 miles in breadth. It lies 

r the mouth of the Ems and mid- 

between the 'Dutch and German 

'bs» its green meadows and excellent 

-'uninding one very much of 



Holland. The island, which possesses a 
bathing establishment and an excellent 
beach, is frequented annually by about 
12,000 holiday-makers. 

EN DEW (POP.: 20,72S. — HOTEL: 
Weisaes Haas.— BANK: Dresdner Bank, 
highly recommended) is a prosperous 
little town connected with the Ems by 
canals, which also intersect the town and 
give it a somewhat Dutch appearance. 

Bnildings. The town-hall, built in lf>75, 
possesses an interesting armory with 
old fire-arms of the Thirty Years' War, 
and French weapons taken in 1870. The 
Museum contains a number of pictures, 
coins &o. The Natural History Museum 
has a good collection of amber. 

In the Grosse Kirche, there is a marble 
monument of a Frisian Count; while, in 
front of the Bathaus, stands a statue 
to the Emp. William the First. 

The commercial importance of Bmden 
is likely to experience a considerable 
impulse from the Bhine traffic, whioh 
has now been diverted through the 
mouth of the Ems by the opening of the 
Dortmund-Ems Canal (see Dortmund). 
The Hamburg- American Company now 
runs a line of ore steamers from Sweden 
to Emden (cf. History of the Hamburg- 
American Line). 

Another water-way, the Ems-Jad» 
Canal, connects Emden with 

WILHELMSHAVEN (POP.: 85,000. 
— HOTEL: Loheyde), the second naval 
and military port in Germany. It 
possesses an excellent harbour at the 
entrance to Jade Bay; and its water- 
ways &c. afford ample means of com- 
munication with other towns. Tickets 
to view the dockyards may be obtained 
at 4 G6ker St. 

OI.DENBUBG (POP.l 26,660. — 
Bshnhofs-Hotel), the capital of the grand 
Diichy of Oldenburg is pleasantly situ- 
ate 1 on the Hunte. The station is at tha 
N E. and, walking south from it, we 
come to the river, turn to the right and 
soon reach the post-office. Post »t. leadi 
to the Ducal Stables with the Schloss 
close by. This is an edifice built at the 
opening of the 18*^ cent, and containing 
some modern pictures, sculptures &c. 
To the N.E of the "Schloss" is a statue 
of One of the Dukes; and, in the imme- 
diate vicinity, is the Schlossgarten. Prom 
the Schloss, a bridge across the Hunte 
leads to the Palais, where the Dukes now 
reside Almost at the opposite comer, 
in Elisabeth St., is a handsome modern 
pile, called the Angusteum, in which the 
Dacal Picture Gallery is situated. It con- 
tains valuable pictures by old masters, 
s ich «s:— Guido Beni, Fra Angelico, 
Murillo, Bubens, Bembrandt &a From 
the Palais, the Aeussere Damm leads to 
the Museum; while the Innere Damm 
takes us to the centre of the town with 
the Market, Theatre &c. 



• BREMEN, 

the seeond in importanoe of the Haosa 
Republics, has a history resembliDg that 
of Hamburg. Its independence was 
wrang from the Emperor in I6i6 and, 
save for a short interruption^ daring 
the Napoleonic wars, has been kept 
inviolate to the present day. 

The state now contains two important 
towns, Bremen, the capital, and Bremer- 
haven (see. below), the seaport to which 
it is indebted for its present prosperity. 

BREMEN CITY. 

POPULATION! 214,058. 
IH0TEL8: Central, first-class family 
house, just opposite the Central Station 
and the Lloyd Halls; Hlllmann's Hotel, 
a highly recommended and 1"* class 
house, belonging to the well-known 
Berliner Hotel-G-esellschaft. 

V. 8. CONS. : William T. Fee, Esq. 

BANKS: Dentsehe Bank, 22—36 Doms- 
hof, one of the largest in Europe, 
branches in all leading towns; Bremer 
Bank, Flllale der Dresdner Rank, is 
recommended to visitors for exchange 



and other bosiness; Dlseonto - Oesell- 
sehaft is likewise an admirable bank. 

BREMEN, the second port in Ger- 
many, contains many handsome build- 
ings standing side by side with the 
quaint structures of the middle-ages. 
The main part ol the town is built 
on the right bank of the Weser, the 
ancient city being surrounded by a 
moat. The old ramparts have been 
laid-out as gardens: at their S. corner 
is Altmannshohe. from which a good 
view of the river is obtained. 

Within the precincts of the old city 
lie the pnncipal 

Edifices, ot which the following are 
the most important: — 

The Rathaus (Market Place), erected, 
in Gothic style, in 1406, with a late-Re- 
naissance fa9ade added in the early, part 
of the 1 7*^ cent, and Barocco balustrade. 
The Gothic fronts are decorated with 



[TR 



BREMCinr. !)>= 



CENTRAL HOTEL. 

OPPOSITE THE CENTRAL STATION AND THE LLOYD HALLS. 
3895 FR. J. RITTMANN. 



figures of ten emperors, seven electors 
&c.; while the Renaissance front con- 
tains a handsome Oriel window and 
gable. In the interior, there is an enorm- 
ous chamber, called the Rathaushalle, 
It is of great historic interest and con- 
tains medallions of German emperors, 
hanging ships, stained-glass windows 
and several noteworthy paintings. 
Beneath the Rathaus is the 
Ratskcller, renowned for its rare 
old wines and as the scene of Hauft's 
'Phantasy*'. It consists of several 
chambers adorned with frescoes by 
Arthur Fitger after the restoration in 
1874. The most celebrated cellar is that 
deriving its name from the large rose 
with which the ceiling is embellished. 
Under this spot the elders of the 



city used to hold their most solemn 
conclaves, proceedings which took 
place sub rosa being kept profoundly 
secret The wines in this cellar are 
Riidesheimer vintages of the years 
1653, 1666, 1727 and 1784. The 
price of the flrst is said to have been 
300 gold dollars in 1653: at the present 
time it is a drink for emperors and 
millionaires only, as, at compound 
interest, the value of a single glass 
is about 1,000,000 dollars. 

Adjoining the Rathaus is the Siadi- 
haus; while, in front, there rises a 
huge figure called the 'Roland*. It U 
historically of the highest interest, as 
it marks the freedom of the city and 
its juridical rights. On the same spot, 
there stood, in the 14th cent., a similar 



General Officee of the Hamburg- 1 Arsenic Spa Levico- vetriolo 
American Line: 1 Babnbof St | (South Tyroi): MIT see cover. 

eo 



f 



ertction in wood, which, during a fray 
in 1366, was burned by the archi- 
episcopal party. Fifty years later the 
present stone Roland was raised. It 
bears a shield with a low -German 
(Platt-Deutsch) inscription referring to 
the city's freedom. Such Rolands are 
found in considerable numbers in North 
Germany. Their origin still remains 
obscure; but they seem in some way 
to be connected with the famous 
palladin of the Emp. Charlemagne. 

N.W. of the Rathaus rises a statue 
of William I. To the S.E. stands the 
Bourse, an imposing Gothic edifice, 
built in 1861, from designs by Miiller. 
The symbolic statues at the main 
entrance and on the side facing the 
Cathedral are by Kropp. The walls 
of the various rooms are embellished 
with fine frescoes by Fitger. 

To the W. of the bourse is the 
'SchUtting^ or Chamber of Commerce, 
a building erected in the 16th cent.: 
its west gable belongs to the late- 
Gothic period, and its east gable to 
the early-Renaissance. 

Eastwards of the bourse rises the 
Cathedral, a Romanesque building 
begun in the 11^ cent, on the site of 
a former church. Its original architect 
commenced it on the lines of Cologne 
cathedral: his immediate successors 
took that of Benevento as their model; 
while the whole underwent consider- 
able alteration in the 13 th cent. Aft^r 
a severe fire, in the 16th cent, the 
north aisle was added. In 1638, the 
south tower collapsed; the north tower 
was injured by lightning in 1656 and 
again, by fire, in 1767; the whole 
being restored in 1888. 

The interior contains a fine organ 
and some excellent 14^h cent, reliefs 
&c.: the bronze font is 11th cent 
work. 

Beneath the building is the celebrated 
'Bleikeller' (Lead Cellar), containing 
several mummies, one of which is said 
to be 400 years old. The preservative 
character of the cellar is supposed 
to proceed from the fumes of the 



lead melted in it for covering the 
roof: at any rate the vault still 
possesses its preserving qualities as 
may be seen from the poultry ftc. 
hanging in it. 

At the north corner of the Doms- 
hof there is a so-called Museum, — 
in reality a clubhouse, decorated with 
frescoes by Fitger. 

Near the Osterthor (East Gate), 
there is an 

Art Gallery, containing, among its 
treasures, a collection of drawings 
by Diirer. 

At the end of Obern St is 
Ansgariikirche, and near this the 
offices of the North German Lloyd, 
the Johanneskirche , SL Stevens- 
kirche &c. 

There are, in this city, a con- 
siderable number of bridges, the moat 
alone being crossed by six. Those 
spanning the river lead to the Neu- 
stadt, where, in Kaiser St, stands Uie 
Industrial Museum, 

Among its monuments, perhaps the 
most beautiful is that to the Emp. 
Frederick IL 

firemen possesses a large free har- 
bour necessitated by the accession 
of the town to the Custom's Union 
in 1888. The place has few monu- 
ments. The most important are: — a 
bronze statue of Gustavus Adolphus, 
designed by Fogelberg, the Swede. 
Near Heerdenthor, in the Promenades, 
there is a Marble Vase: and at Ans- 
gariithor stands a monument to the 
Bremen soldiers who fell in 1870* 

A favourite resort is the beautiful 
Burger Park in the N.E. of the town : 
here concerts take place on various 
evenings of the week. 

The accommodation for vessels in 
Bremen is unsuitable for modern traffic; 
consequently, on the advice of the 
burgomaster Smidt, a piece of land 
was bought from Hannover, in 1827, 
for the foundation of a port, called 

BBEMEBHATEIir. HOTELS: Cen- 
tral; Sansconei. 

U. 8. CONS. AOT.: J. H. Sehnabely 
Bsq. 



61 



KIEL 



Grand-MI Gcrmania. 

Most elegant Hotel with every modern comfort 

LARGE HALL. • AUT.O - GAR AGE. 

Perfect Sanitary Arrangements. Apartments with bath. 

3582 H. KRdGER. 



1 



Bremerhaven, the port for Bremen has 
a population numbering 20,000 and is 
growing rapidly. It does a large trade, 
and possesses considerable docks and 
shipping, including those of the North 
German Lloyd. A good view is 
obtained from the lighthouse. 

1t: From HAMBURG, through the 

KAISER WILHELM CANAL to KIEL 

and LiJBECK. 

KAISER WILHELM (North 
Sea & Baltic) CANAL. 

This canal, the foundation stone of 
which was laid at Holtenau by Kaiser 
William I. in 1887, is the greatest 
triumph of .German engineering. The 
designer was Herr Baensch of Berlin, 
who completed the work in 1895. 
On the 1st of July in that year, amid 
deafening huzzahs, the opening of the 
canal by the present Kaiser took place. 

The cost of the undertaking was 
about 39 million dollars, of which 
Prussia provided one third. The length 
of the canal, from the North Sea to 
Holtenau in Kiel Haven, is 61 miles; 
its breadth, at the surface, is 195 feet, 
at bottom 72 feet; depth 29 feet. 
It thus admits the passage of the 
largest vessels; while 7 basins, at 
various stations, allow the largest 
men-of-war to pass one another. The 
canal is lighted with electricity for 
night-traffic; but the visitor travelling, 
say, from Hamburg to Kiel, or vice 
versa, should go by the day boats. 



as the trip affords lovely views of 
hill and dale, lake and woodland. 
During the passage, which lasts 
about 13 hours, the traveller should 
not fail to observe the Kaiser Wilhelm 
Monument, at the entrance, and the 
magnificent bridges at Griinthal, 
Rendsburg and Levensau, which 
divide the canal into three equal 
portions. The first and last are 
remarkable for their dimensions, that 
at Grunthal having a height of 157 feet, 
and that at Levensau a span of 
540 feet, being third largest on the 
continent. The bridge at Rendsburg 
is a double draw-bridge for railway- 
traffic. 

The commercial and strategic im- 
portance of the canal to Germany 
is very great. By using it, the 
notoriously dangerous Skagerrack, 
between Denmark and Norway, is 
avoided, and the distance between the 
Thames and the various ports of the 
Baltic IS reduced by 200—600 knots. 

KIEL. 

POPULATION: 163,500. 

H0TEL8: erand-Hotel eermaaia, l«t 

class, every modem conveoienoe, in 
suites with bath, anto-sbed &o.; Cr 
tinental, Holat, Seebadeanttalt, BelleT 
all l«t class. 

U. 8. CONS. ACT. : P. H. J. Sartorl, F 
KIEL is a former Hanse to 
which, since the opening of 
Nord-Ostsee Canal (Kaiser Wilhe 
Canal) has been growing by lei 
and bounds, its population hav: 
more than doubled since 1890. 



r 



The port possesses the finest harbour 
of the German Baltic, and contains the 
principal Imperial Dockyard, with two 
floating docks. The private docks, 
Howald's (Ship-building & Machinery) 
and Germania Dock, in Gaarden, are 
also very important. Moreover, the 
University, the Castle (residence of 
Prince Henry), the Marine Academy 
and the Thaulow Museum, with its 
almost unique collection of Schleswig- 
Holstein carvings (15th — [gth cent.), 
render the place well worthy of a visit, 
especially as it offers opportunities 
for charming excursions both by sea 
and by land. 

In the summer months, the place 
is now very busy, as the Kaiser 
usually starts from here^ in Jjne 
or July, on his yachting cruise to 
the north- 



lubeck. 

POPULATION I 91,R0a 

HOT. : Kalierhofy leading honae, every 
modern convenience, large restannon. 

U. 8. CONS. AOT.: W. daederts, Esq. 

BANES t FlliaH der Dreadner Btmk; 
Commers Baaky 66 Breite St^ higUv 
recommended for every desorii»ti<m of 
banking business. 

The city of Lubeck, the capital 
of the small state bearing the sane 
name, is situated at the junction of 
the Wakenitz and the Trave, some 
10 miles from the Baltic, its position 
rendering it an important commeretal 
town. In the middle -ages, it stood, 
indeed, at the head of ihe Hanseatic 
League, but, at the present day, it 
retains only Ihe trade with Hamburg 
and the Baltic coast. It is, however, 
likely that the place will shortly regain 
much of its former importance; aa a 



-- Telephone: Nd. 2t - » 


LUBECK 


Tel Bar.: ' 


'KALSERHOF^ j 


HOTEL 


KAISERHOr 




1 li olfiftt lioiiie^ Every modQi-n ot^mfart Dontral 
throFigbsut. Automatic fire alarm. 
LARQE RESTAURANT. 


he«tlciB. ua Eleotrlo Uiftt 1 

MornJnQ aUrcn. 1 

OSCAR H^RINS, Pren. | 



\ 



canal connecting the Trave with the 
Elb was opened in th^ year IQOO. 
This w^ter-way has done for Lubeek 
what the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal has 
done for KieL Liibeck has now free 
communication with the North Sea 
as well as with the Baltic, and will 
doubtless become again an emporium 
of North Geiman trade. 

But this canal haf, at the same 

lime, rendered competiiion keener; for, 

though it gives LUbeck easier access 

to the North Sea, it likewise gives 

"■^-"burg easier access to the Baltic. 

lequetitly Ltibeck found itself 

:d to introduce industry as an 

iary to trade; and, by offering 

lal tacilities, it has induced a large 

ber ot manufacturing companies 

anfifer their works to its con- 

tly fiituaied allotments, 

constitution of Liibeck Is 



practically the same as that of Ham- 
burg, and, as a Haiise town, its 
earlier history is also similar * but 
the place displayed greater pride and 
bellicoseness ; consequently, its fall 
was more campkte. At the saiae 
time it has also retained more of its 
mediaeval character. Of its quaint 
and beautiful buildings the most 
celebrat&d are the following:— 

The MarUnkircke, built at the 
dose of the 13th certtt is one of 
the best specimens of early -Gothic 
in Germany. It contains a pulpit cf 
black marble, some master- pieces 
of German sculpture, a remarkable 
clock (150^^), several monuments 
and the famous "Dance of Death'* 
painted originally in the 15^ century 
on wood. 

The Calhedrah founded in 1173, 
and greatly enlarged in the I^th cent., 



63 



COMMERZ-BANK in LOBECK 5S Breite St. 

Teletfraphic addrett: Commerzbank. 

5113 Share Capital • • • M. 6.000.000,—. 

Reserve Capital ca. M. 1.000.000,—. 

= All Kinds of home and foreign banKing transactions. == 



possesses two spires rising to a height 
of about 400 ft. Among the works 
of art which it has to shew, is a fine 
altar-screen by Memling (1491). 

Other churches of architectural 
value are: — 5^ Jacob's (13*h cent.), 
St. Peter's (12th cent.), the Aegidien 
(14 th cent.) and SU Catherine's, 
The Rathaus on the Market PI. is 
a Gothic structure dating from the 
14th and 15th cent., with additions 
of later date. The Pillory is' close by. 

»a: From KIEL via SCHLESWIQ to 
FLENSBURQ and FOHR ISLE. 

SCHIiESWIO. — POP.: 18,2C0.* — 
H0TEL8: Stadt Hamborir; The Bsr^n. 

The Capital of Schles wig - Hoi stein 
lies at the head of a long firth named 
Die Sohlei Thoag^h bo far from the sea 
the island opposite, Mdvenberg (Mew 
Hill), is covered with galls from Spring 
till Fall. On the coast beyond is the 
old oharoh Haddebye, said to have been 
founded by St. Ansgar; but the present 
building dates from the 13ti> century. 

More interesting is the CathedraL The 
origltial edifice was built in Norman 
Btyie in the 11th century, but was burnt 
down in 14 lO. The present Gothic 
structure was then erected. It contains a 
wonderful altar-screen, with 886 figures, 
carved by Haas Briiggemann in lo2l. The 
tower is modern, work: its height is 
864 feet. ^ 

FLENSBURG. 

POPULATION: 50,000. 

HOTELS: Bshnhofs-Hote], Flensberger 
Hofy both l>t class. 

FLENSBURGh, in a valley at the head 
of a long "fjord" opening into the Baltic, 
is the most northerly port of (JeriLany. 
The popalation is growing rapidly on 
account of the ezceptionaliy favourable 
position of the town for shipping pur- 



poses. Its trade and manufaoture are, 
for like reasons, in a very flourishing 
state. 

At the upper end of the harbour 
is the landing -pier. Turning thence 
to the north, we reach, in a couple 
of minutes, the Nordermarkt with the 
interesting Marunkirche (13th cent.) 
and a colossal bust of Kaiser Wil- 
helm L by Nolz. Other sights of 
the town are: — 

The Norderthor, reached by fol- 
lowing the tram-lines that run north 
from the market: the gate is the last 
relic of the old fortifications. 

The Diakonissen Anstalt to the W. 
of the market. Close by this is the 
Wrangel Monument, Beyond the 
monument lies the old Churchyard 
with many grave-stonis of those who 
fell in the wars of 1849 and 1864 
and a marble Sphinx by Thorwaldsen. 

The charming seaside resort of Olfieks- 
burg, some 8 miles di^ant, readers 
Flensburg an agreeable place to stay at 

From Flensburf; a line of rail rans 
across the isthmus of Schleswig to 
Niebiil), the junction for Tnndern and 
Hoyer to the north and Dagebtlll to 
the S.W. Hoyer is the port for Sylt; 
Dagebilll gives access to f ohr Isle (for 
both see route 1). 

3: From HAMBURG via BERLIN 

(see page 75) to SCHWERIN, 

ROSTOCK and WARNEMUNOE. 

SCHWERIN. 

POPULATION: 40,000. 
HOTELS: da Nor d; Stem; deBassie; 
de Paris; Lalseshof* 

This city, the capital of Mecklenburg- 
Schwerin, is picturesquely situated 



FLENSBURG. 



75 rooms. 
3586 



Bahnhofs-Hotel. 

1 >t class. Electric Light and Steam Heating. Opposite the Railway Station, 
^■^ near the Landing Place and in Centre of City. 
64 



f 



ROSTOCK 



Hotel FQrst BiQcher 



I 



First-class House with Electric Light, Steam-Heating and Bnths. 
Erected 1892—93 on the site of Blucher's birth-place. Adjoining 
Post and close to Stations. All rooms overlook either the Promenade 
V, :: :: or the Hotel Garden. — Prop, is likewise winemerchAnt. :: ; :: 



I 



on the Lake of Schwerin. It contains 
several interesting buildings and a 
number of fine statues, most of which 
cluster round the Grand-Ducal castle. 
This palace is built on an island 
lying between lakes Burg & Schwerin.. 
To the south of it is the Schloss- 
Garten, containing a statue of the 
Grand-Duke Fredeiick Franz II. To 
the north, a bridge leads to Alter 
Garten. Here stands a monument 
of the Franco- Prussian War, and 
a bronze statue of the Grand-Duke 
Paul Frederick. Close by are the 
Court Theatre and the Museum. 
The principal point of interest in 
the latter is the Ducal Gallery of 
Pictures, which includes a large and 
valuable collection of paintings of 
the Dutch and Flemish schools, of the 
17th century. The Cathedral is an 
interesting example of brick architec- 
ture of the 14tb and I6tl» centuries. 

ROSTOCK. 

POPULATION: 61.000. 
HOTKL: Ffirst Bliieh«r, fine l>tclas8 
hoase with verandah, terrace See., erected 
on the site of Biacher's birth-place, near 
station. 

ROSTOCK contains a Universitv, 
Museums, and some interesting 
ches &c. Tlie old ramparts, which 
i been beautifully laid-out, form a 
I promenade. Close to them stands 
(her Hotel on the site of his birth- 
se: the present building contains 
iniscences of the great general. 
ostock is a thriving port, and is 
a fewr miles from 



WARNEMCNDE (HOTELS: Beringer 
k PaTillon; Hfibaer), a watering-place 
on the Baltic coast and an excellent 
rentre for excursions: i* is also a 
sea -port where travellers from Berlin 
embark for Denmark &c. 

4: From BERLIN, via PRENZLAU 

and GREIFSWALD, to STRALSUND 

and rOGEN. 

PRENZLAU (POP.: 21,000.— HOT.: 
de Pnissejy possessing a fine brick-built 
cbarch in Gothic style, lies mid-way 
between B-rlin nnd 

GREIFSWAIiU (POP.: 2i,C00. — 
HOT.: Deatscbes Haus), an ancient uni- 
versity town, sitnated on a small river, 
called tbeWyck, 2 miles from its influx 
into the Baltic Sen. The place contains 
A number of picturesque, gabled houses. 
Its principal f-hurches are St. Nicholas', 
St. Mary's and St. James'. 

In the Unirersitjr, founded in 1450, 
there is n celebrated piece of 16*^ cent, 
tapestry which represents Luther preach- 
ing to the royal families of Pomeiania 
and Saxony. A short distance west- 
war Is of the town, there are some salt- 
springs and baths. A steamboat plies 
between Greitswald and EUgen. 

STRALSUND. 

POPULATION: 81,000. 

HOTEL: doldener Lowe, litcl., facing 
Rathaus, S min. from jetty of Biigen 
and Hiddensee steamers. 

STRALSUND is an old Hanse town 
lying on Strela Sound opposite the Isle 
<f Riigen. Its high-gabled houses lend 
it the same picturesque character as 
Ltibeck & Rostock. Opposite 2t Fahr S\, 
there is a stone in the foot-path bearinor 
the insciiption "Schill f 81. Mai 180&" 
ill commemoration of the hero of the 
"Free Corps" who died defending the city 
af^ainst the allied Dutch and Danen. 

The town hall iuAl en Markt, built 1306, 



66 



I 

J 



STRflliSUnD 



B59f 



Bofei Goldener bOioe. 



l^t class House. Steam Heating. Fine situation on Old 
Market Place. Opposite famous Ratbaus and near all sights. 
Celebrated for its **Fursten" saloon occupied in 1885 by 
King Albert of Saxony and bis Queen. Telephone No. 14. 

On parle francais. Carriase at StatioB. EnsUsh spokeik 



oontaint a Maseum and is well worth 
▼iBiticg: it was begun in the IStli cent, 
and finished in the i5th, the stiff facades 
belonging to the latter century. Faoing 
it, on the Market PI. stands a monument 
to Stein wich. The Nleolalkirelie, built 
in 1311, is a fine edifice with beautiful 
Altar. Harienkirehe contains richly 
ornamented friezes and windows, and 
pictures by Fischbein. 

rCgen 

is a chalk and limestone island 4Q miles 
long and 84 broad, with a deeply indented 
coast and inlets of the sea expanding 
inta a series of lochs, the most notable 
being "Basso wer Strom**, "Great Jas- 
munder Bodden'* and "Little Jasmunder 
Bodden". These are separated from the 
open sea to the N. and the E. by narrow 
srrips of land, named, respectively, "The 
Schaabe'* and "Schmale Heide". The 
former connects the peninsula of "Wit- 
tow" with that of Jasmund, which, in 
its turn, is conneored with the main 
island by the "Schmale Heide". 

For those who do not prefer the sea 
trip from Stettin or Greifswald, there 
is direct railway communication via 
Stralsund and Alte Fahr, these two 
places being connected by a train-ferry 
which obviates all necessity of changing. 
Prom Altefjlhr the train proceeds to 

BERGEN I POP.: 4,000. — HOTELS: 
Batskeller; Prlai t. Preassen), the 
fiipital o f the islaud. It possesses an old 
Town Hall with a collection of Bugen 
antiquities, in which the island is rich. 
The Parish Chnreli, in late-Romanesque 
style, was built in the 12tl» cent. Near the 
to WD is Kagard Hill some 3i0 feet in height 
with oM earth-works, ruins of a castle 
destroyed 131H, and the Arndt Memorial 
Tower, which, being 80 feet high, atfords 
a fine view. Bergen stands in the centre 
of the island and is connected with all 
parts by rai . For those doing RiigeD, 
It is advisable to go next to 

PUTBUS (POP.: 18,000. -^ HOTEL: 
FSrsteahof). The principal "sight" here 
U the beautiful park with its castle 



86 



containing sculptures by Baveh, Tbor- 
waldsen'&o. and some valuable paintings. 
In front is a marble statue of Prince 
Putbus by Drakf»« Putbns is the chief 
town of the island and a charming place, 
to which a much larger number of 
visitors would be attracted if there were 
a hotel in Anglo-American style. Half 
an hour's walk brings us to 

IiAi;TEBBA€H (HOT.: Yiktorta), 
the bathing spot for Putbus, with, 
close by, the. lovely beech-clad Isle of 
Vilm. Here is the landing-place for 
the Greifswald er steamers. The village 
has also a railway; by which one may 
return to Putbus and thence take train to 

BINZ. — HOTELS: Furst Biaeher,l>t 
class house, on sea-shore, facing ladies* 
bath, modern comfort, balconies; Strand 
Hotel. — BINZ is a village in the Granitz 
Hills, with a beautiful Deer Park and a 
Hunting Lodge, which has a high tower 
affording a lovely view of the surround- 
ing country. It is close to the sea, as 
are also the neighbouring villages of 
Gohren and Thiessow. Some 14 miles 
away lies the most celebrated watering- 
place of the island, 

SASSNITZ. 

ABBITAL : 1 Bail to Stralsund, whence 
train is transferred to Alteffthr by steam 
ferry and proceeds via Bergen; 2) steamer 
from Stettin, Swinemiinde, Greifs- 
wald &c. 

HOTELS: Znm «Fahniberg" (prop. 
Lorentzen Bros., Stettin), electric Jighc 
and other comforts, moderate charges; 
Bristol (formerly Kfister's), Ist class, 
elegant new appointments, eleotr. ligl 
&c., large garden, sea view. 

BANEEB: Magnvs Kfister, recoo 
mended for exchange business. 

SEASON *c.: l«t May till loth Ooi 
Baths from June 15th; Knrtaxe (Jui 
15tb till Sept^ 15th and payable aftei 
4 days* residence) 6 mks., 2 person i 
10 mks., 4 or more persons 15 mks. 

SASSNITZ is the leading watering- 
place of BUgen. Its beautiful situatiox 
on the sea- coast, backed by thioklj 



SRSSfilTZ in Rugen. 



MM 



HOTEL BRISTOL. 

I>t Class House. Elegantly re-appointed. Large harden. 
Terraces. Electric Light 5ea View. Table d'lidte at 1 o'clock. 

Property of tlie VON WULLFCROf^flSCHE WEIMHFltQDLUtQQ, 
Stralsund, estab. 1811. 



wooded hills has rendered it, daring 
recent years, a favourite resort of Ger- 
man royalty and nobility. The town 
lies in a small valley open only to the 
south and possesses a delightful climate 
with an atmosphere purified by the sea 
and the woods. It is consequently very 
suitable for weakly constitutions, nervoas 
complaints, scrofula and catarrh. Great 
care has been taken to make the arrange- 
ments of the place all that can be desired. 
Besides the open sea-bathing, buildings 
have been erected possessing every 
description of medioski baths, electric 
fittings &c.; and sea-trips of various 
duration have been instituted. 

By the construction of a fine har- 
bour, SaoBnitB Jbas acquired great im- 
?ortanoe, an express service (Sassnitz- 
relleborg) being run to Copenhagen, 
Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia. 
Moreover, means of entertainment 
have not been forgotten. Town concerts 
by a first-class band are given 9 times 
a- week.* reunions take place at Koch's 
Hotel every Friday; and lawn-tennis, 
rowing, sailing and fishing &o. are to 
be had. 

The surroundiog chalk hills, with their 

beechen & oaken woods, afford splendid 

views of the sea and the Bodden Lakes, 

the best known heights beins those of 

Stubbenkammer, with an ^titude of 

about 600 It. These are torn into clefts 

and glens, and the projecting summit, 

Konigstnbly which drops almost vertically 

to the sea, commands an unparalleled 

prospect. On the ridge of these hills, 

there is a magnificent beech -wood, 

13 miles by 8 miles in extent, and called 

the Stubbenitz. To the east of it is the 

Ine Stubbenkammet**, which, though 

lo high, is, if possible, still steeper 

">vered with trees and shrubs. 

the farther tour of the island, 

ist proceed by sailing^boat from 

ae to Areons; unless a very tiring 

veay over the <<Sekaabe" be taken. 

ma, with its interesting lighthouse, 

e last plaee which calls for men- 

as the west of the island is some- 

s flat and tame. 



5: From BERLIi^ to STETTIN, 

swinemOnde, 

HERINGSDORF and MISDROY. 

STETTIN. 

POPULATION: 257,00a 

HOTELS: de Pruse, lit class; Metro- 
polcv lat class. 

TUEATBES: 8tadt-Th eater; Btllerae. 

U. S. CONS.: J. S. KeU, Bsq.. 
4 Konigs P]. 

STEAMERS: NeaeDampfer Gle In Stettin 
runs an admirable service to Reval and 
St. Petersburg, the vessels being A 1., 
and the fares very moderate: tickets 
at all the principal tourist agencies or 
direct from the company. 

STETTIN, the capital of Pomerania 
and the leading i>ort of the Baltic Sea, 
is a large town with a vast trade in wood, 
corn, petroleum, wine, fish &c. It is also 
the seat of extensive industries, such 
as sugar, chemicals and machinery, 
and is the chief centre of German ship- 
building. It possesses some of the largest 
dockyards in Oermany, the finest of them 
being theVuikanWerf t, where many of the 
fast steamers of the Hamburg- American 
Line are constructed. The rapid de- 
velopment of German shipping and the 
effort to make Germany a maritime 
country tend to increase the importance 
of Stettin from year to year. 

Stettin is an important station on 
the route to the Baltic & Scandinavia. 
Indeed, a favourite summer track for 
tourists and pleasure seekers is from 
Berlin via Stettin to the Baltic coast 
and the Isle of Biigen. — From Stettin, 
the well-known and favourite fast 
steamers of the "Stettiner Dampfschiffs- 
Gesellschaft J. F. Braeunlich, G.m. b. H." 
run to Sassnitz and thence viaTrelleborg, 
to Copenhagen, Stockholm, Gothenborg, 
Christiania. 

Departures: — from Stettin daily at 
11.30 a. m., Berlin 8.30 a. m. 

The principal buildings are: — 

The Municipal Museum, the Rat- 



67 



^ NEUE DAWIPFEB-COMPAGNiE IN STETTIN. ^ 

Regular Steamship Service behnen 
STETTIN and ST. PETERSBURG. 

Fast A.L steamer, elegantly appointed, supplied with every comfort and lighted with 

electricity : 

"OBERBORGERMEISTER HAKEN", Capt.: P. NICOLAI, 1250 tons. 

Fast A. I. steamers, comfortably appointed and fitted with electric light: 

"WOLGA", Capt.: R, SIMON, 1250 tons. 

"RHEIN", Capt.: R. HOPPE, 1250 tons. 

(On the outward passage, the first steamer calls at Reval.) 

Leaving Stettin every Sunday at sunrise. Leaving St. Petersburg every Thursday 

at sunrise. 

In favourable weather, passage occupies about 65 hours. 

Sln§rle Fares 



From St. Petersburg to Stettin: 

Cabin (including meals without 

beverages) Ro. 82.50 

Deck (without meals) .... Ro. 12.— 
Tweendeck on S/S Ob. Haken 

(without meals). . . . Ro. 14.— 



From Stettin to St. Petersburg: 

Cabin (including meals without 

beverages) Mks 70.— 

Deck (without meals) .... Mks 25.— 
Tweendeck on S/S Ob. Haken 

(without meals) . . . Mks 30.— 

Retarn Fares: 
Cabin (including meals without i Cabin (including meals without 

beverages) Mks 120.— | beverages) Ro. 56.— 

Children under 12 years of age, half price. 

Cabin passengers are allowed 100 kilogr. luggage free, deck passengers 50 kilogr., 

overfreight Mks. 8.— per 50 kilogr. 

Every passenger must be provided with a properly made-out passport bearing the 

"visum'* of an Imperial Russian Embassy or Consulate. 
On account of the early hour of departure, it is advisable to pass the previous night on 
board, tickets entitling passengers hereto: those, however, coming by the night -train 
from Berlin, are in tfme for the boat, provided they proceed on board immediately. 

Between STETTIN and RETAIi. 

Fast steamer "OberbOrgermeister Haken", Capt.: P. NICOLAI, 1250 tons, 

leaves Stettin every third Sunday at sunrise. 

Fares from Stettin to Beval: 

Cabin ^including meals without beverages) Mks 60.— 

Tween-Deck (without meals) Mks 25.— 

5175 Children under 12 years of age, half price. 

• t All ftartber conditions as for St. Petersburg. { m 
In favourable weather, the passage occupies about 50 hours. 
Frelflrbt Cliarares from Stettin to St. Petersburg, Reval and Moscow as per tariif ; 
from St. Petersburg and Reval to Stettin by agreement with the 

respective forwarding agents. 
For ftirtlier partlcnlars apply to: 



Carl Sander, St. Petersburg. 

N. Christiansen & Co., Reval. 

A. Warmuth, 94 Friedrich St., Berlin N.W. 

Christian Rose, SwinemQnde. 

F. W. Schick -Nauth, Baden-Baden. 

L. Rettenmayer, Wiesbaden. 

M. Kohn, 36 Prager St., Dresden. 



Internationales Reisebureau, Basel 

Rudolf JVlayer, Carlsbad. 

Bayrisches Reisebureau Schenker & Co., 

Munich. 
Horst Ulrich, 4 K5nig St., Chemnitz. 
Eduard Qeucke & Co., Ferdinands Platz, 

Dresden. 
Otto Mogk, Bad Homburg v. d. H5he. 



Tickets from all parts of Europe may be obtained at: 
Reisebureau der Hamburg -Amerika Linle (vormals Carl Stangen's i^eiseoureauj, 
Berlin W., Unter den Linden 8. Thos. Cook & Sons, London and branch offices. 

HD Rights of alteration reserved^ etpecfally of ohangei 
•"• necessitated In the time-table by unforeseen inoidentt. 

Die DIreotton der Neaen Dampfer-Oempagnle in Stetttn. 



haus, the Post Office, a Renaissance 
Concert Hall, St. James' Church, the 
Church of St, Peter & St. Paul and the 

Old Ducal Palace, a Ib^h cent, 
structure vi'ith modern modifications 
and renovations: it now serves as 
Law-Ck)urts and Government Offices: 
the clock tower contains the Provin- 
cial Museum. 

There are in the town also a number 
of statues, the best being those of 
the Emperor William I., by Hilgers, 
Frederick the Great (Schadow), and 
Frederick William III. (Drake). 

For ships of exceptionally deep 
draft, there is a fine harbour at 

SWINEMtNDE. 

POPULiHOH: 10^1. 

TISITOBSs 87,000. 

H0TBL8: K«rh«iia} BelleTve; CovTer- 
aatlonstaaaa; de Pnuie; Seectern. 

WlNB-BESTAVBAHTSt Kan Walllfeli; 
Wilhela TMptoir. 

V. S. CONS. AGT.: flutar Ladwlr, 
Esq. 

This town, which is bdooming a fa- 
vourite irateriiig-place, has two snorxn- 
ons moles and a fine light -house. It 
serves as the sea -port for the large 
vessels trading with Stettin; and its 
strand-promenade, magnificent Kurhaas, 
and large bathing-places render it very 
attractive, not only to the inhabitants 
of the Prassian capital, bat also to many 
other visitors. There is, moreover, an 
imposing statne of Kaiser William I., 
and, between the town and the sea, 
a sbady wood with dense undergrowth 
and Cfdled the Plantsge. Indeed, the 
town is remarkable tor its charming 
sylvan iorroundings and, in eonjonotion 
with its neighboor, 

HERING8D0RP, 

is the watering-place within the most 
easy reach of Berlin (4 boars). 

HOTELS: «Hotel Knrhaas", bean- 

tifnlly situated close to the sea and 

open all the year round, is tbe property of 

the Berliner Hotel-Gesellschaft (Kaiser- 

hof); Liademann's* 1^ class: Schubert's 

«d Hotely with caf6 and restaurant, 

den and terrace along shore, daily 

erts. 

KSTAUBANTi WUhelm Treptow, 
le-Bestaurant, 21 Culm St., is re- 
mended to visitors. 
ERINGSDORF is considered the 
't elegant, and is certainly the 
'est of the Baltic seaside resorts, 
ig on the Isle of Usedom, about 



4^9 mUes N. W. of Swinemiinde, it has 
been well - named the Pearl of the 
German Baltic. The town stretches 
for a distance of some three miles 
along the shore of the island, and 
is built on the gentle sloped of a 
double range of downs themselves 
surrounded by a chain of high hills 
densely over ■ grown with woods of 
beech, pine and oak. Its consequent 
sheltered position and remarkable 
combination of sea, wood and wold, 
impart to it the character of a 
climatic health-resorts so that its 
season lasts from early Spring far 
into the Fall. 

The resort possesses a landing- pier, 
about 1,400 feet in length, and called 
the Kaiser Wilhelm-Brucke. 

Heringsdorf has now a race-course 
opened in 1907. 

To the north - west lies the small 
but rapidly developing resort of 
Bansiu; while in the opposite direc- 
tion is the favourite watering-place 
called Ahlbeck (Hoi. Seeblick, first- 
class), forming the junction between 
Heringsdorf and Swinemiinde and 
possessing similar characteristics. 

Besides the numerous excursions 
through the woods (Knln, Langreu Bergr^ 
Wolgastsee at Ablbeek Ac.) there is a 
little island named Greifswalder Ole 
that has a light -house and harbour, 
and reminds one of Heligoland. 

MISDROY. 

HOTELS: Knrhaus with D^pendances 
Miramare and Stella Maris; Hdtel 
Eaiserhalley situated on the tront and 
near Pavilion; Hot. & Pens. Seeblick, 
l>t olass; Strand Hoi. with D^pendance 
Belvedere, !■* class family house, well 
situated near pier, electric light &o.; 
Vlktorla. 

BESTAUBANTt Wllbelm Treptow's 
Wine Bestaurant, 83 Berg St (Fost Off.) 
is highly recommended. 

MISDROY, on the north coast 
of the Isle of Wollin, may he 
reached from Berlin by express train 
in 5 hours. 

The great peculiarity of the famous 
situation of Misdroy lies in its falling 
on three sides to the broad open 
strand that separates it from the sea; 



while at the north end of the place 
and rising steeply from the water's 
edge is a chain of hills, covered for 
several miles with beautiful woods 
and forming a protecting wall against 
the north, the east and the south- 
east winds. This position, supple- 
mented by art, renders it possible 
to take complete advantage of the 
beneficial climatic . conditions offered 
throughout the year. 

It is to this exceptional situation 
that Misdroy owes its development 
into a watering-place of the first order. 
It is now the leading winter resort on 
the Baltic, the number of its visitors 
in 1901 having exceeded 13,000. 

6: From BERLIN, via STETTIN, to 

COLBERG, ZOPPOT, DANTSIC, 

K0NIGSBER8, TILSIT, POSEN, 

FRANKFORT- on-Oder, BERLIN 

(or vice versa). 

COliBERG. — POP.t 22,000. — TISI- 
TOBS: 1,»00 annnally. ~ HOTELS: Kii]> 
haae and Strandseliloss ; Strand Hotel; 
Bellerae; Victoria; Nenea desellsebarts- 
haus; dePnuse; Feman'f ; Hohenaollem ; 
dn Nord. 

COL BERG-, one of the most freqnent- 
ed watering-places on the Baltic, is an 
old Hanse town, and contains some 
interesting buildings, of which the most 
celebrated is the Marienkireliey built 
in the W^ and Ih*^ centuries and con- 
taining double naves. The beautifully 
painted ceilings also date from the 
14 tb century. The Town Hail is Gothic 
and repays a visit. On the market-place 
stands one of the numerous statues of 
Frederick Wiliiam III. by Drake. Here, 
too, is to be seen the house in which 
lived Nettelbeek, the hero who, together 
with Sohilly so bravely held the town 
in 1806/7 till the arrival of Gneisenau. 

At Kaiser PL is a charaoteribtic War 
Monument. Fine marine promenade 
(7 kilometres) from harbour to woods. 
Facine the strand is a beautiful wood 
named Maikuhle with good restaurant. 
Excellent fresh -water fishing in the 
Persante. 



ExoorsioM: To Kemniti (Vi hour by 
carriage). 
ZO^POT (HOTELS: Strand.WermiBg^ 

hoff, — both l*t elate) is a watering-place 
on the Baltic, much frequented by the 
Polish, aristocracy. On the strand, there 
is a sanatorium for children; while, quite 
near to Zoppot, there are many very 
eood restaurants such as Kaiserstuhl, 
Thalmuhle &o., all with 8f>lendid views. 
A very interesting trip is by rail to 
Bahmely and, farther, a toot tour through 
Sagorsehy Wilkelnshdbe and Sedanplats 
to KalserhShe, and through the Tenfels- 
sehlneht back to the railway. 

DANT8IC. 

POPULATION: 160.000. 

HOTEL: Contiaental, l>tola88, facing 
station, electric lights steam -pipes &c., 
reasonable. 

U. S. CONS. AGT.: B. A. Claassen, Esq. 

EN&L. CUUBCH: Heiligegeist-Gasse. 
Mr. F. S. N. Dunsby, 17 Weiohsel St., 
Neufahrwasser. — Son. 11.0. 

This once mighty Hanse town is 
picturesquely situated on the left arm 
of the Vistula. The depth of the river, 
combined with an extensive network of 
canals, enables the largest vessels to 
proceed into the heart of the town ; 
and, though the trade of the place is 
gradually sinking, vast quantities of 
Polish wheat and otlier commoaities 
are still exported. 

Dantsic contains many quaint and 
beautiful buildings. Its gabled houses 
date, for the most part, from the I6tli 
and ntt centuries, the best specimens 
being found in the Langemarkt and 
Langgasse, In the former there is 
a remarkable Hall, now used as the 
Bourse, and termed Arius-Hof, The 
interior rests upon four enormous 
granite pillars, and is decorated, in 
a most remarkable way, with mytho- 
logical carvings and paintings. Close 
by is the Town Hall, a splendid 
Gothic edifice, dating from the 15th cent. 
Opposite stands 5/. Mary's, the finest 
of Dantsic's 87 churches. It is a grand 
building, erected between the years 
1343 and 1502, and, besides its towe- 



M3I 



— ||DANTSie.|H 



Hotel ContinentaL 



Irt class. Opposite Station, filectr. Light New building. Steam Heating. Reasonable 
Charges. New Prop.: Rlcli. Duda. 

70 



(2.'»Gf««t), has 10 turrets and 3 large 
windows.' The columns in the interior 
are curiously vaulted at the top so 
as to produce really five naves and 
aisles. . There is here a picture of 
the ''Last Judgement" (ascribed to 
Memling) and a beautifully carved 
altar, executed by Michael Schwartz 
in 1511 — 1516. A few steps further is 
the Old Armory (Zeughaus), a stately 
edifice in Dutch Renaissance style. In 
the southern part of the town, near 
Triniias Kirche, is the Franciseaner 
Cloister, containing a Pictttre Gallery 
and a. ,Colleciiou of Antiqniiies. 

Opposite the Neues Thor there 
is a statue of the Emp. William I. 

KONIGSBERG. 

POPULATION: 220.912. 

HOTBLS: RerllBer Hof, 1«« class, 
Hdioiniog G. P. O., modem comfort; 
Deotsebes Hans, l>t class. 



OABBx 1 pen. 60 pf., 2 pert. 70 pf. 
3 per*. 80 pf.. 4 pers. Mk. 1.— ; Vt hoar 
00 pL'-lJ^ Mk.; after 10 p. m. increased 
fares; -^ tallies i&sued at station (of. 
Berlin). 

U. 8. CONS. AftT.: Alezaader Bck. 
hardtf Eitq. 

BATHS: is Steindamm; at KOttel- 
briloke; ia Oberteioh, at Rossg&rtner 
Thor. 

KONIGSBERG, as its name implies, 
was formerly the coronation town and 
capital of Prussia. It is a strongly 
fortified place situated on the Pregel 
close to its influx into the Frisches Haff. 
Its trade in corn, flax, hemp &c., 
though not quite so important as 
formerly, is still considerable. 

The railway stations are situated 
in the S.W. of the city near the river. 
Following its left bank for a short 
distance, we reach the Griine Briicke 
with the Exchange, a fine Renaissance 
structure embellished with allegorical 



Kdnigsberg i/Pr. 
I-* CLASS. 

Central, adjoining Q. P. Office. Carriage and Porter meet trains. 

5145 CENTRAL HEATINQ. ELECTR. LIGHT. LIFT. SHOW ROOMS. 

Famons Restaurant. Dinners at separate tables, 91. 1.50 and 2.50. 



l)otel Berliner l)ot 



figures. The bridge connects with an 
island containing the Rathaus and 
the Cathedral, the latter being a 
Gothic structure commenced in 1333 
and completed in the 16th cent. Ad- 
joining it are the old University, 
where Kant lectured and the Stoa 
Kan tf ana where his remains were 
originally interred; they now repose 
in a small chapel by the Cathedral. 
Leaving the island by the Kramer- 
briicke at the N.W. corner we proceed 
straight ahead to 

The Palace, a large edifice of great 
.ij interest, with Gothic tower, 
1 apartments, a museum &c. Close 
re statues of Prussian princes, 
ssing through the Post Office to 
."I.W., we visit the Altstddtische 
-he, and then walk on to Parade 
embellished with monuments to 
erick William III. and Kant. Here 
situated, the University and the 



Theatre; while Schloss St., running 
to the S.E., brings us to 

SchlosS'Teich, a lake about a mile 
in length, and here spanned by a bridge 
that gives access to the eastern parts 
of the city. These districts contain 
several public buildings; the most im- 
portant of which is the Stadtmuseum, 
an admirable collection of paintings. 



TILSIT. 

POPULATION: 36,000. 

HOTELS: PrlHi Wilhelm; de Bnssle. 

The peace of 1807 was ooncluded 
by Napoleon, Alexander and Frederick 
William IIL, on a raft below the bridge 
of boats. Near the bridge is to be 
seen the honse in which Frederick 
William IIL and Queen Louise resided. 
There is a monument near the Bathaus 
to Max von Sohenkendorff. 

POSEN. 

POPULATION: 185,748 (Vt aermans, 
Vio Jewg, % Poles). 

HOTELS: Stadt Drefdea; de Borne. 



71 



TiIl!:A.TUKS and pleasure resorts: 
,Stadt Theater, Wilhelm Plats, plays and 
operas. Zoolevieal Gsrdea and feld- 
sehloss C2a den, beyond the Berliner 
Thor; Sehilllog*8 on the Warthe, out- 
side the Sdiiiling^sthor. 

CABS, within the fortiftoations, from 
60 pf. to 80 pf. 

POSEN is one of the most ancient 
of Polish towns, and was the residence 
of the Kings of Poland down to 1296. 
It was also a member of the Hanseatic 
League in the Middle Ages. The Prus- 
sians, who took possession of it in 
1815, built the new part of the town, 
and rescued it from the low estate 
into which it had fallen during the 
wars. In front of the Stadt-Theater, 
on the E. side of Wilhelms-Platz, is 
a monument to the soldiers who fell 
at Nachod in 1866. The RaczyusM- 
Library (open daily 5—8 p. m.) con- 
tains 30,000 volumes, presented to 
the town by Count Raczynski. 

The Provincial Museum & Library, 
in Neue St., is open free on Sun- 
days 11.30—2, and on Tues. and 
Fri. 1 1 — 1. In the same street are the 
Military Head Quarters, a Monument 
oj the War 1870—1871, and a statue 
of William /. On the Schlossberg is 
the Royal Palaccy now containing the 
Municipal Archives. The Rathaus hav- 
ing been almost destroyed by fire in 
1536 it was rebuilt by di Quadro, an 
Italian architect. The Tower commands 
an extensive view. A covered bridge 
connects the Rathaus with the new Stadt- 
haus. Near the Rathaus is a large 
fountain. The N.E. is, for the greater 
part, inhabited by Jews. The beautiful 
square, *Am Dom*', is to the N.E. beyond 
the canal. Here, too, stands the 
Marienkirche, the oldest in Posen. 
The Cathedral contains a great many 
artistic treasures. 

On Kdnigs Platz is a fountain with 
a group of Perseus and Andromeda. 
Fort Winiary (Schilling's Thor) offers 
a good view of the environs and, 
being open to the public, furnishes an 
opportunity of seeing a great fortress. 

FRANKFORT o/Oder. — POP.: 
62.000. — HOTELS: eoldemer Adler; 



Doatsebcs Hans, — This town poasedsed, 
from 1G06 till 1811, a University which has 
been transferred to Berlin. The Theatre 
is on Wilhelms PL The "Ober** or 
Marienkirche, built in the latter half 
of the 18th cent, has a library con- 
taining a Bible with autograph notes 
by Lather and Melanchthon; and many 
interebting sculptures and paintings. 
The Lutheran Church, On the N. side 
of the market, was built In the IHtb 
cent. The tJntorkirche, built in 1625, first 
belonged to a Kranciscan monastery. On 
the pleasant Promenade ("Halbe Stadt") 
are two Monuments of the war of 
1870—71 and a monument to the poet 
Ewald von Kleist, who died here from 
wounds received at the battle of Kuners- 
d >rt (1750), and a monument to Prince 
Frederick Cbarles. The Gertraudten- 
kirohe, on the Anger, was built in 1876—79. 

7: From BERLIN via LIE6NITZ and 

BRESLAU to 
6LATZGEBIRGE & RIESENGEBIRGE. 

LIEGNITZ. 

POPULATION: 69,800. 

HOTELS: UantenaraBE; Prias Heia- 
rieh. 

LIEGNITZ, formerly the capital of 
the principality of the same name, lies 
at the confluence of the Katzbaeh and 
SchnarKwasser. The principal portal of 
the Scbloss, containing the Government 
offices, is built in Dutch Renaissance style 
(16 ^-i); the Hcdwifsthnrm contains the 
relics of 8t. Bed wig (d. 1248). There are 
monuments of the Princes of the 
ancient Polish Piast dynasty in the 
Chnreh of St. John (Rom. Cath.). The 
Kmp. Joseph I. fouuded the Bitter Aka- 
d«mie, which is near this Church. The 
Rntfaaus and the Theatre stand in the 
Ring, which has two quaint fountains. 
The Ciiurch of SS. Peter and Paul 
was built in the 14^^ century: it has 
a very antique ibnC. Near the Church 
is a statue of Frederick the Groat. In 
the W. of the town are the Grena- 
dier Barracks, the Military flospltal, 
the Deaf and Dnmb Asylom, and the 
Public Infirmary. Most of the heautiful 
promenades were formerly fortifications. 
A Monament of the War of the 1870-71 
stands on the Ziegenteich. 

BRESLAU. 

POPULATION: 470,018. 

HOTELS: Monopol; Boyal. 

CABS: Per drive in the town, from 
1 to 4 persons, 60 pf to 1 mk. 

POST AND TELEGB. OFFICE: 26 Al- 
hrecht St. 

GENEBAL OFFICES OF THE HAH- 
Blj BG- A II E BIC AN LINE: IS Sehweidnitaei 
Stadtgraben. 

U. 8. CONS.: Ernest A. Man, Bsq. 



72 



BRESLAU, with a population of 
about 470,000, is the third city in 
Germany: it stands on the banks of 
the Oder in a fertile plain. Dating 
from the time of the Romans, and 
containing seveial ancient and inter- 
esting buildings, it is a commercial 
place of great importance both on 
account of its extensive manufactures 
and of its wool and grain maricets. 

The city was once surrounded by 
fortifications, and the old moat still 
encircles the inner part of the city. 
Adjoining it are the Promenades upon 
which stand a number of important 
edifices. Beginning at the N.E. corner, 
close to the Lessing Bridge, we have 
the New Government Buildings and 
the ZiegelbasHoH with excellent view 
of the busy Oder. To the W. of the 
latter is the School of Arts and the 
Monument erected to those who fell 
in 1870—71* At the S.E. corner of 
the Promenades is the Liehichshohe, 
a watch-tower erected on the old 
Faschenhastion and surmounted by 
RaucJts statue of Victory, Beneath 
it is a monument to Schleiermacher. 
Passing the Z winger we come to the 
comer of Schweidnitzer St. Turning 
into it, we find St. Dorothea Church 
(14th cent.) to the left; the street leads 
straight through the middle of the town, 
past the Ring, to the Matthiaskirche 
and the Oder. If, however, we con- 
tinue our walk along the Promenades, 
we pass the Stadt Theater and the 
Headquarters of the Military, and 
come to the Royal Palace, leaving 
which on the right, we proceed to the 
Imperial Bank and the Stdndehaus 
at the corner of Graupen St. Opposite 
**■" latter is the new Bourse, a line 
hie building of modern date. Close 
in Wall St., are the old Synagogue 
the Elisabeth Cloisters. This 
et leads on to Konigs PI., where 
can return, on the other side of 
Stadtgraben (moat), to the barracks 
I Law Courts. Behind the last is 
prison, and, behind this again, 
Museum. The latter of these is 



a brick building containing, on the 
ground-floor, a collection of Silesian 
antiquities; while, on the first floor, 
are casts, an industrial collection, the 
library, and some 30,000 engravings. 
On the second floor is a collection 
of pictures, mostly modern. 

Crossing Eichhaumgarten , we 
reach the handsome new Synago- 
gue, standing near the end of 
Schweidnitzer St A car brings us 
to the Ring, a former market-place, 
the middle of which is occupied by 
the Stadthaus and the Raihaus, 
the latter being a 14 th century 
edifice which was well restored 
in 1888. The FUrstensaal is the 
handsomest apartment. 

Close by are the Pillory (1492), 
a bronze statue of Frederick the Great, 
and one of Frederick William III. 
On the western side, the Palace of 
the old Bohemian kings. Parsing out 
of the Ring at the N.W. corner, we 
find St. Elisabeth's Church, a very 
old building but twice > restored: 
the interior is interesting for its 
wood -carving, and windows and 
portraits of Luther and Melanchlhon 
by Kranach. 

Not far from the Ring, on the 
eastern side, is the Church of Mary 
Magdalene. 

On the Promenades along the Oder 
are the Ma/thias Kirche, University, 
Ursulin Cloister and Law Courts, 
the last standing close to the Sand 
Brucke, which leads across the Oder 
to Sandkirche (14th cent.). Close 
by the Church is the Dombriiche, 
by crossing which, one reaches the 
Kreuzkirche, a fine old building 
containing the tomb of Henry IV. 
of Silesia, 

A few paces further stands the 
Cathedral, parts of which are as 
old as the 12th century; while the 
interior contains many interesting 
chapels, paintings and statues. Not 
far from this building is the Bo- 
tanical Garden with an excellent 
Museum, 



78 



THE BLATZ AND QIANT HOUNTAIMS 4o. 

SAIiZBKlJIf Br (POP. : 9,000.-HOTBL8t 
Cvrhans; Demtoelier Adiec; Prenssisciiie 
' Kroa«)» was a ^ell -known spa in th^ 14ti> 
cent. Attorwards in disuse, it has recently 
regained maoh of its former celebrity, 
and now boasts 7.000 ^sitorf annually. 

eiiATZ (POP.t 15,0C0. — HOTEL: 
Weisses Laimm), a town standing on the 
Neis8& is strongly fortifted and posseases 
an Aid castle perched 900 feet above it 
The place is a good centre for doiniz 
■the Glatz Xeamtslms Whose principu 
point is the Sehveeb^rg (4,660 ft.). 

HIRSCHBEBO (POP.: 18,000. — 
B0TEL8: Weisses Boss; Schwan) is the 
most important commercial place of 
the Silesian Moimtains. In the S*. of 
the town are beautifni Promenades to 
the CsTalierberg. The Catholic Chareh 
(L4tb cent.) is in Gothic style. Near the 
Protestant Chareh is a curious echo. 

HEBBISDOBF (POP.: 2,600. — 
HOTELS: Goldener Stern ; Terein sum 
Kyaast) affords fine exeursions. A well- 
preserved ruin, the ^'Kynast'*, belonging 
to the Counts of Sehaffgotsehy rises 
above it. Korner wrote a ballad oh the 
legend connected with this castle. From 
the tower, a splendid view of the Hirsch- 
berg valley is obtained. 

SCHMIEDEBEBG (POP.: 5,200. — 
HOTELS: Prenssiseher Hof; Geldene 
Sonne) is an old tovm with only two 
streets, one on either side of the beck 
Eglits. The surroundings are picture- 
sque. In winter, the guides take visitors 
in their tobo^^gans up the mountains 
and down agam, the descent occupying 
only from 10 - 20 minutes. 

KBVBHUHVBEIi (pop.: 8,000. — 
HOTELS: Goldener Frieden; Angasta- 
Bad) is reached by a small railway from 
Zillerthaly and is the nearest spot from 
which the Schneekeppe (5,260 ft.) may be 
ascended, — the walk of about three 
hours, through the Melsergrnnd^ being 
very interesting and romantic 

WABBiBBlJNBr (POP.: 7,000. -^ 
HOTELS: Sohiraraes Boss; de Prasse; 
Besengarten) is a spa on the banks of the 
Zacken ; 8000 patients. It has thermal 
springs for bathing & drinking. The Prob- 
stiei contains a good museum & an exten- 
sive library of the Counts Qf Schaffgotsch, 
to whom the place has belonged since 1401. 
A beautiful view is to be had from the 
Kleine Spitaherg and the Weiriehsberg. 
On the Promenade* theve are a Gursaal, 
a Theatre and several shops (Ga)lerie). 

SCHBEIBEBHAV (POP.: 4,600. — 
HOT.: Lindenhof; som Zackenfall) is the 
highest village in Silesia (2,000 feet). Ihe 
head-quarters of guides for the Koppe is 
the Gasthans snr Josepblnenh&tte. A 
monument to the Emperor William I. and 
the high crag, Babenstein. Near this is the 
Josephine HStte, a glass-blowing works 



and the property of Cosnt Schaffgotsch 
(open 8—12 and 2-8). Olose by is the 
Hoehsteini affording a beantiful view 
across th^ valley in which the village 
lies. From here the asceut of the Biesen- 
gebirge may be well undertaken. 

GdBIilTZ (POP. : 83,682. — HOTELS : 
Yietorla; K$aig Wilhelm. ~ CABS: drive 
in town, 1—4 persons, 40 pf. to 1 mk. 
From the station to town, 1—4 persons, 
60 pf. to mk. 1.25. 

This town is situated on the Nelsse. To 
the right of Post. PI. is the Post Of flee ; 
on the left, the District Cosrts and a 
Fomtaln. The Kalsertmtsy a bastion 
(AD. 14d0) now used as a guard-house aod 
arsenal, and the Theatre are on the 
Demiani PI. The old Beiehenbach Tower 
and the premises of the Indastrial 
Society are opposite. A Monament to 
the War of 1830—71 is to be seen in 
the Pleasore Grounds. A statue of the 
Bsrgomaster Demiani on the Marion PI. ; 
and the Fraaenthnrm of the Ib^^ cent. 

The main part of the Bathans, in the 
Untermarkty was built in the 14th cent., 
the tower having been added in 1600. 
On the Markt Pi., there is a statue to 
William I. At the N. end of Peters St. 
is the Chareh of SS. Peter and Paul. 

The Armory is a handsome bnilding 
erected in 1003 for the reoeption of 
reliques and monuments of the Hohen- 
soUern Emperors. 

There is, on the left bank of the 
river, a good-sised park, with a Bo- 
tanical Garden, Band-Stand, monument 
to Hamholdt fte. Near it are monu- 
ments to Schiller and Prince Frederick 
Charles. In the N.W. of the town, 
at the Chnreh of the Holy Bood, is an 
imitation of the Holy Sepulchre at 
Jerusalem. GOrlita is a convenient 
centre for doing the Blesengebirge, and 
the Iser and Laos! t a Mts. 

ZITTAV. — POP.t 34,000.-^ HOTELS: 
SSehsiseher Hof ; Goldene Sonne; Sagel; 
Beicbshof. — CABS : From and to station 
60 pf.-l mk. — U. S. CONS.: C. B. 
Slocamy Esq. — BANK: FUiale der AU- 
gemeiaen Devtschen Credit- Anstalt. — 
Zittau is a manufaoturing town situated 
close to the Austrian trontier, and be- 
tween the Iser and Lausitz Mts. The 
commercial interests of Zittau are very 
larger as it is one of the principal cotton 
centres in Saxony. Its edifices, however, 
are less noteworthy, the town ha\ 
been almost completely reduced to aa 
by the Austrians in 1757. 

The most imnortant structures ar 

The Town Hally a handsome builc 
erected in 1845; the Johanne«m» now r 

a gymnasium, and containing a fr< 

Dietrich; St. John's Chareh, buut in 1 
Maseam of Antlqoitiest oooupj 



byu 

the aaseam or Anuqaities, oooupj 

a portion of the old Church of SS- P 



and Paul; a monument to Marsch 
tiie composer, bom here in 1705. 



74 



Berlin. 



62 Unter den Linden 



BERLIN 



Unter den Unden 62 



RESTAURANT HILLER 




Propr.: LOUIS ADLON, Court Purveyor 

393} ESTABLISHED 1864 

^^^ RESTAURANT _ 

DE LUXE OF THE HIGHEST ORDER 



74b 



BERLIN 

17-lBa Bellevue St. 

Close to Potsdamer 
& Anhalter Stations. 



HOTEL ESPLANADE 

Opening: Novbr. 1908. 

Most modern and fashionable Hotel Palace. 

Under the management of the 
5364 Carlton Hotel Ltd., London. 

Preprietors: Deutscha Hotel -Aktien-Gesellschaft 



BERLIN. 

POPULATION: 2,035,000. 

BERLIN, whose independence was 
crushed in 1442 by Frederick II. of 
the Hohenstaufen dynasty, became, 
in 1848, the residence of the Hohen- 
zoUerns. At the close ot the 1 6th 
cent., its population was only about 
12,000; while, during the terrible 
times of the Thirty Years' War, it 
suffered so severely that the number 
of its inhabitants fell to 6,000. But, 
with the accession of FrederickWilliam, 
surnamed the Great Elector, the town 
entered upon an era of prosperity: 
its streets, buildings and parks were 
vastly improved; and, at the death 
of the Elector in 1688, its population 
had risen to 20,000. The following 
monarch, who became King of Prussia 
as Frederick I. in 1701, continued the 
work begun by his predecessor and 
erected the so-called Friedrichstadt 
consisting of 300 buildings. 

In his days, too, were added the 



Kurfiirsten Bridge, with its cele- 
brated statue, the Observatory, the 
two Churches, on Gendarmenniarkt, 
the Armory, the Academy of Art &c. 
It was the influence of his gay couit 
which led to the introduction of Cajis 
and such like. Furthermore, under \h\^ 
king, the various townships of Berlin, 
Colin, Friedrichswerder, Friedrichstadt 
and Dorotheenstadt were united under 
one administration, and took the 
common name of Berlin. 

Frederick the Great did much to 
beautify the capital by adding a 
number of edifices, mostly designed 
by Knobelsdorff, to whom the capital 
owes its famous though unsightly 
Opera House. Another architect of 
the same century (Gontard) added the 
Domes on Gendarmenmarkt. It was 
Frederick, too, who converted the 
Tiergarten, which. till then had been 
a game preserve, into a park, and 
presented it to the city. 

The strong protection of the king 




KAISER HOTEL 

180 ROOMS. Friedrich-St. 176/178. i so rooms. 

MOST CENTRAL HOTEL OF BERLIN. 

Connectedwiththe«Kai8er-Caf«"and«Kal8erKelIer". 
The latter with numerous sections has a world 
wide reputation, and is one of the sights of Berlin. 

The 'Kalser-BufTet" Frledrloh St 176-77. under 
the same management, Is the rendez-vous of ^ 
society and is the finest Bar of the Metropolis. £ 

EVERY MODERN COMFORT. MODERATE TERMS. 



75 



and the consequent sense of security 
led to the rapid development of 
manufacture and industry, so that 
towards the end of the 18^ cent., 
Berlin was the chief centre of the 
silk trade in northern Europe, and 
gave work to some 2,000 looms. 
Moreover, the love of music dis- 
played by Frederick the Great and 
the , patronage which he extended to 
musicians, men of letters, and«artists 
drew to the place a large number 
of giant intellects: Voltaire resided 
almost permanently in the neighbour- 
ing town of Potsdam; Leasing and 



the, great philosopher Mendelssohn 
lived for a large part of their lives 
in Berlin; while Bach, Goethe and 
Schiller paid frequent visits to the 
city. The French Church (1701) 
on Gendarmenmaikt, as well as the 
French Lyceum, in both of which the 
chief linguistic medium is still French, 
witnesses to the freedom and the 
welcome accorded to foreigners; and, 
as may be seen in the names of many 
still-existing firms, it was the French 
exiles who introduced the various 
artistic manufactures- referred-to above. 
Thus, it is perhaps chiefly to Frederick 



GRAND HOTELdeRUSSIE 

(RUSSISCHER HOF) AKT.-GES. 

Direction: ARTHUR KAHNERT 

BERLIN gegenuber dem Centralbahnhof Friedrichstrasse. 

Weltbekanntes modernes Hotel in Berlin mit jedem Comfort 

100 Zimmer und 8alon» von s fiark an. 

Hervorragendes Restaurant I. Ranges. Conferenzt&le. 

Prachtvolle Fests^e mit besonderer Einfahrt. 

Jelegrammadresse : (Srancfrussie. 



the Great that Berlin owes its rapid 
growth and subsequent importance. 

When his successor, Frederick 
William II., ascended the throne, the 
population had risen to nearly 150,000. 
This increase necessitated a further 
extension of the city; and the Rosen- 
thaler & Stralauer districts were added. 
From year to year, the place grew 
in importance as a commercial, artistic 
and literary centre ; and even the inter- 
ruption caused in its development by 
the Napoleonic wars produced but a 
temporary check in its growth. The 
FriedrichWilhelm Academy of Medicine, 
the School for Veterinary Surgeons and 



the Artillery Academy took a leading 
place among the scientific institutes 
of the country; while in 1810, the Uni- 
versity at Frankfort o/O. was transferred 
hither. From the fall of Napoleon, in 
1815, onwards, the rise in the impor- 
tance of Berlin has been very marked, 
the development, since it became, in 
1871, the metropolis of the German 
Empire, being, in the old world, un- 
paralleled and the present population 
of Greater Berlin now numbering more 
than 2Vi millions. 

RAILWAY STATIONS: Friedrieh Si., 
throagh which the North Earopean Mail 
passes; Lebrter Bafanliof, Wnere the 
Hambaxg trains stop; Stefetiner Bahahofi 



76 






for Stettixi, Bostook, Soandinavia &o.; 
Potsdamer Bahnhof, for Potsdam, the 
Harz, Magdeburg and the Bhine; An- 
lialter Bahahof, for Frankfort o/Main, 
D'esden, Prague, Austria, Munich &c.; 
Goriitzer Bahoihofy for Cot thus, Gorlitz, 
ICiesengebirge. The Stadtbahn, in oon- 
ii(>ction wiih the Blngbaha and the 
Uoch- and Untergruad Bahn (electric); 
the first and second of these encircle 
the city and traverse it from east to west: 
tiie last runs from Stralaner Thor, 
vin Potsdamer Platz, to Charlottenburg, 
HTi( carries much of the local traffic 
of the city. 

CABS: At all the stations, the baggage 
is expedited to the cabs by the railway 
poiterf), it being only necessary to hand in 
the registration ticket. Close to the cabs 
is stationed a policeman, from whom a 
tally is obtained showing the number 
of the cab. This tally must be given 
up to the driver on taking the seats. 

'*6epiiekdroaehken'% with two seats, 



are advisable for very heavy haggage, 
the price being b5 pf. to Mk. 1.25. 

Taxameter Cabs are the onlv others now 
in use. The red figures on the dial show 
the Marks, the black ones the Pfennigs. 
Minimum price is 70 pf. After midnight 
the fares are doubled A large number 
of the oabfl are niw automobile. 

TB AH WATS: All have now been oon- 
verted into elrctrio lines, by which the 
city is traversed in all directions. 

OMNIBUSES run throughout the oity. 
Motor-busses are now being introduced. 



FIBST- CLASS HOTELS: Unter den 
Linden and neighbourhood:— 

Adlon, 1 Unter den Linden, corner 
of Pariser Platz, newly erected, opened 
Jane 1907, American style: ''Der Kaiser- 
hor», Wilhelms PL, this Hotel be- 
longs to the Berliner Hotel • Gl-esell- 
schaft and is furnished with all modern 
conveniences — patronised by Ameri- 



IMONOPOL hotel! 



S323 



BERLIN 

Adjacent to Friedrich St Station. Thoroughly renovated 
Up-to-date Comfort Suites with Baths. Rooms from 
Mks. 4 upwards. NEW MANAGEMENT. 



cans; Bristol* 5 Unter den Linden, 
American style; Grand Hotel de Borne 
k da Hord, B9 Unter den Linden, en- 
trance from Charlotten St., beautifully 
situated, with every modem comfort, 
electric light &c. &c. Purveyor to H. 
L & B. Majesty; Boyal, 8 unter den 
Linden, very comfortable, completely 
rebuilt, lift, baths, private apartments; 
Carlton Hotel k Bestanrant Astoria, 
Unter den Linden, one of the finest in 
the city; Westminster, 17/18 Unter den 
Linden; Baner (same building as Cafe 
■**-ner), 26 Unter den Linden, in the im- 
iiate neighbourhood of all sights of 
town, — rooms 2.75 to 6 Mks. (two 
) 6.60—10 Mks.) — no extras whatever 
completely renovated and fitted 
oughout with eleotr. light; Tietoria, 
Qnter den Linden, near the Boyal 
ace and other sights, with lift, eH^ptr. 
)t &c 

"21086 to Bahnhof Friedrich St:— 
ilontinentaly l*t class, opposite Fried- 
^ St Station, in the centre of Berlin, 
ecently renovated and well-recom- 



mended, with all modem comforts and 
excellent cuisine; Monopoly opposite 
Friedrich St. Station, suites with oaths, 
we 1 recommended; Grand Hotel de 
Basilcy iBt class, GeorjE^en St., opposite 
central station Friedrich St., a new and 
modern hotel with every comfort and 
first-class restaurant; Central, l>t class; 
Blite Hotel, 9 Neustftdtische Kirch St., 
adjacent to Station, quite new, very !■* 
class, 200 rooms with bath; Savoy, l*t 
class; Splendid - Hot., 92/93 Dorotheen 
St., iBt class: Sacb, 78/79 Dorotheen St., 
close to Station, quiet, well -recom- 
mended, moderate charges; Friedriehs- 
hof, 98 Friedrich St^ lift, baths and 
other mod. comforts, moderate charges; 
Bahland, 00 Mittel St., dose to Friedrich 
St., new, well-appointed, moderate 
charges; Frankfarter Hof A Helvetia, 6/6 
Mittel St., close to Friedrich St. Station 
and Unter den Linden, well-appointed 
rooms, modem comfort; J.Krahl-Kaettel*s 
Hotel A Pens., 6 None Wilhelm St., !•* 
class, adjacent to Unter den Linden, 
modem comfort, reasonable terms. 



77 



—^ 



F 



Friedrich St in the neighbourhood of 
Equitable Palace (American Consulate): — 

lLM.\%fit Hotel, 176/178 Friedricli St., 
j^ond hnu-^e in central spot witii fatnoas 
Kaiser Cafo and Rnisar K^tllet atta<r<licd^ 
the latter bein^ one of the sights of Berlin. 

Close to Pots darner and Anhalter 
Stations and environs: — 

£.<iplaqadti, 17— IHa BeHerae St., near 
Potsdiimer and Anha!tar Stations, to be 
opened tbia your, a vory line building, 
abenlutely l^tolass, unde^ manageim«ut 
of Carlton Jlotel. Ltd., London; Hott-l 
der Fttrstenlior (Potadftmnr Plata), situ- 
ated in tho iinoat part of the Cityt new 
liuilding litted in the most pertect style, 
hot &, cold water in every rtjom, apcirt- 
ment^i sin^^ie roomii i>virb private bath^ 
and toilette; Palast, l^-t class, opposite 
Potsdamer Station; Trins Albreelit 
1»* class, Prinj! Albrecht 8t., tranquil 
spot near Anhalter & Potstlaraer Stuticnfl 
and the Tier|3;fliton. same proprietor- 
lihip as WeUdcet Hiintff 1 Kranaen St.; 



WlttelflbacLer-Haff 05 Wilbelm St., clo^e 
ttj Anhtilter Station, ©rery mo<lern com- 
fort ; W il hnJm Hot, Pens., 1 14 Wilhelm St, 
reasonable terms, wvril rficommend'eidi 
Hot. A Pena. Ftitleborc, 4i,'4o Jerusa- 
lem er St., with 40 well-funiiahed rooms, 
bath, lift, good culsiuo^ 

Uotel Stadt Schwerln, IQ Eichendorff 
St, excellent family hotel in immediate 
nei ghbourhood of Ste-t li n er St ation, com- 
bines great com furt wit b nionierato rates; 
the beds are exceptionally pood & ibe 
hotel is rnuoh frequented by Americans. 

LAIHES' HOMKS:- 8 Vikloria Lnise 
PlFitz, 3i GeiftbejRr St., 9 Lipaer St. 
fKrttser-Allee), 32 Kurftirstendamm. — 
Office: 217 Kiiriiii-stQudamm. 

BOAROENfl-HOlSES: tou Finck, 123a 
Potsdamer Sl, a highly recommended 
and tirat-clasa bouse, with 43 rooms, 
bath, telephone and lift; DabBiia, Union 
Internationale, 70 U nter d en Li tiden, firHt- 
cIhss attendance, very moderaie prices, 
beautiful situation ; Besideas Fenulon^ 



BERLIN 



Hotel Prinz Albrecht 

9 Prinz Albrecht St. s^m 

Near Anhalter and Pi.>t5dam?r Stations. 



BERLIN 



Hotel Weisses Haus 

(White House) 
1 Krausen St , opposite Kempinski's, 

Near FriedrJch St. Station. 



iBt class. 
Modern oom- 
fort, Raoma 
rrQrnMk.2.50 

upwards, 
TranqyII 
iQcallty. 



Proprietor; 
Franz Brandtp 

By appolritmant to 
tho Courts 



33 Unter den Linden, corner of Char- 
lotten St.. I't class, every modern com- 
fortj itood cuisine; Gretsel-TOn Behr* 
2 Naue Wilhelm St. in cfintral position 
near Unter den Linden and Royal 
Hospitals; Bus eh 1t4 miner, 105 a Pots- 
damer St, l"t cjlaSH, with all moiiern 
comforts 1 patronirted by Americana; 
Ton Dersebau, lS4a Potsdamer St., I «* 
clftSB^ easy communication with altl parts, 
comfortable appointments, gornd table; 
Penc> A. Hoenke, 14 Pots lamer St., 
l>t clasSf lifT.. larfi^e and lotty roome; 
FrlT,-Peii»* Martba Iirii8r''rf '^ Karlsbad. 
l'-^ elaaii^ near Potsdamer Station and 
Tiergarten, lift, elect r. li^li?. (Sec, very 
tranquil & homelike; tou h{jit£f 106 Kur* 
fursten St., absolutely !■* class, nenr 
Station, Zro &c.; elecrric light, bath 
& other mode rn conveniences, cTcellenti 
cuisine; Plehn, 1 Kurfilrstendamra and 
Hfi Liitaow Ufer, close to Tiergarten and 
Zoolog^ical Garden Stations, excellent 
cniAitie, small separata tahles;"Berlln,WJ\ 
38/39 Kurftirstendamm, eleg^antly fur- 



' nished, electric lights lift &c., excellent 
table; Stinde, 257 Kurftirstendamm, new, 
l"^ cta$i3, in convenient situation facing 
Zoo; Hoi I, I Niirnberi^er St. & iOO Eur- 
fUrstenSt., faeini^tbe Zoo, l»t class family 
bouse, board optional:; ran Ui-aclLelDni, 
10 Keith St, conveniently situated near 

; tramway and Tiergarten, — auites, 

I bathrooms Ac; iDternatJonile, 6 Niirn- 

I berger St., !•* olasa, near 2ri>, well- 
recommended^ every m'i>dern con- 

I venience9;FraaDF. Marqaardt, iBSehaper 
St., close to Zool, Garden Station, Utclaa" 

• large rooms ^ excellent cuiaine^ bntt 
SteliiplmtZi, Ecke Ubland St,, vpry seh 
faniily bf^>UBe, own huilding, fine op 

I situation with every modern comfo 
convenient meana of conimunicatio 

: excQJi^nt references; Bertram, IJBUblan 
St., 'mezzanine and l"'^ floors, !•* cJae 

! electric liffh*, central neritin^:, bathi &c 

! Hrs. U. Konrad, 40 BleibtreuSt , I'tdag 
2 min. from Sjivigny PL, moilem coil 

, fort, board optional; Crampe, 34 Harder 
berg St., opposite tbe Zoo, ia a aelec 

i8 



family h»iise with all xDod«m comfort; 
- fiojM, 81/aa Banke St, 1*»o1»m, olofeto 
Zooloffieal Garden Station ; Fran Dteeetor 
Pnnefilan, 7 Rank* St, 1>* class family 
hooaoi modem oonyonisnces, board op- 
tional in Summer; Concordia, 16 Tfusn- 
aien St, entrance at 18 Kai burger St, 1 •* 
ol., conveniently situated, well managed; 
fttSsslngery 68 Angsburger St, high class 
family home, elegantly furnished and 
well situated near Zoo. Gardens. Tram- 
way and Underground to all parts; 
Fran Hsuplmaaa tob Bslluseek« 1 witten> 
berg Plats, near Zoo, admirably ap- 

S Dinted, l*t class cuisine; Pram Professor 
aumanuy 5 Kalckreuth St, U* class, 
. centrally situated, proyidiog home com- 
fort and care for young ladies and 
patronised by Americans; Badloff A 
BusUamd's Family Boarding House, 
8 Kleist St, commodious, conTeniently 
situated, l«t class; Stareke-Bettberg, 81 
Kleist St, well-recommended especially 
for cuisine; Onbner A Woblgesioth, 



84 Kleist St, highly reoornqsended 1 •» 
class house, conveniently sitosted, best 
references; Fran Dr* B« Kslender* 
4 Freisinger Stn !•* class, couTeniflmtly 
located, reasonable charges. 

Terelnlgung Berliner Psmsienbesltae- 
riaaen* 4&6SchadowSt A/lBJosohims- 
thaler St, is, for the stranger, an ex- 
cellent enquiry offlcf, though ori- 
ginally intended for the furtherance of 
social and busluess relations of its 
members. 

WmB-BBSTA1IBANT8t Binsi,6aUnter 
den Linden — (Fropr. Louis AdlonX 
aristocratic and exclusive establishment 
of very old reputation, exquisite 
French cooking, Bnglish grill, renowned 
wines; The Btaeingold, one of toe sights of 
Berlin, Potsdamer Plats, BellevueStrasse, 
the largest and most beautiful wine 
house m Burope^ excellent cooking; 
Badolf Dr«ssel» 60 Unter den Linden, one 
of the oldest and leading ot the residence, 
excellent cuisine, choice wines patronised 




BERLIN KW. 



3500 



K]l.lbflieferant 

BEBlItf. 



Grand H6tel de Rome 
^^ & du Nord ^^ 

Unter den Linden 39. 

Completely rebuilt and answering to the 
severest demands as a modern hotel. 



\ 



by royalty and best American society; 

Ksiserkof the leading restaurant in the 

renowned Kaiserhof Hotel on Wilhelms 

PI.; errand flot. de Borne* 89 Unter den 

Linden, entrance from Gharlotten St., 

music during dinner (from 6-9 p.m.) and 

after theatre from (10.80 p. m.); Bestsnrsut 

▲storis, attached to Oarlton Hotel, Unter 

den Linden, is a very select restaurant, 

music during dinner; Italian Bestsnrsnt, 

16/18 Tauben St., near Friedrich St, 

brilliantly appointed restaurant with 

A-rcellent cuisine, wines and other spe- 

lities, the concern being a branch of 

i well-known Cooperative Union of 

an, ~- concerts every evening; Kslser- 

letf one of the most beautiful in 

rope, good cooking, excellent wines; 

spinskiy Leipsiger St.. recently en- 

ced andre*appointed; Hsus Trsrbsefa, 

iren St, in latest style, interesting ; 

Bst Treppchen'', 66 Unter den Linden, 

class; TrsabCf Leipsiger St. 

BBILL BOOM : Kstserhof, a very select 

>m in the Kaiserhof Hotel. 



BBBB-BBSTAUBAITTSs Nttmberger 
BlerbasB Sieehea, 94 Behren St, ^ ex- 
cellent cuisine; Pilsner Urqoell ^Zmsi 
Klsassner" (oldest Ausschank of the 
'Burgerliches Brauhaus Filsen*, 64 Krau- 
sen St; Alt-Bayem, Potsdamer St, 
beautifully appointed. — In numerous 
parts of Berlin the stranger will be 
struck by Restaurants painted with 
blue and white stripes. These, as 
well as «flofbrinhaus'% 85 Leipsiger St. 
are the property of Asehtager's Bier- 
qnellea, A. &•; ^}^2 Best«>Botel Bnh- 
land, 60 Mittel St, strictly ritualistic 
and first-class. 

CAFKSt Baser, 26 Unter den Linden, 
elegant house, thoroughly renovated in 
1000. international resort, day and night, 
79 directories, newspapers from all parts 
of the world,— original pictures byAnton 
von Werner and Professor A. Herter; 
Vletoris-Csffiy 46 Unter den Linden, elec- 
tric light, lift, bftths, bilUard rooms &c., 
speciality:^ Victoria Lunch, 8 courses, 
with beverages, Mk. 1.35^ — billiards and 



79 



other jnmet, 500 newspspert; Kalter^ 
C»ft, 176/178 Friedrich St., bigBIy reoom- 
mflndecl alio for ladies; Opera, Unter 
den Linden, new; BonaBlaehea Caf< A 
Conditorel ^Kalaerlior', opposite Kaiaer 
Wilhelm Qed&chtniskirobe* near the 
Zoolo^oal Gardens. ^ 

COKFBCTIONBBS: Kraniler (celebrat- 
ed), at the corner of Tnter den Linden & 
Friedrich St.; Billbrteh, 24 Leipiiger St; 
Joatjr, Potsdamer PI. 

BAB8 1 Kaiser B«ffe«» 176/177 Friedriob 
St., same manag^moLt as Kaiser Hotel, is 
one of the leading of its kind in Berlin; 
American Bar, Unter den Linden ; Bols, 109 
Friedrich St.; Foeklak, 77 Friedrich St 

BAHKjS: Dealsehe Bank, oceapying a 
large block in Behren St, is one of the 
leading Continental banks, with branches 
in most of the larger towns of Europe; 
Biseonto-eesellsehaft, 48/U Behren St 
and b5 Unter den Linden. This highly 
recommended concern, with branches in 
. London, Bremen and Frankfort, does all 



kinds of discount and deposit bnmn«:«s; 
Bresdaer Bank, Opem PlHtz, w th nu- 
merous branch offices in Berlin and 
in various other cities, is one of the 
leading banks in Burope, and does a 
larg^e amount of exchange and o^h^t 
business, especially amr>ng Am4»ricHiis; 
A. Sehaaffkansm'scker BankTereln, 53 
and 64 Francdsische St. is also a hii^hly 
recommended bank, with head oifices in 
Cologne. 

U. S. EMBASSY I Unter den Linden, 
Hon. Gharleaiagne Tower. 

U. S. CONS. GEN.: A. H. Tiaekara, Esq., 
Equitable Palace, comer of Friedrich 
and Leipsiger Sis. 

BATflSs Adaiiralsgartenbady Fried- 
rich St, opposite Friedrich St Station; 
Karlsbad, "lib Potsdamer St 

ENGL.GBUBCHS St. Oeor^^e's Church, 
Schloss Monbiiou. Bey. James H. Fry 
M. A. Trin. Coll., Dublin, 7 Savigny Flats, 
Charlottenburg, Sun 9.0 a.m.; 11.0 a.m.; 
6.0 p. m. H. C. every Sun., 9.0 a. m.; also 



Carlton Hotel "" 
& Restaurant Astoria. 

■ Most Qeoteel Hotel Restaurant in ■ 

BERLIN, Unter den Linden. 



on l>tand 3rd San. at mid-day. Holy Days, 
9.0 a. m.. 11.0 a. m. Fri. 11.0 a. m. 2nA and 
4tb Wed. Children*s Ser., 8.0 p. m. 

AHEBICAN CBDBCH: Hots St.» Rev. 
Dr. Dickie. — The building is a new 
and pleasing straotare, designed by 
March of Charlottenburg. 

6ENEBAL POST OFFICES The Old 
General Post Offlee is at Kdnig St. and 
Spandauer St. where too, the Poste 
Bestante is situated. The New OfSee, 
a handsome building, is at the corner 
of LAipsiger and Kauer Stf. 

TBEATBES Ac.:— 

GPEBA&c: KSnigl. Opembau (Boyal 
Opera), Plats am OperDhaus: Nenes 
KSnlgl. Operntheater (known as <<Kroli") 
adjoining Kdnigsplats; Kosilsehe Oper 
(Comio Opera, but not devoted solely 
thereto), 104 Friedrich St adjoining 
Weidendammer Brttcke; Loztsiag Oper, 
Belle Alliance St 

OPERETTA & FARCE Aec: Theater 
des Westensy near Zoologischen Garten; 



Neoes Operetten Theater, 5 Schiffbauer- 
damm; Metropol Theater, 55 Behren St; 
Thalia Theater, 72 Dresdner St; Theater 
an der Spree (Deutsch-Amerikanisches 
Theater), 6^ Kdpenicker St; Herrenfeld 
Theater, 57 Kommandanten St. 

TRAGEDY & COMEDY: Kdnlgl. 
Sehansplelbaos (Royal Play-bouse), Gen- 
darmen Markt; Dentsches Theater, 18 
Schumann St.; Kammersplele, 14 Schu- 
mann St.: Lessing Theater* Friedrich 
KarlUfer; Neaes Theater, 5Schi£fbauer- 
damm; Nenes Sehanspielhans, Nollendorf 
Plats; Besidens Theater, 9 Blumen St.; 
TrlanOB Theater, comer of Georgen St. 
and Prins Friedrich KarlUfer; Klelnes 
Theater, 42 Unter den Linden; Lnstspiel- 
hans, 2i6 Friedrich St; flcbbel Theater, 
67/58 Kdniggr&tser St.; Berliner Theater, 
90 Charlutten St; Schiller Theater O. 
(East), 85 Wallner Theater St.; Schiller 
Theater Charlottenburg, Bismarck St.^ 
corner of Grolman St.: Friedrich Wilbelm- 
stSdtisches Sehauspielhaas, Chanssee St. 



80 



1 



other places of amusement are>- 

TABIBTT TUSATBE8: WintorfuteB, 
18 Dorotheen St.; Apollo Theater, S18 
Friedrioh St.; Pssfag* Theater. 

CIBCUSBSt Baach* Barg St., near 
Borse Station; Sehanaaa, Carl St, near 
FrieHrioh St. Station. 

COKCBBT HALLS: Sin; Akademie, 
am Foatnngiifipraben ; Phllharaionie(piin- 
oipally aynnpoony ooneerU), Bernbnrs:er 
St.; BeethoTea 8aal k Wolf'a neekateln- 
aaal, KotbenerSt.; Hoaart 8aal« NoUen- 
dorf Plata. 

SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTKSi Urania 
Theater, Tanben St^ where lectures by 
leading; scientists and men of letters 
aie delivered. 

AQUABIUN: 68a Unter den Unden, 
comer of Scbadow St, is a well-stocked 
and admirably- arranged institnte. Open 
9 a. m.— 6 p. m. 

Sport Ae.: The principal Hftcecowrses 
are:— 



HOPPBeABTKN,whioh may beraaobed 
in Va hr. by rail from Friedrioh St.Slatton. 
The raeas, which take place JErom April— 
October consist of the Spring, Summer 
and Autumn meetings and are attended 
by yery aristocratic cirolea. 

CABL8H0B8T, 50 minutes from Fried- 
rich St Station, is devoted principally 
to steeple- chasing, the race meetings 
being held from March to November. 

8TBAU8BBB&, new Bace-oourse, 1 hr. 
by rail from Friedrich St Station. 

Trottlag Baees take place at Weatend 
near Charlottenburg, and at Weissensee. 

CjellBg Baees *«• are held at Steglita. 

Football Batches at Tempelhof. 

SANATOBIAt Karbaas Laakwits, 

50 Victoria St., Lankwita by Berlin, is 
an admirably - appointed establishment 
under the supervision of Dr. James 
Fraenkel and Dr. Albert Oliven. The 
sanatorium is agreeably situated in a 



IHBERUNBE 



Victoria -Hotel. 

46 Unter dm LMbii. Corner of Friedrich St 

Rooms 2 Marks 
and upwards, Electric Light, 

515S 



Baths &c. 



Victoria-Cafe. 

46 Outer den Linden. Comer of Friedrich St 

sreciALiTY: 
Victoria Breairfin. Victoria SuDpor Ik. 1.25. 

500 Newspapers. 
Recently Inaugurated Billiard Rooms. 



pretty and healthy villa district with- 
in 2Dmin. of the metropolis (Potsdamer 
Bingbahnhof)> and has np-to-date con- 
veniences of every kind for the treat- 
ment of nerve complaints, digestive 
disturbances, alcoholism etc; 

Sanstorinm Sehlaehtensee bv Berlio, 
is a new and admirably appointed in- 
stitute iu a very quite part or Gmnewald. 
Air - baths, lawn - tennis, large park. 
26 minutes from Wannsee - Babnhof, 
Berlin. 

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTBSi Berlin 
is now one of the leading centres of 
education in Europe. Its university en- 
joys a world-wide repute and numbers 
many Amerieans among its thousands 
of students. Oriental languages are 
taught in a special Oriental Seminary; 
while in Charlottenburg there are the 
fine Technische Hochschule & the Hoch- 
schnle fiir Husik. On the 27th Oct. 1906 



another "Hoohsohnle** was added to these. 
On that day was inaugurated the already 
famous "Ilandelshoohschule" on the pre- 
mises adjoining the exchange. It is 
probably destined to draw large numbers 
of students from abroad seeking a com- 
mercial training of aUniversity character. 

Besides these, there are also a vast 
number of institutes of a more or less 
private character and of every variety. 

Fran Klara Hessllag's High School for 
Oirlsy 24 Dessauer St., is a l"«class insti- 
tute with Training College for teaohers, 
special preparatory oonis^s &o. 

Prof. Ida Lfirlg, Voice Trainer and 
Teacher of Singing, 9 Neue Ansbaoher St. 
Mrs. Liirig received her musical edu- 
cation in Germany and Paris, in which 
city, at the instignation of Mme. Marchesi, 
she afterwards settled, till receiving a 
call to one of the leading conservatorlnms 
of Bussia where the title of professor 
81 6 



XJl V £ 1-#1^ %3/\\/Xl 78/79hntlMM8,QiintitiP08t0ff. ^ 

' FMliioiiaMe, quiet house, founded 1865. Th«ro«^ly rcBovafvd. ElMtrUs LUht. 
Ground floor and l«t and 2nd floors. Very reasonable. Friedrich Passage, facing 
Frieddch St Station, leads straight to my hotel. — Tel. 1,1196. Frau Betty SdHiltx, prop. 



BERLIh 

60 Mittel St., adjacent 
-- to Friedrich St. -- 



Hotel Ruhiand 

NEW. SELECT. Rooms from Mks. 2.$0. 
- H. BRUMMNN, pro|>. - 



BERLIN N.W. 7 

93 Friedrich Street 

(opposite Central Hotel). 
Rooms from 3Vt ^^ upwards. No table d^dte. No extra charges. lift Baths. 
3195 Carl Neadeckcr. 



Hotel Friedricbshof. 



B^:^ Hotel Franlcfurter Hof & Helvetia 

6/6 Mittel St. 5/6 

2 minutes from Friedrich St. Station and Unter den Linden-. Central, tranc|uil, 
easily reached from all parts, o 70 rooms, completely re-appointed. Electric light 
Lift. Baths. Moderate prices. Reduction for prolonged stay, o Prop. : A. BrIldcrHiu 



I BERLIN S.W.48 

Hdtel Wittelsbacher-Hof "^ [ 

35 Willielm St. 35, facing down Anhalt St (close to Anhalter Station). Fitted with every 
modern comfort Electric Light, Lift, Baths, Hot-water Pipes. Telephone, Amt 6, No. 8396. \ 

J. Krahl-Kaettel's Hotel & Pension 

5 Neue Wilhelm St., BERLIN. ^ 

First-class. Adjacent to Unter den Linden and Friedrich Strasse Station. Electric , 
light Baths. Moderate charges. S165 ; 

Hotel <i Pension f ulleborn I 

BERLIN SW., Jerusalemerstr. 44/45 (DonhoffsplatzY 

Renovated. 40 elegantly appointed rooms. With or without board. Good cuis 
Reasonable charges. English spoken. Bath. Lift 3949 Prop.: ROSSG 

BERLIN, 114 Wilhelm Str. !»» and a'* floors. p.'£r,-*.?l!S;. 

Wilhelm Hotel Pension 

Comfortable rooms frqm 2 Marks. Board and lodging from M. 6. Baths, 
falephene: VI17946. EngL spoken. Proprietress, B. Herplc 

■ ■■ 82" ..•..- 



* 




Lederer's Stores JlcolTd^hSJ Books. 

70 Xurfflriten SL (comer of SchiU St.), BERLIN W. **♦' 

Grammars, Dictionaries, Classics &c. Boolcs on all sciences. 



Dresdner Bank 

Berlin, Dresden, Frankfurt a. M., London, 

Hamburg, Bremen, Hannover, Mannheim, Nurnberg, MOnchen, 

Altona, Baotzen, Bfickebnrs, Chemnitz, Detmold, Emden, Ffirth, 

Freiborg L Br., Qrelz, Heidelberg, Ltibeck, Meissen, Planen* 

Zwiclcaa I. Sa. 

R. Schaaffhausen'scher Bankverein 

Koln a* Rb., Berlin, Diisseldorf, 

Bonn,Cleye,Dalsbnrg, Dfillien, Emmerich, Qodesberg, Grevenbroich, 

Kempen, Krefeld, Moers, Neuss, Odenkirchen, Potsdam, Rheydt, 

Rnhrort, Yiersen, VVeseL 

Capital fully paid: 

Drefidner Bank M. 180 000 000 

A. Schaaffhausen'scher Bankverein , 145 000 000 

Reserve fund: 

Dresdner Bank « 0150OOO0 

A. Schaaffhausen'scher Bankverein „ 84 000 OOP 

M. 410 600 000 

^ Deutsche Orientbank ^ 

Capiat 16 000 000 Mark. 

Berlin, Hamburg, Constantinopel, 
^^' :: Brussa, Alexandria, Kairo. :: 

All banking business transacted in 

Turkey, Egypt, Bulgaria, Greece, Roumanla, Servia, Malta, 
Marocco, Persia. 

Deutsch-Sudamerikanische Bank 

I Banco Germanico de la America del Sud. « 

Capital 20 000 000 M. 
Berlin, Hamburg^, Buenos Aires, Mexico. 

Deutsch-Westafrikanische Bank 

Capital 1 000 000 M. 
Berlin, Lome (Togo), Duala (Kamerun). 



Si 



was conferred upon bet. Owioff to the 
reoant troubles id tbat coontry MrSs 
XiHrlg came to Berlin laat Antatnn. 

HaTt*§ i^eboal at Lan^D«|rei: Director ; 
Mr. S. Milton Urtitt Lecturer at tli6 
Haudelsbochscbule. ~- Grammatico-ooit- 
V[3<rs».tional method as uaed at the Hoch- 
Hcbixl& First-claee German teachers welJ 
veraed in fureig^n languages. 134 b Fota- 
daEuer St. , clo^a to Fotsdamer FL 



BAGfiA0E!: Edirid Franzbowlak, Far- 
Ward iug:- Agent, 68 Mot B St, & 37 Luitpold 
St. Telephone: Amt 6, No. 9789. Goods of 
aU kiods carefully packed and forwarded. 

BOQKI^: F. E, Lederet*» Baok Stores, 
70 Kurluraten St- All kind^of books both 
new and se&ond-band may be bad here. 

CHOCOLATE: frebr. Ktoll w^rck 'b 
Chocolate Factory. Wholesale and re- 
tail de^tnt, 81 Friedrich St., Berlin W. 

COS.TlKTrC PHE^PlHATIOTfS: The ¥er- 
efnl^ten t h^niUchen YVerkc, Act. €eSi, 
Chariot tenli'UriEr are the makers of the 
famoufl **Pf ell ring:'' LaqoIId, an admir- 
ftbl*" ointment for the complpxion. 



■m 



Prof. Dr. Bebletcli'Bolier Campamjw 
lOe/llO Gneisanau St,, ia the company 
in whose hands rtots tbti' manafactnre 
of Dr. SchUtcb'a celebrated "^Wfti puste" 
cosmetic!^. (See adv", on Back Cover). 

DBE8NE^ A CLOAKS: V. llati1t«tmeT, 
6 ami 7 Obarwall St.^ is a leading home, 
maniifactnring ladiei' cloaks^ lura &o, 
Estb. 1S39. 

B- Uni^ar:! Bd Unter den Linden, pur- 
veyor to the Imperial and Royal Court; 
bas a branob house here and at Garla> 
bad and ia highly re co mm ended fot 
f lire, ladies* garments && (See also 
Vienna). 

L. HIcbselli, 75 Utiter den LLudenit 
(Hans SehuUe), has constantly on band 
a choice selection oF the very latest 
novelties in Paris models for ooslnmes, 
cioabe, blQu^ee &o, of everj' deacription 
Conrt-robes and fars a specialty. 

Gaven sterner « 14L Fotsdarner St 
(PotBdacner Pi.) a hi(^b-clacs boase fur 
ladies' clothing, fi;ire&c. both ready-made 
and t'> measLire. 

Uslson WUliplm N< ipltzer. Purveyor 



Reisebureau der Hamburg-^merika Linie 



BERLIN W., 8 Unter den Linden. 
German Tourist Agency- 



1531 



RAILWAY and STEAMSHIP TICKETS 

.=^--^— FOR ALL PARTS OF THE GLOBE. =^^=^^^ 
Forwarding of Baggage — Insurajice. — Money Exchange. 



to the Coart of Austria, 60 liohren St., 
robes, court dresses, fan &o. 

DBUeOIST: LStsow-Droferley (Prop. 
O. Kdppner), 17 Keith St., celebrated for 
manutaotnre of "Email Oriental" for the 
finger-nails. 

FUBId: F. Hrnby's Far Warehonse, 26 
Jerasalemer St., a recommended house 
of this branch, having a large stock in 
capes, cloaks &c. 

eLASSftPOBCBLAINtF.A Sehnmaiis, 

107 Leipiiger St., is one of the largest 

china and glass warehouses in Berlin, 

"''^h nnmeroos novelties in decorative 

ery. 

[LLINEBT : Malson Hossaer, 27 J&e:er 
a leading house for millinery, veils, 
u corsets &c. 

*TICIAIC: Josef Bodenstoek's Optical 
bute, 101 and 102 Leipsiger St., in 
Bqoitable Palace. Spectacles, field- 
les &c. of all kinds. 
JTFITTKB: HerriasAn Hoffmann, 
t Purveyor, fiO/51 Priedrich St., is 
ding clothier, manafa'*turing high- 



class goods for ladies and gentlemen. 
(See Adv. Back Cover); 

A. C. Steinhardt, 10 Unter den Linden, 
a leading coiicern for ladies' and gentle- 
men's haherdHshery, hosiery dec. 

PHABMACT: One of the leading phar- 
macies of Berlin, & one specially adapted 
for foreigners, is the Bagel Apotheke, 
44 Kanonier St., whose proprietor is Mr. 
L. Zwettels. It is situated close to such 
aristocratic hotels such as Kaiserhof, 
Bristol, Kaiser Hotel &c., was licensed in 
1789, and enjoys a high renown among 
the public as well as in medical circles. 
Every speciality, native or foreign, is 
kept in stock or is obtained without 
delay. The speciality of the pharmacy 
is portable medicine chests of practical 
form and particularly suitable for tro- 
pical ^climates. Adjoining the homcso- 
pathio establishment are the chief 
depots of the Electro-homoeop. Institut, 
A. Sauter, Geneva, and of Burroughs, 
Wellcome & Co. The laboratory is de- 
voted to tests of all kinds, but especially 
to analyses of urine. 



85 



BVBBIB eOODS HANDFACTOBT: 
HAiarleh Mleraeh, G.m.b. H., 68 Fried rich 
St , every description of travelling 
articles, mbber boots, cloa)<8 &c. 

STEEL GOODS: J. A. Henekels, of tbe 
fsmoos '*Twin Works" Solingen, has a 
large depdt at 118 Leipziger St. The firm 
is known throngboot the world for its 
excellent mannractares. 

TBATELLlNe AGENCY s Belsebnreaa 
der Hamburg- A merika Linte^ 8Unter den 
Linden. Oldest and most important Ger- 
man Tourist Agency. Bail way & Steam- 
ship Tickets for all parts of the globe. 

The Malmo-Kontinenten Ballway Co. 
rans admirably conducted weekly tours 
to Sweden and Norway. Their amiable 



agent, Mr. Otto Hann, 15 Neustftdtisehe 
Sirch St., also arranges U* class cheap 
trips to all partg of Europe. 

TBA YELLING BBQUISITES: Merita 

Midler, Trunk and Leather Goods Fac- 
tory Lindenau-Leipsig, established 1860. 
Sale-rooms, 101/102 Leipziger St^ All 
kinds ot travelling requisites, first-class 
leather goods and novelties. The firm 
makes a speciality of patent trunks re- 
markable for elegance, durability and a 
lightness (50^^ less than ordinary trunk?^ 
wnioh effects a great saving in freigh 

UNDERCLOTHING : **Baxar" A'Ornberg, 
20 Franzosische St., is the pFincipal depot 
of Dr. Jaeger's underclothing, linen-mesh 
undergarments and other specialities. 



FORIER 




AUEIND 



IMPERIAL r 
RUSSIAN SABIES 
SILVERFOXES^ 
BABYUNBSi = 




T/IILOR 




OF FURS 



i-S^^^ 



TAILOR MADE 
DRESSES S 
MANTELS ^ 

jmrnmrnn 



R9BES &MflMTEflUX i» TR9IJSSEflUX FQURRURES 
CffiLSB/ID • WIEN • BERUN 



ALTEWIESE„EICHE' 



hKOHLMflRKT20. 



U.D.LINDEM 66. 



Gosehenhofsr * Boesleke, Court Pur- 
veyors, 68 Leiiisiger St^ established close 
on a century, is a leading German house 
for linen underwear and trousseaux. 



ABT INHIBITION, Alt-Moabit, adjoin- 
ing Bellevue Bahnhof, a building of iron 
and glass, where many of the finest 
paintings of Qermany, with a few foreign 
prodoctions, are displayed every year 
from May till October. The place is 
surrounded by pretty grounds, in which 
the bands form quite as great an attrac- 
tion as the pictures within. 

ABT GALLEBIES: Edaard Sehnlte, 75 
XTnter den Linden, a famous gallery 
opened 10-7 o^cIock, Sundays 10—2 



o'clock ; entrance fee Mk. 1. SeasonTickets 
Mks. 8. Keller A Belner, 122 Potsdamer 
St.. celebrated for ''New Schoor art. 
Arthur Dahlheim, U Wilhelm St. oils, 
aquarels, artistic objects, oriental 
carpets ^c. 

BOHENZOLLEBN KONST GEWEBB] 
HACS: H. HIrsehwald, Inhaber: Frlr^ 
mann A Weber, 18 Leipziger St., is a fame 
house exhibiting products of industrial i 
both antique & modern ; inspection fre 

EXHIBITION OF BOOKS A HAND. 
SCBIPTS: Martlm Breslaaer, 16 Untei 
den Linden, 1** floor, old and valuabh 
Americana. Incunabula. Early illv 
strated Books &c Well-knewn i 
America. Entrance free. 



BERLIN W., 63 Aogatiarger St. 



' Pension Stossinger 

High-class family home. 3951 



Moderate terms. 




BERLIN Vi^'agner MonnmenL 
87 




BERLIN, 50 Unter den Linden 50 

Wine -Restaurant 

Rudolf Dressel 



First-olass throughout (a la carte) 



5960 



All dainties of the season. Large stock of exellent wines of the 
best vmtages. Separate rooms of all sizes. Recently renovated. 



Sckntlflcany CradvcM lattltute for tHe cnitit 
EXAHINATIOir OF THE CTliS 

and the presicriptioii and manufacture of suitable 

spectacles and folders. (A special oculist is 

attached to the institute at Berlin.) ===== 

Rodenstocrs improyed glasses are the 

best for the eyes and for the protection 

and preserration of the eyesight. •«-* 

Optical Inttltata 2860 

JOSEF RODEN STOCK. 

Purveyor to the Court. 

_ ^ ^ , , BERLIN W. 8 HUiiCH 

XOdeastocks Inatitutei tnj^J j 1014102 Lelpzlger St. 3 Bayer St 

ycr1d-rukrt>nnwnf»rspe ciac[esj picd. glasses. Opera- glasses and Telescopes 
hare been, from the outset, i great speciality of the institute. These instruments, periectly 
adjusted and of the best quality and finish, are offered at the lowest possible prices. 




^^Ifffi^"^ 



ITALIAN RESTAURANT 



3941 



-^ !•* CuASS 



- - - near - - - 
Friedrich- street 



of the Cooperative Union of IS/lilan 
Berlin W., 16/18 TAUBENSTR. 16/18 

A PLEASANT PLACE TO SPEND AN HOUR OR TWO. 
Professional Kfinstler Concerts. Daily from 8 p. m. till 2 o'clock. 
EXCELLENT CUISINE AND WINES. ===== 



L 



A Walk through the City. 

Unter den Linden, with its two 
double rows of lime-trees forming a 
fine Avenue from Brandenhurger 
Thor on the W. to Schloss Brucke 
on the E., is the finest thoroughfare in 
Berlin; round it stand a great number 
of celebrated buildings. Walking east- 
wards from Friedrich St., we come 
first to the Academy Building on the 
N. side, an edifice erected at the close 
of the 17th cent., and shortly to be 



demolished, (cf. pages 81 and \Vi), 
Behind it are the old Royal Stables 
which face to Dorotheen St., and oppo- 
site which is the University Library, 
At the end of the a venue of limes rises 
a fine equestrian statue of Frederick 
ike Great, designed by Rauch: *the 
monument is over 40 feet in height, 
and the pedestal contains figures 
depicting scenes from the great king's 
life, togetl er with symbolic figures 
of Stoength, Wisdom, Justice and 



86 



MiTderalion. The other figures re- 
rre!5ent contempoiary princes and 
generals, poets and philosophers. 

The building to the N. of the 
statue is the University, once the 
palace of Frederick II*s brother. In 
foht of It are statues of Alexander 
von Huntholdt (Begas) and his 
brother William (Otto). 

Behind the University is a horse- 
chestnut grove, with a bronze statue 
of Harzer the chemist; while, to the 
N., across Dorotheen St., is a bust 
(^f Hegel. On the eastern side of 
the grove are the 'Sing-Academie' 
and, close by, the Treasury, Be- 
tween the latter and the ^'Linden" is 
the Royal Watch House, where the 



guards are stationed. It is a build- 
ing by Schinkel in Doric style. Next 
to it is the Armory, a handsome 
building, begun by Nering in 1695 
and completed by Schliiter and others. 
The second of these architects added 
the fine series of sculptures which 
embellish the exterior. The ground 
floor contains a museum illustrative 
of engineering and artillery. 

Opposite the southern side of the 
statue of Frederick the Great is the 
Palace of Kaiser Wilhelm /., now 
styled, by imperial edict, the Great: 
the building is open to the public, 
and contains the Emperor's study, 
some sculptures by Rauch, and the 
apartment of the Empress Augusta 



BERLIN 
Unter den Linden 16, 1*' floor. 



BERLIN 

Unter den Linden 16, 1*' floor. 



OLD AND RARE BOOKS 

MANUSCRIPTS 

MARTIN BRESLAUER 

PERMANENT EXHIBITION Entrance free 



&c. The whole building extends into 

iiehren St. behind the Royal Library. 

This is a Rococo edifice containing about 

1.000,000 vols., and some 25,000 MSS., 

including those of Luther's bible, 

Gutenberg's bible on parchment (the 

first book printed with movable types); 

Melanchthon's report on the Diet of 

Worms, the Codex Wittekindi, an Sth 

century copy of the Gospels supposed 

to have been given to Duke Wiltekind 

' '"axony by Charlemagne &c. On the 

ire in front of the building is a 

ue of the Empress Augusta sealed 

i chair, and a vase, called the Kaiser 

e, which the Empress presented 

ler consort on his 90th birth-day. 

ond it is the Royal Opera House, 

t by Knobelsdorff in 1742. It 

''^ains a fine group by Rietschel: 



the interior, which was thoroughly 
remodelled in 1895, is capable of 
seating 2,000 persons. In the large 
concert-room, symphony concerts take 
place throughout the winter. Behind 
the Opera House is the large catholic 
church of St. Hedwig, which contains 
some beautiful stained-glass and other 
tasteful decorations. It was built in 
1743—1747 in imitation of the Maria 
Rotunda at Rome. The square in front 
of the Opera House is adorned with 
statues of five Generals by Rauch 
namely, that of Schamhorst, erected 
1822; of Bulow in the same year; 
of Bliicher in 1826 and of Gneisenau & 
York in 1855. Opposite the armory 
is the Empress FriedricWs Palace 
joined by an arch to the Palace of 
the Princesses, on the other side of 



88 



Oberwall St Crossing the Sehloss- 
hrucke (designed by Schinkel in 1822, 
and embellished with 8 marble groups 
typifying the life of a warrior) we 
enter an island formed by two arms 
of the Spree. Only the southern end of 
it is occupied by private buildings, 
the remainder being devoted to royal 
aed public edifices. On our left lies 
the Lustgarten, with a monument to 
Frederick William III. in its centre. 
It is an equestrian statue executed 
by Wolff and placed upon an enorm- 
ous granite pedestal adorned with 
allegorical figures. Behind it is a gi- 
gantic j^raniie basin weighing about 



75 tons. It stands in front ol the 
steps leading up to the 

Old Museum, a fine building in 
Greek style and, indeed, one of the 
handsomest in Berlin. It was designed 
by Schinkel (1824) and has, in the 
vestibule, a statue of the architect 
and several other celebrities. Schinkel 
also designed the frescoes in the 
upper vestibule. 

The museum contains, principally, 
collections of antiquities, some of them 
being of great value. It also possesses 
a picture gallery, which has grown out 
of the collections bought from Mr. Solly 
in 1821 and to which have been added 



75 Unter den Linden BERLIN Unter den Linden 75 

EDUARD SCHXTLiTE 

FINE ART GALLERY. •"* 

BRANCH HOUSES AT DOSSELDORF & COLOGNE. 



a number of paintings from the Royal 
Collections. The gallery illustrates, 
very fully, the early Italian school and 
the Dutch and Flemish schools of the 
16th and 17th centuries. 

Behind the building stands the 

New Museum (Stttler 1843). This 
is a Renaissance structure of no par- 
ticular beauty; though the interior is 
sumptuously decorated. 

The frescoes are by von Kanlbach. 
The treasures of the interior consist 
of:— (a) Collection of Casts; (P) the 
Egyptian Museum; (f) Asiatic Anti- 
quities; (B) Engravings and Manu- 
scripts; and (y))the Antiquarium, with 
bronzesj terra-cottas, gems, vases &c. 

The National Gallery adjo ns the 



former building. Among its numerous 
collections, there are some gems of art 
which, unfortunately, are badly hung. 
The modern German school — compris- 
ing such artists as Liebermann, Bocklin, 
Lenbach, Achenbach, and von Menzel 
— is well represented. 

Behind the National Gallery stands 
The Pergamon Museum, opened 
on the 17th Dec. 1901. It is an inter 
esting structure in the purest Gree 
style, designed by Baurat Professo 
Fritz Wolff and specially built for th( 
reception of the art treasures excavate( 
at the sites of the three Hellenic citie 
of Asia Mmor, and so constructed a 
to permit of the Great Frieze from t 
altar at Pergamon being arranged 



90 



almost exactly its original order and 
with its original cast of light and shade. 
The main room, whose floor is 
depressed below the surrounding 
peristyle, contains the jnost im- 
portant architectural discoveries from 
Pergamon, which have been gradu- 
ally collected since — in the year 
1873 — the attention of the Prussian 
government was drawn to these 
wonderful relics by Carl Humann, who, 
in the year mentioned, presented Ber'in 



with the first large piece of alto-relievo 
from the acropolis at Pergamon. 

The north-west point of the island, 
where the two arms of the Spree meet, 
is now occupied by the 

Kaiser Friedrich Museum, a new 
triangular building with statue of 
Kaiser Friedrich III. in front and six 
courtyards within for the admission 
of light. The design, which is by 
Herr Ihne, must be characterised as 
an absolute failure. Exteriorly, it is 



iqhCIass tciJies' fashions 



(?ourf-?)p€sses 



(?osfumes 



fuP5 




BERun h.w. 

75 UNTER OCn LIMDEN 76. 



pOode.s' 
Sunsiiades 



Bfouses 



PefHeoaf-s 



2in^eries-<§l;ipl'waists 



an inharmonious conglomerate with 

a gable and two cupolas. A double 

bridge has been constructed from 

Wnnfergrahen to the main entrance; 

the approach remains mean and 

ghtly. The interior, though 

ned for the reception of already 

ing collections is as unsuccessful 

he rest of the building. For- 

ieiy, the collections themselves 

admirably arranged and of great 

'*»♦. and value. Herr Wilhelm 



Bode has laboured at them for many 
years; and, though he has been 
prevented by illness from carrying 
all his plans into effect himself, his 
colleague, Dr. M. Friedlander, has 
faithfully pursued the original idea. 
The chief collections are on the 
main floor. The rooms facing the 
Spree contain statuary and paintings 
of the Italian and Spanish schools; 
the Kupfergraben entrance admits to 
the German, Dutch and Flemish col- 



91 



■ ■■ ■ BERLIN W. ■ 

i9B Pension Steinplatz. 

""'"-' ECKE UHLANDSTRASSE (Own House) near SUtion ZooL 

■ ■■ Garden. Finest situation. High-class family bous*. 6S Rooms. 


■ ■■ 

■ ■■ 




r 

( con 



lections; tbe rooms facing the railway 
contain a few Flemish, French and 
Spanish works. 

Between the Lustgarten and the 
Spree stands the new 

Cathedral, a domed building of 
pleasing effect, though somewhat 
lacking in breadth of design. The 
entire structure, which is in Italian 
Renaissance style, has a height of 
300 feet, the dome having a diameter 
ol 100 feet The interior is very 
beautiful, and contains several paint- 
ings and other works of art by the 
foremost painters and 'designers of 
the day. 

Close by is Kaiser Wilhelm Brucke; 
while, facing the Lustgarten, stands 

The Old Palace (Schloss) a rect- 



angular structure, some 650 ft. long^ 
and enclosing 4 courts. It is 100 ft. 
high, and is surmounted by a dome 
rising to a height of 250 ft. though 
the form of the building detracts 
greatly from its elevation. It was 
begun in 1443, was extended by 
Caspar Theiss in 1 538, and has since 
received additions and alterations 
at various periods. Though rather 
gloomy in appearance, the structure 
is imposing, and includes some suites 
of magnificent apartments, the prin- 
cipal of Which are the White Saloon 
and the Picture Gallery, the latter 
containing portraits of the reigning 
house from a very early period, as 
well as one of van Dyck*s likenesses 
of Charles T. of England, and some 



Robes 
Manteaujc 
de cour 




Manteau]c 
Fourrures 



a a 



BBRUN, W, 



MON ^VILHCLM N. SPITZ£R 

(d« Vienna) 40li 

Foumisseur 

H h Cour tmpSrta/e •/ Royale d'Autrlcha •tc vte. 

60, NOHRENSTRAS8B. 



modern paintings. In front of the 
porch looking towards the Lustgarten, 
there are two fine bronze groups, 
called the Horse Tamers; they are 
by Baron Cloudt of St. Petersburg. 
In front of the building stands a hand- 
some Monument of Kaiser Wilhelm 1. 
This magnificent equestrian statue is 
by Reinhokl Begas and his pupils: 
the main figure is supported by a 
Bstal embellished with bas-reliefs; 
steed is being led by a female 
re of Peace : other recumbent 
res rest upon the steps below ; 
le, at the corners, there are 
e unrivalled lions. The whole is 
.osed by a colormade, which, 
/ever beautiful in itself, decide J ly 
'^ts from the effect of the 



monument, and is only serviceable 
as hiding the ugly ware -houses 
across Ih*? Spree. 

Our representation of the monument 
is a reduced reproduction of a photo- 
graph by the yjoWkno'wnPhotograpkic 
Society of Berlin, 1 Stechbahn. 

The southern side of the Palace 
faces Schloss Platz, embellished with 
a grotesque fountain, which one can 
scarcely believe is by the same artist 
as the monument mentioned above. 
Close by there is a new and t>eau- 
tiful building, where the Royal Stud 
is now housed : the fa9ade is adorned 
with some very fine sculpturing. 
Crossing the Lange Brucke we note 
the magnificent statue of the Great 
Elector: it dates from 1702 and is 



98 



Verekil^uni Berliner pensionbesiUerlnnen 

TERKEHBS-CENTRAIiEBr 

-. ^ BERLIN H.W.7, 4/5 Schadow St (Friedrich St Station). == 

BEHLINW.IS, CHARLOTTENBURG, 13 Joachimsthaler St. (Zoological Garden Station). 
Gratft tefermttion concerning boardlng-heuses of good repirta in Gorniany & ether oountriM. 
Organ of the Association "AUgemeine Rundschaa fOr Freniden 6^ PamiUen Pensiofun . 



1 



BERLIN, Unter den Linden 70 I., n. & m. floors. 

Pension Daheim, Union Internationale, 

Very moderate prices. Excellent cuisine. First-class attendance. Tourists 
accommodated. Teleph.: I. 87. Proprietress: Mr» Ida Sckmldt^ ■ 



Residenz Pension £? 



appointed rooms, 
outboard. Electric 

light, lift, telephone, baths. 

Excellent cuisine & attendance. 



BERLIN, 33 Unter den Linden H tafomauon «^uy^su^p^^«d. 
:: :: C«rner of Cbarlotten St :: :: 



Pension Gretsel-von Behr 

i"M BERLIN NW., 2 Neue Wilhelm St. 

Olose to Linden and Brandenburger thor. Tel. I, 8735. 

•Moderate Terms. Summer Season: Rooms with or without board. 

Pension ^^ berun w. 



105 a P«t8damer St. 



Busch hammer 

First-class Family House. '*" 

30 RMms. Lift. Central Heating, and ali otiier present-day Camfortt. 
Excellent References. Proprietress FRAU BUSOHHAIIMER. 

Pension von Derschau 

1** floor, 184a Potsdamer St., BERLIN W. 9. 

Near Potsdamer and Anhalter R^il. Stations. Easy communication with all parts of the city. 

It. Hoenke's FirsHllass Boarding-Houses, Berji 

M '" Potsdaraer St. (Lift). Close to Potsdamsp Platz. Eiery room It Jarie and loftf. _ 
WESTERLAHD (Sylt), W Paul St. fnim 1st Jurb tlinsth SBptoaber. [L 



94 



BERLIN W., Ranke Str. 7 

near Zool. Gardens and Tiergarten. 

Pension Frau Dir. Purschian 



First-class family house. All modern comforts. 
Lift., Terms from 5— 10 Marks; no extras. In 
summer season, rooms with or without board. 



S1S9 




BERLIN: 
Bismarck Monument in front of the Reichstags-Qebdude. 



95 



PRIV.-PENSION MARTHA KRUGER 

I UFT. ELECTRIC LIGHT. VERY TRANQUIL SITUATION. I 

I IN EVERY WAY MOST AGREEABLE AND HOMELIKE. I 

BERLIN, 1 06 KurfUrsten St., 2"^' & S'^' fl. Rear Zoo, Ondergroonii ft Tieroartoii. 

Pension von Spitz 

«— = prop. FRAU VON SPITZ ===-. 

ELECTRIC LIGHT. BATHS. GOOD CUISINE. 

Pension "Berlin W." 

m6 38/39 KurfUrstendamm 38/39 

Prop.: ELISABETH VON V'OSS. 

ELEGANT ROOMS. ELECTRIC LIGHT. LIFT. BATHS AT ANY TIME. 

Excellent table. Prices of rooms with full Board from 5 to 10 Marks. 

Convenient cofflmunicatlono to all parts. 

KURFORSTENDAA\n 257, BERLIN W. 62. 

M,s PENSION STINDE 

QUITE NEW. FASHIONABLE BOARDING-HOUSE. 

Facing the Zoo. Electric Light. Bath. Pleasant Family Life. Terms 6— 10 Marks. No extras. 

PENSION VAN HEUCKELUM 

16 Keith St., BERLIN W. 

Beautiful aituation near Tiergarteh. Electric cars to all parts. Terms according to 
location of rooms. Suites. Bathrooms. Best American References. 

behjlin IV. 

Pension Holz 

5170 / NUrnberger St. 100 I^urfarsten St. 

GROUND FLOOR. 

Opposite Entrance ZooL Garden. First-class family house. 

Moderate terms. Rooms with or without board. 



said to have been the first large 
bronze that was successfully cast 
It is of a most spirited design; and 
the figures surrounding the pedestal 
are exceedingly beautiful. Beyond 
the bridge, on the right-hand side, 
rises the 

Town Hall, an imposing structure, 
built of brick and tastefully decorated 
with terra -cotta and granite. The 
interior is very attractive, and con- 
tains some admirable works of 
art, the most celebrated of which 
is Werner's picture of ,the Berlin 
Congress of 1878. Admission to the 
building is free. Entrance to the 
tower is obtained upon payment of 



a small fee ; and as the structure 
has a height of 254 feet and occu- 
pies a central position, it commands 
an interesting view of the city. 
Adjacent are the Landgerickt, the 
Amtsgericht and the Klosterkirche, 
the last being one of the best me- 
diaeval edifices in the city. At the 
end of Konig St. is 

Alexander Plaiz, with \he massive 
and somewhat coarse statue of Bero- 
Una, typifying the city. The place 
is flanked by the Polizei Prdsidium, 
an enormous and imposing building. 
A new Amtsgericht, a magnificent 
edifice with two towers, now stands 
at the corner of Gruner and Neue 




5$ ceipziger St.. Berlin $.01. >9 ?^.tv,: 

go$cbcitl)ofer$Roe$iche 



ESTABLISHED 1811 



Purveyors to l)i$ majesty. 



Tirst-class Ready -maae Citien-wear 
for tmz%, Sentkflieii and ebiiaren. 
^ Speciality: Briaal Outfits. ^ 



Friedrich Sts. Passing down by the 
railway station, we reach the large 
Central Markthdlle and a Panorama 
of Sedan painted by A. vonWerner and 
Bracht. Following Neue Friedrich St. 
north-westwards, we reach the 

Bourse (Hitzig 1860), said to be 
the first stone structure erected in 
ern Berlin. The fafade is adorned 
a colonnade and a group by 
^egas. The Bourse is a very 
- one. Hard by is Circus Busch, 
nd which stands 
hloss Monbijou: in it is de- 
ted the Hohenzollern Museum, 
lamed because it contains objects 
♦— ^st connected with the reigning 



dynasty. In the grounds is the 
English Church, a small but elegant 
building, designed by Raschdorff. 
Leaving the grounds by Ziegel St., 
we pass various hospitals, and soon 
find ourselves at the northern end 
of Friedrich St. Behind the block of 
buildings opposite, stands Circus 
Schumann; while, to the left is 
Weidendammerbriicke, crossing which 
we pass Savoy Hotel, Friedrich 
Wilhelm Insiiiute, Monopol Hotel 
and Friedrich St. Station, and pro- 
ceed again to Unter den Linden. 

We now turn to the right to- 
wards Brandenburger Thor, On 
our left hand, we note several large 
97 1 



m^ Frau Dr. Marquardt 

5093 18 SCHAFER ST. 

CloM to 2^ological Garden Station receives in her High Clan Family Hoam a 
select number of paying guests. Large front rooms only. Excellent table. Bath. 



Pension Internationale 

6 NQrnberger St (2nd floor), BERLIN, W. 

lit CLASS. 520+ 

Frau Dr. Klatz, formerly of PMtloa 8«ld»l, Dretden. 

~ Berlin IV. 

Pension Bertram 

55 Uhland St, mezzanine and /** floors. 

First' class Boarding » House. Finest Situation. Elegant 

Rooms. Electric Light. Central Heating. Baths. Inclusive 

terms, 5—tO Marks. 

CHARLOTTENBURG- BERLIN W. ^ 

Mrs. H. KONRRD's F Class Boarding House. 

40 Bleibtren St. (l«* fl.), corner of Mommsen St., 2 minutes from Savigny Platz 
Station. Front rooms only. Inclusive terms, 5— 10 marks. Also rooms without board. 

o BERLIN W. o 

PENSION CRA/AFE 

24 HARDENBERG ST., facing Zoological Garden. Select family house with every 
modem comfort 3961 FRAU WRECTOR CRAMPE. 

PENSION HEYM » 

FIRST'CLJtSS 
51 1 52 Ranke St., I ^ 11 floors, BERLIN IV. 50 

CloMB to Bahnhof Xoologlscher Garten. Teleph.: Chariottenburg I049 

PENSION CONCORDI/ 

16 Tauenzien St. (entrance at 18 Marburger St.); BERLIN W. 5C 

Genteel family boarding-house near Tiergarten and Zoo, and close to electric cars ai 
High-level Railway. Prop.: Olga Erdmann, late manageress of Pension Herzbei 




■ DM 



■ D ■ 

nnrn 



BERLIN: Rafhmis. 



PENSION PLEHN 

KURFORSTENDAMM 1 (Corneliut BrOcke) and LOTZOW UFER 36. 

I \ BERLIN W. I I 

"s* Boardlng-House it Family Hotel of 1 s^ rank, 

olose to Tlergarten and Zoologlsober Qarten Station. 

Easy oommunlcatlon to all parts. Excellent cuisine. Dining-room with small 
tables. Rooms at all prices. Telephone: Amt IX, 6527. 



hotels and cafes and the premises 

of the Hamburg- American Line, A 

short distance beyond the last ib the 

Russian Embassy, built by Knoblauch 

840. At the corner of Schadow St. 

)ss the way stands the American 

tbassy. A few steps up the street is 

jated the Aquarium, Between 

adow St. and WMhelm St. is 

Home Office (Minislerium des 

em), a building in Greek Renais- 

ice style, designed by Emmerich, 

behind which rises the hand- 



some liriegs Akademie (^Military 
School). 

Unter den Linden terminates at 
Pariser Plaiz, whose southern side 
js occupied by Blucher's Palace 
and the Officers^ Casino; while, 
opposite, stands the French Embassy, 
The Square is closed to the W. by 
Brandenburger Gate, an imitation 
of the Propylaea at Athens: the 
Chariot of Victory by which it is 
surmounted is by Schadow; this 
was removed to Paris by the French 



80 



BERLIN W., 84 KUiat St. I«* and lind floors. 

Pension Gubner & Wohlgemuth 

Fint-class accommodations. Reasonable rataa. CentraUy locited. Near Elevated Statios 
•Nollendorf Platz". Best references. 3026 Rec by Rev. Dr. DioUt. 



1 Wittenberg Platz, BERLIN W. 62. Ziro^S^rs;^. 

Fnui Hauptmann von Balliiseek. First-class Pension. 

^ Rooms, elegantly and tastefully furnished. From ♦»/, Marks upwards, 0(1 
Q\ including full pension. Excellent cooking. Baths. Telephone. Qi 



BERLIN W. 

pension frau professor Naumann. 

5, KAlckrentb StriM«e, I«t, II»4 4t III»* floors. 

Between NoUendorfplatz and Wittenbergplatz. Easy access to all Points of the Metropolia. 
Moderate Terms. Highest References. Excellent Table. 

"""""""^ BERLIN W. 62. 

Radloff & Rumland's 1** Class Boarding-House 

3 Kleist St., NoUendorf PL, Communication to all parts by car and rail. — 20 Rooms. 

Board and lodging from 1 20—220 marks a month. Rooms from 2.50—6 marks a day. — 

Excellent references. Telephone, Amt 6, No^ 14198. 5100 



P 



BERLIN W., Kleist Str. 31 (1** floor). ">"> 

ension Starcke-Rettberg 

First- class references. E]ccellent cuisine. Telephone: Vl, 4462. 



Pension: Frau Dr. E. Kalender 

4 Preisinger St., l'*tl., 
«i> BERLIN W. 30 «« 

First-class Boarding-house for Germans and foreigners. Easy communication to all 
parts of the city. German, English, French, Italian, Russian spoken. 

REASONABLE RATES. 5321 EXCELLENT REFERENCE 



TKe Ladies' Homes, Berlir 

8 Vil^toria Lulse Piatz. 31 Geisbergstrasse. 9 LIpaer St (Kaiseratlee 

32 Kurfurstendamm. 10/11 Marienstrasse, POTSDAIM. 
5091 For Prospectus apply to the Office 247 KurfQrstendamm. 

100 



QL0USE8, SLOVES, A. C. STEINHARDT SHIRTS, QLOVES, 

SUHSHAbES, UM- „,-,„ p, .^C nilTlTiTTirD "ECKWEAR, BRACES, 

BRELUS, STOCKIMSS, HIGH CLASS OUTFITTER UNDERWEAR,C0LLAR8, 

SHIRTWAISTS, •Xo. BERLIN W. 8M1 PYJAMAS, eto. 



in 1807 but brought back by Bluchcr 
in 1814. It may be noted here 
that plans have been prepared for 
the removal of the various buildings 
adjoining the Gate, so as to open- 
out the perspective from Pariser 
Platzto theTiergarten, a delightful park 
presented to the people by Frederick 
the Great and bisected by the fine 
Charlottenburger Chaussee, through 
which electric cars run. Turning, 
however, to the right, we approach the 



Reichstags Gebdude (House of the 
Imperial Diet), an exceedingly beau- 
tiful structure in Italian Renaissance 
style, the elegance of whose pro- 
portions unfortunately loses by want 
of height; while the gilded dome 
disturbs the general chastity of the 
edifice. Nevertheless, the building 
is unquestionably the loveliest in 
Berlin; and the interior is finely 
decorated. 

It was commenced from designs 



Berliner Bquarium 

(Inter den Linden 68 a (corner of 8cbadow8tr«) 
KUhiy provided with interesting 5157 
Hnimals of both Land and ^ater 



Open from 9.0 a. m. till 6.0 p. m. 



Entrance: CUeekdayi I mark, Sundays 50 Pfg. Cblldren balf price. 



by Paul Wallot in 1884, is built of 
Silesian sandstone, and required ten 
years to complete. Its depth is 
430 ft, its breadth 490 ft, and the 
height of the main structure 88 ft: 
the towers at the four comers are 195 
feet high ; and the crown surmounting 
the lantern above the dome has an 
elevation of 227 feet The total cost 
approached five million dollars. 

he western or main fafade which 
5 Konigs - Platz, is ornamented 



with reliefs of the Rhine and Vistula 
on either side of the door, and a 
representation of St. George above 
it: a relief, having for its subject 
Industry and Art protected by shield- 
bearers, embellishes the pediment, 
above which there is a gigantic 
Germania, accompanied by two genii. 
The Diet Hall occupies the space 
under the dome, its dimensions being 
93 ft, by 68 it., by 42 ft. Besides 
this, there is the Hall of the Federal 



lubber Goods Manufactory 

Heinrich Miersch 0. m. b. H. 



BERLIN W., 63 Friedrlch Street 63. 
fclwdt of rubber qoocIs for travelling. = Rubber boots. = 

101 



Council, a reading - room, writing-, 
room, dining-hall and some handsome 
vestibules^ 

In front of the Reichstags Geb&ude 
stands the massive . statue of Bis- 
marck, designed by Begas and, with 
the allegorical figures that surround 
it, forming one of the most remark- 
able monuments in the metropolis. 

The character of the design is 
such that an explanation of the 
sculptor's purpose may not be out 
of place. Around the base of the 
structure are arranged a series of 
basreliefs in the characteristic manner 
of Bdgas, that is they are so model- 
led as to almost dppear sketched. 



and have a classic outline similar 
to what we find in early Greek and 
Etruscan art. They represent the 
growth of Germany embodied in the 
famous 'Deutsche Michel*. The first 
shows him as a child in leading- 
strings, tottering from a goddess to 
his mother, the Earth. In the 
second, he is lying on a bearskin: 
at a short distance appear Roman 
soldiers; while, bending over him 
is a beautiful woman endeavouring 
to rouse him from his sluggish 
sleep. In the next relief, we see 
him, a sturdy but somewhat rude 
figure, grappling with a number of 
youths, who represent the various 



5«2 = BERLIN, W. = 

9 NEUE ANSBACHER ST. 

Professor IDA LXJBIG 

OFFICIER D'ACADCMIE, PARIS. 

SEVERAL YEARS TEACHER AT THE 
IMPERIAL WARSAW CONSERVATORY. 

VOICE TRAINER. SINGING TAUGHT IN FOUR 
LANGUAGES. COMPLETE PREPARATION FOR 
:: :: :: OPERA, ORATORIO AND CONCERT. :: :: :: 



states into which Germany, prior to 
1871, was torn. 

Proceeding to the back of the base, 
we observe reliefs representing, re- 
spectively: — Michel running before a 
triumphal chariot; the goddess Bellona 
alighting from her chariot and handing 
a palm-branch to the grateful inhabi- 
tants; and, between these, Germania 
enthroned. 

The two reliefs on the pedestal 
represent, — the one, Bismarck being 
crowned with a laurel wreath, and 
the other, the bird of knowledge 
surrounded by the birds of prey. 

Behind the pedestal is a massive 
figure of Michel, moulding the German 



sword: in front of the pedestal, we see 
him bearing the earth on his shoulders, 
in typification of the expansion of the 
German possessions in Africa and 
Oceanea. On one side of the pedestal 
is Germania with her foot upon the 
neck of a tigress; on the other side 
is Fate reclining upon the Sphinx and 
with her book open before her. 

Close by and occupying the centi 
of Konigs Platz, rises the Column c 
Victory. The pedestal is omamentei 
with basreliefs illustrating the Franco 
Prussian War. Above them there is i 
colonnade adorned with mosaics exe 
cuted by Salviati from A. vonWerner'i 
designs* The column itself is sui 



103 



rounded with three tiers of gilded 
cannon taken from the Danes, Austrians 
and French. A figure of Victory sur- 
mounts the whole; and from the 
summit a fine view is obtained. 

On the western side of Konigs Platz 
is KrolVs Theatre, now royal property, 
and prinoipally devoted to opera : con- 
certs are also given in the illuminated 
grounds, hi front of the building 
there is a colossal statue of Moltke. 
A short distance to the.N., rise the 
premises of the Generalstab, a fine 
red -brick edifice, to which a special 
interest attaches, it having been the 
residence of Moltke. Close by stands 
a clumsy bronze figure of General 
Roon, War Minister, in 1870/71. It 



is superposed on an equally clumsy 
pedestal of granite. In the neighbour- 
hood there is a Marine Panorama; 
while, following the street called 
In den Zelten, we pass a number of 
favourite restaurants near the banks of 
the Spree, and, in a few minutes reach 
Schloss Bellevue, a royal chateau 
in a pretty little park, to the south 
of which lies the Grosser Stern, 
the central point of the Tiergarten. 
The Electric Tramway Co. has erected 
here four enormous statues typifying 
the "Chase". From this spot we take 
the Gr. Stern Allee almost to the series 
of ornamental ponds which border 
the south-western edge of the park, 
the largest being the Neuer See, A 



HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, 

including Preparatory Class for Training College, Teachers' Training 
College with Model School, Preparation for Supplementary Examination, 
Gymnastic Courses for Girls & Women, Training of Gymnastic Teachers. 

««" 24 Dessauer St^ BERLIN S.W.", 

close to Anhalter, Potsdamer and Ringbahn Stations. 

coii«rft«tion.Mj-2^p.i^; praa Klara Hessling, Principal, 



winding path, known as *'Der grosse 

Weg*', runs alongside them and cuts 

our route. Turning into it to the left, 

we follow the edge of Rousseau 

Pond to the statues of Friedrich 

Wilhelm III. (Drake 1849) and Queen 

Louise (Encke 1880): the latter, though 

corresponding in general design to 

the former, witnesses to the great 

progress of art during the 19^ cent. 

*' d by there .is a marble bench 

jented to the present Kaiser by 

wealthy citizen of Wilmersdorf and 

ring, on the back, busts of the 

oeror William I. and his generals. 

design is characterised by great 

of artistic beauty. 

I the year 1904, another statue 

unveiled here by the Kaiser. It re- 



presents the Emperor William I. as a 
youthful officer, the figure standing 
in an attitude of easy attention upon 
a pedestal of grey Italian marble, to 
which steps lead up as in the case 
of the two statues just mentfwned. 
The monument is a work of Pro- 
fessor Adolf Briitt's. 

Close by, in Tiergarten St., is an- 
other specimen of the statuary of the 
present century. Here, at the insti- 
gation of Coramercienrat Leichner, a 
beautiful monument was raised in 
the year 1903 to Richard Wagner, 
The structure consists of a base, sup- 
porting a pedestal decorated with Ro- 
manesque blind-arcades, the back one 
rounded to suit the form of th^ chair 
in which the main figure is seated^ 



103 



Wagner's face, turned rather too 
high, is seeking some harmony; 
the same idea is also expressed 
in the nervous movement of the 
left hand, and the flrmly closed 
right fist. Perhaps more beautiful 
than the central figure are those 
grouped around the pedestal. In 
the front there is a fine represen- 
tation of Wolfram von Bschenbach 
(said to have been designed by the 
present Emperor): at the back is the 
Rheintochter and Alberich the Dwarf; 
while, on one side is Siegfried lying 
dead in the arms of Briinnhilde, and 
on the other the recumbent figure 
of Tannhauser. 



deyond these statues and at the 
junction of Tiergarten St. and Bclle- 
vue Allee stands the new Rolands^ 
hrunnen, unveiled by the Emperor 
on 25th Aug. 1902. In a direct line 
northward from it runs the 

Sieges Allee, a fine broad road 
recently embellished on either side 
by statues of the various monarchs 
of Brandenburg from the earliest date 
down to 1888, the year in which 
the Emp. William I. died«^ These 
are a present from the reigning 
Kaiser and testify not only to His 
Majesty's munificence, but also to 
his sense of the artistic. The series 
of monuments has been executed 



Robes & Manteaux. Fourrures. 

EUGEN STERNER » 

BERLIN W.; Potsdamer St. 141 (n. Potsdamerplatz) 

High class ladies' clothing and furs 

Ready made and to order. 



by leading sculptors of the day, and 
forms one of the greatest attractions 
in the city; although the general 
effect is somewhat monotonous. 

Each of the statues is mounted 
on a marble pedestal approached by 
a few steps and standing upon a 
mosaic floor. It is shut • in from 
behind by a marble bench having 
the form of a semicircle and bearing 
the busts of two of the most famous 
contemporaries of the sovereign. 

The total number of monarchs is 
thirty -two; a full list of them is 
given below, beginning at the Column 
of Victory with Albert the Bear 
on the west side and ending with 
William I. on the east. 





Margraves, 


I. 


Albrecht the Bear 1134—1176 


2. 


Otto I. 1176-1184 


3. 


Otto II. 1184—1204 


4. 


Albrecht II. 1204—1220 


5. 


Johann I. Brothers & 1 220— 1 266 
Otto III. co-regents 1220—1268 




6. 


Johann II. 1266— 128 L 


7. 


Otto IV., with the 




Arrow • 1267—1""' 


8. 


Waldemar the Great 1308—1 


9. 


Heinrich the ChUd 1319— K 


10. 


Ludwig the Elder 1320— IS 


11. 


Ludwig II., the Roman 1351 — 1; 


12. 


Otto the Idle 1365—1 




Emperors 


13. 


Karl IV. 1373-n 


14. 


Sigismund 1378-1 



lOi 



15. 
16. 

17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 



26. 
27. 
28. 



Electors. 
Friedrich I. 1415—1440 

Friedrich IL, sur- 

named the Iron 1440—1470 
Albrecht Achilles 1470—1486 
Johann Cicero 1486—1499 

Joachim I., Nestor 1499—15^5 
Joachim II., Hector 1535—1571 
Johann Georg 1571—1598 

Johann Friedrich 1598—1608 
Johann Sigismund 1608—1619 
Georg Wilhelm 1619—1640 

Friedrich Wilhelm, thie 

Great Elector 1640—1688 

Kings, 

Friedrich I. .1688—1713 

Friedrich Wilhelm I. 1713— 1 740 

Friedrich II., the Great 1740—1786 



29. Friedrich WUhelm II. 1786—1797 

30. Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1797— 1840 

31. Friedrich Wilhelm IV. 1840—1861 

Emperor, 

32. Wilhelm I., the Great 1861—1888 

Near the end of Tiergarten St. 
there is a bronze statue oi Lessing 
exceedingly well executed ; beyond it, 
and just off Koniggratzer St , rises the 
Statue of Goethe, perhaps the best 
of Schaper's productions: the majesty 
of the pose is very striking, and the 
symbolic figures surrounding the 
pedestal, most admirable. Tbe Lowen- 
grnppg beyond it, is excessively 
ugly. 

We have now returned again to 



1879 



..Pfeilring" LANOLIN 

mdispensable 

for the complexion 



^^^iff PFE\L^^^ ^"^ ^^ ^ beautifier. 




within a few steps of Brandenburger 
Thor between which and the Tier- 
garten there lies a fine open space 
having the form of a half- moon 
with the Gate for a base and a 
marble balustrade for the curve. 
This latter is dissected in the middle 
by the Chariottenburger Chaussee, — 
equidistant from Ahomsteig and 
Rn«aens Alice. To the right of the 
issee rises the stately figure of 
Smperor Frederick, with busts of 
Blumenthal and von Helmholtz 
jither end of the surrounding 
lie work. At the other corner 
he Chaussee stands a similar 
le of the Empress, — the busts 
cing it being those of Zeller and 



In both cases the monumental 
structures fill up the entire space 
between the two other dissecting 
streets; while between these and 
Koniggratzer St. decorative fountains 
serve to give completeness to the 
whole. 

Passing through BrandenburgerThor, 
we turn to the right into Wilhelm St., 
which consists principally of Govern- 
ment Offices and the like. A short 
distance down it on the righthand 
side is the British Embassy, with 
the Staats Mittisterium opposite. 
At the corner of Behren and Mauer 
Sts., hard by, are the New Premises 
of the Deutsche Bank, an exception- 
ally fine edifice. Continuing down 
Wilhelm St., we pass, on the right, 



105 




1 



ZREDF.RICK THE GREAT. 



^^EmaiTOrientar' 

Is tlie besC enamel for tbe finWr- nails. 
Unexcelled by any Kimilar pre^ratlon. 

e«ld Medal. Paris, 1901. N 

Sole Maker: OTTO K0>PNER 

Anfflo-Amerlcan Dmsirist and Perfumer. 

17 Keith St, 17, BERLIN W. 

^—Mn== A vents wanted In all towns. -^ - 



lOli 



the Palace of Prince George with 
the fine!/ decorated house, oppo- 
site, belonging to Herrn Pringsheim. 
Next come the Minisiry of the 
Royal Household and the Imperial 
Home Office, facing the Residence 
of the Minister of Justice; beyond, 
the Foreign Office, the Imperial 
Chancellory, the Residence of the 
Chancellor and Palace of Prince 
PI ess; most of these may be viewed 
on application to the steward. Here, 
the street opens out into s^ square 
called WilhelmsPlatz, At the northern 
corner of the square rises the Palace 



of Prince Friedrich Leopold; while 
at the southern corner is the 
Imperial Treasury, The street to 
the right is called Voss St. At 
one corner of it is the handsome 
mansion built for Borsig, the intro- 
ducer of railways into Germany: 
the edifice is appropriately and 
tastefully embellished with sculptures 
by Beg as and others. At the 
opposite corner is the Ministry of 
Public Works. A few steps beyond, 
Wilhelm St. cuts Leipzig er St., the 
busiest artery of the city. Turning 
into it, to the right, we pass the 



ART EXHIBITION 

ARTHUR DAMLHEl/A 



ORIGINAL OIL-PAINTINGS 6 AQUARELS 
BY WELL-KNOWN AASTERS. :: :: ART 
OBJECTS IN IVORY, BRONZE 6 SILVER 



3945 



PERSIAN CARPETS OP ALL SIZES, PER- 
SONALLY PURCHASED IN THE ORIENT. 

44WILHELAST. 44, BERLIN W. 

===== PLEASE NOTE NUABERII ====== 



War Office, the Herrenhaus, the 
Ministry of Commerce, and the 
Royal Porcelain Factory — all on 
the left-hand side. 

Opposite the last are the largest 

general stores in Berlin. They belong 

to the firm of A. Wertheim, and 

have grown, during the past twelve 

rs, from insignificant beginnings 

their present vast proportions. 

I building has a long frontage in 

»ziger Street and a side facade 

rlooking Leipziger Platz. Archi- 



tecturally, this corner is the most 
beautiful part of the whole structure, 
and consists of an arcade of five 
arches supported on large square 
pillars, elegantly embellished with 
figures of a varied and merely sug- 
gestive character. 

Leipziger Platz, with statues of 
Count Brandenburg and Field- 
Marshall Wrangel is a fine square 
whose grand old lime - trees and 
beautiful bushes present a pleasing 
aspect — especially in Spring, The 



sneral Offices of the Hamburg- 1 Araenie Spa Jbevio O'Vetriolo 
»«riQan Line: 8 Unter den Linden. I (South Tyrol): WHT ^^ ^'^^i^* 

107 



large open space in which the street 
ends is called Potsdamer Platz: — 
to our right is the handsome Palasi 
Hotel; opposite is Bellevne St., 
leading to the Tiergarten; to the 
left is Potsdamer Station, in Konig- 
griLtzer St., down which we now 
turn. At the corner of the first street 
to the left is the 

Ethnographical Museum (Museum 
fiir Volkerkunde) a fine Renaissance 
edifice in pentagonal form. The collec- 
tions are very interesting, and include 
the relics excavated by Schliemann 
on the site of Troy. 

In the court, which is roofed 
with glass, are deposited a number 
of large objects, such as:— a copy 



of the celebrated stone calendar of 
the Aztecs, a Siamese statue, cast 
of the Holy Gate at Sanchi in India ; 
and two ancient German canoes found 
in the Werra and Weser. The ground- 
floor contains the Schliemann col- 
lections and a number of prehistoric 
articles discovered in various parts 
of Germany and Poland. The first 
floor consists of eight rooms, in 
which the collections are arranged 
geographically, the first two rooms 
containing African objects; the third 
and fourth, articles from the South 
Sea Islands; the fifth, Central and 
South American; the sixths Peruvian; 
the seventh , North - American ; the 
eighth, Mexican, The second floor 



Leading Pharmacy for Fbreigners, 

4- BNGEL ^POTHEKE + 

^^ BERLIN W. 

Close to Kaiserhof, Kanonierstrasse 44, close to Kaiserhoi. 



is similarly divided, and contains 
collections from East India, the 
Himalayas, Further-India, the Eastern 
Archipelago, China, Japan and Corea. 

Adjacent to it, in Prinz Albrecht St., 
is the Museum of Industrial Art, 
an imposing structure in Renaissance 
style, with a remarkable vestibule 
lOO ft. in diameter and circular in lorm. 
It contains extensive collections. 

Opposite stands the Abgeordneten 
Haus (Chamber of Deputies). Beyond, 
we re-enter Wilhelm St. and, turning 
to the right, pass Prinz Albrecht 
Palais, and continue in the same 
direction to 

Belle Alliance Platz, embellished 
with a Column of Peace, erected 



in 1840 and commemorating the 
anniversary of 1815; the figure of 
Victory with which the column is 
crowned is by Rauch. From Belle 
Alliance Platz, streets radiate in 
various directions. To the south is 
Hallesches Thor. Northwards opens 
Friedrich St. down which, on the 
left-hand side, is Apollo Theater 
Restaurant and opposite this, Re- 
staurant Friedrichshof and Ca^ 
Fri$drichshof, — both very favouril 
resorts. At the corner of Friedrich St. 
and Leipziger St. rises the Equitahl 
Building, a handsome pile, in whic' 
the American Consulate is locatec 
A short distance down Leipziger Si 
towards Potsdamer Platz is the 



108 



I^em General Post Office, a strik- 
ins ^^^ somewhat florid structure 
containing a very interesting "Postal 
Museum'*, This building stands at 
the corner of Mauer St., through 
which an electric tramway runs. 
In this street is Trinity Church, 
made celebrated by the oratory or 
Schleiermacher. The building stands 
Opposite Hotel Kaiserhof, in which 
the fashionable balls take place. 
Following the tramway lines, we 



turn into Tauhen St. where the new 
Urania stands: this is a scientific 
institute containing numerous models 
of great interest, and lecture rooms 
where leading men of science and 
of letters frequently give popular 
lectures accompanied by experiments, 
dissolving views &c. 

Tauben St. debouches on Gen- 
darmen - Markt, between the Royal 
Playhouse (Schauspielhaus — recent- 
ly renovated) and the Neue Kirche, 



27JAGERST. BERLIN JAOER ST. 27 

MAISON MOSSNER 

HIGH CLASS MILLINERY HOUSE 



PARIS MODELS 

FRENCH CORSETS 
CORSETS TO MEASURE 



1147 



The former, designed by Schinkel 

(1819), is royal property, and is 

embellished with groups by Tieck 

and Rauch. In front of the building, 

e is a mjonument to Schiller by 

as. The New Church and French 

rch, standing respectively to the 

h and south of the Playhouse 

i remarkable appendages in the 

>e of domed structures design- 

)y Gontard (1780) and serving 

ly to beautify the square. 

*he end of Tauben St. opens 



out Hausvogtei Platz, the centre 
of the cloak and allied trades. Its 
eastern side is closed-in by the 
Imperial Bank, a fine Renaissance 
structure designed by Hitzig (1870); 
it is built of coloured brick and 
adorned with figures of Industry, 
Commerce &c. Walking round the 
back into Kur St. we may visit the 
Royal Mint, whose beautiful frieze, 
executed by Schadow from designs 
by Gilly, is a representation of the 
different methods of treating ores 



loe 



and metals. In the neighbourhood 
is the General Telegraph Office, ' 
while southwards is Spittelmarkt, 
one of the busiest spots in the 
city. Here is the E. end of Leip- 
ziger St., turning into which we 
pass, at No. 75, the site of the 
old Abgeordnetett'Haus now re- 
placed by a handsome block let 
out as offices &c. Opposite lies 
Ddnhoff Platz, which, some few 
years ago an open market - place, 



is now one of the most beautiful 

squares in Berlin: the statue on the 

square is that of Baron von Stein. 

Outlying DItfricto. In the south 

of Berlin rises the only eminence in 
the immediate neighbourhood. It is 
an artificial sand-hill, named KreuZ' 
berg, 100 feet in height and formed 
from the material excavated during 
the laying down of the water-main. 
The elevation has been prettily 
laid- out, and is ornamented with 



^^^-S ^1 



JaQ« ]8th l7aL 

Grand Prixr Paris 1900; St Uuis 1d04, 





Gold MedaN OUsseldorf 1902. 

J. A. HENGRELS 

"Twin Works", SoUngen. mo 

CUTLERY 

Ift tha [eadliig brand. 

Note my trade -maik. Any articla JttX 
bearing the ■ twins' is fully guaranteed. ^'^V 

118 Leipziger St., Berlin W, 

Brfinch Depots: 
II Roasmarkt, Fruikfort o. 1, — 1 1 Joliannis St., Hamburg. — 144 Hohe St^ 
Cnlogne o. Rk — 7 WUadruffor St., DroBdeii. — 2* Karnthner St,, Vienna. 



an admirable artificial water - fall. 
The summit is surmounted by a 
Gothic obelisk, designed by Schinkel 
and ornamented with reliefs and 
statues by Ranch, Wichmann and 
Dieck. From this height a fine and 
unbroken view is obtained across 
the city. In the grounds, there are 
marble busts of the following German 
poets: — Riickert, Korner, Arndt, 
H. V. Kleist and M. Schenkendorf. 
At the foot of the hill lies Tempel- 
hofer Peld, where military manoeuvres 



and reviews take place. In the same 
neighbourhood is Hasenheide, con- 
taining the rifie-butts. 

In the N. of Berlin, in Alt-Moabit, 
stands the exhibition building of the 
Academy of Arts. Beyond it rise 
the handsome Criminal Courts, with 
a fine brpnze group in front. 

The western districts of the city 
are somewhat extensive. They con- 
tain several interesting buildings, and 
may be best reached by car through 
the Tiergarten, by the Stadtbahn 



110 



from Fried fich St. to Bellevue, Tier- 
garten Station and Zoologischer- 
Garien Station, or by the Hoch- und 
Untergrundbahn. 

The Berliner Zoological Garden 
is scientifically, the leading one on 
the Continent of Europe. The number 



of species represented has risen, 
under the present directorship of 
Professor L. Heck and F. H.Meissner, 
to over 1300. The collection of beasts 
of prey is unrivalled. It possesses, 
for instance, rare tigers from no fewer 
than siK different geographical zones: 



FIRST TR^DE HOUSE 



for 



SANITART UNDERCLOTBIIIO 

"Bazar" Hiirnberg 



3935 



BERI^IM W. 

20 Franzosische Strasse 20 

(Close to Friedrichstrasse, second shop from the corner). 



Outfitter for Ladies, Gentlemen and Children. 

Chief Depot of Dr. Jaeger's Underclothing 

Linen Mesh Undergarments. 

lOinbirg's tropifial dothes. lOrnbsrg's Cotton Uniiirwein. 
Best Silk, Merino, Half Wool Underclothes. 

— Speciality in fine hosiery and knit goods. Stockings in large choice. — 

Combination Suits in silk, wool, merino, gauze, cotton. 

Pyjama and night garments — slippers, bands, &c. 

White linen, cuinured and flannel shirts. Collars, cuffs, neckties, scarfs, gloves. 

Ladies' eqaestr/an tights — bloomers — pants & sJtirts, Ac, 

Shawls, rugs = blankets (caraelhairs, cashmires) & spencers. 

Sanitary articles made of catskin, camelhair. 

First medal for sports outfitter. 

EflgUsh apaken. On parte fran^ais. 

FOUNDED. 1859. 



imong them are four, which, being 
latives of northern regions, remain 
i the outdoor cages throughout the 
rinter. In the Deer Collection will 
e found the milu or David's deer, 
.smarkable for its strange antlers, 
ind which some few years since was 



unique in the park of the Emperor 
of China, but even there is said to 
have died out. Among the buffaloes, 
besides the American bison, one will 
notice its now almost extinct European 
cousin, which, with the exception of 
those possessed by the Tsar, is to 



111 



FRANZKOWIAK 

87 Laitpold St. 



EDWIN 

68 Mots St. BERLIN 

Telephont: 6, No. 97S9. 

Forwarding Agents. Paniitiire &c. forwarded ^^u^titd: 

of, Gennaoy. Glass and Porcelain Ware, Sculpture, Paintings and Wi 
careAilly packed and g:uaranteed to all places abroad. "" - -.- 



of Art 
All custom duties attended-to. 



be seen nowhere else. The collection 
of grallatores is very .complete, and 
includes nearly eveiy existing type 
of cranes and storks. The aviary 
contains some hundreds of cages, 
with l.SO varieties of parrots, and 
nearly 300 other sorts of exotic birds 
(among them birds of paradise): the 
arrangement is of a most systematic 
and instructive character, such as 
is to be found nowhere else in the 
world. 

The institute is, moreover, rendered 
doubly attractive by the beauty of 
the buildings and the grounds. By 
the employment of an exotic style, 
the exotic animals have been brought 
into harmony with their surroundings; 
and the best Berlin architects have 
thus succeeded in making the place 
architecturally interesting. 

The Elephant House is an Indian 
pagoda; the Buffalo House is Ameri- 
can Indian ; the Stork House a Japanese 
Temple; and the Ostrich House ancient 
Egyptian. Finally, the Antelope House, 
Monkey House and Aviary, are oriental 
in style; while, at the entrance in 
Kurfiirstendamm, there rises quite a 
Japanese quarter; consisting of work- 
shops, offices, and the highly original 
Elephant Gate. 

Last but not least, the Zoo is the 
rendezvous of good society; the 
children of the higher classes, who 
inhabit the West-End, are seen playing 
here every day: while old and young 
find recreation and amusement on 
the tennis-lawns and in the beautiful 
shady park which has been recently 
embellished with a Group of Centaurs 
by Reinhold Begas, (in front of the 
Antelope House) and with a Group 
of Nymphs in the Water Temple, by 
K. von Ochtritz. 



On fine summer evenings, thousands 
of visitors stream along the prome- 
nades near the band -stand where 
some 10*000 seats hkve been provided: 
the military concert is given by two 
bands of the Guards, playing alter* 
nately, and forms one of the principal 
attractions of the place. 

In winter, the excellent string band 
attracts, daily, a numerous throng in 
the splendidly fitted auditorium. 

In Kurfurstendamm rises the Kaiser 
Wilhelm Geddchtnis Kirche (Memorial 
Church). It is a handsome Romane- 
sque structure with a tower 370 ft. 
high, and possesses a most magnifi- 
cent and, indeed, somewhat florid 
interior, whose finest ornament is the 
altar-piece. The organ is electric and 
contains 80 stops and 4,800 pipes. 

Close by is the boundary between 
Berlin and the genteel suburb of 

CHABIiOTTEWBlJBG. — POP.: 

236,634. — HOT. : Park Hotel, opposite 
Zoologischer Garten Station, !■< class; 
Ffirst Bismarek, at the *Knie*, opposite 
Underground Station, only hotel in 
the Tier-Garten — a beautiful tranquil 
spot — every comfort. — Here, in Kant 
St., near Zoologischer-Garten Station, 
stands the handsome Theater des 
Westens; while a short distance 
northwards and separated from the 
'Zoo* by the Hippodrome, is the 

Technische HochschuU, a fine 
building, just outside the Tiergarten. 
It was designed by Lucee and 
Hitzig, and is a large structure 
embellished with various busts ar. 
statues, and fitted with all the latest 
appliances required for technica 
instruction and study. Two of th< 
statues, namely those of Siemens 
and Helmholtz, were unveiled in th< 
year 1899 in connection with th 
hundredth anniversary. 



112 



r 



Close by Bland two important 
buildings, viz^, the Kunstschule and 
the HochsckuU fiir Musik. The in- 
struction 13 in the hands of some of 
the leading professors of Germany; 
and numerous Annerican and English 
students are to be found here. 

Some distance further on rises the 
Royal Palace, a large pile of build- 
ings, commenced in 1695, and en- i 
larged by Knobeisdorff in 1741. The 
building is interesting, but only the 
suite of apartments formerly occu- 
pied by King Frederick I. is open 
to the public. To the right of the 
building is the Orangery, 10 minutes 
beyond which stands 

The Mausoleum, for which tickets 
must be taken at the palace. It 



is a Doric structure designed by 
Gentz. In the vestibule, there is a 
large figure of the Archangel Gabriel, 
upon which a curious blue light is 
cast by the stained-glass windows. 
Within the mausoleum, there lie 
interred the remains of Frederick 
William III. and of his consort 
Queen Louise, as well as of the 
Emperor William I. and the Empress 
Augusta. The finest sculptures are, 
perhaps, the recumbent figures of 
the first two, that of Queen Louise 
being remarkably fine. It was exe- 
cuted by the loving hand of Rauch, 
who, originally a gardener, was 
taught his art at the expense of the 
Queen. 

Another important suburb is that of 



Sanatorium SCHLACHTENSEE 

Dr. J. Weil. near Berlin. Dr. S. HanKiewitz. 

For nervous complaints, diseases of the nutritive and excretive organs (gout, 
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First-class. Recently built. f^^^z 

All modern comforts and latest contrivances for all physical and dietetic therapy, 
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reached from Berlin in twenty-five minutes. 

Telephone: Ami Zeh/endot^f 22. ^ppfy for prospectus. 

See also editorial notice page 81. 



SCHdNEBEBG, a rapidly deve- 
loping place with handsome Town 
Hall and Gymnasium. The Haupt 
Street, with its beautiful avenue and 
broad gravel walk, forms an ex- 
tremely pleasant promenade. 

EXCUBSIONSt Steamer trips are run 
on the Spree from Jannowits Briicke 
and Weidendammer Briicke. Indeed, 
the visitor will do well to take train 
to Spandau or Wannsee and join the 
there, the reaches in the neigh- 
hood of Potsdam and Werder 
g very beaatifuL On Sundays 
hoMdaya the steamers are over- 
bed. 
Gmnewald by rail is the favonrite 
J ot the Berliner; 'the stream 
coarsionists between Sehildhom and 
leirald Station on a fine snmmet^d 
ing gives a most admirable idea 
ae oharaoter of the people. Grune- 
«« a, small triangular forest of 



pines, enclosed by the Spree to the 
north, the Havel to the west, and a 
chain of small lakes to the sontheast; 
though, in som6 pai^s, it etretohes 
beyond these last. The highest point 
in the forest is the Havelberg (920 ft.), 
not far from which is Saubaeht, where, 
till recently, the wild boars were bred. 
The other favonrite spots are St. Habertas 
Bestanrant and lake, Hnndekehle» Paals- 
born, Onkel Tom's Hfttte and Sehlaehtea- 
see. 



To Tegel, ButmelsbiiTg , Grfinaa 
(with Begatta), Filedrlehsbagen with 
M&ggelsee &c. 

But, perhaps, the loveliest spot in the 
nearer vicinity of Berlin is Erkner, with 
the adjacent Bftdersdorfer Kalkberge. 
Bail from Friedrioh St. to Erkner; 
ferry to WoHeTsdorfer Sehlevse; and 
through the woods to Blidersdorf, where 
the finest country is to be found. 

Finally, there is the celebrated esE- 
cursion to Potsdaa (see route 18). 



113 



8 




^^ Royal Cathedral and Royal Palace opposite Hotel Bellevue ^^ 

^ DRESDEN ^ 

HOTEL BELLEVUE 

WORLD RENOWNED SELECT HOTEL 

.-. WITH BEAUTIFUL GARDEN AND TERRACES .-. 
UNIQUE POSITION on the River, facing the ROYAL 
PALACE, OPERA, Cathedral, and Picture Gallery 

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ELECTRIC LIGHT THROUGHOUT 
=== BATHS === 

Private Suites, also Bedrooms with Bath and Toilet 

attached. 

AUTO -GARAGE (SEPARATE BOXES!) 

R. RONNEFELD, General Manager. 



Ill 



8: From BERLIN to DRESDEN 
(SAXON SWITZERLAND). 

DRESDEN. ' 

POPULATIONS 61i.60a 

HOTELS (OLD CITY): Rellemey one of 

tlie finest and most celebrated hotels 
in Dresden, unique and beaatifnl situa- 
tion on the banks of the E.be, larse 
garden and terrace. Suites and single 
Eedrooms with bath and lavatory. Anto* 
Oarage. Patronised by Boyalty and 
high-olass Amerioan society; Seadlff 
Hot, Earopiiseher Hof, l«t class family 
house adjoining Central Station, patro- 
nized by Americans, American Bar; 
Saroy^ 1«* class, in best and healthiest 
part near Bismarcic PL, own grounds, 
— suites and single rooms with bath. 
Excellent meals, separate tables ooly. 
Patronised by leading American families. 



Residence of U. S. Guns. Gen., St. Jolin 
Oaffoey, Esq.; Bristolf 1st class house 
in best and healthiest situation on 
Bismarck Sqaare, with large shad^ 
garden, highly recommended by Ameri- 
can families, tavourable terms fo^onger 
stfiy; Continemtal, 16-18 Bismarck 8r.. 
opposite Main Railway Station, l>t class 
modern hoase, recently enlarged, with 
splendid garden, boarding arrangements, 
suites &c- with baths; Calen, !■< oaas; 
Weber's Hotel, I't class, beaatifull> 
situated opposite the most famous 
buildings, ~ electric light, bteam- 
heating, rievator, patronised by Ame- 
rican families; Weslminster, new well- 
appointed house, by railway station, 
suites and single rooms with bath, 
every modem comfort ; Hotel and 
Bestanrant Hobensollernhof , central 
position, every modern comfort 

B0ABDIN6- HOUSES: Pension Ylha 
Lfiderits, 8 Kohlschiitter St., refine t 
German home in beautiful steam- heated 



PROELSS 

sen. seel. S5hne Nachf. 

DRESDEN 

corner See and Waisenhaus Streets. ^^ 

Saxon Damask Table Linen of all kinds. 



!•* RATE 
LINEN- 
HOUSE. 



FOUNDED 

IN 

1728. 



TiUa, close to Central Bail way station; 
Pension von Brlesen, Villa, 11 Bende- 
mann St, !•* class boarding-house in 
best and healthiest part of Dresden, 
villa with all modem improvements, 
Bngliah and Amerioan oooklng, conver- 
sation in English, French and North 
German, — patronised by American 
iamilies; Pension ron Qertseay 26 
Beiohs St, !■* class, in healthy and 
agreeable ■ituation, spacious, com- 
fortable and sunny rooms; Pension 
Bleehy 7 Ammon St, 2 mln. from 
tral-station, 1** class boarding-house, 
\ large garden, heated corridors, 
onised by best American society, — 
irietress. Miss Maria Blech, speaks 
eot Bngliah; Pension GSraemann, 
liehs St, eentral situation, trams to 
■a, galleries &o., oomfortable, — good 
e; Pension Bdelmanay k Beichs St., 
position in Amerioan Quarter, very 
iass; Pension Tlefteriat 86 Schnorr St., 
)rican Quarter first -class, well- 
laged, patronised by Americans; 



Pension Donatb, IBLtlttichau St, comer 
of Struve St, best central situation, 
re*fitted, best references, patronised 
by Americans; Pension Hahneffeld, 
28 Ltlttichau St, ground and l>t floors, 
large sunny and pleasant rooms, 
good table, well-recommended; Pension 
Meineke, 68 Prager St., a gardened villa 
facing station, oomfortable appoint- 
ments, good cuisine; Pension Fran von 
Snekowy 15/17 Uhland St, l*t floor, iBtolass 
house near Central Station, cars direct to 
G^leries, Museums, Opera &o^ reason- 
able charges, good cuisine; Pension 
Ualty, 26 LtitUchau St, l*«floor, first- 
class boarding-house in quiet positian, 
near the Oentral Station, — excellent 
cooking, bluest references; Pension 
Froelleli, 18 Werder St, well-situated, 
good board and oomfortable lodging; 
Pension Loossy 25 Sedan St., l*t floor, 
l«t class, conveniently situated, roomy, 
sunny and oomfortable. 

WINB-BESTAUBANT8: Tledemann k 
Grab! , 9 See St., ground and l«tflodrs. 



115 



AH delicacl«B of tb« season, patronised hj 

OB BrQlii Temce, well-known tar its 
mag:iiitlc!«at sititatioDi yiaw and ibady 
gard€^, — beer on dran^ht^ 

C4IES: CenlTBl IliflBtM} K^mlg^ 
LlmberitT Belreder^^. 

CABS: Vi hoar &0— BO pU Va hotir 
90 pi. to 1.40 Mk. 

BiNi£B; [>flati«he Bank, one oT the 
latg^ejt in 'Europe^ witb brancVies in 
leading town I); B^esdn^f Bank, SKonig- 
Johann St., is warmly recommended for 
all kUids of banking DudneiiS, eBpecially 
for exeh^nge and deposit alfuir^ and the 
ouHbodj of vftlnablea, — Briaeh Office, 
89 Frager St.; AlJff«in«litn Dentsefae Cre- 
dlt-Amtalt in a Ifiading firoi of excelLent 
repQte with be ad otHeea in Leip^ie. 

V, S. CONS, 6£!r. ; T. St. John ^afTaer, 
Esq,, 3d Ltltticbau St. Office HoBrs 10 -L 

BATHS: Bad A]h?rt$hof. ImQ.enee 
SwinnDing-Hall of Carrara Marble 
Saloon and warm baths. Carbonic -acid 
BathB a speciality, K^llei-^B Syntom. 
Buasian, Bo man, Iribib Ba^bs unique of 
their kind, h^rdro- therapeutic depart^ 
ment, electriC'llgbt baths. 



ENGL. CH1J6CH: All Satata* Clmreb. 

Chaplam: Rev, Cbaa- A. Moore, IL A. &a. 
All BaiQta* Parsonage, GustaT Adolf St 
Sun. 8.0arm, 11.0a. m^ U.W, n.^0; SS.llO, 
430, Daily aO. B. C. Sun. 8L0 and ni^on; 
SS, 8.0; Qr. Fest. 7.0 p. m. 

A M fiBlC. CO U aCK : Corner of Berg St. 
and Keichsplata. ^ Paator^ B>ev. Jobs 
b\ Bntterworth, It. A. ^ Bei^vioaa at 
ILO a. m. and 5.S0 p. m. 

SCOTCH CHUBCH: 2 Bernhard St., 
Iter. J. D- Eowdeo, 11 b^, m- and B p. m. 

^HBATUE^; BOfal Op^ra Bouse, bailb 
1870-78 by Semper, and opened Febr. 4*t 
1H7@, ia capably ot' Seating l,tiOQ persons 
Wagner's Operas are performed here, 
the Nibeli^ng Qyclns being gtren in 
.viiircb, June, Sept. and Deu. Vacation 
fr.jm begin Ding of July till tniddie of 
[Augtist; Bo|al riafhoiiae (Nenatadt), 
opened on the 20 th Sept. 187^1 iB 
capable of accommodating 1,800 per- 
aons, — oIa»sicai and modera pieces 
ar*i given. Vatiation from end of June 
tin middle of Sept. 

Eeaideni*Tbtater; Vaiide ville,Operetta 
and fafce. 



I 



DRESDEN-A. 



Sendig Hotel Europaischer Hoi 



ADJACENT TO STATION, 



365 ftUOMS. 3473fl 

TEL. ADDRESS: SENDIG DRESDEN, 



TABIETT TBEiTBES : Central Theater, 
rebuilt in 1899; Tietorlft Sale. 
POST OFFICE: At Post Platz. 
ANeLO-SAXOM ABT OALLEBT: 

24, Sohlosa St. Situated nearly opposite 
the Boyal Caatle. Gontaina pictures by 
old masters amd is noted for its collec- 
tion of old drawings. All goods are for 
sale, and admission is free for visitors 
to Dresden. 

PHABMACT: Beietas- Apotheke, The 
InteTBational Pharmaej, 10 Bismarck 
Platz, highly recommended for dis- 
pensing and for Engl, and American 
patent medicines. 



AMBEB AND MEfiiBSCHAUM GOODS: 
East-Prasslan Amber Indnstry (Mrs. Fr. 
KreidlX B3 Prager St formerly Kdnig 
Johann St., — sole house for specialities 
in genuine amber &o. 

CIGABS, CieABETTES *e.: Sehramm 
ft Eehtermejer, 18 See St. and 27 Land- 
hans St., supply cigars, tobacco, smoking 
reqnifites of every description. 



1>Btl8&IST: CJcoTfe BattBtann CEn^lisb 
and American Stores), 40 Prager St. — 
drugs, perfumery &c. Well-recommended. 

FUBBIEB: Theodor Enrekhardt, 8 
Sch5sser Gasse, holds a large assortment 
of furs. Bepairs &c. done. 

LINEN GOODS: Proelss sen. seel. 
Sohne Naehf. Corner of See & Waisen- 
haus Sts. Saxon Damask Table Linen 
of all kinds. Founded in 1728. 

STEEL GOODS: J. A. Henckels, of the 
famous "Twin Works", Solingen, has a 
large depdt at 7 Wilsdruffer St. The 
firm is known throughout the world 
for its excellent manufactures. 

WINE-HEBCHANTS: Tiedemap* ^ 
Grahl, d See St, a leading house, ^ 
large stock of pure wines, whie 
and brandies. 



DRESDEN, well-called the Floi 

of the North, is picturesquely situi r 

on the banks of the Elbe: it is i 

capital of the kingdom of Sax r, 



116 



and has been the residence of the 
sovereigns from 1485. The city is 
divided into the Neustadt on the N. 
side of the river and the Allstadt on 
the S. side. In the former is situated 
the railway station connected with 
the new town by the Eisenbahtt' 
brucke, a bridge which has also a 
footway. There are also lour foot 
and vehicular bridges connecting the 
old and new towns, namely:— the 
Augustusbriicke, the Queen Carola' 
briicke (a line structure affording a 
pleasant view), the Alberibrucke and 
the Marienbriicke, Commencing a 
walk through the town from the Railway 
Station, we pass through Kaiser Street 



to Kaiser Wilhelm Platz, where 
the Japanese Palace and Garden 
are situated. The edifice contains 
the Royal Library, which consists 
of nearly 400,000 vols, and about 
3,000 manuscripts , including the 
oldest Bohemian Bible and many 
other fine productions; moreover^ the 
collection of maps, incunabula &c., 
is very extensive. Close by are 
Korner^s House, the Kdrner Museum, 
the Ministry of Justice and the 
War Office, This last stands at 
the corner of Neustadter Markt, on 
which is erected (1736) the enormous 
equestrian statue of Augustus II. 
Under this ruler, Dresden became 




the most important centre of art in 

Northern Germany. Furthermore, in his 

reign the Z winger was founded, and 

porcelain invented (Bottger 1709). 

Crossing Augustus Bridge — built 

in the 13 th and 14 th centuries and 

completed, as it now stands, in 1727 

— we arrive at Schloss Platz and 

the Royal Palace, (This bridge is 

rtly to be demolished.) In front 

he Landtagsgeb&ude there stands 

onument, by Baumbach, to King 

!rt, the famous royal general 

whom Moltke said "He never 

idered". This edifice was begun 

\ugustus in 1534, and, having 

i added-to at various architectural 

^ )resents a somewhat motley 



appearance. The back of the E. wing 
is decorated with sgraffito work by 
Walther; while the throne -room is 
adorned with frescoes. 

On the ground -floor, there is a 
valuable collection of coins. On the 
same floor is the Grune Gew51be 
(Green Vault), containing a splendid 
collection of curiosities, carved ivory 
and hammered work, the crown jewels 
of Saxony &c. 

Connected with the Schloss by cover- 
ed corridors are the Roman Catholic 
Court Church & the Ptinzen Palais, 
The former is Catholic, the reigning 
dynasty professing the Roman faith. 
The Church was built in 1 739 in Barocco 
style by Gaetano Chiaveri: its organ 



117 




DRBSDElf: Interior of the Zmnger. 




DRESDEN-A. 



HOTEL BBISTOL 

First-Glass Family House. Real Ed^MsIi Home 
eomfort. Moderate, terms en pension, 

^^ Q. WentzeU Prop. 



(2,896 pipes), {s the last and largest 
built by Silbermann. In the middle of 
Theater Platz stands a fine equestrian 
statue of King John, by Schilling, 
the pedestal of which is adorned with 
friezes. On the other side of the 
square stands the Court Theatre, a 
handsome Renaissance structure, de- 
signed by the elder Semper and 
carried out by his son. 

It occupies the same site as an 
earlier theatre, opposite the Roman 
Catholic Church. The building is richly 
adorned with paintings and has a 
bronze quadriga by Schilling above 
the portico of the main entrance; 
while at the entrance are statues of 
Goethe and Schiller. Beneath the 



quadriga there is a recess embellished 
with frescoes by Kiessling. The re- 
maining side of the square is occupied 
by the so-called 

Zwinger {dungtoTi), built 1711-22. 
It was intended, by Augustus II., to 
form the court of a castle of grand 
design, which want of funds compelled 
him to abandon. As the building 
stands, it presents characteristics 
partly Rococco and partly Barocco. 

It contains two museums, with 
collections of zoological, anthropolo- 
gical and palseontological objects. 

On the N. side of the Zwinger rises 
the magnificent new Museum designed 
by Semper, The porch resembles a 
Roman arch: above it, to the right 



118 



,JiS^ 



The Continental 



Rebuilt 

and 
Enlarged 

The most Fashionable HOTEL 
and RESTAURANT of Dresden. 



Finest Situation. Opposite Central Station. 

SUITES AND ROOIWS WITH BATHS "EN SUITE". 

Beautiful large Garden 
== Qarage. = 



MAX OTTO, 

PROPH. 



DRESDEN 



3920 



^ DRESDEN ^ 

Weber's Hotel. 

FIRST- CLASS HQTEL 

Splendidly situated in the centre of the Town, with a beaatful view 

of the Zwinger, Museums and Picture Gallery and close to the Royal 

Opera Royal Castle with Green Vault, Post Office, Briihl Terrace 

and nearly all the places of interest 

The house is heated by Steam throughout 
- - MODERATE CHARGES. - - 

READING AND SACKING ROOAS. BATHS. LIFT. 

ELECTRIC LIGHT. - - PENSION ARRANGEMENTS. 



Anglo-American Druggist and Perftimer. 

Toilet Articles, Perfumes, 

Soaps, Whisky, Brandy, Gin. 

Patent Preparations. 

Eenrge Baumann, Pragarstr 40 

opposite Anglo- American Club, Mosczinbystrasss. 

Dresden. 




DRESDEN W/ , *'"", 

and Oespafehrmms 
Seestraese 9. .^ZA'^^i^ Polierstrasse 19. 



tm 

Tiedemann & Grahl 

WINE MERCHANTS. 

First-class Winerestaurant. 

Ground tnd first floors. 



118b 




4 

i 

I 



DRESDEN: 

Museum Jokanneum, Female Figure from Herculaneutfu 

119 



Hotel Westminster, 

single rooms with bath and lavatory. Telephone in every room. Central heating. 
Lift. Favourable boarding terms. Si 92 . Frledrleb Kttlm, prop. 



"3eS,?n°**0RESDEI. 

•M opened Oct 1907. •« 
Quiet situation (it Main 
Station with exit in 
Bismarck St Suites and 



DRESDEN-A. 



Hotel and Restanrant HohoiizoUenilio£ 

)K )K In centre of town; with every modern qomfort m m 

GEORG DRESSEL, <7S9 

also proprietor of Kurhaus and Park Hotel, Schandau. 



E»tal>llsliecl iHne^. 



Schramm & Echtermeyer, 

DRESDEN. 

ISSeeSt (nrnerel Ri^aSt) I 27 Landhaus St. 



500 brands of cigars 



8 Pfennig to 15 Maple* per cigar. 

Direct import from Havanna. 

Cigarettes of abt 300 sorts. 
Tobacco. Smoking requisites. 

PriC6 Current on application. 



ESTABLISHED 1769. 



DRESPEN 

SchSssergasse 3 



ESTABLISHED 1769. 



PI ipo THEODOR BURCKHARDT 

r^ wJ 11^^ Furrier to the Royal Court Theatre 

'«« GREAT ASSORTMENT OF FURS 

OLD FASHIONS REMODELLED TO NEW STYLE 



lao 




DRESDEN - 
ALTSTADT 



Pension von Briesen* 



Fir^t'Class family home. 

Telephone 4940. 



Villa, Bendemann Strasse II, 

Corner Eisenstuck Strasse 




Conversation in North German. 34 

o BILLIARD-ROOM, o 

Proprietress: Mrs. Glenny Oelsner, n6e von Lorck. 



and left, are figures of Raphael and 
of Michael Angelo. But the point of 
greatest interest is the celebrated 

PICTURE GALLERY, which, 
vying with such collections as the 
Louvre at Paris, the National Gallery 
in London, the Pitti &c., occupies the 
ground floor and the first and second 
floors of the building. It contains 
no fewer than 2,600 paintings, the 



collection having been founded by 
Duke George, the patron of Lucas 
Cranach» and greatly enlarged by 
Augustus III., in the 1 8 th century. 
Its most renowned example is the 
Sixtine Madonna by Raphael, con- 
sidered to be the finest picture 
in the world, and characterised by 
its marvellous softness of colouring 
and by the wonderful sweetness and 



DRESDEN 



PENSION VON OERTZEN 

First-Class. 26. reichsstmsse Pirst-Class. 

Select number ef Guettt received into this Comfortable Home, 
•itoated in the best and healthiest part of Dresden. 
= VERY NICE. SUNNY ROOMS. BEST CUISINE. = 
HLY RECOMMENDED. 5190 Full Pension from 5 MarKs. 

121 



H^' 



DRESDEN-A, 4 Reichs St. 4. 

Pension Edelmann 

in fine central eituatton (American Quarter). Strictly flret-claee 
eetabllebment threughout Terme 5—8 Marke a-day. 2744 



7 Ammm Strasse DRESDEN Ammon Strasse 7 

(2 minutes from Central Station). 

PENSION • BLECH. 

SQoe First-class boarding-house. 

• BEAUTIFUL VILLA WITH LARGE SHADY GARDEN. 
Elegantly furnished. Excellent cooking. 

mist maria Blecb» Prop. 

DRESDEN-A. = Reichs St. 1. 

"Pension Giirnemann" 

^^ Old established home, close to central station, 
., the trams lead directly to the Opera House, 

Gallery etc. Comfortable rooms, first-class table. 348i 

DRESDEN-A., Schnorr St. 36 I & II floors 

PENSIOH VICTORIA. 

»«5 == AMERICAN QUARTER. == 



Centrally situated. First-class. American Table. 
Moderate Terms. Board optional 



122 




ccmtenipUtion expressed in the face 
of the Virgin (who occupies the centre 
of the work), that of St. SiXtus to 
the light ftnd of St. Barbara to the 
left, as well as by the child - like 
adoration remnrkable in the faces of 
the two cherubs below. 

It also contains numerous and inter- 
esting works by Correggio, Titian &c., 
and the famous Madonna and Child 
by Murillo. Pre-Raphaelite masters 
are somewhat scantily represented; 
but the Italian schools contemporary 
with Raphael form a very large pro- 
portion of the collection. Specimens 
of the Milanese , Parmesan and 
Venetian schools will be found in 
great number; while there are also a 
few excellent works by Velasquez, 



Murillo, Claude Lorrain, Watteau, 
Nicolas Poussin and other Spanish 
and French artists. Of the Nether- 
lands school examples of all the great 
masters will be found on the walls. 
Between the Museum and the Theatre 
stands a bronze statue of Weber. 
At the N. corner of the Zwinger a 
flight of steps leads up to the top 
of the wall, whence the building 
may be well surveyed. To the S. E. 
stands the Evangelical Sophienkirche, 
(Protestant Court Church) commenced 
in the 13th cent., and tastefully 
restored in 1864—75. To the E. of 
it is St George*s Fountain* A few 
paces southwards' is the handsome 
General Post Office, with Gut- 
schmid's Brunnen on the square in 



The International Pharmacy 
Rcicli>s - Rpotbcl^c 

Grande Pharmacie Internationale 

THE LEADING PHARMACT FOR FOREIGNERS 

Dresden, Bismarckplatz 10, H^"V.^™tf 



front of it. This latter is a sand- 
stone column designed by Semper in 
Gothic style. Behind the Post Office 
stands the Markihalle. A few 
steps further is the Home Office; 
passing from here through See St., 
we reach the "Old Market'*, in the 
middle of which is erected the Mo- 
nument to the fallen soldiers of 
1870—71. At the S.E. corner stands 
the Kreuzkirche, a modern building 
jrected after the fire of 1897. 
The N.W. corner of the Market is 
jpied by iheRatkaus, built originally 
1741, but extensively remodelled 
»863. The high tower contains a 
iitiful peal of bells, and commands 
ne view of the town. A new 
ling has been erected at the corner 
nedrichsring and Gewandhaus St. 



From the N.E. angle of the Alt-Markt, 
we follow Galerie St. and in a few 
minutes are at the "Judenhof'\ Here 
is situated the Johanneum Museum, 
a building commenced in 1856, but 
several times restored. It once held 
the Picture Gallery, but is now the 
depository of extensive collections 
of various kinds. On the first floor 
is the historical museum, containing 
old weapons, costumes and artistic 
objects, and said to be the most 
valuable in Germany. Among its 
treasures may be mentioned the 
swords of Luther, Augustus the Strong 
and the Elector Moritz ; Tilly's and 
Pappenheim*s staves ; the banners of 
Pappenheim's cuirassiers ; weapons 
dating from the time of the Thirty 
Years' War ; boots and shoes worn 



128 



DRESDEN-A., LDttichau St. 13, I & II floors 

PENSION DONATH 

= FIRST-CLASS = 

ENTIRELY RENOVaTEO 

AND REFURMISHED. 
ELECTRIC LIGHT. EXCELLENT TABLE. TERMS from 4.50-7 Marks. 

H. COIililN, NEW PROP. 



Pension 



VILLA IN GARDEN 
Corner of Wienerplatz 



DRESDEN-A. 



58 Prager St. 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE in central and sunny spot. 

• • Convenient commiinicntion to all parte of city. - • 

Comfortably appointed rooms. Excellent cuisine. 

Teime from 5—9 HarKt. 5189 Miee A. MEINCKE. 



DRESOEN-A, 15-171 Uhland St 



First Class Boarding House 

conducted by FRAU VON SUCKOW formerly by FRAU DOKTOR HOBLER. 
Terms from 4 to 7 Marks per day. Tram-cars direct 348o 
to Royal Picture Gallery, Museums and Opera House &c. 

r=== A few minutes from Central Station and eliurolies of ail denomination t. === 



'^^^^^m^^mm 



DRESDEN. 



Pension Unity 



I floor. 26 LiJttlcliaa Str- 26. I floor. 

FJrst-class GermiiO Home. Battia. Bngliab, French and North -German 
Converse tic a. Highlit references. 1212 Mlis J. BL&NCiK, Prop, 




^^^;m£mmMmBt^ms>(^My^smsm 



124 



I 




by Nipoltfon. On the same floor, 
tbere is a gallery of arms; while, on 
the second floor, will be found a 
splendid collection of porcelain. 

In Johannes ring there is a bronze 
figure of Bismarck on a porphyry 
pedestal embeUished with allegorical 
figures and having a balustrade of 
red marble. 

On the Neumarki, to the right, 
there is a bronze statue of Frederick 
Augustus IL, by Hahnel; while, on 
the northern side, stands a monument 
to Martin Luther, with, close by. 



the imposing Frauenkirche, a building 
whose lofty and massive' dome 
withstood the severe bombardments 
of Frederick the Great in 1760. The 
church possesses also an exceedingly 
fine organ built by Silbermann. 
Passing from the church eastwards, 
behind the Kunst Akademie, we reach 
the Alhertinum, which, originally an 
arsenal, is now a museum containing 
numerous and valuable sculptures 
both ancient (Phidias, Praxiteles &c.) 
and modern, as well as a number of 
antiquities (Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek, 



easVPi««^**° Amber bx^,^^ 



DRESDEN 




33PragerSt.33 

formerly KAnig Johann-St. 

— ^ — 3479 

— Sole Douse — 
for specialities in 

genuine Hmber 

and nieer$d)auni 

(Uares. 

*|-^ Bstabltshed 1888. H* 



Etruscan, Roman &c.). It is also the 
depository of a collection of casts 
(Meng's Museum) representing the 
growth of plastic art. — A little further 
eastwards rises the Synagogue, de- 
signed by Semper; opposite stands 
a "00 -year -old monument to the 
E tor Moritz. We have now reached 
tl comer of Bruhl Terrace which, 
1 feet in length, stretches, along 
tl banks of the Elbe, and com- 
n is an exceedingly flne view of 
tl river. It is the favourite prome- 
n I in Dresden, and on it is situated 
tl ~" Academy of Art, a modem 



building in Renaissance style, which 
consists of the Academy proper, the 
Exhibition Buildings of the Saxon 
Art Union and a small domed edi- 
fice. At the eastern comer stands a 
bronze statue of Semper by Schilling; 
while, at the north-eastem end of the 
terrace, is the Belvedere Restaurant, 
built in the style of the Court Theatre 
burned down some years ago. Passing 
along the terrace to its western end, 
we reach the flight of steps leading 
down to Schloss Platz and adomed 
with four groups by Schilling. Qose 
by is the Stdndehaus. 



125 



Petidton frocUd) 

DRESDEN, Werder Str. 18. 

In distinguished situation of the city in genteel house with garden. 
Excellent board and cohifortable rooms. Best references. 



Propr.: Frau Elise Zehl. 



3483 



1 



3937 



ORESDhN 



Pension Haiinefeld 

Pleasant Home. Large, comfortable and sunny rooms. Excellent food. 

Best references. 

23 LQttichau St, ground and first fioors. 



In Johannestadt to the east of the 
city stands the Saxon Museum of 
Industry (Durer St.) with a very 
complete collection of textile pro- 
ductions. Connected with it there are 
a Library, a School and a Collection 
of Models, 

To the south of Johannestadt lie 



some extensive royal grounds with 
the Botanical and the Zoological 
Gardens, 

In the suburb of Plauen, to the south- 
west of the city, there is a round 
tower called Bismarck Turm. It may 
be ascended by a winding staircase 
and affords a good out-look. 



DRESDEN. 25 Sedan St., 1" fl. 

" PENSION LOOSS. 

Beautiful quiet situation at corner of Reichenbach St. 1 •* class. Convenient for rail 

and trams. Large, sunny and comfortable rooms. Terms, 4Va— 7 marks per d . 

Hiihly recommended by Britif h and American ^nettt. 

■HSIIiSgRRSS} caEi7caEi7R£n? Rdgi?R£i?C3Sgn CSaEi7Ra£i?C3sgn r 



General Officee ef the Hamburg- 
American Line: 49 Prager Straeee. 



Arsenic Spa Levic O'Tetrii 
(South Tyrol): MF* ^^ covt 



tustoesitasi tasttasmesa fusarussttuga t^at^atasa tustti^t tiaa vasttio^xust nnntust 

126 




DRESDEN: Catholic Church. 



TV 



▼▼ 



Anglo-Saxon Art Gallery 



DRESDEN 

24 SCHLOSS STR. 24 

.-. PAINTINGS and .*. 
ORIGINAL DRAWINGS 
by GREAT MASTERS. 



39S9 



V^ 



KXCCBSIOirS: The environs of Dresden 
ezoeedingly beautiful. At a distaice 
IVs miles lies the pretty village of 
kmitiy with a monument of Morean, 
» fall at this sj>ot in 1818. Kear it 
be Bismarck Sanley a square tower 
manding a fine view of Dresden, 
nita and a great part of Saxon 
izerland, including Lilienstein and 
*^:8tflin. 

it, perhaps, the mos^ popular trips 
vlon^ the right bank of the Elbe 



with its vine-decked hills, its villas and 
chateaus of which the finest is that at 
Albreebtabnrg. A short distance beyond 
this are Villa Stock hausen and Villa 
Ec^berg; while, some 9 miles further, 
is Welsser Hirseh, (see below). Still 
further lie Losehwiti, and Blasewita 
and. about 8 miles from Dresden 
Pillnitz (at an elevation of 870 leet). 
This last place contains a royal chateau 
whose chapel and dining-room are em* 
bellished with, fine^ frescoes: in the 



127 



oeighboxirhood, there are some excellent 
points of yiew. the best being that from 
Porsberg 0,186 feet), abont 8Vi miles 
firom the town. 

PillnltSy as well as the other stations 
on the Blbe> snoh as Pima, KSnigrsteiny 
Sohandsa Ae.y are best reached by the 
steamboats of the Saehsiseta-BShmisehe 
Dampfsehiffahrts-Gesellsehsfty in con- 
nedtion with which we quote the 
following: — 

'To leave Dresden without having 
taken a steamboat trip on the Elbe is 
to have left the "Northern Florence" 
with but a very imperfect idea of 
its attractions. It is, indeed, diffi- 
cult to find another town with such 
delightful surroundings as Dresden, 
whose Elbe Valley, both upstream 
and downstream, is filled with ex^ 
quisite scenery. 

'Though the Elbe does not possess 
that imposing grandeur for which 
the Rhine is celebrated, thts want is 
counterbalanced by the soft beauty of 
its hills. From the deck of the river- 
steamers, the charming landscape may 
be enjoyed to the full; while one has 
also the comfort and ease which this 
means of travelling alone affords. 
Doubtless, it is for these reasons that 
most of the visitors to Dresden and 
Saxon-Switzerland prefer to make use 
of the steamers of the Sdchsisch- 
Bohmische Dampfschiffahrts- Gesell- 
schaft, rather than to be cooped up 
in the stifling compartments of a 
railway carriage. 

'The company referred-to has a 
river-fleet of 37 vessels, several of 
which are chartered to carry 1,200 
persons, the company being the only 
one on the upper Elbe which does 
a passenger traffic. 

'The boats are admirably fitted 
and their restaurants well-arranged: 
the catering is excellent, and prices 
very moderate. 

'The favourite boats are the large 
Saloon Steamers with Promenade 
Deck. These perform the express 
service among Dresden, Pirna.SaxoK- 
Switzerland, Schandau, Tetschen and 
Aussig: they each carry a first-class 



restaurant and offer passengers the 
very highest comfort' 

Of the shorter trips from Dresden 
the best are, perhaps, to Pillnitz, 
Wehlen and Schandau, or to Meissen, 
the pearl of the Elbe. 

Of the more distant trips, the 
finest are to the so-called Bohemian 
Switzerland & the Bohemian MiddU 
Mountains, with the excursionist \ 
centres, Schandau, Tetschen (Boden- ' 
bach) and Aussig, \ 

Tne last has railway connection with 
the Bohemian health-resorts, such as 
Teplitz, Carlsbad and Marienbad, 
as well as with the Prague-Vienna 
line of rail (sep routes 44, 45 & 46). 

The customs revision takes place on 
board of the steamers at Schandau, 

For the trips to Dresden, Pima, 
Schandau, Tetschen and Aussig, 
tourist tickets in conjunction with the 
railway are to be had. 

In the neighbourhood of Dresden is 



WEISSER HIRSCH, 

a health-resort which has grown up 
in recent years round a village of 
comparatively modern date. 

A BBIYAL : By rail to Dresden-Nenstadt 
and thence cab or, if previously ordered, 
carriage awaits. 

COMMUNICATION: Blectric railway 
to Dresden. Post Telegraph. Tele- 
phone. 

ALTFTUDB: 781 feet. 

STANDING POPULATION: 1,600. 

TISITOBS: Annual number of patients 
is 6,0UC. 

SITUATION: The place is sheltered 
to the north and north-east by an 
extensive stretch of woodland country, 
and its situation has long been re- 
cognised as exceptionally healthy and 
beautiful. The village consequently 
obtained renown as a health •res'^*-* 
and some years ago was chosen 
the late Dr. Lahmann for the erect 
of his sanatorium, to which, as 
system of treatment became fame 
some 12 villas were added. 

The Sanatorium, which sta 
in grounds at the edge of the wo( 
is fitted with every modern appljo 



128 



and joined to the Bath-house by a 
closed corridor. Together with all its 
annexes it is heated from a central 
station and thus rendered suitable 
for winter residence. 

Not only the sanatorium but also 
most of 

The Villas are lighted by electricity 
and every other convjcnience. 

The Air-Huts are close to the 
woo^s. As usual they have one 
side completely open, with only a 
protective curtain of linen. 

The Treatment is on the weU- 
known natural lines. Medicaments 
are employed only in very rare 
cases « the physician depending 
on the use of light, air, water and 



diet. And results show how effective 
this method is, especially in the 
following 

Diseases:— aniemia, heart troubles, 
pulmonary complaints; all affections 
of the digestive organs, diabetes and, 
generally, diseases of the kidneys, 
bladder and prostate ; nervous maladies 
of all kinds; skin-diseases, internal 
and external furuncle. 

AMI SEAfENTS : Tennis - lawn, 
cycle-track, sloating-rink &c. 

SAXON SWITZERIiASTD u a 

term whlob, witbin oomparHti > ely recent ' 
years, has been applied to the romantie 
stretoh of conntry alona the upper 
reaches of the Blbe. It is not an in- 
appropiate name, thoni^h the nse of the 
word by Germans for other less interest- 



Kurhau5 Weisser Hirsch 



by PRE5PEN. 



Hotel of 1«t Order. 



70 Rooms. 



35S9 



Annexed It a large now Bath- 
house with modorn appointments. 

Very beautiful and tranquil spot 



mg distriots, snoh as the nndalating 
parts of Brandenbnrg, seems somewhat 
oat of place. The monntainoas district, 
however, between Dresden und Bautxen 
is exceedingly fine. In general, it may 
be explored, in all directions, without 
the aesistance of guides Pedestrians, 
of coursa see the district to best ad- 
vantage; bat parts of the country may 
be viewed from the steamers. 

It is usual to start the tour from 

Potzscha, which is connected by rail 

•"ith Dresden. The Blbe is crossed 

y the ferry to Wehlen, whence the 

'ihlossberg is ascended. In the neigh- 

ifhood is the celebrated 

3asiei (1,030 ft.), which overlooks 

Elbe from a height of 645 ft. It 

I precipitous clilT terminating in a 

up of wild rock-pinnacles. These 

joined to one another by a hand- 



some bridge, in keeping with the 
bastion -like character of the rock. 
The Bastei is unquestionably the finest 
point in the whole district, and affords 
an extensive and glorious view of the 
wooded ravines and broken peaks 
of the surrounding country. 

Beyond the bridge, the path emerg- 
ing from the wood, branches in two 
directions: one way leads to the village 
of Rathen, with its castle ruins, — the 
other io Amselgrund ?in;^ Raihewalde, 
At the end of the main road running 
throngh this last village, one turns 
to the right and, in about Va hour, 
reaches Hockstein, a precipitous rock 
towering above the road to a 
height of 380 ft., that is to say 950 ft. 
above sea-level. From Hockstein, one 



129 



9 



passes throfigh Wolfs Gorge, down 
the valley of the Polenz. The principal 
point of view on this route is Brand: 
here is a little inn, which is worth 
stopping-at for the sake of the prospect 
•btained of the Basiei, Konigstein, 
LiJieustein, Grosse Winterberg Sec, 
Below Brand, the valley meets theTiefer 
Grund, and, about 2 miles farther on, 
at Wendischfdhre, the stream empties 
itself into the Elbe. Here, there is 
a railway bridge with a footway, 
which leads across to the Konigstein 
and Bodenbach Roads. Wendischfahre 
is almost a suburb of the central 
town of Saxon -Switzerland, namely, 

SCHANDAU. 

POPULATION: 4,0C0. 

HOTELS: Sendl^'t Hotels k Peuioas, 

first -01*88, beaatifuUy situated in their 
own larg^e (j^onnds, on the banks of the 
Elbe; Carhsasand Parkkotely si'nated to- 
gether in romantic Kimitssoh Valley with 
salphnrspriDg^s; Goldener Bagel; Forst- 
kans A Deataehes Haw; Sekweiserhor. 

Several good lodging-honaes. Bvery 
hotel has also restaurant. 

SCHANDAU is a small town situ- 
ated on the right bank of the Elbe. 
Grosse Winterberg, Kirnitzschihal, 
Schlossbastei, Wolfsberg and many 
other spots are very attractive. From 
tile top of the Papstein, one obtains 
a fine view over the whole district of 
Saxon Switzerland. 

The route from Dresden to Schandau 
has been described above. Between 
Schandau & the Bohemian boundary, 
there is also some beautiful country, 
the most famous spot being Kuhstall. 



9: From BERLIN to LDPSIC sad 
tbs Manufactttrinfl Towat of Saxoay. 

LEIPSIC. 

POPULATION: 602.7Ga 

HOTELS! <'Der KaUerhof % the finest 
and largest hotel, with OTery modem 
oomfort, opposite the railway etations, 
apartments with bath and lavatory, 
anto-fcarage; PrassSy l>t olasa, situated 
on the Promenade; Haaffe^ in the oity; 
Saehseahof ; 8edan« 

BOABDIirO-HOUSBS: Maeller, 14i)u«r 
St, established in 1888; near the railwagr 
stations, Theatre, Q. 1*. O., University, 
and chiefly patronised by Americans and 
English* excellent cuisine, comfortable 
home fortoorists, students, or monthly 
boarders, board optional, visitors re- 
ceived by the day; Peas, von TfirekSy 
1 Lfihrs FL» l*t class, in most healthy, 
agreeable and convenient situation, — 
English and American patron Hge, v9%tj 
modf^rn comfort; Fran Flora Sonataffs 
Pension Imteraational, '28 Quer St., !•* 
class for <iermans and foreigners, near 
Theatre &&, with nice rooms, good cui> 
sine, moderate terms. 

BESTAUBANTS: Paege's W^e* 
BesUvraatf Markt^ l*t class; Baarmsna, 
6 Markt, oldest restaurant in Leipsio, 
— good cuisine, diverse beers on draft; 
Baehsenhofi exnellent restaurant. 

CAFES: Baaer; Beicbskansler; Fran- 
$als; SaehsenhAf. 

CABS: Fer drive 50 pf. - 1 Mk ; per 
Vs hour 76 pf. — 1.60 Mk. Taxameters 
are in use. 

BANKS : Deutsche Bank is one of the 
principal European banks and has 
branches in most lar^e towns: Alltr^Melne 
Deatsehe Credit- Aastalt, 76/77 Brahl, 
and Qoethe St., is a leading house of 
high repute with branches in numerous 
places. 

BATHS: Carolabad; Sophieabad; 
Angustnsbad, 15 Post St. 

C. S. CONSUL.: Southard P. Ifaraer* 
Esq., 11 Dorotheen St. 



LEIPZIG 



Der Kaiserhof. 

Finest and largest Hotel in Leipzig, with every modern comfort 

" Apartments with private bath and toilette. Auto-Garage. == 

3906 Propr.: Robert BSrner, Hotelier and Purveyor to the Court. 



130 



r 



hHilE^i Pension Mueller. 

FIRST-CLASS BOARfilNG- HOUSE* 

Boarders for any length of time, livery home comfort. Best Eotiiefy, bngli&ii 
5077 spoken. Kxcctlem co^-ilrinp'. D^ths, Telephone Xo, ti (4?, 

RecoHLmvnded by the OfUzier^-VcrGln, Bav4elier and CooK. 



POST OFFICE: Aogrustus PL 

ENOIi. CUUBCH: 1 Sebastian UachSt. 
Bev. H M. de St. Croix, 26 b Albert St. 
Sun. 10.80 a. m., a^O p. m. 

THEATRES *«.: M^vm Theater; Altet 
Th eatery Opera, Operetta and Drama, 
thronghont the year; Sehaatpfelhau; 
e^aeert Howe; Crretal Palace, 10 Winter- 
garten St.; Bonoraad. 

FUBS: Max Erler, 84-86 BrOhl, is 
one of the leading firms of this branch ; 
and as Leipsio is the principal German 
centre of the for trade, a visit to the 
house shonld not Ye missed. 

TBAYBLLUie BEOUISITBS: Morits 
Midler» Trunk A Leather Goods Factory 
Lindenau^Leipng. Sale-rooms, 8 Peters 
St. All kinds of travelling requisites, 
first- olass leather goods and novelties. 
The firm makes a speciality of patent 
trunks remarkable for elegance, dura- 
bility and a lightness (60% less than 
ordinary trunks) which effects a. great 
saving In freight. 

PALM eABDEN: A beautiful rendes- 
vous, frequented by the better classes. 
Admission — weekdays 1 Mk., Sundays 
Bliki. 

QcReral Offlcet of the Hamburg- 
Ameriean Llae: 2 Augustus Platz. 



LEIPSIC is the third town in 
Germany; it is the largest centre 
of the book-trade in the world and 
the seat of the supreme law-courts 
of the German empire; while its 
university is one of the oldest and 
most celebrated in Europe. The 
town is largely industrial, the chief 
products being leather, porcelain « 
wood -work &c. The city is very 
old, and the streets crooked and 
--•rrow; but its buildings, though 



mostly of quite recent date, are well 
worth seeing. 

Two of the railway stations, 
namely, the Bairische and the Eilen- 
burger Bahnhof, lie to the S. E. 
Three others, namely, Thuringer^ 
Magdebur^er and Dresdner are 
close together in the N. E. of the 
town; while a sixth, the Berliner 
Bahnhof, is right outside the town 
in the same direction. On the 
promenades facing the Dresdner 
Station is an Obelisk commemorating 
the building of the railway; to the 
W. stands a monument to the Burgo- 
master Muller. Hard by is BlUcher PL, 
where the handsome new Bourse 
is situated. Opposite are the build- 
ings of the permanent Industrial 
Exhibition, xSiTid a little further on, 
the Old Theatre, founded in 1766 
and re -built in 1817. Near this is 
the monument to Hahnemann, the 
lather of homoeopathy. Here is the 
entrance to the Rosenthal, a favourite 
spot for excursions: in it are a 
monument to the composer Zollner, 
and a marble statue of Gellert, the 
poet. Here, too, are situated the 
Zoological Gardens, 

Close to Theater PI., at No. 3 
Briihl St., Richard Wagner was bom. 
From the corner of this thoroughfare, 
Hain Street leads direct to the Market 
in the centre of the city, where stands 
the War Memorial of 1870 with 
the Old Rathatis beyond. 



LEIPZIG 



S90 



II Flora Sonntag's Pension International 

M97. 38 Quer St Close to Stations, Theatre ft University. Nice, quiet rooms 

ooking Garden. With or without board, by day or otherwise. Hiahly recommended. 

*is. — English spoken. Frau Flora Sonntag, n^e von Mitschke-Collande. 



131 



i 



^ 



MADLER's PATENT TRUNKS 



TIUVELLIR6 
REQUISITES. 



S076 




FIIE 
LEITHEI 
BIOIL 



lORITZ MADLER, LEIPZIG 

S P£TKRSSTRASSE 8 



The building, the foundations of 
which were laid in the 13th century, 
was erected in 1556. The sessions' 
room contains pictures of every Saxon 
prince from 1485 to the present day. 
In the council chamber are a number of 
old goblets, including one of Luther's. 

Here, and in Grimmaische St., are 



several handsome old houses, among 
them the Konigs House, where the 
Saxon princes resided till 1829. In 
the neighbourhood are the celebrated 
Burger House & Aucrbachshof \}b^)^ 
renowned through the Faust saga: 
in the wine-cellar below are the Faust 
pictures, dating from 1525. In the 



Allgemeine Deutsche Credit-Anstalt 

^^ LEIPZIG ^^ 

HEAD OFFICES: 75/77 BrQhl - 9 Goethestrasse 
- ABTEILUNG BECKER & CO.: 2 Hainstrasse. - 



I BRANCHES: 



i07f 



DRESDEN, ALTENBURQ, ANNABERQ. BAUTZEN, BERNBURQ. 
CHEMNITZ* FREIBERG. 8ERA, QLAUCHAU. QREIZ, QRIHMA, 
LE0P0LD8HALL. LIMBACH, MARKRANSTAEOT, OSCHATZ, 
PIRNA. RIE8A. 8CHKEUDITZ, 8CHM0ELLN, ZITTAU. 
I I ESTABLISHED 1S56. ||==== 



Managers: 



JULIUS FAVREAU, 

Paid-up Capital 
Reserve fund . 
Dividend 



PAUL HARRWITZ, HUGO KELLER. 

Maries 90,000,000.— 
Marks 38,000,000.— 
1906: 9%. 



Banking and exchange business of every description. Accounts Current. 

Cliecic Accounts. Deposits, open and closed. 
CoHectiOB of Coupons. Letters of Credit. Safe deposit -vaults. 

189 




LEIPSIC: Luiher Monument, 



133 



same street is the Fiirstenhaus where 
Peter the Great resided in 1712. 
Opposite Auerbach's Keller stands the 
old Exchange (1678); and a little 
to the east is Ritter St, in which 
are the Nicolaikirchhof and Rothc's 
College, where Leibnitz was born; 
while, in the court of the Booksellers' 
Bourse, hard by, Gelleri, the poet, 
lived and died. 

A side street to the right runs 
between the Georgen Halle and the 
Royal Palace into Goethe St A little 
to the South, on the Promenades, 
is the New Theatre, a handsome 
Renaissance building. 

Augustus Platz is a beautiful spot, 
on the eastern side of which is the 



General Post Office. To the south 
stands the 

Museum, a very fine building 
containing numerous collections of 
paintings, both ancient and modern, 
and also a large number of copper 
plates &c. Among the paintings 
is the '^Island of the Dead" (room 
VII., 563), Bocklin's most celebrated 
picture. There is also a Madonna 
and Child by Murilio, most of the 
remaining works being modern. In 
front of the building is the Mende 
Brunnen* Here, also, stands the 
University, consisting of several 
buildings, the principal being the 
Augusteum (Schinkel). The Aula 
contains statues of princes, busts 



5078 



LEIPZIG 



PENSION VON TURGKE. 

===== 1 littlirs Plata, corner of Hord Ht. • 

formerly Augustusplatz, near Stations, Theatre, University &c. 

# FIBST-CIiASS BOABDINO-HOVSBy ABSOIiVTEIiT NEW. # 

AD modem comfort LIFT. Steam - heating. Bath-room. 

Board A lodfrlniT firom Hks 5.~10«~ per day. Board optional. 

== TELEPHONE 6656. " 



of Goethe, Leibnitz, Borner. Ac*, 
and bas-relieft by Rtetschel. In 
the adjacent Pauliner Kirche (13th 
century) is Rietschel's Monument 
to Margrave Diezmann. At the S. 
comer of the University, and close 
to the Biirgerschule is another of 
Rietschel's works, namely, a statue 
of thaer: there is also a memorial 
stone to the famous composer, 
Robert Schumann, who lived 14 
years at Leipsic. Behind the Uni- 
versity is the goldener B&r, where 
the celebrated printing-house of 
Breitkopf was founded. The ad- 
jacent Gewandhaus (Clothworkers* 
Hall, 1740), contains the City 
Library; in it excellent concerts are 
given. Close by is the Grosse Feuer- 
hugel, where Goethe lived as a student. 



At the S.W. comer of the Pro- 
menades, where the Old Pleissen- 
burg stood till 1899, a new Rat- 
haus is now being erected. Opposite 
is the handsome Imperial Bank ; \ 
while, a few paces to the N., is 
St, Thomas Church (1496) of 
which Johann Sebastian Bach was 
cantor. South of it is Hahnel's 
statue of Leibnitz who was bom 
here in A. D. 1646. Close by is 
the Historical Museum of Mur-c; 
and, a little farther north, is Ma^ ei- 
kirche (A. D. 1500). Southw ds 
of the Pleissenburg is Kdnigs PI. 
where stands the Grassi Must \m 
with large ethnological and indus ial 
collections. To the west of the 1 :er 
rise the Supreme Imperial Cot ts, 
a handsome pile ol buildings, br- th 



184 



whkh flows I he Plcisae. Beyond 
the Law Courts ire the UmversUy 
Library (350,000 voh,} and the 
Concert House (Neues Gewandhaus), 
Opposite this butlding is tL monu- 
ment to Mendelssohn; while hard 
by are the Royal Academy of Art^ 
the ConS€rvaiorium Jkc, 

!n the south - east of the town, 
at Johanriesthal, i? situated the new 
Observatory with, close by^ several 
other institutions, including the Uni- 
versiiy buildings for special surgical 
fQsearch, And other edifices. To the 
north of iohannei^thal is the old 
Joh^ttHes Churchyard wiih GeUert^s 
Tomb. A hti^E to tha south - east 



is the Booksellers' Exchange * a 
splendid Renaissance edifice, open 
to the public. A few paces to the 
east of Gellert^s Tomb stands the 
Johanneskirche, where, during the 
re* building in IS94, Bach's burial* 
place was iliscovered. Opposite the 
west porch is the Reformation 
Mottum^ni with bronze etatues of 
Luther and MelancMkon by Schilling. 
Not far from the church is the 
Friccius Denkmal, commemorating 
the batti* of Leipsic, which lasted 
from the 16th to the 19th of October 
)8L3, and is one of the most bloody 
fields ever fought (See below). 
In the year 1900 was unveiled 




The new Illustra- 
ted Catalogue will 
be forwarded Post 
free on application 



LEIPSIC, 34-36 Bruhl 

MAX ERLER 

:: The Finest Furs ;; 
the World Produces 

in charming New and 
:: Original Designs :; 



1441 



. another Monument of en urinous size 

fand powerful design by Professor 

' Bruno Schmitz. 

Near Johanna Park, there is a 
beautiful monument to Bismarck. 

I In the west of the town, a Palm 
Garden has been opened by a joint- 

\ stork company established 1896. 

I Th< following year the work was 
con lenced with energy. Through 
the 80,000 cbm. ot land Cows a 
bri( ed arm of the Ehter which has 
grc facilitated the laying-out of 

the )unds. These contain some 
fine Traces, a grotto, a waterfall &c., 
and a most attractive resort. 



The neighbourhood of Lelpaia hM 
repeatedly been the aoene of warfare. 
Of the combats which have taken place 
here, the most famous are the series of 
battles that occurred in 1818 between 
Napoleon^s army and the Prussians, 
Aastrians and Bussians allied under 
the command of Sohwarsenberg. These 
battles lasted from the U^ tUl the aotb 
of October, the moet remarkable being 
the Battle of XSeken to the north of 
the town and the 

BATTLE OF LBIPSIC to west and 
south. This latter, known in Oermany 
as "Die Volkersohlacht" and in France 
as ** La Bataille des Nations'*, began on 
the 16*b of the month and — save for 
Sunday the 17*1* — continued, with 
praftically no interruption, till the 10*1*; 
though the 18 th was the decisive day 
«. . ^^ total numoer of 



in the conflict. 



185 



MEISSEN. 



Kg). BUR6KELLER, i 

SCHLOSS ALBRECHTSBURQ 



1 



•1st class Restaurant 

Beautiful garden. 9 
Lovely view ^ 3 2D 
Large shady terrace. 

FRRMZ KOMPEL, Caiterer. 



taroops dn^ai^ was upwards of 450,000, 
the proportion being two or the allies 
to one or the French. The saugaiuary 
character of the battle may be gathered 
from the faot that, of Napoleon'it troops, 
only 90,000 remained to join in the retreat 
towards the Rhine; while his opponents 
left on the field more than 50,000 slain. 
[Those vuiting the place will find 
a culleotion of ouriosities at the Gast* 
haus Eum Napoleon.] 

MEISSEN. 

POPULATION: 82000. 

HOTELS: Blaaer Stem; Albertshof. 

BESTACBANT: Kgl. Borgkeller, l«tcl., 
large terrHce, beantifai garden, fine view 
of castle, highly recommended. 

BANE: Dresdner FUlale der Dewtsehen 
Bank, 2 Mnrkt, which is one of the 
largest in Barope and has branches in 
all leading towns. 

This ancient Saxon town, once the 
seat of the Margraves of Meissen, is, 
from an artistic point of view, very 
interesting, and contains a celebrated 
old Cathedral, 13th_i5th centuries. 
Its spire, at the S.E. corner, belongs 
to the 15^ cent., and is a fine piece 
of work. The interior of the edifice 
is embellished with beautiful and inter- 
esting sculptures and bronzes, trie 
finest of which is that of Frederick 
the Quarrelsome. In the Georgen 
Kapelle stands the tomb of George the 
Bearded and Barbara his wife. Near 
it is a small altar-piece by Kranach 
the elder. There are also several old 
paintings and brasses; while adjoining 
the Cathedral is an interesting Cloister, 

Close by is Albrechtsburg, a fine 
old castle, built 1471—1483 by Arnold 
of Westphalia for the co -regents 
Ernest and Albert (cf. Altenburg). 
It is remarkable, not only for its 
great size and imposing character, 
but also for its elegant vaulting, its 
frescoes and the charming views which 
it affords. In the Triebisch Thai, 
at the other end of the town, the 



visitor, for a fee of 2 Mks., is shown 
over the Royal Porcelain Factory, 
founded in 1710, the year following 
BOttger's re-invention of porcelain. 

FREIBERG. 

POP.: 80,0ua - ALT.: 1,845 feet. 

BOTELS: deSaxe, Karseb, both l«tcl. 

FUEIBEBG, the chief centre of the 
Saxon mining industry, with a MlalHg 
Aeademy* Its principal boildinga of , 
interest are:— 

The Cathedral, bnilt in late-Gk>thic 
style on the rains of an earlier edifice 
destroyed by fire in 1484, and of which 
a relic is to be seen in the beautifol 
''ftolden Portal" at the southern entrance. 
Its decorations are fine specimens of 
medisBval plastic art. It also contains 
some good sculptures; and there is a 
beautiful monument to the Bleetor 
MorllB* The organ, which is a very 
powerful one, was built by the cele- 
brated Silbermamny who was a native 
of the town. 

The Bathans, a handsome building 
rather older than the Cathedral, standi 
on the Obermarkt^ and contains por- 
traits of Saxon princes. In the Kaiif* 
hsos to the N. is a Maseani of Aatl* 
qaities; while in front of the Bathaus, 
a stone marks the spot where Kans, 
the bandit (see Altenburg and Meissen]^ 
was executed. 

In the N.W. of the town near Krena- 
thor, is Frendeastein Castle, dating, in 
its present form, from the 16 ^l^ cent, 
and now used as a magaaine. 

CHEMNITZ. 

POPULATIONS 244,0i)0. 

HOTEL: Stadt C^otha, l*t class houw 
quite new, ail modern comforts, lift &o 
tine wine and beer restaurant. 

U. 8. C0N8.: Thomas H. NortOBy Es^ 

BANKS: Fiiiale der Dresdner Ban 
is highly recommended to visitors U 
exchange business &o.; Filisle der Al 
gemeinen Dentsehen Credit* A nstalt* 
long established, 1** class bank wii 
extensive funds and of excellent reput 

CHEMNITZ, formerly a settlemei 
of the ancient Wends, is one of tl 
largest manufacturing centres of Ge 
many, the character of its ir'^-^stf 



136 




1^ t;aaisi£ii es^tusit tifi^G&i 



CHEMNITZ. 



r^fit Ciffrf^an^ES^i^ Gifit[<:£t?K£iT 



HOTEL STADT GOTflA 

First-class ^llh every modern comfort Rebuilt 1902. 3n52 



having obtained for it tiie cognomen of 
SaxonManchester. The Jacobyk irch e 
And the Raihaus, both in Gothic style, 
are in the Hauplmarkt, The Cattle 
Market, the Technical Schools, the 
Reichsbauk and Central Railway 
Station are all very fine buildings. 

The Schloss, a restaurant to the 
N.W. of the city, was formerly a Bene- 
dictine abbey. Tht Industrial Museum 
is also worth seeing. The SchlosS- 
kirche, a Gothic building of 1514—25, 
contains several old paintings. 

Other interesting structures are the 
shapely Column of Victory, the im- 
posing Saxonia Fountain, the Statue 
of Becker and the National Monument, 

AN\ABRRG (im Erzgebirge). 

POP.: 16,500. — ALT. I 2,000 feet. 

HOTEL : Mafeam, l«t olass. 

U. 8. CON*i.t eeorge N. IflTty Esq., 
9 Kaiser Wilhelm St 

BANK: AlUent^iBe Dentseke Credlt- 
Anstalt, Anaaberr - Bnehbols Rranch, 
hiehly recommended for all banking 
affairs. 

AN NAB ERG is a Imsy town situated in 
the Erz Mountains and mostly engaged in 
the manuf cture of laces and trimmings. 
The industry was introduced by Barbara 
Uttmann in the IHth cent.: her starue 
will he found in the Market Place. T^e 
export to America is v»ry lar^e. 

The only building of mterest is the 
Annenklrebe 15(0) which contains m large 
number of coloured reliefs, a Hue altar 
&o. Close by is a Statue of Lather. 

PLAUEN in the Voigtiand. 

~0P.: 105,185. — ALT.: l,JnO feet. 
OTKL: Planeaer Uofy l>*claas, very 
ofl fortable, rooms with baths attached. 



large gardeQ» ex^'el'^nt vine hd*! b««et 
reduturant; new prnp Jul Tippmanxu 
U. H. COlV^i CatI nailer H>"^ ^^ 
BiNK: liresdaer BHBk, tughly re- 
commended. 

This is the centre of the Saxon 
weaving industry and is an important 
manufacturmg town, situated on the 
Weisse Elster. It is the capital of 
the VoigtlaiiJ; and its Castle, the 
Hradschin, was the seat of the old 
Vogts (advocatus regni). Other build- 
ings of interest are the Johannis- 
kirche (1556)', restored in 1886; the 
Lutherkirche ( 1 693), restored in 1 978 ; 
iheRalhaus (Gothic); and the Theatre, 
The town also contains several monu- 
ments (Emperor William I., Bismarck, 
Moltke, Julius Mosen) and a good 
Exhibition of Industrial Products. 

Down to the sixties of the last centnry, 
the muslins, curtains &o. of Plauen were 
all handmade. Since the introduction 
of machinery, the place has developed 
with startling rapidity, the population 
having nearly trebled in l5 years. In I'SSl, 
the manufHcture of the inmous dentelles 
de Saxe, dentelles orientales and Luft- 
spitzen was bes^un The total trade has 
now reached 60 million, marks annually, 
of which two-thirds is for export. 

ZWICKAU (POP.:T0.000.-HOTBLS: 
Wagner; kastner) is an old man .faotnr- 
ing town on the Moldan, which, apart 
from its commercial importancei pos^ 
sesses some interesting buildings, the 
moHt noteworthy being: — 

The Marieakirehe, erected 1468tot66ft. 
It is late • Gothic and an imitation of 
St. LHwrence's in Nuremberg. 

The Catbsrinenklrehe dates from the 
1 4th and 1 th centuries. The Bathaas, on 
the Mnrkt PI., was built in 1851. There is 
a Monnnent to the Prasslan War and an 
old Kaof haosy now used as a TheateSto 



PLAUEN i. V. 



W4 



Hotel Slauener 3S(of. 



lost central situation; entirely new; finest Hotel in Plauen. Every possible cossfoit 

137 



In this town, Robert Schumann was 
bom, in IHIO, the house of his nativity 
— marked with a medallion ~. being 
at 6 Markt PL A monument to Bobert 
Schumann was erected IWOl. 

GREIZ (POP.: 24.000. - HOTELHt 
Hennig; L5we. — BANK: FlUale der 
Allgeneimen Devtsehen Credit -AnstaU) 
is a manufaotnring town, divided into 
two parts by the Weisse Elster. The 
old town Is a qaaint place on the right 
bank of the river. The bridge connecting 
it with the new town oommnnds a 
beantifal view of some of the principal 
bnildings of the plnoe, whose situation 
is extremely pioture8qu<». 

GERA. - POP.: 46 500. - HOTEL: 
FrominateT. — U. S. €<)NS. AOT. : Charles 
Kever, Esq. — BANK : Geraer Filiale der 
AllgemelBeii Deatsehea Credit- A nstalty 
an old-established, l«t class bank. 
Oera iS'a mannfaoturine: town situated 
on the Weisse Bister, and the capital of 
the principality of BensSwQQngereLinie). 
The residence of the Prince is the Castle 
of Oberstein on the Hainberg. A statue 
of Heiarieh Posthanms embellishes Jo- 
hannis Plata. 

AliTENBURG. — POP.S 87,100. — 
HOTELS: Wettimer Hof; Thfirlnger Hof. 
-^ BANK: Allgemeine Deatsohe Credlt- 
Attsiialt(Lingke&Co.).~ ALTENBURG, 
the capital of the Duchy of Saxe- Alten- 
burg, is picturesquely situated near the 
Pleisse. Its castle, perched upon a rock 
of porphyry, dates from the 14th cent, 
and is celebrated for the kidnapping of 
the young princes Albert and Ernest 
by Kunz von Kaufungen in 1455. 
These two princes, who became co- 
regents, were the founders of the 
present dynasty (See Meissen). 

. Other interesting buildings are: — 
The Schlosskirche{coniQ.m\n^ a hand- 
some choir), the Theatre, the Pathaus 
(a good specimen of German Renais- 
sance work), and the Museum, which 
stands near the station and contains 
the Lindenau collections of Art and 
Natural History. 

Altenburg is also interesting for the 
quaint costumes worn by its better- 
class peasants, who are of Wendish 
origin, and are said to have invented 
Skat, the card-game now so universal 
throughout Germany. 

RVDOI^STADT (POP.: 12400.— 
PIOTELS: Ldwe; Bitter; Eront), bean- 
Utully situated on the bankR of the Saale, 
is . the capital of the Principality of 



188 



SehwanbarffoBadolstadt. The residanco 
of the prinoe is Beldeekskarf Castl e, w h i dib 
stands on a height flOO It. above ttie town, 
In L«dwlgsb«rff, there it a good collect ioa 
of natural history sp^eimess. There an 
also many eharmirir walks in ruH about 
the town. A favouiiia one is tn Tolkstedty 
about 2 milea out, where fieilller lived 
in 1788. The house is marked wltli a tablet 
Another ezonrsion is to ft6ber« sohiwl 
founded in 1817 and oallod KetlhM. 

10: From BERUN, via WITTENBERfi 
and HALLE, to WEIMAR, EflFUItT, 
GOTHA & the FOREST OF THURINGI A : 
FRIEORICHRODA kt. and EISENACH. 

WITTENBERG- 

POPULATION: 18,845. 

HOTBLs Goldeme WeUlnm««. 

WITTENBERG is famous la the 
cradle of the reformation. It wme here 
that Luther issued his celebrated theses^ 
and burnt the papal bull: an oak^troE, 
in a garden close to the station , is sup- 
posed to mark the spot whera the In- 
cident took place. In Collegien St. is 
situated ttieAugusteummth the Luther 
House. It is a part of the old monastery 
where the reformer resided until catled 
to a professorship at the University. On 
the flrst floor is the Luther- HalU, con- 
taining several relics and a number of 
pictures illustrating the life of Luther. 

Not far from here namely, at No. 16 
Oollegieu St^ is Melanehthom's Honsoy 
marked by a memorial tablet: the garden 
oontains a stone bearing an inscription 
(1561). What is now the barracks was 
once the UniTersityy founded by Luther's ^ 
patron. Frederick the Wise. The Harket < 
rlace is adorned with a statne of Luther 
by Sehsdow, and another of Melsaehthon i 
by Drshe. To the east of the Market Place i 
is the Stadtklrehe, in which Lather often 
preached; and which contains pictures 
by both the Kranaebi* 

Kranach's dwelling -house was No. 1 
Sohlosfl St A littie beyond it is 

The Sehloisklrehe, a fifteenth -nnt 
•difice which suffered severely du ng 
the bombardment of the town by Jie 
Austrians in 1700, the doors to w! lob 
Lather nailed his 95 theses having 1 sen 
then destroyed by ilre. They have 1 ^«u 
replaced by metal ones, on whioh ihe 
original text of the theses in Latin tas 
been engraved. Moreover, every re n^- 
infi; prince of the various German st t«s 
has. in this ehoreh, a seat embellif led 
witn his ooat-of-arms, that of the F ler 
being especiaUy beantifal. 



r 



Hotel Stadt Hamburg. Mst^ 



D 



Largest and leading Hotel in the town. Remodelled 
and fitted with ever^ comfort io 1906. AfJia-GARAGE* 
Telephone 6L 5i64 Prop.: L. ACHTELSTfiTTfiR. 



D 



HALLE. 

POPCLATION: 160,640. 

HOTEL: Stadt Hambwrff; » leading 
hoase, fHcmg Q. P. O. and oIoBe to Uni- 
versity, Theatre &o„ — every modem 
convenience, automobile shed. 

BE8TAUBANTS: ftrOn, TBathansSt.: 
Becker, 28 (irnsse Dlrich St 

CAFES: Wiener, Post St.; Beaer, 
Orosse Stein St 

CABS: Within the city and to rail- 
> way station, 50 pf.— 1 Mk. 

BATBS: Weineek's, near KlaoBthor; 
; Park Bad, 15 Dorotheen St 

HALLB, whioh seems to derive its 
name from its extensive salt fields^ is 
an ancient city lying on the Saale. It 

C Besses a c^ebrated university, and 
great oommeroial interests in 
maf'hkiery, sugar and starch. 

In the centre of the city lien the 
Markt-Plai I embellished with the Boter 
Tara (276 feet high), with a stone 
Boland (see Bremen) and a statue of 
Hindel, bom here in lti85. On the W. 
; tide of the square rises the 

Harktkirehe, a four-towered building 
ereoted in the middle of the IBth cent.; 
it contains several admirable pictures, of 
whioh the fineot is one supposed to have 
been painted for Oardinal Albreoht, the 
founder of the church. The S. E. ajigle 
: of the square is occupied by the 
f Bathana, parts of which date back to the 
14tii century, though the main building is 
Benaissanca Close by is the Bats^kellery 
a modem structure in late-Gothic style. 
Of the remaining public buildings, the 
most noteworthy are situated at the edge 
of the old city, whose boundaries are 
marked on the western side by the moat 
(M&taleagraben) and on the other sides by 
promenades, which replace the ancient 
ramparts. From the Batskeller, a tram- 
Wayed street (Leipaigerstrasse) runs 
down to a tower at the corner of Nene 
Pro^ieaade. Following this promenade, 
we ass, on our right, the BSrse with the 
ezl asive Frankesehe Stiftnngeiiy oppo- 
sit consisting of an orphan asylum 
ant other institutes, founded by the 
ph: thropist Franke, in 1698. 

ce, MorUsziringer lead3 to Morlta 
Th( <> the N. ot which stands 

tskirehe, (St Maurice'sX the hand- 

■oz church in the city. It was begun in 

the 2tb cent, and pospesses a fine choir 

^ eoi »leted in 1511 : the carving above the 

,. alt , as well as some 15tb cent pictures 

') an< ' t»ulpit, is very noteworthy. I 



In proximity to the building are the 
salt-works, called the ^Salinen". 

Dreihanpt St run« northwards to- 
wards the moat, where are situated the 
ProTiueial Hvseut and the 

Cathedral, the latter behig a Wh 
century structure containing columns 
decorated with figures of saints fco. 
Adjacent are the Zoological Instiliute 
and the Cbemleal Laboratory. Beyond 
them stands Horitabnrg, abutting on- 
to the promenades. Following theta 
eastwards, we soon reach the 

Uaiveisily founded in 1654 and one 
of the most famoua in Germany. That 
of Wittenberg was incorporated with 
It in ^817. The present building dates 
from 1834. Close by are the Theatre 
and the Arehnologieal Mueum. Acrose 
the promenades to the east are the 
vast Uospitals of the university, and 
the interesting municipal cemetery. 

A short distance to the S. of Halle, 
the Saale receives the Bister. Some 
few miles up the former river stands 

WElSSENFEIiS (POP.: 89,000. -- 
BOT.i eoldaer Birseh), formerly the 
residence of the Dukes of Weissenfels. 
The line is now extinct; but the old 
Sohlosa at the foot of Klemmbeig. 
may still be viewed. 

At the confluence of the Unstrut with 
the Saale is situated the old city of 
NAVMBIJRe (POP.t 28,200. - HOT.: 
Schwaraes Boss), possessing a weU- 
restored Cathedral of the ^muiaitidnal 
period (12— 13th cent.) 

APOIiDA (POP.f ai,00a - flOTBLt 
Kaiserhof), a busy, industrial town, 
IS celebrated for its manufactures of 
hosiery and similar articles. The place 
contains one or two good monuments, 
among which, that to Zimmermann, 
who greatly fostered the manufacturing 
interests of the town, and that comme- 
morating the events of the Franeo- 
Pmssian War are the most noiaUa. 

WEIMAR. 

POPVLATIONi ^OOa 

flOTELSt flot. deBsssle, l*toL family 
house, every modern comfort, auto-oar 
shed; Erbprina, l*t class, famous house, 
on Market Pl^ interesting reminisoenoes, 
large garden; Elephant. 

BAN K EBS : Magdebnrger Privat-Bank, 
Filiate Weimar vorm. Julius Elkan, Oowt 
Bankers, every description of banking 
business, exchange, safes &o. 

CABS: From SO pf. upwards. 



1 



SN«L18H CHUBCHi St. MiohMl and 
All Angels, Jank^r St. Bev. B. Bertram 
Tanqueray, B. A. Qxon., 16 Worth St. 
Snn. H.HO a. m., 11.0 a. m.; H. C. every 
Snn. aao a. m. !•* Son. 10.0; S3. 10.30; 
Fri. 6.0. 

V. 8. CaNS.: Will L. Lowrle, Esq. 

;[NFOBMATION: Der Yerk^brs- and 
TenehSneranys-Yerein t« Weimar, 4 
Schiller Sc., issues gratia an illnetrated 
Bnglisfa Guide to the town. 

CHIEF RI&HT8. Grotihersogl. Schloss 

(Palace). Open, in Hammer, lO— 12 a. m. 
'and B— 6 p. m., in Winter 10—12 a. m. 
& 2->4 p. m. Tickets at the custodian's, 
60 pf. per person — minimnm 1 Mk. 

Goethe's Oarteohsns. Fee, 25 pf. 

8todtkirehe (Cborch of Sts. Peter and 
Panl) Sexton's house, 11 Herder PI. 
Per person 2ft pf. — minimum 50 pf. 

Srhiller's Honse. Open, 8—12 a. m. 
and 2 -6 p. m. in Summer and 0—12 a m. 
A2— 4p.m in Winter. Bn trance- f ee r<0pf. 

Goetb- National Hnseam. Open daily 
in Summer from II a. m. — 4 p. m.; 



in Winter (Nov. 1— May 15) on Sundays 
and Wednesdays 11 a. m. — 8 p. m. 
Bntrance tee, 1 Mk. on weekdays and 
60 pf. on Sundays. 

Orofsherioff]* If aseam. This building 
is at present nudergoing restoration; 
but the famous frescoes are shown 
whenever possible. 

Grosshersogl. Bibllotkek (Library). 
Open on weekdays 9 -2 a. m. & 4—6 p. m. 
Fee nO rf- 

Goethe and Schiller Arehir. Fridays 
free 10—1 p. m. Other weekdays 10—12 
a. no. 1 Mk. and 12—1 p.m. oO \>i, 

Bathaos (Town Hall), at any hour. 
Gratuity to custodian expected. 

Fiirstengraft (Princes' Crypt). In Sum- 
mer 11—12 a. m. & S— 5 p.m. In Winter 
it is necessary to apply at the Hof- 
marschallHmt. Burgplatz. Kee, 1 or 2 
persons, 1 Mk ; 3 or l persons, Mk. 1.50; 
tor each person extra, 25 pt. 

Lisst Uoseam. Open all day. Ep- 
trance fee, .')0 pf. 

Kanst- and Koastgewerbe - Mnsevm 
(Museum of Fine Art an<l Industrial 



HDTELDERUSSIE. 



^= WEIMAR. = 

nRST- CLASS FAMILY HOME. DELIGHTFULLY SITUATED ON THE KARLSPLATZ. 

REMODELLED AND REFUttNISHED WITH ALL MODERN COMFORT. 
5134 ' AUTd-GARAOE. Q PENSION ARRANGEMENTS. 

=== A. DRVGE, PROP., . 

PURVEYOR TO THE GRAND DUCAL COURT OF SAXE- WEIMAR. 



Art), Karlsplats. In Summer. 10 a. m. 
till 4 p. m.; in Winter, 10 a. m.— 8 p. m. 
Bo trance fee 50 pr. 

StSdtisehes NatnTwiasensehaft Itches 
■■seamy 11 Luisen St. and 6 Amali««n St. 
Sundays, 11 a. m. — 2 p.m. and Wednes- 
days, 2— 4p.m gratis; on other days, 
2—6 p. m. for a fen of 50 pf. 

Donadorf Maseaniy in same building 
as' above. Sundays. 11a.m.— 8 p.m. for 
fee of 20 pf.; other afternoons, 80 pf. 

WEIMAR, the capital of the Grand 
Duchy of Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach, and 
prettily situated on the II m, has be- 
come classic ground. It was for 
upwards of 50 years the Home of 
Goethe; and Schiller spent the last 
6 years of his life in the same city 
Its most noteworthy building is the 

Schloss, restored under Goethe*s 
superintendence and standing at the 
head of Sternbriicke. The edifice 



contains the room of Duke Bemhard 
and the so-called four Poets' Rooms 
dedicated, respectively, 'to Goethe, 
Schiller, Herder and Wieland. 

The Herder Room is at once re- 
cognisable by the poet's motto *Ucht, 
Liebe. Leben" on the ceiling. Frescoes 
by Jager adorn the walls. 

In the Goethe Room the frescoes, 
which are by Jager and Neher, illus- 
trate almost the whole range of t s 
great German's works, both in poei y 
and prose 

The frescoes adorning the Schil r 
Room are all from the brush of Nel \ 
and are likewise numerous. 

On the walls of the 

Wieland Room, the frescoes are ci 
distemper and are by Preller. In fr< it 
of the Schloss, and on both sides of e 



140 



river, lies a charming park with many 
spots hallowed by reminiscences of 
Goethe: in it, stand a pavihon, called 
the Tempelhcrrcnhaus, the Hume, the 
Rdmtscius Haus, and several monu- 
ments (Prmce Francis of Dessau. Liszt, 
Shakespeare). Here may still he seen, 
near the Park, Goethe's Gartenhaus, 
Not far from the Schloss, at Herder 
Ph, rises the Stadtkirche in the very 
centre of the town. Built in 1400, it 
contains a fine picture by Kranach 
the elder, with portraits of Lulher, 
Melanchthon and Bugenhagen, The 
nave is the restinis-place of Herder, a 
bronze statue of the poet having been 
erected m front of the church. Behind 
the buildmg is the parsonage, which 
was Hercier*s residence till his death. 



Passmg through Ritter Gasse, we reach 
the Hof Theater, built in 1907 by 
Heilmann and L'ttmann of Munich on 
the site of a former edifice dating 
from Goethe's times. It is remarkable 
for its noble simph'city of style and 
its moJern appliances, its orchestra its 
arrangemeiil of stalls, boxes. &c. Before 
the theatre stands Rietschel^s Monu- 
ment tn Goethe and Schiller, executed 
in bronze in 1857. In Wieland St., to 
the N.. IVieland's House is situated. 
Ao. 12 Schiller Si, close by. is 
'Schiller's House^ which, was the 
residence of the poet during the last 
three years of his life* and is now 
the property of the town. Its most 
interesting room is the study, which 
has been left in exactlv the same 



HOTEL ERBPRINZ. 



WEIMAR. 



first4:lass family house, situated on the mark*:t place, next 
TO the schlosspark and all curiosities. 

513S founded 1749, THE NEW PART 1898. 

ROOMS uCCuPI'D BY GOETHE, SCHILLER. LISZT 4o. 
-- ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATH AND W. C. -- 

LARGE TERRACE OPENING ON THE HOTEL GARDEN OF 



1200 iq.m. 



PROPR. CARL VETTER, FORMERLY AT THE 
HAHBURGER HOF-HAHBURG, SAVOY HOTEL- BERLIR. 



state as at the time of the poei*s 

death in 1805. Proceeding down 

Schiller St., and turning to the right 

through Frauenthor St., we reach 

Goethe Ph, where stands the house 

presented by Duke Carl August to 

Goethe and occupied by him for 40 

years* It is now open to the public, 

and is styled the Goethe National 

Museum. The many art treasures 

hich it contains, as well as its 

jcorations and appointments, witness 

the varied but refined taste of the 

"eat mind which still seems to haunt 

i chambers. Very few modifications 

ve been made in the arrangements 

the house. The hall and staircase 

I just as Goethe had them con- 

'icted and decorated in 1 /92. In 

dining-room there are portraits 



and casts. The ''Juno" room con- 
tains the piano played on by the 
twelve-year-old Mendelssohn in 1821. 
P ctures sMd statues adorn every room : 
the mo<t mterestmg are perhaps those 
ill the Deckenzimmer which comprise 
sketches by Goethe. The little Garten- 
zimmer contains Silhouettes cut by 
the poet In the study, which has 
suffc-red no change since Goethe*s 
death, there is an old family clock. 
The adjoining apartment was the poets* 
bedroom, where he died sitting in his. 
arm-chair on the 22od March 1K32. 
In the N. of the town beyond the 
Stadt-Park rises the Museum, in which 
are to be seen the celebrated frescoes 
by Preller, illustrating the Odyssey. 
There are also a number of other art 
treasures, Weimar possessmg, since 



141 




Schiller and Goethe Denkmal. 

"Der VerkehrS' und Verschonerungs-Verein in Weimar" 

supplies information 

gratis to all persons visiting Weimar. 



142 




MAGDEBURGER 

PRIVAT-BANK 
FILIALE WEIMAR 

VORM. 

JULIUS ELKAN 



SPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO CIRCULAR 
LETTERS OF CREDIT, THE CASHING OF 
CHEQUES, BANK-NOTES AND FOREIGN 
. - MONIES OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. - - 



«9S? 



ALL KINDS OF BANKING 
BUSINESS TR.\NSACTED. 



SAFES. 



STRANGERS VISITING WEIMAR READILY 
- - SUPPLIED WITH INFORMATION. - - 



1860, a School of Art, of which Preller 
and GenelH are among the principal 
representatives. In the Griine Schloss 
is the Grand Ducal Library, which, 
apart from its 280,000 vols., boasts 
a large number of interesting busts 
and a valuable collection of coins 
and medals. The busts include three 
of Goethe, and one each of Schiller 
(by Dannecker, cf. Stuttgart), Herder, 
Gluck, Tieck, Lessing, Wieland and 
Winckelmann. Of special interest, too. 
is the museum's geographical collection 
comprising 800 maps, of which the most 
remarkable are two of America drawn 
in the early part of the J 6^ century. 

The tower of the building contains a 
winding oaken staircase said to have 
been constructed by a prisoner in 167 1 . 

In a building opposite to it is the 
Russian Chapel, and, on the right 
bank of the Ilm, is an edifice containing 
the "Goethe and Schiller Archives". 

The Raihaus, a fine Gothic erection, 
stands on the Market Place. It con- 
tains Mardersteig's painting called 
'^Bemhard entering the conquered town 
of Breisach"; a purtrait in oils of the 
Emperor William the First; a life-size 
"♦atue of Goethe; busts' of the four 
Weimar Poets. Opposite, at No. II, 
the house which was once the 

sidence of the two Kranachs. 

The Cemetery contains the FUrsten- 

m// (Princes' Crypt) with the tombs 

the princes and also of Schiller 

'd Goethe. 

Other places of interest arei— The 

zt Museum open nearly the whole 



day in the house where the musician 
died, 17 Marien St. the Grand- Ducal 
Museum of Art and fndustry; the 
School of Art; the Grand-Ducal School 
of Music and Drama; the Donndorf 
Fountain; the Belvedere; and the 
monuments to Wieland & Carl August. 
The statue of Shakespeare, near the 
Liszt Museum, represents the poet in 
early manhood: he holds a rose in his 
hand and appears to be in animated 
conversation. 

On a hill -slope to the soutk of 
the town stands Silberblick, a villa 
containing the Nietzsche Archives 
and a remarkable bust of the philo- 
sopher by Max Klinger. 

JRBTA. — POP.t 24,000. — HOTKL: 
Dentschef Haas. — JENA is • celebrated 
university town in Saxe-Vf elnar. It lies 
Ht the oonflaence of the Leatra with 
the Saaie, and, apart from its qnaint 
buildings and streets, is interestiufi: on 
Hcoount of the many historioal reminis- 
cences -which it calls up. Thus, the 
Sehwarzer Bir is the site of the Inn 
where the Swiss students met Luther 
on his way to Wittenberg in 1^^^ 
Moreover, many bouses are marked 
with memorial tablets, among which 
may be mentioned, 8 Sohiller-G&sschen, 
18 Kichte PL, 7 Leutra St., these being 
the houses in which Selilller, Flchte and 
Arndt respectively lived while at Jena. 
There are also other houses connected 
with Schill«>r; and, in the Botanical 
Oarden, and Seh!os8 Gasse, Goethe^s 
lodgings are pointed oat. At the Schloss, 
''Hermann and Dorothea*' was written. 
This edifice, formerly the residence of 
the Duke of Saxe>Jena, is now the de- 
pository of the Unitersitj Colleetions. 
Another important building is the Weimar 
Hof, containing a Mnsenm of Edneation. 
On the Markt PI., there is a statue of John 
Frederick, the founder of the University. 



143 



r 



Young ladies 



wishing to study music, art and modflm 
languages will be received in the com- 
ic riahle and refined home of a German 
ol fleer's widow and her daughters 
Highest connt-ctions. Board 30 DclLari 
pef month. The English Church 10 Min. Tennis court close by. t^st -««• t.^* 3444 

Fpau Major Schneider, 3 Bismarok St, GOTHJI. 

Tb4 BtndentB of Jena have ever taken 
a ^taat interest in political mo vem«>ntH; 
Hndf id cfiromemnration of the efforts 
ina^i^ towards national Hb#»rty after 
Ka)«oleorrfl downfall, a Bwrseheiifehafts- 
UfjnkiiiAi has been raised at Eleh Plats. 
Ir wrtB in This town, too. that the word 
'^FhlllstlHO', in its modem sense, arose: 
a etudnnt having been killed in a brawl 
behweet] *town* and 'itown*, the priest 
offir lAtinf^ at the tnneral is said to have 
tak n for his text the words: << Die 
Pii Ulster Iber Dlr, Slmson!" 

In th« oeiKhbonrbood of the town, 
tber» are some pleasant promenades. 
embpMi»bed by one or two statnes; 
tirbtio a puth by the Saale at Kamsdorf 
i» pQintpr^-out aa the spot where Qoethe 
wrote **Tlie karl Klag*^. 

ERFURT. 

POFUl^ATION: 9a640. 

HOTBLtj: Enropalseher Hof; Central. 

CAMS; fiO pf.-l mk. 

T H E 4T K R : Theater St. 

POST OPFICK: The Anger. 

Tbia ancient town, situated on the 
(i^ra. Is the largest town of Tharingia 
and is celebrated for its many historic 
an nar-^oiiB. It was visited by Boniface, 
t.h« Itairllih Apostle, in the Sth cent, was 
a mem^^er Df the Hanseatio League in the 
14^b and 15th centuries, and became, 
later, a part of the Electorate of M ayence. 
Ia 180 , It was annexed by Prussia; and 
it w&a hiire that Napoleon held the 
oeleh rated Congress of Princes in 180i<. 

The lown possesses some fine eccle- 
siastiG^l eiiihces, the most important 
b Clin If the Cathedral. It is a structure of 
the TraiLBLtion period, with -fine porches, 
Mintaina a Gotnic choir, built on a suh- 
atr^otiire termed the Caraten, and is 
rfmart^able for its imposing situation. 
In the f^htiir there is a quantity of fine 
I'arvint? liT.d some beautiful stained-glnas. 
Ibe ball ding also contains a number of 
relie'i; ani, on the S., are some Ane 
clolatflra. T e Sevevi Kirehe« close by, 
It a t ATi'lHome U*>» cent, building; while 
th« Pr»illi^r Kirehe (iSthcent) is worth 
ee«iDg for the sake of its old and earved 
altHr. A nnther tasteful Qothic edifice is 
tha Rarf Baser Kirehe, dating from the 
1^^ pai«t Id the N. of the town is 
iiifn<*tl«f>r Monastery, which Luther 
entereil as a monk; but which is now 
itted ni an orphan home. In the centre 
ot the town are the GoTernmeBt Bnlld- 
tsfs, where Kapoleon resided in 1806. 



1 



On the Anger, a fine wid«« street, ris#a 
a beautiful statue of Lather, unveilchd 
in 1 h9. Finally, the Ba'haaa, at ttip 
Pisehmarkt, is interesting on Mooiutitof 
its frescoes, by Kimpffier, illostriitinetiie 
life of Luther *e., and others, by JanaseT^ 
dealing with the history of Erfte I. 

GOTHA. 

POPULATION: 86/00. 

HOTELS: Herzog Ernst; irflaieTiar, 

PKNKION: Frau Major Schaeider, 
8 B sinarck St., accepts *« limiteU number 
ot young ladies wishing to acquire mo- 
dern accomplishments 

CA Its : 50 pf, in the town ; Vthour, 1 mk. 

POST OFFICE: Iheater PlatE, 

GOTHA is one of the residences of 
the Dukes of Saxe-Cnrmrg-C^utha: it 
lies in a charming ituation, has jilsAsant 
surroundings, and is a busy, commercial 
town, whose most interesting buildinga 
are the following: — 

The Bathansy at the Ma>-kt PL in the 
centre of the town, is a 16th cent atrao- 
ture with a beautiful fa^ad** So ^th warda 
trom here is 8eblos« FrledenstvUt eito- 
ated on a hill, and containing tUn Hiieal 
Library with 200,000 vols., a (^nlli^ction 
of coins fca It is open daily 10—1 i the 
custodian (gratuity* lives in th«* ronrt^ 
yard Beyond the CHStlerises the M nsean, 
containing a natural history collection, 
and a large picture gallery In the grounds, 
on the E side of the Castle, stands a 
monument to Blnmenbaeta, ' he natarnlist; 
while, beneath the terrace of the Maseum, 
lies the Dneal Park, contaii ing a lake 
with an island in the middle on which 
repose the remains of Ernes* II. In the 
neighbourhood is the Observatory. Pass- 
ing through Schlossallee, ami taming to 
the right into Bahnboi St, we reach 
the Dneal Stables, opposite which stands 
the smaller Palais. 

Those not doing the Forest of Thu- 
ringia, may travel ireot to Etiienacli 
(Falda, Salssehlirf) A Frsuilftirori e/H. 

THE FOREST OF THURINGIA. 

This manntainous district stretohi^ 
from Tbmringia on the N. to Franoonii 
on the S., its* eastern & western boar 
daries being respeotively the Saale an 
the vxerra. The total length of tl 
Forest is rather moro than 70 milei 
while the breadth varies trom 6 to f 
miles. The formatioa of tho 



144 



chain is principally slate and porphyry, 
the N. 8um'».itf befog rounded and 
crcvwDod with needle - wood, s>» as to 
present m> st pictaresque views. The 
valleys are well wate fd; an<1 the cha- 
rncer ©♦ the scenery is soft & i tyllif^. 
These attract io s, combined with the 
purity of tlie atmohph'^re » nd ihe pre 
sonce of mineral tipriuf^s, bo' h 8»linA h d 
chalyt'fate, luive calied into exiatHuce 
a nuinb<M of spas and hyiropHtbir 
estahlisiiments. which he pr n ipally 
in the N.W Th« number of visitors 
grows rapirlly from year to year. 

ARNSTADT (POP.: 15.000.- HOT.: 
Goldeae Honn ; Sonne) pretlHy '^itaated 
in Schwarzbiirj^- Sondershaiisen, at- 
tracts visitors by its saline spring 
It possesses a Tnivn Hall iK>*** cent.) 
and a Castle. Its church, the Lieb* 
frauenkirche contains some good 
sculptures and monuments. 

BAD ELGERSIiURO iPOP.: 1.000.- 
ALT.: 1,7U) feet - HOTEL. Korhaas), 

picture>q .ely sitrnted at tnu fooi of 
a lofiy and castle -capped rock, en- 
joys a tine climate and is celebrated 
for its porcelain. 

The resort possesses three excellent 
sanatoria namely: — 

In the village itself the well-known 
Hydro of Dr Barwinski, appnintea with 
modern comfort and standing in a 
sheltered situation. 

Five minutes distant from the rail 
are the admirable buildings of 

Dr. Preiss's Bydropathle* fitted with 
every modern appliance and < ommand- 
ing from thu colonnades and terrace of 
the pavilion a fine view of the Kom* 
bach Valley. 

The third hydro is that known as 
"Hersog Ernst." situated some distHUce 
from th ' village and likewise fitted with 
mor-en applian'es. 

£XCUU8I01I8 : The environs of Bigers- 
bnv(i are very p etty, the best excursirrns 
being to SehmQeke (8Vi hrs.). There are 
two routes:- one via Aril erg, Gera* 
gmnd and 0elilberg; the other via 
r^nehshof. The Seha&eke la an inn 
] [|uented by reason of its elevated 
I lation and its viojnity to the Schnee* 
] f (S'-e below). 

lillENAtJ (POP.: XOfiOa - ALT.: 
U%t — BOTCLS : LSwe ; Taaae) 
j % famous bath beaiitifally »ita»ted 
1 ong wi>ods and meadows iu Goetbe*^ 
' mutij^ Tal*' and *'immergrtlner H>«in". 
] oontainti a Korhsasy and numerous 
1 rapeutie astablishments; e. g. Dr« 
J Iler'i and Dr. Hasseastela's. 



The prettiest walks lie in the valleys 
of the llm and Sophie. Fr<>m the fet'err 
there is n fine c imb to the Sehwalbea- 
sfeeta, where Ooethe wrote the fourth act 
of IphfvenU: other well-l<nown points 
ar« 8ehilli>rlt5he and Kismar^khohe. 
In the parish a* Gabelbaeh* p«*ere are 
portiai B of Qoethe and other inteiCMting 
pic uroH. Tho *«Kleiars <ilabelhaeh" is 
a forH*ite'*8 lodge situated at a height 
of nearly 2,&0 feet. A path thmngh 
the woods leads to the ducal shooting- 
•odge and the Clekelkaha {^M 2 feet). 
Ho" e 1.^ yards from this spot th^^re 
used to be a little wooden shotting-hoz: 
in it Goethe often passed the night; 
ai d it Mas on one o' its wails that he 
pencilled the lovely lines:— 

"Ueber aUett ©ipfein ifl Hu!)'. in alien 
IX7ipfcIn fpftreft bu faum einen fymdf. See 

The present erection was put up to 
replace the origicuil box burned down 
in 1 70. 

BL.ANKENBURG (POP.: 8,800. - 
HOT. I ^ehellhora's; Lowe; Clirjsopras) 
is situated at the head of tneSchwarza 
valley beneath the ruins of Greifeu* 
stein Castle. 

The principal interest of the p1ae» 
centres in the beautiful valley reached 
by road to the left immediately beyond 
the bri ige: the way soon crosses a small 
stream, and becomes a shady fo >t-path 
along the right bank of the Sohwarsa. 
At the paper mill, a foot-bridge is crossed 
which leads to Ckrjsopras Inn: half aa 
hour further, the tiriesbaehfelseiiy from 
which a splendid view ot the Forest i» 
obtained. Another quarter f an hour 
brings us to the TeafeJstreppe. The 
route may he continued to Trippsteim^ 
which, however, is best reached bj a 
sig-zag path from 

SCHWARZBVRG. - ALT.: 1,160 ft. 
HOT.: Weiaser Hirseh. — The !*«chwana 
laves, on three sides, the 8ehlossbert» 
an eminence rising to a hei{Hit of 
225 feet above the stream and crowned 
by Sehwarsbarg Castle. This has bean 
for eight centuries the ancestral home 
of the princes of SehwarabarvBadai* 
atadt. It contains the Kaiaersaal, an 
AriBorj, and the family vaults. The 
T Ippsteia, mentioned above, is eaaifar 
found b^ means of the flng»r-poets. A. 
viait to It should not be onutted, as tke- 
view from it is one of the finest ia 
Thuringia. 

SUHIi (POP.: 19,(»0. — H0THL8: 
Erene; Deatsekesl kas long been oala- 
brated for its fir earn faetories. The situ- 
ation of the town, in the valley of ttie 
Laater, at the foot of the Domberg aad 
beneath the overhanging Ottlllenstete 
Cliff, is very oharming ; while tiie CalelaM 
Springs and the Bathing IstahUskmeat 
add greatly to its attractiona. 



14ft 



10 



GRAND HOTEL KURHAUS. 

OBERHOF, Thuringia. 

Fint-ratt bouse with all modern comfort in own largf^ park adjoining the forest 

Electric light. Auto>garage. Omnibus at Oberhof Station. 5128 

4: Carriages if desired. 4- Prop. C. Faulmann, Court Purveyor. 



OBERHOP. 

▲LTITUDIt 2,700 feel 

HOTELS: Gramd Hotel Karhavs, first- 
olass, patronised by Americans and high- 
olasi society; ^'Orand Hotel Wfinse]ier"9 
!•* class, large park, elevated situatioxi ; 
Kvrhaaf Harlem- Bad* modem building 
with ev^ry comfort, (see below). 

KUBTAXE: For week's stay, 1 person, 
mks. 2.50; for longer stay, 1 person, 
mka. 6. — ; redaction for two or more 
visitors. 

OBERHOF is one of the most im- 
portant climatic health-resorts m Ger- 
many. It lies on a high plateau far 
above the railway station and at a long 
distance from all industrial centres. 



The whole surrounding district is one 
of great beauty. In every direction 
are seen tree-clad hills rising to a 
height of over 3,000 feet and enlivened 
here and there by green glades and 
sunny meadows. Sheltered by moon- 
tains to the north, the east and the 
south, it enjoys an exceptionally 
equable climate, the mean temperature 
in July and August being 13.2^0. and 
in January 3.2^ C. below freezing-point. 
This, combined with a slight baro- 
metric pressure and an ozoniferous 
and dust- free atmosphere, renders the 
resort well suited for the cure of the 



Altitude 2.700 feet OBERHOF in Thuringia. 2,700 feet Altitude. 

KURHAUS MARIEN-BAD. 

Pbysico - dietetic Kurtaans and Pension* 

Open and visited the whole year. 5130 

^ Prospectus on application to the Prop, and Manager, C. Weidhaas, M.D. st? 



following classes of complaints: — 
Neurasthenia, paralysis &c.; disttir- 
bancies of the digestive and respiratory 
organs; heart-diseases; ansemia and 
general debility; diabetes, gout, obe- 
sity &c. Moreover, convalescents and 
persons coming from Kissingen, Nau- 
heim, Carlsbad &c. are found here 
in considerable number. Epileptics, 
lunatics and persons suffering from 
contagious diseases are excluded. 

Great care is taken of the public 
health. A supply of the purest and 
freshest water is brought, by high- 
pressure conduits, from a source high 
up on the Great Beerberg ; while deep 



have been built and 
introduced throughout 



laid sewers 
water-closets 
the resort- 
Besides numerous lodging-houses, 
there are several fine hotels and the 
handsome Kurhaus MaricH' Bad, This 
last under the management of its 
proprietor, Dr. C. Weidhaas, stands 
on the southern slope of the thickly 
wooded Schlossberg. Fitted with all 
modern appliances for the treatment 
of the complaints indicated above, it 
stands, with its two villas, in a well-kept 
garden with tennis and croquet la""^s, 
being so appointed as to make it ( > 
fortable and attractive in every ^ f. 



-2,700 feet- OBERHOF in Thuringia. -sso metres. 

"Grand Hdtel Wunscher". 

lat clasa houie. Large park and grounds. Exceedingly fine and tranquil positio 

free from dust, splendid view. 120 rooms and saloons, modem comfort. 
5129 Q. Dames, prop., many years Manager of HOTEL BRISTOL in BERLIN 

_ 



r 



SCHNERKOPF, 



the highest point in tbe Forest of Tharin- 
gia, with an altitude of 3,211 feet, and 
oommandins a magnificeDt and cxUn' 
sive view of Thuringia, limited only by 
the Gleiehberg, the Franeontaa Jits, and 
the Broeken* 

BAD GROSSTABARZ. 

POP,: 1,100. — ALT.: 1,870 feet 

HOT.: EvThans. 

BAD GROSSTABARZ is a mnch- 
freqaented an'i beantifally eitaated spa 
at the foot of the favourite Inselber^ 
and at the entrance to the celebrated 
Lanohagnind. 

PRIEDRICHRODA. 

POPULATION: 4,400. 

HOTELS: Earhans, this is a I** class 
house, fitted up in ele^^ant sty^a^ with 
all naodern iioaprovements; Kish^rsogr 



Erait; Hot. k P«vi« tar fielvaaeabii'ffp 
Lanve; Villa Belief tie. * 

FRIEDRICHRODA lies on the slopes 
of pine-ciad hills, and among fertile 
meadows, and, owing to its beautiful 
situation, has become the favourite 
spa of Thuringia.^ Tbe place itself 
is elegantly laid-out with promenades 
and gardens; and, while protected 
from the rough winds of the north 
and the east, the mountains render 
the breezes of the south cool and 
refreshing. For patients there are a 
Kurhaus, Sanatorium ice. Within 
a mile of the town lies ReinhardS' 
brunn, a 'Lustschloss* belonging to 
the Dukes of Coburg-Gotha. Ori- 
ginally a Benedictine Monastery, it 
was converted in 1835 into a Ck&teau 



FRIEDRICHRODA. 

HOTEL KXJRHAUS. 

3441 Tbe First House In the place. 

In beautiful situation. Splendid view. 

ELECTRIC LIGHT. 

Friedr. Eckardt & S&hne, Proprietors. 



of somewhat ornate character. When 
the Duke is not in residence, it is 
open to the public: the park in which 
it stands is very beautiful. 

Other interesting excursions are: — 
Finsterbersen, Sebanenbarr (ruins), Dam- 
mShle, Wolfstiefr, Tborstein (fine view) 
and Inselberf. This last is a peak ot 
porphyry commanding an extensive 
prospect: it is also on the road to 
LiebeastelBy which is reached either 
t' igh Thurin^ia Vallev (9 m.), or 
a ss Hohe KlingO) both routes re- 
q 'ig a guide. 

RUHLA. 

PVLITION: 6,0C0. 

rBLS: Bellevae; Laadgraf. 

HLA is a small town principally 
e jed in the manufacture of tobacco 
p 3. It is also a favourite summer- 
r ^ and possesses a few good points 



of view, the best being those at 
Breitenherg, Ringberg and Wach- 
siein: this last is one of the finest 
spots in Thuringia, with magnificent 
outlook and view of Wartburg. From 
Ruhla, EisenachQtLti be reached in three 
hours, the route passing through Bitren- 
bach Valley across the Rennsteig, 

LIEBENSTEIN, 

ALTITUDE t 1,700 feet. 

HOTELS: Knrhaas; Bellefve. 

Ll£BENSr£IN, a charmingly situated 
and much - frequented spa oontaning 
chalybeate springs and a Karhaas near 
whicu there is a grotto, called ''tbe Erd* 
fall". On the Trlakpromeaadey there 
are a Palais and a Tills belonging to the 
Dukes of Sachsen-Meiningen. Behind 
tbe Kurhaus. a siff-sag path leads to 
the Caatle rains of Llebenstelm. 

7 10* 



1 




Eisenach: Wartburg, 



EISENACH. 



Motel "Dep Rautenkranz". 

Celebrated and genteel, l>t class house of old standing, completely rebuilt in 1904. 

Every modern oemfort. Separate Hats with baths. Auto -garage, 
3725 Prop.: W. OPPEBMANN, Purveyor to the Court. 



EISENACH. 

(BESIDBNTIAL TOWN AND SPA) 

POPULATION: 85,650. 

H0TSL8:"UerKan1ieiikTans'% famous 
l**eiaM bouse rebuilt 1904, e ery modern 
oomfor^ with fine view of the Wart- 
barg« — magnificent new dining-room; 
Ptretenhof, iBtdass; Orosshersog tob 
8aehsep; <*eold. Loewe"; Kalserhof. 

Hot. 'k Pens. Elisabetbenruhe, Marien- 
thai, l«te]., charmingly located opposite 
the Wartburg, opea throughout the year. 

CABS: From station to the town 60 pf. 
eaeh person. Other drives as per tariff. 
Baggage 10 pf. per 20 kilo. 

AUTO-CAES : To Wartburg, Friedrich- 
roda* Inselsberg &c. 

8BA80N: Officially from May l>t— 
SeptOO^^ but, in mild weather, the treat- 
ment may be had throughout Oct. Por 
the greater part of the ^ear, the Baths 
and Sanatoria are open iu winter. 

KUBTAXB: For wnole season,— Mks. 
15.—'; add*l member of family Mks. 10.—; 
every further member Mks.B.~ Ghildren 
under 12 and servants free. 

OFFICES OF KCBOIBEKTOB: Johan- 
nisplati U (Director's oon^. hrs.: lO-l'^. 

ExhibitiOBOfPaintiags.AatiqalticsAe.. 
B. KaUert* Antiquary to the Grand- 



Ducal Court, sworn referee, 19 Gold- 
schmieden St. This coueem is warmly 
recommended, both to purohas is aud 
persons desiring advice in art matters. 
EISENACH is situMted in a lov ely spot 
at the confluence of the Nesse & HOrnel 
near the north-west corner of th- Forest, 
it is supposed to derive its name (*'lron 
Beck") from the iron of thfl dLstrift, and 
to have been founded quire early in the 
Christian era, thou, h the first reli«hl« re- 
cords do not date back beyond the l thoenL 
In 10(3 the old town was destroyed by 
fire; and five years later King Ludwig 
founded the present hiise- a<'h The 
place grew rapidly during the fallowing 
centuries, and, in IHOS, the CharterhouBe 
monks of Erf art established here thc^** 
famous monastery & nunnery; which c^ 
tinned to flourish down to the refornia i< 
Inl525»however,they were expelled t'r 
the town; and their property was c 
fi-cated and appropriated to varl 
philanthropic and social purposes, i 
main portion of the glebe -iHiids b< 
converted into a ducal domain, 
this domain a fine Pavilion and Pd 
Boom &c. have recently been erec 
(1906); and Eisenach has thus addec 
its other interests those of a lea 
European spa. 



14C 




149 




Eisenach Town. 



EISENACH TOWN. Close to the 
entrance to the town is the Nicolai- 
kirchc, built in 1150, in late- 
Romanesque style, and restored in 
1887: at the same time, by means of 
a tasteful addition, it was connec'ed 
with the beautiful Romanesque Nicolai 
Tower, Before the church stands 
Donndorf*s Monument to Luther^ re- 
presenting the reformer at various 
. periods of his life. 

St, George's Church is a late-Gothic 
edifice in the Markt PI. surrounded by 



1269, against Margrave Henry; the 
Luther House, not far from that of 
Ba^h and in which Luther is sajd to 
have lived as a lad with Frau Coita 
(1498): in the middle of the Markt 
Pi. is a gilded statue of St George, 
In the cemetery stands a hfe - size 
bast marking the spot where the 
remains of Fritz Reutet repose. This 
celebrated author, who has rendered 
classic ihfi Piatt dialect of Mecklenburg, 
occupied for some years a villa at the 
head of Marienthal. The house has 



a number of old lime-trees. Opposite j been opened as a 'Reuter Museum* 
stands the Grand-Ducal Schloss, b jilt ' (9—1 2 ; 2 - 6). 

in 1742 and for many years the rest- 1 On a steep and rugged rock, 174' 
dence of the Duchess of Orleans. In I metres above the town, stands^ the 
front of it is a bronze statue of Jo- I famous Wartbur^, whose connection 
hann Sebastian Bach, born here in j with Luther makes it the most inter- 



1685 at 21 Frauenpian now marked 
with a memorial tablet Behind the 
church is a monument commemorating 
the events of 1870—71. Close by is 
the Ralhiu^, embellished with Prof. 
Martersteig's picture of St. Elisabeth 
entering the Wariburg. 

Other hui;dings worth visiting are: — 

The Klemda, a castle erected by 

the Duchess Sophia of Brabant, in 



esting among the many interesting 
sights of Saxe- Weimar. Built in 
1067 by Lewis the springer in 
Romanesque style, it was thoroughly 
but tastefully, restored by Dr. voi 
Ritgen in 1847. It was the residence o 
various reigning dynasties, from th. 
time of its foundation down to 144C 
Under Hermann L (1190 to 1216) 
was the home of German poesy a 



150 



E KAHLERT 

ANTIQUARY TO THE GRAND ^ 
OUKE OF SAXEN-WEtHAR S 

EISENACH, 19 Goldschmieden St 


■5- 


ANTIQUITIES a 
CURIOSITIES 
PICTURES. => =) 



the arena in which, according to tradi- 
tion, Walther von der Vogelweide (cf. 
Wiirzburg) and other minstrel poets 
strove for the mastery. 

But the great interest attaching 
to the Wartburg centres in its con- 
nection with Luther, The great Re- 
former, after bis second appearance 
before the Reichstag, left Worm*? 
on 26t>h of April 1521. A few days 
later, his? little cavalcade was sur- 
prised by a number of masked 
riders acting under instructions from 
the Elector Frederick the Wise of 
Saxony. This prince, being a friend 
of Luther's, had him placed in the 
Wartburg; where he remained hidden, 
under the name of "Junker Georg*\ 
till the first of March 1522. During 
this period, he issued from his hiding- 
place many a telling pamphlet, and 
began, in December, his celebrated 
translation of the Bible. 

The Luther Room in the Wartburg 
is situated in the northern part of 
the building called the Vorburg, It 
is in almost the same condition as 
when Luther left it, and contains the 
reformer's table, his armour as *' Junker 
Georg", some of his letters, his book- 
case and other objects intimately con- 
nected with the great translation of 
the Bible arid similar literary labours. 
One day, while at work, he is said to 
have seen the devil making mouths 
«t him, and flung his inkpot at the 
isitor's head: Satan ducked, and the 
ik spurted all over the wall. The origi 
al stain having been chipped off "by 
inglo-Saxon tourists", a new one was 
lade which followed a like fate. 

The finest part of the Wartburg, 
rom an architectural point of view, is 
he Hofburg^ in which the Land- 
raves of Thuringia formerly lived. It 



contains the Room of the Landgraves, 
decorated with 2 modern frescoes illu- 
strating historical scenes; the Sdnger- 
saal is adorned with portraits of Liszt, 
Wagner, Kaulbach &c., introduced into 
a fresco representing the tradition re- 
ferred*K> above. The Elisabeth Gallery 
is adorned with frescoes illustrating the 
life of St. Elisabeth, whom **Tann- 
hauser" lost through revealing, in his 
love-song at the Minstrels' Contest, that 
he had visited the .Mount of Venus. 
Beyond it, is the Chapel, with old 
stained - glass and wall-paintings. 

Other interesting rooms are the 
Armory in the Dirnitz, the Stables, 
and the Tower, From the Kanonen 
Battery, to the left of the entrance, 
a good view of the whole building 
is obtained. The Kemenate now 
shown to visitors, is furnished for the 
use of the Grand Ducal family. It 
contains 18 pictures representing 
incidents in the life of Luther. 

EISENACH SPA (See also historical 
introduction above & notice on page 2). 
— The spa which adjoins the town 
on the south-eastern side, consists 
of a Pavilion, Pump Rooni and other 
buildings situated in a delightful un- 
dulating park some thousands of acres 
in extent and filled with grand, spread- 
ing trees, many of them hoar with 
age and storied by tradition. 

But though the surroundings art 
so old, the spa itself is quite modern. 
Down to the year 1906 Eisenach de- 
pended solely on its salubrious climate 
as a health-resort. In that year, how- 
ever, the spa was opened, the waters 
of the Grossherzogin KarolinenquelU 
having been condulted to the new 
Pump Room from an estate called 
Wilhelmsgliicksbrunn some little dis- 
tance from the town. 



151 



These waters were in repute from 
the 14th cent, to the middle of the IQth. 
During the 18^^ cent, over a million 
pounds of salt were annually ohtum d ; 
while quantities of Glauber's Salts 
were yielded by the maher-Iye. 
Later on, the waters were turned to 



medicinal purposes and a primitive 
bath-house was erected at Wilhelms- 
^lucksbrunn; and the statistics for 
the years 1840—1843 show a re- 
markably high proportion of cures. 
Mismanagement, however, led to 
neglect of the place; and the watet^ 




were even forgotten, until the recent 
efforts of the Chief Burgomaster 
Schmteder, of Herr von Dreyse. the 
Commercial Counsellor, and others 
fought them again into notice and 
gave them the rare opportunity t ey 
iiow have of re-obtaning and in- 



creasing that well -deserved fame 
which they formerly enjoyed* 

Their efficaciousnesa is evident 
from the (olio wing table of analysis; 
«rom which, ton, it will he seen that, 
in general con positi n, they closel. 
resemole those of the Kissingen Schoi 



162 



bom and Sftlzschlirf Bonifacius, the 
chief difference being their supc iority 
in sulphuric ftcid. 

The Eisenach waters contain in 
1000 parts by wetghi:— 

Sc^iam « . . £125160 

Fotawqnm > . OO^^au 

Lithium , * . 000 im 

Ammonium Oxide 0.001109 

Oaloiom 1.252f4K) 

Strontimn O.OiiHfi 

MagnMiam 18 58V 

Protoxide of Iron 0008742 

Protoxida of Haoganese . . . 0000082 

Chlorine 5.H6502B 

Bromine . . . . - 00 8890 

Iodine 0.00001H 

Snlphorio Acid ....... 1.962o76 

Carbonio Acid, forming with the 
above bases various car- 
bonates 0.126485 

Boracio Add 0.00^4 

Phosphoric Acid 0.« 00015 

Silicic Acid 0018772 



14.602244 
Deduct Oxygen for Chlorine, 

Bromine, Iodine . . . . . 1.328929 



lb.278815 
Carbonic Acid combined with 
the Carbonates to form Bi- 
carhooates ....... 0.1S64a5 

Carbonic Acid Oas 0016RM 



Total of Ingredients 18.451684 
This favourable composition led 
Professor Kionka of Jena to publish, 
in the Balneologische Zeitung, an ap- 
preciation, in which he states that 
the waters will be found efficacious 
as baths in treating scrofula, rickets, 
glandular swellings, deposits due to 
inflammation, chronic suppuration, 
female complaints and, especially, 
rheumatism. Taken as a medicine, 
their wealth of sodium chloride renders 
them very useful in cases of acute 
and chronic catarrh of the stomach 
and intestines, and excess of blood 
in the abdommal organs; and they 
may be drunk for bronchial catarrh &c. 
They are also applicable to enlarge- 
ment of the liver and pancreas as 
well as for reducing obesity. More- 
over, they will unquestionably be of 
the greatest service in curing gout ; 
for this disease has been shown by 
modern research to result from the 
liver quite as much as from the kid- 
neys, and the waters of the Gross- 



ktrzogin KaroUnenquclle posseas the 
admirable quaiity of acting favourably 
on boih these organs. 

IE is clear thai Eisenach, which has 
hitherto enjoyed a u c h f a vou r as a 
climHtic health-resort, will, frs a spa, 
obtain world - wide repdte. During 
tlie fifteen years from 1889 to 
1905 the annual number of its visi- 
tors, exclusive of tourists, rose from 
59,705 to 99,548, — high figures 
indeed, and due to the delightful 
climate of the town, to its interesting 
historical associations and to the 
charming walks in the immediate 
neighbourhood as well as in the sur- 
rounding Forest of Thuringia. 

Among then^arer trijM, the chief are :— 

An interesting excorsion to Annathal, 
40 minates from Frauenthor tbioogh the 
Marienthal, which may be done at the 
same time as the visit to the Wartborg. 
At the entrance to the Annathal, a pa^ 
winding to the left leads to the pictaree- 
qae LsadgrsfoBseblnekt (gorge). The 
narrowest part of the valley Is termed 
the Draehensehlaclity and is marked with 
a large "A*'. It is *^50 paces in length ; and 
the rooks on either side approacn so close 
to one another as to make it impossible 
for more than one person to pass at a time. 

On the Gdpelskuppe, a hiil near 
Kis»>nRoh, rises the Denkmalderdestsehea 
liursehensehsft (Monument to the Gher- 
niHn Studentrv) in commemoration of 
the efforts made by German arndenttt to- 
wards imperial union. It is a striking 
structare ornamented with nine eagles 
and bearing representations of Hermaxm 
the Deliverer, Charles the Great, Lather, 
DQrer, iioethe and Beethoven. 

A Bisnarek Colawn has been erected 
on the Watenherg. 

A long list ot more distant excursions, 
varying f^om 1 hour to 1 day, will be 
foun t in the booklet entitled ''Kur- und 
Mineratbad Eisenach** issued by the 
administration. 

II: From EISENACH, 

via SALZUNGEN & MEIMINGEN, to 

COBURG & SONNEBERG. 

At Immelbom, between Bisenach and 
Salzungen, a branch rail on the left 
runs til Liebenstein (see route ^0. 

SALZUNGEN (POP.: 5,000.-HOTELS: 
Knrhsns; Meiaiiiger Hof) is a little spa, 
visited for the sake of its sabne springy. 
Its bnthing and inhaling establishments 
are situated dose to the btation. The 
Kurhaus itself and the Cb&tean lie on 
the Sslsnager Lske. 



153 



MEIMIlTGKBr (POP.t t8,00a — 
pOTKliSt KrbprtBi; SiehtUeher Hof), 

the capital of the Duohy of Saehnen- 
Ifeiningen, is prettily ntuated on the 
right hank of the Wem. Its principal 
sights are:— 

The English GardM, a heautifnlly 
laid-out park opposite the railway-station, 
containing, at the entrance, a War Mo- 
■iinieBt or 1870—71, find, near the old 
churchyard, the familj Taalt of the 
Dakes- Across the way is a host of 
JesB Pa«l Biehter, who lived in the 
town tor two years. In Bernhard S^. 
are the kleine Palais & the fiof-Tbeaten 
Passing the Armory and the Besl Gym* 
nasioniy we oume to the Daeal PaUee, 
part of which dates from the opening 
of the 16«k cent. It contains a Library ot 
ahont 60,000 vols., and a pie (are gsllery 
with specimens chieflv of the Datch 
school. The park and stables lie to 
the N.W. Other hnUdiogs are the Bat- 
havsy Post Ofttee, the Law Courts and 
Hospital. There are some pleasant 
walks, among which the Herrenberr, 
opposite the Dncal Park, and a stroll 
to Hablebtsbsrg may be mentioned. 
The Grosse Dolfliar, a high peak, near- 
ly 8 hoars from the town, affords a 
magnificent view of the Forest. 

COBURG. 

POPULATIOIC: 28.000.' 

HOTELS: Leatbanser; Grfiner Banm. 

POST OFFICE: la the Allee. 

U. S. CONS. OEN.: Henry D. Say lor, 

Esq. 

COBURG lies in a lovely district 
of Brauconia. It is the capital of Saxe- 
Coburg and, alternately with Goth a, 
is the residence of the Dukes. 

The Markt PL is a fine square, with 
a statue of Prince Albert in the middle. 
At the S.E. comer is the quaint old Rai- 
haus. On the N. side of the square are 
the Government Buildings, and a little 
to the right of them is the Armory 
containing the Ducal Library of 
60,0CX) vols. A few paces to the E. 
is Schloss PL, where the Ducal Palace, 
called the "Ehrenburg", is situated. 
It contains an enormous drawing- 
room and a valuable picture gallery 
with portraits of royal personages. 
Close by are the Theatre, the kleines 
Palais, the Guard House and the 
Coburg'Cohary, In front of the smaller 
palace stands a bronze statue of Duke 
Ernst I, Behind the Resident Schloss 



building. The Gymnasium, near it^ 
was attended by Goethe's father, when 
a boy. The house opposite the school 
was once the residence of Jean Paul 
Richter. In the neighbouiing Stein' 
gasse, there is a Museum containing 
antediluvian remains discovered in the 
district. Near the Palace is a steep 
foot-path by which one climbs to the 
Ho/' Garten, Here is the "kleines 
Palais*' and the Mausoleum. 

On a height 620 feet above the tows 
is perched Die OLD FOBTKESS* a late- 
Oothio buildii g, interesting as betag Uie 
place in which Lnther made his tfacis- 
lation of the Psalms and the Prophets. 
Origically the residence of the Counts 
of Henneherg and the Saxon BaJces, 
it acquired a doable celebrity tbrotigh 
Luther's passing three months within 
its walls. The room occapied by him is 
still shown, and contains articles made 
from the wood of the Lather Beeok 
The finest and most interesting part of 
the vast pile is, however, the Ffirsteabair 
erected in the l^th cent, on very ttudent 
foundations. It comprises The Fire- Arms 
Room, with a fine collection; the Eosfi 
Koosiy whose ceiling is decorated with 
nearly four hundTel exquisitely-narved 
rosettes all varying in form; an OratorTt 
with interesting relics; the Beforuailoa 
Koooiy in which Luther is said to have 
composed hin famous Beformation Hymn, 
and containing numerous portraits fra; 
and the Horn Boom, a remarkably ^ne 
specimen of Renaissance work. Th<^ 
building and its museums are open in 
summer 8 a. m.^12 and 2—5 p. m. 

The monament of the Franco- Pr a sftiaii 
War stands on Ernst PI. to the 8.K. of 
the Markt PL 

SONNEBERG in Tharingia (POP.: 
14 600. — HOTELS: Krag's; eenuanls. 
U. S. CONS. AOT.: F. F. Dnmont, Esq), 
buried among woods and hills, is c]«le- 
brated for its manufacture of toys, and 
has recently become a favourite summer- 
resort, especially as it possestiea a 
Hydropathic Establishment founded by 
Nanitfitsrat Dr. Blehter in 187a The 
place also contains a fine Gothic church 
with goud stained windows. 

lia: From EISENACH via FULDA 
to FRANKFORT o. M. 



1 



\^ 



FVIiD A (POP. : 15 000. — ALT. i 696 ft. 
HOTELS: Korfttrst; Wolff) is a prettily- 
situated little city on the Fnlda. It is 
celebrated for its domed Cathedral, ar 
ancient foundation rebuilt in Barooci 
style in the 18^1* cent., and containini 
^ ^ ^ - . .. , . , ,^^. an antique figure of Charlemagne, th 

IS Situated the Afori/;!:A:ircAtf, a 15th cent, remains of St. Boniface &c. Moraovei 



154 



I 



there in ftn mtarefltJc^ SehlOM^A.D.lTli)), 
with gfktdeu p^rtnEiU^iitJy open to the 
ptiblio; the edifices \yfts once the reai- 
dence of the bljbap-priDoes, but is cow 
miuamlpfll praperty. Other bniUllni^i of 
note IU'8:— the Chiireb of St. Mloha^l, 
ad(jao«nt to the Cathedral and po^essiog 
crypt and ootaKon of the 9th oentory, 
the remainder being 11 *b cent, work; 
the Noaneakirehe ; the Periih Chvreh; 
the Batheni ; Post Office Ae. 

Beantifal ezonrsions are found in the 
neighbourhood, sach as to Petersberg 
(1,812 ft.) and to Prauenberg (1,075 feet). 

Frankfort o/M. (see route 14). 

Subroute: From FULDA to 8ALZ8CHURF. 

SAIiZSCHI^IBF. — H0TSL8: 

Kurhens with d^peodance; Salzsehlirfer 
Badehotely property of Aktiengeseilsohaft 
Bad Salesoklirf, close to spring, most 
elegant in Salsschlirf, every comfort, 
lift, electric light, central heating, large 
colonnade and round balcony, princes' 
room, only hotel with baths. 

SALZSCHLIBF is a growing spa 
whose mineral waters have obtained 
considerable celebrity and are exported 
in rapidlv increasing quantity to all 
parts of the world (see Hap of Europe). 

Ml From BERLIN, via WITTENBERG 
and HALLE (see route 10), 
to the HARZ MOUNTAINS. 

EI8LEBEN. 

POPULATION: 24,000. 

HOTEL: Goldener Bing. 

This ancient town is rendered inter- 
esting by its being the birthplace of 
Luther* The house in which he was 
bom is No. 16 Luther St.: that in which 
he died stands opposite Audreaskirehe, 
and contains his death -bed and other 
relics. The principal tokens of the 
great reformer, however, will be found 
in the house of his nativity. Here 
are to be seen indulgences, paintings, 
translations &c., which recall the great 
conflict with Borne. A bronze statue 
of Luther, erected in commemoration 
of the 400 (It anniversary of his birth, 
represents the reformer rending the 
papal bulls. 

The church of Sts. Peter & Paul calls 

^^ many reminiscences of Luther, by its 

tssession of the font in which he was 

ristened, his leathern cap, a remnant 

his cloak &c. 

The Andreasklrche contains busts of 

\ther & Melanchthon and the pulpit 

>m which the former preached. Here, 

>, are monuments of the Ck>unts of 

emsfeld. 

SANQERHAVSEBT (POP.: 12,100.— 
JTBLS: Thfirlnger Hof; Ktiserin An- 
^tta) is an old town whose most inter- 



eatltlg Bigots ate :— ^t. Ulrlohktrt^ke (UStk 
cent); 6^- J»eol>**; the Hitlitiu; and 
thd Ki'iie Sehlofi. 

ROSS LA (POP. : ^,000. — UjtthSmwn^ 

Hotel) c^onUins a modem Goi hie church 
and ia a country residence of Prince 
Siolherg. The place is principally 
interesting as the nearest spot to the 

' KTFFHIuSBB (1,806 ft), a wooded 
height near the Hara Mts. The hill is 
c^ebrated for its connection with the 
legend of Frederiek Barbarossa, who is 
said to be slumbering in the bowels of 
the earth under the ruins of the Castle: 
according to the tradition, he will burst 
the bars of the tomb so soon as Ghermany 
has returned to her former glory, dose 
by the Castle ruins, there is a splendid 
monument to Kaiser Wilhelm I^ erected 
in I8U6 from designs by Bruno SclimitB. 
Some distance to the rT.W. lie the ruins 
of Botheabnrg Csstle. Other places 
which may be reached from here are 
Frenkeahsasen and Bottlebea* 

NORDHAU8EN (POP.: 28,600. — 
HOTELS : Bomisetaet Kaiser; Berliner Hof), 
is a town on the Zorge chiefly engaged 
in the numerous distilleries, nordhdtuer 
being the principal spirit drunk in Ger- 
many. The place contains a fine Cathedrsl 
in late- Gothic style, whose carved 
stalls make it well worth visiting; 
moreover, its Romanesque crypt dates 
from the 12th cent. The church of St. 
Blasias is interesting for its two pic- 
tures by Kranaeh via., Ecce Homo and 
the Raising of Lazarus. Other notable 
buildings are the Mnseam, the Luther 
Fountain and the Bathaus. In front of 
the last, there is a Boland Colnain* 

SONDERSHAVSE.V (POP.: 7,000. — 
HOTELS: Tanne; Deutsches Hans) is 
beautifully situated in the Wipperthali 
it is the capital of Schwarsbnrg Sonders- 
liaasen and the residence of the princes. 
The Castle contains a natural history 
collection and a number of antiquities. 
The Stadtkirehe possesses a valuable 
Library ; adjacent hereto is the Maaso- 
lenm. From the <*eSldener" and the 
"Possea*' fine views are obtained. 

BAD SACHSA (POP.: 2,000. — 
HOTELS: Sehatzenhaus; Korhaas; Bats- 
keller) is the pearl of the Soathem Bars 
and a favourite summer-resort, in the 
neighbourhood of wiiioh is the Bavens- 
berg (alt. 2,065 feet) surmotmted by an 
inn. Near this spot is the StSberkai 
with hotel and outlook tower. The two 
heights, which lie only about 2U0 feet 
apart, form together the finest point 
of view in the whole of the Southern 
Harz, and offer a splendid prospect of 
the <goldene Ane' (golden lea). 

HERZBERG (POP. : 4,200.- HOTELS: 
Karhaus; Welsses Boss), at the edge of 
the Harz on the banks of the Sieber, 



156 



I an old CMtle, oall«d Flntom* 
mIUom B«nbi»r9» whiob oommMidg a fine 
Ttow across the Slehsflsld. The GaiUe 
was probably built by the Bmp. Lotbaire 
in lUO. At the entrance to the Sieber- 
thal, on the right hand, is the royal 
l^lantation, a wood and a botanical 
nurden. Here, too, stande the Korhaae. 
SXCVBSIOHSt Meyer'e Bah, from 
which a good view of the town; Bole 
Soely with proepeot of Sieberthal and 
Oderthal; JetteahShley a large limestone 



grotto with a pond, elAar as cmtal, 
lying on tUe road towards Osterede. A 
longer trip if to Blag Benry's Togelherd 
near Pdhlde* 

G B U Bl D (POP. : 2,000. — BOTELS : 
Xarheves SehBttealiau) is a tavoorite 
summer-resort visited annoally by some 
3,000 tonrists and patients. It is charm- 
ingly situated among meadows and 
woods, and is completely shut-in by 
tbe encircling hills, which renders its 
temperature very equable and pleasant 



Telephone No. i. 
2 min. 
firom Rail- 
Station. 



QOSLAR in HARZ. 

Hotel z. Achtermann 



Tdegr.-Addr.: 

▲•htwnuui Otimt 

1 Min. from Head 

Post-Office. 



Comfortably appointed first-class hotel, in fine, shady park and with celebrated 
old German Beerhouse in the tower of the ancient fortifications erected in 1508. 

Terms: Ledglna, U. 1.50-llk. 3.-; table d'hote, at I e'eloofc, Biu Z25. 

Porter meets all trains. H. PlBPBRt prop. 



Telephone No. 36 

Altitude 

494 metres. 



;iteiDberg-Hotel 



35 min. 
from Goslar. 



with **Kaiser Tower'' 



Specially suitable for prolonged sojourn. Shady promenade on the Kuppe 
and with charming excursions in the neighbourhood. In 1900, the building was 
thoroughly renovated and re-famished. New bath accommodation and water-supply 
from mountain-spring. 

Board and lodging from Hlc. 5.— Mic. 6.50. Lodging for oliort otay Mk. 2.50. 
TabU d'HoU, at 1 o'clock, Mk. 2. VIEPER BBOS^ prop. 



GOSLAR. 

POPULATIONS 16.60a 

HOTBLM: Zum Aehtermann (formerly 
Paid'e Hatei)* This l>t class house is weU 
reoommeoded and in dose proximity to 
a large and beautiful park (see aboTC); 
Meinberg - Hotel, situated 85 minutes 
from Goslar and at an altitude of 1,590 
Ibetb The building was thoroughly re- 
navated in the year 1900, being then ap- 
pointed in modem style. It overlooks 
one of the finest panoramas in the Harz. 
tmd is specially suitable for prolonged 
Kdoum. There are beautiful, shady 
walka an the Kuppe and delightftd ex- 
eocsiona in the neighbourhood. The 
Munmit of the mountain is crowned bv 
tiia *B[aiserturm*, a towar provided with 
an excellent telescope: 

Hal. Haanover, !•« class; 

Hot. HIedersXeiisisoher Hof, with ex- 
cellent eaf6& lovely garden, telephone 71, 
{fyg prioos, see adv. Hotel Achtermann). 

OOSIiAB is a ..very old town situated 
on the Goae at the N. edge of the Ears. 
Said to have been founded in the lOtH 
oont, U became important on aooonnt 
of the silver -mines in the hills and 
especially in the Bammelsbergy at the 



foot of which it stands. Its ancient 
importance is still to be seen in the 
numerous quaint, old houses, the many 
towers, and the remnants of the old 
ramparts. In approaching the place from 
the station, we pass the <^d Paal's Toirer 
and the hotel which used to bear its name, 
but which is now called AehteraaBa. 
This hotel, to which a new wing has 
been added, stands in the loveliest 
quarter of the town, and is surrounded 
with a delightfal and shady park, three 
acres in extents Adjacent to the hotel 
is the *01d German Beer House*, built 
in the **Achtermann**. This renowned 
tower of the ancient fortifications was 
built in 1806; among its cosy rer^esses, 
the 'Bismarck- Ni'«chO* is very celebrated; 
while, on the first floor, there is an 
elegHut dining-room decorated with 
noteworthy frescoes. 

Opposite the tower is a fine Ohurch 
in Bomanesque style connected with the 
monastery ox H eawerk and erected in the 
12t]» century. Bahahof St., which passes 
between these two buildings, leads past 
Jaeobikireiie to the Marlt PI. This 
souare is embellished with a large and 
old fountain havinc two metal oasins, 
and presented, so Uie legend says, by 
his Satanic Ki^jesty. In the middle ot 



1 



156 




Hotel Achtermann, Proprietor H. Pieper, Goslar. 



the sqnan itands the MArktklrehey 
» stately Bomanesqae ohnroh rebailt 
in 1844, the original edifice bavini; been 
burned down. In front of it is the 
Batbaai, a 15^^ cent, strnotnre, lately 
restored in good taste. Tbe interio* (fee 
50 pf.) is entered by the steps on the 
S. side. Its most interesting contents 
are:^ The two large cande aoras made 
of antlers, on the 2^^ floor; and the 
'*KaUersiinnier*', with portraits of em- 
perorS' said to be from Augustas to 
Domitian. The beautiful painting in tbe 
ball is supposed^ by some, to be the work 
%{ the native artist Wolsemuth (1^00; 
Among tbe many excellent specimens 



of 16tii cent, timber arehitectnre posses- 
f^ed by Ooslar, one of Che best is tke 
Bmsttneh (hot. & rest.) on the W. si4e 
of tbe Marktkirche. It was built Vy 
Abr. Thalliek: the wood-earring and 
stained-glass are very intercHting. Oa 
the 8. side of tbe Markt Pi. is tbe Eslsef^ 
worth* The <>ld hall of tbe Tailorn* Qnild 
(149H pnssesst'S a facade deeorated with 
large woo<ten figuren o^ vnrious emperors. 
At the comer of Msrkt 8t« is the old 
Hall ot the BHkers* Guild (1667) adorned, 
likA tbe Brusttach, w.tb wood-e»rTingi 
At the nth«r end of Markt St. isFeakaev's 
Mas om, from which Frankenberger 8t 
leads to the church of 88. Peter A Fsal. 




Steinberg Hotel » 35 muhuUs from Achtermann, 

1,590 feet above sea-level, 

157 



The edifloe datM from th« opening of the 
ISA cent., and oontains a number of old 
freaooes and eome good wood - oarving. 
Close by is Fraakemberger Cloiiter. About 
S minnteg' walk to the S.K is Claattbor, 
and, some distance farther, the Ksiser- 
haasy the oldest secular bailding in 
Oermany. The original strncture was 
erected in 1060 and was the palace of 
eleven snecessive. emperors, the last of 
whom resided here till 1253. The edifice, 
which was severely damaged by fire 
in 1280, has been admirably restored. 
The place may be viewed from U— 1, 
and m>m 2 till dask. The bailding con- 
sists of the Saslbaa, with its extension 
added later, the private chapel of St« 
Vlrleh and the connecting corridor. The 
ajpper- floor of the Saalbau is adorned 
with frescoes: in the interior of the 
chapel is the toml> of flearj III. 

Opposite the building are the eques- 
trian statues ot Barbsrossa and Kaiser 
Wllhelm [. (Walter Schott). 

Sastwards of the Kaiserhaus stands 
the Domkapelle, which is the vestibule 
of the once fionous Cathedral erected 
in 1050 by Bmp. Henry 111. The main 
building was sold in 18&:0 for 1,100 dollars 
and pufled down. The 'Kapelle* has been 
restored; and its portal, with richly 
sculptured capital, witnesses to the former 
grandeur of the Duilding. The interior 
contains a number of interesting relics 
of the Cathedral, among them, the 
Krodo Altar of gilded bronze, the screen 
presented to fienr^ III. by Herzfeld 
Cloister, and a stained-glass window. 

In the S.E. of the town, some 10 mi- 
nutes* walk from the Domkapelle, are 
the Kurpark and the Zwiager: this 
latter is a broad tower in the old town 
wall: from it a good view is obtained. 
Passing along by the ramparts we come 
to St. AsBeahaaSy-a home for women 
founded in 1494. It possesses a chapel 
with painted timber ceiling &c. Con- 
tinuing in the same direction, a walk of 
about 10 minutes brings us to the old 
BTeitenthOT, one of the best-preserved 
gates in the town. Still keeping to the 
promenades, we reach Georgenbergy in 
the neighbourhood of the station, where 
the rums of an ancient cloister have 
been unearthed: the outline of the 
church, with its nave, aisles and five 
towers, is to be clearly seen. 

EXCURSIONS : To Bammelsberg tfines, 
which lie half an hour's walk to the S. of 
Klaasthor. These are the only mines in 
the Hara which are shown to strangers, 
and, even here, foreigners are not sup- 
posed to be admitted. Fee 1^ mk. 
Time for viewing 8—8^ except Satur- 
days. (Miners' dmner-hour 12^1.) 

Three miles to the U. in the direc- 
tion of Harzburg, is the village of 

HAHNENKIiKE. ABBlTALs By rail 
to GkMlar, and thence by diligence 



thrice daily (IVa hours); or, from Lantsn- 
thal in iVi hours. ALTITUDE : UOO feet 
HOT.: Habaenkleer Hof. 

This mountain village is a favourits 
health-resort and, on account of its pure 
mountain air and hydropathic establish- 
ment, is coming more and more into 
vogue. The number of visitors now 
exceeds 4,000 annually exclusive of 
tourists. 

OKER (POP.: 8,000.- Babarestsaraat) 
is almost 2 kilometres in length, and 
lies at the entrance to jbhe romantic 
Oker Thai, perhaps the mos*> beautiful 
valley in the Iforthem Hara. The eastern 
part consists of granite, split into rug- 
ged rocks and cra^ and forming gro- 
tesque and fantastic fignres among the 
dark pine-trees. A picturesqaepath to the 
N.E leads past the Kftstenklippe and 
Blfenstem to 

HARZBVBO. - POP. : 4,000 — ALT. : 
800ft. -HOTELS: Bg^eUng; JaUsshaU; 
Hsrsbarger Hof. Many private lodgings. 

HA&ZBUSG, to the N. of the Broekes, 
and at the entrance te the Bada«tkal» 
is a favourite summer-resort. It enjoys 
a fine situation and possesses a Kvrhavs 
which forms the gathering-point of the 
numerous visitors. The bath, Jallvskall, 
was formed in 1850. Its waters contain 
chlorates and sulphates of .sodium, po- 
tassium, magnesium &o^ with tnMtea of 
iron. The principal complaints treated are 
gout, rheumatism, scrofula, and catarrh 
of the bronchial tubes, stomach &c. 

There is also a spring, recentljjr dis- 
covered, which yields hot water of similar 
composition to the above, and which is 
used as a medicine for catarrh, piles, 
constipation, gout, obesity &c. 

The environs of Harzburg are very 
picturesque and interesting. A pleasant 
excursion is up the valley of the Badau, 
whose noisy babblings have given to it ita 
name (Bow). But the favourite trip is 
to Burgbergy to which there is a choioe 
of two paths, — one starting from Jnlius- 
hsll and the other from the 'Eichea' : 
there are also two carriage-roads. The 
mountain (1,656 feet) is crowned with 
ruins, some of which, the Krodohalley 
are said to be the remnants of an old 
heathen temple. Another was once the 
residence of the Bmperors (1181—1289): 
it was founded by Henry IV. and has been 
twice rebuilt. The spot affords a fine 
view, and is also interesting for its gran- 
ite stone in memory of Uhlaady and fnr 
the Canossa monument upon which » 
engraved Bismarck's memorable wo i 
uttered in the Beichstag in May 1871 
"Nach Canossa gehen wir nicht". 

BOHKEBHAIiliB. ABBITAL: 
rail to Oker Bahnhot; and thence 
omnibus (GO pf.) — Tbis is a pr< 
spot on the banks of the Oker, 
the middle of the most beautifal va 
of the Northern Hara. The sorrov**^'' 



158 



^rflga and rook-naedlee bave Acquired 
oharnuteristie tifaine.^, a 11 oh ns the FrLaeei 
the HOH^i the Goat'i-Haek &a 

THE BROCKEN. 

The Bumnait of this celebrAted heljfbt 
may be fe^acthed by rail, either from 
^ord;h«a8e« nr from W«rnlEPTOdf ; or it 
xa«,y be aflo«Dded ob foot ijom vari^ap 
plBCftSf the mo^t oommon lOQte i»keii 
being that from HftJfsburg vm Melhcs- 
liaifl And SehArfenltflln* The climb in 
this cAset requires neH-dy four hnurst 
carHog^a cqsl 1K,5Q to 27 mkB, incladiDg 
two hoars' stay At the top of the Brftck-sriH 
For other routes see Iliflulmrg-j WernL^o* 
rodf>t Etblai^erode and t^Chl^rko* All the 
roHda leading to the Brucken are fclearly 
niHikM, at irequent intervttlfl, by white 
cap) mis, — the letter B followed bj the 
iTijtiHl of the particalar rente: tbus^ 
ii H etands for lirockeii*H*rabKrj» 

The Brock^n is the highest mokintain 
m central (iermany: it eiamia ^,747 feel 
aboye the aea-level} nnd at a consider* 
able elevation above the other heights 
of the HarK. The SQinmlt ie a bare 
peakf from which, in bright weather, a 
magiiifio'nt view is obtained From the 
tower with which It Is aurmOTinted, the 
eye sweeps the horizon in every direction, 
it being possible to see the spites and 
towers of Brunswick, Hanover, Gassel, 
Gotha, Erfurt and Magdeburg. As, 
however, the horizon never remains 
clear for long together, it is advisable 
to reach the summit before night*fal], 
and to remain till next moininsr. 

Adjacent to the hotel is the Heteoro- 
logrical Station; while not far from the 
south-eastern corner is the Witches' 
Basin and. a short distance beyond, the 
Deril's Pulpit and the Witehes' Altar, 
where, according to the legend, the 
witches meet on May- Day Eve. 

The tradition may perhaps have arisen 
from the *Broeken Spectre*, a well-known, 
thoagh rare, phenomenon, in which the 
shadow of the mountain is cast by the sun 
upon a bank of fog. The legend, it will be 
remembered, has been dettly woven by 
Goethe into his drama of Faust. 



»T,A^'UllEA9UE&e (POP.: AOOO. 
ALT<: 2Q0 ft — HOT. I Sehattemkaat^ ii 
a favourite somriker-resort. It Lies about 
H kilome^rei from tha terminus of the 
!>icbwarEfe]d-LiiteFtierg railway. And, 
on_ account ot the rich mtctes in the 
neijFlibourhood, is called the Mlseral 
Cabinet of the liira^ The town has re- 
tain ei more of its quaint features than 
other plaoes of the Upper Hara. 

( fl Ot. ¥ oi ^U lust}. These two 11 ttl e to wnn 

Lying Gluae together on a high plateau 
('^^001} ft.)f bftve a combined pop. of some 
^000^ almost all of them eo^agud tn 
mining or kindreiJ industrieg. The oli- 
mate ia exeeedinf^ly equable; the atmos- 
pbere ia pure and invii^oratiDE^; whQ« 
thft eiteneive woods und heigbts in the 
neighhonibood render the spot an 
agrei^iible sammer-reaert. 

BftAr\I.AOE, (ABBITAtT Rail to 
Sorire and thence ro^t-coaoh 6 miles. -^ 
POP,: a.OOO - ALT, J LBOO. — fiOtKLSt 
Murk an; Ber^), This oheap iummer- 
nsiottt piotarescjuely situated among pine- 
covet ed hills in the centre of the EarE, 
Kttraeta nnBunlly some S^OOO viititors. 
It pos^e!;ses therapeutio apriDga snd 
several hydros. 

EXCUBSIONS: Via Glashiitten to 
Bode Falls (20 min.); to Bremker Fall^; 
Achtermann^s Hdhe ; Jermerstein; 
Wurmberg. 

SCHIERKE.— Per raUfromWemige- 
rode. — ALT.! 2,000 ft — HOTELS: Car- 
haus with Baths A Cnrsaaly I ■« class, elec- 
tric light, Ii t, steam - heatine, tennis, 
fishing, caf ^3 &c.). — SORIEBKB is one of 
the most charming spots m the Hara. The 
village is a very scattered one. and 
close to a number ot striking peaks: to 
the N.E. the Arensklioter Klippen and the 
Hohneklippen; immediately to the S^ die 
Sehnarrhor (the Snorers). to the N.W., 
the Konlfsberg; directly W. of the 
village is the bald summit of the 
Grosse Winter berg. 

The Curhaus is consequently much 
frequented in winter for the sake of 
fine and extensive sports. 



QPUIPPI/r Harz Mountains near the Brocken. 

OUniE.ni\[. Also Winter station and Winters 



r Sport Place. 

Hotel Curhaus 
ith modern Baths and Cursaal 

every modern comfort 

lectric light, steam-heating, lift. Lawn tennis, trout-fishing, beautiful 
irest walks, Cafe Restaurant, conversation and reading rooms. 

159 



From Sohierke (where the moontftin- 
one character of the Ears make** itnelf 
ai»pareiit) the ascent of the Brookeu 
may well be undertaken. The rond it 
that whi h tome to the riffbt hy Hotel 
Broekea Sehelrferk, and winds on p4st 
thM Neae Chsnssee on the left-hand to a 
granite ffuide-post. Short cuts a*e also 
indicated . in a similar way. Near the 
top, where the road bends sharply to 
the right, a foot-path, by the telegrrikpl)- 
posts, lends past the Witehes' A list to 
the Broekeahsui. In the neighbourhood 
18 a Forctnr'H House. raMed 

DREIAN9rE5|.HOHSrE,lyingnearly 
S^OOu ft. above the sea-level* and po«ie«- 
ing the waU appointed Bote! -Pension 
Drelaaa a-Uohae. The place is reached 
from Dreianaen-Hohne S'stion, tb«* junc- 
tion ol th Harsqaer & Broekea lines. 

lI.SE!irBUKe (POP.: 5.000. ~ BOX.: 
sa dea rotea Forelleoly is one ot the 
prettiest spots in the Bars. It is a 
favourite summer -resort, lyingf at the 
entrani'C to the beautiful Ilsethsl and 
overlooked by Sekloss IDieabarff. This 
oas^tle was, in the lOt^cent., the resi*ienoe 
of the Bmp^'rors: but Benry II« presented 
it to Bishop Araalf : in 1672^ the building 

Sas^'ed into the hands or the counts ot 
tolb'-rg-Wernigerode, by whom it was 
reconveited into a residence. From the 
park, there is a fine prospect of the 
Ilseasteia and the valley. Close bv is 
thti old Benedlotlne Abbeys restored iu 
original style. The Ilseasteia, an enor- 
mouB granite block, an hoar's ifralk to 
the S W. of the Caxtle. is surmounted by 
an iron cross which causes the magnetic 
needle to swing round to the S. The 
stone is situated on the eastern side of 
the beautiful and romantic valley of 
the Use. Along the valley itself, from the 
lisenburg promenades, the Chaussee runs 
beside the river banks to the Use Falls. 
Half' way to the falls, a path to the left 
leads to the Ilsensteia & Plessenbarg. 
whence a path westwards (not S.), rejoins 
the main roai from the Ilse Falls. This 
road follows the banks of the river 
southwards, and then branches to the 
rig^ht, a finger-post (of. Schierne, above) 
pointing the way to the Brocken. This 
route in perhaps the prettiest of all 
that lead to the mountain peak. 

WEBNIGERODE. POP.: 12,000. — 
flOTKLS: Weisser Blrseh, l>t class house; 
Uelchspost; anf dem Lindenberge. 

The principal sights of Wernigerode 
are. — 

The Bsthans, am Markt, a wooden 
structure in (iothic style (14 th cent.). 
Other specimens of timber architecture 
ar«> Oerlitz Honssy Neustadt, and the so- 
called Neustadt Bathans. 78 Breite St. 

Tbe Schloss is picturesquely sitoated 
to the 8.£. of the town. A little north- 
wards are the 8tables and the Lost- 
gar ten, the latter containing a Pslm 



»• — POP.: 10,0-0. 1 
Adler; Krone. 

harmingly situated 1 



Hoose and a large Library. Beyond the 
Castle, and in the valley of the Mllhle, 
lies the Tl^r^arten. 

The most beaut lAU excursion, and 
one which is at the same time on the 
route to the Brocken, is to Steinerae 
Benne. The road runs from the middle 
of the town, south-westwards, along tbe 
banks of the BoUe*aie and through 
FrledrlehstHal, to 

H ASSERODE IbOT.: Hokastela). 

This is a avourite summer-resort on 
the Harsquer Railway Line. Just before 
leaving tke village a taming to the 
left leads through Drelaamea-uaoBe to 
Sehierke. This is the main road to the 
Brocken. Keeping, however, to the right, 
a walk of an hour through the beau- 
tifully wooded vale of the Holtemme, 
brings us to the Stetaerae Beame. From 
here, there is a ohoioe of routes, the 
main road be ng to the left along the 
Hokae Be sue Chanssee. 

BliABTKEBTBURG. — 
— HOTELS: Weisser Adler; 

Blankenburg is charming^ 
on the slopes of the Northern Hars. It 
possesses a Sanatorium and a fine old 
Bathans, with five canon balls mortared 
into the walls in commemoration of 
Wallenstein*s bombardment. Beyond the 
Bathaus, on a commanding spot above 
the town 1.10< ft.) stands the Castle, con- 
taining mementoes of Maria Theresia. 
In the Tiergarten are the ducal pre-^erves 
& the rains of a lod«:e called Loisenbarg. 
From the Tiftrgarten, there is a pretty 
walk along flersoirsweg to Blelstein and 
Ziegenkopr. Returning from the castle, 
along the beautiful promenades, to the 
town, a visit may be paid to the Krieger- 
denkmaly on the 8ehnappelberg to the 
£. of the town, and to the Maseum ot 
Antiquities in Frftnke St. 

Half an h< ur's walk to the K.E. of the 
town, there is a remarkable c ifi^, called 
the Uegenstein, rising abruptly from 
the plain to a heijght of about b70 feet. 
On its eastern side ar^ the ruins of 
Begensteia Csstle, consisting largely of 
ramparts hewn in the rook, 

EliBINGEBODE (ALT.: 2,000 -POP.: 
8.0iio. — HOTELS: Wsldbof; Ooldener 
Adler) is situated in the dip of a plateau 
surrounded by extensive fieMs and 
meadows. The inhabitants are princi- 
pally engaged in iron-mining. The only 
building of interest is the new Goi e 
Chnreh. The Setaloii was burned dc i 
in 17 3: its ruins are still to be seer 

A short distance by rail is the mini » 
village of 

BCBEI^ABTD (HOTELS: Hermani . 
h5hle; Goldaer LSwe), close to which r i 
the celebrated caveo, Hermannshol > 
Bavmannsboble and Bielshohle. The fi '^ 
of these is very extensive, and cons i 
of three caverns situated one above i 



160 



jth«r; th« lAiittb tit tike tipp«itmott h 
mhont 1,^60 feet and, in pmrts, 1@D fesi 

I wome eta]Actit«9 and » orbital ehumbBr. 
I B&flmaa&ihohlfl if aUo eovered with 

it&lActitiai , th« finelt beloR the *'£lli- 
f emde f^uln" (the< ringLng column). The 
BifiUlidJilo i» no longer ibowti. In the 
Bili|«fl-Km»v«Vt wb«re tlie Uofc«t« for 
the cav«a ars obtAinad , tfaerfl Ar« m 
oumbei of ftnl«di1iivian tttnainB foond 
at rarioni times in tfae caves^ 

In the opposite direction to Bihelaimd 
li«5 the route to the Brock ea, to which, in 
■ammer, an omnibus runs twice d»ilj. 
AI.EXI^BAEI (4LT*; 1,050 ft. - 
BaTKLȣ KmfbmBi; eoldene fiosa) is m 
well-known aod hfiMsfci fully ■ituated op ft. 
The ataiOHphere ia pare itnd in vibrating : 
the uimerni spHugf osed for bathiug are 
exceedingly rich in Gl8Lub«r*e lalU, tul^ 
phate of magueaia &o. The vat«r of the 
drinlting foiiutftin la odourlesfl, hot pos- 
«e3sea a styptic flavoui. The f errug^iixoufl 
character of the waters hai acqtured for 
Alexisbad great renown at a place for 
anamic persons, &o. 

EXClJBSIOlfS: To Mftgdespning, 
throQgh the valley of theSelle, on foot 
or by rail; to Haragerodb, a cheap 
■nmmer-resort with 4,000 inhab., either 
by rail or on foot. 

TRESEBIJRG (AEBITALi By omni- 
bns from Rilbeland, 1.50 mk., or« better, 
by post-coach from Blankenburg. — 
HOTELS : %um Weltsen HIneh; Forelle) 
ia a small village at the conflaenoe of 
the Liippbode with the Bode. It is one 
of the most picturesquely sit anted and 
most frequented spots in the Hars. 

EXCUBSIONS: To Wllhelmsbliek i20 
min.) from which a magnificent view of 
theBodethal. From the WelsserHirseh 
another fine prospect is obtained. 
STOL.BERQ. (By rail to Botleberode 
1 and thence by omibns, 60 pf. — POP.: 
2,600 - H0TBL8: Kaosler's; Bberhardt; 
Prensslseher Hot). Stolberg is prettily 
situated in the Southern Hars. at the 
convergence of four valleys. The most 
remarkable building is the Bathans (16th 
cent.), which has been judiciously 
restored. Adjacent to it is the Martini* 
kirehe« in which Luther preached in 1526, 
and Melanchthon in 1637. An old beech, 
at the edge of the surrounding woods, is 
shown as the spot where Luther rested 
n visiting th9 town. An interesting 
imen of timber architecture is the 
Blei* formerly a Mini, 
n a height S60 feet above the town 
ds the Sehloss of Prince Stolberg, who 
le lord of the manor. This chAtean 
ains a fine Ltbrsry, an Arsioryy and 
tsr-pleee, in the Kapelle, by Kranach. 
Keii BSI0N8 : Eastwards, along Auer- 
e Chaussee, to Wolf!gSBgs*H$he and 
irendai returning via Joseph's H$he 
'^ ttl Near Auerberg lisas Josephs- 



bUi (IvSBS fott) «f0i the largeft cmMi 
its the world. 

suPEBOUi: (POP.? i.aoo. - HOTKLS: 
Deene^B Bote! and €nrksna; BelTedere^ 
il a village of the lower Hars which 
at r aggies for more than a mile aloug 
tb6 woddfld slopes and is well-known 
for ifcs ohrtlybeate apringa 

dEBNBOne (POP.; 3,000. — HOTELS] 
D^entaeheT Kstser; DC'StJches Bsas) is 
prettily sitaated oear SLiderode oo Lbe 
Slope of the Stabenbeig, It. poaaaitea an 
interesting Ropfianesque bdiilica {10*^ 
ceDt.)L Itfl founder, whoE^e tomb was re- 
stored in ] 5 19, w as th b H argr ate Q ero. T be 
principal point of view is Sichwedderberg. 

THAl.E. - POP.: 21,600^ BOTEL»: 
Bebertosbsd; u HexeataasplaU; Prln- 
eeia HrnnMlde. 

The vUlnge of ThaJe lies % of a mile 
to the N of the station, arnund whiob 
a number of villas have op. Thia colony 
iDO^udBft the river Bode- The stream 
runs through a wild and maguidoeub 
valley, and divides, in its course, the 
Kingdom of Prussia from the Duchy of 
Brunswick. The valley is by far the 
finest in the whole of the Hars: from 
among the woods which clothe its steep 
and rugged sides, crop up, at every bend 
and turn, fantastic crags with which 
some weird and ancient legend has been 
linked. Thale is also an important 
bath with springs, rich in iodides, bro- 
mides and chlorides. 

EXCUBSIONS: From Hubartnsbad up- 
stream, to Bosstrappe* The route lies 
along the Bode as far as the first bridge 
above Hubertus Island. Tourists follow- 
ing the right bank must cross this bridge 
at Waldkater, and take the path through 
the preserves and across Bfilow Hdhe. 
Another route by which this height may 
be reached is across the bridge near 
the Bleehhfltle and up the hills, bearing 
then to the left. From Billow H5he, the 
road winds along the hills south-west- 
wards to Bosstrappe. This consists of 
precipitous rocks rising to a height of 
some 1,960 ft It derives its name from 
an enormous horseshoe, the hoof print 
of a legendary steed. 

Prom the Uosstrappe, following our 
way a few steps backwards, we come 
to the Sehorre, a sig-sag path on the 
left leading down again to the stream, 
at a spot which forms the entrance to 
the Bodekessel. This is a rugged de- 
pression in the vale of the Bode, built 
up of great granite blocks. Returning 
down Stream from the Sehurre, a walk 
of some 7 minutes brings us to Konigs- 
rnhr, where we oross the stream by the 
Jungfera Bridge and follow a shady 
path through the HIrseh grand to La 
fibres H5he« Here the route turns 
sharply to the left, and bends round to 

HEXENTABTZPLATZ (HOT.: saa 
Hexentanaplats)* m platsaa above the 



161 



11 



fociisi at a iieight o^ \,M h., oommandihf 
a view of the Rosstrappe oppoiite, and 
perhaps even a more striking prospect 
than the latter. From the hotel, the cliffs 
fall preoipitously to the river below, 
whose murmnring is distinctly audible. 
Looking down the valley, we perceive 
Qaedlinbnrg and the quaint town of 
Halberstadt, while, with the help of a 
telescope placed at the disposal of gaests, 
the towers of Kagdebnrg cathedral come 
into view. Taken all in all, Hexentans- 
platB is one of the most delightful places 
to stop at in the whole of the Hars; 
while, apart from its own beauties, it is 
an admirable centre for some fine 

EXCUBSIONS, of which the favourite 
is along the beautiful road past Dan- 
baebshsiis and Pfell's DenkMsl to " 



bnrg (see above). 

From Hexentanaplati. we may return, 
viaWaldkater and the Aotien Brauerei, 
to Thale Station. 

<|1JEDJLINBVR« (POP.: 24.000. -> 
HOTELS: Bar; Buntes Lamm) is situated 
some three miles to the N.B. of the 
Ham Mts. It was founded by Henxj I., 
who, according to tradition, received 
the imperial crown at Finkenherd on 
the road to Sohloss PL: at the time, 
he was setting birdsnares, >- hence his 
surname ^he Fowler'* 

In the town, at Sehloss PL, is the 
house in which Klopstoek was born. 
(Memorial tablet). 

The Bathaus, in the Markt PL, is quaint 
and curious (14*1^ cent.). In front of it 
stands a figure of Bolandf indicating that 
the place was a free town, it having 
been a member of the Hanseatic League. 
Its walls, with thair towers and moat, 
still witness to its andent importance. 

In the girls' school^ there is a Muml- 
eipal Hnsenm containing collections of 
weapons, arms, and records, including a 
codex of the 'Saxon Spiegel' with glossary 
(15tb cent.^. The dymnaslum contains an 
ancient Library with a number of old 
MSS., among them another and evan 
more celebrated codex of the Saxon 
Spiegel 18tb cent.). 

Overlooking the town on the western 
side are the Sehloss &: the Abbey Chareb. 
Castellan in the court-yard (admission 
50 pf.). The castle possesses some inter- 
esting pictures, among them one of 
Aurora of Konlcsmark, the mistress of 
Avgnstas the Strong. The Abbey Chareb, 
with its two towers, was erected in its 
present form by Otto III. During some 
restorations, a small chapel wa^ dis- 
covered to the E. of the tomb of Henry 
the Fowler. In the crypt, which is de- 
oorated with rich and fantastic Romane- 
sque sculpturing, repose the remains of 
the founder and «his consort. In a romb, 
reached by a narrow stairway, there 
are several cotfins, including the sar- 
oophagns of Countess Aarora. 



<)uediint>urg is a good oen^ tmk 
hss railway connection with Thala and 
the whole of the lower Hars. 

HAIiBERSTADT (POP.: 48,000.— 
HOTE LS : eoldenes Boss ; Prlnee Bagens) 
lies in a fertile plain on the banks of 
the Holtemme^ It is one of the most 
central spots for reaching the Hars, 
having direct railway oonneotion with 
all the principal spots in this beauti- 
ful mountain group. The town itself 
possesses extensive commereial inter- 
ests and some important factories. It 
has preserved its medissval character 
to a remarkable degree; and its gabled 
houses give to it a quaint, old-world 
a|>p<»aranoe. In some eases the upper- 
most floor juts out to the extent of 
between three and four feet. One of 
the most interesting examples is to ba 
foand in the Sehahhofy a Renaissance 
building erected in 1679, and richly 
decorated with wood-carving: this house, 
as well as Tetzel's (l->20), is situated at 
the coiner of the Fisehmarkt. Close by, 
in the Holsnarkt, stands the Bathaas 
(14tb cent.). It is a Gothic building with 
Renaissance additions. To the S.W. 
stands an enormous figure of Boland; 
while, at th6 S.B. corner of the Markt, 
the Batskeller is situated. This fine 
timber structure, richly carved, dates 
from 1461. Indeed, the architecture in 
wood to be seen in Halberstadt is 
probably the finest in Burope. 

A little to the N. of the Bathaas rises 
the Hartlnikirehe (14 tb cent.) with fine 
towers : opposite its N. W. comer, a narrow 
Hlley leads on to the Dom PU, where the 
Cathedral stands. The original building 
was burned down in the 12th cent.; and 
the present edifice, begun a few years 
later, was not completed till the ISt^cent. 
Oonsequently, its architecture is some- 
what incongruous; but the western 
end of the nave is pure OgivaL The 
interior is interesting, and possesses 
a screen in late-Gothic style. On the 
Dom PI., there is a monument comme- 
morating the events of 1M70— 71: while, 
at the further end, stands the Chorch 
of oar Lady, the oldest building in ihm 
district. It is a Bomanesqne basilica^, 
commenced in the year 10o6, and pos* 
sessing four towers. 

WOIiFEBTBCTTEIi (POP. : 16,S0a — 
HOT.: Bairlseb^r Hof) is cel«>brated for 
its magnificent Library, of which Lessf 
was librarian. The present building 
a new and beautiful ere^tinn, open. 
weekdajTS, from 10—12 and from 2- 
It contains some 800,000 volumes s 
8.000 MSS. Here, too, may be si 
Luther's bible with his manuscr 
notes, his inkstand, and other relit 
there is a portrait of him by Kntna 
and another of Spinosa. Some build ir 
of note ftre the Sehloss, the Mari 
kirehe and the Barracks. 



L 



168 



18: From BERLIN to POTSMH, 
MAGDEBURQ, COTHEN and DESSAU. 

POTSDAM. 

▲BBITAL: From Berlin by rail from 
Potsdamer St or Kriedrioh St. Stations. 
In lammer, pleasant steamer trip from 
Berlin, - POP. : 60,00a Sc garrison of 7,000. 

HOTILS: Palast Hotel, l«tolass, llsen- 
.bahaHot.; Ueatsehes Hau; llnsledler; 
Stadt KoaUsbery. 

BOABDINO-HOUSl: Tke Ladles' 
Boiaes, 10 A; 1 1 Marien St. See also Berlin. 

BBSTAUBA.NT8: Barffhalter, 2HS Bran- 
denbargerSi.; Caf< Sanssoaeiy Branden- 
bnrger Thor; WUdpsrk Station; BQrger- 
hoff on the way to Babelsberg; Femuu 

STEAMBOATS t From Lange Brtioketo 
Glienieke, Saorow, Moorlake, Pfanen- 
insel, Wannsee, Tomow, Templin, 
Capnth, Baomgartenbrilok and Werder. 
On Mondays, a trip is generally made 
round the Isle of Potsdam, 1 mL 

POTSDAIC, for more' than a century 
the residence of the royal family, is be- 
autifully situated on the Havel, and has 
been, nom earliest times, the seat of 
the goTemment of Brandenburg. It has 
become interesting through its con- 
nection with Frederick the Great, who 
erected here a large number of palaces 
and other buildings. The most interest- 
ing of these are the following, namely :~ 

Stadtsehloss, where Frederick the 
Great lived, and which contains a 
number of rooms all left as he used 
them. From the western side, a '^Golden 
Stair-case** leads to the main boildings. 
One of the most interesting rooms is 
the Msrble Ssloon, with magniilcent 
paintings by Vanloo, antique clocks &o. 
Before the Schloss stands a large lime- 
tree, where persons waited to present 
their petitions to the king. 

In the neighboarhood is the JauU 
rartea, adorned with bronse busts of 
York and BltLoher and several , other 
interesting persons, all by Ranch, and a 
bronse statue of Frederick William I 
near the parade ground on which he 
used to drill his grenadiers. 

Frledensfcirehe is a church in^earlv- 
Ohristian style. It possesses a dock- 
tower 180 feet high, and some beauti- 
ful Italian sculptures. We enter the 
ministers by a Bomanesqae portal in 

Ta-ootta and afterwards find our- 

I 7es in the Atrium, where several 

sculptures are to be seen, such as 

I aes of Hoses, Aaron and Bar(BaachX 

I . a com of Tbe BIsen Christ by Thor- 

dsen. To the right of the building is the 

Isnsolensiy a magnificent erection 
j different sorts of marble. In the 
i lotnre repose the remains of the 

peror Frederlek III. and his consort. 



1 former Princess ^yal of Bneland. 
'e them, there is a magnificent 



tomb, with a recumbent figure sculp* 
tured by Begas and forming one of his 
finest works: in the altar-niche, there 
is a Piet4 oy Rietsohel, with a sareo- 
phagus of two of Frederick's sons on 
either side: the whole is filled up with 
flowers and wreaths sent by various 
emperors and other personages. 

In the Park of Sanssoael there is 
the Great Foantstai« the water of which 
rises to a height of 190 feet; round the 
basin stand 8 marble figures, of which 
the Venus (Pigalle) is the most beautilul. 
Straight ahead, we ascend a broad flight 
of steps 66 ft. high, and broken by six 
terraces with fine beds of fiowers, hot- 
houses and the graves of Frederick the 
Great's dogs. The monarch himself also 
wished to be bur;ied here, that he might 
be truly *8ans souci*. We now reach the 

Palace of Sanssoueiy erected by 
Knobelsdorfi. It consists of only one 
story; and the rooms where the king 
lived and died are still in the same 
order as he left them. The most Inter- 
eeting apartments are:— 

The Boost of Yoltaire» with curious 
wood-carving and painted walls designed 
by Frederick to represent the character of 
the French wit, the peacock typifying his 
vanity, the ape his mimicry, the parrot his 
garrulity. The Librsr j is, of course, quite 
French, and curiously arranged. The Pie- 
tare Gallery contains several good paint- 
ings by van Dyck, Bembrandt» Ooinelius 
von Haarlem, Bubens &io.: the visitor 
should take care that it is shown, and 
not be put-off with the corridor where 
Watteau's pictures are hung. 

TheOraageryt in Florentine style with 
several good paintings & sculptures and, 
on the terrace, the statues of Ceres, 
Flora Ac. 

The New Pslaecy the summer residence 
of William II, is dosed to visitors from 
May till towards November. It contains 
aoo apartments, the Imperial iamily 
residing in the K. wing. The SheU 
Saloon IS richly decorated with precious 
stones and souvenirs brought back by 
William n from his travels. Furthermore, 
the palace contains a theatre, a Marble or 
Concert Saloon with magnificent painted 
ceilings &c. Near the Palace is the Haaao- 
leasifWith a marble statue of Queen Louise 
and the Temple of Friendship, built by 
Ghontard, in memory of the sister of Frede- 
rick the Great, Margravine of Bayreuth. 

The Ckarek of St. Nlekolss, to the N. 
of the above-mentioned Palace, is a domed 
and cubical building erected in 18B0 by 
SohinkeL It contains several fine frescoes 
of Christ with the Apostles (Sohinkel). 
'The Sermon on the Mount' (Kiss) Aco. 
Behind the chancel are stored -up the 
uniforms of the soldiers of the 'Alexan- 
der' and 'Frana* regiments, named after 
^e respective emperors. 

BXCUBSIONSt To Babelsberg, with 



168 



11* 



a piotoreaaue oh&teau in Tador style 
(Sobinkel), lying on a sloping and grean 
hill whenoe a magnificent view ox the 
Hayel is obtained. The oh&tean con- 
tains the rooms of Emperor William L 
and Bmpress Augusta, all left un- 
touched. The place also calls up many 
reminiscences of Prince Bismarck, as 
well as of Frederick III. and his consort; 
while the whole illustrates strikingly 
the simplicity of the HohenxoUern 
house. In front of the building, there 
is a BruanendenkmaL built of stones 
from the Cathedral of Cologne. Behind 
the ch&teau, is the Lime Tree of ToUaire. 
There is also a seat with busts of 
generals who fell in the war of 1870. 

MAGDEBURG. 

POPVLATIOiri 210,700. 

HOTELS: Magdebvrgerhof, Ulrich St., 
good hotel, excellent cuisine; Stadt 
Hagdebargy lit class; Central, close to 
Station; Welsser Sehwam. 

CABS: For drive in town 60 pf. to 
1 mk.. Vt hour, 1 mk.— 2J50 mks. 

U. 8. CONS,: Frank S. Hannah, Esq. 

General Offlees of the Hamburg- 
American Line: 98 Kaisers trasse. 

The Capital of the Prussian Province 
of Saxony is a thriving industrial town 
on the left bank of the Elb. It is the 
centre of the German beet -sugar 
trade, and contains a great number 
of factories of various kinds. 

The chief buildings in the town are :— 
The Cathedral, a Gothic edifice whose 
choir dates, in part, from 1207, the 
rest having been erected in the 13*^ 
and 14tli centuries, and restored in 
the days of Frederick William III. 
On Dom Pi. is situated the lioyal 
Palais, now containing the Museum; 
while, a little to the N., stands the 
church of Our Lady, commenced in 
the ll*Ii cent, but altered later and 
restored in 1890. In the Alter Markt 
stands 'the Rathaus, with a statue of 
Otto L in front of it. The Monument 
of the War of 1870 is erected to the S. 
of the Cathedral and close to the river. 

Magdeburg is a very important 
railway centre, being the junction 
for Breslau, Dresden, Leipsic, Halle, 
Brunswick &c. 

Halfway between Magdeburg and 
Halle lies 

COTHEBT (POP.: 28,000. — HOTEL: 
Prins Ton Preossen Ac.)) possessing a 
I6th cent, castle (fine ornithological 



collection), and an old Gothic ohurch 
with a font by Thorwaldsen. The place 
mannfactores a quantity of beet -sugar 
and is the junction for 

DESSAU. 

POPULATION: 65,000. 

HOTELS: eoldener Beatel; Goldeaes 
Sehlir. 

CABS: 1 person, 60 pf., 2 pen., 60 pf., 
4 pers., 1 ink 

DBSSAU is the capital of the Dnehy of 
Amhalt, and the residence of the Dnkas. 

The most important edifice is the 
Dtu:al Schloss, on the banks of the 
river. The £. wing of the building 
was designed by Kuobelsdorff, the 
W. wing dates from the middle of 
the 16t^ cent., the remainder of the 
building being quite modern. 

The castellan's fee is 2 mks. On the 
ground floor of the Schloss, there is a col- 
lection of paintings, antiquities and re- 
lics, including a silver goblet &c. taken 
from Napoleon at Waterloo. The first 
floor contains specimens of the works of 
Santa Croce, Perugino, & other Italians. 
On th€ second floor, there are some 
fine pictures from the Dutch school. 

On Grossen Markt, there is a Statue 
of Prince Leopold, onQ of Frederick 
the Great's generals commonly known 
as the 'Old Dessauer*. The remains 
of Prinze Leopold and other princes 
repose in the vaults of the Schloss- 
kirche at the Grossen Markt. Another 
interesting monument stands in front 
of the Real-Gymnasium in Cavalier St. : 
it is that of Wilhelm Miiller, author 
of the **Griechenlieder*'» and father of 
the late Prof. Max Miiller of Ox.'ord. 
In the Tower of Ihe Leopoldstift 
(Askanische St.), there is a Geological 
Museum. Near it is the Mendelssohn 
Institution, erected on the site of the 
house in which the great composer 
was bom. At Kleinen Markt is fh« 
Rathaus, a 16th cent, edifice restc 
in 1883 : close by is a marble mo 
ment commemorating the jubilee 
Duke Leopold Frederick. 

At 12 Zerbster St. is the Amdi 
stiftung, containing valuable coii 
tions of pictures by German, Fler 
and Dutch artists. The first bel^" 



164 




"" BflniUGEN. 

Hotel National. 

Flfst-Gla$s Family House. 
Electric Light. 

Cafe and Billiard Room 

(5 Tables), American aad 

English Newspapers. 

Headqiiarlera 
of the American Cdany. 

English spokeij. 
Pn>p. EHNST SIEGFRIED. 



the 1 8th cent, school and are of no great 
merit: among the Dutch and Flemish 
artists will be found examples of van 
Byck, SteetiwyK Fiehr Potter &c. 

14: From BERLIN,^ via POTSDAM 
ftnd MAGDEBURG (8e« route 13), to 

60TTINGEN, CASSEL, 
WILHELMSHOHE, WILDUNGEK, MAR- 
BURG, GIESSEN, BAD NAUHEIM, 
FRIEOBERG, SCHWALHEIJW. GROSS 
KARBEN and FRANKFORT o/Maln. 

GOTTINGEN. 

POFULATIOSr SO.350, 

U0TtL8 : National, !■* olasB. family 
hoaa^. Amenoan patmnaE^A, Inr^o bil- 
liarrl room &c.; EDir Krone* lit class; 
fie b bard, at the station. 

BAIfK: Seekel * Htrscb, 3 Prinsen St, 
exchange and deposit, letters of credit 
cashed. 

This ancient town, prettily situated at 
the foot of the Hainberg, is celebrated for 



its Umt'crsiiy, founded by George IL 
in 1737. In the old monastery, near 
St. John's Church, is the University 
Library, consisting of over 400.000 
vols, and 5,000 iMSS. In the Markt PI 
is the picturesque Raihaus, whose 
principal hall is decorated with paint- 
ings by Schaper» There is a Picture 
Gallery in the Aula, at Wil helms PL, a 
square embellished with a statue of 
WiiUam I, Close by, at 13 Burg St.^ 
is the Municipal Collection of Anti- 
quities. Near Geismarthor, is the Chemi- 
cal Laboratory and an Institnie for 
Physics. There is a Lecture Hall at 
the end of Weender St., a street made 
famous by Heine^s sarcasm. Heine, 
t])e two brolbers Grimm. Bismarck, 
Motley and many other celebrities 
studied at Gdttingen, the houses in 
which they lived being frequently 
marked by a plate or a tablet. 



SECKEL & HIRSCH 

1PRINZEN8TR. GOETTINGEN PRINZEMSTR3 

EXCHANGE AND DEPOSIT OFFICE 



IMS 



OFFICE OPEN FROM 8-1, 3-7 
--SATURDAYS, FROM 8-2-- 

;iRCULAR NOTES AND LETTERS OF CREDIT CASHED. 



165 



CA8SEL. 

POP.: 190,873. - ALT.: 500 f«ei. 

HOTELS (t<«olaM): K^g of PniMia, 
family house, b«aatifiiUy situMted near 
the station- at Kdnin PL and patronised 
by royalty and best American society; 
Sehirsiery comfortable; Casseler Hof, 
electric li^^ht and every other modem 
convenience, good .restaurant and large 
wine storcii: Bo jal; da Nord; Kaiserhof, en- 
larged, modem comf., moderate charges. 

CABS; From station and in central 
districti of town, 50— 80 pf. 

U. n. C0N8 Af}T.: Herr Ovsiav CKothe, 
18 Hobeumolliirn St. 

SRfiL. Cli>: Si. Alban's, Oonveot St., 
Bev J. If. ThomBS, M. A. Oxon.* 76 Hohen- 
aoUern St. San. laso a. m., 6.0 p. m., 
Wed. 11.0; Fr. aaO; SS. 10.80. H. C. Son. 
and SS. 8.0. l^t and Ifd noon. 

BANK t Maaer k PUat» 11 Colnische St., 
highly recommended for all transactions. 

BATHS: Bathing in the Falda. Warn 
Bathat Brdmann, 1 Manor St 



TRBATBI: KVnlgl. Bof-Thoaler was 

erected inl766,thoagh not till later adaptsd 
to its present parpose ; it seats 1,800 psra,, 
is open from Sept. 1st till June 9>>tk, «Qd 
is under the management of Fretkert 
von aad s« GUsst f OnigL Kammorhsfr. 

CASS EL, situated in a high and 
healthy spot, was once the capital of 
the Electorate ofHesseH. It is now the 
seat of Government in the province of 
Hessen-Nassau, and, since its annexation 
to Prussia in 1866, has become a large 
and important manufacturing centre. 
The population, which, within this 
period, has nearly trebled, is engaged 
principally in the manufacture of loco- 
motives, cars and tools. The town is, 
however, also devoted to art, and 
possesses a considerable number of 
interesting collections & fine buildings, 



MAXJEB & PliAUT 

C81ni$d)e $tra$$e It GA.^^:E1JL4 e$int$d)e $tras$e 11 

EXCHANGE & DEPOSIT OFFICE. 



1607 



OfQces open from 9—1, 3—7. 
■ Saturday from 9 — 3. — 

Circular notes and letters of credit caslied. 



In Kurfiirsten St., close to the station, 
are the Imperial Bank, the Industrial 
Museum and the School of Art. 
At the end of the street is Friedrich 
Wilhelms PI., embellished with a foun- 
tain by Schneider: the allegorical 
figures, representing the rivers Fulda, 
Werra &c,, are by Bchtermeyer, 
Running south-west from here is 
Stdnde PL ornamented with a double 
avenue of linden- trees. Here are situated 
the Stdndehaus and the Hall of Art, 
The latter stands at the corner of Wil- 
helm St., and contains an exhibition of 
modern paintings, Cassel vying with 
Diisseldorf for the 3^ place among 
the art centres of Germany. 

The S.W. corner of Stande PI. is 
occupied by the Barracks, Here we 
turn to the left and, passing through 



Gr. Friedrich St, reach Wilhelms PL, 
where the Oberprdsidium stands. 
The large building close by is the Wit* 
helm's Gymnasium; from Wiihclm's 
PI., we take the Obere Konig St., the 
principal business street of the town. 
A few paces along it on the ri^ht- 
hand side is Mess PI., embellished 
with a bronze bust of Burgomaster 
Schomburg, A little further on, the 
street passes Opern PL, where, in 
front of the Opera House, stands a 
bronze statue of Louis Spohr, who, 
for 36 years, conducted the orchestra 
here. Leaving Friedrichs PL on the 
right, we proceed to Kdnig"s PL, 
a large circus containing the principal 
hotels and the Post Office. Following 
the tramway to Bed wig St. and turning 
to the right, we reach Martins PL 



166 



style, 



century building in Gothic style, the 
choir of which contains some old 
monuments, such as, Philip the Ge- 
nerous with his Consort and that 
to Prince Philip of Hessen, 

Returning southward through Mittel- 
gasse to Stein weg, we reach the Natural 
History Museum, open Mon. and 
Thurs. from lO—l, and Thurs. and 
Sat. from 3—6. On the ground-floor 
and Ist floor are the natural history 
cabinets with a herbarium said to be 
the oldest in Germany (I6th cent.): 
the second story contains the £thno> 
logical collections. Adjoining it is the 
Military School and next to this 
stands the Museum Fridericianum. 
This latter was instituted by the Land- 
grave Frederick II. in 1769, and con- 
tains collections of coins, antediluvian 
relics and a few classical sculptures. 
Its Library, in which the Grin^ms 
laboured for 15 years, possesses 
170,000 vols, and 1,600 MSS., among 
the latter being many rarities. At the 
corner of Friedrichs PI. is the old 
Palace of the Electors: while in the 
centre of the square, which is very 
large and bounded on three sides by 
avenues of trees, stands the statue 
of the Landgrave Frederick II, made 
notorious by his having hired 12,000 
soldiers to the English to assist 
them in the American war of Inde- 
pendence. 

At the south-eastern end of the 
square is a handsome gate, called the 
"AueThor**diTid adorned bySiemering's 
bronze reliefs of the "Warrior's Fare- 
well and Return'*. It leads on to the 
Aue (meadow), a fine promenade with 
^rench landscape gardening and beau- 
tiful trees. It contains a fine Orange 
^ouse and the Marmorbad, a pavilion 
mbellished with marble statues by the 
rench sculptor Monnoi (Bacchante, 
'aun ftc). Close by is Kuuperfs 
lonument of a sleeping lion; while, 
cross Bellevue, rises BellevueSchloss, 
rhere King Jerome resided (1811 to 
113): ft is BOW oocupied by s German 



Gehefal, and, iA ii,\ht Academy Of Arts 
has its. seat. Adjacent to it is the 

Picture Gallery, a large Renaissance 
structure, containing a fine collection of 
works by Italian, Flemish and Dutch 
masters: — indeed, the Cassel Gallery 
possesses the best collection In Ger- 
many of pictures by Rembrandt and 
Hals. The ground-floor is filled with 
casts, miniatures, mosaics, porcelain &c. 
The picture . gallery will be found on 
the first floor: it consists of about 
1,000 paintings, of which the most 
noteworthy are; — 

ROOM /., van ByclCs Madonna 
(119); Franz Hals' Portraits (213 
and 214); Rembrandt's Portrait of 
himself (237); ROOM IV„ Titian, 
Portrait (488); Tintoretto, Portrait 
(497) ; CABINET 12., Hals' The 
Cavalier (219). In all, there are no 
fewer than 20 Rembrandts, and a 
large number of paintings by Rubens, 
Jordaens, van Dyck &c. 

Recrossing the meadow, with its 
Bowling Green and fine view of the 
river, we come to Schloss PI., at the 
N.E. corner and close to Drath Bridge 
where the Palace of Justice stands and 
whence a quarter of an hour's walk 
northwards over the Altmarkt brings 
us to the Armory and the Artillery 
Barracks, Hence, through Bremer St, 
the Synagogue is reached. 

From Konigs PL, an electric tram- 
way car runs to 

CASSEL -WILHELMSHOHE. 

.HOTELS I erma4 Hotel WUhelnsliSlie 

(formerly Sobombardt), !■* elaas, lovely, 
sheltered iitufttion in the royal Park, 
admirably adapted for supplementary 
enre and winter residence, care thonld 
be taken to address all oommimioationa 
*>Grand Hotel WilhelmihObe"; Hotel- 
Pension SehembardI, !■« olass. close to 
royal park, beantifol location, own 
froonds, modern comfort, moderate char- 
ves; Hotel Sekloss Welssensteln facing 
Wilhelmsbdhe Station and stopping- 
place of all electric tramway-ears. 

Beitmarant A Caft Sekosibardty on the 
Bammelsberg, with own Conditorei, 
6 min. from terminoa of electric tram- 
way, large park, «iagnificent panorama. 
Well reeommended. 



107 



GRAND HOTEL WILHELMSHOHE. 

First-class, opposite the Royal Castle, in the park. 
Lawn-tennis courts, concens. Family boarding house. !■• class RestaiBrant 

Rendezvous of the aristocracy. Open throughout the year. 

TeL: ^ORANDBOTEL**. 2061 Prop. ADOLF STECKER. 



WILHELMSHOHS, which may be 
reached in one hour on foot through 
an avenue of fine lime-trees, was 
formerly the summer residence of the 
Electors. It has a world-wide cele- 
brity on account oT its magnificent 
situation and lovely grounds. The 
castle itself is luxuriously appointed: 
the public are shown over it by the 
castellan on week-days, provided the 
Imperial family, which spends a part 
of the summer here every year, is 
not in residence. It is principally 
interesting as the place where Napo- 
leon III. was retained as prisoner of 



war in 1870. To the N.E. of it lie the 
hot-houses, in which, during the spring, 
a fine show of camelias is to be seen. 
Behind it is the Guard 'house and 
Grand Hotel Wilhelmshohe {formerly 
Schombardt), whence winding paths 
lead up to the new waterfall. Another 
dim by by the reservoir, brings us to 
the temple of Mercury. From here, we 
may take one of several paths through 
the woods to the Riesenschloss (Ok- 
togon), the highest point in the park 
and from the platform of which a 
splendid view may be enjoyed. 
On a high column here, rises a co- 



^oteN pension Schombardt. 

Cassel-Wilhelmshfihe 



lit Class Family Boarding-house, in imme- 

.. . . .«. X . A ». u. w ,-«, diate neighbourhood of the Royal Park. 

Postal District: Wahlershausen. 3723 Lovely situation, magnificent distant view, 

large and shady private park with play -grounds, tennis-lawns &c Electric light 

-^ Moderate charges. Hh- Baths in the house. C. P. Scbombardt, prop. 



lossal Sialue of Hercules with a club 
in which there is room for several 
persons. In the Grotto, close by, there 
is a so-called Water-puzzle. Another 
fine view is obtained from the look- 
out tower at the Elf Buchen (Eleven 
Beeches), a spot about 25 minutes* 
walk to theN. But the great attractions 
at the Oktogon are the Cascades, 
foaming down the side of Carlsbdrg 
and terminating in Neptune's Basin. 
From this last spot, we proceed 
westwards, past the overseer's lodge, 
where we take the middle one of three 
turnings. It leads us by ibe Steinkofer 



Waterfall to Lowenhurg, an artificial 
ruin with a monument to the Elector 
William /. From the Steinkofer 
Waterfall, a path eastwards runs 
to Teufelsbrucke, which is half-way 
towards the Aqueduct, where there 
is another beautiful waterfall. 

Five minutes' walk further i^ the 
Great Fountain, which rises to a height 
of about 200 feet; while, close by, is 
the New Waterfall. The fountains play 
every Sunday from May to October, 
in the order above indicated, beginning 
at 3.30 o'clock and ending at 4. 
Also on Wed. at 3.30. 



3734 eassel 'Wilhelmshohe 

« Hotel Schloss Weissenstein^ 

Opposite the Station WilhelmthlMie. 
FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOUS£ NEAR THE ROYAL CASTLE AND PARKS 
-^ PENSIOM. »<- FRITZ BELZ, Prop. 

168 




BAD WILDUNGEN (Germany). = 

FOR DISEASES OF THE BLADDER AND KIDNEYS. 
OPEN ALL YEAR ROUND. ««♦ 

HOTEL "OER FUERSTENHOF". 

This Fii^gt-Class Hotel, which is situated in the best and healthiest part of Wildungen, 

close to the Promenade between the 'Curhaus* and Baths, possesses 90 Bedrooms and 

Saloons aU with Balconies: also Private Suites consisting of Saloon, Bedroom, 

Bathroom and Toilet Room. 

EliECTRIC lilGHTI I^IFTX STBAH - HEATIBTGt 

Apply for illustrated Prospectus to the 

Prop., H. GOECKE & SONS, Purveyors to the Royal Court 



BAD WILDUNGEN. 

POP. J 8,500. - ALT.: 1,000 feet. 

TISITOBS: About 10,000 per annum. 

ABBlVALs From Frankfort o/M. or 
Cassel via Wabern. 

CABS with tariff at station. The 
bath committee warns against aooeptiog 
advice of drivers as to hotels. 

HOTELS: «Der Fnerstenhof*% finest 
part of the spa, lift, electr. light, steam- 
heating and every other comfort of 
modern l>t class hotel; Hotel and Yllla 
Ooeeke, l*tclass, renowned old house, 
open throughout year; **Kai8erhor% l*t 
class, finest position. Prop. W. Schober, 
in winter at Shepbeard^s Hotel, Cairo; 
F&rstliehes Badehotely !•« class, with 
mineral baths, is property of Ftirst- 
liche WildunRer Mineralquellen Ltd.; 
Eoropiiiseher Hofy connected with Eur- 
hans, Reading Boom &o. is property of 
the same company as the foregoing; 
The Qalslsana Hot., a new, magnificently 



situated and 1>* class house of select 
character, special favourite of Americans; 
Park Hot.ylBt class; Hotel smr Helenen- 
qnelle^ famous old house, opposite Kur- 
haus and close to Promenades an^ woods, 
open all the year round. 

BOABDING-HOVSES: Yllla Hambsrg, 
Brunnen A114e, near springs, baths &c., 
moderate terms for board and lodcing; 
Ttlla Alice y Brunnen A116e, furnished 
apartments with or without board, 
reasonable terms, — garden. 

OFFICIAL REASON: From May Ut till 
Oct. 15th; but the waters may be bad 
at other times. 

THEATBICAL PEBF0BMANCI8 in the 
New Kurhaus. 

BAND plays thrice daily. 

KUBTAXE: For 1 pers. 20 mks., for every 
additional member of household 10 mks. 

WILDUNGEN, situated in a charm- 
ing district of the Principality of 
Waldeck, is one of the best known 



^^ 



1044 



^f^HOTEL "KAISERHOF" 

THE LEADINe ANGLO-AMERICAN HOUSE, 

standing in its own beautiful grounds, on the Brunnen- 

Promenade, near the Springs and Baths. 
The "Kalserhof hat been entirely rebuilt and enlarged. 

Suites with private bath-room. ^ ^ 
LIFT. - ELECTRIC LIQHT. — v^ ^^. 



Under the Management of the Proprietor 
W. SCHOBEB. 



5»!i^t^^t^^^.^'^*^2^^^^^^«<^^:^: 



WILDUNGEN-BAD. 
UP TO DATE 



1311 



THE QUISISANA 

FAVORITE HOTEL OF AMERICANS. 



Spas of Germany, and one to which 
thousands of patients and visitors 
annually flock. Surrounded by de- 
lightful woods, its atmosphere is pure 
and invigorating: the subsoil is the 
slate formation of the Rhenish Mts.: 
the mean temperature 16*4® C. 



Moreover, WiLDUNGKN possesses 
a number of mineral springs, the prin- 
cipal being the Georg Victorquelle and 
the HeUncnquelle. These have been in 
use from the 15*^ cent.: their curative 
effects are of the highest value, so 
that not only are the waters drunk in 



BAD 



Wildungen 



- Hotel zur Helenen-Quelle. 

^ 3228 Facing new Kurhaus, close to 



Facing new Kurhaus, close to 

Brunnen-Promenade & Woods. 

A famoira old house. Electrlo Light. Open the whole year. 

OARIi SEIBEIi, Prop. 



large quantity on the spot, but over 
1 ,300,000 bottles are despatched every 
year to various parts of the world. 
The principal mineral constituents are 
bicarbonates of iron-protoxide, sodium, 
magnesium and calcium: there is also 
a certain quantity of sodium and po- 
tassium sulphates and a large propor- 



tion of free carbonic-acid gas. This 
last ingredient renders the waters effer- 
vescent and refreshing: the Helenen- 
quelle has a somewhat salty flavour; 
while the larger proportion of iron 
contained in the Georg Victorquelle 
gives it a slightly astringent character; 
but the taste is no-wise inky. 



S229 



BAD WILDUNGEN 



VILLA HUIHBURG 

Brunnen AII6e. 



■EAR 8PRIMI8, BATHS AND 

KURHAUS. 
ROOMS, WITH OR WITHOUT 
BOARD, AT lODERATE PRICES. 



BAD WILDUNGEN, Brunnen Allae. 

VILLA ALICE. 



Furnlihqil room} with or wlthQut board. Qinfen i.ii. 

■Odartti teriBt. FrI. E. FREYTAQ, prop. 

170 



H] 



" 


^^^^^^^^^V^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^BETv^l 




■ 


^^^^^^^P^^^^^^^^Bv^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^hI 


> 


I 


^■^li 


i 

w 




H 


k fl 



The Wildungen springs have been 
famoas for centaries for their diuretic 
and solvent action in diseases oi the 
gen i to-urinary organs. 

(a) The Helenea Quelle in kidney dis- 
eases, grave, gout, in chronic nephritis, 
in catarrh of the kidneys and pelvis and 
in urinary hemorrhages. 

(P) The Georg Vie tot ({nelle in chronic 
catarrh of the bladder, in, bladder de- 
bility, in blennorrhoea ot the prostate 
Poland and urethra, in female complaints, 
m ansBmia and chlorosis. 

The haters are forwarded, in bottles,^ by 
the FSrstlielie Wildaager Hineralqaellen, 
A..e. 

This association possesses also two fine 
hotels in Wildungen, namely, the Bade- 
hotel and the tlaropSiseher Hof. In the 
former of these, baths of all kinds are 
to be had at very moderate prices 

MARBURG (POP.: 20,tS3 — HOTELS : 
Kaiserhof; Pfeiffer) is an old university 
city, beautifully situated on the Lahn. Its 
principal buildings are the lollowing:— 
Church of St. Elisabeth, a handsome 
edifice dating from the 18th ceiit. It is 
one of the noblest specimens of Gothic 
architecture in Europe. In the Sacrist jr 



is the tomb of St. Elf sabetb, whose sarco- 
phagus is richly embellished with statues 
and precious stones, and surmounted 
by a golden crown placed there by Emp. 
Frederick IL The Lutheran Ghureh also 

gossesses some beau til ul tombs. The 
ehloss (26 min. walk) is situated at a 
height of over 000 feet and overlooks the 
town. It contains the State ArehlveSy a 
Bittersaal and a Gothic Chapel, and af- 
fords a magnificent view of the town and 
valley. At the University many famous 
men have studied, .among them Luther 
and Melauetathon. 

GIESSEX (PO^.: 26,000. -HOTELS: 
Kiihne; Prins Karl), another university 
town, is situated iu a lovely spot on 
the Lahn. The principal buildings are 
the Choreh of St. PanerlatI and the Unl- 
yersity. The latter was founded in 1607, 
and. possesses a fine Library^ behind 
which is a Monument to LleMg. From 
the Felsenkeller a fine view is obtained. 

BAD NAUHEIM. 

POP.: 5,000. FISITOBS: 80,000, annually. 

BATHS, annually, 420,000. ALT.: 450 feet. 

.HOTELS: The Kaiserhof, first-class, 

patronised by the best Anglo-American 



THE KAISERHOF 

THE LEADING AND MOST MODERN HOTEL 

USB OF 

I I BAD NAUHEIM. || 



society, private suites of rooms with bath- 
rooms, magnificent garden, opposite the 
Sprudel and Baths ; Bristol, with Villa, 
l«tcl., well-situated, patronised by Eng- 
lish & Americans, every modern comfort 
. ind. suites with baths; Augusta Yletoria, 
I'tol.; Metropole, l«tol;; {loheuzoUern, 
l>t class, new prop.*, KIrsch's Prince of 
Wales Hotel, new and very fine house, 
considerably enlarged in 1005, private 
suites with baths attached; Angleterre, 
same proprietorship at the foregoing; 
Begina, 1«tcl.; Park Hotel, Istol.; Europe, 
l"tol., remodelled, new proprietor. 

BO ABDINO-HOUSES: E. A T. Schneider's 
Private Hotel Victoria, 84 Park St., l«toi., 
convenient situation, every modern com- 
fort; «Tilla BritBBnla'% 1 Britannia St., 
l>tcL, established 1870, contains 28 rooms; 
TlUa Isolde, 8 Britannia St, beautifully 
and healthily located, excellent cuisine, 
very comfortable. 

CAFE BESTAUBANT: Telehhsus, by 
the large lake in the Pavilion Park, 
excellent cuisine, Pilsener Urquell Beer 
(Biirgerliches Brauhaus) on draught. 

CABS : From 60 pf. to 1 mk. per drive 
in town; 2 mks. 60 pf. to 5 mks. per 
lour. 



PHYSICIANS: Or. B. E. Achert; 
H. Newton Helnemann, Esq., M. D., 3 
Victoria St. 

ANOLO- AMERICAN CH.: Victoria St., 
divine worship. Sun. 11 a. m. and 5 p. m. 

KUBTAXE: Payable after five da>8 
stay, 15 mks. For families, two persons 
20 mks., additional adults 4 mks. each. 

NAUHEIM SPA is situated in the 
Grand - Duchy of Hesse and is a 
stopping -place of expresses on the 
main-line from Frankfort on-the-Main 
to Hamburg. It lies midway between 
Giessen and Frankfort o. M. at the 
foot of the Johannisberg, an offshoot 
of the TaunuS) at an altitude 
474 ft, above sea -level, and is < 
of the most important spas on 
Continent, furnishing thermal, sa 
and ferruginous water within one a 
Here may be found nearly every usi 
variety of mineralized water emplp 
in the treatment of disease; and i 
to its thermal springs, combined ^ 



172 













I 



1T8 



the modern methods of treating heart- 
disease practised by its physicians, that 
the spa owes its rapidly growing fame. 
The climate, which corresponds in 
general to . that of Centra] Germany, 
is influenced in a specially agreeable 
manner by the proximity of the Taunus, 
which causes a refreshing coolness 
to make itself felt morning and evening. 
The average temperature from May !»* 
till. October lfl<i is 16.80 c. = 62,24® F. 
In the month af July it rises to 19** C. 
= 66.20 F. The average height of 
the barometer is 750 mm. The air, 
owing to the proximity of the thickly 
wooded Taunus range, is fresh and 
.pure and rich, in ozone by reason 



of the large graduation works (Gra- 
dierwerke). 

There are 5 drinking springs: the 
Kur and Karlsbrunnen (for use under 
treatment only) are mildly carbonated 
stimulating waters promoting intestinal 
circulation and secretion and relieving 
congestions of the abdominal organs; 
the Germaniabrunnen, Schwalheimer 
Brunnen, Ludwigsbrunnen and Lowen- 
quelle are not only medicinal but also 
excellent table waters. 

The springs which are used for 
bathing purposes are Nos XII, VII 
and XIV. The different kinds of 
baths are as follows; — 

Brine Baths (reed from iron and 



HOTEL BRISTOL & VILLA BRISTOL 



BAD NAUHEIM 



FIRST-CLASS. Finest situatloir opposite the New Bath-Houses and 
the Kurpark. Select Residence of English and American visitors. 

— - Entirely renovated. 

^0^ Every possible modern comfort. 

Large and small suites with private bath-rooms. Large shady 
Garden, open-air Restaurant. Reputed cuisine. Fine Halt, 
Reading and Smoking Rooms. . INanager: HUGO FLEISCHER. 



calcium salts as well as carbonic acid 
by the process of "graduation". 

Thermal Baths coming from the 
open thermal tanks where a portion 
of the carbonic acid gas evaporates, 
the wat6r being exposed to the air. 

Thermal Sprudel (Effervescing) 
Baths containmg much carbonic acid 
and coming from the covered tanks 
where almost the full temperature and 
all the carbonic acid of the Sprudel 
are preserved. 

Sprudel Baths, The water of the 
springs is led through conduits from 
the upper tube, direct to the bath 
without coming into contact with the 
outer air, so that it preserves its 
full amount of carbonic acid gas. 



Stream Baths. By means of a • 
special contrivance attached to the 
baths, it is possible to arrange for 
stream baths with continuous inflow 
and outflow of the water. They are of 
three kinds, namely, sprudel, thermal- 
sprudel, and thermal. 

All tiie baths can be strengthened 
at will by the addition of the excel- 
lent mother-lye which is extracted in 
Nauheim during the preparation 
the salt. 

Owing to this manifold variety 
is possible to prescribe baths sui 
exactly to the temporary mor 
condition, i. e. to tiie individual ne( 
of the patient. 

Of the various establishments 



174 



BAD NAUHEIM. 34 Park St. 34 

3233 E. & T. Sehneider's 

PRIVATE HOTEL VICTORIA. 

Close to the Kurhaus, Park and Bathe. 

- - First-class. Lift. Electric light. - - 

Apply for prospectus to: The liisses E. & T. SCHNEIDER, prop. 



the spa the fbllowing deserve special 
mention: — 

The Inhalatorium, built in 1901/02 
and considered a model institute. 

The Medico - Mechanic Zander 
Establishment fitted with the most 
modern apparatus for massage and 
therapeutic gymnastics. 

The Swiss Dairy (from Appenzell) 
providing all kinds of dairy produce. 

The diseases for the cure of which 
Nauheim is celebrated are: — Dise- 
ases of the heart, of the endocarditic 
type; the after-result of rheumatism; 
gout and all kinds of rheumatism; 
diseases of the peripheric and central 
nervous system; female complaints; 
disorders in the normal state of the 
blood, asthenia, chronic catarrh, con- 
gestion in thd abdominal organs, 
chlorosis, anaemia &c. &c. 

The baths of Nauheim produce 
peculiarly stimulating effects on the 
thinnest ramifications of the nerves 
in the epidermis which acting on the 
whole nervous system beneficially in- 



fluence the whole body. The action 
of the heart, the respiration, the pres- 
sure of the blood, the whole circulation, 
the temperature of the bo'dy and^ 
consequently, the change of tissue 
can be regulated thereby. This 
stimulus enables the body to absorb 
and secrete diseased matter, excites 
it to generate a new healthy tissue, 
brings about a better assimilation of 
food, and invigorates the whole body 
including those parts of it which 
have been impaired by disease. The 
beat of the heart grows slower and 
stronger, the pulse grows fuller, 
ana the breathing more regular and 
quiet. 

Though Nauheim is pre-eminently 
a health resort, it is, nevertheless^ 
an extremely agreeable place to stay 
at. A fine orchestra plays thrice 
daily; concerts, fire-work displays and 
balls take place at frequent intervals; 
theatrical and operatic performances 
are given in the Kurhaus, which, with 
its broad terrace, is the centre Oi 



!»" "ifl "Villa Britannia" 



3685 




1 Britannia St. 



Established 1879. r;;: 



Teleplione 384. 

Very fine, 1st ^lass House. : : 23 Rooms. 

Elegant reception rooms. : : : : LIFT. 

• Excellent cooking and every convenience. 

Fr. L. Schmidt -von Ditfurth, likewise prop, of 
Pension Schmidt - von Ditfurth in Nuremberg. 

176 



THE QUIDC 

*'BAO NAUHEIM AS A HEALTH RESORT" 

a E, ACHERT, M. D., 

FHYSlCrAN AT BAD NAUNEIS, 
with ttieftil liInU tnd Infornifttion, loon] and of th«i «fivlroiii. 



8iM 




Oilla Jsolde. 



FAMILY 
PENSION. 



BAD NAUHEIM 

Beautifully situated in the healthiest part of Nauheim. Cloae to Engliih Church, Baths, 
Springs and Curhaus. The proprietress who lived in England for many years, spares 
DO pains in making her visitors comfortable. Moderate terms, good cooking and every 
convenience. Much frequented by English and American visitors. Highest references. 
Sf41 Fri&alein KliEBEROEK, Proprietress. 



-^ BAD NAUHEIM. ^ 




Kurliaus bindenhof. 

Fine building close to park and baths. 

CAREFUL DIET. ELEVATOR. HOIE 

COMFORT. "SUN" AND '^AIR** BATHS. 

-^ Constant medical attention. ^^ 

2780 ExceUent staff. 

NotifiostkNi of arrival It rsqastttd boflBrs- 

hand. 

Sanltl&tsrat Dr. WaeHenDsld, 

proprietor. 



attraction. The park surrounding it 
is very extensive and is beautifully 
laid-out: it contains a lake that af- 
fords opportunity for boating and 
fishing. The lawn-tennis courts have 
been recently reconstructed in accor- 
dance with the latest requirements; the 
well-kept golf-links are prettily situ- 
ated at the edge of the woods. The 
walks and excursions in the neigh- 
bourhood are very fine. 

Divine service is provided for aH 
creeds. 

Three years ago the State recogni- 
zed the growing importance of Bad- 
Nauheim, and its legislature voted 
the sum of 7,500,000 Marks for im- 
provements of all kinds. Six new 
bath houses are to be erected, four 
of which will be in readiness for the 
season 1908. Two central admi- 
nistrative buildings, a heat and electric 
light plant as well as a laundry 
were finished and put in operation 
in 1907. — 

Nauheim possesses the peculiar 
advantage of improving the tissues 
and relieving the affections caused by 
advancing years. 



The walks and excursions in the neigh- 
bourhood are very fine, the favourite 
being to ' the villages of Nieder and 
Ober MOrlen, to the rose -gardens of 
Steinfurth. to Wisseiheim, Schwalheim, 
Dorheim, Friedberg Gastle &o. 

Among the many admirable privats 
institutes of the spa, the following 
deserve special mention r— 

Karhans Lindenhof. This establish- 
ment is under the care of Sanitatsrat 
Dr. Waehenfeldy who, with his able staff, 
devotes himself principally to patients 
sufi ering from heart-disease, gout, rhea- 
matism, scrofula, and female complaints. 
Moreover, oonvalescents and persona 
run down in health will find here a 
comfortable home under careful medical 
supervision; while, great attention being 
paid to a well-ordered diet, dyspeptics 
and others are foond in great number 
in the institute. 

FRIEDBERG (POP.: 7.800. — 
HOTELS: Trapp; Weith), once a very 
important place, is famous for its so- 
called ''Judenbad" (ilih cent?) and ita 
1B*1» century church. 

Scliwallieliii is renowned for its 
mineral waters, which, enjoying gret 
favour on aooount of their strong effervea 
cenoe, are exported in large quantities 
to all parts ot the world. 

GROSS-KARBEN 

is a celebrated village in Ober-Hessf 
not far from Frankfort o/M. and Bi 
Nauheim (Frankfort • Cassel - Hambu 
Line). It owes its renown to its minei 



178 



A A 



t >r 



t"*j*»«#*»»^ fv-*'**''*-^;' JWV- *■ 



>'Wj^;^;.<'-t»yj~»-.^».~i^ ' . 




^elZBrgninnen 

K ^fei^. GrossKarben 

H^ssen 



Hofiieferanfen 



Er[riscl'"^'i„,J 







■J^ 



A A 



t ▼ 



84 /Vo/i ferruginous Carbonic-acid Spring, 

n excellent beverage for persons suffering from diabetes. 

t«d by a lar^^ number of physioians and warmly recommended by them for 
Diabetes and kindred complaints. 

Bottled at the spring and despatched direct. 
)ort oaaes containing 60 buttles (% Litre) Mk )dO.— free to any port of 
Garmany, Holland or 3«lgiaxn, for cash with order. 

179 1«* 



FRANKFORT o/M. 

■ AM OPERNPLATZ. ■ 



Tmperlal l)Otel 




Unrivalled for lt$ madnifkent and qniet position. 

eitaant $uiU$ and singu rooms 
witb Private Batbs and Lavatory. 



e. ttl. miiller. 

Proprietor. 



manager: ndolf miller, 

formerly: Qotel Jlstor, Dew Vork. 



lao 



r 



0|iriiigl, which nre stroiig;ly impregnnted 
with cjirbnnie ' nci J ^ns, Tlitiiir enme' 
what jii^iiiiiln»ii Jlavour t^nderi th«m 
axcet)din^]y pulatab-e ; while their purity 
admimhiy adiipta them tor tiLbI« ate. 
Mixed with fruit -syrupsi oni^pnHo or cham- 
pagtie^ the J form a ^eiii:iou^ heverage, 
and ftrfi great t'avoantes in the U. S. A.^ 
to which ponntry they »te exported in 
very lai'i^C' quant; idea. 

Thfl whole district is diiitiDgtiiBhed 
by the vast nnmher of lioman r&lics 
found alou^ the milwiiy-liiia. 

During the iuvastigAtiona made hy 
order ol the Imptriiil Gov b mm en t, a 
numbi^r ot cnrioui Romau flanks and 
v&sies were discovered vvhlch (^J early 
domonstrate that the waters wore known 
^omei 10 ycarfl K C. Indaed^ even iu that 
early day a large trade way CHrned 
nn in these mineral watera. Thua it 
i$ clear t.hat the teller and Ludwlf^A 
Sjiringi are amcnE ^he oldeat And btst 
liiiuwu in <3-ermaiiy^ 



FRANKFORT o/Main. 

nOTELS: lotpprU), a |>nlatial atrtic* 

tnra fitted In perfect atyltn^ bathronma 

tbrougboot; In^HBeher Hof, newest and 

finest hous« of old repute^ — rebtiUt 1H03; 

Frail kffflTteT-U of ^ l^tul.» «■ leading bouie 

with restaurant, American har,|(riU-ronm. 

e:Ecellent manai^ement &a. ; FBriteflhof 

Palast Hot. I & very high-cUss hutal ff 

new constrKctJoiit oomfortabty nppnmted. 

BULtes with bath & liivacory ; Wontmiiiiteri 

O oat he PL, 1>^ clasa^ with reataurarit, 

' suited with baths &c ; HonopOl-H^tropolftr 

j faoine Stat ion * new, up-to-date, very com- 

I fortable, moderate ohargai ; Qraiid Hot* 

j PmrUer Hof, Schiller Platr, l-tcL, every 

i mndern com tort, private bath roomi &c.; 

Oraod Uot* ConttneDtal, facing Cantral 

Station, l><c|^ oomfortable family house; 

j ^aTOT« If'^clRBS, farini^atation^all modern 

comfort, reatauTaQt, garden; Ulmanor 

lOSZeih well- known in America; Mtnlt- 



Bing jr. ® Co. 



3742 



FRANKFORT o/M. 

FURVEvoRs TO THE COURT -'4 Hsiser St. - - 

USEFUL ® ORNAMENTAL CHINA 



X 



DEPOT OF 
THE ROYAL SAXON PORCELAIN WORKS - - 
THE ROVAL PRUSSIAN PORCELAIN WORKS 
THE ROYAL DAN[SH PORCELAIN WORKS 



!:irler Ho ft facing Bail. Station, hot-' air 
pipea, lift, eleo. light, baths, motor-shid; 
Eojali oppc»ite Central Station, re-ap- 
poiuted If^OB. oomfortAhle, bat termsi 
moderate; Tletorlt, Kaieer St, c1ob« 
tf> Central Station^ comfortable^ electric 
light, lift, terms moderate. 

Hotel Haaeirr Hof» ChHstl. Hoipiit 
Wie-.enhutteii PL, 1>^ cIobh, at Main 
Stiitinn. n]OJern romfnrt, 

KO.4K[UL\a-H0i:^KK; Pcaslon Hetro- 
pole, Bo?keijbeimep Land St.; P^dbIob 
Villa Oranlen^ 71 Baethoven Bt., l«tclaBS 
boanIjia^-)ious;e> well-flitusted near tha 
Palm Clarden and Opera House. Highly 
— :oniaed by^ best American society, ^The 
}rietress lived ma^^y years in England); 
Bion Westendplati, 84 Westendplats, 
lass family house, beautiful location, 
r comfortable, moderate charges; 
lion Minerra, 24 Kiaber St , litcJass, 
(loil and convenient locality near 
--^, Opera House &o. 

iTAUBANTS: Wioe Bestanraiit 



Palatair (Hotel WeHtmiu8ter)t CJoathe PL, 
good wines, well recommended ; Inip^rlil, 
very excel 1 en t; Fraa & fart • r- tlo t\ ¥ t ri te a - 
hof Pallet Hel», French reatatiratit on 
covered terrace above garden; Bti^roset 
W Goethe StUt a l««cla9B house; Uohea^ 
soI1iriiliaii» - Ealierkcller, Kaiser &t„ 
Wioe and Beer Eeatftuiant, new and very 
fine place faciug the new TheatrOt — 
Pilsner & L^wtnbrau beera on draught; 
Grand Bf^B tad rant Kalaurliofi Goetbo PL, 
very fine houae, with French cuisine; 
Wine lieatinraat Wolf, 5 Baraeiipltits 
(facing tho Bourse), tine r much - freq iiented 
houBO, dinners from IS— A o'ldnck^ all 
delicacies of the season; It^Zt Bestaarant 
Hotel Ulmann (prop. Julius Bies) 68 Zeil 
(l«t floor), first class. 

CAFES: Bristol; Imperial; Bauer; 
Windsor. 

CAB S : From 60 pf. to 1 mk., or by 
time Va hour, from 76 pf. to I mk. 

U* S. CONS. OEIf • : Biehard Gaentber, 
Esq., 49 Kaiser St 



eneral Offices of the Hamburg- 1 Arsenic Spa Levus o-'Vetriolo 
~'''<in Line: 14 Kaiser St | (South Tyrol): WW see cover. 

181 



RANK FORT. M, 

ENGLiSCHER HOF 

Newes^"&Fihes^ Hol-el 

Foundeelir93 ♦ R6builH903. 



BANKS: Deutsche Bank, 16 Kaiser St^ 
one of the largest in Sarope, with bran- 
ches in all leading towns; Diseonto- 
Gesellschafty 18 Bossmarkt. This highly 
recommended concern, with branches 
in Berlin and London, does all kinds 
of discount and deposit business; 
Dresdner Bank, Gallus Anlage, is like- 
wise a famous and reliable concern. 

BATHS: Greb, Leonhardsthor; Alt, 
Alte Mainzer-Gasse ; and in the Main. 
Swimming Bath, corner of Batton St. 

PHABMACT: Kniser Apotheke, 89 Kai- 
ser St. Great assortment of domestic and 
foreifirn Rp^oialities and patent medicines. 

ENGLISH CHUBCH: Services held in 
French Church, 7 Goethe PI.:- Be v. G. 
W. Mackenzie, L. Th. Dun., 18 Korner St., 
Sun. 11.16, 8.30. H. C. 2ad Sun. aO all 
others noon; Fest. 7.S0. 

THBATBES Ac: The Sehansptelhans, 
under the able management of Herm 
Emit Claar, the performances enjoying a 
wide celebrity throughout Germany on 
accouot oT their great excellence. The 
New Scfaanspielhaus was opened in 190^ 
The Opera House is a magnificent edifice 
designed by Lucae. The front and back 
are decorated with sculptures, the former 
by Kaupert, the latter by Bumpf. The 
stair-oase and the frescoes in the interior, 
as well' as the curtain, which represents 
the prologue to Faust, are very fine. 



I Albert Schumann Theatre, facing prin- 
cipal Station. 

CHOCOLATE: StoUwerek Bros., the 
well-known firm of chocolate manu- 
facturers in Cologne, have a branch in 
Frankfort, namely, at Goethe St. (corner 
of Goethe PI.). 

HABEBDASHBBTftc: Hef nrleh Wiede- 
bnscb, 56 Bethmann St., estab. 1847 is 
a l«t class house, specially recommended 
for laces, trimmings &o. 

LEATHEB GOODS Ac: Carl Lndwif 
Franek, 16 Goethe PI., supplies saddles, 
harness, trunks Skc 

POBCBLAIN: Bingjr. ft Co., Court Pur- 
veyors, 4 Kaiser St, is a leading house 
where china wares of the three famous 
royal factories of Saxony, Prussia and 
Denmark may be had. 

STEEL GOODS: J. A. Henckels of the 
famous *'Twin Works" Solingen, has a 
large dep6t at 15 Bossmarkt The firm 
is known throughout the world for its 
excellent manufactures. 

TBATELLING BEOUISITES: Morlts 
JHadler, Trunk and Leather Goods 
Factory Lindenau-Leipsig. Sale-rooms, 
29 Kaiser St. All kinds of travelling 
requisites, first-class leather goods and 
novelties. The firm makes a speciality 
of patent trunks remarkable for ele- 
gance, durability and a lightness (60% 



o Kaiser St. o FRANKFORT on the Main 



1 Miaatei from 
ikm Cmmtnl SUtioa 



FORSTENHOF Pala^t Hotel 

3241 HIGHLY REPUTED FIRST-CLASS HOUSE 

150 lar^e and mirj raoaas facing the Promenade, ftrom II. 8.60, includixi 
50 Slnfli Rtomt, Saloons and Saparatt Sulttt with Batb and Lavatory. 

FRENCH RESTAURANT !Lf!l";JJiSS^g^^^ 

L. BOLLE-RITZ, Pr«pr. 

iffl 



less thux ordinary tmaki) whioh effeoto 
a great saving. 
WINE MEBGHANTSt Hlackel ftWlneUer, 

wine merchants and ext>orterB. Most im- 
portant and oldest house in Frankfort. 
Established in 1784. ' Kamons stock of 
Rhine and Moselle wines, includins the 
finest brands. At the beginning of ItOO 
their business was enlarged by the pur- 
chase of the lai%e and excellent stock 
of the well-known firm of Peter Arnold 
Knmm. Long experience and greatest 
success in ezportatian to hot climates. 
Worthy of a visit are the vast wine 
cellars of August Kreuiberg formerly 
Pet. Jos. Kressberg A Co.^ S9 Nene 
Mainser St., a house es^blished in 1883 
->and famous for Hocks, Moselles and 
Ahr wines. 



FRANKFORT is a celebrated old 
city which, as one of the leading 



members of fhe Hanseatic League, 
maintained its independence until 
after the war of 1866. It then became 
incorporated with Prussia, but retained 
its importance as one of the chief 
money-markets of the world, its Stock 
Exchange being among the principal 
bourses in Germany. The city is 
also t busy commercial and industrial 
centre, with a large trade, in wines, 
soaps &c. Its literary and historic 
associations will be gathered from 
the many monuments and ancient 
edifices embellishing the streets and 
squares of the city, which is divided 
into the Altstadt and the Ncustadt. 
The former consists largely of narrow 
alleys and courts: many of the build- 



FBAIKFDRTEB-BOF. 

3^21 The Leading Hotel & Restaurant In Frankfort. 

50 priwate Bath ■ Pi»ecsing Booms. 



Cesar Ritz, Rdvisory Director 
(the only Hotel In Frankfort with whioh Hr. CAtar RIti 
of the Carlton London 4 Hotel RIti Paris It oonneoted). 



Georges Gottlob, 

Manager. 



ings are gabled, and have the old 
projecting floors such as are to be 
seen in Chester, Halberstadt and t)ther 
old European towns. The Ncustadt 
is the centre of the money-market, 
and possesses a large number of 
fashionable shops, cafes &c. 

The Railway Station lies in the 
S.W. of the town: proceeding from 
it eastwards through Kaiser St., we 
reach Rossmarkt, embellished with a 
r lumental group of Gutenberg, Fust 
s Schoffer (see Mayence). To the N. 
c on Goethe PI. stands a handsome 
r ument of Germany's greatest poet, 
c in bronze, in 1844, from designs 
\ >chwanthaler. Beyond the Goethe 
I iument rises the tiew Bourse, a 
r ;niticent building, filling the whole 
I "-e named Borsen PI, It was built 



by Bumitz and Sommer in 1879 and 
possesses a splendid Renaissance hall, 
which may be seen between 12 and ^ 
o'clock. Returning southwards through 
Schiller St, we come to the SchilUf 
Monument, occupying a square which 
bears the dramatist's name. Close by 
is Katharinenkirche (St. Catharine^ 
Church) and, a little beyond it, at th9 
corner of the Zeil, is Liebfrauen St., 
which leads by the Church of Our Lady, 
past the Old Bourse, to St, PauV^ 
Church (where Parliament so oftlfi 
held its sittings), and, beyond it, to 
the Romer or old Rathaus (1405)- 
This last has now been incorporated 
in a new triple group of buildings 
known under the name of the 

Neue Rathaus. In the modifications) 
no important part of the old hiftgric 



1S8 



Romer has suffered change. The new 
structures, designed by v. Hoven and 
Neher in Gothic style, form a worthy 
extension of the old edifice. 

Approaching the buildings from 
Paul's PI., we have before us the 
Fesisaalbau, containing, as is usual 
in Germany, the Ratskcller, which in 
Frankfort is famous for its RUdes- 
heimer wines. The entrance is orna- 
mented with suitable carvings. Above 
the 'cellar' is the Fesisaal itself, a 
magnificent hall in which no expense 
has been spared. To the same suite 
of rooms belongs the celebrated Wahl- 
zimmer der Kurftirsien, where the 
Emperors were formerly elected, and 



a fine room, called the Kaisersaal, 
embellished with portraits of the 
Geiman Emperors from Charlemagne 
to Francis II.: in the room stands a 
marble statue ottheEfttperor Williaml. 

Adjoining the Festsaalbau is the 
Sudban with two tall towers dubbed 
respectively **Long Franz" and "Little 
Cohen". The former is decorated with 
an early-Renaissance window and a 
couple of mosaics. The other tower 
bears, as embellishments, four allegoric 
figures. A bridge joins the Siidbau to 
the Nordbau in which the financial 
administration of the city is located. 

The best view of the whole struc- 
ture is obtained from Paul's PI. On 



Frankfort o/M. ^ G8the Place 

Westminster Hotel and 
Wine Jlestanrant 7alstaff . 

FIRST - €IiASS. SoKes with private batb. 
5124 MOST GENTEEL. RESTAURANT. 

-■-• Original -i— EMIIi KATHE, 

Moselles A Hocks* new prop. 



this square a handsome Einheits- 
denkmal (Unity Monument) has been 
erected. It consists of an obelisk 
decorated with reliefs and surmounted 
by a Clio whose shield bears the words 
"Be united": the pedestal is embel- 
lished with three allegoric figures. 

On Romerberg, close by, there is 
a fountain, and, beyond, the Church 
of Si, Nicholas, A little further south- 
wards is the so-called Saalhof, built 
in 1717 on what is probably the spot 
where Charlemagne's palace stood. 
Hard by is the Eiserne Sieg, a sus- 
pension bridge for foot-passengers, 
built by Schmick in 1869. Passing 
along the bank of the river eastwards, 



we obtain a view of the old bridge con- 
structed in 1342: taking the third turn- 
ing to the left, we reach the Cathedral, 
historically the most interesting edifice 
in the city. It was in this building that 
the kings and emperors of the old 
German Empire were crowned. The 
present building was erected, at the 
opening of the 13*h cent , on the spot 
where had stood the Church of St. 
Salvaior, founded by Ludwig the 
Pious. It is a cruciform Gothic building 
with a handsome spire and three 
turrets. The chimes are very fine, the 
largest of the ten bells having been 
cast from French cannon and requiring 
16 men to ring it. The interior con- 



184 




OPERA HOUSE. 



NEWI 



FRANKFORT o/M. 

Hdtel 



NEWI 



"Monopol-ni6tropole" 

Exactly facing the Chief Portal of the Central Station. 

THIS HOTEL, is confidently recommended. It is fitted up in the most modern style, 
with every improvement and good cuisine. Rooms from Marks 2.50. The Pncei 
are strictly moderate, Mp Uppplpin will spare no trouble in making hit 
the new Proprietor, ""• ncillulll| English and American Guests comfortable. 



Lift, Electric Light, Steam Heating, Restaurant, Qc. 



tains a choir with the adjacent chapel 
in which the election of the emperors 
took place. This chapel, at whose 
entrance is Ihe tomb of Kinj^ Giinther 
von Schwarzenber^, was built in 1355. 
The building possesses also a taber- 
nacle of the 14th cent., some good 
stained-glass and a number of beautiful 
pictures, among which is a very fine 
*Burial of Christ*' by van Dyck. 

To the S. of the Cathedral is the 
building containing the city archives, 



? hit I 
table. I 



and. close by, the so-called Leintvand- 
hans in which the Municipal Museum, 
with collections of great historical 
interest, is situated. Eastwards of the 
Cathedral, through Prediger St. and 
then to the left, is Borne PI., where 
stand the old Jewish Cemetery and 
a Synagogue built in 1882 in Re- 
naissance style. From the N. of the 
square, Borne St. leads past the prin- 
cipal Synagogue and Rothschild* s 
House, the only remaining building ol 



184 a 



MADLER's patent trunks, Moritz 




^ -r^ -vV ^<j»<:x --^^- — ^^ ' 



-<^ ^' y LA kit U U £>' i- 




X K^ 









^\. .S' 












^/^"^.-;:-5.flirv 



.f'- 






^'-C.^.ON 




rS> 



Ad rt.lnsi'/i^^n7arr6 



'yy 



finWjO 






'«» ^ •^ 



MSdler, FRANKFORT- ON - MAIN, 29 Kaiser St 



^tu ^/>y^4mi 






s 7 



f*^** 






4. 



4 ^ 

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-x\ "•^;rW 



J^ 




: 




s 








s^' 






-^'^^cf^^r^'^^ 








Tr^ m t vays 

SLOM 



FRANKFORT o/M. 



Grand Hotel Pariser Hot 

Fine central position •■ Sciiiller Platz. 
FiRST-CUSS. ALL MODERN COMFORT. PRIVATE BATH ROOMS. 

-* LARGE HALL - MODERATE TERMS. 

S005 J. W. EHRENFEL8, prop. 



FRANKFORT- ON -THE - MAIN. 

GRAND HOTEL CONTINENTAL 

5010 OPPOSiTE CENTRAL STATION. 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOTEL 
BEST COMFORT. MODERATE CHARGES. 

TELEQRRPHIC RDDRESS: COI^TINENTHOTEL, FRANKFURTMAIN. 

KIRCH NER.BRAVSER, PROPRIETOR. 



SAVOY HOTEL Frankfort o. Main. 

FIRST-CLASS. Every modern comfort combined with moderate prices. The 
quietest hotel facing the station. Garden and Restaurant. Rooms from M. 2.50 
to M. 8 with bath. 5008 P. Ernst Klumpp, New Prop. 



HI FRANKFORT o/MAlN. 



2506 6S ZEIIi, CLOSE TO POST OFFICE. 

- HOTEL ULAANN. * 

TELEPHONE 3881. PROPRIETOR: JULIUS RIES. 



HOTEL VICTORIA. B*oEa 

The only Hotel in the Kaiserstrasse, 3 minutes from Central Station. Most comfortable 
Hotel. ROOMS FROM 2 MARKS UPWARDS. Restaurant attached. ELECTRIC UGHT. 
Steam Heating. Lift. PERFECT Sanitary Arrangements. Cook's coupons accepted. 
•424 FRIKUR. ORTENRACH, Propri etor. 

FRANKFORT-OBT-lEAIBr. 

HOTEL STUTTGARTER HOP. 

Right opposite the principal Railway Station. Entirely refurnished. 60 Rooms. Heated 

by hot air. Lift Electric Light. Baths. Auto -Garage. Beautiful Restaurant aad 

Writing Room. The best service with moderate prices. 342S 

■tw Preprleter, P. STEEQER, for meny years Seoretarv of the Viotoria Hotel, Stuttoert 

184b 



& 



V^*^ "GRAND PRIX" ST. LOUJS 1904 



r I niiiQ lonA "^ I 




FRANKFORT-ON-MAIN. 

21 S C H A F E R Q A S S E 21 



3729 



ESTABLISHED 1784. 



Rhine and Moselle Wines. 



AGENTS 



ondon: Schluter & Co., so Mark Lane E.G. 
&w-York: C. H. Arnold & Co., 27 South 

William Street, 
aris: P. Tremouliere & W. Jourdan, 25 me 
du Mont Thabor. 

rdeaux: a GriifueiUe & Co. 

.mburg: C. F. Lund, 23 Hohe Bleichen. 

ritzerland: J. Thurnheer, Zurich. 

(Hand: Gerard Koster, Hees. 
:ockholin: Fritz Kramer. 

oskau: Robert Natorp. 



Warsow; Ed. Koch & W. Bormann, 
Chmielna 18. 

Vienna: Sigmund Winter. 

Belgium: Henry Dupont - Lafontaine, 
Thuin. 

Bue nos- Aires : Peters Hermanos. 

Medan-Deli, Sumatra: E. Dhers. 

Mexico: Carlos Dittmer. 

Siam: Clarke & Co., Bangkok. 

?Ie'S:)A-W.Ue&Co. 



185 



FRANKFORT o/M. 

Hotel Baseler Hof. 

ChristL Hospiz, G.m.b.H. 

'''' Wiesenhutten Platz. 

First-class house with every modern comfort. New building at the south entrance 

to the Main Station. Tranquil and fashionable locality. ~ 80 Rooms. 120 Beds, 

from Mk. 2.- upward. - Electric light. Lift. Hot-water heating. Suites with bath. 

Boarding arrangements. No gratuities. 



FRANKFORT o/M. 

PENSION VILLA ORANIEN* 

71 BeetboTen SS (Westend) facing the Palm Garden. First-claaa Boarding- 
House. Best references. Tel. Addr.: Oranisa FrankfUrtmala. Tsltphono 5650. 
373^ Mrs CliOVTH, n^e de Grimm, prop. \ 



PENSION WESTENDPLATZ * 

3733 FRANKFORT o/Main. 

This first-class Family Pension is beautifully situated at 34, Westendplatz. It is very 
confidently recommended to English and Americans as a comfo/table modern home whers 
the best society may be met. Excellent cooking. Terms very moderate. Beautiful shady 
garden with Depend ance. Quiet, Central, and Convenient Frfiultin QERZ, Proprietress. 




FRANKFORT o/M. '"' -===-===- 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE. Newly 
. OA KlllhAr Qt OA • appointed. Genteel, tranquil and 

- ^** rVIUDer Ol. ^*f • convenient situation in west End. 

8 minutes from Station, 
3 minutes from Opera 
Hotise and Saalbau. — 

Elegantly furnished rooms with 
.... or without board. - - - - 

Complete suites. Moderate prices. 

in. E. LAM8EI, Prop. 

Family Boarding - house. — , — 

FRANKFORT on the Main. 

isasisrz: KAISER APOTHEKE ^^^^ 

3727 Otto Weidenmflller, Proprietor. 

89 Kaiser Straste 89. ^ Telephone 8762. ^ 

Great assortment of domestic and foreign specialities and Patent Medicii 
Miii Hot (ir Dr. Wilimar Sckwabe'i Honoopatlic Coitnl Pharmacj, Uipiic 

Mineral Watertt Goods sent free of charge to all parts of the f 

186 

\ 



FRANKFORT o/Main 

Hotel Royal 

WILlt. WERNER, new prop. 



FACING CENTRAL STATION. 

RENOVATED AND 

REFURNISHED 1906. 

MODERATE TERMS. 

ALL MODERN COMFORT, 




I 



Hohenzollernhaus -Kaiserkeller 



Kaiser St 



S731 



FranJkfort o/Maln 

Facing New Playhouse. 



Kaiser St, 



^ Largest and JF^inest Restaurant ^ 

===== in South Germany. ===== 



I 



Banquet Rooms * Saloons on first floor. Terraces 6* Grounds, 
Pilsner Urquell and MUnchner LOwenbrdu Beers on draught. 

Excellent French and Viennese Cuisine. = 

Prop.: WILH. FRANTZMANN. 



I 




S730 



REGISTERED TRADE MARK 



August Kreuzberg 

PORAVERLY PET. JOS. KREUZBERG & CS 

- OFFICE FRANKFORT o/AAIN only - - 

- ESTABLISHED 1833 

HOUSE IN FRANKFORT ESTABLISHED 1879 

" - WINE GROWERS AND SHIPPERS - - 
RHINE. MOSELLE & RED AHR WINES 

see: FRANKFORT O/MAIH. 




CANE TRUNKS 



: Repairs promptly made. 



WOODEN TRUNKS 
i = HANDBAGS = 

PORTMANTEAUS 
SADDLES = HARNESS 



Carl Cttdviig fraitck, Saddier 

16 Goethe PI. 16 FRANKFORT OH HalD. Telephone 3942 



188 



the old Juden Gasse. At the S.E. corner 
of Borne PI. isRechneigrabenSt.;and in 
the first*turrimg to the right (Schiitzen 
St,) ia another handsome Synagogue 
erected in 1852 in Moorish style. 
Schiitzen St. leads down to Schone 
Aussichi on the river bank : turning to 
the left, we reach the Obtrmainhrucke, 
at the head of which stands a marble 
bust of Lessing and, behind it, the city 
Library. This latter, an edifice built 
in 1S20, contains about 200,000 
volumes. In the vestibule, there is a 
marble statue of Goethe by Marches! 
(1838) and a large number of busts. 
(Admission Mon. and Fri. 9—1, 
Wed. 3—5). 



From here, a walk may be taken 
along the old ramparts, which have 
been laid-out in grounds. The third 
turning to the right, Pfingstweid St., 
leads to the Schutzenbruunen Denk" 
mat, designed and executed by 
Eckhardt in 1887. Beyond it are the 
Zoological Gardens, from the tower 
of which a fine view is obtained. The 
entrance fee to the gardens is 1 mk., 
and 50 pf. extra to the Aquarium. 

Continuing along the ramparts, we 
come to Friedberger Thor, where there 
is a monument to the Hessian soldiers 
who fell at the spot in 1792. Opposite 
is "Beihmann's Museum*' containing 
several fine works of art, the most 



HEIMRICH WIEDEBUSCH 



TELEPHONE 
- - - 1006 - - - 



3739 



FRRhKFORT o/MRIfl 

:: 56 BETHMnNN SIR. 56 :: 



ESTABLISHED 
- - - 1847 



■ AM KAISERPLATZ 



SPECinUTY: 



LACES & TRIMMINGS. 

EMBROIDERY, BUHOMS, BUCKLES, 
== LRCE DE BRU?(ELLES. =— ■ 



Striking bemg the statue of Ariadne, 
by Dannecker of Stuttgart. 

Here we may leave the ramparts by 
passing through the Friedberger Thor 
and turning to the right along Bleich St. 
A walk of a few minutes brings us to 
Si. Peter's, in whose old churchyard 
there stands a monument to the Franco- 
Prussian War. It is a bronze group by 
~ hardt. A few paces further is 
ited the Senchenbergische Siift, 
ided in 1763 and containing a col- 
ons of natural history, a library &c. 
., Wed. & Fri. free). At the corner 
e street, where the Museum stands, 
; the Eschenheimer Tower (1408) ; 
last remnant of the old ramparts, 
whole situation of this tower is very 



beautiful. Beyond it, in the ramparts, 
is the Borne Denkmal, and, a few paces 
further, Mozart PI. At the next corner 
is Opern PI., where the magnificent 
Opera House, one of the handsomest 
buildings of its kind in the whole 
country, is situated: it was et^ected, 
in 1873—1880, from the designs of 
the Berliner architect Lucae. From 
this square two electric tramways run 
to the Palm Garden (tickets 1 Mk.), 
one passing through Bockenheimer 
I^andstr. to the front entrance and the 
other through Feldbergstr. to the back 
entrance. 

The grounds are beautifully laid-out 
and, in the houses, there are some 
fine specimens of palms and other 



189 



tropical plants. The place is open 
the whole day; and concerts are given 
every afternoon and evening. To 
the S. of the gardens, in Beethoven 
St., there is a panorama (tickets 
I Mk.). 
Other buildings of interest are: — 
The house in which Goethe was 
born. It stands a little to the S.E. 
of Rossmarkt, at 23 Grosser Hirsch- 
graben: the building, bought by the 
'Freie deutsche HochstifV, has been 
restored, as far as ' possible, to the 
condition in which it was during 
Goethe's youth. At the end of 
Hirscbgraben is the Mini, and, close 
by, the Bank; while, crossing the 
Untere Mainbriicke, and turning to 
the right along the river bank, 
we reach SiadeVs Art Instiiute, 
This last was founded, in the 18th 
century, by a citizen of Frankfort, 



Job. Fr. St&del. It possesses a good 
collection of pictures by old masters 
of the Dutch and German schools, 
a few specimens of the Italian and 
Spanish schools and a large number 
of copper-plate engravings. 

Through the centre of the city, 
from Schiller's monument, runs the 
Zeil, the principal business street of 
Frankfort: it is a broad road, which, 
with its continuation, the Neue Zeil, 
ends at the Zoologischer Garten, in 
the £. of the city. 

15: From FRANKFORT o/M. 

to HOMBURG V. d. H«he, SOOEN, 

KRONTHAL and KRONBERG. 

HOMBURG V. d. H. 

POP.: 12000. - ALT.: 600 feet 
H0TKL8: KlUer'f Park-Hotel * Villa, 
high -class family hoase, suites with 
bath, patronised by King Edward VH; 



BAD HOMBURG v. d. H. 

RITTERS PARK-HOTEL 



2508 



AND VILLA. 

SUITES WITH BATH. 



The erMd Hotel amd YUU FUrsteBrshe, 
favourite house for Americans, every 
modem comfort; Rieehelmann's Savoy 
Hotely l>t class, patronised by the best 
English and American visitors; Hotel 
Avipista, l«t class hotel, patronised by 
Kirg Edward VII. and other royalty, 
— 180 rooms and saloons, — soites with 
bath and lavatory overlooking park; 
Hotel Bellevae, 1st class, lovely, quiet 
situation opposite ^Kor* grounds & baths, 
every modern comfort, hygienic diet; 
Yletoria, l«t class. 

BOABDINe-HOUSBS: Tilla Falttn, 1 st 
class family house with dietetic cuisine, 
shady garden, tranonil spot, open whole 
year; Yilla Isip^rialey Kaiser Friedrioh 
Promenade, formerly residence of King 
Edward YII., is a U* class private house 
in most central situation. 

CABS: From & to station 70 pf.— Imk.: 
within the town 60 pf. and upwards. 

ENGL. CH.: Ohrist Church, Ferdinands 
Street, Bev. G. F. Seaton. M.A. The 
British Chaplaincy. Sun. 8.0, 11.0 a. m., 8.8 >; 
Daily (in summer) 8.46 a m. H.C., Sun. &0 ; 
lit and Brd Sun. at mid-day, SS. 8.0. 

SiNATOBICH: <<Clara Emilia" is a 
first -class therapeutic establishment. 



specially for the treatment of maladies 
of the stomach and intestines, under the 
management of the reputed specialists 
Dr. Curt Pariser and Dr. Benno Latz. 
Patients ot all kinds, except those 
suffering from mental derangement or 
contagious diseases, are accepted; but 
particular attention is paid to the treat- 
ment of maladies of the stomach and 
intestines, together with the resulting 
disturbances of the nutritive system, 
obesity, gout, anesmia, affections of the 
heart and kidneys. 

Dr. Pariser's writings on 'Diet for 
stomach Complaints'* &o. enjoy a wide 
repute. Const quently. one may be sure 
of oare'ul dietetic and individual treat- 
ment in the establishment 



Situated in an elevated spot at th< 
foot of the Upper Taunus Mts., thii 
bath is one of the most celebrate( 
in Europe. It lies only about 10 mile: 
from Frankfort o/M., and is th< 
resort of, thousands of English am 
Americans of good family in searcL 
of health or pleasure. 



190 



The 8pa is beautifully located among 
well -wooded mountains, from which 
osone*laden breezes waft incessantly 
the scent of pines and firs. It pos- 
sesses many fine buildings, of 
which the most striking is the great 
*'Kurhaus". This edifice, open all 
the year round, has a splendid theatre 
and concert room, together with one 
of the best permanent orchestras in 
Germany. 

The Castle, standing on the highest 
(north-western) elevation of the slope, 
and partly re-built in 1680, commands 
a magnificent view of the Taunus. 
There is, of course, an English Church 
and also a celebrated Russian Chapel. 
Of monuments, those to the emperor 
and the empress Frederick and that 
to Hdlderlin are worth seeing; so, too, 
are the large bronze statue of Wilhelm I., 
and the Landgrafen-Denkmal erected 



in 1906 near the Elisabeli) spring. 
In the splendid park, extending over 
more than 300 acres, stands the 
magnificent Kaiser Wilhclm's Bad, 
where, besides all other kinds of baths, 
the celebrated natural carbonic - add 
baths are to be had. The springs are 
ten in number, among them ''Elisa- 
beth", "Kaiser" and •'Ludwig" (all 
aperient), and ''SUhl** and ^'Louisen*' 
tonic. One of the springs is similar 
in its effects the Carlsbad waters. The 
waters have a temperature of about 
60^, and -are always clear and spark- 
ling. The chief bathing springs are 
the ''Soolsprudel" and ^^Landgrafen- 
Brunnen"; the latter is also used for 
drinking. 

The principal mineral ingredients of 
the Homburg Springs are: — Chlorides 
of Sodium, Potassium, Lithium and 
Magnesium; and Iodide, Bromide and 



8786 



BAD HOMBURG v, d. H. 

Riechelmann's Savoy Hotelo 

l»t CLASS HOUSE IN EVERY RESPECT. 



Carbonate of Magnesium, the tonic 
springs containing a)so iron. — The 
Homburg springs possess excellent 
curative effects in cases of Catarrh 
of the Stomach, Chronic Constipation, 
Piles, Complaints of the Liver, Catarrh 
of the Biliary Ducts, Obesity, Diabetes 
ftc. Considerable success has also 
been obtamed in the treatment of 
diseases of the heart, and also of 
complaints peculiar to women. 

The **Kaiser WUhelm Bath" is a 
new building, containing an mhala- 
I room and fitted with all modern 
an^ements for every description of 
rapeutic bathing. Besides this, there 
in the middle of the town, a Bath 
jse (Kurhaus-Bad). 
For those seeking recreation merely, 
re are fine golf-links and tennis- 
unds; while the neighbourhood 
rs to pedestrians some tempting 



excursioi^s. One of the finest is to 
the Saalburg on the saddle of the 
Taunus, with the remains of an 
old Roman Castle and a charming 
view. Within the Saalburg is the 
^^Imperial Limes Museum** for Roman 
antiquities. The foundation stone was 
laid on Oct 11th 1900, by the 
German Emperor. The Taunus can 
now be reached in a few minutes by 
using the electric railway, opened 
in 1900. 

The environs of Homburg are very 
beautiful, and offer opportunities for 
most delightful picnics. Two of the 
most charming spots are Hardtwald 
and WildparK the latter filled with 
numbers of fallow-deer maintained 
at public expense and remarkable for 
their tameness. 

SODEM (ALT.t 460 ft. — SIASONi 
May tm Oct - H0TIL8: EuhwiB, Ooll^ 
•eaii SvropilMh«r H9l» aH 1«< elast) 



191 



«k»*kA^K. — - . ;> ^ . ^ - . * ni.Ti^a .>..»*.. 



HOMBURG V. d. H. 

THE GRAND HOTEL 

«40b & VILLA FORSTENRUHE. 

SUITES AND SINGLE ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATH. 
ALL COMFORTS. J. C. SCHWEIMLER, Proprietor. 



BAD HOMBURG v. d. Hdhe. 



HOTEL BELLEVUE. 

3236 Itt CLASS HOUSE IN EVERY RESPECT. 

Charmingly situated, facing Kurgarden and the new Kurhauebad. 
LIFT, ELECTRIC LIGHT, BATHS, CENTRAL STEAM -HEATING. 

STEAa LAUNDRY 4 ^TACUJJWL CliEANIlfG" IN THE HOTEL 

AUTO -GARAGE. ^^^= Hygienic diet if desired. 

TeLAddr.: <*BELLEVUE HOMBURQHdHE". WILHELH FISCHER, Proprietor. 



Villa Imp^riale. ^ bad homburo. 

open in Winter. Many years the quarters of King Edward Vn. as Prince of Wales. 
Private house of an aristocratic and very l"t class character. In the large Kur Park 
close to Kaiser Friedrich Promenade. In immediate proximity to Springs, Kaiser 
Wilhelm Bad, Golf-links and Tennis-lawns. — Best French cuisine, electr. light &c. 
3239 * Prop.: WILHELJVl WALTHER. 



^ BAD HOMBURG v. d. H. ^ Jir-^ILn: 

— Open, tranquil pos 

near «*Kur" Park and H 

wald. 

o DIetetio ouislno. c 

Open the whole yeai 

BEST REFERENCES. --{^ H.B. FAIiTIBT,*^ 

192 



VILLA FALTIN. 



HOMBURQ V. d. H. 



Sanatorium Clara Emilia 

for Complaints ol the Stomach, Intestines and other Assimilative 

Organs. 



Open throughout tho year. 



3238 



Dr. Gurt Parlser. 



Dr. Benno Latz. 



is a spa on the southern slopes of the 
Taunus Range. It is protected from the 
bleak winds of the N. and E. by sylvan 
heights; so that the climate is mild but 
slightly stimulating. The place is well 
supplied with means of entertainment, 
and the environs of the Mulde Valley, 
in which it lies, offer ample opportun- 
ities for excursions and picnics. 

BAD KRONTHAIi (ALTITUDE: 560 
fL) is a small but well-known bath in one 
of the most oharming parts of the Tannns 
Banff e. The climate is ezoeptionally 
n^d; and its three springs, which have 
been known for centuries, are chaly- 
beate in oharacter. The waters of the 
Kronthal Bronnen are despatched in 
great quantities, the annual yield being 
over 60,000,000 litres. 

They have proved themselves to be a 
most admirable remedy for disturbances 
of the nutritive system, for nervous 
complaints and as a preventive in 
epidemics of cholera, typhus &o. 

In the immediate neighbourhood is 
the celebrated health-resort called 

KRONBERG. 

POPULATION: 2,600. 

HOTEL: Kaiser Friedrieh. 

KRONBERG, a tbwn possessing 
some magnificent parks and gardens 
for shorter strolls; while the beauty 
c' **-e whole neighbourhood offers 
a e opportunity for more distant 
Q "ions. One of the most charming 
I to Kronberg Castle ( 1 3th cent.). 

Castle, which is still in an ex- 
c state of preservation, remained 

ii Tamily of its founder till the 

Ij came extinct in 1704. It is 

t lese Knights of Kronberg that 
tl ''** is supposed to be in- 



debted for its vast plantations of the 
edible chestnut, which give to the 
place such a southern aspect. The 
knights are said to have brought the 
tree with them on returning from one 
of the crusades. 

About 10 min. northwards of the town 
stands Sehloss Friedriehsbofy formerly 
the residence of the late Bmpr. Frederick. 
Some 2Vt miles distant lies 

kOnigstein. 

POPULATION: 200. 

ALTITUDE: 1,190 feet. 

HOTELS: Pfaff; Ord. Hotel; both Ittcl. 

K5NIGST£IN is a hamlet much fre- 
quented by tourists and others, on ac- 
count of its romantic and picturesque 
situation on the Taunus, some 1,200 ft. 
above the sea-level. It is supplied with 
electric light and consists largely of 
pretty villas, including a chateau of the 
Duke of Luxembourg. To the west of 
the town, and crowning a high and 
precipitous cliff, lie the extensive ruins 
of the old Castle, formerly the fortress 
of KOnigstein. Half an hour's walk to 
the north, there is another old ruin 
called the CASTLE of FALKBNSTEIN 
overlooking the little village of the 
same name. The place contains a hand- 
some new institute for the reception 
of patients suffering from pulmonary 
complaints. 

From the Castle ruins, a delightful 
woedland path leads back to Kron- 
berg; while, from Konigstein, a number 
of charming excursions may be under- 
taken, the hest being to the belvedere, 
at Hartenberg (20 minutes); to the 
pretty dale named Bill thai (25 min.); 
a more distant tour (2 hours) is the 
climb to the top of Great Feldberg, 
the highest point in the Taunus (2,650 
feet) from which the view obtained 
in fine weather is extensive and beau- 
tiful. 



198 



IS 



l-i 1-1 l-l n=l 

WIESBADEN. 

HOTEL HETBOPOLE 

^ AND BATHS ^ 



US4 



< Wilhelmstrasse. > 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE- 
RECENTLY OPENED ♦ FIRE-PROOF. 

With every modern comfort; ejcccllently situated near station &'Kurhaus'. 

MUCH PATRONISED BY ENGLISH AND AMERICAN FAMILIES. 

200 ROOMS AND SUITES 
with bath attached. 

Magnificent Dining Hall - Wintergarden •« Large Halls and 
Terraces •^* Beautiful Garden - Lift - Electric Light - 
Steamheating - Latest sanitary improvements. 

MINERAL BATHS supplied from the 
principal spring, the "KOCHBRUNNEN". 



"CARLTON" 



the finest Wine-Restaurant of the city, belongs to the hot<»i 



o ROOMS FROM Mk. 3,— e 
tncl. LIGHT, FIRE AND ATTENDANCE. 

ED. A CHR. BECKEL, Ppoprietors. 

I»l !■! !■! 

194 



N 



16: FrM FRANKFORT o/Main via 

WIESBADEN 

and BAD UN6ENSCHWALBACH 

to SCHLANGENBAD. 

WIBISBADEN. 

FOPULATION: 100,944. 

HOTELS: Metropoley with baths at- 
tache J, is a new hotel, situated in the 
finest part of the city, — it is a Re- 
naissance edifice, entirely of stone and 
iron, excellently appointed, furnished 
with every comfort, and containiuK the 
splendid apartments of the Wieabadener 
Club &o.; Rose, a l>t class, newly built 
house, in American style, patronised 
by best American society and situated 
opposite the "Kochbruunen**, possesses 
baths supplied with wa^er from this 
spring and connected with every part of 



the building by a lift, — thermal bath* 
on every floor; Nassau (Kassaner Hof)* 
Kur Platz, a l>t class house, established 
over 100 years, rebuilt in 1^90, baths at- 
tached; Foot Seasons (Vier Jahresaeiten), 
1 "^ class, situated in the best part of Wies- 
baden, opposite the Knrhaus, Theatre &c. 
— large bathing establishment with direct 
supplv from hot spring, — lift, electric 
light sc.; Kaiserhofy new. l>t class, beau- 
tiful location, in connection with the 
Augusta Victoria Bath, extensive park; 
WUhelma, rebuilt in Villa Quarter, 
l<t class fire-proot house meeting all mo- 
dern demands, ICO elegantly furnished 
apartonents, batbs attached to bed rooms, 
beautiful bath-house adjoining hotel, 
thermal spring, terraces for dining, 
lounging, large garden &c.; Palace Hotel 
and liaths, !■* class, erected in 1U04 and 
fitted with every comfort, own conduit 
Irom Kochbrunnen ; Hobensollerny with 



WIESBADEN 



3746 



HOTEL ROSE 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL 



Palatial, new building. All modern improvements. Rooms 
with private bathrooms attached. Splendid new bathing 
establishment in the hotel, supplied from the principal 

spring, the Kochbrunnen. 
Large halls and terraces. Garage. Apply for prospectus. 



all modem appointments, opposite "Kur- 
Garten'* and Royal Theatre, mineral 
baths in connection with own spring; 
Tietoria-Hotel and Baths, l^t class with 
thermal spring and every modem com- 
fort, arrangements for prolonged stay. 
— beautiful terrace with restaurant; 
da Pare and Bristol, 28/30 Wtlbelm St., 
l>t class, family house, fine situation, 
eral baths, large qarden, terrace re- 
jrant] Bellevue, 20 Wilhelm St., l^t 
8, family hotel, central situation, re- 
1 1906, every modem comfort, thermal 
18; Alleesaal, facing Kochbrunnen 
near theatre &c., built 190H, every 
erncomfortinoludingthermal baths; 
el A Badhans ^Zum Sehwarzen Bock", 
>ntly enlarged building containing 
rooms, baths on all floors, modern 
ro appointments, direct supply from 
ngs; Boyal, l>t class; Farstenhof, 
ll«nt situation near springs, opera. 



Engl. Church &c. and overlooking Kur- 
park, — new and particularly suitable for 
English and American visitors, mineral 
baths; Astoria, l>tclass, opposite Kur- 
haus, baths, auto-car shed .&b., reasonable 
boarding terms; Aegir, o ThelemannSt, 
I'^class hotel and boarding-house, tian- 
quil select situation, every modem 
comfort; Imperial (Pension - Bath), 16 
Sornenberger St., new, !■< class house, 
opened 1JI04, all modem comfort, mode- 
rate charges; Nizsa, 28 Frankfurter St, 
opposite Augusta Victoria Bath, I'tclass, 
60 rooms, exery modem comfort; Hotel 
* Pension Biemer, 11 Sonnenberger St., 
l*t cInss fire-prtjof house, every modem 
comfort, qnitt, elevated situation; Bhine, 
l>t < lass, rebuilt 1905-6, fitted throughout 
with every modern comfort, fine location 
by station; 8t« Petersburg, 8 Museum 
St , 1** class, fine position near springs, 
Opera &a, every modem comfort; 



195 



13» 



n 



WIESBADEN 



OTEL NASSAU 

WITH «A€NIF!CENT BATHIN9 ESTABLISHMENT 
SITUATED ON CUR PLATZ. nsa 




WIESBADEN. 

Tour Seasons l)ot(l. 

(VIER JAHRESZEITEN.) 

8246 FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOUSE 
of old reputation 
in the best position of Wiesbaden. 

LARGE BATHING ESTABLISHMENT 

supplied direct from the hot spring. 



WIESBADEN. 

palace )Cotel and Baths. 

OfPOSIT^ KaCHaRUHNEK PARK. 
Hewlyipd'eeted and moat coiafortalile Aoierlcnii li<»iiiei 

lliiin€irvii« bedraomB witli private tiath'-rooitis for 
3744 freih water and Koolibrunneii water on each llflor. 

Every bedroom with running hot and oold water from M. 4.— 

□ ]IIa§:nlncetit battiiiif; «stcibllstiitietit, supplied from i 1 
tti« prlnelpml Springs ^<THE Ei a€H BRU9f NEN". I I 

O PERFECT SANITATION. ^^^-^ — 



WIESBADEN. 



i HOTEL KAISERHOR 

Firsts;! 55* aew hotel wllti B nest and Jargest Bith House (Augusta Victoria BaiJ) f 
Wiesbaden; situated in the middle of a beatitiful large park — 2^000 square metrei 



Gfneral Offlcis tf tbt Hambtirg- { Arsenic Spa Levie s -Velri 
Amertciit Un*: tO Wilhelrti St. | (South Turoi): HV* «M ^1 



196 

J 




General View oj Wiesbaden. 



WIESBADEN. 

HOTEL HOHENZOLLERN. 

3745 HIGH CLASS FAMILY HOTEL 

with all modern comforts. LIFT, ELECTRIC LIGHT &o. 
Opposite the Kur-Garden and Royal Theatre. 

MINERAL BATHS 

In the Hotel direct from own spring at the Kochbrunnen. 



TannnSy facing stations and near Kur- 
Gronnds, Theatre &o.» l«*oL very con- 
venient for families, boarding througli- 
oat the year; Hot<>l and Batb- bouse 
Goldeaer Bmnneny 8/10 Goldgasse, cen- 
trally located and new building, own 
liot spring; Hotel k Pension Natlona], 
21 Taunas St., admirably located near 
Springs, Kurhans and Park, — * modem 
comfort, moderate prices; Dahlheloiy 15 
'""-las St., close to Springs, Korhaus 

Boyal Theatre, — litted with elec- 

'ight, central heating &c. 

IITATE HOTELS AND PENSIONS: 
-oral, 3 Bierstadter St., beautiful villa, 

) garden, near springs, Kurhaus &c.; 

»ra, 5 Bierstadter St., l>tol., new villa 

^tnre, well - situated, large garden 

'* ermal bath. 
BDIN6-H0USES : PeBS.TilIa Prin- 
Louise, 15 Sonnenberger St, I'^cl., 
tomfort, meals at separate tables; 



Pens, k Baths '<Til1a Frank", 8 Leber- 
berg and 1 a Abegg St., a newly built 
and very comfortably appointed house; 
Villa Bnppreeht, 17 Sonnenberger St, 
homelike and comfortable, lift, thermal 
baths ; Pens. Fortana • Kaiser WIlhelMy 

7 Paulinen St, l<t class, near Kurhaus 
and Theatre, thermal baths, excellent 
table, moderate charges; Pens.Wlndsofy 
4 Leberberg, l>tcl. German house under 
Swiss management, own villa, thermal 
baths &c.; Pens. ?illa Albreeht, 6 Leber- 
berg, iBt class, in quiet, convenient spct 
every modern comfort; Pens* BSst^en, 
Tilla Stephanie, la Paulinen St., !>« class, 
adjoining Kurhaus Theatre, modern ap- 
pointments, moderate charges; Pens. 
Ticfcoria Lnlse, 52 WilhelmSt, litdass, 
well-furnished, board optional, every 
modern comfort; Penslom Tilla Tloletta* 

8 Garten St., near new Pavilion & Wil- 
helm St., thermal baths, eleetrio lights 



197 



WIESBADEN 12 Kranzplatz WIESBADEN 

Hotel &Badhaus "Zum Schwarzen Bock". 

• • - - In immediate neighbourhood of - - - • 
174? Kochbrunnen, Kurliaus and Royal Theatre. 

Extensively Enlargedk 

□ ISO Rooms. Two Bath-houses appointed in modem style and fitted with ^^ 

direct supply firom Kochbrunnen and from own spdng. Baths on every I I 

floor. Carbonio-acid Baths. Three passenger lifts. Elegant reception I I 

rooms. Garden. Electric light. Central heating. Board if desired. I I 

Excellently adapted for winter residence. W. <«; K. Schaffer. LJ 



WIESBADEN. |h 



HOTEL ALLEESAAL 

O OPPOSITE THE KOOHBRUNIEH, CLOSE TO THE THEATRE AMD KURHAU8. O 

ERECTED 1906. OPENED IN SPRING 1907. 
ALL MODERN COMFORTS. THERMAL BATHS IN THE HOUSE. 

"« WILH. SCHEFFEL, PROP. 



^*i^l*<,.^' 



WIESBADEN = 26 Wilhelm St 26 

HOTEL BELLEVUE 

^ij^ ^<V^ FIRST-CUSS FAMILY HOUSE rebuilt and recently 
^ ^^^^b^ re-opened. Fitted with every modern comfert 

THERMAL BATHS IN THE HOUSE. 

Moderate chargee. »6i w. A. HEES, prop. 






„ss = WIESBADEN == ■ 

WILHELMSTRASSE 28 and 3D. 

HOTEL DU PARC & BRISTOL 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOTEL. 

ELECTRIC LIGHT. MINERAL BATHS. FINEST POSITION. 

OWN LARGE GARDEN. RESTAURANT. TERRACE. 

Utwe, JEAN trrtLBbRGER. Prop. ADOLPH MEUEMDORFF Ww. | 

■ =■ I 

196 



m HOTEL FORSTENHOF (eI 



WIESBADEH 



5012 ^ 

SITUATED in the best part of Wiesbaden in the Sonnenberger Strasse, over- 
looking the Cur Park, and close to Springs, Opera House, English Church, &c. 
EVERY MODERN COMFORT. ENTIRELY NEW. 
WITH ALL IMPROVEMENTS. MINERAL BATHS. 
The new proprietors, knowing all th erequirements of their English and American 

visitors, spare no pains to study them. 
Late dinner. •^ Moderate tariff. Arrangements for Winter sojourn. 



central beating,— shady garden, excellent 
cuisine; Pens. Mon-Bepos, 6 Frankfurter 
St., i>t class, latest appointments, shady 
garden, balconies, oaths &c.; Pei&s. 
Villa €arolas» 5 Kerothal, fine location, 
Large garden, baths, moderate terms, 
board optional; ^ea8.<<yilla Wllhelmlne", 
14 Victoria St., well -situated near Kur- 
haus &c., dietetic cnisinei baths, garden. 

BE8TA GRANTS: Wine-Bestaarant 
Carlton, Wilhelm St., alao prop, of Hotel 
Metropole; Beer Best* <<llatter Engel"; 
TannaSy well -recommended; National, 
SI Taunus St., facing Kochbrunnen, 
near Kurhaus & Boyal Theatre, l>t class; 
Datalheim, 15 Taunus St, dinners at se- 
parate tables. 

CAFES t Caf^ Metropole; Cafe Bestan- 
rant Carlton; Hohensollern, Wilhelm St, 
opposite Bismarck Memorial, is one of 
the sights of the place, and the rendei- 
vous of the highest classes. 

CABS: Within the town, 2 pers., 
60 pf.; from the station, 20 pf. more; 
within the town, one hour's drive, 1—4 
pers., 2 mks. 



K UBTAXE : For the use of the thermal 
springs and the town gardens &c. no 
charge is made in Wiesbaden : but under 
agreement with the President, tickets of 
admission to the Kur - Bstablishments 
are issued. 

Season-ticket for 6 weeks, 16 mks.t 
every additional member of family, 

5 mks. Season-ticket for 12 months, 
30 mks.: for every additional member 
of family, 10 mks. Day ticket, 1 mk. 

BANK : Deutsche Bank, LOa Wilhelm St, 
one ot the leading £k>ntinental banks, 
with branches in most leading towns. 

U. S. CONS. A6T.: John B. Brener, 
Esq., Hotel Wilhelma, Sonnenberger St 

OfiN. POST OFFICE: 25 Rhein St 

SNeL. Cfl.: St Augustine of Canter- 
bury, 8 Frankfurter St Rev. E. J. Treble, 
36 Kaiser Friedrich Ring. San. 8.0, 11.0. 
5.0, 5.40. 6.0 p. m., H. G. 80 and (choral) 
noon. Sun. 8.0 and at noon. Daily 6.0 

6 11.0. No Serv. ord. Hon. 
THKATBES: Konigliebes Hof Theater 

and Besideni Theater. 

SANATOBIA: At BO Park St, a road 
skirt ng the Knrpark on the southern 




jaUGS HERZ 

oWlESBRDEho ^^^ 
LRRQEST STOCK OF 

3 JEWELS 




GOLD AND SILVER WARES. ^ 



199 




Hotel --- 
Baths - - - 
Pension- - 
Restaurant 

5016 

Uitfntr\v HOTEL CHATHAM, 



Astoria 



111 CLASS FAMILY HOUSE, 

Mmeral Baths on each floor. 

- - MODERATE TERMS. - - 
Special arrangements 
fof profonged stay. 

AUTO -OARAGE. --- 



prop.: FRANZ US3NGER, 
ParEi, and 6RAND HOTEL EMOADIMER KULM, 



SI. Morltz 4itc, 



t2n 



WIESBADEN 



Yidoria-Xotd & Izlk 

First-class HoleL Thermal Battis from own Spring. 

Lift Electric Light. Steam -heating throughout Near 
Railway Station, Kurhaus, and Royal Theatre. Magnificent 
Diningj Reading, Sitting, Smoking, and Billiard Rooms. 

Beautiful Terraoe witb Restaurant 

ArranQemenU made for a prolonged stay. Strictly moderate prlcas* 
Apply for prospectus to the Proprietor: AUGUST JAHN* 



"HOTEL NIZZA". ?! fS??.*,?/^": Wiesbad 

Ficing the Augusta Victoria Bath. 60 Rooms *nd Pjirlours with ereiy comfort. 
Hotel 15 First Class, and speciaUy arranged for the Winter Season. Moderate Te 
StcAra Heating, Double Windows, Electric Light, Lift, and most fooim with balcc 
or loggias. Mineral and Fresh Water Baths in the House. Fine dust lea* Bituati< 
own garden. Kear Bngli^h Church and Station. Full Fensioti^ according to situ' 
iicm 7 Mark». 3249 Ppopriotsr: ERiEST UPLEQl 



900 




The Ro\al Theatre. 



WIESBADEN. 

HOTEL WILMEL/nA 

piRST-cLASs. and BATHS. first-class. 
The American Consulate is located at the 
a HOTEL WILHELMA IN WIESBADEN, a 

A favourite resort of American and Englisir families. 

= OWN THERMAL SPRING. == 



side, Dr. Litdwl; Abend^s Sanatorinni for 
oomplaints of the stomach and intestines 
is situated. The institute, which is open 
summer and winter at moderate prices, 
stands in its own groundssurrounded with 
hADdsome villas, in the prettiest part of 
Wiesbaden — Consultations also at 16 
Grosse Burg St. 10—12 and 2—4 o'clock. 
Dr. SehStz' Ssnatorinnif Villa Pano- 
rama, Park St., is situated close to the 
lion Park in one of the finest and 
test thoroughfares of the ^illa 
ict. It is comfortably appointed 
fitted with perfect modem arrange - 
its for the treatment of dyspepsin, 
complaint, diabetes, gout, obesity, 
uift &c. 

deed, internal complaints of all 
B are dealt with, especially such as 
ire careful attention to diet. More- 
persons suffering from neurasthenia 
>ther nervous affeclions a-e ac- 



cepted, the only patients excluded being 
such as are aiflicted with insanity or 
some contagious disease. 

Sanatoriom FriedrlehshShe (formerly 
Dr. Oterlich's ''Knrhaus Eden"), ^ 
SchOne Aussicht, is a sanatorium for 
nervous and internal complaints. It is 
situated on the slopes of the Leberberg, 
in a large park, and affords every con- 
ceivable comfort. The medical appliances 
are of the latest type and include all 
that is necessary for massage andeym- 
nastics, as well as electric, thermal and 
hydropathic bathing. 

FOB WARDING AGENTS: J. ft 6. Adrian 

(Offices, 6 Bahnhof St. Depot: 6 ard 7 
Schlachthaus St.) forwarding of baggage 
and goods of all kinds 

JEWELLERY: Julias Herx, Court Je- 
weller, Weber Gasse, large assortment 
of every description. 



201 



SThelemannstr. 5 WIESBADEN Telephone No 38 9 



37SS 



HOTEL AEGIR. 



Hotel and Boarding House of 1^^ order. 

In quiet, select spot by Kurhaus & Royal Theatre* Modern comfort, In- 
cluding electric light, low pressure steamheating, lift, baths, garden. 
Advantageous arrangements for prolonged stay. 
New Prop.: CHR. ROWOLD. 



WIESBADEN 



11 S0NNENBER6ER ST. 11 

HOTEL & PENSION BIEMER. 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE. 
EVERY HODERN COMFORT. AMERICAN MANAGEMENT. 

TELEGRAMS: BIEIER8H0TEL WIE8BADEM. 
2517 PROP.: W. BIEMER. 



WIESBADEN. 



Rhine Hotel. 

^A "54 = FIRST-CLASS. == /^ 

Mo WELL KNOWN AND RECOMMENDED TO AMERICAN TRAVELLERS. O ||| 
ENTIRELY REBUILT AND REFURNISHED IN 1905—1906. 
PROVIDED WITH NEW BATH AND DRESSING ROOMS. "' 

▼ MODERATE CHARGES. W. WUST, PROP. ▼ 



WIESBADEN, 3 MUSEUMSTRASSE. 

HOTEL ST. PETERSBURG. 

S750 FIRST-CLASS HOUSE. 

In the best position, close to the Promenade, Springs, Railwaj Station, Opera 
House, Kurgarten, and English Church. Fitted up in the best style of the 
modern Hotels of Europe with every possible comfort Lift Electric Light 
Steam Heating and modem Sanitary arrangements. Most moderate Tariff. 

H. ORETHER, Propr. 

202 




Wiesbaden: The New Pavilion, 



WIE.9DM yikWlm IMUM Md Knrpark, Royal TbMtrt 4 Htt tprto| 4o. 

HOTEL IMPERIAL 

nf% ^= PENSION ^= BATH. ^ 

Opened 1904. Fitted with every modern comfort 
Beautiful southern aspect, open in every direction. 

■oderate prioet. a Tliermal Batli om eacli floor. O ■•dtratt prioet. 

Prospeotut on applloatlon to HorniMm Seliwarse, Prop. 



WIESBADEN is admittedly the 

queen of Continental spas. It is a 

beautiful town lying in a sheltered 

valley on the southern slopes of the 

Taunus Range. The surrounding hills, 

along the spurs of which it creeps 

to within an hour's distance of the 

Rhine, are densely wooded, and com- 

niofely protect the town from the bleak 

ds of the N. and E. The climate 

consequently so mild that even 

edible chestnut, the almond, the 

;nolia and similar trees flourish in 

open air. The mean temperature, 

ummer, is just over 18®C.; while, 

/inter, it seldom fails below 3^, the 

lest month being January, with a 

.n temperature of 2^ C. Indeed, 



the number of days during the year 
upon which outdoor exercise may be 
taken is very large; and, even in 
winter, one can commonly sit out of 
doors in the open air. 

In order to maintain a high 
standard of health, Wiesbaden has 
been kept a purely residential town 
and spa, with no sort of industry 
or manufacture and no smoke nor 
soot. A high -pressure water-supply 
provides pure crystal -clear water in 
ample volume throughout the town. 
The streets are scrupulously clean and 
are continually watered with great care ; 
while a thorough system of disinfection 
is regularly carried out As a conse- 
quence, the mortality — always a very 



206 



THE TAUNUS.HOTEL •'^fS,*?;^"- 

Opposite the Stations, close to the 'Kur' Garden, new Theatre, and Post Office. 
Highly recommended First-Class Hotel, recently enlarged and renovated, and affording 

every comfort to American Families. 3263 

Exoeiient Cuisine and Wines. Moderate charges. o Pension the whole year, o 

fi£i»CS£ci?;S£i?SSei?R:£i?R£i?l3Sgi? WIESBADEN RSS?«agniSaS?ISaS?esSREaS?ISSc» 

IZ-Zi GOLDENER BRUNNEN. 

1 frTl 8/10 GOLDGASSE. NEW BUILDING IN CENTRAL LOCATION. fPnl (r=il 

[LJj OWN THERMAL SPRING. 5011 MODERATE CHARGES. 11—0 ILJ 



WIESBADEN. ''" 21 Taunus St 

HOTEL ET PJBNSION NATIONAL. 

Situated in the best part, close to the Springs, Curhaus, and Park, &c., and a few doors 
from Prof. Pagenstecker's Eye Clinic. Most comfortable. Moderate prices. New Dining 
Rooms and Sitting Rooms. Bed Rooms from 2 Mks. Veiy highly recommended. Electric 
Light, Steam Heating, Lift to all floors. OTTO WEIDMANN, Proprietor. 



HOTEL DAHLHEIM, Wiesbaden 

3256 OPPOSITE KOCHBRUNNEN. 

Completely re- appointed. Fine House. Moderate charges. 



« Private Hotel & Pension Balmoral* 

3426 WIESBADEN, 3 Bierstadter St. 3. 

Charming Villa surrounded by large gardens, near the Kurhaus, Royal Theatre ani 
bot springs. First-class cooking, moderate prices. F. AMSCHLER. 

5 Bierstadter St. WIESBADEN Bierstadter St. 5 

5013 PRIVATE HOTEL AND PENSION 

Entirely New! |\ | V I t Iv A Entirely New! 

Fine Villa with large garden. First-olass in best position. Thermal Bath. Moderate terms. 
J. H. STENGER, prop., for 25 years at HOTEL ROSE. 



WIESBADEN. 

Pension and Baths 'TILLA FRANK'' 

3248 8 Leberberg and la Abegg-street. 

Good-class House in the best and healthiest situation of Wiesbaden, on th 
south side of the Leberberg. Lift, Electric Lighting, Central Heating, Drawing 
room, Dining-room, fourteen Balconies, Winter Garden, Mineral Baths. 

Excellent cooking and good wine from A. Wilhelmj, Court Purveyoi 
Telephone No. 750. Telegram address: VILLA FRANK. 

Rooms with Board, incldg. attendance, 6 to 10 M. a-day. 
Each additional person in the same room 5 M. a-day. 
Children and servants 4 M. 

204 




■ OB 



■ D ■ 



15 Somtenberger St 




nib 

■ OB 



WIESBADEN 



■ OB 



Sonnenberger St. 15 



Pension Villa Prinzessin Louise 

formerly the Palace of H. R. H. the Princess Louise of Prussia. 

FIRST-CLASS BOARDING HOUSE ''" 

Baths and ail other modern comforts. 

Table d'hdte. Meals at separate tables. 




low one — decreases steadily from 
year to year. 

The town is filled with attractions; 
and a view of the place shows, at 
a glance, what a large number of 
handsome edifices it contains. 

As at all great spas, the Pavilion 
(Kurhaus) forms the central point of 
interest in Wiesbaden. It is a splendid 
structure occupying the site of a 
famous predecessor erected by the 
Duke of Nassau, and, seen across 
the Flower Garden with its fountain I 



and bordering avenue of grand trees, 
forms one of the most beautiftil sights 
of the town. The exit at the back of 
the building opens on-to the Kurpark, 
where the band-stand is situated and 
where there is a monument to Gustav 
Freytag. Here, too, in the middle of 
the lake, the great fountain springs 
aloft to a height of about 100 feet. 
The front of the building looked across 
to Kaiser Friedrichs PI. 

To the N. of the Kur grounds are 
situated a Branch Post Office and the 



WIESBADEN. 



Pension Forluna-Kaiser Wilhek 

7 Paulinen St. 7 

FIRST-CLASS BOARDING-HOUSE 

close to Kurhaus and Theatre. 

■.LENT CUISINE. THERMAL BATH. MODERATE TERMS. 

Miss J. KNIPPER. 

205 



WIESBADEN. la Paulinen St 

Pension Rosgen, 

Villa Stephanie. 

^„ == 1«T CLASS HOUSE, =: 

adjoining Kurhaus Theatre. 

Every modern appointment. Reasonable Terms. 



33 



Pension "Villa Yioletta 

3 Garten St. UUirQRinPN Garten St. 3 

close to Kurpark & Wilhelm St. W ILODHULII . . dose to the new Kurhaus. - - 

3756 Thermal Baths. Fresh-water Baths. Electric Light. 
Central Heating. Shady Garden. Excellent Cuisine. 
AOST SELECT LOCALITY OP WIESBADEN. 
Prop.: MJkRTHJ^ HEINSEN. 



WIESBADEN 

52 WILHELM ST. 52 

< FACING KURHAUS O- 



PENSION VICTORIA LUISE 



FIRST-CLASS.: 



ELEGANTLY FURNISHED ROOMS, WITH OR WITHOUT BOARD. 
LIFT. ELECTRIC LIGHT. CENTRAL HEATING. 
THERMAL BATHS. ^ REASONABLE TERMS. 



WIESBADEN, 6 Frankfurter St. 

PENSION /nON-REFO: 

lit class boarding-house, 5 min. from Stations, *Kur' House and Royal Theatre. L. 

appointments. Electric light Shady Garden. Balconies. Baths. Excellent cuf 

Moderate terms. 3266 H. PEIFFE 

206 



w 



3251 



WIESBADEN, 30 Parkstrasse 30. 
KTuircmstalt for 



Complaints of the Stomach and Intestines. 

OPEN WINTER AND SUMMER. 

— -^— ^— — Prospectus free on application. ^ 

Dr. Li. Ahend 

Formerly assistant to Geheimrat Prof, von Leube, Wflrzburg. 

"' SASIilTORIUill Dr. SCHOTZ. 

Villa Panorama WIESBADEN Park-street 

For nervous and Internal complaints, especially disturbanooo of tbo 
nutritive vjystem. 

Complete equipments for hydropathics, and for electric, water and light baths. 

Apparatus for chamber-gymnastics &c 

In close proximity to the Pavilion Park. Own garden. Lift, electric light, central heatings 

OPEN THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. — PROSPECTUS. 

I>r. R. SCHVTI, 

formerly H««d*AMtatMBt at iba mad. Klinik of Oeh. Rat EBB, Hef««lb«rf, m4 »t BatliaBiM 

Hospital, Barlln, ▲••iaUnt at the Klinik of Hofrai FLSINEB, Haidalbarf. 

Sanatorium Friedrichshohe 

3269 (formerly Dr. Gierlich's ''KURHAUS EDEN") 

for Nervous Complaints, Internal Diseases and Convalescents 

o I^Leberberg 12 o WI!EHBADlil^ 30 SoiiSne Aussloiit 30 

Every branch of hydropathy. Electricity. Massage. Gymnastics. Carbonic-acid, Thermal 

and Electric Light Baths. Comfortable Residence for 15— 20 patients. Central Heating. 

Electric Light. Excellent table, o Frequented tliroughout the year, o Prospectus free. 

Prop, and Manag. Physician: Dr. B. Frledlaender. 



Kochbrunnen. Close by the latter is 

the Trinkhalle, an extensive building 

with a light and elegant colonnade. 

Taunus St., near the corner of which 

it starkds, leads to the War Memorial 

\)m beautiful Nerothal with the 

^ of the same name and, beyond 

(16 Marie nbrutjfi en. 

;n the S. side of the new colonnade 

s the Royal Court Theatre (Hof- 

iter), a handsome pile with rich 

occo interior including a fine new 

»h-room. Near it is a monument 

Schiller. 



Further southwards, in the Warme 
Dantm Gardens, there is a statue of 
the Emperor WilJiam I. Beyond it, 
at the end of the street, stands the 
English Church with, close by, a 
Monument to Bismarck. Turning to 
the right, a few paces bring us to 
the Museum at 20 Wilhelm St. This 
was erected. in 1812 as an hereditary 
castle: it contains the Royal Picture 
Gallery, a Library, a collection of 
antiquities &c. The pictures consist 
largely of specimens of the Dutch 
an J old German schools, with a few 



207 



WIESBADEN, 14 Victoria St 

Pension "Villa Wilhelmine" 



■iMitohollfl, 



5014 



Fine, tranquil titnatton. naxt to Angutta- 
Vlotoriabadi near Kurhaaa and Statioa. 



akarget. 
E. leaiar, Pn^ 



Venetian productions and a number 
of paintings by modern German 
artists. . 

Through Museum St^ we reaoh the 
Markt Pi., where the Bethans stands. 
It is a handsome modem buildins in 
German Benaissanee style, and is embel- 
iished with four allegorioal figures. On 
tihe gabloi there is an armed warrior, 
by Kiene, in beaten copper. The interior, 
which contains a Textile MaseniBy is also 
worth seeing. The Batskeller is adorned 
with freseoes. 



On the eastevn aide of Harkt Pi. is 
the STaMgellsehe Kirakel while tlM 
western side is oeeonied by the Bofal 
Sehloss. Built in 1887 and vanoTated ia 
1888, this latter ediilea eontains a number 
of statues by Sekwaathaler^ frescoes by 
Pose and seTeral modem pictures. Gioae 
by, there stands a IBcli Seliaol fsr Oir Is^ 
the building being ezeeedingly beati- 
tifol, with a remarkably fine mterior; 
indeed the school is said to ba the haad- 
somest of its kind in the world. Through 
Markt St, westwards, ws reaeh the new 
8ynagogme» a bemitilbl straeture ereeted 




WIESBADEN. 

= VILLA E 



RUPPRECHT. 

17 Sonnenberger St. 17 ' 

ELEGANT AND I-J ^^ M F 
COMFORTABLE n ^^/ VC 



a 



NEWLY ERECTED AND PERFECTLY APPOINTED. 
3253 OWN THERMAL BATHS. 

UFT. BALCONIES. 

REASONABLE TERMS. ^ EXCELLENT CUISINE. 



u 



by Hoirmsnn, in 1869, in Moresque style, 
with a dome and four cupolas 

Other buildings of note are:— the 
Catholic Chnreb, the Imperial Bank and 
Goyernment Buildings, all in Laisen St. 
Opposite the Church in Luisen PI. is a 
monument commemorating the battle 
of Waterloo. The street beyond it, 
Rhein St., leads westwards to the beauti- 
ful Blngkirche: at the other end of the 
same street is Frankfurter St., in which 
Aagasta Tictoria Bad, a fine new building, 
is situated. The bath is excellently 
appointed and fitted with every modem 



appliance and eomfort. It is shown for 
a fee of 1 mk.: in the basement are the 
thermal and mud baths: on the ground 
floor are two large swimming baths, the 
air chambers and the baths for speoial 
treatment of various kinds: the other 
floors contain the ordinary baths, the 
gymnasia, sapdbaths, Bontgen room ico. 
Pretty walks, through the Nerothal 
and Gapellen St, lead up to the beau- 
tiful Greek Chapel, containing the mortal 
remains of Duchess Elisabeth of Kas'*** 
the first wife of the late Grand r 
of Luxembourg. 



5 Nerothal. WIESBADEN. Nerothal 5. 

PENSION VILLA CAROLl) 

I i FINEST POSITION. ROOMS WITH OR WITHOUT 

m^^ BOARD. BATHS. LARGE GARDEN. — MODERATE 

I I CHARGES 3271 Frau H. BRADKE-HELFERICH. 

aoB 



J. & Q. ADRIAN, Wiesbaden. 

Offices: 6 Bahnhof-streeL Depftt: 6 & 7 Schlachthaus-street 

FORWARDING 



ol baggage and goods of any 
kind. 
1078 



REMOVALS 

from and to all places botk 
inland and foreign. 

STORAGE 

of furniture in massive fireproof buildings, specially erected for 

this purpose. 



The Wiesbaden Springs have been 
known from Roman times. They have 
a high temperature (69^ 0.) and contain 
principally common salt, with a certain 
amount of chlorides of calcium, potas- 
sium, lithium &0.: the proportion of 
protoxide of iron is very small; and 
the waters are principally of value as 
thermal saline springs. The number of 
thermal baths is about 900, the water 



for which is supplied by 20 springs; 
BO that no fewer than 2,600 persons can 
bathe daily. The complaints treated 
are chiefly rheumatism, soat, neuralgia, 
paralysis, skin-diseases «e. 

The waters are drunk mostly at 
the Kotfhbmnaesy dnriny the earlier 
hours of the day. Another drinking 
fountain is the Wllhelsisbrsiiaeay prettily 
situated in the {^rounds alongside Wil- 



4 LEBERBERQ 



WIESBADEN 



LEBERBERQ 4 



3264 



PENSION WINDSOR. 



SWISS MANAGEMENT. 



1*f Class German bouse. Opposite the 'Kiirpaif. Owi fiila with laroi iintoi. 

OPEN THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. 

= MODERATE CHARGES. = 

Thermal Bath in the house. LUDWIG BAHLSEN. 



helm St. During bad weatber, the waters 
trova this sprirg may be taken in the 
Neue Colonnaden. The drinking of the 
waters is of great benefit in complaints 
affecting the nose, the bronchial tubes 
and the other respiratory organs: they 
are also of great assistance in cases of 
dyspepsia, catarrh of the stomach and 
intestines, gout and corpulence. 



As an adjunct to the waters, grapes 
are employed in vast quantity: apart 
from the Bhenish fruit, grapes are im- 
ported from Meran and Italv, the yearly 
consumption being about 20^000 pounds. 
The grapes are eitner eaten, or the juice 
is pressed out and druttk, the effect of 
the treatment being to stimulate the 
various secretive organs of the body. 



Close to Kurhsus, Theatre &c. 



Brg S 

1, Thei 



WIF^RinFII = Telephone 938 

iVlLODnULlI Verv select and auiet oc 



Very select and quiet position. 



Villa Albrecht 

Jass house with large, beautiful and shady garden. 
Recently renovated. Every modern convenience. 
Elegant and comfortable rooms. Board optional. 
IS. •« Central Heating. *^ Electric Light. — ' Moderate Terms. 
FrI. ALBRECHT, Prop. 

aoo U 



em a 

WW 

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e § SS 

W 5 wr 

O OK 



igaS 



ssS 59" 



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210 



r 



BAD LANGENSCHWALBACH. 

▲BBITAL: By rail from Wiesbaden; 
the jonmey oooapies one hour, and 
passes through magnificent beeoh woods 
amonsT the Taunns MoontainB. 

MOTOB OHIf IRU8 and CABS nm from 
the station to the spa. 

ALTITUDE: 1,209 feet. 

POPULATION: .,000. 

T18IT0B8: 5,000 annually. 

B0TKL8: Hotel AUeesasl amd Tlllas, 
a leading honse, with French restaurant, 
extensive gardens & park, troat-fisliing, 
•— pat ionised by Baglish & Americans; 
Hotel iKtfopole, a very l>t class house 
in modem style, trout -fishing and 
deer- shooting 'free of charge to guests ; 
Hotel Msssaa, Istol.; Tannns Hotel, IstoL, 
delightful location, opposite pump-room 
& baths, great Gomfort. moderate onarges, 
excellent cuisine; Hotel Yietorla, a small 
but admirable house with excellent 
cuisine; Berliner Hof, good. 



BESTAUB.t Halepartvsy Pilsner Beer. 

CAFB A CONDITOBEI: Hotel TletoHa* 

GABS: Per hour, one horse, liks. 2.60; 
pair-horse, Mks. 4.—. Prices are higher 
duriner the afternoon. 

KUBTAXE: 12 MkS. Pnnp^rdOH Tax 
860 Mks. 

' ENGL. CHUBCH: Behind the Oorhaua. 
Servicea: 11 a. m.; 6 p. ro. 

LANGENSCHWALBACH is a fam- 
ous spa, known in early times and 
forming, in the middle- ages, a centre 
whither, during the summer, there 
flocked the aristocratic world. The 
I7tb cent was its prime period of 
flourishment ; and , having declined 
during the Napoleonic wars, it has now 
regained much of its former popularity. 

The place, which holds a central 
position among the numerous other 



Rotel JMetropoU 

Cbc teadfng And most modern Rotet of 

Bad Langen9d>watbad>* 

f^or •nglcrs & sportemen excellent trout 
and roebuiefi preserves 
s'** free for use of guests. 

Prop.: 6* Rerbiter» by appointment to tbe court. 



spas of the district, lies 778 feet 
above the Rhine on the north-west 
slopes of, the Taunus Mountains and 
mainly in a side valley of the Aare. 
Through this valley flows the Schwal- 
bach, whence the resort has obtained 
its name, the prefix "Langen" having 
been taken from the straggling form 
the village and added for the sake 
distinction. 

The ancient part of the place stands 
the neighbourhood of the protestant 
lurch and consists chiefly of interest* 
g 17th cent, buildings. Through it 
ns the high road, called Adolf Strasse, 
ading up to the modern district or 
»a proper on a terrace of the Paulinen 



Berg, with the Catholic Church, the 
Kursaal and the English Church, 
on the slopes above, and the Wein- 
brunnen and Stahlbrunnen in their 
respective valleys below. 

Through these valleys there flow 
streams, which, by erosion, have, in 
parts, almost laid bear the slate rock 
beneath. In such cases the subterranean 
waters with which the rock is saturated 
find their way to the surface. 

Most of the springs, and especially 
the Stahlbrunnen and Weinbrunnen, 
are rich in iron of an easily assimilable 
character owing to the presence, in 
great quantity, of carbonic acid. 

The waters of the two springs just 



211 



14» 



BAD LANGBNSeHWALBAen. >"• 

THUNUS HOTEL. 

In the best location, overlooking the Park and Royal bath-house and within a few 
minutes* walk of golf-links and lawn- tennis courts. Cuisine (k la pension) of the 
highest grade, and first-class in every respect. Prices moderate. J. J. Boll, prop* 

I mentioned are exported in bottles, and 

they are the only springs having Pump- 

Rooms. Both these and the remaining 

springs are of great value for bathing 

purposes ; while bf at least equal value 

with the waters are the famous and 
1^, vast peat- beds found in the district 

p and remarkable, for the quantity of 

^ salts which the mineral springs have 

F been depositing in them for ages. 

f THE WATERS AS A BETEBAGE. — 

From the aforesaid details it becomes 

dear that, the chalybeate waters being 

easily assimilated, their effeot is to im- 
prove the blood, strengthen the nerves, 

morease the appetite and assist digestion. 
THE WATEBS AS BATHS. — Their 
r external effect is to remove scurfy and 

I homy matters from the epidermis, as well 

P." as to cleanse the ^ores and increase the 

^ activity of the skin. Moreover,- the car - 

i': bonic-acid gas is of the greatest service 

I in strengthening the nerves and regn- 

■ lating the activity of the heart; while 

the great variety of springs renders it 

possible to adapt the baths to diseases 

of the most differingohara ter. 

PEAT- BATHS. — Here the pressure 

of weight, the various and peculiar salts, 

and, above all, the olmic acid are very 

effective in stimulating the activity of the 

skin, soothing the nervous system, aiding 

metabolism and resorbing discharges. 

INDICATIONS. — The principal ail- 
ments treated are:— clorosis, ansBmia, 

catarrh of the stomach, dyspepsia, dis- 
eases of the kidneys and bladder, malaria, 

Basedow's - disease ; nervous debility, 

hysteria, paralysis, rheumatism, gout, 

and all kinds of female complaints. 

TBEATHBNT. — In order to deal ef- 
fectively with these illnesses, the various 

Bath-houses, Sanatoriums &c. are fitted 

up with every conceivable therapeutic 

appliance which may aid in the treatment. 
Moreover, the well-kept paths in the 

lovely vicinity of the spa are carefully 

graduated to adapt them to the various 

gatients and to assist in the cure of 
eart- disease. 
BNTEBTAINMENTS. — The place con- 
tains a magnificent Pavilion where all 
sorts of entertainments are arranged. 
Open-air concerts are given at thePamp- 
rooms; and there is plenty of opportunity 
for lawn -tennis, fishing Ike; while the 
character of the environs ia such as to 



render picnics and excursions very 
enjoyable. In th'e valley of the Weiiii* 
brunnen, there are some fine Golf-Uafes, 
which were opened in the year 1907. 

SCHIiARTOENBAD. — POP.: 400. 
— ALT.: 1,000 ft. 

HOTELS: The following are the pro* 
perty of the Royal Administration: — 
Nsssaaerhofy three bathine-honses with I 
lodgings attached, Oesellseliaftsbsair 
Berliner Hof and Sehwelserhaas. 

PBIFATB HOTELS: Tictoria; Parlter 
Hof Ac. 

ENGLISH CHUBCH SEBTICB is held 
every Sunday in the evangelical chorcb. 

KUBTAXB: 10 mks. each person. 

This is a charming village and spa 
with a permanent population of between 
800 and 4(0. It is situated on the southern 
slopes of the Taunus Range at an ele- 
vation of nearly 1,000 feet: while the 
lovely valley in whioh it lies is sur- 
rounded by tree-olad hills rising to a 
height of 2,000 feet. The climate is very 
invigorating and refreshing; and osa is 
made of whey as an adjunct to tLie 
thermal baths, whose temperature variea 
between 2t^ and Q2fi G. The waters rtb 
used either at their natural temperature 
or artificially watmed. The analysis 
made by Fresenina in 1888 gives ihe 
following results: — calcium sulpliate 
0.018, carbonate of lithium 0.0026, sodium 
carbonate 0.002, sodium chloride 0,27 
with a large proportion of free carbonic 
acid. 

The waters of the Setalangea quelle and 
Marlen quelle are also used for drinking 
purposes. 

The above methods of treatment, com- 
bined with the bracing character of the 
atmosphere, are exceedingly bene^eial 
in cases of nervous affections, female 
complaints, skin - diseases, gout and 
rheumatism, and also for convalescents 
and aged persons. 

Very beautiful walks throuffh the 
woods surrounding Schlangenbad 

17: From BERLIN (tee par 
via STENDAL and LEHR1 
to HANOVER. 

STENDAIi (POP. : 28.600. — HO*. 
Nlcolai; Adler) station is BXk import 
junction, on the line of rail bet'vt^ 
Berlin and Hanover, with brani 
running to Brunswick, Hambi<^~ 



212 



Bremen. The oity posseeses a Boland 
(cf. Bremen), and a number of note- 
worthy edifices in late •Gothic style, 
the most remarkable being:— 

The Cathedra], a fine edifice, with 
traces of Transitional work and some 
15^1^ oentary windows. In the Cloisterty 
a museum will be found. Another im- 
posing church is the Harieaklrebe, close 
to which stands the Batkans. 

The only other town of note on the 
route to Hanover is 

liEHRTE, a junction for Hantbnrgy 
Bmnswlek and Elldesheim. 

HANOVER. 

POPULATION: 275,0UC. 

HOTELS: Kast«n's Hot., 1** class, in 
magnificent situation at Theater PI., 
entirely rebuilt and refurnished in 1903 
in American style (bath attached to 
rooms); Uojal Hotel, (prop. Gh. Kasten), 



oppogite the station, patronised by 
royalty and by best American society, 
is a l"t class and well -managed house 
very suitable for Anglo - Saxons; 
Coatlnentaly facing Boyal Opera and 
dose to Station, I'tolass, fine rooms; 
Grand Hotel Teseby excellent l*t class 
house, facing station and Q.P.O., well- 
managed, every comfort; Bristol; 
Bhelniseher Boffj Xarop&iseker Hof; 
Waehsning*s Hotel. 

BOABDIIie-HOUSBS: Pension Sanne- 
nanuy 44 Heinrich St., very superior 
house, patronised by Americans and 
offering great educational advantages; 
Pension Wnthmanny 84 Heinrich St., 
excellent l>t class house, facing park ; 
Perns. Intemationaley 21 Princen St., l"t 
class family house in fine, healthy situ- 
ation, with baths &c., best references, 
recommended by the Offizier Verein; 
Freydaaeky 64 Konig St, comfortable 
family house offering agreeable oppor* 
tunity for study, moderate terms, ex- 



HANOVER. 



ROYAL HOTEL. 



3716 



: OPPOSITE THE STATION. = 



SPLENDID FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, 
o THE QUIETEST AND LEADING AMERICAN HOUSE, o 

SINGLE BEDROOMS AND APARTMENTS WITH BATH ATTACHED. 



cellent references : Pens.Wallis, 4 Park St^ 
opposite Polytechnic, excellent table, 
ofiers good opportunity for learning 
German; Bengen, 12 Gr. Aegidien St.; 
Ehrborn, 2 Haar St.; Gewecke, 2 Brdder St. ; 
Grossheim, 14 Adelheid St.; Kaataer, 
9 Limburg St.; Klie, 25 Artillerie St; 
SehfUrr. 14 Friesen St. 

WINE BBSTAURANTS: Georg Halle, 
celebrated for excellent wines & cuisine; 
Grd. Hot. Teseh, h la Kempicski, Berlin, 
well-cellared beer and wines, excellent 

ine; Otto Beotter, Lange Laube ; 

erndteby in the Bilenriede, 1** class, 
and wine. 

LFlftS: Sehnidl), 16 Theater St., lit 

; Kropeke (formerly Bobby). 

LBS: 2 persona, 10 min. (or 1,000m.) 

;.; 90 min. (.%200 m.) 00 pf.; 80 min. 

) m.) M. 1.20; 46 min. IL 1.60; 1 hr. 

.00. For 4 persons about Vs more. 

>r 10.80 p. m. fares are doubled. 

ANKSt Filiate der Dresdner Bank 

commended to yisitors for exchange 

less &c. 



HannOTersebe Bank, 20 Georgsplatz; 
Lptaraim Meyer A Sohn, 9 Louisenstr. ; 
Darmstfidlier Bank, Aegidientorplata ; 
A. Spiegelberg, Landschaftstr. 

BATHS: Stadtisehe Badeanstalt an der 
Goseriede: Dianabad, 18 Bahnhof St. 

U. S. CONS.: Bobert J. Thompson, 
Bsq.. 29 Marien St. 

BRITISH CONS. : C. 0. SteTeason, Esq., 
22 Hildesheimer St. 

ANGLO-AMERICAN CHUBCH: Klages 
Markt, Bev. D. Cowling, Grimm St. 
Sun. 11.80 a. m., 6.0 p.m. H. 0. ev. Sun. 
at mid -day. 

THEATRES: Hof-Theater, drama, opera 
and ballet; Eesidens-Theateri Dentsekes 
Theater; Melllni-Th eater. 

BOABDING- SCHOOLS: Owing to its 
beautiful situation and the purity of 
the German spoken by its inhabitants, 
Hanover ia one of the principal Con- 
tinental centres of edueatioh. Among 
the numerous boarding-schools, the 
following enjoy a high repute:— 



218 



MIM Amdrew's College for Yonng 
Ladiei, 11 BlumenhaKen St., provides 
a good Oontinental edacation combined 
with the comfort and refinement of 
an English household. The college is 
a hright roomy building in a healthy 
spot, close to Herrenhausen gardens, 
i^isted by resident German & French 
governesses, as well as professors and 
masters, the principal accepts pupils 
of various ages for instruction in all 
subjects. 

James Gray B. A. (London) F. E. J. S. 
& Mrs. Gray, 68 Alte Dohrnerstr., S. Ferry 
Beed, 88 B6dekerstr., Captain H. J. Fuller, 
17 Eichstrasse Prepares for Civil and 
Military Exams. 



LINEN 000 DS: J* 0. von der Llade, 

Purveyor to H. M. the Emperor, 93/94 
Oster St. (comer of Karmarsch St.). 
A leading house, and celebrate<1 for 
its table linen, underclothing, bedding, 



troQsseauz fto.; samples and ptioa-llsi 
frse. 



The city of HANOVER, a favourite 
resort of Anglo-Saxons, is the capital 
of the province of the same name, 
the latter having ceased to be a king- 
dom in 1866, when it became, by 
conquest, a part of Prussia. 

It is, for many reasons, a great fa- 
vourite among foreigners. Bordered 
to the north and east by extensive 
woods, to the west by Herrenhausen 
Park and to the south by the lovely 
grounds of the Maschpark, the town la 
one of the healthiest and pleasantest 
in Europe. The roads are paved 
with asphalt; and many of them are 



== HANOVER. = 

KASTEN'S HOTEL 

2473 FIRST-CLASS HOUSE. 

EMTIRELY REBUILT RMD MEWLY FURNISHED 1905. 
AMERICAN STYLE; BATHS ATTACHED TO THE ROOMS. 
AUTOMOBILE ROOM. HElNRICH KRSTEM, Prop. 

PURVEYOR TO HIS MAJESTY THE GERMAN EMPEROR. 



provided with special wooden tracks 
rendering it a perfect Eldorado for 
cyclists. Taxation is low and living 
cheap. Moreover , fine museums, 
libraries, colleges of science, the con- 
servatory of music and other edu- 
cational institutes of the town make 
it a leading place of residence for 
young people, particularly as the 
German spoken here is almost un- 
rivalled for purity. 

The Society for Promoting the In- 
terests of Foreign Visitors (Verein fur 
Fremdenverkehr) gladly furnishes in- 
formation and guide gratis. 

The Railway Station is situated in 
the centre of the town. In front of it 
is a bronze statue of Ernst August; 
close by stands the Post & Telegraph 



Office; while opposite the station, at 
No. 5 Ernst August PL, are the offices 
of the Society for Promoting the 
Interests of Visitors, where verbal or 
written information may be obtained 
gratis, (open on weekdays 10 — 1 and 
3 — 5 o'clock). Bahnhof St. leads into 
Georg St., the principal street and 
promenade of the town. 

At the comer is the favourite CM 
Kropcke, designed by Goetze and 
larged by Lorenz. From the col 
house, with its beautiful garden, 
admirable view of the bustling 
animated George St. & Theaterp 
is obtained. 

Overtopping the other edifices 
the vicinity, there rises here 
fine 



214 



Court Theatre (Hof-Theater), em- 
bellished with statues of Sophocles, 
Terence, Goldoni, Moliere, Shakspere, 
Calderon, Lessing« Goethe, Schiller, 
Mozart, Beethoven and Weber. The 
building contains an auditorium, de- 
corated with beautiful symbolic fres- 
coes and arabesques, and capable of 
accommodating 1,650 persons. 

In front of this edifice is a monu- 
ment to Marschner, the composer 
and conductor. The musician is re- 
presented leaning upon the conductor's 
lectern as though listening to the music 
as it issues from the building within 
whose walls he so long laboured. 
Here, too, are a marble monument 
to Siromeyer, the surgeon, and a 



bronze statue to the famous techno- 
logist Karmarsch, for many years 
Director of the Polytechnic Academy. 
On the W. side of the Platz is So- 
phien St., where the 

Kunstlerhaus is situated. It is a 
handsome structure in Romanesque 
style, erected in 1855 by Geheimpr 
Regierungsrat Hase and possessing 
a fa9ade ornamented with statues 
of Diirer, Leibniz, Peter Vischer and 
A. V. Humboldt, alternately represent- 
ing art and science. The granite 
lions flanking the steps are copies 
of the ancient Egyptian work in the 
Capitol at Rome. In the Kiinstler- 
haus are held the annual exhibitions 
of the Kunstverein. 



HANOVER. 



CONTINENTAL HOTEL. 

4082 OLD ESTABLISHED WELL KNOWN HOTEL. 

RIGHT OPPOSITE THE ROYAL OPERA. 

O BEAUTIFDL OPEN LOCATION, 2 MINUTES FROM CENTRAL STATION. [=] 

OTIS LIFT. EVERY MODERN COMFORT, 
o LARGE AND LOFTY APARTMENTS, o 



At the end of Sophien St is 

the imposing Provincial -Sidndehaus 

(Council House) in Italian Renaissance 

style built by Baurat Wallbrecht, 

Qose by, in Prinzen St., the Vater- 

Iftndische Museum. It contains a 

fine collection of uniforms and 

mementos of the past life of the 

Hanoverian peasantry and citizens. 

Not far from here are Georgsplatz, 

larkable for a statue of Schiller, 

\ the following buildings: — 

loverian Bank, Hall of Indus- 

il Art, Reichsbank and the High 

\ools. 

ust beyond is Aegidicn-Thor PI, 

Marien St., to the left, is the 

autiful Gartenkirche, a white sand- 

"oe building, with an interesting 



churchyard containing the remains of 
Charlotte Kestner (Werther's Lotte), 
and Caroline Herschel, sister of the 
celebrated astronomer. There is also 
a curious grave to be seen here: the 
tombstone bears an inscription for- 
bidding the opening of the grave. 
Oddly enough, under this very 
stone, a seed became lodged which, 
sprouting, has burst open the tomb, 
and tilted the enormous stone which 
sealed it. 

Returning across Aej^idien-Tor PI., 
we soon reach Aegidienkirche, a 
14th century building with a Renais- 
sance tower added in the 18 th cent 
After the demolition of the original 
edifice, a Gothic structure was erected 
having a nave and two aisles, the 



216 



whole of which was completely re- 
modelled by Laves. 

Opposite the cliurch stands the 
ancient "Justiz Kanzlei" — now a 
private residence: it is a Gothic 
building with a notable brickwork 
gable in the front. 

Passing through Markt St., we 
reach the Marklkirche, the oldest 
church in Hanover, it being mentioned 
as early as 1238. The g[ass in the 
choir dates from the 14th cent: 
the rest of the windows are beau- 
tiful, modern work; while the interior, 
restored in 1850, is decorated with 
paintings by Schaper. 

The MarM PI, is embellished with 
a monument to Luther and with a 



statue of Ernest the Confessor, Duke 
of Brunswick & Liineburg, and one 
of his wife, Elisabeth. 

Close by is the Old Rathaus, com- 
menced in 1439, but restored and 
enlarged at later periods. 

At No. 10 Schmiede St., Leibniz 
once lived: the house, which is a 
beautiful example of German Renais- 
sance architecture, is now occupied 
by the Industrial Art Museum, 

From the Marktkirche westwards, 
through Kramer St., one reaches 
Holzmarkt, with fine fountain. Here, 
too, rises the Residenz Schloss in 
Leinstrasse, a 1 7th century building, 
with a somewhat plain facade towards 
the Friederiken PI.; though the 



SPECIAL HOUSE FOB LINEN, rj.";',' Jupl.?.;^^ 

Largest atook In Body-Linen and tattle oUvers, napfclns, poolcet-handkeroMeft 4o. 
^^:^ COMPLETE TROUSSEAUX. :» sjc ^ 

J. G. VON DER LINDE 



3714 



PURVEYOR TO H. M. THE EMPEROA 

== HANOVER = 



93 & 94 Oster Street, corner of Karmarsch Street. 



"Tempel" fa9ade, added in 1817 by 
Laves, produces an imposing effect. 
The interior is decorated with ad- 
mirable frescoes by Jakobs and plastic 
works by Bendel. 

Between the principal sentry-box 
and the main porch stands the Schloss- 
kirche, a remnant of the Minorite 
Cloisters. The exterior is uninteresting ; 
but the decorations of the interior 
are very pretty, and include a not- 
able altar-piece by Lucas Kranach 
and a fresco of the "Ascent of 
Christ" by Oesterley. In the crypt 
(1667) repose the remains of numer- 
ous monarchs, including King George I. 
of England. 

Close by are the Leine Water 
Works, an imposing building sumpt- 



uously decorated, and faced by a 
beautiful fountain. 

Opposite the Schloss is the Altes 
Palais in which were born Queen 
Louise *the Good' of Prussia and her 
sister. Queen Friederike of Hanover. 

At the corner of Friedrich St. is 
the new Rathaus, once the palace 
of George V.: beyond it stands the 
School of Industrial Art. 

In the beautifully laid-out gror— -*- 
across the road rises the Kes 
Museum, built from Manchot^s 
signs in 1889. The inception 
this famous institute is due to i 
mann Kestner, son of the keepe 
the records in Hanover and gn 
son of Charlotte Kestner (Goe< 
Charlotte Buff). This gentlem*" 



216 



HANOVER GRAND HOTEL TESCH hanoveb 



Leading House in unrivalled position on Ernst-August PL, opposite Station and 
Post Office. Opened 1904. Evc^ modern comfort. Lift Central heating throughout 
Bath-room and telephone on every floor. Moderate charges. Fine RettaoraAt* 
4 la Kempiatlti, Berlin, Excellent cuisine and wines. Prop., Otto Teich. 







217 



HANOVER. 



Pension ^rnnemann 

44 Heinrich Sti 



t«t GLASS QOARO in own Villa dose to 
o extensive woods and lo rnicu 
Q from StatioD and Oper^ Hous& 
o ' EOUCATlQflA L AOVAHTAQES. - 

Highest R&fdrenoei by Colleo^ Professors. 



HaNOVER. 



Pension Wuthmann. 

He! n rich St 34, 

l«t Clai« FtmUr Pensloi]. Excellent Cuisine, E^est SJtuatfOik Ptclnc Park, 



1881 J presented his native city with 
an extensive collection of antiquities 
and pictures, togetlier with the sum 
of 1 00,OC)0 m ks. as c on trih u ti o n to ward s 
the erection of a suitable building. 
The city, with the assistance of the 



state, then acquired, for 600,(XX) mks,, 
Culemann^s collection of mediaeval 
curiosities. 

The building, which is also the 
depository of the municipal library 
and the city records, contains a lecture 



HANOVER. 



PENSION INTERNATIONALE. 

4OS0 HI Prlnzeu St,, adjolulug^ Tbleleu PI. 

Pitiest jtnd healthiest spuL First-class family house. Baths. Excellent references. 
Recommended by the Otfizier-Verein. Frau BbtouIu Ton Tlilel«Dj prop. 



room and & handsome stair-case. 
On the first floor will be found, 
among other curiosities, an 8th cenU 
copy of Paul's Episiles, Alcuin's 
work on rhetoric (IQth cent), auto- 
graph letters by WahensteiUi Tilly, 



Pappenheim, Queen Elizabeth, Mary 
Stuart, Mozart, llilndel, Voltaire, 
Rousseau &c. The bccond storey 
contains Egyptian, Roman and Greek 
antiquities, paintings by van Dyck 5fcc., 
copper-plate engravings by DiJrer and 



Veri/ comfortable Home &>S;;,/?<,S^ 

iti Hanover for pleasure or study. AGREEABLE LIFE. VERY MODERATE 
38(J2 TERMS. filGUBST REtERENCES. 

JF*rau A, If'BEYDAiVCiS: (nee Bansi), 
Hanover. 54 KOnig SL Hanover 



HHNOVER. 



4 Park St. 



Pension Wallis 

facing Polytechnic in Herrenhauiea Park, Excellent cuisine. Recommended 
learning German, 3718 Frau M, WmV 

S18 



Lucas Kranach and a aketoh by 
Goetiie. In the western hall, there 
are, among other notable relics, a 
gold medallion with portrait of Mary 
Stuart and a lock of her hair. 

Close to the Kestner Museum, an 
imposing new Rathaus is in course 
of erection. 

In the grounds, there is a handsome 
fountain, surmounti^ by a Siaiue of 
Guienberg, now generally admitted 
to be the inventor of movable types 
(see Mayence and Haarlem). 

Close by this fountain, amidst the 
beautifully laid-out grounds of the 
"Masch Park" rises the Provincial 
Museum, a fine structure in Italian 
Renaissance style, crowned by a 
fine cupola. The entrance to the 
Art Collections is on the left side, 
and that to the Natural History Col- 
lections on the right. The joint 
Collections of Brunswick and LQne- 
burg (Guelph Museum and Cumber- 
land Gallery) have been transferred 
to this museum. To the right of 
the entrance-hall are the Pre-historic 
and Ethnological departments. In the 
first two halls the pre -historic dis- 
coveries are exhibited. A splendid 
marble stair -case leads to the prin- 
cipal storey. Halls 25, 26, 27 con- 
tain sculptures of old and modern 
masters, remarkable antique originals. 
Halls 28—33: Relics of the Middle- 
Ages, Vessels, Glasses, Flags &c. 
Halls 37—39: Palaeontological, Con- 
chological. Botanical Collections &c 
— The upper storey contains a 
magnificent Vaulted Hall; sixteen 
marble columns support the dome. 
The windows and balcony command 
-" extensive view of the pretty 
lunds of the Masch Park, of the 
m and distant mountains. — 
lis 40—48 (Hall 45 Friedrich 
lulbach Hall) and rooms 21—25, 
to the left, contain paintings 
modern masters (among others 



Achenbach, Cornelius, Defregger, 
Fr. Kaulbach, Fr. Aug. Kaulbach, 
Lenbach, Leasing, Oesterley, Piloty, 
Spangenberg, Segantini Vogel, A. von 
Werner). Rooms 1 — 20 contain 
paintings by old Masters (Holbein, 
Kranach, van Dyck, Rubens, Ruysdael, 
Bordone, Guido Reni, PfUma Vecchio 
&c.). Halls 49—57 contain a fine 
^Zoological Collection. — The museum 
is open free on weekdays from 
10—3, and on Sundays from 11—2 
o'clock. 

Westwards lies Waterloo PL, with 
a column erected, in 1826, to the 
Hanoverians who fell at the battle 
of Waterloo: the column, which was 
designed by Laves, is surmounted 
by a copper figure of Victory (Hengst) 
and affords a good view of the 
town. The Plaiz is one of the 
drill -grounds for the military; and, 
adjoining the barracks, there stands 
the Armoury, containing the flags 
of the Hanoverian army. Opposite 
is the Polizei'Prdsidium, an imposing 
building. Not far distant is a Statue 
of Count Alten, the general who 
took part in the Peninsular War and 
at Waterloo. Hard by, there is a 
bust of Leibniz, a work executed 
by Hewetson, the Irishman. Here, 
too, are the Royal Archives and 
Library, and the Oberprdsidium, 
Through Archiv St., turn to the left, 
and on the right is the Neustddter 
Kirche, where the remains of Leibniz, 
the philosopher, are interred: it is 
a Renaissance structure containing a 
16th cent communion cup and other 
interesting objects. At the N. end of 
the street is the handsome Synagogue, 
a Moresque edifice designed by Oppler 
and situated in the middle of the old 
town with its quaint and crooked 
streets. The newer town is hand- 
somely built, with broad roads and 
fine modem edifices. 

Working westwards, we reach 



General - Offleo of tbo Hamburg - American Lino: 18 Georg StrooL 

919 



Goethe ' PL, where stands a hand- 
some 

Garrison Church in Romanesque 
style. In the north-west of the 
town begins Herrenhausen Allee 
on the right hand of which rises 
the Welfenschloss , an imposing 
Romanesque building now used as 
a Polytechnic School. In front of 
the building is a beautiful prancing 
stallion, called the Saxon Horse, 
Behind the palace is the Welfen 
Garden, which is very prettily laid- 
out. To .the left of the avenue 
are the pretty grounds known as 
Georgen Garden, and, at the end, 
is situated 

The Schloss in Herrenhausen, once 
the residence of the kings of Hanover. 
It contains numerous portraits and 
other interesting memorials of the 
Guelph family. 

Southwards of the Schloss lies the 
French Garden, in Lewis XIV. style, 
with an open-air theatre and numerous 
statues and fountains. These last play 
on Sun. & Wed. from 4 — 6 p. m. (May 
to Aug.), and 3 — 5 p. m. (Sept.): the 
finest of them rises to the remark- 
able height of 67 "2 metres, an ele- 
vation hitherto unattained by any 
other fountain. 

Not far from the fountain is situated 
the statue of the Eleciress Sophia, 
which marks the spot where she died. 
The French Garden received its present 
form in 1666 from designs by Le Notre, 
the famous Matire des Jar dins 
Royaux under Lewis XIV. Conse- 
quently, it is, after the parks of 
Versailles and Schonbrunn, the most 
remarkable of its kind. The Berg- 
garten, opposite the Castle, is a 
tastefully laid -out spot of great in- 
terest both to connoisseurs and to 
the uninitiated. In spring, a certain 
part of it, called "Paradise", is re- 
markable for its vast and varied 
plantations of rhododendron and 
azalea. In the orangeries and hot- 
houses there are numerous rare and 
beautiful plants, including a large 



variety of orchids and a fine victoria 
regia. But the most famous place 
is the palm-house with a wealth of 
tropical plants of all kinds. A walk, 
bordered by tall old lime-trees, leads 
to the Mausoleum, which contains 
the beautiful recumbent marble figures 
of King Ernest Augustus and his con- 
sort Queen Friederika, — master- 
pieces by Rauch. 

Not only Herrenhausen, but also 
the other environs of Hanover, are 
exceedingly pretty. The favourite 
walk is to the Eilenriede, a forest 
(660 ha.) which stretches right up to 
the eastern edge of the town and 
justly forms the pride of the inhabi- 
tants. Near the entrance at the end 
of Konig St., is the handsome Krieger- 
denkmal (monument to warriors killed 
in the Franco - Prussian war of 
1870). In front of the pedestal and 
flanked on either side by allegorical 
lions stands the weeping figure of 
Hanovera. It is surmounted by an 
imposing statue of *'Germania'* hold- 
ing aloft the palm of peace and 
accompanied by two genii. Close by 
is the "Neue Haus", an elegani 
restaurant in pretty grounds. Ten 
minutes beyond it is the Zoological 
Garden. 

Finally, it may be added that 
the Hanover cemeteries are of 
considerable interest, the Engesoh- 
dener, with its magnificent monu' 
ments and beautiful flowers, being 
especially fine. 

EXCURSIONS: (1) To the Tiergartea, 

a ooltivated forest well stocked with 
lame deer. (2) To Heather Bergr* a hill 
154 metres in height, lying to the west 
of the town and affording a fine viewi 
it ie best reached by electric car from 
Bahnbofplatz (comer of Schiller Str.>« 
Beyond Benther Ber^ there is ano"' ~ 
fine elevation, called (8) Oehrdener f 
with handsome restaurant (Nieden 
sen) and fine view; and, still fai 
the heights of the (4) Delster, a n 
of hills with several fine sammits, 
highest of which is at Anna Tower 
metres): the best ronte is by ral 
Springe, E^estorf and Barsinghan 
the latter also being reachable oy ' 



r 



VEREINIGTE SCHMIRGEL- UND 
MASCHINEN-FABRIKEN, A.-G., 

vormals S. OPPENHEIM & CO. und SCHLESINGER & CO. 



3713 



HANNOVER - HAINHOLZ 
HARBURG, ELBE :: 

LONDON, TOTTENHAM PARK 

ALL KINDS OF EMERY GOODS. 

EMERY WHEELS. QRINDINQ MACHINES. 

MOULDING MACHINES. MILLING MACHINES. 

SAND BLASTING MACHINES. 



(5) Stelnhnder Lake with ita fortresa 
WilhelmsteiD. 

Adjoining Hanover on the W. is 
the manufacturing town of Linden, 
with a pop. of 55,000, largely em- 
ployed in cotton- mills and rubber- 
works. 

Terelnigte Sehmlr^l- nnd Hasehlmen- 
Fabrikem A.-G. (yorin. S. Oppenheim & Go. 
und Schlesinger & Co.). HaaoTer-Haln- 
bolz nnd Harbnrg an der Elbe. 

This firm was established daring the 

early sixties and the ezcellenoe of its 

-prodnotions, whioh inolade Emery, Glass 

and Flint Paper and Cloth ox every 

description and saitahle for all the 

markets of the World, is well-known 

everywhere. It also manufaotnres High 

Class Emery Grinding and Polishing 

Machinery for General Grinding and 

""<»«iial parposes, also Very Superior 

Ds-Emery Wheels, Rings &c. of the 

t>rated "Vulcan", "Atlas" and "Nep- 

'* Brands. 

rther, the works produce all kinds 
achines for Metal - Founders , as 
Iding machines, actuated by hy- 
ilic and hand power, as well as 
machines for sand -preparing and 
-blasting machines. 
>reover, the firm make first-rate 
»«: Machines, and will be pleased 



to forward its Catalogues to anyone 
who has an interest in them. The 
manufactures of the firm enjoy a wide 
celebrity both at home and abroad. 

18: From BERLIN via MAGDEBURG 

(see page 164) 

to BRUNSWICK. WLDESHEIM 

and HANOVER (see page 213). 

BRUNSWICK. 

POPULATION: 136,423. 

HOTELS: Dentsehes Hans 9 l«t class; 
Monopel, !■* class; Kaiserhofy opposite 
the State Railway. 

THEATRES: Hof- Theater; SesiBiei^ 
Theater (Ho1st*s Garten). 

CABS: In the inner town, 60—80 pf. 

e. P. OFF.: 8 Friedrich Wilhehn St 

U. S. CONS.: Talbot J. Albert, Esq., 
9 Kaiser Wilhelm St. 

BRUNSWICK, the capital of the 
Duchy of the same name and the 
residence of the regent, Prince Joh. 
Albrecht of Mecklenburg 'Schwerin 
is engaged principally in the manu- 
facture of sausages, biscuits, sugar, 
tobacco, machinery and woollen goods. 

The town has retained much of its 



321 



I 



i 



mediaeval appearance, and possesses 
many good examines of timber- 
work. The most important build- 
ings are:— 

The SehloMy a handsome edifice, 
erected, in ite present form, In 1865. 
The main fafade, 416 ft in length and 
110 feet high, has a magnificent porch 
erowned by a very fine quadriga, mo- 
delled from designs by Blettehel. On 
the parapet are two enormous statues 
of Kaiser Otto IT. and Otto the Child. 
The gronp on the pediment represents 
Hearj the Lien blessmghis subjects with 
paMWk On applioation to the CaatellsMy 
th« interior may be Tie wed; wbila the 
fiuden behind the bnUding is al all 
times op«iD to the publio^ Hard by 
ar« the Bajril Stsblei. In front of the 
SehioBi ar« Btatmes of Deke Ffedeiiek 
irUlUm (Hahnel), and of Duke €srl 
WUlUm Ferdtnsnd. To the E, of the 
9lable>a staods the Chmeta ot Bt. Ma^nnSy 
fom^d(id in lOaL It is in TransitiDaal 
style, and poHsesHea some LLiterestiDg 
monuments. A little further E.^ bat vteen 
Btainth^r promo nnde & the Duoa) Park, 
(m sltoiLted the JflviftiiMf open daily from 
lO— 3 in summer, and 11 ^—^3 In winter. 
It is a bfmdsome striictaTe oontaiolng 
a fine Flclvrtt fialleri-, in which the 
0atch and Flemisii fiohools greatly 
pTe-domlDKte'. Therii are several paiut* 
inga by Rembrmndt (including tbe cale* 
brated **Pbyo«opli6T''| and Jmn Hteea 
and a few by Hnbeiis aud ran Dycks 
room No» SO ctontuins the only ape- 
cindene of the Itabon & French sohoQls. 
On the second flooVf there in a collec- 
tion of anti^itiities, among which Is the 
■O'called Maatasn Tsie^ out ont of a 
itngiA sardonyx. 

SJKtuHted la the middle of the pork, 
is the Thoslre^ a beantlfal btiildiug, to 
the N. of which stands the monument 
to the oomposer Frans Abt« 

Returning again westwards, through 
Stein wegi we come to Burg PI,, on 
which the Cathedral rises. It was 
built by Benry the Lion towards 
the cloae of the 12th century and 
is an edifice in Romanesque style. 
Unfortunately, the towers, which 
were burned down the year after 
Its complelion^ have never been fully 
restored. The interior is shown by 
the sacristan, who lives at No. 5 
opposite the western door. 

It contains an early* Gothic monu- 
ment to the Founder and his eon- 
sort: there is also a brass, near 
tiie choir^ marking the spot where 



the remains of the Bmperar Otio I. 
are laid. In the southern aisle, there 
is a monument to Duke Louis Rudolf , 
cast in zinc. The decoration of the 
nave is from designs by Pr^f^sor 
Essenweiu, while the candelabra, 
hung in the nave, is copied from 
that in Hildesheim Cathedral. The 
frescoes in the choir and transept, 
the alabaster representation of Biskop 
Hermann, the sandstone statue of 
Henry the Lion, the wood^ figures 
of John the Baptist and St. Blasius 
and other carvings are worth seeing. 
The crypt, which is very large, con^ 
tains the family vault of several 
branches of the Guelphs: it has 
to be lighted, and is shown for a 
special fee. 

To the N. of the Cathedral is a 
bronze figure erected on a pedestal 
by Henry the Lion (1166). Eastwards 
from it is the old Palace built by Henry 
on the spot where the Castle o/Dank- 
waderode stood. The present building 
having suffered repeatedly from the 
ravages of fire, has been recently 
restored. The southern side of Burg PL 
is occupied by the Police StaUon, 
the Law Courts and the New Siadt- 
haus, the Old Stadihaus being on the 
eastern side of the square. North of 
this last building stands the Armory 
and beyond it, in Caspari St, the 
"Provincial Museum", On the square 
at the end of the street, there is a 
fountain with a statue of Henry the 
Lion, Here, too, rises the Church of 
St, Catharine, a handsome building, 
said to have been commenced by 
Henry the Lion. 

HagenbrOcke, a street running west* 
wards from Hagenmarkt, leads to the 
Neustadt Raihaus containing the ' 
Museum with collections of Tent 
antiquities, various works of ert 
The ground -floor contains the ( 
Archives and Library, In the eout 
chamber, there is some beau 
panelling dating from the 16th < 
Through Kuchen St. and then tal 
the first turning to the right 



the AUe Vfaage, a fine old 
wooden structure in late-Gothic (1634). 
Beyond it is St, Andrew* s Church, 
of which the story goes that it was 
built by rich cripples: it is an edifice, 
partly Transitional and partly Gothic. 
The tower, 300 feet high, was built 
in 1740, the original (1.^18) having 
been destroyed by lightning. The 
gable of the southern aisle is em- 
bellished with sculptures representing 
the Annunciation, the Adoration of 
the Magi, Plight into Egypt and 
the Throne of Christ: the steps of 
this last are thronged with cripples 
in allusion to the above legend. 
Returning by the '*Alte Waage" and 
passing through Meinhard Hof, we 
turn sharply to the right, and, a few 
paces further, reach the BrUdern' 
kirche, a large Gothic building with 
a copper font, some reliefs and an 
excellent altar-piece: it has also some 
beautiful stained -glass and choir 
stalls. Working from here towards 
the S. W., we come to Altstadt 
Markt, where the Altstadt Ratkaus 
stands. . It is an elegant and inter- 
esting Gothic building commenced 
in 1250, with open arcades whose 
9 pillars bear each a statue of a 
Saxon prince. 

Opposite the Rathaus is St, Martinis 
Church, founded in the I2th cent, but 
enlarged and remodelled at several 
different periods. The fafades con- 
tain some excellent carving and fine 
porches. In the wall, at one of the 
corners, is a tombstone representing 
von Rauchhaupt in full armour as 
ho fell during an attack upon the 
town in 1615. In the interior of 
the building is a brass font and 
interesting old pulpit embellished 
ih marble reliefs. There is also 
nonument of Hans JUrgen, the 
rover of the spinning-wheel, 
'he Altstadt Markt contains also 
le fine old private houses, and is 
»rned with a pewter fountain erected 
1408. Through the Eiermarkt to 
S. we reach the Synagogue, in 



ByzantO' Moresque style. The old 
ramparts, laid -out as gardens and 
promenades, contain several modem 
buildings and statues, among which 
the following may be mentioned:—: 
The Monument commemorating the 
war of 1870: it is an enormous figure 
of Germania, supported by an obelisk. 
To the N. of it is a bronze statue 
of Lessing, who died at 12 Aegidien- 
marJti in 1781. He is buried in the 
Cemetery of St, Magnus Church, 
which is situated in the S.E. of the 
town ; close by is a monument to 
Schill who, together with 14 of his 
soldiers, was shot and buried on the 
spot by order of Napoleon the First 

HILDE8HEIM. 

POPULiTION: 45,080. 

HOTEL: d'Angleterre^ l«t class, near 
Cathedral and Town Hall, Bngliah 
newspApers. 

HILDESHEIM is a semi - Catholic 
city, which has preserved its mediaeval 
character in such perfection as to 
have earned the cognomen of Nurem- 
berg of the North. 

The quaintness of the place is in 
keeping with the legend of its origin. 
While hunting, Ludwig the Pious, hav- . 
ing followed the quarry too eagerly, 
got separated from his companions. 
Benighted in a lonely spot, he lay 
down to sleep and was visited by an 
angel falling as snow. This messenger 
made him various revelations, and 
directed him the way home. On 
waking, the king found a rose-bush 
where the angel had stood. Here, 
therefore, he erected a cathedral 
round which the town afterwards 
grew up. 

Historically, the place is first 
mentioned as the seat of a bishop in 
814. In the following century, Hildes- 
heim displayed remarkable artistic 
activity, and became, two centuries 
later, one of the chief centres of 
Romanesque art 

Its principal buildings, which illus- 
trate admirably the transition from 
Ogival to Renaissance may be visited 



from the railway station in the 
following order:-" 

The Town Hall, a late- Gothic 
edifice of the 14th cent, — colonnaded 
aAd containing on the first floor a scries 
of fine frescoes by Prell: the most strik- 
ing are that representing Lewis the Pious 
and Irmingard conferring the bishopric 
on Gunthar; and that of Hermann (Ar- 
minius) handing over the Roman spoil 
to the priests at Galgenberg. 

Hard by, there are several inter- 
esting gabled houses embellished with 
beautiful carvings: the finest are the 
Templar House, Wedekind's House 
(1589) and the Knochenhaner House 
(1529), the last being considered the 
largest and handsomest timber struc- 
ture in Germany. 



St, Andrew's Church possesses a 
14ih cent, choir and a high modern 
tower. 

The Cathedral was founded in 872, 
the present building exemplifying the 
late-Gothic and Romanesque periods. 
The interior, decorated in Barocco 
style, contains numerous interesting 
relics, such as a large candelabra, a 
13th cent, font, a remarkable, carved 
pillar and some very old MSS. of 
music. In the cloisters will be found 
the famous rose-tree referred-to above. 

The Romer-Museum contains varied 
collections. 

St, Godehard's Church in the S. of 
the city, is a 12th cent. Romanesque 
edifice, admirably restored and con- 
taining frescoes and relics. 



HILDESHEIM. 



HOTEL D'ANGIETERRE. 

__ FIRST-CLASS =: 
NEAR THE CATHEDRAL & TOWN HALL. 

ENGLISH NEWSPAPERS. GEORG HEERDT, PROP. 



Following the ramparts northwest- 
wards, we reach the 

Magdalena Church (I3tb cent.) 
with notable artistic productions by 
Bern wards. 

Hence, the Hoher Wall brings us 
to the War Monument; while hard 
by is St, Michael's Church, founded 
by Bishop Bernward, and constituting 
one of the grandest Romanesque 
basilicas in Germany. 

Recently the town has begun to 
add to its artistic interests also 
those of commerce; and a great 
number of factories have sprung up 
of which the most important is, per- 
haps, Senkin^s Cooking-Range and 
Stove Works. 

WALKS A EXCUBSIONS: To Galgen- 
berg, to the B. of town, with belvedere 



commanding: extensive views; to Berg- 
holz, Wohdenberg fte. 

19: From HANOVER, to HAMELN, 

MUNDEN, PYRMONT, DETMOLD, 

PAOERBORN, SOEST and DORTMUND 

(see page 232). 

HAMELN.- POP.! 20,000. — HOTEL: 
Scbaper*s Hot., o]>posite principal station. 

'Hamelin town in Bmnswick*', wjth 
"the river Weser deep and wide, which 
washes its walls on the sonthem side^*, 
has obtained an accidental celebrity Vtv 
reason of its legend of the Pied P 
a story made familiar to the Bng 
speaking peoples by Robert Browi 

It is a quaint old town an^ is jo 
to the left bank of the Hver b, 
saspension bridge, not far from 
influx of the Hameln stream. 

The finest of its edifices is the 

Minster of St.Bonifaee, sitnaied 1 
the bridge and dating from the ll^b ct 
though, after a oonflagration * 
Uth cent., completely reouilt. 



224 



Besides this building, the town con- 
tains also a number of Renaissance 
(tmotures of considerable interest, the 
most important of them being:— 
Dempter Honse, at 7 Uarkt, Hoehseits- 
hans at 2 Oster St. and the world- 
famed BsttenfSngerhsns at 7 Oster St 
The last of these is, of coarse, connected 
with the famous legend referred -to 
above. As to the origin of the story, 
various explanations have been given, 
the most commonly accepted being that 
it is based on the tradition of an epi- 
demic of choreomania which is said to 
have seized the youth of the town to- 
wards the close of the 13ti» cent. In all 
probability, however, it is but a warped 
remembrance of the "Children's Orusade" 
which took place in 1211. 

BXCUBSIONS: Of these the favourite 
are:— (1) to the Klfit, a once fortified ele- 
vation opposite the town» commanding a 
fine prospect & having much-frequented 
pleasure* gardens on its slopes; (2) to 



Heisenkliehey on the right bank of the 
stream; (8) by steamer to Carls h of en and 
MSuden ^see below); (4) via Fischbeck, 
Tlotho (Odtte Inn. — Pop. 4/)00J ~ a pret- 
tily situated spot — to L$hne; (R) a two 
days^ trip up the Valley of the Weser. 

NUNDEN (POP.: 10.000.- HOTELS t 
HessUeher Hof ; Andree's Berpr) is a charm- 
ing old place with a pop. of about 10,000. 
The town lies in a delightful spot on the 
tongue of alluvial depositei by the 
rivers Werra anp Fnlda which here unite 
their waters to form the Weser. 



, BAD PYRMONT. 

Chalybeate, Saline bath of the l>t order. 
POP.: 8,000. - YISITOBS: Upwards of 
25,000 annually. — ALTITODE: 400 feet. 

ABBIVAL: D-trains Cologne-Berlin and 
Altenbeken-Hanover stop at Pyrmont. 

HOTELS: Fttrstl. Knrhans ft Knrhotel, 
opened in May 1007, managed by the Spa 



D WM<M% #^ «% 4> C «% s% First-class Chalybeate, 

ryrUlOni apa Hud and Salme Baths. 

A Leading Health Resort 

QPECIALITY* Compound Chalybeate • Saline Baths 
J = and DrinKing Waters. == 

FIRST-CLASS KURHOTEL. under management of the Spa Authorities. 
80 ROOMS, LIFT, EVERY MODERN COMFORT. 
4084 = 25,000 VISITORS ANNUALLY. = 

For PROSPECTUS or for BOTTLED WATERS apply to the 

FURSTLICHE BRUNNEN - DIRECTION. 



authorities, every modem convenience; 
Waldeeker Hof, l>t class family horel, 
retarnished in 1906; Lippe'sctaer Hof, 
1st class; znr Krone 9 l^t class; Bass- 
mnssen; Bade Hotel* 

BOABDINO-UOU8E8: Blehter's Pens. 

is a celebrated old family board ing- 
honse at which Frederick the Great 
often alighted, the house having retained 
its good name to the present day. Eng- 
UqIi spoken; Pens. Seoppewer, Kloster 
e, i«t class family house in elevated 
healthy spot 

.BS : From and to Station 1.50 mk.; 
'9 hour 8 mks. 

B-TAXE: For one person staying 
»j than a week 16 mlis.: for every 
ional member of a family 8 mks. 
TEBTi INH EMS ftc.: Good orchestra; 
-tre; Reunions; Concerts; Garden 
1; Firework displays; Excursions 
he beautiful surroundiog hills, to 

' '■'•"'•or "Wnlil Xrn 



—yor Wald &c. 



PYRMONT is a spa of great renown 
with a permanent population of 3,000, 
the number of its guests and patients 
being upwards of 20,000 annually. 
The h'ttle town is situated, at an 
altitude of rather more than 400 ft., 
in the pretty valley of the Emmer. 
The hills surrounding it are dad 
with thick woods whose luxurious 
foliage enlivens the exquisite scenery 
with its rich tints. They are reached 
by the beautiful avenues that lead 
from the town in various directions 
and, commencing with a gentle in- 
cline, become gradually steeper and 
steeper as they approach the summits 
of the hills. 

These last, rising to a height of 



225 



15 



over 1,500 feet, effectually protect 
the town against bleak or boisterous 
winds, but lend it, at the same time, 
all the advantages of a mountain 
climate. The mean summer temper- 
ature does not rise above 16^ C; 
while intense cold is rare during 
the winter months. The season lasts 
from the beginning of May till the 
10th of Oct. 

The air is bracing and invigorat- 
ing: the newly-arrived patient feels, 
almost at once, the exhilarating effect 
up'on the nervous system; the appe- 
tite is stimulated and tone given to all 
the functions of the body. Moreover, 
to the influence of the atmosphere 
is added that of the waters. There 
are, in all, eight springs falling under 
two heads, namely the ferruginous 
and the saline. 



FERRUGmOUS SPRINGS : — 
The water of the Hauptquelle (Chief 
Spring) contains a large proportion of 
calcium carbonate, calcium sulphate 
and magnesium sulphate: its prin- 
cipal chlorides are those of sodium 
and lithium; while a large quantity of 
iron occurs in the form^^of bicarboniate 
of iron-protoxide. The water, which 
is effervescent, tastes ferruginous and 
slightly acid. The spring yields be- 
tween 350 and 400 litres per hour; 
and the water is consequently des- 
patched in large quantities to various 
parts of the world. 

The Brodelhrunnen, which yields 
between 7,000 and 8,000 litres hourly 
and is used only for bathing purposes, 
contains also a large percentage of 
iron. The quantity of carbonic-acid 
gas is so great that, as the water 



3719 PYRMONT- 

HOTEL >A/ALDECKER HOF. 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOUSE NEWLY FURNISHED 1906. 

• ALB. BOTTCHER. 



rises, it throws off thousands of 
bubbles, which, bursting on contact 
with the atmosphere, produce a 
noise audible throughout the length 
of the avenue in which the spring 
is situated; hence its name of 'fons 
bulliens*. 

The Helenenquelle differs but 
slightly from, the Hauptquelle in com- 
position, containing more sulphates 
and somewhat less iron. Of all the 
chalybeate springs it is the richest 
in carbonic acid, and possesses a 
most agreeable flavour: it yields 
12,000 litres of water an hour having 
a temperature of 12.7^ C. and a 
specific weight of 1.0038. 

Of the lemaining springs the most 
deserving of mention are :— the Augen- 
brunnen, used in treatment of the eyes, 
the Trampelschc Eisensauerlinge; 



and the Pyrmonter Sauerling, much 
prized as a ^.able beverage. 

The waters of the first four springs 
mentioned above are led through 
underground conduits to the reser- 
voirs at Stahlbadehaus, whence they 
are distributed to the various baths. 

SALINE SPRINGS:— The 
Salzbrunnen, opened in 1795 by 
Dr, Tratnpel, rises on the left bank 
of the Emmer. The water is clear, 
slightly sparkling, and salt, but b»a 
a very agreeable and refresh 
flavour. It tastes best when dr 
at the spring, but is despatchec 
bottles and flasks to Pyrmont e\ 
morning at sunrise. 

Close by is the Old SoolqUi 
whose waters, differing but 1 
from the above, are employed o 
for bathing purposes. 




227 



15* 



BAD PYRMONT in schOnster Gegend Mitteldeutschlands. 

RICHTERS PENSION. 

Aelteste und besuchteste christlicheKur- undFremdenpension. 

A or Wanscli Prospekt mlt Anslcliten una Empfelilnnffen. 

English spoken. On parle fran9ais. Se habla castellano. Men sprekt hollandsch. 



The New Soolquelle; bored in 1856, 
is situated on the right bank of the 
stream at the foot of Muhlenberg, 
Its waters, likewise used for bathing 
only, contain above four per cent of 
mineral matter (3*20/o salt), and rank 
among the best of their kind. 

As a valuable adjunct to the above, 
mud-baths are employed according to 
the latest scientific methods. 

The so-called /mud', which contains 
a high percentage of iron, sulphur, 
carbonic acid, formic acid, ammonia 
&c., is obtained from the fens lying 
beyond the pavilion park, and is at 
least equal in medicinal value to those 
of Franzensbad and Marienbad. 

After being dug out, it is laid in 
sheds to be weathered. Thence it is 
carried to th^ Moorbadehaus, dried 
in lofts, and afterwards ground in 
a mill. Having been sifted, it is dis- 
tributed for use to the various bathing 
establishments. 

The principal street in Pyrmont is 
Brunnen St. Here are situated the 
G. Post Office as well as most of the 
Hotels and large houses of business. 
It is a fine promenade lined on the 
one side with lime-trees and on the 
other with oaks. Its western end is 
occupied by the "Brunnen": while, 
looking southwards, we catch a 
glimpse of the Muhlenberg Hills. 
From the Brunnen, a continuation of 
the street, named Bassin St.» leads 



past the Helenenquelle and the play- 
grounds along the southern side 
of the pavilion park. A few paces 
to the N. E. of Brunnen PI. is 
the New Stadtkirche, a handsome 
Gothic building in which, during 
the season, English services are 
held. Returning through the same 
street, across Brunnen PI., we 
pass, on our left hand, Altenau 
PL, beautifully laid -out and de- 
corated with a vase modelled by 
Prof, Drake and presented by 
him to the town. A few steps 
beyond, and on the same side 
of the way, is Kaiser PU em- 
bellished with Volcke*s monu- 
ment to the Franco -Prussian War. 
At the end of the street there is a 
fountain, whence we can return 
through the magnificent avenue 
termed the Haupt Allee, whose 
mighty lindens, 2CX) years old, 
intertwine their branches over- 
head like the archings of a church- 
aisle. In the avenue is situated the 
Theatre which, though its exterior 
is somewhat old in appearance, has a 
comfortable, modem auditorium. 
Close by is the handsome 
New Pavilion (Kurhaus). The main 
building consists of two stories, the 
upper one containing the large ball- 
room and concert-room, with elegant 
side-apartments. In one of the wings 
is the magnificent dining-room; u' " 



Pyrmont 

Kloster AII6e. 



PENSION SCOPPEWF 

I - FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOUSE - 

in the fine, high and healthy positioi 
Apply for prospectus. = 



the remainder of the building is 
occupied by the reading • rooms, 
billiard-rooms, &c. The restaurant 
and kitchen are under the able 
management of Mr. F. G&nger, for- 
merly manager of Hotel Bristol, 
Vienna and Britannia, Venice. 

The roofs of both wings are laid- 
out as terraces with hanging gardens. 
From the western wing, one obtains 
a beautiful view across the park 
to the Goldfish Pond^ surround- 
ed by numerous copper beeches. 
Looking southwards, we see the 
white walls of the Lugdc Cloisters; 
while immediately across the park 
rises the 

Schloss, surrounded by ramparts 
and an unusually broad moat This 
building contains a number of pictures 
by Fischbein which, together with a 
few other objects of interest, may 
be inspected by the public. The 
ramparts, too, are worth seeing, if 
only for the sake of an enormous 
lime-tree, whose trunk measures over 
16 feet in circumference, while the 
foliage droops to the earth all round, 
and forms a charming arbour. 

The environs of Pyrmont are exoeed- 
ingly pretty and ofifer opportiinity for 
■ome aelightfnl exoarsions, the favourite 
beincf to GeHelgmady Sehelleaberg* 
Frledemtfthl and Iberg. 

DETHOIiO (POP.: 12.000. — HOT.: 
Llppeieher Hof) is situated on the Werra, 
about three miles from Teutoburgerwald. 
It is the capital of the prinoipality of 
Lippe - Detmold, the Besldena - Schloss 
I standing near the centre of the town. 
The edifice is a 16«b century structure 
and contains some fine tapestry. The 
new Palaee, with its beautiful garden 
and fountains, stands in the southern 
part of the town. The Palace itaelf is 
closed to the public; but the grounds 
"""** be viewed on application at the 
in Garten St. A monument, by 
be, to Albert Lortalag, the composer, 
da on Theater PL 

le nearest part of Teatobnrger 
■t is at OroteabvTg. which lies 
in an hour's walk to the southwest 
le town, the route beine the Avenue 
le aide of the canaL rOrotenburg 
height about 1,160 feet above the 
eveL surmounted by the gigantic 
isaa's Deakmal erected in 1^5 in 
tioratian ol the bloody vietory 



obtained by Arainlus over the Bomans 
in A. D. 8. The total height of the 
monument is no less than 186 feet; and 
from the gallery running round it a 
splendid panoramic view is obtained. 
(As to the exact spot where Her* 
mann*8 ffreat victory was won of. 
Osnabraek, below). 

Other pleasant excursions are to 
BerUheck Springs, Bxternsteine and 
Horn. 

PADERBOBlf (POP.i 94,000.— 
HOT.: Weisser Sehwaa; Prenssiseher Hof) 
is an ancient city with a 12*1^ century 
Cathedraly repeatedly damaged by fire, 
and thoroughly restored a few years 
back. To the north of the Cathedral are 
198 springs which constitute the '3um 
of the Padei" (Paderborn). A peculiarity 
of the water is that, though .cool in 
summer, it is so warm in winter as to 
vaporise. Other interesting buildings are 
the Bathavs, the Protestaat Chnreh, the 
Basdorf kirehe and the Jeaaitenkireke. 

SOEST (POP.: 16,780. -r HOTBLSt 
Overweg; Yoswiakel) once a Hanse town, 
was formerly surrounded by fortifications, 
considerable portions of which still re- 
main. The walls and one of the ancient 
gates, Osthoven Thor, have been pre- 
served : but the moat has been laid-out 
in gardens. 

The Cathedral dates fronvtbe 12ti>cent. 
Close by is the chapel of St. Hieholas; 
while opposite is the BatbanSy where 
some interesting records may be seen. 
But the finest building in the town is 
the Wieseakirehey possessing a note- 
worthy apse, two old altar-pieces, and 
a U^ cent altar-cloth. 



SO: From HANOVER, 

via OSNABROCK and MONSTERi t§ 

OBERHAUSEN. 

osnabrCck. 

POPVIiATIOBt 69,1676. 

HOTBLSt Behaubarg} Dt«tlAg*s. 

OSNABROCK is a busy industrial 
centre containing numerous edifices 
of considerable age and interest, in- 
cluding several quaint gabled houses 
in and around the market-place. 

The chief public buildings ars:— 

The Cathedral, partly Romanesque 
partly Transitional, with good 13^ 
cent sculpturing, fine cloisters &c 

The Marienkirche, handsome Gothic 
structure (12th — 15^ century) with 
carved altar. 



The Rathaus (15*^ cent.), adorned 
with modern' statues, contains the 
Friedensaal with 44 portraits of 
members of the conference which 
negotiated within its walls the Peace 
of Westphalia (1648). 

The Museum containing a Natural 
History Collection and Teutonic anti- 
quities. 

The Law Courts, the Govern- 
ment Buildings, and the Johannes- 
kirche (13th cent.) with fine wood- 
carving &c. 

Osnabriick is supposed to be situ- 
ated near the spot where Hermann 
(Arminius) obtained his great victory 
over Varus (A. D. 9). Between the 
town and the village of Barenau, 
and especially at Venner Moor, many 
Roman antiquities have been dis- 
covered. 

MONSTER. 

POPULATION: 65,000. 

HOTELS: Konig t. England; Eaiser- 
hof, opposite the Bailway Station. 

This ancient and formerly Hanseatic 
city is the capital of Westphalia. 

The Cathedral dates from the 13th 
cent, and contains, in the southern 
vestibule, sculptures of Christ and 
the Apostles. Most of the old deco- 
rations were destroyed by the Ana- 
baptists ; but there are a marble group 
by Achtermann, a 14th cent, painting 
above the north porch and a relief 
over the southern one. Opposite the 
Cathedral is the Stadthaus, containing 
statues of Hermann (see Osnabriick), 
and others. Not far from this building 
is the beautiful Ludgerus Brunnen 
In the Dom PL stands also the Uni- 
versiiy. Behind it is the ancient 
Jesuit College where, in the Pauline 
Library, are some interesting portraits, 
including one of John Leyden, the 
Anabaptist. On the Haupt Markt 
rises the Rafkaus, a fine edifice with 
a handsome Gothic gable. The most 
interesting room in the building is 
the Friedensaal, where the Peace 
of Westphalia was signed in 1648. 



Adjacent to the Rathaus is the old 
Weigh House: while, on the other 
side, stands the Stadikeller, both build- 
ings being in Renaissance style, and 
the latter containing some Italian and 
German pictures of an early period. 
At the N. end of Haupt Markt rises 
St. Lambert *s Church, in elegant 
1 4 th cent. Gothic. 

A little to the N.W. of Dom PI. 
and just across the river, is the 
Church of Our Lady, another fine 
Gothic building of the 14 th cent. 
The choir possesses some fine stained- 
glass; while, beneath the organ-loft, 
are two pictures by Ludger torn Ring, 
one of the best representatives of 
the Miinster school. 

St.Aegidius and the Ludgerikirche 
are two churches, in the S. of the town, 
which are well worth seeing; while 
close to the western ramparts stands 
the abbey Church of St. Maurice, 
In the N. of the city is the Church 
of St, Martin, commenced in the 
1 2 th cent., and completed at the 
close of the 14th. The W. side 
of the town is still surrounded by 
the moat, which completely shuts in 
the Schloss-Garten, At the entrance 
to the garden stands the Schloss 
itself. Once the Episcopal Palace, 
it is adorned with allegorical sculp- 
tures, and contains, in the chapel^ 
an altarpiece by Fischbein. Behind 
it, in the Schloss grounds, is the 
Botanical Garden; while outside 
the grounds and a little to the S. 
of Abschnitt Thor, is the Zoological 
Garden. 

OBERHAUSEN. 

HOTEL: Hof Ton Holland. 

OBERHAUSEN is an indus I 

town of growing importance, situi I 

at the junction of several lines f 

railway, which, indeed, called it > 

existence. Although the town \ 

only about 60 years old, its \ . 

already numbers 42,250, princip r 

employed in the large iron founf s 
of the neighbourhood. 



M: Fram HANOVER to MINDEN, 

BAD OEYNHAUSEN, 

BIELEFELD and DORTMUND. 

HINDEN (POP.: 26,490. — HOT.: 
Tletoria; Stmdt London) is an episcopal 
see, its chief edifice being 

The Cathedral, whose nave is 13th 
century work: the tower was erected 
in 1062 : the choir, added in 1370, 
was restored a few years back. 
The interior contains some valuable 
works of art 

At Porta Westphalica, in the 
river valley between Jacobsberg and 
Wittekindsberg, $tands a monument 
to the Emperor William I, From 
this spot a fine panoramic view is 
obtained. 

BAD 0EYNHAU8EN. 

FOP.: 8,500. YISITOBS: 85,000 annuaUy. 
ALT.: 264 feet. 
IBBIVAL: Oeynhanaen lies on the 
routes Cologne - Berlin, Flashing -Berlin 
and Hook of Holland-Berlin. 

HOTELS: Knrhotel, l>tol.; Tietozia; 
Togeler; snm PaTillon. 

SB A SON: Summer, from May 15th till 
Sept dOth; winter, from Ootober !■* till 
M*y 15th. 

KUBTAXE: One person 16 mks., two 
persons 2L mks.; children under 12 years 
free: the tax inoludes musio fee and is 
not levied in winter. 

OBYNHAUSEN is a favourite bath 
founded in 1846. It lies in a beautiful 
spot on the Werra, between the Weser 
Mountains and the heigbts of Teuto- 
burger forest, and, beine surrounded 
by fine woods^ enjoys a nealthy and 
invigorating climate. 

The spa possesses four thermal 

and two ordinary springs; but it 

is chiefly to the former that the 

[ h owes its fame as a health- 

1 >rt. The waters, which possess 

i atural temperature ranging from 

C. to 34*5^ C, contain some 

various salts, and are surcharged 

i carbonic acid. 

The value of this gas in the 

itment of nervous debility and 

ired complaints is well known. 

nother advantage of the Oeyn* 



hausen springs is their variety. This 
is so great that it enables physicians 
to obtain by mixture, baths of any 
required strength and to adapt the 
treatment to the peculiarities of the 
patient^s constitution. 

One of the springs, the Borloclh 
soole, rises unmixed, and contains 
90/q of common salt: the other, the 
Schachtsoole , is mingled near the 
head of the shaft with fresh water 
and thus reduced in strength to 3% 
of salt. 

By combining these two, any de- 
sired proportion of salt may be 
obtained in the bath. 

The high percentage of common 
salt in the Borloch Spring is one 
of the great characteristics of Oeyn- 
hausen, and the variety of the 
springs adapts the spa for the 
treatment of diseases of the most 
manifold character. 

The principal edifices in Oeyn- 
hausen are naturally the Pavilion 
and the Bath Houses. The former, 
besides its theatre and covered 
colonnade, possesses reading, music, 
drawing and dining rooms. Beau- 
tiful grounds, 120 acres in extent, 
surround the building, and form the 
chief resort of visitors. 

BXCUBSIONS: To Porta Westphalieay 

2Vi hours on foot, but oftener visited 
by rail: the place is famous for its 
monument to ''William the Great". 

BIELEFELD. 

POPULATION: 68,050. 
HOTELS: Spemgler*s| Drel Kronem: 
eeist. 

This important commercial town, 
beautifully situated on the skirts of 
Teutoburger Forest, is the Westphalian 
centre of the linen-trade. The principal 
places of interest are: — SU Marys 

I Church and Nicolaikirche, both pos- 

I sessing fine altars. 

Above the town stands the old Castle 
of Sparenbergy a fortress erected in the 
12th century. It was damaged by fire 
in 1877, but the destroyed parts have 
been restored. 



DORTMUND. 

POPULATION I 176,8001 

HOTELS: B$mUelierKaUor;K8l]ilMher 
Hof I MMdendorf. 

This old place is the chief town 
in Westphalia. It is purely industrial, 
most of the inhabitants being engaged 
in the metal foundries, or in the large 
and celebrated breweries. There are, 
however, a few buil-dings of interest, 
such as the Church of SU Reinold, 
which contains some good stained- 
glass and a fine late-Gothic font, bronze 
lectern &c. Close by is 5/. Mary*s 
Church, a IStb cent Romanesque 
basilica with an early - Gothic choir 
and an interesting old altar-piece. 
Other old churches are SL Pcter\ 
between Westenhellweg and Kamp St., 
and the Roman Catholic Church, 
near the Markt PI. The old Rathaus 
also stands here: having fallen into 
a somewhat ruinous state, it was 
tastefully restored in 1899, and now 
forms one of the most interesting 
sights of the town. At Hoherwall 
is the monument to the war of 1870. 

In the middle - agea, when Dortmund 
was a free and Hanse town, its com- 
meroial importance was much greater 
than at the present day; bat, since the 
reunion of the German states, it has 
been rapidlv returning to its old posi- 
tion, one of the leading firms being that 
of the engineering concern "DortmuQder 
Union", whose works deserve inspection. 
Donbtless, as the centre of a large mining 
district, Dortmund is destined to take 
even a higher place among German 
manufacmring towns than it at present 
holds. Till recently, all its prodacts 
had to be despatched by rail, and all 
its supplies obtained in like manner. Bat, 
in Ang. 1899, a canal, connecting it with 
the Ems and the Rhine, was opened 
which has already began to work its 
baneficial effects, raw material and food 
supplies being brought from the North 
Sea and from Holland, while the pro- 
ducts of the town now leave for all parts 
of the world by the same routes. 

^%i From DORTMUND, via HAGEN, 

to BARMEN, ELBERFELD, 

OHLIGSWALD; SOLINGEN and 

REMSCHEID. 

ttAiQBir (POP.: 70,000. — HOT.: 
lUbiensebloss) is a flourishing manu- 



facturing town and one of the most 
important centres of a busv industrial 
district Its situation, at the junctioB 
of several railways, will probably render 
its importance much greater after tha 
lapse of a few years. 

BARMEN. 

POPULAHON: lA5,97i. 

HOTBIf I Togeler y l** elaes bousa 
patronised by Americans. 

CABS; see Elberfeld. 

U. 8. CONS, t George Sageme Eager, 
Esq. 

BARMEN and Elberfeld, though 
under separate administration, are 
divided by no distinct line of de- 
marcation; and the inhabitants, 
numbering together, about 325,000, 
are engaged in similar pursuits. 

Barmen is beautifully laid-out with 
gardens, and possesses some fine 
streets and buildings. Of the former, 
the most important are Alice Si, and 
Gcwerheschule St, 

The handsomest buildings are: — 
the Rathaus, Evangelical Church, 
Sladihalle & Armory, the last con- 
taining monuments to the Emperors 
William and Frederick. 

This last edifice was designed by 
Hartig for the reception of- the town 
library and various historical and 
artistic collections. The Municipal 
Museum contains biological and 
mineralogical collections. 

The environs of the town are, perhaps, 
even prettier than those of its nei^- 
bonr Elberfeld. The sonthem side is, 
qn account of its gardens and woods, 
especially beautifal: from amonfif the 
latter, rises the Toelletharm, a belvedere 
from which a good view is obtained. 
To the E. of the tower, in the valley 
below, flows the Mnrmelbaeh (murmuring 
beck), along whose shady bank, the 
return jonrney may be made. 

ELBERFELD. 

POPULATION: 167,710. 

HOTELS: Weideabof; a. Post 

CABS: l>t class, 1 mk.— 8 mks. 
2nd class 50 pf.— 1.60 mk. (1 hr.) 

ENGL. CH.t Bev. e. A. King 1 
Sun. 6.30 p. m. 

ELBERFELD and the neighb. 
Barmen form practically one tr — 



r 



over 300,000 inhab., stretching for 
a distance of over eight miles along 
the banks of the Wupper. The 
inhabitants are chiefly engaged in 
^reaving, calico-printing, lace-making 
and kindred manufactures. Indeed, 
•s early as the 16th cent., the many- 
bridged place was celebrated for its 
teaching works. It is now the most 
important seat of the textile industry 
in Germany , while its chemical 
works, cotton-mills and other fac- 
tories give employment to some 
40,000 hands. The productions of 
the cotton spinning and the silk 
branches alone have an annual value 
of 36,000,000 dollars. 

Elberfeld*s most important buildings 
are: — 

The Rathaus, a magnificent struc- 
ture in modem Gothic style, designed 
by Reinhardt of Charlottenburg, and 
opened by the reigning emperor in 
Oct 1900. The Law Courts, con- 
taining a large room with a fresco of 
"The Last Judgement'* by Bauer; the 
Theain; and Holy Trinity Churck, 
with stained -glass, are also notable. 
There are, moreover, several fine 
monuments, such as Prof. Eberlein's 
Statue of the Emperor William /., 
the same sculptor's monument to the 
Emp. Frederick, a bronxe statue of 
Bismarck by Brunow, and a War 
Monument by Albermann. 

The town is snrroonded by hillt,whieh, 
in many parts, are laid-out with gardens 
and well-kept promenades. There are 
oonseqaently pleasant ezcarsions to be 
made, among which the best are to 
IllsenhShe (250 ft. and with a belvedere 
aff<Mrding a pretty view), and, across 
Klesbergy to KonlgsbShe, surmounted 
by two outlook-towers. The rail from 
Barmen - Elberfeld to Cologne has a 

' "^ion at 

QlilGSWAIiDy also a oentre 
le steel industry: at this station 
' I must change trains for 

SOLINGEN. 

JLlTIOZTt i6,0U0. 

ILSi Bggers; Devtsehes Haas* 

• CONS.t WUUam IL Sstes, Baq. 

JNGEN, the Sheffield of Ger- 
is very famous for its steel 



and iron works. The industry is said 
to have been founded in the 1 2th cent, 
by the Counts of Berg, who, by intro- 
ducing workmen from Damascus, gave 
to the Solingen swords a world-wide 
celebrity. The cutlery has retained its 
renown to the present day, and the 
export is very large. There are, in 
the town, upwards of forty large 
factories, ten of which are engaged in 
the manufacture of swords and give 
employment to about 1,500 work- 
people. About 7,000 are employed 
in the scissor and knife industry. 
J. A. Henckels of the famous '*Twin 
Works" is the best known firm. 

Solingen has now railway connec- 
tion with 

REMSCHEID (POP.t 60,10a ~ 
HOT.: B. Weiaberir), the seat of the 

small -hardware industry. 

23: From DORTMUND via BOCHUM, 

ESSEN, RUHRORT, DUISBUR6, 
DOSSELDORF & MOLHEIM Rhine, 
to COLOGNE. Or from DORTMUND, 

via OBERHAUSEN, DOSSELDORF 
and MOLHEIM o/Rhine, to COLOGNE. 

BOCHUM. 

POPULATION: 118,000. 

HOTBLS: Nevbauer; Kalserbef. 

BANK: Essener Credit Anstalt does 
every description of banking business. 

This is an important railway centre, 
deYoted almost entirely to the miaing 
and steel industries. The principal con- 
cerns are the Westphalian steel- works 
and the east-steel works, with extensive 
iron foundries and model lodgiDga for 
a large nursber of its many thousands 
of workmen. In the N. part of the town, 
there lies a pretty park. 

ESSEN o/Ruhr. 

POPULATION: 220,500. 

nOTBLSt BhelBiseher Hef (at the 
station); Berllaer Ilof; Monopol (both 
in the town;, 

BESTAUBANT: Palest Best. 

GAFBt Katoer Cafi. 

BANK I A. Sehsaffbsosea'seber Bank* 
Tereln» 21 Linden Allee, is a highly re- 
eommended concern. 

POST OFFICES Burg PL 



THE RHINE 

and its side valleys, 
the most lovely river-basin in Germany, 

ON THE RHINE is the finest climate in Germany. 
ON THE RHINE ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ traffic arrangements in 

ON THE RHINE ^"^^ *^® ^^^ ^^^^^ ^®*' motor-cars in 

ON THE RHINE grows the best wine in Germany. 

ON THE RHINE are the finest castles in Germany. 
^^M TUIir QUlMcr are the most beautiful spots for 

ON THE RHINE iL2r„„''Mrn/"'" "'* '"" "■ 
ON THE RHINE ;,lJ^l SeMnr""' "**"'"'" 

ON THP RHINP ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ suitable cities for con- 
\ji^ I nt nnil^c gress-meetings in Germany. 

OM TUET DUIMCT are the best facilities for sport of 
UIM I nt KMIIMt ^„ ,^j„j,3 i„ Germany. 

ON THE RHINE ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ dietary conditions in 

3940 

Then off to the Rhinel 

Information given personally and by post. Guides &c. to the 
entire Rhine district as well as to the particular towns, watering- 
places and health-resorts may be had gratis and post-free from the 

Central-Office of the "Rheinischer Verkehrsverein" at Coblence. 

1*116 flplendid edition de luxe of the Rhelnlscher Verkehram 
*" oereln's epoch-maKing album entitled "THE RHINE, ITS SIDE 
VALLEYS AND WAT£R1NG*PLAC£S FROM MANNHEIM TO EMMERICH" 
may be ordered direct from the Central Office of the Vereln or 
throttjth any booKseller. Price 6 MarKt. 



234 



This important manufacturing town 
is the centre of the largest coal-mining 
district in Germany. The plentiful 
supply of coal has called into existence 
an extensive iron industry, which is 
rapidly increasing. The most cele- 
brated works in the town are those 
of Krupp, whose gun factory is too 
well-known to call for comment 

A statue of Alfred Krupp, by 
Schaper, was erected in 1889, in 
front of the handsome Rathaus. The 
Minster is a very old building dating 
from the ll^i cent. In the interior, 
there are an altar • piece and a 10th 
cent candelabra , which are both 
worth seeing. The treasury contains 
a number of productions also of the 
10th cent: while to the N. of the 
building are situated the beautiful 
cloisters. 

BVHBOBT (POP.s 12,410. — HOT.: 



IjpoMeisiiMf 

m lengthX 

mdries &«. 



Freuileeker Hof). Thii u a tlixfTiac 
town, siiiiated at the oonfluenee m. 
the Buhr and the Bhine, and i 
■ome lazge doeks (6 miles £ 
important ooal mines, fonndries .. 
The place also eontains one or two inter- 
esting statnee. 

D17ISBUBG (POP.: 100,000.- BOT.i 
Karopileelwr Hof | Berliner Hof; Prlna 
Begent). 

CABSs From gtation to town, 75 p£; 
baflxage 26 p£ extra* 

This anoient town of the Rhine Pro- 
vince is engaffed principally in the ooal 
trade, there oeing many mines in the 
valley of the Bahr. on the banks of 
which the town lies. During recent 
years, a number of factories hare alio 
sprang op. The principal building of 
intereat u SalratoreUrehe » containing 
an epitaph of Meroator the geographer, 
a monument to whom is to be seen at 
Burg PL 

DtJSSELDORP. 

POPULATION: 269,700. 
HOTELS: Park Hotel, high-class hi 
every respect, fine position opposite Park, 



PARK'HOTEL, DiisseldorL 

In every respect high-class and up to date. 

3444 SUITES WITH BATH. - - - AUTO-GARAGE. 

L. Paul Weidlich, Manager. By appointment to Royal Court. 



suites with bath and lavatory, ~ large 
new restanrant terrace, hall, American 
bar, patronised by American families; 
Bojal* opposite station, new manage- 
ment; B$misetaer Kaiser » lit olass; 
Breideabaeher Hof: 

BE8TAUBANTS: ThOrnagel; L5we) 
BSmiseher Kaiser^ beer and wine. 

CAFES: Arabisehesy 44 Qraf Adolph 
St. ; Wiener, 80 KOnigs PL 

GABSs Drive in town, 2 pers. 00 pf., 
eyery addU pers. 25 pf.; by the Vi hr*» 
2 pers. 75 pf., every addl pers, 25 pf. 

TBAHWATSt Besides those In the 
*^ws, there is tramway connection be- 
)en DBsseldorf and Grefeld. 
J. S. CONS.: Peter Lieber, Esq. 
mOLISH GHUBCH: BergerSt. - 
. Oh. J. Ferguson, D. 0., 102 Dais- 
Ser St, San. 8.0^ 11.15 a. m. H. a 
. 8.0 a. m. 8^ Sun. Q. Fest. and 
Jan. noon. 

.?08T OFFICB: Kasernen St (Oorner 
' Harold St). 

TBLIOB. OFFICB: 29 Konigs AUee. 
T fl B A T B E t Stadt - Theater (Opera, 
rama and Farce); Neaes Sehaaspielhaas 



235 



(comedy and tragedy); Apollo • Theater 
(Variety), l«t class. 

PEBMANENTABT EXHIBITION: 
Ednard Sebnlte, 42 Alice St, a very 
famous Art Gallery (see also Berlin s 
Oologne). 

DOSSELDORF is an important 
town situated on the right bank 
of the Rhine and possessing a con- 
siderable number of large industrial 
concerns. But it is principally cele- 
brated for its School of Art, and 
disputes with Cassel the third place 
among the art centres of Germany. 
The Picture Gallery was founded 
by the Elector John William at 
the opening of the 18th century; 
while the Academy was established 
by Charles Theodore in 1767. This 
latter association possesses a fine 
Renaissance building near the Rhine 
Bridge and facing the Hofgarten; 



it contains a large number of 
school - rooms, studios &c. Among 
its treasures are some casts and a 
considerable number of paintings, 
drawings and copper-plates: the great 
Hall is decorated with a fine series 
of frescoes by Peter Jansseu, the 
president. In Men Lagerhaus, close 
by, there is a Historical Museum 
with collections of Roman and 
Prankish antiquities. The bridge 
beyond it, with its two enormous 
arches and gigantic lion , is also 
worth seeing. Passing southwards, 
along the bank of the Rhine, a few 
paces bring us to the Church of 
St, Albert with a tower partly Ro- 
manesque, partly Gothic. The latter 
style is also that of the main building, 
which was erected towards the close 
of the 14th cent., and contains marble 
tombs of Dukes William V. and John 
William III. of Cleves &c. 

A short distance further, across 
Burg PI., we reach the Old Rat- 
haus, a 16th century building. The 
Markt PU is decorated with a 
pewter statue of the Elector John 
William, cast by Gruppello in 1711. 
Through Muhlen St eastwards 
rises the 

Church of St, Andrew, a building 
erected in 1629 and containing an 
altar - piece by Deger and some 
interesting tombs. Beyond it, at 
Friedrich's PI., is situated the 

Kunsthalle, containing the per- 
manent exhibition and the town col- 
lection of paintings of the modern 
Diisseldorf School. The most strik- 
ing pictures are those by the two 
Achenbachs, Cornelius, Camphausen, 
Lenbach, Janssen &c. In front of 
the building, there is a bronze statue 
of Bismarck by Bauer and Rdttger. 
Opposite the Kunsthalle are statues 
of the Emperor William I. and 
Count Molike, Close by is the 
Museum of Industrial Art with col- 
lections of textile fabrics, laces, em- 
broidery, porcelain, wood-carvings &c.: 
there are also rooms representing 



n 



various countries and epochs, and 
collections of Japanese and Hindoo 
productions. 

Across Allee St stands the Theatre, 
and behind it, in Hof Garten, a 
monument to the Franco - Prussian 
War, which is among the best of 
its kind. Southwards from here is 
a monument to the celebrated artist 
Cornelius: it is a bronze group 
by Donndorf with allegorical figures 
of poetry, religion &c. 

Cornelius is the greatest painter 
Diisseldorf has produced; he was born 
in 1783 at 15 Kurze St Perhaps 
the other most celebrated native of 
the town is Heinrich Heine, bom 
at 53 Bolker St. in 1799. 

General -Office« of the Hamburg- 
American Line:— 10 Withelms PJatz 
(Telegr. Reisebureau), Dflsseldorf. 

MtliHEIM (POP. I 50,000. — HOT.: 
BrSsseler Hof) is a busy industrial town, 
situated almost opposite Cologne, its 
chief maniTActures being linen, silk, 
telegraph t fires, chemicals &c. The 
place possfises a fine Gothic Churoh 
and a notefi weaving- schooL 

DEUTZ 

is an ancient place, formerly fortified, 
and containing a magnificent new 
church in Romanesque style.. 

Some few years since, the town 
was incorporated with Cologne. 
Like r4her suburbs of the city, it 
possesses a considerable number of 
machine factories and similar con- 
cerns, which render it interesting to 
the teUmical world. 

THE RHINE. 

This beautiful and wonderful river, 
parent of much contention an' 
many songs, has its source ir 
Gothard: thence it flows through j 
Constance and between the S* 
mountains, becomes the boundarj 
tween Baden and Switzerland a 
as Bale, and, from this point, 
it enters Dutch territory, is 
entirely German. Its finest -^ 



HfiP 



COLOGNE 



BOURGEOIS & CO. 

3 DOMKLOSTER. 



. - - OPPOSITE - ■ . 
- THE CATHEDRAL - 



1 



HIGH-CUSS OBJECTS OF ART, 
CURIOSITIES, OLD PICTURES. 




lie between Mayence and Cologne: 
this part of it is traversed by the 
steamers of the "Rhein Dampfschiff- 
fahrt Gesellschaft", The trip is most 
commonly taken on the return journey 
from Switzerland in order to save 
time; but those who travel upstream 
have, perhaps, a better opportunity 
of enjoying the varied and romantic 
scenery which comes into view at 
every turn in the river. In the 
guide, the upstream route has been 
foUowedi since so many Americans 
arriving at Hamburg travel, lirst to 
Berlin and thence via Magdeburg, the 
Harz Mts. and Hanover to Cologne. 
From here, the steamer may be taken 
to Mayence, the journey being broken 
at any of the various stopping- places. 
The guide will, however, be found 



just as useful for those who prefer 
to do Switzerland first and the 
Rhine afterwards; as, the order of 
the towns being merely reversed, 
one has only to turn to the end 
of the section, "The Rhine", and 
then work backwards. 

COLOGNE. 

P0PUL4TI0N: 425,944 (see also below). 

HOTELS: New Dom Hotel, American 
style; da Nordy l^tclass, facing Rhine, 
large garden with terrace, in eammer 
concerts every evening, English Chapel, 
only hotel with post and telegraph; 
Dlseh, iBt class; Monopoly new, !■< class, 
close to cathedral and station, excellent 
French cuisine; Savoy Hotel (late Hotel 
Grosser KnrfOrst), lat class, in immediate 
vicinity of central station, with ma^pi- 
ficent view of Cathedral, — the build- 
ing is well appointed, and contains 
splendid dining-rooms; Kolner Hofy 



1 







COLOGNE. — 1 


Mm 

1346 


r BOi: HOTEL. 

!00 ROOMS. AMERICAN STYT.E. 



the leading house opposite the main 
entrance to railway station, a fine new 
edifice with extensive terrace affording 
excellent prospect of the Cathedral; 
Ernst* iBicl.; Minerra, adjoining Central 
Station and near Bbine pier, excellent 
wine and cuisine, modem comfort, 
reasonable terms; Westminster Hotel; 
Hanbarger Bof. 

WINE BESTAUBANTS: K51ner Hof, op- 
posite central railway station; Honopol 
noUf excellent French cuisine and fine 
wines of own brand as well as from 
leading firms; Hotel Continental, ex- 
cellent Bestanrant; <*Zam Treppetaen'% 
l«t class, 38—44 Am Hof ; Ewige Lampe* 
Komddien St.; Altdeatsehe Weinkneipe* 
14 Am Hof. 

B0DE6A: Continental, 164 Hobe St. 

BESB BESTAUBANTS: Cafe-Best. 
Fliehery 22 Passage, Botande, celebrated 
and agreeable old house, with lit class 
cellar and Drquell Pilsen beer on draught, 
excellent cuisme, grill-room; LonenbrSn, 
90 Hohe St; P8ehorrbrSa,4/6 BurgbOfohen; 
<<Bier-Stair% Komodien St.; Stapelhans, 
Trankgassen Thor. 

CAFES s MOBopol is a very fine place 



238 



supplied with all American newspapers; 
Palanty 117—119 Hohe St.; Bauer » 96 
Holie St. 

CABS: Drive within town walls, in- 
cluding Deutz, 75 pf. to 1.60 mk.; by 
time, V2 hour 1 mk. to l.BO mk.; every 
extra V4 hr. 60 pf. to 76 pf. Taxameters 
and motor* cabs recommended. (Bridge- 
toll 76 pf.) 

BANK: A. Sehaaffhaiisen'seher Bauk- 
veieiny 4 Unter Sacbsenhausen. — Jhia 
bank, established in 1848 and now work- 
ing in conjunction with tbe Dresdner 
Bank, has a capital of 145,000.000 m^s. 
and a reserve fund of 84 000.000 mkn, — 
Office hours: 9 — 12 a. m. and 8- 5 p. m. 

U. S. CONS.: Hiram J. Danlap, Es^ 

BATH: Hohenstanfenbady 62 Hoh< 
Staufenring (Neustadt). 

ENGL.CI1UBCH: 3 Bischofsgarten . 
(Hotel du Nord); Bev. H. C. Downm< 
Hdt. du Nord ; Sun. 8.30 a. m., 11.0 a. ' 
and 6.0 p. m. H. 0. 8.80: 1»* Sun., no 

POST OFF.: An den Dominikanen 

AMUSEMENTS: Altes ft Nenes Sta 
Theater (Opera and Drama), the' lat 
inaugurated in 1902, open from 
81>t of August till May or Juno^ 



f 



perfoTmanees beginning mostly at 7 
p. m^ and the troop consisting of first 
class artists; Besidens Theater, Bis- 
marck St., plays French dramas, farces 
and operettas. 

YABLETIBS: Beiebshalleay Qertrand- 
ten St.; Apollo, Sohilder Gasse; Seals, 
Hersog St. 

Css^an's Paaoptiemii (wax-works &o.), 
Hohe St 

SavmeT Concerts: Zoologleal Garden; 
Flora} Tolksgarten and Stadtgsrten. 

Winter Concerts: GiirKenich, onder 
the direction of the Municipal Ooncert 
Assooiation. 



ABTIKTIC OBJECTS: Bonrgeols M Co., 
8 Domkloster, facing Cathedral, are re- 
commended for curiosities, old pic- 
tures &o. 

PEBHANENT ABT GALLEBT: Bdnard 
Selinlte, 16 Bichard St., a very famous) 
Airt Gallery (bee also Berlin and Dassel- 
dorf). 

CHOCOLATE, COCOA fte.: Oebr. StoU- 
werek's celebrated works are in Cologce, 



their retail depdts being 12 BrUcken St. 
and lfi6 Hohe St. 

STEEL GOOUS: J. A. Henekels, of tha 
famous "Twin Works*' Solingen, bss a 
large depdt at lU Hohe St The firm 
is known throughout tha world for its 
excellent manufactures. 

The celebrated old city of COLOGNE 
is one of the most important com- 
mercial centres of Germany, and, 
with its suburbs Nippes, Ehrenfeld, 
Lindenthal and Bayenthal, has a 
pop. of about 450,000. As its naiae 
indicates, it was an old Roman settle- 
ment, and its ancient character is 
preserved in its numerous crooked 
streets and narrow alleys; though the 
modern part of the town (Neustadt) 
with its magnifltent buildings will 
bear comparison with the most beau- 
tiful cities of Europe. Nevertheless, 
it is no easy matter for the stranger 



3437 



~ COLOGNE. — 



HOTEL DU NORD. 

First-class house patronised by royalty. 



to find his way about Cologne, and, 
consequently, we would recommend 
the following route as enabling 
the sight-seer to do as much as 
possible with the smallest expendi- 
ture of time. 

Starting from the Central Station, 
the Cathedral comes first, thence 
across Domhof and westwards 
through Unter Goldschmidt past 
the Moltke Monument, Here, we 
turn to the left, and, in a few paces, 
reach the porch of the Rathaus; 
thence, to the left, through Burger St, 
to Alien Markt, where the back 
of the Rathaus and the monument 
to Jan van Werth may be viewed. 
Through Unter Kdsten to Heu- 
markt (monument to Frederick 
William III.), through Bolzen Gasse 



to GUrzeffich. From here, past the 
Colosseum to Casino PI. {Bismarck 
Monument), If time permit, a visit 
should be paid to the Church of 
Maria im Capitol, close by. From 
Bismarck Monument, along Hohe St, 
as far as Wallrafs PI., where 
the Wallraf-RichartZ' Museum is 
situated. Thence through Rohren 
Gasse to the Palace of Justice, and 
across Katenhug to Unter^Sachsen- 
hausen (Palais Oppenheim, A. Schaaff- 
hausen*scher Bankverein, the New 
Imperial Bank and the General 
Post Office). 

In the centre of :he city almost 
the only means of ^'xiimunication 
is the cab, the streets scarcely per- 
mitting the passage of other vehicles; 
but the Ring Tramway is very useful 



in visiting the splendid buildings of 
the *Neustadt*; and those who have 
time should make the whole Journey 
round the town in this way. Horse- 
cars also run to the various suburbs, 
and alongside the Rhine to the Zoolo- 
gical Gardens and Flora Garden. 
One of the cars runs to Nippes and 
the City 'VolksgarUn'. 

The Cathedral is considered to be 
the crown of Gothic architecture:— 
its grand proportions, innumerable 
turrets, and delicate tracery produce 
an effect upon the beholder at 
once imposing and overawing. The 
building was begun in 1248, on 
the spot where its predecessor had 
stood. Master Gerard is the man 
whose spirit breathes through the 
design^ though the actual build- 
ing, hindered by disputes between 



the Archbishops and the dty, 
progressed but slowly under him 
and his son John. Continued with 
ardour through just two centuriest 
the work then began to slacken. 
Indeed by the end of the 18 th cent 
the ediUce was falling to ruin and 
was used by the French as a 
bam. But Frederick William . IIL 
of Prussia Issued an order for its 
restoration, and the work of com- 
pletion was carried on apace; 
so that, by 1880, the perfected 
edifice was solemnly opened in the 
presence of the Emperor William L 
and the other assembled German 
princes. 

The building is cruciform, with a 
nave and double aisles. Its finest 
parts are the main porch (100 feet 
high)- and the western fa9ade, 



coLosNE. SAV07 HOTEL 

3442 (late HOTEL GROSSER EmtFURST). 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE WITH MAGNIFICENT VIEW OF THE CATHEDRAL 
tasa SPLENDID RESTAURANT RENOWNED FOR ITS CUISINE AND CELLAR. ««» 



rising, lofty and clear, in lines that 
renew themselves to the very top- 
most turrets: — the poKh of the 
tower, decorated with sculpturing 
of the 15 th cent., is also very 
beautiful. The choir is surrounded 
with seven chapels and is the oldest 
part of the building. 

The interior is majestic in its 
simplicity, the eye almost losing 
itself in the endeavour to follow 
the lofty pillars that branch away 
into the vaulting of the roof above. 
But the severity of the stone -work 
is modified by the rich colouring 
of the stained - glass. The finest 
windows are those of the N. aisle 
which date back to the beginning 
of the 16 th cent. The choir and 
treasury, for which tickets must be 
obtained (1.60 mk.), are very inter- 
esting. In the former will be found 



240 



some excellent wood -carving of the 
15th century, some beautiful old 
stained-glass, and a number of statues 
and frescoes ; while the treasury 
possesses two valuable old reli- 
quaries, one of gold and one of 
silver, and respectively of Ro- 
manesque (1200) and of Renaissance 
workmanship: other treasures are 
a Romanesque cross, a sword of 
justice &c. 

The Drei Konigen Kapelle is 
said to be the resting-place of the 
three Kings (?) who came to worF**'" 
the child Jesus, their remains 1 
ing been brought hither from \ 
by Kaiser Frederick I. Beneat 
slate lies the heart of Maria 
Medicis: St. Michael's Kapelle 
tains the so-called Domhild, 
finest painting of the old Cole 
school and mentioned by ^ 



in his diary: the other Chapels con- 
tain similar works of art, which should 
be examined if time permit. 

The statue of Count Moltke on 
Laurenz PI. is by Schaper. 

The Raihaus is an interesting build- 
ing begun in the Mth cent., but with 
extensive additions made at later pe- 
riods. It contains a beautiful Renais- 
sance hall and a fine Hansa Saal with 
many ancient portraits and some ex- 
cellent black oak, brought to light a 
few years since during some resto- 
rations. At the back of the building 
is a fountain with a statue of Jan 
van Werth, the general who played 
an important part in the Thirty Year's 
War, and whose unrequited love for 
a damsel of Cologne is represented in 
the reliefs. 

The colossal statue of Frederick 
William III. of Prussia was erected in 



1878: it is surrounded with repre- 
sentations of Prussian statesmen, 
soldiers etc. such as Hardenberg, 
Blizcher, York, Beuth, Gneisenau, the 
Humboldts and many others. 

The Gurzenich is a 15th cent, build- 
ing erected at enormous expense by 
the town council to ferve as a ball- 
room and for the giving of grand 
municipal festivities. The exterior is 
unimportant; but the interior contains 
some beautiful stained-glass and, pos- 
sessing excellent acoustic properties, is 
now used principally as a concert-room. 

The bronze statue of Bismarck at 
Augustiner PI. was erected in 1879 
from Schaper's designs. 

The Ch. of St, Maria im Capitol is 
a cruciform Romanesque basilica, and, 
next to the cathedral, the finest ecclesi- 
astical building in the city. • It dates 
from the early half of the llt^h cent., 



££k2£^ MONOPOL HOTEL 



3902 



QUITE CLOSE TO STATION AND THE DOM. 
NEW FIRST-CLASS HOUSE, RENOWNED FOR ITS FRENCH CUISINE. 



and contains some beautiful stained- 
glass and a magnificent crypt. 

The City Museum, erected some 45 
yearssince, at a cost of 17 5, 000 dollars, 
is called also the Walraf Richartz Mu- 
seum, Herr Walraf having bequeathed 
the nucleus of the collections, and 
Herr Richartz having provided the 
means for the building of the edifice. 

From March to October, the place 
is open on weekdays from 9-4 o'clock, 
Sun. and FesL 9-1 and 3-5; from 
Nov. till Febr. on weekdays from 10-3, 
Sun. and Fest. 10-1 and 3-4. The 
ground-floor contains collections of 
antiquities, both Roman and mediaeval. 
The stair-case is decorated with fres- 
coes by Steinle illustrating the history 
of art. and civilisation. The upper 
storey contains the picture gallery, 
which is divided into the Italian school 
(also containing the recently acquired 
Murillo), the old Cologne school (very 



extensive), the Dutch and Flemish 
schools (Rubens, Jan Steen, Jordaens, 
Cuyp&c.)and the modern school (most' 
ly German artists, e, g, A. v. Werner, 
Lenbach, Leasing, Achenbach &c.). 
The Palace of Justice, at Apellhof 
PI., is a fine modern building with a 
handsome front. Close by are the 
Armory, the Government Offices and 
the Romer Thurm ; while the street 
opposite the N. fa9ade of the Law 
Courts, and called Katenbug, leads to 
LJnter Sachsenhausen, where we turn 
to the right, and, in a few paces, reach 
the Imperial Bank, a new sand-stone 
building in early-Gothic style and op- 
posite which is the General Post Of- 
fice, a magnificent structure likewise 
in early-Gothic and containing statues 
of Stephan, the late postmaster-general, 
and of Freiherr von Thurn the father 
of the German Post. Opposite the 
Imperial Bank are the offices of the 



210a 



L 



The 



844S 



Xolner 3£of* 



ELECTRIC LIGHT. 



STEAM HEATING. 



HYDRAULIC LIFT. 
BATH BOOM on eacb Floor. 

Only first-class hotel, opposite Central Station. Splendid new Building. Every 
moaem comfort Rooms, including Light, Heating, and attendance, Mk. 2.50 upwards. 

EXCELLENT RESTAURANT 

TERRACE WITH VIEW OF CATHEDRAL. 

II. AUEB, Hanaffer. 



A, Schaajfhausen'scher Bank-Verein 
(see*banks', above). Close by is Palais 
Oppenheim; while among other im- 
portant and interesting buildings, the 
following should, if time allow, be 
visited, namely, St. Martin's le Grand, 
between Alten Markt and the Rhine, 
the Tempelhaus, a beautiful Roman- 
esque building at 8 Rhein Gasse, St 
Andreaskirche, near the Post Office, 
the Jesuitenkirche, in Marzellen St., 
StGereon's Church, at the northern end 
of Gereon St., with the City Library 
hard by, and St.Severin's Church, near 
the end of the fine street of the same 
name. This street is closed by a beau- 
tiful gate-way, a remnant of the me- 
diaeval fortifications. From here, passing 
through the Karthauserwall, we come 
to the Ulrepforte, an old round-tower, 
beyond which a portion of the ancient 
city wall still stands. Close by is the 
Ulredenkmal, a 14 th century relief 



commemorating the victory of the 
municipal party over the soldiers of 
Archbishop Engelbert. 

From here, passing along the Ring 
to the western part of the town, we 
come to the Hahnenthor, the third 
of the old gate- ways. 

Still further round the Ring is a 
monumental fountain to the Emperor 
William I., and, seme distance beyond 
it, \hQ Museum of Industrial Art, an 
edifice containing bronzes, glasses, 
book-bindings &c. from the 12th cent 
downwards. Near the eastern end of 
the Ring is Eigelsteinihor ; while east- 
ward of Hahnenthor, mentioned above, 
and almost in the very centre of the 
city, lies the Neumarkt. Here, at the 
corner of Richmod St., is the house 
of Richmodis von Aducht, who, being 
informed that his wife had awaked from 
a trance, replied that he would sooner 
believe his horses had climbed to the 



COLOGNE 



.IfTO 



HOTEL 
MINERVA. 



BEAUTIFUL NEW MODERN HOTEL 
(OPENED APRIL, 1902). 

--Adjoining Central Station -- 
(left hand exit), and nearest to 
landing Pier of^ Rhine Steamers. 

.-. EXQUISITE WINES AND CUISINE. /. 

- - - MODERATE CHARGES. - - - 

UFT. STEAM-HEATING. 

-TARIFF IN EVERY ROOM.- 

Matiager: J. ZEUZEM. 

Telegrams: "MINERVA, COLOGNE". 



General Offllcee of the Hamburg- 1 Arsenic Spa LevicO ' Vetrioio 
American Line: 2 Domklteter. | (South TyroiJ: MV* ^ee caver. 

240b 






garret than that his wife had returned 
from the dead. Immediately the words 
were uttered, the two steeds galloped 
up the stair- way, and thrust their 
heads through the windows of the 
loft, where a pair of horses heads 
still perpetuate the legend. 

In the Deutscher Ring a handsome 
monument to the late much -beloved 
Emperor Frederick IIL was unveiled 
on the ist ©f October 1903. 

Another very fine statue was also 
erected in the same year in Kaiser 
Wilhelm Ring, being a monument to the 
Empress Augusta, consort of William I. 
Close to the S. Ufer St. there is a 
grand Bismarck Turm, which is 
worth seeing. 

Cologne is connected with a recently 
incorporated suburb across the Rhine 
called Deutz by two bridges, one of 
them beingaa span-bridge, the other 
a bridge of boats.. 

1^4: From COLOGNE to NEUSS, 
CREFELD, CLEVES and ZEVENAAR. 

BTEUSS (POP.: 30,000. — HOTELS: 
Bheiiilseher Uof$ Lanrenbeekmaon). This 
is an induatrial town whose history 
dates bnok to Roman times. It contains 
several interesting baildings, the most 
important of which are:- 

The Church of St. Qnlrlavs, one of 
the finest examples of the Transitional 
style. The e<iifice, which was com- 
menced early in the 13t>a cent, consists 
of a nav« and two aisles with towers 
and transept. The crypt is extensive 
and is considerably older than the rest 
of the strnctnre. 

The Bathaas, in its present form, 
was erected at the~ close of the 18th 
centnry, and contains some noteworthy 
pictures by Janssen. 

Finalljr, a collection of Romnn anti- 
quities will be found in the Oberthor, 
an enormous t4tb century gate -way in 
the south of the town. 

CREPELD. 

POPULATION: '^2.000. 
HOTELS : Heirs ; Crefelder Hof; Bells. 
ijt^ U. 8. CONS.: Thomas B. Wallace, Bsq. 
^ OBBFELD is engaged principally in 
g^ silk-weaving&o.: it is, indeed, the centre 
^ of the German silk and veWet industries, 
and, with its suborbst has 107,000 looms 
at work. One third of the products is 
exported to England and America. 



The most interesting baildings are:— 
the Boyal School of WeaTlag, with an 
excellent collection of textile fabrics; 
the Bathausy containing some admirable 
frescoes; and the new Kaiser Wllhein 
Heseaoiy a Benaissance building open on 
Sun. and Wed. afternoon free, — on 
other days from 10->1 and 2—6 o'clock 
(50 pf.). The museum contains specimens 
of Rhenish wood •carving, fiimiture, 
porcelain &e., pictures and sculptures. 

On the eastern wall is a bronse 
statue of Holtke. a bust of Carl Wilhelm 
(the composer of "The Rhine Watch*'), 
and others. 

The place is oonneoted with DOssel- 
dorf by eleotrio tramway. 

CLEVES. 
POPULATION: ia,ooa 

HOTEL: Bade Hotel. 

POST OFFICE: Haagschen St. 

KUBTAXE: For a stay of more than 
a week, 6 mka 

CLE VES,a favourite bath of the Dutch, 
is situated on a charming wooded ele- 
vation close to the Bhine. Its springa 
are chalybeate and very efficacious in 
the treatment of nervous complaints. 

The town was once the capital 
of a duchy of the same name, and 
still contains the old Ducal Casilc 
commonly called the Schwanenhurg, 
interesting to Englishmen as being 
the palace in which Anne, daughter 
of the Duke of Cleves and wife of 
Henry VIII., was born. The building 
has now been converted into law- 
courts and prison. The arcade of the 
court*yard contains an old Romaa 
altar; while, from the terrace and 
the Schwanenthurm (1439), extensive 
views of the lower Rhine are obtained. 

The Siiftshirche (Cathedral) is a 
magnificent brick -building in Gothic 
style, erected in the H^h cent, and 
containing some interesting tombs 
of the Counts and Dukes of Cleves. 
The only other building of interest is 
the Prinzenhof, built by Maurice of 
Orange-Siegcn in 1664. To the W. 
of ihe town lies the Tiergarten, a 
charming park, southwards of which, 
on Cleves Hill (1,000 feet), stands- 
a look-out tower affording a lovely 
view of the Rhine with the town of 
Wesel, Emmerich, Xanten &c. 

A branch line of rail runs to Zereasar 
and there joins the Nether land lUilway. 



241 



16 



K 



»S: Fri^m COLOGNE via DOREN 
tQ AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. 

DUREN. 

POPtLATlOX: 29,000. 

HUT ELS: Uqtniiier; Sebiller. 

Tbia towa contains inlportant fao- 
toriEB Aad miiJa, Dtlren baiDg,cel*^bratei 
for Lts carpets, cloth, paper and other 
pmilucita. 

The town Gontains no ancient bnild- 
IngB, but sevBrKt modern structures are 
worthy of nfltice, such as St. Anne's 
rbnrcli* ^t# Joachim's Chnreb, tbe Bat- 
hp^ast and tJi« mnnun ents to the Emp. 
WiJllnm I- 1 Blftmarek Ac. 

Uiir&B lies in a fertile spot on the 
banka of the Btihr, up the valley of which 
BLami^abiirmuig excursions may be under- 
taken. The Buest is by rail to Kreusaa 
(4V-j<nlle9)t lind thence on foot to Winden, 
Bur^bergT Nideggen, Heimbach &o. 

From DUreEip the main line mns on 
for a diBttmcie of 19 miles to 

AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. 

PO P U h A r I U N ; 144.500. 

UUf tsh»: Orsad Monarque; Naellen's 
K*liifrliclte Krone; Draffon d'Or; near 
Bhme stations Union; Nord; Kaiserhof. 

CABIi: In Aix and Borcette 1 pers. 
€0 pt; add'l persi. 20 pf. extra. 

U* §* COTi!^.: Pendleton King, Esq. 

KNGLp cmiUCH: St. Alban's, Convent 
St; Rev. A. IL Thorold Winckley, M. A. 
Hotel Nuellena. Sun, 8.0 (or 8.30) 110 
a* tn,: fi.O p. m, H. O. Sun., Holy Days 
mmi Sniffs' Days 8.0 a. m. (or 8.H0). 

PBKSBYTKK. SERVICE: Chapel of 
Asiid EvanjjeJiqne; Bev. P. W. Minto; 
Hay And Jnrti', 10.30 a. m., 6 p.m. 

POST OFUCK : 23 Jacob St. 

TKLKftK* OiFICE: 17 Kapuzinergrab. 

T U K ,i1 B U: : 8tad t-Theater. 

KUBTAXB: Annually 80 mks.. add'l 
per^^ lU itikn ; bi-monthly ticket 12 mks., 
^ pers. ^ mka^ 

A(X-LA-GHAPELLE (or German: 
Aaahen) lies in a lovely and fertile valley 
snrrouDded by wooded heit^hts. In 
forcner times and especially in the days 
of Ciiari^ma^np, it was one of the lead- 
ing' oitjes m Kurope. But its former 
impurtaT^ca is eow represented only by 
a luw striking buildings, among which 
the tin est ia tb^ 

Minster, standing in the centre of 
the cily. The body of the edifice is an 
octagon in Byzantine style surmounted 
by a cupola. The interior, which is 
borno upon eight enormous pillars, 
con^nins a fine mosaic and a gilded 
candolabra over 13 feet in diameter: 
beneath it is the grave of Charlemagne, 
mtirked wiih the words Carolo Magno. 



In the so-called Hungarian Chapel wMI 
be found the treasury, which is very 
rich in old pictures, statues, reliefs, 
precious stones &c. The choir is tight 
and airy, and contains some modem 
stained-glass and 16th cent, carving. 

The Rathau8 (1353—1370) is an 
interesting Gothic building close by the 
Minster: the stair-case and the Kaiser- 
saal, to which it leads, are very fine, the 
latter being decorated with a series of 
excellent modern frescoes: the Sessions 
Room is worth visiting for its 17 por- 
traits of emperors and popes, among 
them, one of the present Emperor by 
Anton von Werner. The two handsome 
towers which flank it were erected 
from designs by Prof.Frentzen in 1902 
to replace the 13^^ cent, structures 
destroyed by fire in 1883. 

The Knrhansy bnilt in 1782, contains a 
ball-room, concert- room &c^t the back is 
the Kursaal in Moresque style: it faces to- 
wards the Kurgarten; and in it weekly 
concerts take place. The Elisenbrnnnen 
is in a Doric hall at Wilbelm*s Pi. 

Other buildings of note are the Teeta- 
nieal High School, St. Peter's Church, 
8t« Albert's Chareta, the Synagogue and 
the Saermondt Maseam. The last con- 
tains the collection of pictures presented 
by the founder, from whom the gallery 
takes its name. As is natural, the bulk 
of the paintings belong to the Dutch and 
Klemish schools, but there are also spe- 
cimens of Constable, Kranach & Muriilo. 

A aiburb of Aix, named 

BORCETTE or Bartscheid (POP.: 
16,000,1, also possesses some thermal 
springs and a Kurhaus. It is largely 
engaged in the manufacture of cloth 
and needles. 

2,^1 The RHINE from COLOGNE to 
BONN, GODESBERG, K&NIGbWlNTER, 
HONNEF, ROLANDSECK & REMAGEN. 

BONN. 

POPULATION: 76.000. 

HOTELn: tirand Hot. Bojal, l>tol^oa 
finest situation on Bbine, renovat 
and refurnished 1906, extensive gard. 
patronised by royalty; Uambnrger H< 
dn Nord. 

ENGL. CH.: University Ch. Chapl.Be^ 
G. H. Weber, Aram, Rheinallee 6? 
Godesberg. Sun. 11.0. H.O. I«and8r4 
Sun., noon; Thars. and SS. 8.45. 

BEEB BESTAUBANT: cam Hahnehen, 
an interesting place .and a rendezvous 
of many stadents. 



^ 



242 



r 



BONN is a famous university city 
beautifully situated on the left bank of 
the Rhine, here spanned by a fine bridge 
erected in 1898. It contains several inter- 
esting buildings^ of which the following 
are the most important, namely:— 

The MinsUr, a magnificent structure 
standing almost in the centre of the 
city. The edifice is one of the finest spe* 
dmens of late -Romanesque architec- 
ture extant, and has, besides its four 
turrets, a tower over 300 ft. in height. 
The interior contains several interesting 
statues, reliefs and mosaics; while the 
crypt (1 1th cent) is also worth seeing. 
Close by stands the 

University, the former Electoral 
Palace. As a teaching university it is 
one of the most celebrated in Europe, 



and, among the many royal personages 
educated here, are the reigning Em- 
peror, the Prince of Sachsen -Weimar, 
the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, and 
the present German Crown Prince and 
other sons of the Emperor William II. 
Its library contains over 250,000 vols, 
and a large number of manuscripts. 
Behind the university lies the 

JELofgarteu, a fine square filled with 
a number of grand old trees. At its 
further end rises the 

Museum of Art (Akademisches 
Kunstmuseum), open free on Mon., 
Wed. & Fri., 2—4 p. m. The collec- 
tions consist of a large number of 
casts illustrating Egyptian, Assyrian 
and classical art, together with original 
tei'ra-cotta productions from Italy, 



- - - Lift. - - - 
Electric Ugbt 



BONN on Rhine. 

CENTRE FOR EXCURSIONS. 



Steam-heating 
throughout. 



Grand Hotel Royal. 

Winter 1005/6 entlreij renovated and newly Airnlelied. 

Best Hotel in the Town. Oyerlooking the River and Park. 

3434 F. ۥ Elsenmenirer, Manager. 



Asia Minor and Greece, and several 
Greek marbles, the heads of the great 
dramatists being considered the finest. 
Between the Hofgarten and the 
Rhine stands 

The Collegium Alhertinum, an 
archiepiscopal institute for Roman 
Catholic students of theology. 
Adjacent to the above is the 
Municipal Museum, entrance free 
Sun. and Wed. from 2 — 4 p. m. 
on other days on payment of 50 pf. 
pnally the residence of Professor 
irnier, by whom it was bequeathed 
the town, it contains a number of 
irks of art, the most striking pic- 
es being those by modern German 
'nters, such as the Achenbachs &c. 
lard by the museum stands 



Cohlenzer Thor, giving approach tc 
the so-called 

Alten Zoll, which affords a flne view 
of the Siebengehirge, and contains a 
bronze monument to Amdt, the poet of 
German liberty: Arndt's house will be 
found at 57 Fehr Gasse, between Coh- 
lenzer St. and the Rhine, and some dis- 
tance to the S. of the Coll. Alberiinun^. 

A little to the N. of the University lies 
Markt PI. with the Raihaus, an edifice 
erected in the IStiicent and embellished 
with some fine wrought-iron work. 

Following the tramway northwards, 
we oome to Bonn €laue» where, at 
number 20, BeethOTen was bom in the 
year 177a The little attic in whioh the 
great master first saw the light has been 
preserved nntonched. 

A statue of the oomposer embellishee 
Mttnster PI. 



243 



16* 



TbePrOTlnelal MvSfiaiii isinColmantSt. 
fiear tbi> railway etatioit. It possetses 
^xtenglva coBectionf^ ot antiquities, — 
T>rehifltoric, Homai], aud mediieval, -r- 
HUd 111 so A sma^l picture gallery. 

From the station, a €ae avenue leads 
n.p to Foppelsdorfer l^ieliloss, an 18^1^ cent. 
buiJdiDpf and once the residences of the 
Electors^ It contains the biological and 
other collections of the university; and 
the grounds have been converted into 
an excel lent iutanienl garden. 

GOIIi:.«iBE;ilG, — POP.: 9,800. — 
UO^ICL: Koyal, KurriirBten St., !•* class. 
— EKCJLISH illLi Rev. G. H. Weber (see 
Bonn}, Suu. 6 p, m., H. 0. 8.80. — KUB- 
II'AXK: Beyond 5 dftya, 6 mks.; family 
of 3 per 3. In mka. and every add*l member 
4 mkfl. Persons not making use of the 
^Kur'^ 2 mkar, family of 3 pers. 4 mks. 
and every adci'l member 1 mk. 

GODESBEHG, 00 us isting principally of 
elegant villas and mansions, delightfully 
situated at the entrance to the narrow 
valley oF the Ehine and at the foot of 
the fine hill irom which it taJies its name. 

The climate being exceedingly mild 
and ec|uab]e, Godesberg is primarily a 
olimatio health -reBort; but it posses- 
sea an exeellqnt chalybeate spring, whose 
waters are very useful in the treatment 
of nervuus complaii^ita, disturbances of 
the digestive organs^ aniemia, gout, &c. 

Above the town liangs the ruined 
Castle of Godesberg; while, across the 
Khiae, rises tlio bsantiful range of 
mountain A cm lied SiEyb«ngebirge« 

EXCIBSIONS; To Wendelstadt Hobe; 
to the ruins of(jod<>Ahers Castle^ situated 
i>n a rock of basaZt -^0 feet in height. 

KdNIG>*^WlXTl H. — (POP.: 4,000. 
- IIOTUL^: (3 rand Hotel Mattem; Ber- 
Jlner Uuf ; Hotel on the Petersberg), is 
a nice little town much frequented as 
& Bummor- resort on account ot its pretty 
promenade-i aloni? iJie Bhine and the 
opportunity it affords of visiting the 
Siebengebirge. Tbe nearest and . most 
celebrated ^jc^ak of tt^e chain is the 

UEACHENPELS, wbicli, though not 
more than J^UiO feet high, is a great 
favDuritd on account of its beautiful 
situation. The ascent ia best made by 
the cog^-wheel railway (10 or 12 min.). 
The climb oa foot takes 8/4 of an hour; 
while, by vehicle^ a full hour is necessary. 
I'be summit of th^ hill is crowned with 
a tower and the rains of an ancient 
Car tie bnilt during; fna l2tl» cent. 

HOXiVEF(Pi>P.:5,e00. — HOT.:Webel) 
jBsituAted near Konlf^s winter in a charm* 
ing vallt^y, snrronnded by the Drachen- 
fels* the IVolk&nbar^ Rjad the tree-clad 
Itdwenburir. Itu oiimate is the mildest 
on the Hhiue; and Ha spring adapts 
it lor the suffering aad convalescent. 
600 ft. above the town, stands the well- 
known resort of 

HOUESr-HOKStEFt which is de- 



voted to the treatment of palmoQary 
consumption &o. 

Opposite Honnef lie two inlands in 
the Rhine: that to the left 19 Crrafen- 
wertb, that to the right is Noun en wart h, 
Od this latter island, surrounded by a 
thick cojpse, stands the nunnery con- 
nected with the legend of EoUnd men- 
tioned below. It is a mau^^- windowed 
building dating back at least && tar aa 
the I2th cent.; although the main parts of 
the present edifice are only about IQO 
years old. Both the nunnery and tb e cas tie 
have been immortalised by Schillef m 
his Ballad of the Knight of TogfjsnburR:. 

KOIiANDSECK (HOTELS- BoUnd 8- 
eek-Groyen; Bellevne; Victoria) is one 
of the most celebrated spots on the Rhine. 
It is a small place consisting principally 
of well-kept villas and gardens, oirer- 
looked, from a height of 350 tt., by the 
ruins of an old castle crowning the 
basaltic rocks at whose foot the village 
lies and associated with Charlem ague's 
paladin, Boland, tradition stating him^ 
to have erected it within sight o t Nonnen- 
werth nunnery, whither his betrothed, 
believing him to be dead, had fled. 

REMAGEN (POP. :. 3,600. - HOTEL: 
Ftirstenberg) is an interesting little tuwn, 
whose ancient buildings stiU attest the 
importance it possessed in the middle* 
ages. The most important are:— 

The Catholic Chorch, at the further 
end of the town; the Bomer Tlior; the 
new Evangelical Church, a building in 
Gothic style, at the other end of tha to wu. 

Southwards of the town, a roadway 
to the left leads down to the celebrated 
Apollinarlskirche, a pretty little Gothic 
structure with four turrets; the crypt 
contains the head of St. Apolilniirli in 
a 14th cent, sarcophagus, and is a iauaous 
place ot pilgrimage. 

Bemagen is an excellent centre for 
visiting the Ahrthal, one of the moat 
beautiful valleys along the Rhine, 

For description of this valley »eo 
route 26 A below: for contlnnatloD of 
Bhine tour, route 27. 

SS6A: From REMAGEN up the AHR 

VALLEY to NEUENAHR, AHRWOLER, 

WALPORZHEIM and ALTENAHR. 

BAD NEUENAHR 

BOTEL8: Karhans, a magui^ 
structure, rebuilt in 1899 and aproii 
with all modem comfort; Bonn's 
2Qr Krone; Flora; Karl Schroder. 

CAFES: Bellevne; Johannlsberg. 

CABS: From station to town 60 p 
1 person and 30 pf. for every person eas 

POST OFFICE : near Kurhaus. 

KUBTAXE: 20 mks. per person, \ 
8 mks. for expenses; for 2 pers. of 
family 30 mks.; for every add'l unmar 
son or daughter 6 mks. 



244 



Apollinaris 

''THE QUEEN OF TABLE WATERS^ 

BOTTLED only with its OWN PTURAL GAS, 

And only at the APOLLINARIS SPRING, 
Neuenahr, Germany. 

ROYAL PRUSSIAN STATE MEDAL. 1902. 
GOLD MEDAL, OOSSELDORF EXHIBITION, 1902. 

GRAND PRIX 
ST. LOUIS 1904. 



DYSPEPTIC, CONSTIPATED, 



O 

CO <3 

D 
O 

5 
CQ 

B m ^^ o 



FILLED AT THE SPRINGS, BUDAPEST, HUNGARY. 

To be obtained from all Chemists and Mineral Water Dealer? 

246 




r 



BAD NEUENAHR, though probably 
known to the ancients, did not come 
into vogue as a modern health-resort 
until after 1867. Since that date, its 
charming situation in one of the 
loveliest lateral valleys of the Rhine, 
its excellent thermal spring and the 
care which has been bestowed by the 
Baths Committee on the arrange- 
ments of the place have caused it to 
rise rapidly in popularity. 

The great attraction of the spa 
lies in its wonderful springs, of which 
the 'Grosse Sprudel' is thermal. Its 
waters, though similar to those of 
Carlsbad and other warm spas, are 
considerably milder in character and 
consequently much easier of assi- 
milation. 

Their effect upon the system is 
cleansing and stimulating, both as 
baths and as beverages. The prin- 
cipal complaints treated are:— catarrh 
of the respiratory organs, tubercu- 
losis, pleurisy, catarrh of the digestive 
organs and bladder, stone, inflamma- 
tion of the kidneys, diabetes, gout, 
Theumatism &c. 

Besides the waters, all kinds of 
baths are to be had at Neuennhr, 
together with inhalation, massage, 
Sv/edish gymnastics &c. 

Moreover, here is situated the 
Spring where the world - famous 
APOLLINARIS WATER is bottled. 
It is sent down the Rhine to Antwerp, 
Rotterdam, London, America, and, in 
fact, to all parts of the world. 

The Spring was discovered in 
1851; and the quantities of bottles 
sold, which were: — 8,000,000 in 
1880, 18,000,000 in 1890, now 
exceed 30,000,000 bottles. 

Some short distance further up the 
alley lies 

AHRWEILER (HOTELS:. 8terii$ 
•rei Eroaen. — POP.: 4,700), an inter- 
esting old town which, though burnt 
down by the French during the 
troubles of the 1 7th cent., has retained 
its ancient walls and gates. It is the 
principal market ^for Red Ahr Wines, 



WALPOBZHHM ties 3 miles beyond 
Neuenahr, in the middle of the Ahr 
Valley just where it begins to narrow 
into a ravine. The place is celebrated 
for its excellent wines, the restaurant 
of S/. Peter being one of the best 
houses at which to obtain samples. 
The excursions in the neighbourhood 
are very beautiful: one of the most 
charming is to the "Bunten Kuh" 
where a beetling crag 200 ft. in height 
affords a good view. From Walporz- 
heim onwards, past Demau, with the 
ruins of Schaffenburg , the valley 
grows narrower and narrower till 

we reach 

▲ liTEBTAHB (HOTBLS: Caipaxll 

Bbeialaeher Hoi), a charming hamlet 
and pejhaps the pearl of the whole 
valley. Its finest points of view are 
Henlei and the bridge across the 
river. Above the town are the ruins 
of Altenahr Castle, perched upon a high 
and rugged crag. The spot affords 
a good view; but those obtained . 
from Weissen Kreuz and from 
Schwarzen Kreuz, respectively north- 
wards and southwards of the castle, 
are still finer. 

ft7i The Rhine, from REMAGEN t« 

LINZ, RHEINBROHL and ANDERNACH 

and thence through the Eifel to 

GEROLSTEIN. 

liINZ (POP.: 4,000. — HOT.: Welm- 

stoek), is an ancient town still pos- 
sessing remnants of its old walla 
and towers. 

Si. Martin's CK erected at the 
beginning of the 13th cent., is an 
interesting building mainly in Roman- 
esque style and containing some 
beautiful stained-glass, frescoes, mo- 
numents and altar-piece (1463). 

RHEINBROHIi (POP. I 2,000) is a 
very old place possessing a pretty 
Gothic Ch., and situated on the right 
bank of the river in one angle of a 
three-cornered plain. Across the stream 
is seen the little hamlet of BROHL, 
at the entrance to the valley of the 
same name. To the right of it rises 



247 



Sckloss Rheineck, erected in 1832 on 
the ruins of an ancient Castle. 

Some short distance from Bheinbroh], 
and at the apex of the plain, lies Bad 
Arienheller, in a sheltered spot between 
beech-clad hills. The little spa possesses 
excellent springs, a bath-honse and a 
fine hotel. 

ANUERBTACH (POP.: 8,400. — HOT.: 
Bhelniseher Hof ) is u qaaint old town 
picturesquely situated on the left bank 
of the Rhine. 

The finest of its buildings is the 
Pfarrkirclie, a Bomanesque edifice (12tb 
cent.), possessing an interesting choir, 
which is somewhat older than the main 
body of the bailding. The church has 
four fine towers, of which the oldest 
18 the Clock Tower* 

The Bathans is a 16^1^ century structure 
in late - (iothio style and containing 
collections of Boman and Frankish 
antiquities. At the back of the edifice, 
there is a curious structure called the 
Judenbad consisting of a cisterti 16 feet 
in length and 45 feet deep. 

The finest excursion is to LAACHEB 
SEE, the largest of the Eifel Lakes. 
It has a depth of 175 feet, the waters 
having collected in an extinct crater. 
On the southwestern bank of the lake 
is situated the Abbey of Laaoh. The 
Church is a fine Bomanesque building 
dating back to the 12ti> cent. 

From Andemach a line of rail runs 
up through the rugged and bleak high- 
lands of the Eifel to 

GEKOI.STEIX (ALT.: 1,230 feet. - 
HOT.: znr Post), which owes its name 
to Gerhardstein Castle founded in 1115 
and dismantled durine: the French wars, 
the ruina still crowning a height that 
overshadows the little town. 

The town possesses six springs, some 
of them of long standing, such as the 
Sidinger Brunnen, known to the Bomans 
and for years the attraction of thou- 
sands of pilgrims. 

In the neighbourhood, there are dO' 
light ful walks, the favourite being to 
Burg, Linde, Anberg &c. 

The following are more distant 

EXCURSIONS: Lissingen, Eishdhle, 
Casselburg, Heidkopf and Dientzenley. 

ft7^z The RHINE from ANDERNACH 
to COBLENCE. 

N E UWI ED ( POP. : 1?,000. — HOT. : 
Earopaiseher Hof) is a nice little town 
with fine regular streets: it is the re- 
sidence of Prince Wied-Neuwied, whose 
ancestor. Count Frederick, founded the 
town in the 17*** cent. 

Its principal building is the Sehloss, 
where the present Queen of Boumania 
was brought up. 

EBTGERS (HOT.: znr BSmerbrlieke), 



248 



some distance beyond Keuwied and at the 
further end of the same plain. Upon the 
site of its old castle, the Schloss (now a 
military school) was erected in 1758. 

COBLENCE. 

POPULATION: 54,000. 

HOTELS: znm Blosen (Giant) is a fine 
building beautifully situated opposite 
the steamboat-pier & looking across to 
Ehrenbreitstein, omnibus meets trains; 
sum Anker (Anchor), a well-knoWn house 
combining comfort, good attendance and 
moderate charges, situated near the 
landing-pier and commanding a view of 
Khrenbreitstein; present proprietor also 
owns Giant Hotel; Honopol-Metropoly 
a iBt class concern in fine position near 
the station, excellent cuisine and wines, 
'bus meets trains and boats; Central 
Hotel, near station, 1«* class; car Tranbe, 
a iBtclass house in immediate neigh* 
bourhood of steamboat pier, renowned 
for Hocks and Moselles. 

CABS: Within town and including 
Ehrenbreitstein, 15 min., 70 pf. to 1 m£ 
for one-horsed vehicle, — further 15 min., 
50 pf.; 1 mk. to 1.80 mk. for two-horsed 
vehicle, further 15 min., 60 pf. 

STEAMBOATS: To Ehrenbreitstein 
10 pf. ; to Yallendar ^0 pf. ; to Bliens 40 pf.; 
to Branbseh 45 pf. 

BATHS: At steamboat pier C^ pf.) 

ENGL. CHURCH: Comer of Gfirgen & 
Victoria St. Sun. 11 a. m., H. 0. 1«* & 
y'd Sun., at noon; other Sun. 8.0. 

POST OFF. : Corner of Clemens PL 

INFOBHATION OFFICE: BheinUeher 
Verkehrsyerein supplies gratis any 
desired information (see advertisement 
page 261). 

The name *'COBLENZ" is merely 
the German corruption of the Roman 
word Confluentes, the town having 
been given this name by the Romans 
on account of its situation at the spot 
where the Moselle mingles its waters 
with those of the Rhine. Coblence is 
the capital of the Rhine Province, and 
boasts a situation that is perhaps un- 
rivalled by any other of the larger towns 
of the Rhine: the tongue of land upon 
which it lies, with its impoi 
palaces and elegant private buiidi' 
is flat and triangular, ending ii 
sharp apex upon which the 
statue of the Emp. William I, is- j 
from every point of view; while 
whole is shut in by the grand hei' 
of the surrounding mountains. 

The most important building if 



Schloss, facing the Rhine between 
Holzthor and the railway bridge. It 
IS a long structure, erected from de- 
signs by Ixnard and Peyre, between 
the years 1778 and 1785, and restored 
in 1842. The royal apartments are 
open to the public (tickets 25 pf.): 
they are situated on the first floor, 
and . contain some fine Gobelins 
and modern pictures. In the Kur- 
furstensaal (Hall of the Electors) hang 
portraits of the Electors from loll 
down to Clemens Wenceslaus, for 
whom the palace was built. It was here 
that William I., with the help of his 
generals, developed those plans for the 
reorganisation of the Prussian army 
which indirectly affected, in so great 
a degree, the fortunes of Germany. 



At the southern end of the square in 
which the castle stands are the Royal 
Sfables, now converted into Ariitlery 
Barracks. Beyond them is Mainzer 
Thor, with the beautiful Barbara 
Fountain close by; while, at the N.W. 
corner of the square (Clemens Pl.)i 
are the Posl Office and the Stadt 
Theater, the latter containing the 
municipal Picture Gallery, which 
consists of some 200 paintings by 
minor Dutch artists &c. 

Passing through Post St., north- 
wards, we reach Goben PI., taking its 
name from the statue of General von 
Goben with which it is embellished. 

At the extreme N.E. of the town rises 
the celebrated Castorkirche, before the 
western front of which stands Castor 



GIKNT HOTEL 
ANCHOR HOTEL 



FIRST-CLASS. Every comfort. 

Best situation on the Rhine. 
New Proprietor, JOH. HANSEN. 

3427 

Well-known Family House. 

Opposite landing-plaoe of Steaniers. 
Proprietor, JOH. HANSEN. 



Fountain, erected by the French in 1812 
to commemorate Napoleon's entry into 
Moscow, and bearing an inscription 
added by the Russian General, St. Priest, 
"Vu et approuve". 

The church itself is a 12th cent. 

basilica with four towers and a beau- 

t ful choir facing towards the quay. 

The original building was founded 

in 836, and dedicated to St. Castor: 

present edifice contains two Gothic 

3S of Archbishops of Treves and 

e good modern frescoes ; while 

vaulting of the Gothic nave is 

worth attention. 

le church is rich in historical 
:iations. It was founded by 
ivig the Pious, whose sons, a few 
'« later (842), met in the building 



to discuss the division of thejr father's 
kingdom and negotiate the terms of 
the Peace of Verdun whereby the 
boundaries of Germany, France and 
Lorraine were determined. Moreover, 
it was here that Conrad III. was elected 
Emperor in 1438, the opening year 
of Germany's Augustan period. 

The spot was accordingly well 
chosen for the erection of the colossal 
monument of William the Great, to 
whom modern Germany is indebted for 
having extended and defined her bound- 
aries. The statue stands right at the 
tip of the sharp tongue of land, called, 
"Deutsches Ecli*, where the Moselle 
meets the Rhine. In order to enlarge the 
base, an embankment was constructed, 
and walls, 1160 feet in length, were 



249 



"Joiir HOTEL ZUR TRAUBE. "'^"^^'^^ 



COBLENCE. 



HOTEL. 

3900 



BeautifullT situated, opposite the landing-place on the Rhine. Rooms from 3 Mk. 
upwards, breakfast included. Steam Heating. No charges for service and light 

Proprietor: A. FLORY, Wine-grower/iir. (Speciality: Metelto 4 Hock.) 



9 IMMrw^qptflCoy-^ssivr 




3S99 



COBLENCE. 



HOTEL MONOPOL-METROPOL 

Finft-ClaM Hotel with ereiy modem comfort Situated near the Station and 

in the nicest position of the town. Excellent wines and splendid cooking. 'Btia 

at the Railway and Steamboat Stations. 



■ODERATE 01IAR8E8. 



Propriftort: D'AVIS BROTHERS, WiM-QroMrt. 



built: from these rises a long flight 
of steps surrounded, at the top, by a 
fine colonnade. In the centre, there is 
an enormous pedestal with the words 
^Wilkclm dem Grossen*' carved in 
large characters above a gigantic relief 
of the imperial eagle. The whole of the 
substructure and interstructure was 
designed by Bruno Schmitz and con- 
sists of granite and basalt. The eques- 
trian statue of the Emperor himself is 
of beaten copper, and rises to a height 
of 46 feet: it is accompanied by a fine 
genius bearing the imperial crown, 
its designer being Emil Hundriser. 
The entire structure forms perhaps 
the grandest of purely personal monu- 
ments in the whole world. 

Another noteworthy building is the 
Kaufhaus at the further end of Mosel St 
from Deutschen Eck. It was converted 
into a Rathaus in 1479 and, having 
been restored in 1668, now serves 
as a school (Real Gymnasium). Close 
by are the Schoffenhaus, containing 
collections of Roman and Prankish 
antiquities, and the Florcncckirche, 
a IZ^"^ cent, edifice with a Gothic choir. 
Beyond the Kaufhaus is the old 
-'ictoral Castft built in 1276 and 
ring addition^ made principally in 
16th century among which the 

wer-steps call for especial attention. 
Stands at the head of Moselle 

ridge, erected in 1344 and leading 

:ro8s to the timber-docks and Liitzel- 

loblenz. 
A few paces southwards from 

lorencekhrche stands the Liehfrauen- 



kirche, built in the 16th cent: its nave 
is Romanesque, its choir Gothic. 

South of the oastle, PCsffeBdorfer 
Brfieke spans the Rhine in three large 
arches. Along the banks of the i iver from 
this spot to Rorehhrlmer BrSoke, there 
is a pretty promenade, whioh waslaid-ont 
by order of the late Empress Aagosta, 
whose statue embellishes the spot. 

Across the Rhine and oonneoted with 
Coblence by a bridge of boats, lies 

THAIi-EHRENBBEITSTEIM 
(POP.: 6,600). Its great point ot interest 
is the celebrated Fortress of Bbrembreit- 
steitty built, in 1826, on tbe spot where an 
elder one had stood that dated back 
to a very early period. Tickets of ad- 
mission (50 pi) must be purchased in the 
town, visitors being then accompanied 
by a noncommissioned officer: the view 
obtained from the fortress includes the 
valley of the Rhine from Andernach to 
Stolzenfels; while the nearer heights of 
tbe Eitel Range are also visible. To 
the N. of the fortress is Nellenkopfy 
the finest point of view in the 
more immediate neighbourhood of the 
town. Southwards of Bhrenbreitstein 
is Forst Astersteia with, olose by, an 
obelisk which aflforda a prospect quite 
eqaal to that from Ehrenbreitstein. (No 
permission required). 

[For continuation of Rhino ooo 
route 28]. 

1^7 B: From COBLENCE, 

via NIEDERLAHNSTEIN, to tbe LAHN 

VALLEY with EMS and NASSAU. 



From Coblence or from Ehrenbreit- 
stein, one may take the train up the 
riffht bank of the Rhine to Niederiahn- 
stein at the mouth of the Lahn. Oppo- 
site lies Oberlahnstein (see route 28); 
but our route does not orosa the 
stream till we reach AUerheiligen. 
Thence, a short run along the lefl 
bank brings us to Ema. 



251 



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1 



BAD EMS 



ON THE LAHN. 
Celebrated Inter- 
national Spa, on 
the Nassau Rail- 
- way between - 
Coblence&Giessen 



Thermal Saline Springs,— temperature 28^—50® C. 

Season: F May till Mid-Octoben 'lu 

Prospectus post-free on application to the Kurkommission. 

Principal Complslnts Tireated. Catarrh of the nose, pharynx, larynx, wind-pipe, 
pulmonary tubes; after-effects of grip, inflammation of the lungs & pleura, provided 
fever has disappeared; emphysema, asthma, catarrh of the stomach (acidity) intestines, 
gall-bladder, urine-bladder (gravel) and kidneys; gout 'and rheumatism; chronic catarrh 
and inflammation of female genital organs &c. 

Treatment. Bathing, taking of waters, every description of inhalation, gargling, 
use of pneumatic cabinets, massage, hydrotherapy, administration of cow's and emuVn 
milk and of whey and keflr. 

Amusementg. Sitting, reading and reception rooms. Concerts thrice daj 
the Cure Orchestra, a band of 50 musicians. Balls. Regatta. Shooting. Fisi 
Tennis-Grounds of most modern construction. Lovely and shady woodland w 
Mountam railway to Hohenma'berg (1,100 ft.). Chief gathering-point of tourists (* 
the Lahn, the Rhine and the Moselle. 

Sale of Ems Mineral Waters aod their Prodaet«. Emser Kranchen fror 
famous spring of that name, Emser Kesselbrunnen, Kaiserbrunnen, Victoriaqi 
Emser Pastilles prepared under state control, natural spring-salt (solid or liquir^^ 
to be had at all pharmacies, druggists', grocers' &c. 

For further information apply to the Boyal Administration of the Baths k Sp 

252 



EMS. 

POPULATION: 6,8C0. 

HOTELS: d'AngUterte, lit class, op- 

ffosite Mineral Baths and near Inhaling 
nstitate, — own large gronnds, — pa- 
tronised by best American society; ^'Tlie 
Boemerbita"« United Hotels and Baths, 
Prince of Wales, de Paris and Boemerbad, 
with Boemer quelle 4B'8o C. one of the best 
springs. Vacuum cleaner. Directly oppo- 
I site the Eurgarden & Karsaal. Patronised 
I by best American families; Boyal Kar- 
faaiiSy thoroughly renovated, contains 
[ 2.5 bath-rooms supplied with water from 
; the royal springs which are on the pre- 
[ mises, — every modem comfort, covered 
( corridor to Cursaal; Fonr Seasons k 
i Europe, 1 ** cl., direct, covered communica- 
tion between Hotel and the Royal Springs, 
Bath and Drinking Halls; Fear Towers, 
iBt class, very fine, tranquil location, ex- 
tensive grounds, refitted in 1903, every 
comfort; Darmstadter Hof, 1 at cl. house, 
close to the 'Knrhaus* springs 

ENOL. CHUBCH: In the villa district 
on the left bank of the Lahn. 

KUBTAXE: for a stay of more than 
i a week, 1 person, IS mks.; every addU 



member of family, mks.; children 
under 8 years and servants free. 

A1IU8EMENTS; The Kar-Theater, re- 
built in 1898 and fitted with all modem 
comforts, including electric light: the 
ventilation is exceedingly good, the 
atmosphere remaining agreeable even 
in the hottest summer weather. 

EMS is one of the most renowned 
spas of Germany. It is situated on 
the Lahn and its antiquity is attested 
by the fact that the Romans built, on 
the spot, two castles and at least one 
bath, the remains of which have been 
found, within recent years, on the left 
bank of the stream close to the springs. 
The first mention of the town as a 
health-resort occurs in documents of 
the 12tii cent.; while, in a manuscript 
of 1355, a reference is made to "Das 
warme Bad bei Eymetz*'. The growth 
of the place, until it passed into the 
possession of Prussia, in 1866, was 
very gradual; but since then, the 



HOTEL D'ANGLETERRE 



AMERICAN 



FIRST-CLASS WITH EVERY MODERN COMFORT. 

3429 =.==, BAD EMS = 

APARTMENTS WITH PRIVATK BATH ROOMS. 



CLIENTELE 



development has been very rapid. 
Doubtless, the annual visit paid to the 
spa by the Emperor William I., Irom 
1867 to 1887, did much to foster the 
rise of the town into its present leading 
place among the health-resorts of Ger- 
many. The celebrity of the spa, indeed, 
received a great impulse from the rcH- 
contre which occurred, in its prome- 
nade, between the King of Prussia and 
Benedetti, the French ambassador. 

But these circumstances were in no 
wise necessary to raise the rank of Ems 
I spa. Its magnificent position, 
ne of the most beautiful valleys 
yermany, within a short distance 
le Rhine and the Moselle, renders 
most agreeable place to stay at. 
sover, its situation, at a height of 
ft* above the sea-level and amid 
itains clad from foot to summit 
* *' jbtful woods or with vine- 



yards and orchards, lends it a mild 
but not enervating climate. Refreshing 
breezes of a light character blow 
across from the hills and forests even 
in the warmest summer weather. 

Ems stretches for a distance of nearly 
two miles along the river Lahn: the 
greater part of it is situated on the 
right bank, and creeps round the foot 
of Baderberg Hill and up the side 
valleys. It has a permanent pop. of 
about 6,800: the number of visitors 
annually is 26,000, of whom 12,000 
come to take the waters, the remaining 
14,000 being tourists. 

The centre of attraction is naturally 
the Royal Kurhaus, It was built 
in the 18*^ century, and has been 
enlarged several times to cope with 
the ever-increasing number of guests. 
A colonnade leads to the Kursaal, 
which is situated in the Pavilion 



EMS. 



HOTEL & BATHS 

"The Roemerbad" 

(Prince of Wales^ de Paris, & Romerbad.) 

RiOht Dj^posita fha 'TurQirtan", the ''Cursail", anil tlie Rnyil Springi. 




FIRST-CLASS ESTABHSHMENT with own Spring, "Koemer- 
quelle 43<8^ C". Best situation in Ems, on the left bank of the river. 
The "Curgarten" and "Cursaar' can be 

easily reached {2 minutes) by a covered bridge. 
Own Bath-house (18 Marble Baths) and Inhalatory connected with 
the Hotel. Lar^jfe shady Garden and Terracej where Breakfast and Suf 
are mostly taken. Recently -built, airy Dining Rooms. Splendid ¥. 

Smoking, Reading, and Music Rooms. 
M32 FIRST-CLASS RESTAURANT. 

2 Lifts, Electric Light throughout. Vacuum Cleaner, Perfect Saniti 
Arrangements. Porters meet all Trains. Pension arrangements dur 
who!e Season. Strictly moderate charges. 
/?pp/y for Wusf rated Prospect us to the Proprhtor^ C. RVECK^R- 
Maniifaclurer of the "Emser Pastillen u, TableUen dei* Roemerquelli** 
254 



r 



ESls FOUR SEASONS & EUROPE. 

First-class, world-wide reputation, latest improvements. Most central and convenient 
situfition nearest to the Kurgarden. Largely patronised by English and Americans. 
The Hotel is connected by covered corridors with the Royal Thermal Bath House and 

Inhaling Institution, the Thermal Springs and Drinking Halls. 
♦f- Strictly moderate. -?* 3430 a Prop.: L. GRAEF, Court Purveyor. 



Grounds, a beautiful spot lying along- 
side the bank of the Lahn and close 
to the Gitter Bridge. 

In the Kursaal, a continuous round 
of entertainments is kept up during 
the season, which lasts from the first 
of May to the end of Sept. or later, 
according to the weather: symphony 
& other concerts, reunions &. balls &c. 
take place in the Saa); while, in the 
garden, concerts are given thrice daily 
by the Kurhaus Band of 50 members 



conducted by Mr. Irrgang oiCoblence. 
Besides the various fire- work displays, 
corsos and Venetian fetes in the garden, 
an imperial regatta is arranged at the 
beginning of the month of July. 

Six thermal springs (280— 44*3^ C), 
under the Royal Prussian Administra- 
tion, are used for drinking purposes, 
namely: — Krdnchcn I, Krdnchen II, 
Kesselbrunnen, Kaiser bruHuen, Vic- 
ioriaquelle & tVilhelmsquelle* All of 
them are to be found in the *Trink- 



ROYAL KURHAUS HOTEL 



EMS (BAD). 



3431^ 

Recently entirely renoTAted throughout* Che Royal Bprtngs are 
in the DoteU Cwenty-five Bathrooms supplied with mineral 
waters and inhalation Hpparatus. Lift. 6lectric Light. Con- 
nected with the Cursaal by covered Corridor^ 

^ /f /t prospectus on application/^ /> /^ 

W. SCHALLER, also Proprietor of tho CURSAAL RESTAURANT. 



halle' of the Royal Kurhaus and the 
adjacent courtyard : tickets for the 
waters cost 6 mks. 

All these springs have recently 
undergone great improvement. Prom 
the hall a number of steps, with 
balustrade of granite and syenite, 
leads down to the spring, and the 
waters ^re supplied to the public 
from taps, the Indian -file approach 
tg thus obviated, 
wo other springs, the BubenqueUt, 



and the Neuquelle, are employed for 
bathing only. 

Besides these, another state spring 
is in use, namely the chalybeate 
spring called StahlquelU. 

Finally, there is the Rotmer-QuclU 
(43*80 C), situated in the Roemerbad 
on the left bank of the Lahn. It is 
the private property of Mr. C. Ruecker, 
prop, of the Prince of Wales Hotel, 
Pariser Hof and Roemerbad. 

As will be seen from the figures 



MS. 



HOTEL FOUR TOWERS. 



EMS. 



ft-dass. Acknowledged to be la a most superb sad quiet position, sorrotiaded by 
own large garden and the Kurpark. Renovated and refumisbed in 1909 and replete 
i all modem comfort Large English dientUe. Moderate cbargei. Omnibus. 
Pro^: L 8RAEF, Court Purveyor. t430b 

955 



given above, all the springs are 
thermal except the Stahlquelle and, ac- 
cording to the analysis of Professor 
Fresenius,are roughly equal in muriates 
of sodium. The curative effects are 
excellent in all catarrhal affections of 
the mucous membrane, diseases of 
the respiratory, digestive and urinary 
organs and of the female sexual organs, 
as well as in gout and rheumatism. 

Above the town rises Malbers Hill, 
about 1,100 feet in height. Pleasant and 
easy roads lead ap the slope; but a rope 
railway may be used if preferred. The 
height is coyered with magnificent beech- 
woods; and the sammit, which is crowned 
with a outlook-tower, affords a fine view 
of the district. A similar prospect is 
also offered by the Bdmerthurm on 
Winterberg, the hill lying to the E. of 
Halberg. Across the river, to the right, 
is seen the B&derlei, a stem and rugged 
mass of slate in climbing which one passes 
the so-called Hooshlltte and the monu- 
ment to the Franeo-PrasslaB War. The 
hill seen to the left of it is Baderberg. 
Every few weeks, an interesting illumi- 
nation of the Baderlei is instituted by the 
Bath Committee. At various points of 
the mountain are stationed link - boys 
to the number of 600. At a given rocket- 
signal, each lights his Bengal torch and 
clambers down the hilL The various- 
coloured flames oast their light upon 
the moving figures, prodnoing a most 
weird and striking effect 

Betumin;* to the town, the principal 
sights to be noted are the marble 
Statne of William I. and the <*BeBedettt 
Steio". The former is the only statue 
extant of the Emp. William L in civilian 
attire. The Benedetti Stone marks the 
spot where the French ambassador adres- 
sed the King of Prussia on the 18^^ of 
July 1870. 

In the N. W. of the town a flre-oolumn 
has been erected to the memory of Prince 
Bismarck; on the summit a beacon is 
lighted on the l>t April, the anniversary 
of the great chancellor's birthbay. 

NASSAV (POP. I 2,000. — HOTEL: 
Xsssaner Hof) is a small but ancient 
town prettily situated on the right bank 
of the Lahn and 15 miles beyond Ems. 
The climate is exceedirgly healthy, 
receiving its mild and equable character 
from the tree-olad hills which encircle 
it The town possesses a hydro* and 
some noteworthy buildings. Of these, 
the mest interesting is the Castle, built 
in 1621, and celebrated for its connection 
with the Prussian statesman, vom Stela, 
born here in 1757. 

KXCUBSIONS s Across Idle chain bridge 
to Bnrg Stein (1 158), and Borg H assaa (1101). 



ftr^i From COBLENCE up the 

MOSELLE to TREVES, LUXEMBURa 

and METZ. 

TBETBS (Trier) (POP.t 48,860. - 
HOT.t Porta Nigra). 

TREVES, the civiias iretwrorum of 
the Romans, which has become^ in 
German, Trier, is the oldest city in Ger- 
many. Nestling in a lovely spot among 
vine-clad hills of the Moselle, its build- 
ing of greatest interest is, of course, the 
celebrated Cathedral, to which nearly 
all its streets lead, like the threads of 
a spider's web to the centre. The 
original building, on whose foundation 
the present edifice stands, was a Roman 
basilica dating back, doubtless, to the 
time of the Emperor Valentinian L 
(364—375). The place passed through 
many vicissitudes, being partly de- 
stroyed, first by the Franks and then 
by the Normans: it was renovated by 
Archbishop Poppo and his successors. 
The vaulting of the nave dates from 
the 13*b cent, — the treasury, with 
its cupola, from the 17*^ century. 
The Roman part of the structure will 
be recognised by sandstone and brick 
work, the additions made by Poppo 
being of lime -stone and brick. The 
interior, in which the Prankish capitals 
and Roman arches are easily recognis- 
able, contains monuments of John IlL 
and the Elector Richard III.; while, in 
the treasury, are preserved what arc 
said to be the skulls of the Empress 
Helena & St. Matthew and a nail from 
the cross of Christ. (Entrance to these 
wonders may be obtained on payment 
of 1 mk.). But the most renowned 
reliquus is the *'coat of Christ without 
seam woven from the top throughout" 
and preserved in the High Al 
though rarely exhibited. 

Another veiy interesting chu.. 
the Liebfrauenkirche close by 
Cathedral. It is an early- G( 
structure, the interior supported 
12 columns bepainted with figure: 
the twelve apostles, all. of which 
visible from a block of sla*-^ ' 



256 



r 



iht 6ntraiicd. The building contains 
numerous monuments and a mummy 
of Bishop Theodolph (4th cent.). 

A few paces southwards stands a 
basilica of the 4tb century. Across 
Palast PL and beyond the exceedingly 
interesting Provincial Museum, are 
the ruins of a palace once belonging to 
the Roman emperors and now called 
Kaiser Palast. It stands at the corner 
of Ost-Aliee and SOd-Allee, the latter 
road leading up the hill eastwards^, to 
an * amphitheatre capable of seating 
about 7,000 persons. The building 
was probably erected in the days of 
Trajan. Some other interesting relics 
are the Rofftan Baths at the western 
end of Siid-Allee, and the bridge across 
the Moselle: the main part of the 
structure was built by the Romans, 
only the second and seventh pillars 
being modern. Moreover, in the N.E. 
of the town there is a well-preserved 
Roman gate- way of the 4*h century, 
called Porta Nigra: the structure has 
additions made in the 1 1th cent. 

Treves lie* in the great wine-growisg 
district of the Moselle. Amooff the 
most celebrated f^rowers are Messrs. 
Kfihlwein & Go. (whose wines enjoy a 
high repute), and the well-known nrm 
of Messrs. Bud. & Wm. Manoher whose 
head-quarters are at Neuatadt o/Haardt. 

LUXEMBURG. 

POPULATION X 20.000. 

BOTKL: Grand Hotel Brassear, the 

only good family hotel in Luxemburg. 

U. S. CONS. AOT. t Ernest Demlle^ Esq. 

LUXEMBURG is the capital of the 
Grand Duchy of the same name, a 
small independent state lying between 
Germany and Belgium with its S.W. 
comer touching the boundary of 
France (see introduction to Germany), 
city has a mixed population, 
common medium of intercourse 



being I^rench. The upper -town lied 
on a rocky plateau, the lower- town 
in the valley of the Petrusse. Its 
situation among rugged rocks and 
varied plantations, its enormous via- 
ducts, and its wooded hills to the 
N. E. present a most beautiful and 
striking aspect. A good idea of the 
city is obtained by a walk round the 
Ring which encircles the greater part 
of the place and commands views of 
the old ramparts as well as of the 
two fine valleys through which the 
Petrusse and the Alzette flow. 

From the station we cross the 
PetrusseValley to the Brucken Ring and 
follow Konigsring to Hotel Brasseur 
and through Amalia St into the 
Plantations, where stands a monu- 
ment to Princess Amalia. Keeping to 
the right, we come to the Pescatore 
Alms Houses, near which there is a 
fine view across the deep valley of 
the Alzette. Having walked rqund the 
grounds of the institute, we pass to 
the left and visit the Three Towers, 
proceeding thence along the Neuen- 
weg to Schlossbriicke whose arches, 
superposed one upon another, span 
the Pfaffenthal near the famous Bock. 
The Bock is a cliff remarkable for 
its casemates and bearing the ruins 
of the old castle. 

A road to the right leads aeross the 
Brtlokenring to Constitution PL which 
affoids a fine view of the Petrusse 
Valley and the new Adolphbrfloke. 
This bridge consists of two small arches 
at either end and a magnificent middle 
arch haviDg a span ox 84 metres — 
the largest hitherto executed in stone. 
The whole is a remarkably bold struc- 
ture designed by Bodange. Following 
now the tramway lines » we come to 
WilhehnsPL embellished with a statue of 
William II. (a master-pieoe by Mercier). 
Here, too, is the Stadtkans (Hot deVille) 
containing some hundred and thirty 



LUXEMBURG. 

dAND HOTEL BRASSEUR. 

■ ■ I FIRST-CIiASS HOTEIi. i * 

aceptional situation, near to the Park, best and finest Promenades. Baths and 
ihes. REPLETE WITH EVERY MODERN COMFORT. Eleetrie Lifrht. Lift. 
HeatUg. OMBlkas H aU Trains. 9. BIIEIIS-WIJIBLI, »rop. 

267 17 



Metz. 



4090 



GRAND HOTEL 



Metz. 



Formerly HOTEL DE L'EUROPE. 

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. The largeft and «oit eomfortmble in the Towb. Beautifully 
situated, with a fine Garden. Modernised. Electric light. Lift Fine Terrace. Motor House. 
Patronized by the Royal Families of several Courts of Europe. QUIDO HAFEN, Proprlator 



piotnrea of the French & Datch Schools. 
The tramwfty rans on to the Qrand- 
Dacal palace, an edifice in Hispano- 
Netherland stiyle (1563). Returning to 
the square, the visitor descends to Lieb- 
fraaen St., where stands the Cathedral 
(Notre Dame) built in 1607-1618. The 
exterior is noteworthy for its Benai^ 
sance poroh: the interior, which is in 
Transitional style, contains some fres- 
coes, some monuments and an altar 
with a "wonder - working*' picture of 
the Madonna. Near the Cathedral are 
the AthensBum (1608) and the Municipal 
Library, the latter containing over 
60,000 volumes. 

Oa Parade PI. there is a twin monu- 
ment to the local poets Dicks & Lents. 

EXCURSIONS : TheYalley of the Alzette 
with Pfaffenthal, Claasen and Grand; 



Fetsehen Hof ; Bollinger Grand, Miifa] en- 
bach and Eieh; Orel Eieheln Ac. 

liAROCHETTE (Grand Hot. de la 
Poste), picturesquely situated at ttaa 
base of two precipitous rocks, one of 
which is crowned by a finely-preserved 
caille and the other by the towe; of 
an ancient fortress. 

METZ. 

POPULATION: SO.noO. 

HOTELS: Grand Hotel (formerly Hotel 
de V Europe), iBtolass, beautiful situation, 
patronised by royalty and nmhiLitj; 
Grand Hot. de Mets, l«t class, highly 
spoken-of, patronised by royalty^ II ot* 
Boyal, fine modem building la open 
situation vear rail, station; Grapd Uvt, 
d'Angleterre, iBtolass; Hotel TerialitiiSt 



METZ 



HOTEL ROYAL 



Opened January 1905. In open situation near Railway Station, Ring St. 

SB Magnificent modern building with every modern comfort, — 1.!-^=^^ 

ORAMD HOTEL DE METZ 



Celebrated Ut class house in centre of city. 



4089 



Prop. J. Arinbnt9t«r. 



erected 1906, facing new Station, modern 
comfort, automobue shed &c. 

CJLBS: Between station and town. 
1 mk.; within the town, 60 pf.; add*! 
pers. 20 pf. extra ; Vs hour, 1 mk. 

POST OFFICE: 23 Post St 

METZ, the capital of German 
Lothringen (Lorraine) has a civil pop. 
of some 60,(XX). The city is strongly 
fortified, and is occupied by a garrison 
of 20,000 Prussian, Saxon & Bavarian 
soldiers. It lies in an extensive valley 
on the banks of the Moselle, which 
here spreads out into various arms. 
Originally a settlement of the Gauls, 
it became, in the 9*^1 cent., an inde- 



pendent city of the German empire: 
in 1556 it was ceded to France and 
remained French till 1871. 

The finest of its many noteworthy 
buildings is the Cathedral, An \m- 
posing Gothic structure built diiring 
the 13*^ and 14^^ centuries and pos- 
sessing a choir added 1(X) years later. 
Both the nave and the tower are 
exceptionally high, the latter 400 ft. 
Most of the monuments formerly con* 
tained in the interior were demolished 
during the French revolution ; ^••'t 
the stained-glass of the S. aisle da i 
from the 1 3th cent, that of the nr 



fisi* Jfotel 7ermintts 

FIRST-CLASS. ERECTED 190d. ' 

Opposite new Railway Station. Lift. Auto-Garage. 

FAMOUS WINE AND BEER RESTAURA^ 

268 



and transept being H^h^ 15th and 
I6tb cent. work. The font is an 
ancient Roman bath. 

Opposite the Cathedral is the Stadt- 
haus, containing a small Museum. 
Northwards of the Cathedral stand 
the Theatre and the Government 
Buildings. A bridge to the N. E. 
of th£ latter leads across to Vmzenz St. 
in which Vinzenzkirche, a handsome 
13th cent, building, in Gothic style and 
with Roman remains, is worth visiting. 
Not far from the Stadthaus, at the 
corner of Geisberg and Bibliothek St., 
stands the Library: it contains some 
valuable historical collections, and a 
few Roman antiquities.* Adjacent to 
it is the old Austrasian Palace, 
erected in 1599 on the spot where a 
former Roman palace had stood, and 
built, indeed, partly of the ruins. (In 
the i^ and 8tb centuries, Metz was 
the capital of Austrasia). 

In the S. E. part of the city stand 
the churches of Notre Dame and 
St, Martin — the latter near one end 
of Esplanade St. At the other end of 
this street rises the Palace of Justice, 
formerly the residence of the French 
governor. Beyond it, in Bouffler's 
Garden, there is a fine bronze statue 
of Prince Frederick Carl of Prussia, 
raised in memory of his great victory 
of 1870. The middle Esplanade is 
embellished with an equestrian statue 
of the Emperor William 1. 

The battle-fields to the E. and W. of 
the city require several hours inspection 
to be appreciated. They are very exten- 
sive and interesting, the most important 
spot to visit being, of course, Grave- 
lotte, which lies about 5 miles W. of 
city. From this spot, when the 
le began on the 16th oi Aug., 
main body of the German army 
jad about 2 miles S. to Bois de 
4X, and N. to St, Marie, where 
bent W., past St, Privat and 
cours; the principal French army 
g, of course, along the heights 
wards. The 3Pd and IQth German 
ps, at Bois de Vaux, and the 2°d and 



259 



7th corps, posted at Gravelotte, shut 
in the 2nd and S^d Fren;h corps 
between them. The battle - field of 
the 16th of Aug. lies E. of the pity 
and stretches away to a distance of 
5 miles to the E. and S. E. 

A short distance across the frontier 
lies Nancy (see route 85) which forms 
a favourite excursion from Metz. 

its I The RHINE from COBLENCE 

to STOLZENFELS, OBERLANNSTEIN, 

RHENS, BRAUBACH, BOPPARD. 

SALZIG, St GOAR, ST. GOARS- 

HAUSEN, LORELEY, CAUB, 

BACHARACH, LORCH, ASSMANNS- 

HAUSEN, NIEDERWALD, R..DESHEIM, 

BINGEN and BINGERBROCK. 

STOLZEBTFEiiS. Some 5 miles be- 
yond Coblence lies -the little hamlet 
of CAPBLLBN (Hoi.: Btolienfels ; 
BelleTve) overlooked, from a height 
of 310 feet, by the proud CASTLE OF 
STOLZENFELS. The original building 
was a very ancient one, and was 
replaced, in 1259, by a fortress 
erected by Archbishop Arnold of 
Treves. This edifice having been re- 
duced to a ruin by the French in 
1689, it was restored by Schinkel in 
1823 for the Crown Prince Frederick 
William, and is now the property of 
the Emperor William 11. (Tickets to 
view the Castle, 25 pf.). Apart from 
the valuable frescoes it contains, it 
also affords a fine prospect of the 
Rhine and the valley ot the Lahn. 
The best point of view, however, is 
from Augusta Hohe above the Castle 
(IV4 hours). 

OBERIiAHNSTEIHr (POP.: 7,00a 
HOT.: Weller; Lmhneek), at the moath 
of the Lahn : it is principally indastriaJ, 
and possesses considerable docks. Its 
Bathsas, a late-Gothic straotare with 
projecting gables, is well worth seeing^. 
At one end of the town is Schloes 
Martinsbnrir) a Uth cent, bailding which 
was formerly the castle of the Electors 
of Mayence. A quarter of an hour 
distant stands the old Castle of Lahneek, 
with its fine tower crowning a high 
and overhanging rock: it was once the 
residence of the Electors of Mnyeuce, 
and is first mentioned in the year 12-2 . 
Having been almost demolished by the 



17* 




Siolzenfels Castle and Chapeh 



French in 1B89, it has, in recent years, 
been rebuilt and rendered habitable. 

The Lahn is one of the most im- 
portant tributaries of the Bhine. In 
its valley lie the celebrated spa of Ems 
and the small but important town of 
Nftssan. (See route 27 b). 

BHEBTSiHOT.: KSnigstnlil), a village 
retaining its medisBval aspect and pos- 
sessing some fine specucnens of 14th cent, 
gabled-work. 

About 10 minutes below the hamlet 
stands the Konigstabl, a building wbich 
had gone to rum, but was re-erected in 
1848, the principal materifils used being 
the old fallen stones. The edifice stanus at 
the spot where the Electorates of Cologne, 
Treves and Mayence touch one another; 
and the spot whs consequently chosen as 
a meeting-place for the Electors, bence 
its name, which means the King's Sl<»at. 

BRAVBACH (POP.: 2,t00. - HOT.: 
Kftiserliof) is a centre for some delight- 
ful excursions, one of the best of which 
is to Dachskopf '2Va hrs.). Above Brau- 
baoh, On a rock 500 feet in height, rises 
the well-preserved Castle of Harksbarg : 
it is, indeed, the only fortress on the 
Bhine wbich has escaped the ravages of 
time and war. 

BOPPARD (POP.: 6,000. — HOT.: 
Spiegel) is frequented by a large number 
ot visitors on account of its picturesque 
f-ituation and interesting buildings. Of 



these latter the most noteworthy is the 
Pfsrrkirche, with its two towers and 
choir (I2th cent.): the decoration of the 
interior has been recently restored in 
excellent taAte. Another old Church is 
Karmeliterkirehey a Gothio building 
(13lH). On the banks of the Bhine, and 
close to the ferry, stands the old Elec- 
toral Castle. Other buildings within the 
town are the Franziskaner'Kloster, the 
remains of the Tempelhof in Seiten (^asse 
and St. Martin's Kloster, 

Above the town, in Honsraeker Bead, 
stands the old Harienbeig, formerly a 
Benedictine convent, now a hydro. 

CAMP (POP.: 1,600. - HOT.: Anker) 
is well a'^apted.as a place of residence. 
The vicinity contains earthworks er- 
roneoufily ascribed to the Bomans. 

SALZIG, with its saline springs and 
extensive orchards, is celebrated mainlv 
for the ruins of the C>«stles of 

Llebeiistein and Sti^rreaberr, th< 
called hostile brothers, which U. 
up from high rugged crass across 
stream : in the vale beneath them nei 
the Monastery of Bornfaofen, witl 
15th cent. Gothic church. 

WELIiMIOH (Hot. B. Idler) 
picturesque village on the right I 
of the stream. It is overlook e I by 
ruins of the old Castle of Thnrmb 
which was dubbed the 'mouse' by 
Count of Katzenellenbogen. Tb'* 



260 



own cats tie opposite, in 8t. Ghottribansen, 
W»B lyi^Un^nmd the *o»t'- 

f$T. GOAR tPOP-: l.HOO, — HOTELS: 
LJIIc; t<iel}ii(']dcr) is sltuatod an the left 
bftctk of tUo stream, [t [in^desses two 
mlen^Htine- chnrcb»^B, oamely. !h« Eraa- 
gelUi^Iie Kirrhe (146$!l) (^ontaming marble 
tnmbs of the Lindgrara Plillipp of 
Heaaon and cossorti — and the €a>bo1ie 
i'ltmreb* remnrbabiB for a aton^-oarving 
uf !it.6dar. The rillKEO ia overlooked by 
the o\d castlo of BhelDfeli, a rainad 
fnrtrea» erect-ed in tbo 13 tt cant, by 
Count Katzonellenbo^en. It was very 
strongly fortified and rdSiBt^d saocess- 
fully a siet^e by a large army of the 
Frencib in 1H92, 

On the opposite side of the stream 
ia tho village of 

Jii1\ eOARKHAl7Si:?r (pop,: 1,700. 
nOTKLi^J IdUti Uli^lDlaeher (Jof) lying 
S30 clo^e to the edge of the watijr as to re- 
quire tlie protetitLon of dyke -walls and 
two old watcb-townrs* Above tli© village 
risea the Castle of Nen-UatEeoeltoabOKen 
(of. Saizig &, Weltn.inb). A deli^httnl ex- 
cursion IB up the rocky SehweizorYalleyf 
animated, at frequent intervnla, by small 
watorfHlls. To the left, a etaep path leads 
up to Pati'jpaberif, Another roiate leads 
to Bflbneibcrr with tower affording a 
good view. Either od the same ex- 
curnion, or diret^t from St. Goarihaoseiiy 
a vinit BhoTild he paid to 

THE LOilEi^EY, an enortnous and 
rug^^od Touk towering above the stream 
to a heiR^bt of 450 feet, It hajj become 
(celebrated through its connection with 
the legend of the ''Lore Lay" wliich Heine 
haa emhodiod in hia outlying ballad 
*'Ich welsB nicht waa soil es bedeuten". 

The tradition aeeins to have arisen 
from a remarkably good echo produced 
by the rnck 

CAUB IPOP,: 2.e00. - HOTELS: 
Adler; tirQaer Wsldj, tbe cliiof centre 
of the al lite -mining district of thoBhine, 
ia an ancient place potiRensing a large 
itatue ol Bliicbcr com me mo rating the 
great genorar^ paesHc^e o[ the Rhine 
on tbe night of New Yoiir'a Eva 1813/14. 
A foot-psith leads up to the rnins of 
GatenfelB Cattle, whosg gquare and 
turreted tower overlooks the town from 
a considerable height- Some distance 
Kflirnnd it are the picturoiiqae ruins 
liubarj?. 

lier up the Rhin«t and built on an 
. tbe middle of the «tream, is a 
preserved eastle dating hm k to tbe 
F liaif o( the W^ cent. It ia called 
t firafeniteln or THE PF4LZ, the 
I PfaiK being the Latin word 'Pala- 
is modified according tu Grimm's 
(cf, Coblenc6)H Its foander was 
rig of Bavaria who in said to have 
ad It for tho purpcsa ot levying 
rom pH Baling vessels. The pla<e ia 
orth vifjitiug for its ancient 



character, but also as the spot where 
BlUcher crossed with his army of Silesian 
BOldters in 1818 (see above). 

BACHARACH (POP.: 3,000. — 
HOTELS: flerbrecht; Bastian), on left 
bank of the stream, is delightfully 
situated at the entrance to the valley of 
the Steeg. A well -preserved mediseval 
wall surrounds the town. Two churches, 
St. Peter's and Tempelklrehey are worth 
seeing: opposite the la ter is an inter- 
esting old house. A walk of 20 minutes 
up tbe vallev brings us to Steeg. It is 
overlooked by the ruins of Stahlberg 
Castle from which a fine view is ob- 
tained. Following the Rhine upwards 
past Stahleck Bnins on the right, Loreh- 
haasen on the left and the ruins of 
Farstenberg above Bhelndlebaeh on the 
right, we reach 

liORCH (POP.: 2,200. — HOTELS: 
Tel titer; Krone), at the mouth of the 
Wisper. Above the town rises the high 
tower of St. Martin's Church, a Gothic 
building with a beautiful altar, a 15th 
cent, font and several interesting tombs. 
A beautiful excursion is up the valley of 
the Wisper to Sehwalbaeh & Schlan gem- 
bad (see route 16). A quarter of an 
hour's walk from Lorch, the valley of 
the Saner opens into that of tbe Wisper 
and is interesting for its ruins of 
Sanerbnrr Castle. 

Between Lorch and Assmannshausen, 
the steamer eroing upstream passes the 
village of Niederrhelnbaeh, overlooked 
by the tower ot Uelmbnrg Castle on 
the left bank of the Rhine. A mile or 
two further is seen the castle-tower of 
Sonneeky and, a like distance beyond it, 
the village of Treehtingshaasen. Opposite 
this place, the Bodenthal falls into the 
Rhine; while, to the right of it and close 
to the right bank of tbe Rhine some 
fine summits come into view, e.g.:— 
Teofelskadrich (1,400 feet); Horkopf (1,240 
feet); Bacharaehkopf 0.1-'^ feet). 

Opposite the last stands the pic- 
turesque old Castle of Bheinstein, over- 
looking the stream from a height of 
2ti0 feet. 

ASSMANBrSHAVSEBr (HOT.: Anker), 
lying on the right bank of the Rhine 
and at the foot of the Niederwald, is 
celebrated for its fiary red wine and 
delightful situation. The proximity of 
the Niederwald monument, attracts 
many visitors. 

THE NIEDERWALD 

is a fine hill 1,100 ft. high and covered 
with vineyards and woods. 

At its foot flows "Father Rhine"; while, 
on one of its shoulders opposite the 
town of Bingen, stands the celebrated 
National Honament mentioned above. 
The main figure, bearing: the Imperial 



961 



Crown and a garlanded sword, is that 
of Germania, and was designed by 
SehlUing of Dresden: the base of the 
erection, deoorHted with reliefs symbol- 
iaing the Bhine Wateh and others re- 
presenting William I. with the various 
German princes, generals &c., is the 
work of the well-known architect, Carl 
Welssbaeh of Dresden. 

On the summit of the hill above 
stands 

<<flotel Jagdsehloss NIederwald'S a 
first-class establishment with an ex- 
cellent restaurant attached. 

On the southern slope of the hill, 
close to the stream, lie the ruins of 
Ehrenfels -Castle surrounded by the ter- 
raced vineyards of Bfidesheimer Berg. 
Beyond it, and nearly opposite Bingen, 
is the town of 

rCdesheim, 

POPULATIONS 4,800. 

HOTELS: Bhelnstein, !■* class, facing 
landing- stnge and station, patronised 
by H. B. H., the German Crown Prince ; 
Hotel fibrbacdy prop. Jos. Ehrhard, 



famous for high-class wines from own 
large vineyards at Btidesheim and Ass- 
mannshausen, — the cellars may be 
visited at any time. 

RODESHEIM is a town lying in an 
idyllic situation at the foot of the 
vine-covered Niederwald : it Is one of 
the oldest and most celebrated wine- 
growing towns in the whole ot the 
Rhine; and no tourist travelling in the 
district should leave this delightful 
spot un visited. Moreover, its celebrity 
no longer rests merely on its delicious 
wines and natural beauty, but has 
been greatly increased by the national { 
monument which overlooks the town i 
from the summit of the Niederwald 
(see above). j 

This monument has been erected 
in commemoration of those unanimous 
and victorious efforts of the German 
people which culninated in the re- 



RiidesheirQ o/ Rhine. 



HOTEL RHEINSTEIN. 

Eirst- class, opposite landing-stage and near railway station. 
3267 Prop.: M* Beiderlinden, Wine Grrower. 



establishment of the German Empire 
in 1871. It is reached by a cog- 
railway in 14 minutes, the station 
being situated behind the so-called 
Adlerthurm, Seats should, if possible, 
be chosen on the further side of the 
railway- carriage, in order to enjoy 
the magnificent prospects which come 
into view as the train ascends the 
mountain. 

It is also advisable to make either 
the ascent or the descent from Ass- 
mannshauscn. 

The terminus of the cog-railway on 
the N ederwald lies in the immediate 
neighbourhood of Holel Jagdsckloss, 
formerly the property of the Duke 
of Nassau, but now belonging to the 
Prussian Government, by whom it 
has been furnished and appo nted. 
A deviation of some 15 minutes from 
the direct path leads to a cavern, 



near which there are two excellent 
points of view. From the higher of 
these, called the Rossel, a magnificent 
prospect of the confluence of the Nahe 
and the Rhine, with Binder- Loch 
and Schloss Rhcinstein, is obtained: 
moreover, these rivers having mingled 
their waters, a tricoloured stream 
is formed distinctly visible from the 
stand-point of the beholder. A de- 
lightful and shady woodland path 
leads from the Hotel to the National 
Monument in a quarter of an boi 

At the lower end of the to ; 
stands Brtmserburg, the anci 
castle of the old Knights of Rud« • 
heim. Behind, rises the Boosenbut , 
a castle with a high, battlement [ 
tower, resembling an obelisk; in ♦' t 
1 3th cent, it belonged to- the *'Fo ; 
of Riidesheim", a family related - 
that of the Knights of Riideshp 



HOTEL EHRHARD. ^^S^^'Hl 

banks of the Rhine. Famoue for Its cuisine and its own-growth wines. 
Export trade to ail parts of the worid. JOS. EHRHARD, proprietor. 




NATIONAL MEMORIAL ON THE NIEDERWALD. 

263 



buif on the extinction ot the line, 
the castle passed into Ihe poases-inn 
of Count Johann Boos of Waldeck, 
from whom Jt takes its name* Of 
one ol the descendants of this count 
there is a siory, supported by do- 
cumentary evidence, which lells how 
he won the village of HufTelsheim 
in a wager^ by emptyii^g, at a draft, 
a jack-boot full of wine. 

II , B^ldr-irltitilfu is & large firm of old 
reputfl;, wkli extensive t'eUaiS vfbich 
ma^y bo iiiapeoted at any tima. 

BINGEN. 

POPDLATfOX: 10,000- 

flOTI£LS: VletorU, a well-known Acd 
t'^oJoBB bou^e^ near tbe rail way stntiou, 
is tbe property of So h err lirolh^t witDS- 
growers aud merchants, omuitiua in^^t^ 
traiuB at EJngerbrnck; Hllidorft a com- 
fortably appiacit&d iiouso, fiituated on 
the Market FJace. 

Thra celebrated old Hessian lown, 



tying at the confluence of th« ^fatlQ*j 
witb the Rhine, and on the left bank] 
of the latter, does a thriving trade in 
Rhenish wjnes* Its most noteworthy 
building is 

The Parish Chttrch, a Gothic 
building of the 14tb cent., having a 
Romanesque crypt and dating back 
to the 11 lb century; tbe font, which 
is also Gothic, is worth seeing. 

EXCUBNIONS: fl) To Klopp CMtle, 
ovedLJoktug Xh6 towo* The iQUudHtiona 
dare hack to Eomau tinieai find the 
b'lldhig, wbt«h ivaH destroyed by tbe 
French 1q the 17O1 ceutary, and re- 
ereotod in 1^51, is now the property of 
tbe town. It having been bought by tbe ,' 
munielpBl auihorltien on account of ' 
itff CO I inaction with JLais^r Hdnry IV^ 
who waa taken prisoner here by hia 
own a in. 

Tlw tower cont&iua & oolleotlon of ] 
antiquities. 

Aroand tbe Caatle, there once lay «» 
moat, which huii. now been eonvert<!?d 



Bingen o, Rhein. Bingen o, Rhein. 

VICTORIA HOTEL. 



LBSADINQ AMEHTCAN HOUSK 



3419 



SOHEHH n HOT 11*^ Fropr. 



into pretty groaxidai the terrac^i) as 
well aa the tower, affordi & beautifal 
prospect. 

(2) To Bochni CapeUe ^U bonrX the 
rOTite (which is well marked) pMsing 
alon^Bide the chnrohyard: it offers & 
fine view of the Rheingan and comme- 
moratea the plague of 1666^ On the 
third or fonrth Sunday in Aogust^ 
a great leaat t«kei place on the sijot, 
mufiy thonaandfl of pofHcnB aj»embling 
to Be« the relicfl ot StJ. Knpert, Wig- 
be rt and BertbaT then ebown by the 
prifosts; at t^vbjiriaehkepff the western 
gnmmit of the hillj an exteDBive pio- 
apoct opens out. 

(H) AcniiSR tha o^d Drums Kridge, to 
BiNGfiKJiKUCK (PUP.: 1,800) on the 
left bank of the Nahe, and in oroasing 
to which, a short trip can be made to 
BOMdel» a fine point of view. Binger- 
briiok, whioh is the railway janctiou 
for the Valley of the Nahe, Strasburg 
and Switzerland, contains a protestant 
ohurch, in Gothic style, and a Roman 
oathoiio chnrch, in Bomanesqae style. 
Tbe place is, moreover, a centre from 
which pretty trips, saoh as to Elliem- 
hobe, Prlnsenkopf and DaHlaukopfy 
may be undertaken. 



(i) To tha H inset hnrao , a famous 
tower standing upon au island in tba 
middle of the Bihine beyond Biuger- 
briick: it is some B'JO yearn old^ and 
appears to have obtained ita name from 
an old German word which signified 
either a weapon or an outlook ; but 
the name was corrupted, and gave 
riae to a legend which say a that a 
certain Bishop HattCF, who had burned 
a number i>f poor people in a ham, 
was {^hae^ed by mice aa far as the tower 
aod there devoured. Another version 
of the saga is that the bis Imp, aft^r 
having b#e-a for many years followed 
by the micflT, built the tower here, in 
tha middle of the Stream in order to 
escape his tormentors. 

This latter legend receives <. r 
from the character of the strean ,t 
this spot; the Rhine, becoming : > 
rower and narrower, rushes here »- 
tween its banks in dangerous ra is 
and whirl-pools ; so that the place • 
obtained the name of Binger L i. 
For many years efforts have been i e 
to widen the stream; but, so fa it 
has not been found possible to er< a 
landing-stage for stecuners ct^ " \A 
Aasmannshaosen. 



264 



(6) To SalBkopf, a three bonr's tour, 
vhich is rewarded by an extensive 
prospect: lastly, to ElUenhSbe, a hill 
oveTlooking the Rhine from a height of 
gib feet. 

[For continuation of Riiine oee 
route 29]. 

28 A: From BiNGERBROCK up tlie 

VALLEY OF THE NAME with 
KREUZNACH & iWONSTER-AM-STEiN. 

KREUZNACH. 

POPULATION: 21,350. 

HOTELS: Hotel KnrhaiiSy situated 
ia the centre of the Kur" park and 
possessing own sjprings, salt batlis, 
vapour baths and inhalation rooms on 
the premi8<*s; Oranienhof isawell'known 
bouse standing in extensive grounds on 
a high and healthy spot and enjoying the 
patronage of royalty and nobility, — irs 
baths are supplied Irom the Oranien 
Spring, which is the strongest mineral 
spring in Kreuznach and the property 
of the hotel, charges moderate; Boyal 
and d'Angleterrcy lately re - built and 
beautifully situated in its own large 
grounds opposite the "Kur'* Garden, — 
tennis lawns; PriTsteHot. Imboff-Loew, 
l«t class, fieimily hou>e, all modem com- 
forts, covered dining- terrace; dn Nord; 
Dbpil-Sehmidt; KanKenberg; del'Eorope. 

BO ABDIN0-H0U8ES: Tills Aeglr; 
Tilla Aofmsta ans'm Wcerth; Kaaffmaan; 
J[« Gt* Beininger; Kipper Ac. 

CABS: Within town and to Bailway 
Station, for 2 pers. SO pf. or 1 mk. (two- 
horsed) for A pers. 1.20 mk. or 1.50 mk. 
A broken hour, it not exceeding 15 min., 
is not to be charged. 

ENeL. CHURCH: Adjoining Paulus- 
kirche. Divine worship, Sundays at 
ir]6 a. m. and 5*15 p.m. 

KUBTAXE: 1 pers. 18 mks., 2 pers. 
25 mks., every addU member of family 
6 ml«s., servants free. 

POST OPFICK : 20 Post St. During the 
season 16 Sebloss St. also. 

ENTEBTAINHENTS: Kor Orchestra of 
40 musicians; Knr Theatre; Shooting; 
Trout-fishing; Lawn Tennis; BoHting; 
Reunions; Aquatic Gorsos; Children's 
yAk^g. Racing; Symphony Concerts; 
] -'nations «o. 

UZNACH is an important spa, 
1 ; in the beautiful and romantic 
' y of the Nahe^ some 10 miles 
j its confluence with the Rhine. 

idyllic situation of the town, 
1 ling among wooded and vine-clad 
1 ♦'^gether with the celebrity of 

i -js, attracte about 10,000 



patients annuall3^ The town itself 
consists of two parts, — the Neustadt, 
lying on the left bank of the Nahe, 
and the Altstadt, on the right bank, 
the two sections being joined by a 
bridge, from which a picturesque 
view is obtained. This bridge is an 
old stone structure supporting a 
number of dwelling-houses and em- 
bellished with a cross and a statue 
of St. Nepomuk. 

Among other sights of the place is 
the Pauluskirche, built on the site 
of the old edifice demolished by the 
French in 1689; the ruins of the choir 
have been preserved in the English 
Church. The school in Kreuz St. 
contains the Museum of the Anti- 
quarian Society. There is a column 
to ^Bismarck on Bismarck PI. An- 
other monument — a spirited sculpture 
by Cauer — depicts Michel Mort the 
butcher, saving his country's ruler, 
Count John of Sponheim, who has 
been wounded in battle against the 
Archbishop of May ence. In 1893, ex- 
cavations in HUjffelsheinter Ckaussee 
revealed an excellently - preserved 
mosaic floor: it is Roman work re- 
presenting fighting gladiators. 

But the centre of attraction is, 
naturally, the 'Kurhaus', with its beauti- 
ful Park : the latter is delightfully laid 
out with gardens and fountains, and 
embellished with avenues. During the 
season, an excellent band, consisting 
of 40 musicians, plays thrice daily, the 
moving throng of listeners presenting 
a most motley aspect. At one end 
of the Park is the Elisabeth Quelle, 
which is the principal spring, and 
rises beneath a tasteful tabernacle. 

The sprmgs are seventeen in 
number, of which three are strongly 
saline, the Oranien Quelle contain- 
ing over lA^/o of sodium chloride. 
Some of them rise naturally 
from the faults in the porphyr}', 
some from borings over 700 feet 
deep. The temperature of the 
Elisahethquelle is 12® C, that of 
the Karlshalle Hauptquelle 2A^ C. 



266 



Hotel Oranienhof. 



Kreuznach. 

A well-known, extensively pa- 
tronised establishment, visited 
y. Highest and Healthiest Position, In extensive Grounds. Mineral Baths. Parlours. 



kiusic and Billiard Rooms. The Oranien Spring (the strongest Mineral Spring in KreuznacH^ 
is the property of the Hotel. LIFT. ELECTRIC LIGHT. MODERATE CHARGES. 
1984 H. D. AliTEN, formerly at Meurice's Paris. 



The waters of the Elisabeth and 
Oranien Springs are employed medi- 
cinally, — those of the others for 
bathing purposes. The curative effects 
of the waters lie in their possessing 
salts of sodium, lithium*^ bromium 
and iodine. 

The baths, strengthened by the 
addition of the celebrated "Kreuz- 
nacher Mutterlauge", are administered 
in most comfortably-appointed hotels 



and bathing establishments situated 
in the charming viila-quarter. 

Bat the spa does not depend merely 
npon its waters for its reputation. Pro- 
tected effectaally trom the bleak winds 
of the north, its climate is so mild and 
excellent that almonds, peaches & grapes 
of excellent quality flourish in the valley; 
while t^e neighbourhood, being an ex-^ 
ceedingly pretty one, affords opportunity 
for makiner some nMst delightful - 

EXCURSIONS: (1) Between the Nahe 
and the J}llerbach, at whose confluenoe 
the town lies, there rises a hill called 



Grand Prize 
St. Louis 1904 




Goid Medal 
Paris 1900 



22 litteliste Aasseiclinansreii. 22 lilirliest Awards. 

The "German Agricultural Society** awarded in 1901, 1903 and 1905 the 
«IiABGE BBOBTZE MEDAfi" 

to Eccardt*s own growth Wines for Purity and Durability (tropic proof). 

Rhine, Nahe, Moselle, Saar and Pfalz Wines 

== In Casks and in Bottles. 

CREccardt. 

WINE GROWERS & SHIPPERS ^ COURT PURVEYORS 

Kloster-Kellerei KREUZNACH (Rhineland). 
Sole Proprietors of the Wine £states: 

"Waltershof", "Grafenstcin", "Klosterbcrg", 
— "Fclsencck", ''Eccardt's Kauzenbcrg" — 

3288 SPECIALITY: EXPOET to aU Countries. 

-^ Ijargest Shippers of German l¥ine8 *^ 

to America since 1865. 

SOLE-AGENTS FOR THE U. S, A 

HARTMAN, GOLDSMITH & CO, 57 Warren Str, NEW YORK 

SAMPLE SHIPMENTS: Selection and quantity as convenient 

266 



Sao kreuznach. 

Private Hotel Imhoff-Loew. 

Irt CLASS FAMILY PENSION. Opeoed October 1905. Every modern comforL ModeralB 

lernu. Large covered a id lag- terrace. New talt-wAter baths. LifU 
flop,: R. Loew, ]iin.f formurly co-proprietor of Hfltel Loew> Bad MQnster-tm-SteiiT. 




f- 



SpleMdld 'Kvr* SstobllsMHMiis. Nmnerout Enter- ^ 

teinments. Season l»t May tiU 30tt September. nfl ^'^ 

Winter Season. «<Krensn«clier Hntter- ^ioO ^. ^ 

Isnire" and 'EilzAbetli' Hlnerea Waters ^^ S** u* t' ^Ati^** 

despatched to aU parti. Iiai'^ ^'n-"^ A**^*^^ JS^ 

For prospectus apply to ^^a ' B**® **^ ^ 

•KirB.TEBWAI.TI71f€»'. ^fj^^ ^i^^"^^ Thermal 

^^iflS^^. •»*^^^ »prlnr», containing 

« aWIa^TT^* Br©nUde«,I©dldee, Salts 

"^ "^ #^ ^^••^ ^' liltWum and ClUorldes. Wo 

^^«^ rypsnm. Celebrated Krensnaeli 

Motlier-l je from the Karl and Theodor Saline 

springs. Steam and Hot-air Baths. Carbonic -acid Baths. 

Mud-baths and electric -light -baths. Inhalation Rooms. 

Drink Kur'. ■ • \ Grape and •Terrain Knr». \ m 



^* 



'•^ 



%^ 



I 



BAD KREUZNACH. 

Hotel Koxrhatis. 



66 



59 



1986 GENTEEL FAMILY HOTEL 

in fine situation, modem comfort, moderate prices. Only house 
attached to the official Bathing Establishment 

II FINEST C17ISINB IBT THE BBSOBT. ■ 

Prospectus free on application to the Proprietor. 



Kansenbergr: it is crowned with the 
ruins of Sponheim Castle (destroyed by 
the French in 1689), and offers a fine 
prospecst of the surroundinff country. 
(2) To the saline works oalled Karl's 
Halle and Theodor's Halle, whioh lie 
on the opposite bank of the river and 
respectively at the foot of Kuhbere and 
Haardt Hill. The road to them is the 
Salinen St., which, a short distanoe be- 
yond Theodoras Halle, enters 

MONSTER - AM ^ STEIN^ (HOTEL j 
Hotel * Pension Zipp, lat class, adjacent 
to Kurgarden and springs, modem con- 
veniences and appointments, large 
grounds, moderate charges), reached by 
rail from Kreuznach in 10 minutes, 
is a spa and health-resort of great 



renown beautifully situated in the 
valley of the Nahe. Its saline springs 
are used with good effect for skin 
diseases, rachitis, catarrh, rheuma- 
tism, female complaints &c. 

Baths are to be had in all the houses, 
the water of the hot spring being con- 
ducted to them. As an adjunct to the 
baths, Kreusnach mother -lye, which 
is obtained here on the spot, is used. 
There are also appliances for inhalation 
(s^^stem Wassmuth & Jahr). Excellent 
milk from Swiss cows is to be had. 

There are plenty of hotels and private 
boarding-houses comfortably fitted -up 
with modem apiiointments, e. g. i^«^i«. 
rooms and electric light. 



Hotel ® Pension Zipp, "".'f 

FIRST-CLASS. Every modern comfort. 45 elegantly appointed rooms. 
15 balconies. Open situation, 1 minute from Kur^arten and Springs. 
Extensive grounds. Covered terrace. Excellent cuisine. Full board 
and lodging from SVt Marks upwards. Room for one night, 3 Mka. 
Breakfast i Mk. W. ZIPP. Proprieto' 



I 



r 

E PrioM naif from 6 to SO ICuki 

I A-d»y for room and full board; b«ttor 

I arrangomantB for longer time. First-rate 

\ tennis grounds and roads for bicycling. 

A very good band playa daily and fine 

artists* concerts and other amosementa 

are provided. Aqnatio sports are to 

be bad, snob as fishing, boating and 

swimming. The village is sarrounded 

by well -wooded bills, some of which 

are crowned with the interesting mins 

of old castles. 

BXCUBSIONSt (1) Botberifels (1 honr. 
Alt: 1,072 feetX an almost vertical rook 
of porphyry, affordiog a fine view op 
the valley; (2) Gaas HUl (1,061 feet), 
the route bemg by the ferry near the 
Miinster salt-works and, thence, through 
the wooded Hiitten Dale and past the 
grand and sheer clifT called Bheiegnfea- 
stein with the castle-ruins of the same 
name; (S) Eberubarg, a pictaresque ruin, 
perched on a beetling crag above the 
stream, in whose limpid waters it is 
reflected; (4) AUenbanmburg (IV4 brs.X 
dismantled by the French in 16dU. 

»9: The RHINE from BINGEN to 

6EISENHEIII, ELTVILLE, BIEBRICH 

and MAYENCE. 

FOR PRCCEDIliO REACHES OF RWNS 
SEE ROUTE 28. 

OEISENHEIH (POP. s 8,60a — 
HOT.: Fraakfteter Hof) is an aneient 
& pretty place, containing a late-Gk>thie 
church built in the 16th cent, but with 
a porch and tower by Hoffmann added 
in 188& The Bathaas, with the grand 
old lime-tree in front of it, is also note- 
worthy. Oeisenheim is renowned for 
its wines, Bothenbereer (so-called from 
the colour of the hiU upon which it is 
grown) being the most celebrated. 

A little beyond the town lies the 
viUage of J0HANNI8BKBC1, over-looked 
by a castle of the same name and which 
crowns a vine-clad hill 000 ft. in height. 

ELTVILLE. 

POP. I 4,000. — ALT.: 800 feet. 
HOTKLt Beiseabaeb. 

ELTVILLE is historically interesting 
from its connection with the Arch- 



bishops of Mayenee. It also possesses 
s large number of fine private houses 
and a late-Gotbic tower, the latter being 
the remains of a mediaeval castle. 

BIEBRICH (POP.: le^OOa— HOTILS: 
BelleTueiNassaa), an industrial town, 
on the right bank of the Rhine, pos- 
sesses some considerable factories. 
It is the steamboat station for Wies- 
baden (see route 16), and a favour- 
ite excursion from that spa and from 
Mayenee. The town contains s finely- 
wooded park, in which stands a castle. 

MAYENCE. 

POPULATION: 87,400. 

HOTELS: Hof Ton Hellsnd; Pfilser* 
hof; Bhelniseher Hof; Engltseber Hofl 
Hataierhofy well - situated , comer of 
Station and Park Sts., eleotrio light, 
lift A»., moderate terms. 

CABS: Single -horse, from 60 pf. to 
70 pf. per 16 min.; 9 mks. per hour 
pair-horse about Vi sxtra. 

U. 8. C0N8.S Hanr Walter Sehuaaan, 
87 Taunus St. 

POST OFPlClt Auf dam Brand and 



adjoining station. 
8TADT- 



•THBATBB9 opan from 18*^ of 
Sept. till 15tii of April. 

BLBCTBIG TBAMWATt Complete with- 
in the town. In course oonstruotion to 
Wiesbaden and other places. 

MAYENCE, a strongly fortified city 
opposite the mouth of the Main, 
is a celebrated old place containing 
numerous quaint and beautiful build- 
ings. 

The Cathedral, near the centre of 
the old town, dates back, in its 
main parts, to the 11*1\ century, the 
western portion of the transept, with 
the large dome, the principal choir, 
and a few other parts, having been 
added in 1239. Its most interesting 
points are the main porch, with 
bronze doors of the 10^1^ cent., and 



ITEL MAiNZERHOF. 



^ MAYENCE ^ 



Comer of Station and Park 

Streets. Finest situatioo of the 

Renowned House, first-class, with srery comfort Well-known for its good Wines 

and Cooking. Good senrice aad aiodsrats charges. Klectric Light 29f4 

-*ta Stigler). Central Heating. Pr«prl«l«vt OBOBO HOOK. 

909 



/ 



the group of towers and turrets. 
Moreover, the vaulting of the interior, 
supported upon 56 pillars, produces 
a deep sense of solemnity. There 
are also numerous tombs and monu- 
ments, the principal of them belong- 
ing to the 16 th cent. The transept 
contains, among other interesting 
statues, SchivantkaJer*s Frauenlob, a 
marble monument to the minnesinger 
Heinrich von Meissen. 

A little to the S.W. of the Markt, 
where an old fountain (1626) stands, 
is Gutenberg PL, named after the 
great printer and embellished with 
his statue, executed in 1837 by Thor- 
waldsen. The Gutenberg Museum 
was opened 1901. 

The north-western side of the square 
is occupied by the Theatre; while, 
south westwards, is a square adorned 
with a statue of Schiller, from which 
it takes its name. 

Along the banks of the Rhine runs 
one of the finest promenades of this 
famous stream, well -planted with 
trees and having a large number of 
steamboat piers and several bathing- 
places. At its south-eastern end is 
the large Military Hospital: right 
in the middle of the promenade 
is situated the Stadthalle, containing 
one of the largest saloons of Ger- 
many: some distance beyond it, and 
opposite the head of the bridge, is 
the Armory and the Grand- Ducal 
Palace ; whije between Schlossthor 
and Kaiserthor rises the Electoral 
Palace, now in course of renovation 
at a cost of 900,000 mks. This fine 
building is the depository of some 
valuable collections, namely, Roman 
and Teutonic Antiquities, a Picture 
Gallery and a Library, The first 
of these is very extensive and valu- 
able, among the picture^s being not 
a few that are well worth seeing: 
the most striking specimens are works 
by Jan Steen, Ruysdael, Dirk Hals, 



Jordaens, Dtirer, Teniers, Mabuie 
and Thorwaldsen. The Library ia 
open Wed. and Sat. 9—4 o'clock 
and on other days, 9 — 1 o'clock. It 
contains 180,000 volumes, including 
4,500 incunabula by Gutenberg, Fust, 
Schoffer &c. 

In Grosse Bleiehe, at the eastern 
corner is the Concerthaus der Lieder- 
iafel, built by Ch. Riihl and con- 
taining large restaurant: half-way up 
the street there is a fine fountain. 
Passing out of Schloss PL northwest- 
wards, we reach Kaiser Si, lined 
with a splendid avenue, and containing 
the noteworthy Christuskirche and 
the Imperial Bank, 

Most of the finest buildings, how- 
ever, lie in the southern part of the 
town (Altstadt). Next to those al- 
ready mentioned, the most important 
are the following:— 

Johannes Kirche, a little to the 
S.W. of the Cathedral ; northwards, 
across Bishop PI., stands the Epis- 
copal Palace: St Quintin*s Church, 
in Schuster St. Outside the city, to 
the S., stands the Citadel, in whose 
S.W. corner rises an old Roman 
tower called the Eigelstein, and bear- 
ing also the name of Drususthurm, 
after the general in commemoration 
of whose death here in A. D. 9 it 
was erected. 

Mayence is an important industrial 
centre possessing very extensive 
champagne cellars and doing a brisk 
trade in preserves, leather, beer &c. 
It has direct communication with 
Darmstadt, Frankfort o. M., Wies- 
baden &c. 

Near the Central Station are the 
offices of the "Auskunftsbureau fur 
Fremde", 60 Schiller St:, where 
Americans and others may ob 
assistance and information. 

At Binger Gate lies the cemet< 
containing some fine monuments 
a handsome crematory. 



Q Qeaeral OfAcet of the HtmbHrg- American Line: J. F. Hillebrantf 

270 



r 



aO: From MAYENCE to HOCHHEIM, 

OPPENHEIM, WORMS, FftANKEN- 

THAL, LUOWieSHAFEN, MANNHEIM 

and HEIDELBERG. 

HOCHHEIM on the Main. 

POP.: 8,00 \ — HOTEL: SebiVM. 

HOCHHEIM lies on the slopes of 
the Taunus and close to the river 
Main. It is famous for its delicious 
wines, known as Hochheimer, and 
has, indeed, given its name to a 
whole class of wines in the English 
word *hock'. 

OPPENHEIH (POP. : 4,000. - HOT. : 
zom Bitter) is an industrial town 
picturesquely situated near the left 
bank of the Rhine. It is renowned 



for its excellent wine, called Oppcn- 
heimer GoMberg, and contains some 
interesting buildings, the most impor- 
tant of which is St Catherine's 
Church, a fine Gothic edifice dating 
back to the middle of the 13^ cent. 
The War Monument at Markt PI. 
is also of interest; while about 
40 minutes distant from the station 
are the picturesque ruins of tlie old 
castle of Landskron. The spot affords 
an extensive and beautiful view. 

WORMS. 

POPCLATION: ii.OOO. 

HOTEL: Alter Kaiser, central gitna- 
tioD, renovated, modern comfort, motor- 
car shed. 



WORMS o/Rhine Founded 1786 

P. ]. Valckenberg ^ " 

WINE GROWER AND MERCHANT 
COURT PURVEYOR 

HAMBURG AGENT: Stephan Sengitaok, 84 Catharlnen St. 
NEW YORK AGENT: Fredk. de Bary & Co. 



SOLE PROPRIETOR 

of the 

Llebfraumllch • Enclos - 

Klostergarien and the 

Luglnsland. 

Owner of Vineyards In 

Llebfraustfft and 

Kattenloch. 

Purveyor to the 

Hamburg- 
Rmerican Line. 



WORMS, now a thriving industrial I Sf, PauVs Church and St. Paul's 



town, was once a free and imperial 
city in which the emperors were 
crowned, and it still contains nume- 
rous tokens of former days« 
The principal sights are: — 
-The Cathedral of St. Peter, a 
magnificent specimen of Romanesque 
architecture, and a striking struc- 
ture with a long nave and transept, 
' towers , two cupolas , two 
irs and a grand porch. The 
idations were probably laid in 
9th cent. ; but the main building, 
ibed to Bishop Burkhard, is 

century work. 
'. Martin's and St. Andrew's, 
Romanesque churches, likewise 
ig back to Bishop Burkhard*s day. 



Museum contain interesting col- 
lections including a unique Luther 
Library. 

The Church of Our Lady (Lieb- 
frauenkirche) , at the extreme N. of 
the town, is a late-Gothic edifice of 
exceptional grace and beauty, which 
has recently undergone a thorough 
restoration: its porch is embellished 
with figures representing the wise 
and foolish virgins. 

Around the church is grown the 
celebrated wine known as Lleb- 
fraumllch , the largest vineyards 
being the property of Messrs. P. J. 
Valckenberg, Limited. The firm 
was founded in the year 1786; 
and it is chiefly owing to their 



271 



cultivation and care that the Lieb- 
fraumilch wines have grown so 
famous. In the course of their 
long existence Messrs. Valckenberg 
have become the owners of the 
finest vineyards of the district, in^ 
eluding the **Klostergarten" and the 
"Luginsland"; the former produces 
the best Liebfraumilch , — the 
latter is a very famous hill that 
shuts in Worms to the south and 
yields some of the most delicious 
wines of the Rhine. 

The Synagogue, with the Raschi- 
kapelle, is a very interesting llth cent, 
building in Romanesque style. 

But perhaps the greatest attrac- 
tion of Worms is its connection 
with Luther, who, summoned be- 
fore the diet here, uttered the 
memorable words **f>ier ftelje id^, 
id? fanii nic^t anbers, (Sott Ijelfe mir, 
2lmcn !'* The statue of the great 
reformer will be found close to the 
Neue Thor. 

Finally, there are the Trinity and 
Friedrich Churches, the Bismarck 
Monument, the Ludwig Monument 
and the two handsome bridges that 
span the Rhine. 

FRANKENTHAL. 

POPULATION: 17,000. 
HOTEL: Ksufmann. 

FRAN KENT HAL is an industrial 
town situated some distance from 
the Rhine, and at the junction of 
the Ludwigshafen and Gross Karl- 
bach railways. 

LUDWIGSHAFEN. 

POPULATION: 70.000. 
HOTBL: Drei Mooren. 

LUDWIGSHAFEN is a large 
manufacturing town on the left bank 
of the Rhine, with two interesting 
Churches, respectively catholic and 
protestant. 

The town is connected, by a hand' 
some bridge, with its larger neigh- 
bour, Mannheim. 



MANNHEIM. 

POPULATION: 161.000. 

II01;EL: Park-Hotel, a palati&l strtir- 
ture erected in i»01 at Friedrichs Pkta, 
and replete with every conceivabl» 
comfort, 110 rooms, many of vliioU 
have baths adjoining. 

CABS: From landiDg:-8tRge or btfttioii 
50 pf.— I.IO mk. (1—4 pers.) Drii^e in 
town Vi hour, 60 pf— 00 pf.; Vi hour, 
80 pP.-1.20 mk.; *U hour, 1.20 »ik.-1.60 
mk..(l-4 pers.). 

BANK: Dreidner Bank, Fllfale, P. %. 
No. 12, is warmly recommended. 

U. 8. CONS.: Saml. H. ShAali» Esq. 

POST OFF.: O.^ 6/7 an den PlaukeTi. 

HAMBUBG-AHERICANLINB: Genoral 
Offices, L. 14, No. 19. 

MANNHEIM is the second town 
in the Grand Duchy of Baden. It 
lies at the confluence of the Neckar 
with the Rhine. The inner town 
is built in squares and surrounde^i 
by boulevards that form, as it were^ 
an ar^h, with its base r^isting 
upon the Schlossgarten (that shuts it 
off from the Rhine) and its crown 
touching the Neckar, where a bridge 
joins it with Ried Station and the 
Neckar Garden. The whole area 
contains 21 numbered and lettered 
blocks with 10 streets running 
horizontally to the base and 1 1 
vertically. Lines of electric tramvi'^ay 
cross the town in two directions, 
the one from the Neckar Bri.ige 
to the Grand Ducal Schloss (Palace), 
the other joining the Rheinthor 
to VVasserthurm , where it turns to 
the right and runs down to the 
chief railway station, a large and 
handsome building in the south oT 
the town, opposite the end of 
Kaiserring. 

A short distance up this boule- 
vard we pass a statue of Bismarck^ 
and, in five minutes, reach the fan. 
Friedrichs PL, containing an ei 
mous water-tower 56 metres 
height. 

This beautiful spot is laid out 
gardens (Rosengarten) and borJt 
by arcades, the Festhalle and 
still unfinished Museum. The ' 
of all these is in keeping wit'^ 



1 



272 



The FcsihaHe,' one of the chief 
sights of the place, designed and 
builf by Bruno Scbmita of Bt^rlin in 
the yesr 1902» It contnins a Musen- 
Niebeiungcn, a very large hall on the 
ground door and a theatre: this last 
is a reinarkabfe work of art with 
a ceiling rtprese riling the 12 conslel- 
lations. The hall on Ihe ground 
floor is capable of accommodating 
ran ftudienee of 7^000 and a choir 
of 2,000 ; there IB also a concert- 
room seating J ,500 persons- 

From Friedrichs Pi. the walk through 
the beautiful ring may be continued 
right round the town to the Rhine 
Bridge ; but the principal buildings 
lie in the interior of the town, h is 
therefore adviisable to follow the 
new tramway line running from the 
Water Tower through Heidelberg St. 



to **die Plsnken", a beautiful avenue 
in the centre of the to^n. Here, on 
our left, in bfock O 2, stands the 
Gen, 1^0 St Of I ice in Rtn a i usance style. 
The adjoining .square (0 1) is the 
pretty Parade PL with a Pyramid 
cominemoraiing the devastation of 
the Palatinate^ and a marble and 
bronze fountain. Block N 1 contains 
tiie Kaufhaus with tower and (ircadcs* 
Hence follow the tramway south to 
The Palace, a large edifice in 
Barocco style, buflt during the iS^b 
century. It is a vast edifice of red 
sandstone, with ^5U rooms and up- 
wards of 2,000 windows. Of its 
five mam entrances that ai thi 
commencement of Breiten St. ia the 
one mostly used. The courtyard is 
embellished wiih two fine alti'^nrical 
fountains and a monument to the 



MANNHEIM. 



Park- Hotel. 



LEADING HOOSE. SPLH.SDIU SITUATION. EVERY AIDDKRN mMFOl^T 
AUTO-rwARAGE. 



Emperor William L The interior of 
the building contains some excellent 
picture Galleries^ with specimens of 
Rubens^ Teniers, RuysdaeS, Achenbachj 
Lenbach (Bismarck portraiOt Feuer- 
bach (Medea with the Dagger &c.), 
a number of Piaster CasUs ; a Col* 
lection of Antiquities; a Museum of 
Natural History; a Reading Room; 
and a Library installed in a beau- 
tlfuHy decorated hall. Beyond the 
castle lies the extensive and delightful 
nark with charming walks and paths, 
ugh the castle grounds a railway 
ict runs up to the Mannheim- 
"'gshafen Bridge, 

the N.Wp corner of the Palace 
.. the BumptuouB Jesuitenkirche 
;k A 4); while block B 3 ts 
pied by the Hof and National 
Iter and statues of Schiller, Iffland 
■^nlberg, the last being the 



theatrical Manager who first pro- 
duced Schiller's dramas (The Robbers, 
Fie SCO &c.) 

Adjoining the Jesuitenkirche are 
the Observatory and the pleasant 
Stadtpark; and, a Utile to the norths 
in block C 5, is the Zsughaus 
(armory), a building of considerable 
architectural intt«resl and now thfl 
property of the town. On ks 
northern side will be found a mo- 
nument to the warriors of 1813 (cf. 
introduction to Germany) and, close 
by, a statue of Moltke; while west- 
wards, between Lutsennng and block 
E 7, 13 the fine allegorical monument 
of 1870—71: beneath is a wounded 
lion — above, a flying figure bearing 
the imperial crown. 

Returning eastwards between E 7 
and F 7 we reach the Bourse (E 4), 
an imposing edifice designed by 

B ta. 



Koohler and Karch. From here norCh- 
warJs to Trinity Church (G 4) and 
then, between blocks F and G, to F 2 
with the Synagogue, a richly orna- 
mented structure in Byzantine style. 

The adjoining square (F 1) is oeonpied 
by the Ratbaus, in front of which there 
is a monument to the founding of Mann- 
heim. 

Hence, between bloolEB Q and It, we 
pass, on our left, the Cuncordienkirohe 
Hnd the public hospitable, and soon find 
ourselves in Friedrichsring with Fried- 
lich'iplatz hnrd by. 

HEIDELBERG. 

POPULATION: 49.200. 

HOTELS (near the Castle): Sehloss- 
Hdtel 9 1st class , situated above the 
Castle, and in direct connection with 
Schlossgarten^ thoroughly renovated: it 
contains a biUiard-room, bath-rooms, 
a number of beautiful drawing and 
sitting rooms, and a magnificent dining- 
room, opening on-to two large terraces. 



Omnibus meets all 'trains. Carriatres 
on the premises; Sehlossbdtel Bolle- 
Toe is another 1«* class concern in a 
quiet spot with magnificent outlook 
and in direct connection with Scbloss- 
Hotel. Specially suitable for lengthy 
stay. Newly fittei bath-house, gym- 
nasium &o. Tennis -lawn. Billiard- 
rooms. Winter Garden &o. Large 
terrace, moderate charges. Omnibus 
meets all trains. Carriages on the 
premises. 

In the town: Tietorla, l«t class, entirely 
renovated, beautiful situation amid 
gardens, — concerts in summer daily, — 
lar^e terrace with restaurant, — suites 
with new baths, motor-oar shed; Prias 
Csrly famous l>t class house, centrally 
situated, all modern comforts, motor- 
car shed; Hotel de I'Evropey l«t class; 
Bfetropolcy lit class, quite new, on 
Promenade near station, moderate terms, 
-- boarding; Hot. Sehrieder, l^t class, 
opposite station; Hot. k Pens. Harrer, 
82 Anlage (Leopold StX beautiful situa- 
tion, modern comfort, moderate charges; 
Lang, good family house, 1 min. from 
station, modern comfort, moderate prices. 



HEIDELBERG. 



MOTEL VICTORIA. 



3548 



First-class in every respect. Beautifully located amid gardens. Concerts. Large 
I'errace-restaurant. Suites with baths. Auto-garage. C. Mfiller, prop. 



B0ABI>INe-H0U8ES: Private Hotel A 
Pens. Alt-Heidelberg, 29 Kohrbacher St., 
newly - appointed bouse near central 
stRtion, electric light &c.: Pens. Bean 
Sejoar, 8t) Anlafire (Leopold St.), very 
comfortable, moderate terms, close to 
station. 

BESTAUBANTS: Hotel Harrer (Wine- 
Restaurant), well recommended; Artns- 
hof adjoining Hotel Lang, modem 
structure. Excellent beer and wines. 
Garden and terrace. 

C A B8 : Between station and town, and 
within latter, from 60 pf. to 1.20 mk 

BATHS: In Meekar, between bridges. 

ENGL. €HIJBCH: 46 Flock St.; Rev. 
E. T. Bird, 7 Kuno Fischer St. Sun. 8.0 
a.m., 11.0 a.m, 6.8 J p.m. H.C. ev. Sun 
8.0 a. m., l*t and 8'^ Sun., noon. 

POST OFFICE: Opposite station. 

THE4TBE: Stadt-Theater. 

CONCEBTS: Stadt Halle, finely-located 
on the river-banks, is fitted with sinkable 
platform similar to that at Bayreath. 

LADIES' DBESSES: L. Mayer, form- 
erly Haupt St., now in Anlage (purveyor 
to the Imperial anl Royal Court). This 
hou^e, whose head concern is at Baden- 
Baden, sets the fashions in Germany 



It has newly-appointed saloons and is 
well worth seeinsr. 

LEATHEB GOODS: A. Beinehr, 157 
Haupt St., is recommended for trunks, 
em]»oBsed leather wares &c. 

HEIDELBERG, with its wonderful 
castle ruins, is situated in a lovely 
spot, at the entrance to the valley 
of the Neckar and not far from the 
lordly Rhine. Founded probably in 
the early days of the Christian era, 
it is hoary with historical reminis- 
cence and ancient tradition. Conrad 
of Hohenstaufen made it his residence; 
and it remained the capital of " 
Rhenish Palatinate for 500 years, 
has belonged to Baden from 18 

Tne town lies on the south 
bank of the river : at its western t 
is the Railway Station with, cl 
by, in Berkheimer St., the Botant 
Garden: between Berkheimer 
and Haupt St. lies Bismarck Garc 



274 



HEIDELBERG. 



HOTEL FRINZ CARL. 

3272 FIRST-CIiASS CEIiEBRATED HOUSE, 

IN CENTRE OF TOWN AND AT FOOT OF THE CASTLE. 
EVERY MODERN COMFORT. AUTO-GARAGE. Paul Gartner, prop 




6 



275 



18* 




;icbloss»-H6l-€l, Heidelberg. 

WORLD-RENOWiNED FIRST-CLASS HOTEL, 
5161 a patronised by American and English Society. 

Uniaae position in own lartfe parK, close to the Castle. Only Hotel with a 
splendid view of the Castle rains, the town and the valley of the NecKar. 



ALL THE LATEST I A\ F RO V E AV E N TS. 

ROOMS AND SUITES WITH BATHS ATTACHED. 

RESTAURANT FRAN^AIS. 



OPEN-AIR RESTAURANT ON THE 

SPECIAL Jk UTO MOBILE HO USE. 

I Omnibus meets all trains. 



TERRACE. 



c;^i?R£iiRs£S9 tsiSSiciieSit^a t^nt&iicseH Kssiitis£itcissn ngsatissit^a toeHtasatusi aesat^asiwes 



containing a marble bust of the 
statesman by Donndorf. Turning 
southwards again, through Sophien 
St., we come to Neptune Garden, 
embellished with a fountain ; from 
here, eastwards, through Leopold St., 
lies VVrede Pi., named after Prince 
Carl von Wrede, whose staiue adorns 
I he square. At the further end of the 
street rises the spire of St. Peter's 
Church, a 15th cent, edifice restored 
in 1873. A little to the N. stands 
the University, which, founded by 



Rupert I, in 1386, is the oldest in 
Germany. The building was erected 
in 1711 to replace that burned down 
a few years previously. It contains 
a tastefully decorated Aula and the 
originarC^rc^r^* in which delinqu**"*** 
were formerly placed. The Libi 
is at 15 Augustiner Gasse, and 
eludes some 400,000 volumes 
several thousand manuscripts 
records. 

In Ludwig*s Square are situate 
the Museum and the Archceo" 



276 




J^chlosshdtel ;^ellevue, !$eidelberg. 

MAGNIFICENT CLIMATIC 
5161b AND HEALTH RESORT. 

First-class Establishment in connection with the Schloss- 
hotely fltted with all modern appointments and comfort. 

Splendid situation in the finest part of Heidelberg. 
- - Large grounds contiguous to the Castle park. - - 
=— EXCELLENT BATHING APPLIANCES. — 
Extensive terraces. Tennis courts. Select Orchestra. 
»>^-^-<-i^ litustrated bookiet and Plans on appHeatlon. mmb^-bb—bb 



- - UNDER THE SAME MANAGEMENT AS THE SCHLOSS HOTEL. - - 
Rsei»(sa}ias? noeat^p^n v^nv^ac^a c^avonicssen vasskvoeAP^n G^atusitissa eaaptsitusi 



iHstiiute: in the former building, 

on the third floor, is the exhibition 

of the Art Union. A few steps 

northwards is Haupt St., on reach* 

••"* which we turn to the right, 

soon find ourselves on the 

:t PL, in the centre of which 

Is the Church of the Holy 

ft, erected at the close of the 

L cent, under Rupert III. By a 

, built in 1705, it is divided 

two parts, the one being Pro- 

>t and the other Roman Catholic. 



The eastern side of Markt PI. is 
occupied by the Police Station and 
the Rathaus, the latter dating from 
1701 and containing a fine room 
decorated with frescoes by Linden- 
schmidt. From the northern side of 
the church, we pass through Stein 
Gasse to the head of the old bridge 
with its ancient gateway and towers: 
it is embellished with a statue of 
the Elector Carl Theodor under 
whom, in 1786, it was erected: the 
figures round the pedestal represent 



277 



theRhifte, XheNeckar, the Danube and 
the Moselle. Another statue is that of 
Minerva, also surrounded with alle- 
gorical figures. From the bridge, 
an admirable view of the river and 
its banks is obtained. On the 
northern bank is the Heiligenberg: 
down the river we get a glimpse of 
the new bridge; while, on the left 
hand, is Gaisherg^ surmounted by 
a Belvedere: * southeastwards , the 
grand ruins of the Old Castle over- 
look the town. 

This CASTLE (Schloss) may be 
reached, either by the rope railway 
from Korn Markt Station (35 pf.), 
or by cab (2 pers. 2.50 mks., 4 pers. 
3 mks., for single fare, the return 
fare being 4 *mks., irrespective of 
number): pedestrians may take a 
pleasant and easy road from the 
Korn Markt or from St. Peter's 



Church: a third route, via Burg- 
weg, is shorter and shadier, but 
somewhat steep. 

The tariff for viewing the Castle 
and the almost as celebrated great 
tun is, for 1 pers., 1 mk., for 2 or 
3 pers., 1.50 mk., for every add'f 
person 50 pf. 

This once lordly castle, still magni- 
ficent in decay, stands upon a 
wooded projection of the Konig- 
stuhli and dates back, doubtless, to 
the days of Conrad von Hohen- 
staufen. But the various buildings 
of which it' consists wefe added 
principally by Rupert III. (1400), 
Frederick I. and Ludwig V. (1544}; 
and, indeed, the building was not com- 
-pleted until the reign of Frederick V., 
son-in-law of James I. of Ertgland, 
During the Thirty Years' War, it 
suffered some slight damage; but it 



HEIDELBERG. 



Hotel Metropole. 

Entirely new first-class Hotel. Quietly situated on the promenade near station. 
Moderated Charges. Pension. 3525 H. L. FELLHEDEN, prop. 



was from the troops of Louis XIV. 
of France that it received its most 
serious injuries. Under Qouni Melac, 
they besieged both town and castle, 
and, on the 2nd March 1689, blasted 
the fortifications. Four years later, 
after the capitulation of Heidersdorf, 
both town and castle were re- 
duced to little better than a heap 
of stones and ashes. The stout 
walls of the Castle, however, still 
remained almost intact, and, under 
Carl Philip, partial restorations were 
undertaken; but, since the Castle 
was struck by lightning in 1764, 
no further attempts have been 
made to render it again habitable, 
and the wonderful ruins now stand, 
a sad witness recalling the eventful 
centuries during which the Castle 
flourished. 



278 



As we approach them from the 
Castle grounds we obtain an ex- 
cellent view of the two groups 
into which they fall. On the western 
and southern sides, is the simple 
Gothic building erected, chiefly, by 
Ludwig v.; while, to the N. and 
W., stand the richly decorated Re- 
naissance , erections. The parts of 
the first groups — ascribed to Lud- 
wig — are situated on the eastern 
side of the court-yard, and may be 
recognised by a tower with wind*"'" 
stair-way as well as by the coal 
arms. Attached to this part are 
ancient offices, such as the kitch 
slaughter - houses, bake - houses i 
and, finally, the barrack rooi 
with a picturesque Gothic hall i 
a wall. The parts added by Rup 
are marked by a fine imperial e' 




HBIDBLBBRG s=ss 

HOTEL LANG 

& Restaurant Artus Hot. 



In best position, 1 minute from 
Station. Every comfort. Electric 

light Steam-heating &c. 

Strictly moderate prices. 

Rooms from 2 Marks. 
FIRST-CLASS RESTAURANT, 

with excellent cuisine. 

3763 F. HESSE, PROP. 



HEIDELBERG. 



3892 32 Anlage 32. 

^ )Cotel S pension )(arren ^ 

5 min. from Station. Open situation near the Promenade. Newly furnished. 
Moderate charges. Porter at the Station. Th. Wolter, hew prop. 



the coat- of- arms of the Palatinate 
and a symbolic angel above the 
entraiifltJ. In the interior, there is a 
celebrated chimney -piece in Renais- 
sance style. 

From the court -yard, one also 
olitnins a glimpse of the Library, of 
which but slight remains still exist: 
in this part of the building, the ladies' 
apartments were also situated ; and 
a large drawing-room devoted to 
them is still sometimes used. 

The second group contains the 
so-called \^lass saloon* (erected by 
Krederick IL, in the 16*h cent.) as well 
as the additions made by Otto Heinrich, 
a few years later, and the buildings 
of Frederick I. and Frederich'V,: the 
last is termed "Der englische Ban", 
The buildings, erected by Otto Heinrich 
(1556) form, perhaps, the finest spe- 



cimen of early German Renaissance 
architecture extant. The lowest 
floor is occupied by the Kaisersaal 
and the living apartments of the 
electors. In these rooms, there is a 
collection of antiquities and works of 
art among which may be mentioned 
a series of portraits including those 
of Tilly, General Milac, Luther 
(Kranach the elder), Melanchthon 
(Kranach the younger), Prince Henry 
of Orange Nassau with consort 
(Netherland school) &c. 

In Otto Heinrich's Bau, built by 
Colyn of Mecheln (Antwerp), one re- 
cognises the influence of the Nether- 
land school; where, as in the Fried- 
rich*s Bau (designed by Schoch of 
Strasburg in 1601), the more vertical 
lines and the greater height indicate th» 
true tendency of the German Renais- 



HEIDELBERG. 



Private Rotel $ Pension Jllt-Keidelberd. 

39 Rohrbacher St., 2 min. from Central Railway Station. 
Hh^ NEWIiY APPOINTED. >-i^ 

;ant rooms for shorter or longer stay. Electric light Agreeable residence for 
3891 ladies or gentlemen. 

EIDELBERO. 39 Anlage 39. 

Pension Beau Sejour. 

min. from Station. In best situation. Snug family house. Modern 
iforts. Moderate terms. 3893 Frau W. HARRER, prop. 

279 



DEPOT for 



TRUNKS, TRAVELLING REQUISITES 
MR AND FINE LEATHER-GOODS q<r 

A. REINEHR 

by appointment to 
S27S N. 9. H. THE QRAMD-DUKE OF B/(bEN. 

SPECIALITY: STAMPED & EMBOSSED LEATHER -WARES. 

HEIDELBERG. Engiitu tpokM. 157 Haapt St 



saDce. The building, which is heavier 
in style than Colyn's, is embellished 
with statues of sixteen ancestors of 
the Palatinate dynasty. 

To obtain a good view across the so- 
called English Building, with its simple 
and clear Renaissance characteristics, 
it is advisable to ascend the Altan 
which affords a magnificent outlook 
in varioud directions. 

Between it and the Englischer Bau 
is the Gothic 'Fassbau*, erected by 
Johann Casimir (1591). The Great 
Tun, lying within it, was built under 
Karl Theodor, in 1751, and is capable 
of conta'ning 221,726 litres: like its 
predecessors, it is regarded as sym- 
bolic of the town of Heidelberg. 

From the GlocheMihurm (Belfry 
Tower), a view of the fortifications 
is to be had: from the top, one per- 



ceives how precipitously the hiil falls 
away on three sides, the castle being 
aj5proachable only from the S.; here, 
a moat, spanned by a bridge and 
guarded by a tower 180 ft. in height, 
was formed. The eastern side was 
protected by three towers, namely:— 
the so-called Blasted Tower, the ivy- 
mantled Apothecary's Tower and 
the Belfry Tower. These were once 
joined by double walls; while, to 
complete the fortification, the ** Dicker 
Tfittrm'* (broad tower) was erected 
on the western side. 

Opposite the castle stands the 
Bismarck Column. In the surrounding 
park, there is a Monument to 
Scheffel: the spot where it stands 
is called **Scheffel Blick" and affords 
a good* view of the Neckar. Another 
celebrated prospect is that from 



MBIBEE^BERG 



« . * . * . i6 Aniage. 




L. MAYER. 

By appointment to 

H. M. tbe Empress and R. H. the Grand 

Duchess of Baden, etc. etc. 

ROBES ♦♦***♦** 
• » MANTEAUX. . • ♦ 
. • . ♦ CONFECTIONS. 

LATEST PARIS FASHIONS. 




3762 



Tailor -made costumes. Furs. 

THE SAME t>Ar>TriVr — T^ATMriM W Sophlen Strasse corner L. 
HOUSE IN DAUlLiVi^DAUlLVi thaler Strasse and 20 Pro— 

280 




*' Goethe Sitz'* near the entrance to 
the castle. 

The fuaioalar now proceeds via 
Hnlkenkiu- to K5iilv8t«hl. 

Amnng other EXCURSIONS in the 
immediftte neighboarliood of the town, 
we mo-y mention Kohlhof (a climatic 
health-T0sort with l^^ol. Hotel); Galf* 
hug and HeUigembergy on the K. 

91 : From MANNHEIM to NEUSTADT, 
SPIRES (Palatinate) & STRASBURG. 

RHENISH PALATINATE. 

The Palatinate is one of the love- 
Uest, mqst favoured, and most fertile 
distdctii of Germany. 

The picturesque Haardt Mts. and 
the wildly romantic spurs of the 
Vosges enclose valleys of infinite 
charm; while their numerous summits, 
crowned with ruins or rugged rocks, 
command most delightful panoramic 
views. The Palatinate Mts., with their 
glorious woods, form one of the 
most beautiful chains in Germany; 
and the Palatinate Forest, with its 
oaks and beeches, its pines and 
its firs, is one of the largest and 
grandest of its kind. The Palatinate 
is rich in picturesque ruins, of which 
it possesses some 140, a number 
scarcely rivalled by any other district 
of similar dimensions. 

ABBIYiLt From Frankfort o/M. ria 
Mayenee A Ladwigahafen, or rla Maan- 
heim-LadwIfsharen, or from Cologne via 
Coblence and Blngerbrtlek to 

KTEVSTADT o/Haardt. — POP.s 
20,C<X). — HOT.! L5wen, 1 at class honee, 
near the Btation, electric li^ht, baths. — 
U. 8. CONS. AGT.: Leopold Blam, Esq. 

NEUSTADT is an ancient town 
situated in the midst of the vine- 
yards of the Palatinate and sur- 
ded by most beautiful scenery, 
g the junction of the railway 
. from the Rhine and Berlin to 
zerland and Italy and enjoying 
t celebrity for its delicious wines, 
>rms the centre of the Palatinate 

h the immediate and the more 
..it environs afford numberless and 
'-^ful excursions; and, from spring 



to .autumn, thousands of tourists 
gather here every Sunday. 

The town is justly styled **the 
Pearl of the Palatinate". Indeed, 
Neustadt and the encircling heights, 
dotted everywhere with castles, man- 
sions and villages, spanned by a 
clear blue' sky and adorned with 
blossom or fruit, forms a sight not 
easily to be matched. 

SPIBES (POP.: 20,000. — BOTBLt 
Wlttelsbaelier Hof), ceded to Germany, 
"on account of its wines*', by the 
Treaty of Verdun, is celebrated as 
the town before whose diet Luther, 
in 1529, made his famous declaration 
of dissent from the decree of 
Charles V., his adherers then re- 
ceiving the denomination > of Pro- 
testant The place is equally re- 
nowned for its old Cathedral, a 
magnificent Romanesque edifice dating 
back to the 11th cent., it having 
been founded by Emp. Conrad II. 
The building has two cupolas and 
four towers, the western one being 
nearly 240 feet high. Tlie ascent 
of the towers and a stroll through 
the colonnade that encompasses the 
building are recommended. The 
interior contains some grand fres- 
coes by Schrandolph, some late- 
Gothic reliefs, and an interesting 
crypt A large number of monarchs 
have been interred in the cathedral, 
,such as Conrad II. (1039), Henry III. 
(1066), Henry V. (1125). The church- 
yard, too, is worth visiting. It pos- 
sesses a large sandstone howl, which 
every new bishop was required to 
fill with wine, that the citizens might 
drink his health. 

At the other end of the town, 
in Augustiner St., is the ''Museum 
Pfalzischer Altertiimer" (Antiquities 
of the Palatinate) a good collection, 
deposited, together with a number 
of paintings, in the Real Schule. 
At the end of Maximilian St. is Alt 
Portel, an old and beautiful tower. 
At the ' end of Juden Gasse is a 
13th cent. Judenbad. 



981 



STRASBURG. 

POPULATION: 167,500. 

HOTELS: Grand Hot. de laYille de Paris, 

iBtolass, every modern oomi'ort, beauti- 
f al and convenient situation, fasbionabie 
rendezvous; Hotel Nationaly opposite tbe 
railway station, 1 "^ class, highly recom- 
mended; Hotel Christoph, facing station. 

BESTAUBANT: ValeatlD, ' very cele- 
brated, specially famous forp&tesde ioiea 
gras. 

CAFl^S: Wiener; da Broglie. 

CABS: Drive within fortifications 
75 pf.— 1.6u mk.; evening tariff 1 mk. to 
1.20 mk.; after midnigbt, double fares. 



HANK: Bank f&r Handel nnd iadu^trle, 
Flllale Strasbarg L E«, 2 Munstergaise 
(uear Broglie PI.). 

POST OFFICE: Bear Kaisei ¥U 

BATHS: In tbe Bhine near KehL 
Private, Sand PI. 

EN6LISH €HUBCH: OberrealBcboln, 
ManteuffelSt Sun. 9.45, 10.80, 5.S0, H.O. 
Sun. 0.45. 

AMUSEMENTS: Theatre, BiogVim ?L; 
Concerts at the Broglie or in the Oon- 
tades. 



STRASBURG is a universiiy city 
situated on the 111 within two mile^ 



STRASSBURG in ALSACE. 

GRii ME H YILLE D£ PM 



3411 



The Leading Hotel and 
Restaurant of the town. 



Finest and most central position to every point of interest. 

Patronised by Royalty and the Elite of English and American Society. 

AUTOIVIOBILE SHEDS, 
a COMFORT MODERN, a 

Manager and Proprietor, E. HAIMPELE, late of M. RItz Savoy Hotel London. 

Telegr. address: PARISERHOF- STRASSBURG. == Teleph. l4o. 64. 



ol the Rhine. The fortifications, which 
have been vastly strengthened since 
the annexation to Germany in 1871, are 
among the most powerful and interest- 
ing in the world. Moreover, the city is 
one of the handsomest in Germany. Its 
principal buildings are the following:— 
The Minster was founded in the 6th 
cent., the first building of importance 
having been erected in the lltb cent.: 
it suffered repeatedly through con- 
flagrations; but its Romanesque 



foundations have determined the 
general outline of the present edifice^ 
to which a Gothic character ^ 
given in the 12tli and following c 
turies. Among its principal ercbitt 
was one, named Erwin, who destgi 
the beautiful fa9ade with a fine ro^ 
window and, close by, a figu 
which some suppose to represent t 
architect himself: the sculpturing 
the three porches is perfect Got 
work illustrating Sin and Salvati 



r 



STRASBURG: MINSTER. 




STRASBURQ in Alsace 



3967 



Restaurant Valentin 

Specialty: PStds de Foies Qras. 

G. HAAS, formerly Carlton Hotel, London. 



From the tower a splendid view is 

obtained. The interior contains some 

beautiful stained-glass (14^ and 15th 

centuries) and a rich pulpit standing 

in the nave: in the transept there is 

a 15th cent, font: St. Martin's Chapel 

(16th' cent.), St. Katherine's Chapel 

(14th cent.), St. John's Chapel and 

reas Chapel (12th cent.) are worth 

ng. The frescoes in the choir are 

Steinle (1880); while the transept 

ttains an astronomical clock and 

so-called Er win's Pillar: the best 

3ior seeing the former is 12.30 p. m. 

To the S. of the Minster stands the 

'fie, an 18th century edifice contain- 

Ihc Municipal Gallery of Art, ft 

►ists of a collection of pictures from 



various schools, the most important 
specimens being those of the Dutch and 
Flemish masters in room 2, German 
masters (room I) , Italian masters 
(room 4). 

Other important buildings are the 
following: — 

St, Thomas* CAwrc* (of similar style 
to the Minster) contains a remarkable 
monument representing the Marshal 
of Saxony being hindered by France 
from stepping into a coffin. 

The Synagogue, an exceptionally 
beautiful structure facing Hotel 
d'Angleterre, should not be neglected 
by visitors. 

The Kaiser Palast, erected from 
Eggert's designs in 1880, the style 



being Italian Renaissance: it is sumptu- 
ously decorated and contains a very 
handsome stair-case. 

The new General Post Office is a 
magnificent pile occupy mg a site of 
about 11,000 square metres. . 

In the same square (Kaiser Pi.) 
are situated the "Laudesausschuss- 
Gebattde", a sand -stone building in 
Renaissance style, and the University 
and Provincial Library (800,000 
vols.), a companion structure to the 
above. 

Broglie PI. in front of the Stadt 
Theater is embellished with a beau- 
tiful fountain and pool. 

Near Kaiser PI. is situated the 
Contades, a park formed, in 1764, 
by the French marshal afer whom 
it is named. The street between the 
two Libraries leads across the /// to 
the University, which, established in 
1621, and, after a lapse of 78 years, 
iC'Opened in 1872, is both extensive 
and celebrated. University PI. is 
embellished with a statue of Goethe 
as a young man. In the extreme 
north-east of the city stands the 
renowned Orange House, in which 
there are some magnificent specimens 
of orange-trees. 

Arsenic Spa Levie o^V^rioio 
{South Tyrol): BV ^^ cover. 

3d: From STRASBURS via 
SCHLETTSTADT &c. to the VOSGES 
MTS.orvia MOLHAUSEN to SWITZER- 
LAND or the BLACK FOREST 
(see also roites 33, 34 &c.). 



From Strasburg southwards, the 
country becomes more and more 
mountainous in character. The only 
flat - district is the narrow strip of 
land lying between the Rhine and 
the III and traversed by the Rhone 
Canal. At the southern end of this 
tract of country, the ever-narrowing 
Rhine Valley turns sharply eastwards, 
and the offshoots of the Alps begin. 
From Carlsruhe to Bale, the western 
border of this valley is formed by the 

9B4 



heights of the Black Forest; while 
a similar range of mountains to the 
W. of the 111 runs from Belfort 
throughout Alsace into the southern 
part of the Bavarian Palatinate. These 
are the celebrated Vosges. They 
constitute the modem boundary 
between Germany and France, and 
are connected with the Jura Mts. by 
the Pass of. Belfort. The range is 
divided into three parts, viz., the 
Higher Vosges, stretching northwards 
to the Valley of the Leber and con- 
taining the Great Belchen, (4,677 feet), 
the Middle Vosges, as far as the 
Marne Canal, and the Lower Vosges 
reaching to Queich. 

The last two ranges are sandstone 
formations best visited from Stras- 
burg: the Higher Vosges are of 
granite, and lying to the W. of Colmar 
and Mulhausen, contain a number ot 
famous 'heights and passes. 

S€BIiETTSTADT (POP.t 9,560. — 
HOT.: Hanser) is an ancient town 
formerly garrisoned and lortified. 
St, Fideskirche is an 16th cent, church 
built by Hildegard of H^nenstaufen. 
St, Georg is, with the exception of 
Strasburg Minster, the finest Gothic 
edifice in Alsace. Recollect enhirche 
(1280) is a protestant church con- 
taining the tomb of Ratsamhausen. 
Schlettstadt is a good centre for 
touring in the Vosges which are here 
very beautiful. Excellent communi- 
cation with Hohkonigsburg, property 
of the German Emperor: the building 
has been reconstructed from designs 
by Bodo Ebhardt. In the neighbour- 
hood there are five picturesque ruins. 



33: From SCHLETTSTADT ir 
BADBRONNKESTENHOLZ, WEIL 
HOHWALD, BARR and to RAPRJL 
WEILER &c., COLMAR, 
MONSTER & mOLHAUSEN. 

KESTENHOLZ STATION is situj 

about Vs ^^^^ ^^^^ 

BADBRONN, a famoiu spa lyini 
the slopes of Hahnenberg (l,4uO f 
and enolosed on three sides by wc 




HoJtkdni£SbHr(f ne.ir SddetisftidL 



Carolabad, 



' ' at foot of ' ' 
Hohkon igsburg. 



S021 



Comfortable J^ppointments. 
?= Two Lithium Springs, ^ 

Carola^ Heilquelle 

Cur o la ' Schlossbrunnen for ref^utar ^^^ us^ 

Carolabad Ji.^G., fiappoltsweiler. 



famotts as a remedy for itiseasma 
of the kidneys J bind tier , far 
acidity of the urin&t and far front. 



protected from wind and wouUif^r, 

Its watera, uaed for bntlmig and 
drinkini*, aro ofricrtcdous in csise^ ot eum^ 
kidD«y diseases, articular rlieumntjamk , 
skin dieertqea, chronic ailments ol tlio 
bronchial tiibea anrl hixyux, dysiieit-riid, 
ADEemm, distturbaDcea of the circula- 
tion &c. I 
There is a well-appointed hjrdroj and ' 
Oertel*8 treatment and grape troAtmeiit . 
ara pxactiKfid. 

Kurt axe is 5 mks. per iiionth ; 
Ills 7 mkis, 

iLCIi {HOT.: Post) in furfniTkUri 
ii»ray: CHrriK^os mny lie li»d ln-re 
iiB beautiful ti>nir nt ihe frtv-niriie i 
m^r-r«39ort ot IIOIlWALI» (liUTv: 
e), wliieh haa omnilius communi- 
a with Burr liaihvay Station. 

lAPPOLTSWElLKR. 

►.: (Wm. — ALT,: 8 JO fr.. 

KLS; ^^tadt^anIiK*c]o3eto station; 

" — ^liitiBd Baitable for toiiristtf. 



RAPl'OLrS\V]:iL[£K, chief town 

of the canion of that name, lies 2V2 
mites fri^m Rappo!tsu"ciler Station on 
the Slrasbjrg-liale Ln\e. U occupies 
a fine posilirui at llie entrance to the 
Slcengbiich \'alley wUh surrounding 
hci^hU chiJ with vines and woods 
of a luxuriant character. The liighcsl 
summit in Ihe southern chain of 
mountains is the Brezouard (4.075 ft.). 
itie litt;hc>t to the noith beini,' the 
llochfeLsen i;iJ40 fL). On this^ latter 
ran,i;e are siluuteJ the ruhis of Hoh- 
Rappollsteio Castle with the ruins 
of Girsbetg and St. Ulrich Castlc>^ 
below Ihcrnj crowning a sheer 100k 
and conipletin^ the beauty of a most 
picturestiLie scene. 

The climate of the resort is bracing 



and invigorating, — a characteristic 
due to the proximity of extensive 
woods of pine, fir, beech and oak 
as well as to the constant breezes 
which blow from the mountains. A 
porous soil and an excellent supply of 
spring-water also conduce to render 
the place exceedingly healthy. 

At the station-end of the town there 
is a park known as the H err engarten. 
In the market-place stands a tower 
of the old fortifications. Other inter- 
esting buildings are: — the Rathaus, 
containing interesting antiquities; the 
Catholic Church (15th cent.); and 
several houses of the 15th& 16thcent. 
in the main street. There is also a 
noteworthy fountain (16th cent.). 



About 10 min. distant from Eappolts- 
weiler lies CAB0L4 BATH, a spa well- 
known for its efAoaoy in oases of gravel, 
stone &o. 

Together with Hohkonigsburg and 
the Rappoltsweiler Castles it forms 
one of the chief sights of the famous 
and beautiful Vosges. At the present 
day the bath enjoys a world-wide 
repute ; and the recent enlargement 
and renovation of the buildings are 
calculated to increase its renown. 
Among the additions the most notable 
is the bottling -house, an admirably 
appointed establishment connected by 
a local line with the imperial railway. 
It is well worth a visit, as the im- 
pression it makes is not easily 
forgotten, the administration having 



Alt.: 2300 ft. 



DREI AEHREN 



Alt: 2300 ft. 



a o near COLMAR (Upper Alsace) a a 

The loveliest Transition Station of South Germany. 



3974 



Les Grands Hotels 

Magnificent Alpine view. Greatest comfort. Completely renovated. 300 beds. 

Open alj the year round. Large and beautiful Terrace. Electric Mountain Railway. 

Spripg-water from the mountains. — Auto-Oarage. 



spared neither pains nor expense to 
render it thoroughly modern and 
comfortable. The apparatus is cap- 
able of filling 100,000 bottles a-day 
from the springs known as the 
Heilquelle and Schlossbrunnen. Few 
establishments of the kmd call forth 
such admiration on the part of 
visitors; and few administrations are 
so thoroughly deserving of praise. 

COLMAR. 

POPULATION: 41,5S2. 

HOTELS: Zwei Sehiassel, l>t olass, 
renowned, central position ; Bahnhof Hot. 
rerminns, !■< class. 

This is an old town, situated at the 
confluence of theLauch and Logelbach. 
Its principal buildings are: — 



The catholic Church of St. Martin, 
a Gothic edifice of the 13th cent, with 
a 14th cent, choir; the old Dominican 
cloisters, called Unterlinden and used, 
since their restoration in 1858, as a pic- 
ture gallery; while the church attached 
is the depository of a Museum. 

From Colmar by rail to Tiirkheim 
and thence electric mountain-railwa; 

DREI AHREN 

(ALTITUDE: 2,800 feet), 
a delightful summer - resort \ 
magnificent hotels situated near 
famous Galtz (2,400 feet) and 
Great Hohnack (3,200 feet) and c 
manding a splendid view of 
Vosges, the Rhine Plain, the B' 



Forest, Hie Jjra and the Alps. The 
hotels^ which are open throughout 
ihe year, contain magnificent dining 
ftnd drawing rooms, theatre, hbrary &c. 
They are fitted with baths and every 
other comTorEj are flanked by a large 
terrace (200 sq. metres) and sur- 
rounded by shady grounds. 

MtJNSTER. 

POP.: 6,080. — ALT.: 1,300 feet. 
HOTEL: tfrind Hot. Hanster, U* 

class. 

MUNSTER, at the foot of Monchs- 
berg, is an industrial town founded 
by King Childerich (600) and con- 
taining several notable buildings, 
.e. g. the Tonhalle (Greek style), Post 
Office, Rathaus (1535) and remains 
of an old Abbey. 

In 1904 an electric railway to 
Gerardmer (see route 86) was opened. 
The carriage - road (omnibus) runs 
past Hot, Altenherg to the Schlucht, 
a magnificent gorge situated near the 
French frontier at an altitude of 
3,775 ft. among some of the finest 
scenery of the Vosges Mts. and near 
Hotel Fran fats du Col de la Schlucht. 
(See also Gerardmer, Route 86). 

M0LHAUSEN. 

POPULATION: 90,000. 
HOTEL: Centrtl, l«t class, with all 
modern comfort, completely renovated. 

MOLHAUSEN is busily engaged in 
cl6th and cotton spinning, paper- 
making, dyeing &c.; indeed, it is the 
most important manufacturing town 
of the imperial provinces ^.'\lsace and 
Lorraine) and, perhaps, the largest 
centre of the calico trade on the 
»^«>''nland of Europe. Its principal 
dings of interest are: — the Rat- 
s, with a Gothic Church opposite; 
useum, containing antiquarian and 
srical collections; and a picture 
sry. 

he main line of rail runs on 
BALE (see Switzerland), from 
ch town the return journey may 
made along ttie right bank ot 



the Rhine to Frankfort o/M. It is, 
however, usual to visit from this 
spot either Switzerland or the Black 
Forest (see below). 

34: From FRANKFORT o/Main, 

via CARLSRUHE, 

to FRAUENALB, HERRENALB 

and the BLACK FOREST. 

CARLSRUHE. 

POPULATION: 111,5C0. 

HOT£L: Germania, the only l>t oIafs 
house with every modem comfort, 
sitaated near the station in open and 
healthy position. 

CABS: Between station and any part 
of town 60 pf.— 1.20 mk.; within the 
inner town, 2 pers., 60 pf., 4 pers., 70 pf., 
per 1/4 hour. 

ENGLISH CBUBCH: Ludwig Wilbelm 
Erankenheim: Bev. O. Flex. San. 11.0 
a.m.; 4.0 p.m. H. 0. 8.0 a.m., 2nd, 4th 
and 5*»» Sun.: at midday !•' and 8""^ 
Sun. 

POST OFFICE : Corner of ftitter St. 
and Friedrlch PI. 

AMU8EHEKTS: Hoffcheater with cele- 
bratuvl opera; Summer Theatre, Stadt- 
gartt>a; Colosseum (Variety). 

CARLSRUHE, the capital of the 
Grand Duchy of Baden is a beau- 
tiful and regularly-built town situated 
among lorest - lands some 5 miles 
from the Rhine and on the skirts 
of the Black Forest. It was founded, 
in 1715, by the Margrave - Carl 
William of Baden Durlach , who 
erected a wooden chateau here among 
the woods, through which he had 
roads cut in all directions. Round 
the castle , and at a distance of 
about 1,3C)0 feet, a ring -promenade 
was formed , which gives to the 
place, on the map, the appearance 
of a sun, the roads forming the 
rays. The fifteen roads south of 
Moltke St. and Rindheimer .^llee 
run through the town: the fifteen 
to the north dissect Hardt Forest 
and Fasanen Garten (Pheasant Garden). 
The former of these is one ot the 
most beautiful of its kind; while the 
latter is of great interest. 

The present castle was built by 
Carl Frederick in 1754: its splendid 



287 



p 



Apartments contain a number of 
notable objects, the principal being 
those of the Z&hringer Museum. 
The stables and a high tower are 
also open to the public. Close by- 
are the Schlosskirche , the Hof- 
theater, and the Winter Garden, 
Between the last two are situated 
the Botanical Garden and the Orange 
House. Next comes the 

Kunsthalle, containing extensive 
collections of paintings, the most 
valuable of which are those hung in 
room I and cabinet 8, and belonging 
respectively to the Dutch and modern 
German schools. Of interest are the 
pictures representing the local schools 
of Alsace and Svvabia. 

To the left of the building stands 
the palace of Prince William: while 
close to the royal stables is the 
treasury. In the middle of Schloss 
PI. rise* a bronze statue of Carl 
Frederick, from designs by Schwann 
thaler; hence, through Karl Friedrich 
St, we reach the Markt Pi., where 
an artificial hill, called the Pyramid, 
affords a good view of the town, 
^cross Markt PI. runs the principal 
thoroughfare, named Kaiser St., 
closed at one end by a statue of the 
Emp, William J., and, at the other, 
by the Catholic Church. Passing 
down Karl Friedrich St., we reach 
the Rondel, where the residence of 
the Margrave stands; close by, at 
Friedrich PL, is a museum entitled 
"Gebdude der vereinigten gross- 
herz, Sammlungen^' : the building 
contains archaeological and anthro- 
pological collections, with mediseval 
weapons, art objects, stone monu- 
ments &c. 

From Carlsruhe, a line of rail, 
called the Albthal-Bahn, runs up the 
beautiful Alb Valley, reaching, in 
1^2 hours, the village of 

PRAUENALB. 

ALTITUDE: 1,066 feet. 
HOTBLt Klosterhof. 

FRAUENALB is a charming re- 



sort on the left bank of the Alt 
and celebrated for the ruins of b 
Benedictine nunnery dating back tc 
the year 1138. 

HRRRENALB. 

HOTELS: Karhans; Soanfl} fitBrii«o« 
HERRENALB is a health-resort 
situated in a charming valley- and 
on both sides of the Alb, at a spot 
where several valleys converge to 
form the wide Wiesenihal. Its beau- 
tiful position, surrounded by densely 
wooded heights, offers some most 
delightful strolls and excursions, and 
draws to it, annually, some 3,500 
visitors. 

From Herrenalb the road continues 
via Dohel to Wildbad (see Black 
For. II). Both Frauenalb and Herren- 
alb are situated in the Black Forest. 

BLACK FOREST. 

This magnificent dbirict — with 
its grand peaks, its vast woodland 
tracts, its charming gkns and ravines, 
and celebrated spas — stretches from 
Bale and Sackingen on the S, to 
Pforzheim and Carlsruhe on the N. 
It is bordered on two sides by the 
Rhine, and, occupying the whole of 
Baden and a part of Wurtemberg, 
forms, perhaps, the finest forest in 
Europe. The district may be ap- 
proached fronj various points. Tourists 
coming from the N. enter it either 
via Baden - Baden or Strasburg end 
Appenweier: those coming from 
Switzerland, travel via Bale or Singen 
and the Black Forest Railway; or, 
if the left bank of the Rhine has been 
followed to Miilhausen, a branch 
of rail is used to Mullheirn (see ' 
Bl. For. IV). 

The Black Forest obtained 
world-wide repute chieDy Ihroush 
opening of the celebrated Black Ft 
Mountain Railway (Schwarzwaldb 
in 1873. This line, the eminent \ 
of Robert Gerwig (to whom a r 



2B8 



Sanatorium Drs. Fre^Giljiertr ladeii-Bisifle^ 



For Nervous Complaints, Heart - Disease &c« 

== (See Advertisement on front fly-leaf.) '' 



3l280b^ 



[- -• 



t C/1 




ment has been erected at Triberg» 
the central station) cuts the mountain- 
chain from Offenburg to Singen^ 
Schaffhausen and Constance, rising 
gradually in wide curves and doubl- 
ings (38 tunnels) to an altitude of 
3,210 ft. . It affords excellent com- 
munication with Switzerland, the 
Lake of Constance and the Arlberg 
Railway. 

Black Forest I: From CARLSRUHE 
vi9 R AST ATT to BADEN-BADEN, 
LICHTENTHAL and 6ERNSBACH. 

R A ST ATT (POP.t U,000. — HOT.: 
Bahnhofhotel) is a small fortified town 
which^ destroyed by the French in 
1689 and rebuilt by Margrave Louis 
William of Baden, became, after this 



tirpe, the residence of the Mar- 
graves. 

In the Schloss, now used for 
military purposes, the peace between 
Austria & France was arranged (1714). 

BADENBADEN. 

POP.: 16,00a — ALT.: 700 feet 
H0TEL8: l>t class: Ueasmer, close to 
Conversation House*, anrivHlled position, 
onlv first-class house facing E., patron- 
ised by royalty and highest American 
society, for forty years residence of the 
Emperor William I.; de TEnropey strictly 
first-class, in fin^t position opposite 
'Kur*Garden,— patronised by AmencanB; 
de Bassle, patronised by royalty and 
nobility, — among the latter, Prince 
liolieniolie, who celebrsted his 80*1^ birth- 
day at tiie hotel; drei Konlge, Luisen St. 
& Lange St., close to Conversation House, 
G. P. O. &o., every comfort, restaurHnt, 
pension &c; Victoria; ZStarlsger Bof, 



BADEN-BADEN Hotcl MeSSmer BADENBADEN 



3883 adjoining the Kurhaus. 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOUSE. 

200 ROOMS. LATEST IMPROVEMENTS. W. SCHNEIDER- 



■E$8BER. 



with bath - house attached, !■* class. — 
In Lichtenthaler Allee, with large gardens: 
Stephanie; MinerTa; d'Angieterre; Grd. 
Hot. Bellerne. — In elevated situation: 
Hot. and Cafe-Bestanrant ^'Panorama"; 
Loftkurhotel and Pens'. Schirmtaof is a 
modern structure containing 70 elegantly 
furninhed bed-rooma (100 excellent beds), 
and fine dining and drawing rooms, 
cuisine is of the 1>< order, warm 
lithium water supplied at the hotel, 
verandas command fine yi^ws. 

BOABDING-HOUSES : TiUa BellaTlsta, 
19 Iburg St., I'tolass; Pons. Tilla Lnlse, 
1>* class house; Pens. Yllla Alsen* 

WIN£.BJBSTAUBANTuHot.dreiKonige, 
luncheons and dinners a priz fixe and 
k la carte at all hours. 

BKSTAUBANTS: Krokodll; *^)^^ Best. 
Central Hotels first-class house. 

CAFE: Condltorei - Cafe Zabler, 12 
Lichtenthaler St. 

CABSt 15 min., 2 pars. 75 pf., 4 pers. 
1.60 mk.; 80 min., 1.50 mk. and 3 mks.: 
46 min., 2/^5^3 mks.; 1 hour, 3—4 mks. 

BATHS: In the river; and several 
private. 



EN6L. CnUBCH: All Saints'. 5 Be?t. 
hold St. Rev. T. Archibald S. White, 
M. A. &o., 83 Lange St. Sun. 8.90, 
10.45, 11.0 a. m., 7.0 p. m. H. 0. &80 
am., 12.0. 

KUBTAXE: No compulsory tax is 
levied; day -tickets for 'Conservation 
House' and 'Eurgarten* between 8 and 
4 o'clock and from 8—10 o'clock, I mk.; 
14 days, 8 mks.; 1 month 16 mks.; or, 
for 2 pers, 25 mks.; every add'l person, 
6 mks.; I year. 30 mks. 

POST OFFICE: 12 Leopold's PL 



290 



HAMBUBG-AMEHICAN LIKE: General 
Offleesy 6 Sopliien St. 

LAD IE S' DBESSES: L. Mayer (] 
veyor to tl»e Imperial and Boyal Oou 
10 Sophien Sr. (corner Lichtenthaler 
and 20 Promenade : this house, wh 
has a branch at Heidelberg, Beta 
fashions in Germany. 

BAD RN- BADEN is a charmi 
situated bath, lying at the no 
western edge of the Black Forest 
at an elevatioB of nearly 70Q * 



BADEN-BADEN. 



5020 



HOTEL DE RUSSIE. 

e pardens on the 
Albert Mnereli, Prop, 



EleirnDl nvsUvlnss Hotel in jls own large pardens on the ProircQttde 




through it flows the Oosbach, from 
whose banks, the tree-clad hiUs which 
protect the town rise to a height of 
between 3,000 and 4,000 feet. 

The climate, though very mild in 
winter, is rendered somewhat bracing 
by the neighbourhood of the moun- 
tains. For the same reason, showers 
are frequent; but the porosity of the 
soil, assisted by the excellent sanitary 
arrangements, rapidly carries off the 
superfluous rain. The close vicinity of 
the pine-woods keeps the atmosphere 
constantly supplied with ozone ; 
while the fertility of the district 
has won for Baden the title or the 
Garden of Gdrmany. In ils varied 



soil flourish the oak and the beech, 
the chestnut and the pine, whose 
changing tints make the early 
Autumn the favourite season for 
visiting the spa. 

The town has a resident population 
of l6,(iC0; and its many attractions 
draw to it no fewer than 60,000 
visitors annually : most of these come, 
of course^ to take the waters, to 
which the place owes its name, their 
efficacious character having been re- 
cognised for several centuries. Their 
main constituents are common salt, 
chloride of Ifthium, calcijm arsenides, 
and silicates. The principal diseases 
treated arc nervous complaints, 



EXCEPTIONAL SITUATION 
ON THE PROMENADE, 
OPPOSITE KURHAUS. 



BADEN-BADEN. 
HOTEL DE L'EUROPE 



---SEE --- 

BAEDEKER'S 
QUIDE-BOOX. 



3274 — LUXURY AND COMFORT COMBINED. — 
PRIVATE SUITES WITfl BATHS ATTACHED. 
AUTO GARAGE. CARL FREY, Prop. 



affections of the various mucous 
membranes, cctarrh of the bladder, 
female complaints &c. 

The 'TrinTihalle', — recently erected 
in the chief promenade and containirg 
a number of frescoes illustrative of 
legends of the Black Forest, — is visited 
during the early hours of the day, 
when an excellent band plays. In 
front of the building, on a granite 
pedestal, stands a marble bust of the 
Emp. William I. 

Southwards of this spot is the 'Com- 
versation House , a handsome edifice 
erected at the time when gaming was 
still legal, its roulette rooms being 
now used for receptions and the like. 
The building possesses a portico sup- 



ported by eight Corinth an pillars: in 
front of it, there is a band-stand^ in 
which are given morning, afternoon 
and evening concerts; at these periods 
of the day, the grounds become the 
rendezvous of the most aristocratic 
circles; indeed, here, as in most places 
of the kind, the beautiful park and 
gardens of the 'Conversation House* 
form the centre round which life in 
the spa concentrates. 

Near the 'Conversation House' 
the Royal Court Theatre and o 
interesting buildings; while across 
stream, rises, on a height above 
town, the New Castle, which is 
reached from the Markt PI. thrc 
Sch'oss St. and Burg St The builc I 




^llHFfXfliiilMiiM liiiiii If 

Baden-Baden 



♦ LUFTKURHOTEL SCHIRMHOF ♦ 

with DEPE^DA^CES. 

Adjoimni; x^-ooJs. 20min. frosn pavilion. Dcs.phtfiii] sitxialioTi. 
^ ELEITIIIC LIGHT. ^ HOABI** ^ f AllKlAG tiS. ^ 
3a H5 Prop. Ilerm. Zabler. 




The 
1 i 1 ■ ■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 ' 

















'J[\'^ 




Oekonomic, 



Qciisisana. 



Dependance. 



Sanatorium' 



Quisisana 



Baden-Baden 



far internal and nervous 
complaints, convalescents 
and those in need of rest. 

In dclightfiiL quiet spot. 
Excellent modern appoint- 
ments. 3S86 

Open the whole 
year. For further 
irtrormalaoii applj 
ic> the Director. 



Tm 



r • 

which is now the summ<.r-residencc 
of the Grand Duke, dates back to the 
15th cent, but, having sulTered con- 
siderable damage^ in 1689, has been 
partially restored. Exteriorly its finest 
parts are the western gate- way, 
with Gothic vaulting and Renaissance 
additions. The vaults and dungeons 
beneath the building are interesting; 
while the Dagobert Tower contains 
a remarkable grindstone. 
The princfpal baths are: — 
Friedrichsbad, a Renaissance build- 
ing of red and white sand-stone, erected 
in 1870 and adorned with statues, busts 
and medallions. The bath, which is 
open in summer for gentlemen only 



and for both ♦jcxes in winter, is situated 
in Stein St. close to the springs: ii is 
magnificently appointed, and is, indeed, 
one of the finest in Euiope. 

To the E. oi the above, is Kaiserin 
Augusta Hjd, built,^ some ten years 
since, in Renaissance style, and con- 
taining busts of the Grand Duke 
and his consort, and paintings re- 
presenting the favourite promenades 
of the Empress from whom the bath 
takes its name. 

The baths — adapted, by the ex- 
cellent equipments and appointments 
in the above-mentioned institutes, 
to the various complaints treated — 
are used in their natural thermal 



Baden-Baden. 



Sanatorium Dr. Heinsheimer 

special treatnient for diseases of Stomach,. Intestines, for 
Diabetes, Gout & all disorders of Metabolism & Nutrition* 

Beautiful, elevated situation close to the forest. Fitted with an the latest comfort 
of modern times. Shady Park. — Winter Garden. -~ Dietetic treatment; all kind% 
of baths and douches; massage and gymnastics; electrotherapy etc. 3687 
. Ask for prospectus. — OPEN ALL THE YEAR ROUND. 



condition, the exclusive application 
of the natural vapour distinguishing 
them from all others in Europe. 

Baden also possesses a consider- 
able number of private sanatoria. 

The SANATORIUM Drs, FREY- 
GILBERT stands in a park, three 
acres in extent in immediate proxi- 
mity to the "Curgarten": although 
situated in a commanding position 
hi way up the Michaelsberg, the 
a| >ach is perfectly easy. 

unded some 15 years ago, the 
S; orium was rebuilt in 1905/6 in 
a( dance with all modern require- 
m ts. The structure is solely of 
st e and iron, and contains electric 
HI —'nter gardens &c and ample 



S95 



accommodation for 70 patients. Rooms 
of a plain character as well as suites 
of the most elegant type are to be 
had ; while every conceivable appliance 
has been provided for hydrotherapy, 
electrotherapy, air and light treatment, 
massage &c. 

The establishment is especially 
adapted for convalescents and for 
sufferers from nervous and chronic 
ailments, heart disease, corpulency, ex- 
cessive thinness, rheumatism, gout &c. 

Persons suffering from mental de- 
rangement and contagious diseases 
are not admitted. 

Sanatorium Quisisana is highly 
recommended for internal and nervous 
complaints. It is situated in a pleasant 



ahd ttanquil spot very su'table for dotv^ 
valeBcent^ and overwrought persons. 
TJie appointments are all quite-up- 
to-date. 

. The Private. Eye Hospital in Baden- 
Badei^, under the direction of the well-' 
known Oculist, HafraiDr, von Hoff- 
mann, is, vlike all the medical institu- 
tions of this town, most excellent. 
It affords . first * class nursing and 
attendance to . patients for whom 
operations or a '*special treatment** 
ave indicated. 

The pure air and mild climate of 
Baien render it especially favourable 



for the treatment of chronic caia rh 
of the! eyes, rheumntic inflammfltfon 
and paralysis of the muscles of the 
eye. The vapour baths and the 
vapour proceeding from the hot 
springs are also very frequently ap- 
plied and are very bene fi CI a L Maiiy 
cases already despaired- of have found 
here total or partial cure. 

Sanatorium Dr. Lip pert for Com- 
plaints of the Stomach and IntesttHes. 
This establishment, U Ludwig Wil- 
helm St., close to Lichtenthaler Allee^ 
open summer and winter, Is a building 
fitted with all modern improvemenis 



B J8l ©EM «B Bl ben SopWenstrasse 10 ♦ « * • * # * 

j a,«^,^jc»jix Aa>i».A^,^ ^ x (,^j.Qgj Lichtenthalerstr. ft Promenade 20. 

L. MAYER. 

By appointment to 

H. M. the Empress and R. H. the Grand 

Duchess of Baden, etc, etc. 

ROBES ******* 

* * MANTEAUX * ♦ 

* * ♦ CONFECTIONS 
LATEST PARIS FASHIONS. 





2128 



Tailor-made costumes. Furs. 



-•- The same house in HEIDELBERG, 16 Anfage, -^ 



and situated in a beautiful open and 
quiet spot facing the Goenner Anlagen. 
The sanatorium comprises 12 rooms, 
some of which are fitted for two 
patients. Dr. Hugo Lippert, the pro- 
prietor and managing physician, is a 
specialist whose wide range of ex- 
perience has been gained in leading 
German clinics including that ot 
Professor Fleiner> Heidelberg. 

Dr. Heii^sheimer*s Sanatorium, 
23 Leopold St, is a special institute, 
opeij ^11 fthe year round, for the 
tr«§[Wi>pt i3tfi;4i5(W^S»8 of: the stomach, 
aed;,. iftlj^tiniep^:iJiab«^esk .gQutj.^cpm"- 



plaints of the liver, kidneys &e. 
It is conducted on the most modern 
principles and careful attention is 
paid to diagnosis, for which parpose 
chemical & microscopic exnminations 
are made. 

The building, situated on an ele- 
vated spot close to woods -^-i 
park, is a three -storied slru g 
with lofty rooms, eflch fitted n 
balcony: suites with bath-rooms i 
lavatory may also be had. & 

appointments, wliich are thorou / 
up -to*- date, inolude central hea , 
lifjt;, ivacikum cleaner &e.; 3 



sanatorium is very suitable for winter 
residence. 

Sanatorium Dr, Schambacher, 69 
Lange St., surrounded by a large 
park, stands in a very healthy spot 
close to the Assembly Rooms and 
in the immediate vicinity of the 
forest. It commands a magnificent 
outlook and bears the character 
of an elegant private house. The 
appointments are of the most modem, 
comfortable and hygienic type; 
and the therapeutic fittings are 
adapted for hydropathy, electro- 
therapy, air and light treatment, 
vibratory massage &c. The institute 



is suitable for nervous affections of 
the heart, convalescence, weakness, 
brain-worry, rheumatism, gout and 
diabetes. Futtening and defattening 
is practised. 

Dr. Rumpf's Sanatorium Eber- 
steinburg (by Baden-Baden) is a 1 »* 
class and absolutely modern institute 
specially erected for lady - patients 
with slight affections of the lungs, 
the one sex only being admitted. 
Hours of consultation in Baden-Baden, 
32 Gernsbacher St., are from 3 to 4, 
Wed. and Sun. excepted. 

The beautiful Lichtenthaler Avenue, 
with its splendid trees, forms the 



JB^ JB^-JB^ J^'^l-JB^ J^^ J&^ 



o BADEN-BADEN o 

SANATORIUM Dr. SCHAMBACHER 

^.Q- In fine, healthy sitnation 

4097 __ ^.^j^ j^^g^ p^yjj __ 

For affections of the heart ® nerves, for gout, rheu- 
matism, disturbances in metabolism, digestion Sc. 
HYDROPATHY ^ ELECTROTHERAPY. 

PLEASE APPLY FOR PROSPECTUS. 



lB^^Bef^^'^^'^B^rB^^B/3' 



favourite promenade of the spa : it 
is embellished with a monument of 
the Empress Augusta, and leads 
out of the town to the village of 
Lichienthal (see below), a place 
frequented on account of its inter- 
esting Klosierkii che and the charm- 
ii ''sws which it affords. 

ig the many other 
UBSIONSinthe nearer neigh- 
od, the favourite aie the lol- 

tbe Old Castle, perched above 
. nrn on Battenbergy at a height 
rer 1,800 feet: it waa formerly the 
ence of the MargraTea, and was 
antled by the French in 1689: its 
NT affords an extensive view; while 
-"• *S the Bnmmit of Battenberg 



consisting of fantastio crags, may be 
reached in 25 min. 

To the Greek Chapel, a mausolenm 
erected on Mlehaeisberg in lb6:^, by 
order of Prince Michabl Stourdza, to 
the memory of his youthful son. 

To the ruins of Ebersteia Castle, 
whose tower offers delightful views. To 
Seelaeh through Liohtenthal. ThrougrU 
the same suburb to Geroldsao Valley 
and YYaterfalls. To Yborg, like Eber- 
stein, a former Roman watch-tower, 
and affording magnificent views. To 
Blerknrias, the highest point near 
Baden-Baden (2,207 feet). 

I.ICHTENTHAL (ABBIYAL: By 
omnibus from Baden. — POP. i 4,000. — 
HOTELS: Bar; Lndwigsbad) is celebrated 
for its nunnery, founded in the 13^h 
century by Irmengart, the widow of 
Hermann V. of Baden. The building 



297 



(which is clo«:e to the bridge and 
the war monume;.l) is still inhabited. 
The church coniains some interesting 
monuments; whiie in the mausoleum, 
close by, there are also some ancient 
tombs and paintings. 

A road from her© runs to Ober- 
plattig (see Black For. V), — another 
to Gernsbach, with which there is 
diligence communication. 

GERBTSBACH (POP.: 8.000. — 
HOTELS: Karluus; Hot. Pfelffor; Stem; 
Eroae), a popular summe- -resort in the 
Maig Valley. It i» beaatifalty wooded 
And on one of the surrounding heights 
■;ands 

SCULOSS EBCHSTEIN, the view 
obtained from the spot being eztrenaely 
beauti'al and including Freiburg and 
the Dreisam Valley 

Black For, II: From CARLSRUHE to 
PFORZHEIM and WILDBAO. 

PFORZHEIM. 

POPULATION: 63,500. 

H0TKL8: Post; Sciiirarser Adlex. 

PFORZHEIM, situated at the con- 
fluence of the Enz, Nagold and Wurm, 
is an important junction a few miles 
from Carlsruhe. The town is cele- 
brated for its jewellery worses, which 
give employment to 10,000 hands. 
The principal buildings of interest are 
the Schlosskirche and the School of 
Industrial Art From Pforzheim a 
line of rail runs up the valleys of 
the Nagold and Neckar past Hirsau, 
Horb and Rottweil to Constance. 



WILDBAD. 

POP.: 4,000. - ALT.: 1,400 feet 

TISIT0B8: 14,000 annually. 

HOTELS: Klnmpp, Istolass; Boyal 
Bad hotel ; Bellcrne. 

KtliTAXE: L pers. 4 mks. per week, 
or 12 mks. per month or more; for 
every extra member of family 8 mks. 
Mr week, 8 mks. per month or more ; 
or children and servants 1 mk. per 
week, 8 mks. por month. 

WILDBAD has been celebrated for 
its thermal springs from the 14th 
cent. 

The climate is neither bleak nor 
relaxing, and the temperature equable. 
The springs -^ have a temperature 



ic 



of 37® C. and contain a large pro* 
portion of common salt, potassium 
anJ calcium carbonates and sulphates, 
a large quantity of free carhonjc acid 
and a little protoxide of iron. 

Black For. Ill: From CARLSRUHE to 

PFORZHEIM, CALW, BAD TEINACH 

and HOaB. 

PFORZHEIM (see Black For. II) 
is the junction for Wildbad and the 
Horb-Immendingen Line to Singen, 
Schaffhausen, Waldshut, Bale &c. 

CAliW (POP.: fi.0C)0. — HOTELSt 
Waldhora; Badiscber liof ) is a well-built 
town doing a oonsiderable trade in wood. 
It lies at tlie opening of the picturesque 
Valley ot the KagoM, which the railway 
now threads, past Kentheim, to 

BAD TEINACH (HOTELS: Hirseh; 
Bad Ilotcl), a small spa charmingly 
siiuated in the valley of the Teinach, 
and possessing chalybeate springs. The 
place is sheltered and picturesque, and 
there is good fishing and shouting in 
the neighboarhood. 

On the hills above the place and at 
a distance of about half an hour, it 
ZAVEL-STEINy a mountain-resort with 
some fine old ruins from which an 
extensive view ig obtained. 

Beyond Nogold and Eutingen, the 
line r(^ aches i 

HOBB (POP.s 8,000. - DOT.: snui j 
Kaisur), a picturesqaeljr situatad and 
industrial town containing a large 
church in Transitional style. It is 
important as a railway junction, the *^ 
direct line continuing past Rottweil 
and Immendingen to Sin«;en, — where it 
branches to' Constance iGermany), and 
to SchaffhausBu (Switzerland) — the 
other line running down the valley of 
the Keckar to TUbingen (see route 87). 

Black For. IV: From RASTATT to 

BOHL &c., FREIBURG, 
MOLLHEIM and BAOENWEILFR 

BUHL (POP.: 8,800. — HOT.: 1 i; 

Babe) contain -s a beautiful new G-o le 

Cbnrch with fine spire: the Old CI »h 
has been converted into a Bathau 

KXCUK8I0NS: (1) To the fine . as 

of Alt Windeck Castle ria the cemet< y, 

whose chapel is visible for a long a- 

tance. (2) By rail to Oberbtthlert a, 

thence by vehicle to the reaoi m 
Badener Uohe (see Black For. Y). 



203 



Hotel j^ommer zum ^xehrwgerhof 

Black Forest. Frelburg In Baden. Black Forest 

FIRST-CLASS. OPPOSITE THE STATION. LIFT. ELECTRIC LIGHT. 
3283 CENTRAL HEATING. LARGE NEW HALL. 

COVERED TERRACE WITH RESTAURANT. 
AUTO -GARAGE. PROPRIETORS: SOMMER BROTHERS. 



APPEBTWEIER (POP.: 1,500. -- 
HOT.: Bahnhof Hot.), of importance 
only as the janction for Kehl and 
Strasburg^, and :or 

OBEBKIR€H (a small town in 
sheltered position at the entrance to 
the Rench Valley) and Oppenau (see 
BU For. VI). 

OFFEI^BURO (POP.: 15,000. — 
HOTELS: Bahnhof Hot.; turn Eagel; 
Adler) is pleasantly situated on the 
banks of the Kinsig, and contains 
seveial interesting buildirgs &a, the 
principal being the Catholic Chnreb, a 
handsome edifice in Rococo style, and 
the new Eranrelical Church, a tine sand- 
stone erection iu Hanpt St , whose spire 
is ornamented with elegant tracery. 
In front of the Bathans, there stand a 
monument to the Franco-Prassian War 
and a statue of Sir Francis Drake. 



FREIBURG in BREISGAU. 

(See also Schluchsee & Hoohenschwand). 

POPULATION: 74,000. 

HOTELS: Hot. Sommer sum ZShringer 
Bof) highly recommended l«t class, 
facing station, lift, elect, light, central 
heating &c., motor-car sheds; Victoria, 



close to Rail. Station, Post and Tele- 
graph Office. 

BOAUUINe-HOUSBS: YUla Bea« 
Sejonr, 8 Werder St., opposite Allee 
Garten, l*t class family hotel-pension, 
highly recommended; Pens. Vts Inter- 
nationale, 37 Friedrich St., 1** class, 
highest Knglish & American references. 

BATHS: Heim'sehes Sebwimnibad, 85 
Loretto St. (also for ladies). Bade-Anstalt 
sum Pfaa. 

WIENEB CAF£: Close to War 
Memorial. 

U. S. CONS.: B. TheophUns Llefeld» 
Esq., 6a Bisenbahn St. 

ENeLISH CUUBtH: S. S. George and 
Bonilace, 69 Thumsee St. Rev. 0. P. 
Calvert. M. A. 36 Bromberg St, Sun. 
8.0 a. m., 11.0 a. m. 6.0 p. m. M. C. Son., 
SS. and Thnrs. aO; l«t San., noon. 

TBAMWAIS: Blectrio oars run in 
various directions, the main lines, from 
which the others branch off, being 
(1) Zfthringer St., Kaiser St., GtUittn- 
tal St. ana (2) Station Berthold St. 

AMUSBMKNTR: Flourishing Englisk 
ClabSy e. g. tennis, football, skating, 
ski-ing. 

THEATBBt Stadt - Theater , n«w 
building. 



Hotel Victoria - Freikura in 



Close to Railway Station, Post and Celegrapb Office. 
Renowned ai a good and comfortable bouse* f« looelleit 
L80 lituationt moderate prfcei* 

Highly recommended boih /or families and tourists. 
Sorter meets all trains. Electric light throaghoat 

Proprietor: FR. ZIMMERMANK 

29b 



Villa Beau S^jour. ??SH.^, 



Werdersirasse No. 8, opposite Aliee 
new University. 

HOTEIj- PENSrON. Finest situation in the quietest and healthiest part of 
the town. Newly furnished throughout with every home comfort Excellent Cuisine. 
Terms 5 marks upwards. Drawing, Smoking and Bath Rooms. Eleotrio Light. Warm 
water Central Heatini. Specially Irequented by English and Americans. 3285 

Proprleior: CABIi SCHOTZHT. 



The old university city, with its 
suburbs Wiehre, Herdern, Haslach and 
Giinterstal, has a population of 70,000: 
it is the capital of the Breisgau, the 
residence of the heir-apparent and an 
emporium for the .products of the 
Black Forest; the most important 
industries being the manufacture of 
buttons, silk and cotton goods. Its 
wonderful situation, in a lovely val'ey 
surrounded by vineyards and fertile 
fields, and shut-in by the tree-topped 
heights of the Back Forest, whose 
fretted outline cuts the deep blue sky, 
has gained for it the title of the *'Pearl 
of Breisgau". Though thus protected, 
it has a bracing climate, which, t' - 
gether with the beautiful environs and 
the interesting character of the town 
itself, renders it one of the most 
attractive resorts of the Blaclc Forest. 

The town possesses a quaint me- 
diaeval aspect; and its many ancient 
buildings are architecturally and 
historically interesting. The most not- 
able of them are the following: — 

CIIUBCHES: The Minster, one of the 
handsomest Gothic piles in Germany, 
is built, ior the most part, of glowing 
red sandstone, though its olde&t parts, 
which date back to the 12^^ cent., are 
of yellow sandstone. The main spire — 
over 400 feetUa height, with ltd airy per- 
forated work and delicate tracery — 
is considered by many to be the finest 
in the world. The body of the build- 
inq; consists of a nave and two aisles, 
with a transept surmounted by a 
dome, and a choir surrounded by 
numerous chapels. Among the many 
interesting antiquities and works of 
art contained in the interior, the most 



striking is, perhaps, the altar-piece by 
Hans Holbein the younger (1520) in the 
University Chapel. In the choir is 
another fine altar-piece by Baldung* 
Giien (loll) and also some splendid 
stained glass. In the nave, close to the 
mi Idle column of the porch, there is a 
beautiful early-Gothic Madonna. In the 
aisles, there is some good stain ed»g lass, 
mostly 14*i» cent, work: the left aisle 
contains the so - called Grafenkapelte 
(Count's Chapel) with a representation 
of the Mount of OLves by Kempf (1168) 
and the tombs of the Archbishops of 
Freiburg: in the right aisle is the Chapet 
of the Holy Sepulchre with, close by, the 
statue of Duke Berthold V., the last of 
the Zfih ringers (1218). The vestibule, 
with its numberless statues of apostles, 
saints and prophets, produces a wonder- 
fully sMemn effect 

lu the tower, whif'h is ascended by 
the steps to the ri<?lit of the vestibule, 
the bells and clock are interesting, 
tue oldest of the former having been 
cast in 1258. 

St. Martin's (ParishChurch),with early- 
Gothic choir and laie-Go'hic nRve, con- 
tains frescoes and coloured ceilintf. 

Ludwiff's EraogeHeal, a Transitional 
edifice with paintings in the choir. 

Horz Jesn. designed by Max Meckel 
in Khenish Transitional style. 

St. John's contains a quantity of 
stain ed-gldss. 

Michael's Chapel possesses, in the 
porch, an interesting Dance of Death. 

Christ's Chnreh; the handsome Viii- 
Tersity Cbarch &c* 

There is also a massive, vaulted 
Chapel in the New Cemetery: it is 
sumptuously ornnmented with frescoes, 
mosaics and statues. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS:— The 
Kau/haus (Guildhall) is a 16th cent, 
structure in late-Gothic style, with 
an effective, vaulted vestibule resting 
upon 5 columns. The statues em- 
bellishing the exterior represe ' e 



FREIBURG in Baden. 



50S2 



37 Frledrioh S* 



Pension Utz Internationale. 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY PENSION. Charming situation near the Schlossberg wo 
Stadtgarten. Newly furnished. Excellent Table. Home Comforts. Terms 41/2- • 
= Highest English and American references. ■ 

300 



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Hapsburg monarcbs Maximilian I., 
Philip I., Charles V., Ferdinand I. 

Rathaus, a double building dating 
back to 1550, and lorrning an admir- 
able example, of early-Renaissance: the 
staircase is exceedingly characteristic; 
and the peal of bells is celebrated. 

Kornhaus, a quaint building with 
projecting gables, contains, in the 2^^ 
storey, a beautiful Concert Room. 

University is an old Jesuit mo- 
nastery containing a library. The 
Grand- Ducal Palace was erected by 
the French architect d'Isnard in 1770. 

Archceoloj^ical Museum contains 
ancient weapons, objects, of industrial 
art and relics from the Allemanic 
graves. 



Nat His. 8c Eihnological Museum 
contains carefully classified collections. 

Black forest Museum; Municipal 
Picture Gallery (with good specimens 
of German masters), numerous Uni" 
versify Institutes &c. 

Interesting relics of the old fortifi- 
cations are to be seen in the Schwaben 
Thor and the Martin's Thor, two fine 
and tastefully restored belfries each 
with an archway and clock. 

MONUMENTS: The Column of 
Victory, commemorating the brave 
deeds of the Baden army in the Franco- 
Prussian War, consists of a granite 
obelisk surmounted by a bronze statue 
15 ft. high, and bearing a medallion 
to the memory of General von Werder 



FREIBUIG. BLACK FOREST. 

SANATORIUM LORETTOBERG. 

For nenroos and internal complaints, 
diseases of the heart and bloodvessels* 

Complete equipment for hydropathic, light and electric treatment. 
Dietetic and vegetarian cuisine. Splendid situation in own grounds. 



5024 



Prospectus gratis. 

K. MARTIN, M. D. 



and the 14th Army Corps; Statue 
of Berthold Schwarz, . the monk to 
whom the invention of gunpowder 
is ascribed (1340); Schreiber Monu- 
ment; Werder Memorial; Bcker 
Memorial; Hilda Tower. 

FOUNTAINS : a Gothic fountain 
(15th cent.) near the Minster; Bert- 
hold's Brunnen; Albrecht's Brunnen, 
with statue of the Grand Duke 
who founded the University; Zasius 
Brunnen; Leopold's Brunnen; and 
a late- Renaissance Fountain in Fried- 
rich St. 

BRIDGES: The Schwahenthor- 
BrUcke, bearing two handsome figures, 
sculptured by Seitz; Raiser strassen- 
BrUcke, an iron structure with four 



granite columns each crowned with 
a statue, likewise by Seitz. 

Freiburg is a celebrated educational 
centre. Besides its various schools, 
it possesses a university of great fame. 
Indeed, the excellence of the lectures 
here attracts numerous American 
students, including a large proportion 
of ladies. 

The attractions of the city, b"*^ 
in summer and in winter, are v 
numerous. The theatre and concf 
are of the highest order. The fori 
is principally frequented during 
winter months; while in summer 
Public Gardens (conceits daily) f 
the centre of social life. 

WALKS AND EXGUBSIOmS: ^ 



r 



■ Schwabenthor up Schlossber.^ (l,o25 ft.). 
The climb is rather a steep one, but 
}s rewarded by the beautiful gimiise 
afforded of the M inciter from the end or 
the Iznnaenibal Road, near the so-oniied 
Kanonen PI. Hard by are the ruins 
of two strong castJes destroyed by the 
French in I'i'iA and dovv su' roundel 
by pretty gardens. From Ludwigsbohe 
(i,SOO feet), above Kanonon PJ., a fine 
view ot the Dreisam Valley with the 
city and the Rhine f'Uin is obtained. 
The highest point of the moantnin is 
the io-oalled Mond (l,5oO »bet), rea(^hed 
from Ludwig>h6he, via Hnlnmoud, Fell- 
bergblick and Ilohen Briioke. 

Other excursions may be combined with 
that to the Schlogsberg. For example, 
from the Hohen Brilc.ke, a footpatli leads 
by Silbermann Brannen to St. Ottilien. 
Nearly two hours further is the Ross- 
kopf, a fine height (2,-00 feet) with an 
outlook tower. Beyond, it are the rains 
of Zahrintrer C«»tle. 

Among innumerable ether delightful 
trips, the most cel^bratei are: - To 
Waldsee, a lovely spot within Va hour 
of Wiehre, the pretty suburb lying 
along the left bank of the Dreisam; 
to Bad Littenweiler (another hour); 
to tre charmins: village ot Giinteistal 
& the well-known rt'sort of Lorettoberg. 

L,OR£TTOBEUG, owing tO its 
beautiful situation and good climate, 
is one of the most favoured spots in 
the vicinity of Freiburg. It has con- 
sequently been chosen as the site 
for a sanatorium called Sanatorium 
Lorettoberg which commands an un- 
broken view of the city and the sur- 
rounding wooded heights. Tranquilly 
located in the midst of large park- 
like grounds, the institute bears the 
character of an elegant private resi- 
dence without the slightest suggestion 
of hospital or hotel life. Its rooms 
are exceptionally large, light and 
lofty; its hygienic and sanitary ar- 
rangements answer all modern re- 
quirements; and the woods in the 
immediate neighbourhood afford an 
inexhau.stible variety of most delight- 
jl walks. 

The chief complaints treated are: — 

Tvous affections; disturbances in 

etabolism, e. g. gout, chlorosis; 

seases of the heart and bloodvessels; 
jeumatism; female compUints; con- 
alescent conditions etc. (debility, 

ronic typhlitis and the like). 



Great attention is paid to ciisinc 
and a choice is givea of mixed or 
vegetarian diet, where the latter is 
not peremptorily prescribed. 

Baths of every description (electric, 
light, carbonic acid etc.} as well as 
natural and artificial massage are 
employed. 

MVIiLHEIM (POP.: 4,000. — HOT.: 
Ilahnhof; Nene Post; Lowe) lies on the 
slopes of the mountains, rather more 
than a mile from the station. The sur- 
rounding hills are covered wit'i vines 
trom which the celebrated Marki^r&fler 
is obtained* From the s*^ation, a steam- 
car rnns through the Klemmbachtal to 
Radenweiler. Other excursions are to 
the Blanen, the Belch en &c. 

BADENWEILER. 

POP.: OOO. - VISITOUS: 6,000 (annually). 
ALTITUDE: 1,450 feet. 

HOTELS: Sommer; Bomcrbad; —both 

iBt class. 

BOABDING-HOUSES: Pens.Beintaardt; 
Pens. Deinlngrer. 

KUBTAXE: Day-ticket 60 pf.; weekly 
2 mks.; for whole season 20 mks. 

CABS: One hour 3 5U m'vs.; for every 
extra hour 2.60 mks.; (gratuity). 

BADENWEILER is one of the 
finest subalpine spas in Germany: 
it lies in a charming spot, on the 
north-western slopes of the Blauen. 
Encircled by the magnificent hiUs 
and pine-woods of the Black Forest, 
its climate is remarkable for equability, 
absence of local breezes and rarity 
of bleak or of relaxing winds. 

These climatic conditions , com- 
bined with the thermal baths, make 
this spa an excellent resort for 
patients suffering from rheumatism, 
goat, diabetes, diseases of the re- 
spiratory organs &c., and adapt it 
for convalescents and aged persons. 
The baths are especially suitable in 
cases of neurasthenia, amenorrhcea 
and dysmenorrhoea. 

Its chief building is the Pavilion 
(Kurhaus) in a fine, well - timbered 
park , containing remains of old 
Roman baths. A flight of steps leads 
up to the ruins of an ancient Castle 
on a spot commanding a view of 
the Rhine and the VoSges. Opposite 



?08 



the entrance to the park stands the 
Grand Ducal Castle (16th cent.). 

The Marmorhad is a fine edifice 
in the style of a Roman bath. 

EXCUBSIONS: Apart from the delight- 
fat walks in the immediate nei$;h boar- 
hood. (sQoh as throagh the Pfarrvrald, 
to Sophienrobe and to Alten M«nii) 
Baden weiler offer:) the opportunity of 
more distant excursions, e. g.: — 

To Schloss lifirgeln, formerly a part of 
an old Benedictine monastery, now used 
as a hotel and affording a iin« view. 

To BliAFEBT, a mountain 8,850 feet 
in height which may be ascended either 
via Schloss Bdrgeln or Alten Mann: from 
the tower which crowns it a magnificent 
panorama of ihe Black Forest, the 
Bhine Valley, the Voeges, the Jara and 
the Alps, inclading Mout Blanc and the 
Matrerhorn, comes into view. 

T0E BEI.CHEN (Hot. k. Belelien) 
is the finest point in th3 Black Forest. 
Although the second in elevation (4,000 
feet), the view obtained irom its summit 
is grander than that from any of its 
sister heights. At its foot lie the 
valleys of the Wiesen, the Mdnster an^ 
the Bhine; westwards, in the distance, 
are the Vosges Hts. ; to the S., the Jura, 
backed by the snowy peaks of the Alps ; 
while eastwards are the pine- clad peaks 
of the nearer Black Forest. 

SVIiZBlTRG. — ABUIYAL: By rail 
to Heitersheim and thence by coach. 

HOTELS: Korliaas; Harkgrafen. 

This hamlet of 1,'<.00 inhab. lies in a 
pretty, wooded region, ana is intere<«tin«r 
on account of its Benedictine cloister, 
founded at the close of the UJth cent. 

Some 2V2 miles farther lies 

BAD SULZBUBG, wi»h a Kurhaus 
charmingly situated among the fir- 
wnods and sapplied with exclallent 
mountain water. 

Black Forest V: From BOHL to 

WIEDENFELSEN, BARENSTEIN, SANO, 

HUNOSECK, HORNISGRINOE, 

MUMMELSEE and OBERPLATTIG. 

BVHIj (see Bl. For. IV) is a janotibn 
for the Strasburg Branch Bail and 
the light railway running to Ober- 
thal, whence vehicles mMv be ob- 
tained for Mie LUFTKUBOUTE an der 
BADENKB UOHE. 

Also reached by vehicle from Baden- 
Baden. 

WIEDENFEIiSEN is a "Kurhaus'* 
of extensive dimensions built entirely 
of granite. 

bABENSTEIN is another mountain- 
resort, 8^000 feet above the sea- level, 



and possessing a fine "Kur*' hotel called 
Schwarzwald Hotel ^'Barenstein**. 

The favourite trips are to the Bftreia- 
steln, a high and rugged orag ascended 
by means of a ladder and affording 
a fine view; and to the Qertelbach 
Fal'8. 

A short distance eastwards lies SAKTD, 
a celebrated healjbh-resort at the jane- 
tion of five roads and having an ele- 
vation of 2,715 <eet. 

From Sand a road rung to Windeek 
and 

UVNDSECK, a climatic resort with 
an altitude of iK)0 metres, consisting of 
an extensive and comfortably-arranged 
'Kurhaus'. 

nOBNISGRIHTDE is a fine moun- 
tain, whose bald summit, rising to a 
height of 3,800 feet, attracts numerous 
tourLits and other visitors. The view 
it affords is very extensive, embracing 
not only the peaks of the Black Forest 
and Saabian Alps but also the plain of 
the Bbine as far as Strasburg and the 
ruins of Brigittea Castle. 

A slight detour, on the way to the 
mountain, leads one past Breitenbroniiy 
a beautiful mountain- resort, surrounded 
with glorioas woodland walks, and 
offering: a fine, unbroken view down 
the valley. 

Descending Hornisgrinde Mt. on the 
other side, we gain the left shore of 

JIIlJnillIEIiSEE, a magnificent sheet 
of water, in whose sombre depths, the 
reflection of the steep pine -clad hills 
produces a solemn and weird effect, 
which has doubtless given rise to the 
legends of the nixies said to inhabit 
the plnc*». 

OBEKPIiJLTTlG (Knrhotel), a cli- 
matic health-resort on the road from 
Sand to Baden-Baden, has diligence 
communication with Biihl Valley; it is 
sanounding by splendid pine -woods, 
and commands a fine view ot the valley 
of the Rhine. 

Ober and UnterPlattig each stand at 
the debouchment of roads coming from 
Badener Hdhe; while, a short distance 
beyond Plattig, the road branches left- 
wards to Oberthal, at which spot 
stands the fine Karhotel caUed 
Schwanenwasen. 

Black For. VI: From APPENWEIER to 
OPPENAU, SULZBACH, ANTOGAST, 
ALLERHEILIGEN, FREIERSBA''" 
BAD PETERSTHAL, GRIESBA 

KNIEBIS, RIPPOLDSAU, 
FREUDENSTADT (see route V 

OPPESr A U. — POP. : 2 000.— HOI 
Hot.-Pens. s. Post; eoldener Adl' 

class. 



304 



f 



Mountain and Climatic !Resort 

^ ALLERHEILIGEN ^ 

(Railway Station, Oppenau.) BLACK FOREST. Altitude 620 metres. 

f^otel zum Ijfloster ^llerheiligen 

in midst of extensive woods, 10 minutes from the famous 
— --^ BUTTBRSTBINBR WATER PALLS. { * ■ 

2794 First-class family house. Well furnished. 100 beds. 

<^ flotel zum V^asserfall <^ 

10 minutes below the falls. 30 beds. Pension in both houses. Carriage to 
Oppenau Station on request 

Mittenmaier Bros., prop. 



This little spa is a busy spot, 
well adapted for a protracted stay 
on account of its central position 
and the large number . of beautiful 
excursions in the valley of the Rench 
&c. Moreover, it possesses chaly- 
beate springs and is a favourite health- 
resort. The bath has diligence 
service to the spas of Kniebis, and 
is the centre of several fine 

SXCUBSIONSs The Bench Talley, 
Kniebis, Allerheiligren, Moostnrm Ae. 

BAD SUIiZBACH. — ALT.: 1,050 
feet. — HOT. : Bad UoteL 

BAD SULZBAGH lies in a lovely 
side valley of the Rench, at an elevation 
of over 1,000 feet 

EXCUBSIONS: BadkOpfle, Ramspacher 
Eck, Warhtaohroffen, Alrschmatt &o. 

BAD ANTOGASTiUOT.: Bad Hotel), 
is a spa with an excellent Kurhaus 
situated in the lovely Slalsaeh Talley, 
and possessing a celebrated steel 
sprinfi^. 

GXCUBSIONSt To Fernsicht; to 
Zoflucht and Kniebis; Bulbach and 
Mnrgthal. 

ALLERHEILIGEN. 

iTITUDEi 2,090 feet. 
ITELS: Ws8serfall-Hot.y lit class, de- 
ifal situation, 10 min. below water- 
xnin Kloster AUerhelllgen, I'tdass, 
rhtfnl situation, alt 1,070 feet, snr- 
ided by extensive woods, starting- 
t for numerous excursions, pa- 
ised by American families. 
LLERHEILIGEN is a favourite 
-Mc resort situated in a magni- 



806 



ficent spot and surrounded by dense 
forests of pine which charge the air 
with ozone. The neighbourhood is 
seamed with well-kept paths flanked 
at short intervals with seats com- 
manding beautiful prospects. 

The resort is one of the most fre- 
quented in the forest, its great attrac- 
tions being the elegant cascades and 
the celebrated ruins of the old Abbey 
founded by Duchess Uta of Schauen- 
burg in 1190, and destroyed by 
lightning in 1863. 

Allerheiligen is a good centre for 

EXCUBSIOKSy the favourite beinff to 
Sehliffkopf and to Battensteiner Falls, 
— the latter a fine series of cascades 
in the course of the Qriindenbaoh. 

Tourists may follow the green valley 
down to 

KAPPEIiRODEGK (Bot.BrbprtoB; 
Lowe)y a little spot past which a locid 
line of rail now runs to Ottenhofen. It 
is celebrated for the beautiful Castle 
ofBodeek which, founded about the 7th 
cent., has been restored and extended 
in Renaissance style, and is well worth 
visiting. 

Beyond Eappelrodeck. and at the en- 
trance to the Kappeler Valley, lies 

A€HERBr (POP.: 4,000. — HOT.i 
Adler), a busy little town engaged in 
the manufacture of agricultural imple- 
ments, cigars, bottles &c. 

BAD FREIERSBACn (ALT.t 1,150 
feet — BOT.: Bad Botel), lying in an 
expansion of the Bench Valley, is a 
spa of considerable repute, possessing 



20 



seven chalybeate springs charged with 
carbon 1(5- acid. 

BAO I'fVrBRSTIf Ali (ALT.: 1,30 
feet. — HOT.: Karhotcl ; Bar; Uirscli. 
— KVBTAXE: 3 inks, week y; is a Spa 
and mountain-resort situated in the 
romantic valley of the Rench» and at 
an elevation of 1,400 ft. It possesses 
four springs containing protoxides 
of iron as well as other salts and 
quantities of carbonic-acid. 

^ BAD ORIESBACH (ATiT.: 1.6G6 ft. 
HOT.: Bad Hotel. — KUHTAXE: 2.51mk8. 

"weekly) is a ce'ebrated spa, situated 
some '^Vs miles beyond Petersfchal, and, 
like the latter, possessing ciialybeate 
springs which have been known for 
some centuries. 

From Griesbach, the road follows 
the right bank, of the stream west- 
wards for a short distance, and then, 
turning sharply to the left, begins to 
wind up the sides of 

Hoant Kiiiebis, the way being very 
beautiful and the niountain, which is 
8,200 feet in height and lies just within 
the boundary of Wurtemberg, affording 
a good view. The descent may be 
made on the other side, the road 
soon joining a mountain beck, called 
the Wolf, and following its course 
past the town of 

RIPP0LD8AU. 

ALTITUDE: 1,8q7 feet. 
HOTELS: Bippoldsan; Erbprlns. 

This little spa, beautifully situated 
in the narrow valley of the Wolf, 
and surrounded by fine, sweeping 
hills, which, clad with sweet-scented 
coniier-woods, present a true Black 
Forest character. 

The climate is bracing without 
being bleak: the springs, four in 
number, are very useful in cases of 
ansemia, debility and their conse- 
quent disorders. They are all of 
them chalybeate; but the Joseph- 
quelle contains less iron and more 
Glauber^s salts than the others, and 
is well adapted for disturbances of 
the digestive organs. 

Rippoldsau is connected by a good 
carriage - road with PRE UDEN- 
STADT (see route BI. For. VIII). 



Black Fo . VII: From OFFENBURG t» 

GENGENBACti, HAUSACH, 
H.Rrt^BEfiGJRiBERG, FURTWANGEN, 

gutenbach, st 6e0rgen, 
peterzell-kOnigsfeld, 

VtLLIMGEN. DONAUESCHINGEN, 
IMMENDIKGEN and SINGEN. 



OFFENBURG (see route Bl. For. IV) 
is a town of 9,C00 inhab , s.taated at the 
em ranee to the Kinzig Valley, which is 
traversed by the Black Forest Bail way, 
the first station called at being 

GEXGENBACH (POP.: B,O0O. — 
HOTELS: Schwarzer Adler; Sonne), an 
old town with remnants of former 
ramparts , gateways and ancient 
church - towers, which point to its 
former importance. Most of its build- 
ings,, however, do not date back 
beyond the 18th cent., although one, 
the Benedictine Abbey, now a training 
college for teachers, was founded in 
the 8th cent.: the Abbey Church, and 
Si. Jacob's Chapel, on Kastelberg, 
are also worth seeing^ 

A long run past Bieberach and 
Haslach brings us to 

HAVSACH (POP.: 1,600.— HOTELS: 
Hlrsch; Eni^el; Krone), a picturesque 
village S'tuated at the entrance to 
the beautiful Gutach Valley and over- 
looked by the ruins of FUrstenberg 
Castle. 

EXCUBSIONS: To Farrenkopf (2,700 
feet), from which a magnificent view 
is obtained of the Kinzig and Gutach 
valleys, the so-called Schwarzwald-Rigi 
On foot or by rail through the beau- 
tiful valley of the Gutach, filled with 
orchards and green meadows, to the 
finely-situated village of Gutach. 

Hausach is the junction of the rail 
running up to Schiitach, Alpirsbach 
Freudenstadt and Eutingen (cf. route 
Bl. For. VIII). On the main line be- 
yond Hausach no place of impo***-'^'"* 
is called at till we reach 

HORNBEKG fPOP. : 2,600.— ^. 
1,H1B 1 1. — HOT. : Knrh Sehloss Hornbc 
Baren; Post), beautifully situated o 
steep mountain - slope. It possesse 
picturesque castle, and is an excel 
cent'p for 

EXCUUSiONS: To Sefalossber r, 
horu^erg, Berneckthal and Sehrai 
berg &e. 



306 



TRIBERG. 

POP, J 3»«m>. — ALT.: 8,368 feet. 

HOTEI^K: Black Forest Hot. (Schwars- 
wftld'Hot:), one of the best in the Black 
FoTost, Bfl^ndid sitaation 1 00 ft. above 
town, oii\y hoase in immediate neigh- 
bourhcind of the waterfall, laree garden, 
adimiiiii!^ woods, excellent table, saites 
with bHth and lavatory, winter sports, 
pairoDitted by best American society; 
Rote] Wflhrle^ l*t class old family hoase, 
rt^commeLidpd for eTcellent onisine and 
great cleanliness; Hotel * Pens. Knprel, 
goo'l 2^^ cL, moilern comfort, moderate 
terms, nmrdbus meets all trairs. 

KUHTAXK : Daily SO pf^ weekly 1 mk. 

T HI BERG, a spa and mountain- 
resor\ of great celebrity, is situated 
on the Black Forei»t Railway in the 
very heart of the Forest. 



Its fihe mountain climate and the 
vicinity of the pine-woods render it 
very suitable in cases of nervous com- 
plaints and aflfections of the digestive 
and bronchial organs; while the ex- 
ceUent roads and hill-gradients adapt 
it admirably for the application of 
Professor Oertel's 'terrain kur' in cases 
of heart-disease. Surrounded by huge 
pine -clad hiPs, and possessing the 
finest waterfall in Germany, it attracts 
annually over 10,000 *kur* visitors 
and some 50,000 tourists, a large 
number of whom are Anglo-Saxons; 
consequently, although the place is 
so small, it possesses, besides its own 
catholic and protestant churches, an 
English place of worship. 



3880 (Black Forest) TRIBERG (Black Forest) 

Black Forest Hotel 

(SCHWARZWALD - HOTEL). 

FIRST-CLASS FAMILY HOUSE, WORLD-WIDE REPUTATION. 

:: :: New d^pendance dose to the waterfaU. z s 

2 Lifts. — Electric Light — Vacuum-Cieaner. 

===== Open during summer from /5»k April to IS *^' October. sss^Bmamam 

Open during winter from /5th December to /5ti» March (WINTER SPORTS). 

Omnibus meets trains. L Bleringer, Proprietor. 



The inhabitants are mostly engaged 
in the manufacture of cuckoo & similar 
clocks, Triberg being the centre of 
the B'ack Forest clock-making industry. 
These so-called Dutch clocks are ex- 
hibited in the Gewerbe- Halle, which 
forms the principal sight in the town. 

From the Gewerbehalle, a walk of 

a few minutes leads to the celebrated 

waterfall, which is the largest in Ger- 

y; the road is indicated by sign 

s, following whose direction one 

1 finds oneself on a projecting 

5 from which an excellent view is 

atned. Here the Gutach or Fallback 

:ipitates a not inconsiderable volume 

water from a height of 954 feet 

the basin below, the booming and 

ning fall being broken into seven 



grand cascades by the mighty granite 
blocks which intercept its course. 
The waterfall, as well as the town, 
is illuminated every evening by elec- 
tric light; while, on Sundays, Bengal 
fire is employed to enhance the fan- 
tastic effect. 

The town possesses a band of 28 
musicians, playing every week-evening 
throughout the season. There is also 
a tennis-lawn; and trout-fishing may 
be had in the various streams. 

From the left bank of the Gutaoh, a 
pretty footpath leads past the pavilion 
to th^ celebrated Wallfahrtskirehe or 
Maria in der Tanne. Other charming ex- 
carsions are to Kesselberg; to Stdekle* 
waldskopf (high belvedere with magni- 
ficent prospeot of the Swiss Alps from 
Mont Blano to Sftntis and of the 
Tyrolese Alps); to Sehonaeh (1 hour); to 



307 



20* 



HOTEL WEHRLEJ 



TRIBERG. 



Best Bituation near Ihe waterfalls, 
— Every English com fori, electric 
„ ,, ,^... _ light tn rough out, -^Dark-room.- 

Baths, — Mtlk ciire. - Park, — PE?rsi03r, - Moderate charges. — Good trout fishing. — 
Concerts in iront of the botcjl. — Omnibua meets all trains, — Proa pectus with Guid^ 
STABLING. — Tel. 27. Opeu alt tHe ye«r rouuil. — AUTO-GARAGE. 



il 



50? 7 



TRIBERG 



HOTEL ^ PENSION ENGEL. 

CL08K TO TIIK \V A rr:RKALL, 

Good 2rid ctRBS. All mndcrti cumfort^. Moderate tL^rms i lull board fmni 1 — 7 Markfi). 

Omnibus mcet5i i\,U Irn ni=, llelkrrH-lichdnf^r, ptL^p. 



Elzaeh (H^a honra)t nnd to Schoenwald, 
situated ^^hS f«e^ above Triberg. 

FVRTWAni'fj £ ST <POi»,j e,ooo. - 

HOTELS^: Ko1ln{^; Uvther Oelii}, is dn 

imiuatriiil town tioing h tliritiE,^ trjida 
in l>iatqU oloiks and etraw-plrtitrnff. 

In th« ueigbbottrhood of Furtwuj^gen 
tbero are some dnlif^htfnl walks uiifi 
strollB, suck ha to Lachhausle, Lan^en- 
dricb Viilioy & H^lzlGbruck ti^nr Kea- 
8tadt, or return vi& SfihfinwAld toTriber^- 

About an hour and a halfs journey 
beyond Fiirtwangen liea 

OlJTENIlACil (DOTEL^s MorbUarfr; 
Postj, a favcjuiii© mouuTain atid health 
ip^ortj wbfir^o in habit autd nre BicpilarJy 
e'l^taeed to tbc^so of Furtwangen, 

EXi'LlIf!iH}?£S: To t|ie bfatitifal Ztitfn- 
bach FalH (;? JtK> ft.) ; to Simonswdlderihai 
and the flue vaU**y of the Wi.dgutach^ 

ST, GEiO&I^EV (POP.: i,(]GO. — ALT.: 
2.800 leet — ElOIEL^: AdJt-r; Dent&ehf'a 
llani; Ellraeh), is a favuunte bealth- 
lenort within ttn Jioar'fi waik of the 
spot >ffb<>re the Bftit^eTi ri^es. the fitrepini 
^A^hi^h miu^le!! its waterM with the BrFg 
at Donnueschlngen (ste beTow}, to form 
the Donao (Danube), 

IldlCIOMi-ni.n (ALT,: 2^1500 feet. — 
HOT, : KathniiB DonlnFrald), About SO min. 
distant troin Peterjiell-Kdni^s'eld Rail- 
way Station on ibo ttichnicallj interest- 
ing Bl^ck Fort at Llno^ iai a inpidJy de- 
veiopinijf heaUh-roftort. 

VfI^M£l«EN tPOP,: IXm.— HOT,: 
Waldhotek ; IUdoip; tkeatsciier KAi^icr; 
Falkc) is an impoitacit industrial town 
and one of the leadin;^ centres of the 
clock trade. It ia an ancient pUc^, which 
ba* preservenl oongltierable rdioi of its 
old walls and {^ate-wa^-ai nmonc them, 
the moat noteworthy is St, Hieliael'a 
Tower. Th« mo^^t IntsreBting bui'diTigs 
are:— the Uithman, a \^^^ cent. eUifii e 
rontaining aoine fine roomie; the Miaiater 
Cfaurclij in Oothiti atyle, with two Tiiwerd 
(A, O, 1420) and ralpahle tien-^ure^- 

A branch lino of tail ivlua from 
ViLLlngen to 



Di: RR II i:i n u lt, s ■i.^vi ft. - hot, : 

Kurhiiit^ k 1Sii]tDeDli(»tpl), a ehelCered spa^ 
remarkHblB f.^r its elevation. 

HOTEI^S: Enm !Si']ii{lt£eii ; LxDiinjIi the re- 
fiiJeniial tovvn of the PrinCBH of FuriiteTi- 
berg, is a spa of cnn^^iderabEe ion own. 
Close lo the Prince's Caatle wella up a 
clear sji ring with a marble proup hnnring 
the insic^riptian 'f67S Jii,.il. If . : 3810 km 
hit Kfiiii Me^re" (i>7H metres above aea- 
levtil: '^H-lOkm. to thespfl). Th« reference 
i» to the aprmg^n* boiiifg the source of the 
Dan aha (gl St, G«orM:en}. The waters are 
ctindufttid underground to th* Drlgtch 
>truam whie^h, alter ita confluence with 
thfi) Breg. bec^uicua the Danube. 

The atatlon is the junction of tlie 
Black Foreat Hai wny with Ibe branch 
line runniug ti> Furtwau^rn and vith 
t'le celebrated Holleuthul Railwayr 
which gives acceaa to Neusiadt, Titian Q 
anri Ifreiburg. 

II11I1EXDI\GE\ (HOT.: Fa1ke> is 
ft town of scarce 1,000 souls but impoi- 
tnnt as tiie juni^-tion of the Black Forest 
Ksilway whh the Totttingftn-Rottwnil 
Line and with the strategic Mail way 
running South west wards to ThieoE;<sn 
and Waldshnt, (see Bl For. Sill). The 
Black For^mt Lino runs on to 

SIVOE^ (UOT.: Krone; Adler). the 
function with the Necikar Hail way. On 
a solltEiry height to the I^ W. ai« the 
ruins of the old Castle of Hohentwi^L 

Black Forest VllI: From HAUSACH 

to W0LFACH, SCHILTACH, 
SCHRAnflNlBERG, LAUTER8A0H: 
via SCHILTACH to ALPIRSBJ 
RUaOLFiHOHE, FREUDENSTADT 

From Hauaach a ^ ice of rail bra 
eastwards to sflveral tEnportHtit to' 
and resorts. Tha firit stopptng-^pl'' 
Wulfacb, 



308 



f 



WOT.FACII (POP.: 2050. — HOT.i 
8«lmeA; Krone; Klefemadelbftd), which 

enclosed by steep xnountains, lies at the 
cooflaenoe of the Wolfbach with the 
SiDKigr & afiPords several good ezcnrAions. 

SCniIiTACH (POP.: l.eOO. — HOT.: 
Oehs; Krone; Knirel) — a very ancient 
village doing a thriving trade in wood 
— lies in a lovely spot where the 
Schiltach mingles its babbling waters 
with those of the Kinzig, and is over- 
looked by the ruins of an old castle, 
situated on a heiR:ht to the S.£. and 
some 800 feet above the hamlet. 

Either on foot or by branch railway to 

SCHRAMIIIBEBO (POP.: 7,0(0.— 
HOTELS: Post; Hirsch), prettily-situated 
on the Schiltach and overlooked by the 
loftily-posted and picturesque ruins of 
Nippenbnrg Castle. The place is not 
only a deligbttul summer-resort but pos- 
sesses considerable industrial interests. 
The most important manufactures are 
crockery- wafe, straws and clocks; in 
connection with the last, there is a 
) rivate mnseam. 

Carriage ioad:4 connect Schrammberg 
with Rottweil, Konigsfeld, St. Geor^en 
and Hornbeig. The last, which juns 
south east • aids, is also the route to 

liAUTERBACH (UOTELS: Eur- 
haas; Sonne), a favourite little health- 
resort, situated about S'/a miles beyond 
SSchrammberg on the Homberg'^r road 
the route passes the well-known Laatpr- 
bach Falls, and — while well wor'h 
doing on foot — ^s traversed thrice daily 
byadiligence. Thehatulet it surrounded 
by delightful wools; aid there is good 
flshipg m t le lianterbach s ream. 

AI.P1RSBACII (POP.: I,5f0. ~ 
HOTELS: Sch>ran; Lowe) is situated 
close to beautiful pin«- woods, and pos- 
sesses a Romanesque Church begun in the 
Uth cent., completed during the Tran- 
sitional period, and tastefully restored. 

From the valley in which Alpirshach 
lies, a side valley opens eastwards Half- 
way along its length it bends south- 
wards, reaching, at its further end, a 
height of l,67.T feet. Here is situated 

BA1> RUDOIiFSHOIIE in elevated 
and sheltered simati n. surrounded by 
pinewoods risin^:. in easy gradients, to 
an altitude of 2,100 leet. 

FREUDENSTADT. 

RIVAL Ac: Per rail from Stuttgart 
lS.). From Strasburg via Offenburg- 
sach (3 hrs ). Cog-wheel railway to 
iter-Reiohenbach in Murgtal. Auto- 
to the Kniebis, the Renchtal 'Spas 
the Rnhestein Wildsee. 2 Stations, 

t and Stadt Bahnhof. 

P.: 8.000. — ALT.: 2.600 feet. 
-A SON: lit May till lit October. 
ISITOBS: 7.000 annually. 
EMPKBATUBE: Mean Sumicer, 12.&0R. 



HOTELS: Sebwarxwald Hotel, Black 
Forest Hotel & Dependanoe Hotel Wald- 
lust, lit class house, next the station, 
snrronnded by a very beantiful park, com- 
fortable bed-rooms and reception rooms; 
Karhaos IValdeek ; Hotel Post. 

FREUDENSTADT, the most elevated 
town of Wurtembcrg, is situated on 
a high plateau, and has been named 
the ''Pearl of the Black Forest". It is 
surrounded with enormous forests of 
fir (16,000 acres) and bright green 
meadows backed by the blue Swabian 
Alps, prominent among which are the 
Hohenzollern and the snow-capped 
mountains of Switzerland. Owing to 
the altitude and the vastness of the 
forests, the air is exceptionally pure 
and ozoniferous aqd, even at the 
highest temperature, never still. The 
extensive woodland walks in the im- 
mediate neighbourhood are always 
found to be dry. The most famous 
of them is the Teuchelesweg with its 
numerous seats, tables, shelters, its 
clear springs and water-falls which 
have obtained wide celebrity in the 
fashionable world. 

Freudenstadt is the chief starting- 
point for the most famous B'acU 
Forest excursions :—AIIerheilii»en, Wild- 
see, Mummelsee, Bad Rippoldsau, the 
Renchtal Spas, the Knzigtal, Kniebis, 
Murgtal Sankenbach Waterfalls &c. It 
is also unrivalled as a resort for nerve- 
sufferers and for supplementary treat- 
ment after visiting Carlsbad, Kissingen, 
Nauheim, Neuenahr &c. The principal 
ailments treated are: — nervous com- 
plaints, affections of the heart, anaemia, 
obesity And diabetes. 

There are, in Freudenstadt, a 
sanatorium for nervous complaints, 
5 physicians, 2 pharmacies and a 
hospital in modern style with medicinal 
baths (electric baths, faradisation 
&c.). Supplementary hereto is the 
Bothner'sche Badeanstalt with vapour, 
saline, pine-need e, mud and carbonic 
acid baths. Moreover, there is a 
handsome municipal light, air and sun 
bath; while, beyond the villa district, 
stand three woodland cafes. 



Freudenstadt. 



i: 



Alt,: 2,t<y} feet. Subtdplne Climate. 

Mountain Resort for « 
Treatment of Nerves. " 

o SEASOWt lat May rill l*t Oiiober. o 
number of VUltor^ Afinualty: ?,000» 

la Wurtemberg niai^k Forest, J^ftOO feet. Express trains from Stuttgart 2 hr»,. Slras- 
burg 3 hrs,, Cnrlsruhe 3'/« ^^^- Cogwheel Railway, Mo&t frequented resorl of nerve- 
silfTercTS. Level, 07 uniferoua fir- woods, E:xce]lent Spntig-w.iter Milk ^ 'Terrain' treat- 

Arr".b«.b!"AipiS'e"v.Ts. Maoniflcent MoutitaJnous Country, KTJ'^'" 

*Kur' The.itre. Reading-room, Shooting. Fishing. 'Diakonissen-Kurhaus'. S Physictani. 
Famous Hotels (25) Boiircting-houiies, About :oo Private Flat*. Villa Dtsirict. 3 Woodland 
Cale», Towi?r Reslanrant, Protestant A Cath. Churches. 'Illustrated Guide to Freudenstadt* 
(♦tb edition). Information gratis on application to Stadtsclio It betas Hiurtranft. 



g 

hi 




r 



i 



FREUDENSTADT 2,600 fget above Sea. 

On the Stuttgart— Ofrenbarg—Strassburg Rail. 

Black S^oresl 3(olel. 



w 



casi? Especially recommended by the Travel Editor of «Tlie ^bneen**. toss 

A CHARMING SUMMER RESORT renowned for ite healthy position, bracing 
pure air, and most beatitiful landscape. Freneh Cnislne. ElffCtrJe Llftat. Lawn 
Tennia. The Hotel atands in the mldet of ita ona eHormous Parkf Central 

Bealdenee for Exearaiona. Open the whole year round. 
•M Illustrated Pro^ectua. *•• EBNEST LUZ, Proprietor. 

2420 Dipendance Hotel Waldlust. 



Altboagh t..e place ntanifesls rural 
tranquillity, there is no want of enter- 
tainment. It posses5es a *Cur' Theatre 
(Manag. Robert); woodlanci fetes are 
arranged; there are three 'Cur' Bands; 
and good fishing, shooting and lawn- 
tennis is to be had. The tables of 
such leading hotels as Waldlust, 
Schwarzwald Hotel, Hotel Post &c. 
are among the most famous in the 
Black Forest. .Altogether the town 
contains 35 hotels & boarding-houses 
and some 200 private flats. It has 
an excellent water-supply, electric 
works, and sewering; and the roads 
are .regularly watered, — advantages 
. which render it an international resort 
much frequented by Americans. 

Freudenstadt was founded in 1599 
by Duke Frederick L, who settled 
a number of protestant refugees here 
'from Salzburg. It is built in the form 
of a square, and is a wealthy industrial 
town possessing 8,000 acres of timber. 

The market place, with an area of 
4Vi hectares, is surrounded with ar- 
cades in Italian style, beneath which 
there are elegant show-windows. 

One of the most interesting build- 
ings of the place is the Proiesiant 
urch, — a curious structure wiih 
naves placed at right angles and 

tended respectively for the use of 

en and women. The pulpit is situated 
the junction of the two parts, so 

» to enable the preacher to obtain 

view of both his audiences at once; 

bile they, themselves, are hidden 

e one from the other. The church 



contams a Komane?quc font (ll^h 
cent.), a renowned crucifix, 26 richly 
gilded reliefs with figures of biblical 
characters, and some magnificent 
carved choir- stalls. 

The Catholic Church contains a 
fine altar in Italian Renaissance. A 
third church" is the Friedenskirche 
of the Methodists. 

High above the whole stands the 
Herzog-Friedrichs Turm, a flagged 
tower perched on the Kierberg (2,626 
ft.) and visible for a great distance. 

BAIERSBRONN (Oehahotel), whence . 
a road threads the valley of the Korbach 
to Kappelrodeck (&ee route Bl. For.VIi. 
But the main road continues down the 
valley of the Murg to 

SCHONMVNZACII (HOTELS: Wald- 
born ; Waldhiitite), a favourite summer re- 
treat situated near the confluence of the 
SchonmQnzach stream wito the Marg. 
The principal trips are to Wirtschart %m 
8ehlosa; a walk of ab >ut 4o min. through 
pine- woods to SagemShle (V4 hour) ; to 
Schormsee* a lake lying among the moun- 
tains 1 hour westwards; a road up the 
valley of SchOnmunzach to Mummelsee 
and Uornisgriude (see route Bl. For. V). 

Black For. IX: From FREIBURG by the 
HOLLENTHAL railway to HINTER* 

ZARTEN, TITISEE, NEUSTADT, 
BAD BOLL and DONAUESCHINGEN 
(see Black Forest Vil). ' 

This is one of the finest trips in the 
forest: the railwHy runs along the banks 
of tbe l)reisara t«» 

IIIXTKUZAKTEBT (ALT. : 2,900 feet. 
HOTELS: Hot. Kahahof; z. Llnde; Adier; 
sam Wtflsseo Bossle), a delightful hamlet 
much frequeuted i\s a mountain-resort. 
It possesses a pretty church, and is a 
capiial centre for excursions toFeldberg, 
Titisee *e., the latter being reached by 



811 



the road-way through Erlenbtaek, tfpoti 
-which, Rt a height or 5,0 feer, stands 
the Gasthaas sam Sehwan. Another road, 
past the Bossle mentioned above, rtins 
into the H51leBthal Road, from which 
a taming northwards leads to Oden- 
bach and Breitnan; beyoad the prettily- 
situated church in this latter place 
rises the Hoehwart (2 hrs.)} fr«im whose 
summit (S^tO feet) a fine Alpine view 
opens oat. 

TlTI.SEi: (HOTELS: Titisee; Baren) 
is a gmall but delightful resort which 
owes its name to ttie beautiful lake oh 
whose shores it has beisn built. Till the 
year 1887 it was comparatively un- 
known, being merely of importance as a 
junction of tlie Black Forest stage coach 
bervice. But in that year the celebrated 
HoUentlial Railroad from Freiburg to 
Neustadt was opened, bringing with it 
possibilities for the village or Titisee 
which arci as yet, still in the bud. 

Titisee consists of a picturesque 
group of houses and hotels, wiih the 
lake spread out before them in glassy 
beauty. This is a fine sheet of water 
fed by the Seebaeh and other streams. 
It is surrounded by maguificent hills, 
whose green pastures and Rombre woods, 
6 h ado wed in the waters below, form an 
enchanting picture. Good skating ana 

EXCURSIONS: Hirschb&hlaussieh ts- 

liutte, 3,106 tt., V4hr. ; Baehfelsen, 20 min.; 

. <;iiarlottenrahe, 10 min.; Saigr, 3,2 '.0 feet; 

Hinterzarten, 1 hour. Somewhat further 

is the excursion to Hoehfirsty 8,600 feet. 

From Titisee via Schluchsee to St. 
Blasien to which an automobile now 
runs. (See r .ute Bl. For. XII). 

NEUSTADT (POP.: 3 500. — HOT.: 
Adier-Postly the terminus of the HoUen- 
tlial Line, does a thriving trade in 
tanning, wood-carving &c. It is situated 
at the confluence of the Reichenbach 
and the Gntach. The neisrhbouring ex- 
cursions — such as to Hochflrst (*/4 hr.), 
Tenneberg (Vs hour), Botheubach an<l 
Friedonweiler — afford views of the 
Black Forest and the Alps. 

Neustadt is now connected by rail 
with Donaueschingen. One station of 
this new and beautiful line is Lofflngen^ 
the stopping-place for 

BAD BOIili, a spa and climatic re- 
sort in a beautif ally wooded spot and 
famous for its angling. 

BlAck Forest X: From TITISEE via 
FELDBERG to TODTNAU, SCHONAU, 

ZELL Im WIESENTHAL, 
SCHWEIGMATT. SCHOPFHEIM and 

lOrrach. 

There are verv various ways leading 
from Titisee to Feldberg; but it is usual 
to take the coach, which runs daily. 



FELDBERG. - 

Feldberg is the highest point in the 
Black Forest, and indeed, with the ex- 
ception of the Schneekoppe (5^0 feet), 
the highest of the German Mittelgebirgen. 
Its long and giant form, with its Ave 
lateral oranches. determines clearly the 
configuration of the southern half of 
the Black Forest. The principal peaks 
are Seebnck (4.758 feet), to the east, 
Baldenweger Unck (4.798 feet), to the 
north, and "Hochste" (4,9X0 feet'. On 
the hrst of these' stands a Bismarck 
Monument; while, on the last, there are 
an outlook tower ("13 feet in height) and 
a hotel called ^Zam Peldbergthnrai*'. 
The cliff^d are, on all sides, precipitous, 
and present us, as we traverse the 
mountain ridge, with varying scenery 
of a bold and rugged character. On the 
northern slope ot the Feldberg and 985 ft. 
below Seebuck, lies Feldsee, black with 
the shadows of the surrounding cliffs. 
It has a maximum depth of 106 feet, and 
is fed by the Wutach, falling in mighty 
cascades from the depression between 
Seebuck and Baldenweger Buck. These 
waters leave the lake on the east as 
the Seebaeh. Three other streams, the 
Alb) the IViese and the Dreisany also 
have their sources on Feldberg. 

The frlopes and spurs of the mountain 
up to an altitude of 4,4H0 feet, are co- 
vered with luxuriant undergrowth ; while 
the bald summit commands a magni- 
ficent view. In the foreground lies the 
Black Forest with numerous valleys 
and heights; sharp and rugged s:and 
out the Kaue Alp and Hegauer Kegel; 
beyond appears the long and picturesque 
line of the Vosges, and in the distance, 
the mighty Alpine groups, peak on peak 
in sharp and serri«*d array, from the 
Zngspitze to Mont Blanc. 

in winter th« hotels are much fre- 
quented by skiers. 

The principal approaches to Feldberg 
are the carriage roads from Titisee, Todt- 
naui/W.& St. Blasien. Besides these, how- 
ever, there are numerous delightful forest 
1 oads, such as those coming from the vari- 
ous stations of the Hollenthal Railway. 

Moreover, the choice of excursions is 
not less extensive, the favourite being 
to Herzogenhorn, Spieshorn, Silberberg, 
Schaoinsland, Belchen, and to the in- 
dustrial towns or' Todtuau, Reman. 
HenzenschiTand, St. Blasien, Titisee 
Sehlaehs'c. 

TODTXAU (POP.: 1,800. — HOT* 
Oehs; Bar), is a small place situate, 
the head of the Wiesen Valley. ] 
celebrated for its delightful excun 
to Todtnaaberger FallSy which be] 
to the highest and finest in the Foi 
The route further up the valley ] 
the source of the stream to Feldl 
(see above) well repays a tour; and 



312 



p 



her* one may proceed via Kirchaarten 
or Titiaee to Kreibarg. 

Todtnau is the terminus of the rail- 
^'ay -Hhe running" from Schopf heim 
dp the-beautifuL Valley of thfi Wiese. 
The next station on the line is 
^ S€HdNAU(POP«: 2,000. — HOTELS: 
80ni>e; Oehs), a prettily-sitaated pJaoe 
with masy shady promeoades, and offer- 
ing lome delighttal excursions, among 
wibicta, that to the B^lofcen is* perhaps, 
the finest (pee route B1. For. IV). 

ZELJL 191 WIESESTTHAIi ^OP^: 
8,400. - HOTELS s Lowe; Krone) is a 
ciarming little summer- resort^ whose 
iiihabitants are occupied in the spinning 
a^d weaving indastries. The vallesr in 
w^ieh it is situated is very beautiful 
atid romantic, its heights being dad 
with forests of pine and beech. Among 
it^ nnmerons excursions, the finest is 
to ZeUer Blanea (IVi hours; 8,500 feet) 
affording extensive Alpine views. 

From Zell the rail runs down to 

S€HWEIG1»IATT (ABKITAL: See 
Waldshut. — HOT.: Kartasas), buried 
abiong woods and surrounded by fine 
points of view, from which the Alps, 
the Vosges, and the Jura Mts. become 
visible. Many charming excursions 
may be undertaken, one of the best 
being to Basel; w th its stalactite cave 
(Brdmiinnlein Hohle, 1 mk.). 

From Schweigmatt, a short run brings 
us to the I'unction of the line at 

SCHOPFHEIM (POP.: 8,600.— 
HOTELS: Pflag; Droi Kontge), only inter- 
esting as the junction of the Wiesen 
Valley Railway with the Strategic Line 
connecting South Germany and Alsace. 
The latter line affoid^ communicatinn 
with Wehr, Sackingen.Waldshut, Schaff- 
lifiusen, Immendingen &o. 

The Wiesen Valley Line follows the 
banks of the stream pant Haaven, Brom- 
bach end Bottela Castle and Bains to 

liORUAClI (POPULATION: 10,500. 
HOTELS: Mirseh; Krone), a busy town 
with a manufactarin{>: population. 

In the neighbourhood there are many 



fine excursions, such as to SeMttenbave 
on the Sebidelberfy from which a beau- 
tiful view; thence, via Bottlerweiler, 
to the ruins ot Bottelm Castle, where 
a splendid prospf-ct may be enjoyed. 

Beyond Ldrrach the line divides, one . 
branch crossing the If less k> Leopolds- 
faOhe — the other running on to Bale. 

Black For. Xl: From SCHOPFHEIM to 

WEHR and through WEHRA VALLEY 

to WEHRAWALO and TOOTMOOS. 

WEBtB (POP.: 8,500.— HOTELS: 
Crose; Adler), a market town overlooked 
l)v the ruins of Werrach Castle, is service- 
able to the tourist as a good starting- 
point for visiting the magnificent valley 
of the Wehra, which, as one ascends it, 
becomes more and more Interesting. 
It has the character of a rugged ravine 
with shaggy crags overhanging it on 
either side, the road being half-way up 
the sides of the valley, and the stream 
rushing Bud foaming over the granite 
boulders below. One of the finest spots 
is where the route passes under a short 
tunnel cut through the side of the hill, 
and another, the celebrated Hart's Leap, 
after passing which, we xeach 

WEHRAWALD. 

ALTrrVDK: 2.818 feet. 

Wehrawaki Sanatorium, erected in 
1901 from designs by Herrn Hofrat 
Turban and Herrn (jfos of Ziirich, 
situated in a quiet retreat, is intended 
for the reception of consumptives, 
prophylactics and patients afflicted 
with chronic lung diseases, pleurisy, 
chronic bronchitis and asthma. Built 
on a southern spur of a lofty and 
thickly-wooded range of hills, and 
overlooking the Wehrathal, it is 
thoroughly sheltered from bleak north 
winds by magnificent fir- woods. 



SANATORIUM WEHRAWALD. 

Near TODTMOOS, in ttae JBlack Forest, wSonitaern Baden. 

5023 Nearest Railway Station, WEHR (Bale-Sackingen Line). 

9,816 feet above tbe sea. 

^est situated Sanatorium of Germany for Consumption and 
Diseases of the Chest. 

f and sheltered from winds. Surrounded by magnificent Pine Forests. Perfect 
Hygiene. 100 Beds. FCvery Comfort. 
Directing Physician: Dr. Lips. Managing Director: Mr. K. Heti^er. 
=^===n Open all ilie year round. «__s 
....ormation and descriptive Illustrated Guide sent free by our representative for 
~" Bvltain, Mr. A. £. Hftbach. 3 Broadway, Ludgate Hill, London £.C. or by the 
DirecUon Wehrawald. 
3id 



€ 

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wij^,a^si"^i^ 









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B«ijig quite open to the S. & S.E , its 
clitnate combines alt the advantages 
of a forest and mountain retreat. 

Besides the principal building, there are 
a physician's residence, administrative 
offices and an engine-house in the valley. 

The chief structure consists of a five- 
Jitoried main building, with patients' 
roomSf and two wings containing re- 
spectively the hydrotherapeutic rooms 
&c.,and the offices, dining-hall & kitchen. 

In this way the highly important 
principle of separating all subsidiary 
rooms from the others has been 
strictly observed. 

In front of the central building is the 
resting pavilion, 80 metres long and 
with two wings running out at an angle 
to the south. Below the pavilion is a 
promenade of the same length. In the 
surroundmg grounds two more resting 
pavilions have been erected. On the 
ground-floor of the central building are 
the elegantly furnished reception rooms, 
concert -hail, drawing-room, library, 
reading-room &c. — all of them facing 
south. The physician's house contains 
the doctors' private apartments and 
fourteen rooms for patients. All the 
upper floors consist exclusively of the 
patients' bedrooms. Altogether, the sa- 
natorium contains ninety-eight rooms, 
not a single one of which faces north. 

The establishment has its own supply 
of spring- water, sewerage system wi:h 
disinfecting apparatus, low-pressure 
heating and electric light. The principle 
of cleanhness and disinfection is strictly 
enforced throughout. The walls are hung 
half-way up with washable hygienic 
paper: the floors are covered with lino- 
leum; electric bells & telephone are flited 
to all parts of the house; and the prin- 

al building contains hydraulic lift. 

[!he onrative treatment is stciotly in- 

idnalistic, being based on the method 
vised by Brobmer and Dettweiler and 

proved by Turban. The head phy- 
aan is Dr. Lips, formerly assiscnnt at 

, Tnrban's sanatoriam, JJavos. 
TODTMOOS (ALT.: 3,0J0 feet. — 
OTBLS: Karbaui k Adler; Loive) is a 
•alth - resort a few miles from the 
oroe of the Wehra. 



Back Forest XII: From WEHR via 
SACKINGEN and LAUrENBURG 
to ALBBRUCK aMi through the 

ALB VALLEY to HOCHENSCHWAND, 
St. BLASIEN & e.CHLUCHSEE. 

SJILCKINGE:!(r (POP.: 4,160, - ABBI. 
TAL : Bale-CJonstanoe Knilway. ~ HOT. t 
Bad Hotel; SehBtse; eoldaer KBOpf) 

possesses a thriving silk-indastry and a 
considerable trade in wood. Its principal 
baHdingd of int rest are:-y- Ihe Stlft- 
kirche, containing reliqaariesand other 
treasures; Sebonsa Castle, on the Ebine^ 
made celebrated by Scbeffel's '^Trom- 
pett>r von SkcKir gen'*; the War HoanmeBt 
near the station; and a monument to 
Sebeffel. It is said that the gravestone 
ot Werner Kirchhofer in the churchyard 
suggested to Soheffel the subjeot for hia 
famous poem. 

liAVFENBUBG consists of two ▼!!• 
lages one lying on the right bank of the 
Rhine and belonging to Baden — the 
other, on the lett bank, being Swiss. 
The former is nsmed 

KLEIN-LALFEKBUBft (INN: Pest), and 
is joined to 

GROSS-I^AUFESTBURG (HOTELS t 
Adl«r, old-established and te ommnnded ; 
Sol bad, new and good) by a picturesque 
bridge re;iting on a remarkable rook 
that juts out of the Rhine. 

The stream, forcing its way between 
high and rocky banks, forms aniuterest- 
ing rapid called the "Laut'en". Above 
the village, there nre a number of mineral 
spiings whose waters are wondertuliy 
eificKclous in the treatment of rheumatic 
complain'S. 

AliBBRUCU (ARRIVAL: Bale-Con- 
stance Railway. -> HOT.: Zain A'bthsl), 
sitUMted at the entrance to the Alb Valley, 
i.H a village offering lovely excurRiotm to 
St. Blasteo, Hoeiiensebwand A Feldb^rg. 

The valley is of the grandest type. 
It ascends noitheast wards from Alb- 
bruck, the road (which fOilows the right 
bank of the stream) beiQg cut along the 
sides of the hills. At distances of 1^4 hrs., 
we pass Tlefonstein and Nioderujiihle, 
the nrst section forming the finest stretch 
of the whole valley. Twenty minutes* 
walk beyond Niedermiihle we reach 
Immeneich, where the valley broadens 
and the way di^ides, the main road 
following the stieam to St.Blasien, and 
that to the right leading up to 

HOCHENSCHUAND (ALT.: 8,086 
ft. — HOT. : Hotel A Ponsloa Knrbsns), 
the highest health-resort of Baden and 
offering many attractions in the way 
of scenerv to tourists and visitors. 

EXCURSIONS: The most beautiful are 
those along the magnificent Alb valley, 
such as to Immeneiehy 1 hour*s olimb 



815 




iMimieti 



Dpfli 
from 

1i 
1*t Bet 

Delightful Resort in elevated and wooded 
Valley of the Black Forest 2,545 ft. above sea. 

HOTEL 8t KURHAUS 

OF THE l«t ORDER. 

Season: 15th Hay— 1 at Oct* 

Greatest modern comfort; 200 rooms, ntw hall, magnificent reception rooms, elec. light 
open and closable glass verandahs (42 dining-tables), hot-water pipes, lift &c. Pension. 
Special tables provided with dietetic dishes arranged according to complaint of patients 

Sanatorium Villa Luisenheim, 

on southern slope of wooded Boetzberg. — Open the whole year. Recently rebujii 
and modernised. 30 rooms and saloons, — almost all with verandahs facing sc>uth 
Lift. Cuisine under medical supervision. Large lying-out hall on the edge of ihc 
woods and connected with the villa by a colonnade 50 m. long. Tranquil situarion — 

Dietetic treatment, electrotherapy, hydropathy in own hydro. 
All kinds of baths and douches. Mud, carbonic-acid, saline, electr. light, air and Eun 
Baths. Quietly situated rooms for swathing. Lying-out hall and colonnade. Massage 

and Gymnastics. "Terrain" Treatment. 

Indications: Especially diseases of the Nerves, of the Stomach and Intestines and oJ 

the Nutritive System generally. Mental and pulmonary diseases are excluded. 

===== Detailed Prospectus gratis. ===— — 



down a steep foot -path, the descent 
being best undortaken by the road- 
way, which affords, at every turn, beau- 
tiful glimpses of the Ahs and leads 
throngh Froknsehwand, Tiefrcnhanserii 
and Bmnnadem to Nlederiniihle. 

About a mile to the N.E. of Hochen- 
schwand, the road coming from Walds- 
hut and passing through the resort 
meets the Alb Valley Iload to 

ST. BLASIEN. 

ALTITUDE: 2,534 feet. 

RAILWAY STATIONS: Titisee (Hdllen- 
thal Line) Albbruck and Wnlashut (Bale- 
Constance Line-, whence vehicle in 4 
hours; autocar in IVa hours from Titisee 
or Waldshut. 

HOTELS: Hot. & Knrhans St. Blasien, 
a first-class establishnaent consisting of 
Klostergastbof, Knrhaus (with large 
annpx, Friedrich-Luisenruhe & Schwarz- 
waldhaus, and standing amidst old and 
shady grounds on the banks of the Alb. 
The buildings contain 200 rooms and 
are fitted with electric light and every 
other modern cotntort, including an ele- 
gant "Halle" (built 1905) with German & 
foieign periodicals and a special musio- 
rooin. They have also magnificent co « er- 
oU and open terraces, tenuis-lawns play- 



grounds &o. The oaisine is excellent Tli€ 
institution is especially adapted for votu* 
plaints of the nervous and circulatory 
systems, disorders ot the stomach Atvi 
intestines &c.; Hot. k Pens, znr Kron^i 
2nd class, open all the year and sped ai],> 
suited for winter, 23 rooms, elec. li^ht, 
lift, baths, central-heating, large las tan- 
rant; Hot. ft Pens. ^Hir8ehen'% a nev¥ 
building, capable of affording com fort- 
able residence to 100 visitors: the room^ 
are lofty and spacious, the tabU ex- 
cellent. In none of the three hausafi 
can phthisical persons be accepted, 

BESTAUBANT: Zam Hiittlebnck, b^ 
St. Blasien, forms a pleasant afternoon 
excursion and is famous for iu coffee 
and milk, the latter being milked direct 
into the glass. 

ST. BLASIEN, formerly a vast an J 
imperial Benedictine Abbey, is no" - 
climatic and health resort as well 
charming and much-frequented sum 
retreat in the S. of the Black Foi 
It possesses only about 90 buildi 
all of them having the characte 
mansions. Moreover it is a post 
telegraph station and is the stfi 
several grand-ducal officia's. 



816 



/ 




317 



»U Blaslen ^^b^IT' 

Hotel & Pension "Hirschen" 

contains 75 bed rooms, beautiful, lofty and comfortably appointed, 
and with 100 excellent beds. Large dining and - drawing rooms. 
Own Tlennese Cafe, with Pilsen and Mantch Beers and billiards. 
Verandas afford direct communication with the needl^-woods and 
their shady walks and banks. — Baths, el ee trie livht, telephone^ 
own Tehlcle on the premises. — Prospectus forwarded by 

3879 U. Dossenbacli, prop. 



Lying at the junction of two 
elevated valleys of the southern Black 
Forest, with an excellent porphyiy 
and granite subsoil, the place is soon 
freed from snow and rain, especially 
as its situation is a sunny one. These 
characteristics, together with the pro- 
tection afforded by the neighbouring 
Peldberg, render it, even in May 
and June, - exceedingly suitable for 
patients suffering from complaints of 
the nervous system or of the organs 
of respiration or circulation. 

The resort is surrounded by fine 
sylvan scenery and grand hills. The 
walks in the vicinity extend for several 
miles, and are not only well-kept but 
have a constantly varying gradient, and 
are supplied with over 400 seats. 
■/4 hr. suffices to reach points of view 
commanding whole ranges of mountains 
including the highest peaks of the Black 
Forest. For 10 years the late Grand 
Dnke of Baden and his consort honoured 
the institute with their regular visits. 
The neighbourhood offers first-rate 
opportunities for shooting and trout- 
fishing. Besides the Kurhaus, which 
is open from 15th May till 1st October, 
and has a fine fountain playing in 
the grounds, the most noteworthy 
buildings are the Hall of Industry 
(Gewerbehalle), and the stately Church, 
— the latter built by Ixnard in 1783 
on the lines of the Pantheon at Rome. 
The Church is a beautilul Barocco 
building surmounted by a cupola and 
now undergoing restoration. 

Among the excellent sanatoria of 



318 



SU Blasien the following may be 
mentioned, namely: — 

The Hydropathic Establishment of the 
Hotel Sc Kurhaus Si. Blasien, whose 
beautiful situation, as indicated above, 
as well as its excellent appointments, 
renders it one of the best of its kind 
in Germany. It contains compartments 
for ladies and gentlemen, with mud, 
saline & electric baths, gymnasium &c. 
Bordering the forest there are light and 
air baths on a large and beautiful mea- 
dow. Managing physicians are Hofrat 
Dr. Determann and Dr. van Oordt. 

Sftnatorium Villa Luisenheim, 
which is beautifully situated on the 
southern slope of the Botzberg in 
the immediate neighbouthood of the 
pine-woods, and some 100 ft. above 
the valley. It has been recently en- 
larged and thoroughly renovated, is 
supplied with electric light, and con- 
tains 30 rooms, to nearly all of which 
there are covered balconies. The 
cuisine is under the direction of the 
physician, whereby the diet is adapted 
for the various diseases, such as 
diabetes and complaints of the digestive 
organs. The methods adopted are 
principally hydrotherapy, electricity, 
massage and gymnastics; while the 
complaints treated are those of ♦**- 
nutritive system and of the exr 
and circulatory organs. 

EXCURSIONS : To FEIiDBER 
route Bl. For. X), an enormons moan 
rising^ to nearly 5,000 ft. above the 1 
of the sea and, indeed, the third in r 
of height in Germany; to the Tnsen 
a charming waterfall (Vi hour), Stc 
baeh (10 min.), Waamerateiii (V4 h' ; 



f to i 



to tb« Wlndberir VtikU (V4 hoar), Grots- 
faefioprln Lai^PATwhe (>/4 hour), Grosa- 
liersoir Frii^iiricli Taaae \»/4 hour), to 
L^b«iiho|»f Hill ^U hoar) with t.'wer and 
AlpiaA vieyr; \a the Albtbal via MnaseB* 
Aehwand nr. m fine weather, a better 
route vm Hoch^^nsehwand. 

n^1!imK\SCHWANU (HOTELS; 
BlTflcJi; Adl«r> is a favourite health- 
resort ftitaated at the base of Feldberg, 
whose spars enclose the village and 
effectually shelter it from the N. and 
B. winds. 

SCHLVCHSEE. — POP.: 600. — 
ALT.: 8,17a feet. — ABBIYAL: Trom 
Albbrnok or from Titisee. — HOT. : Hot.- 
Pens. s. Stera. 

Ttiis favoorite snmmer - resort la 
sitnated in an elevated, healthy and 
beantifal position about 10 minutes 
distant from the lake whence it derives 
its name. This narrow sheet of water, 
over 2 miles in length is surrounded b^ 
charmine forest scenery. 

EXCURSIONS: To Fsaleaflrst (•/« hour) 
with fine view of the Alps; through 
SehlBebtthal to Thienfren by coaah, or a 

Srettier road via Bothbansy with magni- 
cent Alpine view. 



Biack For. XIII: From ALBBRUCK via 
WALDSHUT to IMMENDINGEN. 

WALDSHUT. 

POPULATION: 4,000. 

ABBIVAL: via Bale-Constance Bail- 
way. 

HOTELS: Bahntaof- Hotel; Blame; 
Bebstork. 

A quaint little health-resort situated 
hi^h above the Bhine and at the jimo- 
tipn of the railway lines Bnle-Copstai ce- 
VValdshut-Ziirioh and Waldshut-Immen- 
dingen. ^ 

The last line (the 'strategic railway*) 
follows the valley of the Wutach as 
far as Grimmelshofen, passing (a short 
distance bf^yond the confluence ot the 
stream with the Bhine) the little t<iwn 
of Thlpngen, whence a road leads up 
the ScMUcht Valley to (40 min.) KAO 
BBUCKHAUS, a well-siniated but smnll 
spa within 10 minutes* walk of Hasel- 
baeh Falls* 

A long run trom Thiengen brinpj^; us 
to Immendingen (see B'. F«jr. VII). 



7> 



o^Sm Hotel „Jl£ffS 

Newest, largest and most modern first-class hotel in the City. Electric light and 
pas-eng^er elevator. Steam heat Running hot and cold water in every bed- 
chamber. Private baths. Cooking unsurpassed and prices moderate. S2( 7 



35: From FRANKFORT o/M. via 

DARMSTADT and HEIDELBERG (tee 

route 30), to HEILBRONN, 

LUDWI6SBURG and STUTTGART. 

DARMSTADT. 

POPULATIOX: 83,700. 
HOTEL: Bess, Istclass, bnilt 1907, near 
Station & G. P. O., every modern comfort, 
suites with bath, Stigler lift» vacuum 
cleaner, garatre. 

BKSTAUBANT: Hotel Bess, elegapt, 
recommended for wine and beer. 

CABS: V4 hoar, 2 pers., 60pf.; 4 pers. 
PO pf. ; V2 hour, 1 mk. and 1.40 mk. ; 
1 hour, 2mks. and 2.40 mks.; pair-horse 
cabs, 20 pf. extra. 

^NeL. CBUBCH: Boyal Chapel, Sun. 
a.m; 480 p. m. H.O. l»*San. 8.30 
•.; 3rd Sun. noon. 
BEATBB: Crossliersogl. Theater. 
ARMSTADT, the capital of the 
id Duchy of Hessen, is a regularly 
It place, with the principal railway- 
Jon at one end, and Rosenhohe 
ion at the other. Close by the 
sr is a fine lake, called Woog, 



into which the river Darm falls: the 
lake also serves for bathing. In the 
centre of the town stands the 

Palace, a 16*h cent, edifice with 
fine faQade, beautiful Renaissance porch 
and elegant tower. The building con- 
tains the Grand Ducal Library of 
600,000 vol. and 4,000 MS5: in the 
picture gallery are some fine paintings 
by Rembrandt, van Dyck, Rubens &c. ; 
while, in the upper story, there is an 
archeeological museum. 

To the S. of the palace stretches 
the irregular Markt PI., embellished 
with a fountain and surrounded with 
several interestmg buildings. Here 
stands the Rathaus, a Renaissance 
structure erected in 1568. At Markt 
Passage will be found the old palace, 
where Queen Louise, consort of 
Frederick William III., was brought up. 

Adjoining the Markt PI. is Ernst 
Ludwigs PI. in whose southern corner 



819 



risles the White Tovier, a remnant of 
the medisB^al ramparts; while in the 
centre there is a monument to the 
Franco- Prus§iah War. ; 

At the eastern end of Scbul St is 
the jsretty !^eal Gymftasium With, close 
by, the irregularly built Ludwig Georg 
Gymnasium and the Technical- High 
School. The building beyond, with the 
high tower, is the "Old Gy,mnasium". 

From here, Hugel St. leads to the 

New Palace, built in 1862—65 
from designs by Kriauss of Mayence. 
It is a graceful structure in Italian 
style, with a particularly good fa9ade 
on the garden side. The interior 
contains a marble stair- case, whose 
walls are hung with Gobelins, a room 
with handsome, carved ceiling and 
very valuable tapestry (*Iphigenia' 
and 'Admiral Coligny*), numerous 
paintings &c. The grounds, which 
were formerly the Botanical Garden, 
are very beautifully laid-out. 

Following Wilhelm SL southwards, 
we reach the Palais of the late Prince 
Carl. It is in Italian style, and the 
situation, with its extensive view of 
the Rhine, is very beautiful. The other 
buildings of interest, such as the 
Theatre, Museum and the OhiRathaus, 
lie close to the Schloss: the Govern- 
meni Building, and the Palais are in 
Luisen St. The Herrengarfen, beyond 
the Theatre, Mathilden Hohe and 
Rosenhohe (Palais and MausoUnm) 
are also worth visiting. 

In the south of the town are the 
Grand -Ducal Garden and the Grand- 
Ducal Orangery. 

The environs of Darmstadt are ex- 
ceedingly beautiful, the country being 
undulating and covered with woods of 
various kinds. An extensive railway 
system gives access to meuay places of 
interest and renders the town an ad- 
mirable centre for numerous charming 
excursions. 

HEIIiBROHmr (POP4S 84,000. — 
HOTELS: Boyal, opposite %\x^ Station, 
recently rebuilt; BahDUofstaotel; Neckar 
Hot.), a town m IhdaStrial and manu- 
fa6turin^4mpoi>t8fnce oeautifully situated 
op, 41^0 ifeoSajr, j^J^taios an iiis^xical 
niu9P^m m^ a lat^-OothiQ paihaus. In 
th^ archi'^es dr^ lett^rt VrittieiiMby' tlie 



iron - banded €15ts von BeTllefclagreiif 
Frans tob Siekfagen, Sehlller Ac. " — 
Kllian*s Kirehe, a late -Gothic Ghttroh 
with a Lip:h tower, Deutsches Hans, 
Diebesthurm and several other bnilAlnga 
are well worth visithig. 

JLVDWICISBIJI^. - POP* t 22,000. 
HOT.: Bahn Hot.; Sonne. — Tiiia toyrn 
is one of the resideuces of the £^ing of 
Wijrtemberg. The most important 
bnilding is the Schloss, Qontaimng fine 
portraits of the Wiirtemberg mbnarchs 
and, in a Chapel, the tombs of the 
princes. In the Schlostkeller, the large 
tun (000 hectolitres). The 'Schloss' is 
surrounded by a magnificent park with 
artifical ruios, from which a splendid 
view is obtained. From the Schloss 
Garten we reach in Vs hour, the ch&teau 
Monrepos; the lake, hard by, contains 
seven islands. 

In the Biarkt PL stands the monument 
to Duke Eberhard Ludwig, tlxe founder 
of the town: at Wilhelm^s PL, there is 
a marble monument to Schiller. 

STUTTGART. 

POPULATION: 246,988. 

HOTKLS: Harqoardt, Itt class, direct 
entrance from station, excellent position 
at Schloss PI., one of the best-managed 
hotels in Germany; Silber, l«i cl. house, 
central situation, close to Station and 
Royal Palace, omnibus meets all trains, 
auto -garage, Heinr. Stapff, new prop. 

BOABniN&- HOUSES: Pens. Bnitxel, 

10 Olga St., iBt class modern comforts, 
terms per day & person from 5 marks 
upwards, English and American home; 
Pens. Bfithling, 31 a Urban St. corner of 
Eugen St., central po«iLti on, facing south, 
old established, lilt, central heater, bath, 
80 well-appointed rooms, renowned 
cuisine, reasonable charges; Pens. Bareiss, 
14 Kdnig St^ situated in quiet healthy 
spot close io Station, Palace & Theatre, 
— moderate terms, recommended to 
English and Americans. 

CAFE-BESTAUBANT: Konigin Olga-Ban 
with conditorei attached, under excellent 
mat>agement of Mr. W. Kronemann: 
the building, which is the property of 
Duchess Wera and a fine Kenaissance 
structure with Barocco interior beauti- 
fully painted and decorated; forms one 
of the sights of Stuttgart. 

CABS: Within the town, 15 miL 
2 pers., eo pf.; 4 pers., 80 pf.; Va 
2 pers, 1.20 mk. fee 

U« S. CONS.: Henry B. tforgan, 

11 b Herdweg. 

ENGL. CHUBCH: Olga St. (St. Ca 
rine's). Rev. P. Whitefoord, M. A^ 
O'ga St. Sun..a0 a.m., 10^80 .m.mi 
p. m , -,( Wiftt,) «k 80 i WfBd. s^ Wvu 1 
H. 0. Ayery Sun. 80 a. m- and 61: 
an^lTrA' Siti. Ai? mMday. ^ 



POST OFFICE: Parf4en St. ^station) 

THEATBK8: Koalfl. Hof -Theater; 
80 in mpr theater; Beiehihallea (Variety). 

CUNGKBT8: Stadtgarten (military); 
Llederhallegarfem Kaiserhnf. 

GEKEBAL OFF. OF THE UAMRUBe- 
AMKBICAN LINE: 3S Frtedrleh 8t. 

STUTTGART is the capital of 
Wiirtemberg and the residence of the 
king, and vies with Leipsic as a centre 
of the printing and publishing trades. 
Moreover, both in situation and in 
architecture, it ranks among the finest 
towns in Germany. Its principal 
buildings are the following: — 

The Rcsidenz Schloss, standing close 
to the fine broad street called KonigSt, 
which runs for a length of over ^/^ of 
a mile through the centre of the town. 
The edifice is a fine specimen of the 
Renaissance, erected 1746—1807. It 
consists of a main building with two 
wings, and is surmounted by an 
enormous gilded crown. Its 360 odd 
rooms contain some beautiful fres- 
coes and a large number of paintings, 
some fine statuary (Dannecker, Thor- 
waldsen &c.) and a quantity of valu- 
able porcelain. Near it is 

The Old Schloss, a somewhat irre- 
gularly built edifice, erected in 1553, 
whose courtyard is embellished 
with an equestrian statue of Count 
Eberhardl im Bart the first Duke of 
Wurtemberg. Close by is the Academy, 
beyond which are the Royal Library 
(500,000 volumes, 4,000 MSS.) and 
the Record Office containing a col- 
lection of minerals and palaeontological 
antiquities. The building beyond is the 
Konig Wilhelm Palais; while, passing 
along Neckar St in the reverse direc- 
tion, we reach 

The Hnaeam of Arty which contains, 

^Dg its statnes, a large bust of 

ller by Dannecker, the celebrated 
I sculptor: the locks are said to 
) been chiselled off by the sonlptor 
D£f a fit of insanity. The pictare 
)ry is very extensive and valnable. 
contains specimens of many varions 
ols. Opposite the building htands the 
9 behind which lies the beaatiful 
OSS Qarten. Among other objects of 
'est are the Memorial Coloniii of 
r Willisny the Lisst Memorial in the 
''^ Anlagen, statues of SehlUery 



Btsroarek and Moltke, tbf* War Ofllec, 
bt« Joiiannesklrelie and Marienklrelie. 

In the environs, there are some beau- 
tiful excursions, the favourite bfing to 
the roval chAteau called Boseastela acd 
to Wilh^lmsy a palace in Moresque style, 
built for William I. in 1812. Moreover, 
there is the beautiful Sobloss Oarten, 
a splendid park with two fine lakes 
and an extension stretching away to 
Canrstatt, to which a bridc^e leads 
across from the suburb ca'le<i Berg. 

CAMlfSTATT (POP.: 25,000. — 
H0T£L8t Stidtisehea Loglrhans; Tier 
Jabresseiten) possesses some chalybeate 
springs. Its 'Kursaal* and various private 
therHPeutio establishments attract a 
considerable number of health-seekers. 
The place, however, assumes every 
year a more marked manufacturing 
character. 

Arsenic Spa Levje o- VeMolo 
(South TyroiJ: MIT see cover* 

36: Frtm STUTTGART to ULM, 

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN, LINDAU and 

CONSTANCE. 

ULM. 

POPULATION: 45,000. 

BOTE L8 : Bnsslseher Hof ; MUnster Hot. 

This ancient city lies on the Danube, 
between Wtirtemberg and Bavaria, and 
was once a free city, whose former im- 
portance is still recognisable in the 
character of its buildings and fortifica- 
tions. These latter, however, have been 
in recent years to a large extent de- 
molished and modem forts ere -ted out- 
side the old city. 

Ulm's finest edifice is its celebrated 

Minster, in the centre of the city. It 
is a beautiful Qothic structure second 
in sise to Cologne Cathedral only. The 
foundations were laid in 1877, and the 
building completed towards the close of 
the 15th cent. The finest part is the tower 
in the middle of the western facade: the 
interior contains some beautiful paint- 
ings, some excellent 16tlt cent, wood- 
carving and an enormous organ, — the 
largest in Germany. The church-tower 
affords a magnificent view. Among other 
important buildings are the W^ cent. 
Bathsns, the so -called Xene Baa (1590), 
the Indastrial Museum (Tauben Gasse), 
the Weinhof and Trinity Church. 

Some distance beyond Ulm, the rail 
passes through the small but ancient 
and inteiesting town of Biberach, 
and reaches, about 15 miles further, 
Anlendorf Jonetion. Twelve miles be- 
yond, we stop at RATE NS BURG 
(POP.: 4,000.— HOT.: Post), a very old 
town surrounded with vine-clad hills, 
and still possessing, in its ramparts and 
towers, much of its mediaeval character. 



8S1 



HenoA.a ran of another 12 miles brings 
as to the terminas of the line, namely 

FRIEDRICHSHAPEN. 

POPULATION: 4,000. 
HOTEL: Dentsehes Ilane. 

This is a busy town situated on 
the shores of the Lake of Constance 
with a railway station at the harbour, 
whence steamboats. run> several times 
daily, to the various other towns 
bordering the lake. The place c6n- 
tains a collection of antiquities (many 
of them prehistoric), which have been 
gathered together by the Bodensee 
Vercin. Moreover, in the Castle will 
be found a number of- modern paint- 
ings; while, froEH^Jiiedel Park, a good 
view of the lake and the surrounding 
districts is obtained. 

Besides'the above- mentioned steam- 
boat lines, there is now a railway al- 
most encircling the lake. Among other 
places to which it gkVes access is 

LINDAU IM BODENSEE. 

POP.: 6,000. - ALT.: 1,800 feet. 

HOTEL: Bayerlscher Hof, I'tolass. op- 

• poeite landing-place, terrace with pretty 

view of lake, — the hotel is fitted for 

snmmer avid winter residence and has 

a good motor-car shed. 

LINDAU, the terminus of the Ba- 
varian State Railway, is charmingly 
situated on an island in the Lalce of 
Constance, with whose shore it is con- 
nected by two bridges. The view of 
the resort from either of these or from 
the mainland is extremely picturesque; 
while the panorama of the lake and 
its surroundings is almost unrivalled. 
Countless Alpine peaks rise one above 
the other, the most striking summits 
being the Pfander, the Gebhardt Mts., 
the Vorarlberg Range to the Rhine 
Valley, the mighty and glaciered 



Scesaplana and Santis; while down 
the lake appear the romantic Hohen- 
wiel and its satellites. 

The town has also pre.seFved, in an 
unusual; degree, its quaint, old-world 
appearance. Several of its buildings 
are of great interest, e. g., the vener- 
able old Raihaus (dating back to the 
15th cent.), the Reichsb 111 tt ft en 8cc, 

Moreover, Lindau forms the nucleus 
of vast international traffic, and is a 
very suitable spot to stay at when 
making lengthy Continental tours. It 
is the junction of three railway lines, 
which afford communication with 
North Germany, Holland, Belgium, 
France, Switzerland and Italy. The 
Bodensu GiirUl Bahn referred -to 
above establishes the connection 
between Lindau and Friedrichshafen, 
Ueberlingen, Radolfzell and Bale. 
Direct steamer routes to Switzerland 
enable passengers to proceed to Italy. 
Ninety-six steamboats enter artd leave 
Lindau Harbour daily; while, also. 
daily, one hundred and twenty trains 
cross the railway embankment (1,800 
ft. long). Excellent fast and express 
trains run between Lindau and Leipsic, 
Dresden, Berlin, Hamburg; Lindau and 
Stuttgart, Frankfort, Cologne, London; 
Lindau and Schaffuausen, Bale (Tri- 
berg, Strasburg), Paris; Lindau, Arl- 
berg Railway, Innsbruck, Vienna, 
Venice; Lindau, Zurich, Lucerne, 
St Gothard, L^igano, Milan. To 
these was added, in 1904, the new 
Engadine Railway from Lindau to 
St. Moritz (7 hrs.). 

CONSTANCE. 

POPULATION: 19,C00. 

ABBI VAL : The most direct rentes are : — 
from Bale, Offenburg and Stattgart(t^ 
last via Horb — see Biark For. Ill); 
by steamer (see Friedrichshafen, abov 



S139 LINDAU (Lake of Constance). 

HOTEL BAYERSSCHER HOF. 

FIRST i^ CLASS. OPPOSITE THE LA!iDlNG PLACE. 

£v«ry modern comtatt. Up •to -date Auto • Ctj^ra^e. 

ElActrlc lldht - Lift, Central Heating. W. SPAETH. 

322 ~ 



( 



HOTELS: Insel Hotel, formttriy Domi- 
Dioan Cloister with beautiful fresopes of 
the 12^l> & 13^1^ centaries and historical 
reminisoences, now converted into a large, 
firBt-clau hotel, — 800 beds, every mo- 
dern comfoit, — beaatifal dining-room 
(tbrmerly church), — large terrace on 
the lake with full view of the Alps — 
baths in the L^ke and Bhine, — fishing 
and rowing; Hotel Se<) (da Lae)» new; 
Hot* Heeht, l*t class; Hot. Halm. 

BOATS: The Seliweizer Dsmpfboot- 
Gesellsehaft runs a series of trips on 
the Bhine and Lake Untersee' between 
Constance and Schaffhau^en. 



CONSTANCE was at one time a 
free imperial city, but, after being 
incorporated in Austria, became, in 
1805, a town of the Duchy of Baden. 
It is situated at the efflux of the 
Rhine from the lake to which the 
town has given its name, but which 
is also called Bodensee. The place was 
formerly the see of a bishop; and its 



Cathidral still forms its most im- 
portant edifice. It was founded in 
1062, the original building having 
been a cruciform basilica: this was, 
however, completely remodelled in the 
1 'th cent V- and during the middle of 
the 19fch cent., its Gothic spire, with 
fretted-work, was added from designs 
by Hiibsch. From this tower a fine 
view of the town and the lake is 
obtained. The interior of the building 
contains, in Ihe nave, a stone with 
a white spot in the centre which 
is said to remain dry while the sur* 
rounding parts aiv^ damp, Huss having 
stood on the spot when condemned 
to death in 1415. The treasury, the 
crypt, and a collection of antiquities 
are all of interest. 

SU Stephens Church, a I5*h cent. 
Gothic building with a high spire, 
contains notable carvings. • 



Hi CONSTANCE 



swr 



INSEL-HOTEL. 



THE MOST UNIQUE HOTEL IN EUROPE. 

BI. BRVBTNEB, GENERAL MANAGER. 



The Stadtkanzlei, built in Renais- 
sance style, in 1593, possesses a 
fa9ade embellished with frescoes by 
Froschle and Wagner in 1 864 : it 
contains the city archives and some 
further frescoes in the second storey. 

The Kaufhaus, erected in 1388, 
possesses an enormous Sessions 
Room supported by ten large wooden 
pillars. 

The Grand Ducal Gallery, 41 
Wessenberg St. (open 9—12 & 2— 5) 
contains a collection of paintings and 
is the depository of the municipal 
collection of prints. 

The Rdsgarien Museum, 5 Ros- 
garten St., possesses a collection of 
r>rehistoric and antiquarian objects. 

John Huss^s House, 64 Hussen St. 

Between the Rhine Bridge and the 
Stadtgarten lies an island known as 
'The Isle**. It is reached by a bridge 



from Eisenbahn St., and is remarkable 
for its remains of an ancient church 
now converted into a fine hotel fai 
which the old relics have been well 
preserved. The associations of the 
island date back to the earliest times, 
the spot having served as a Roman 
bulwark against the Allemanni who 
destroyed the Castle built as an out- 
post in A. D. 292. A few years before, 
St Pelagius had met martyrdom on the 
spot ; and subsequenlly the German 
tribes obliterated all traces of Roman 
and Christian influence. 

In the course of time Christianity, 
which had slumbered in the sur- 
rounding district, awoke to fresh 
activ ty, and, after passing through 
various vicissitudes, the island was 
transferred by Bishop Henry I., in 1236, 
to the Dominicans. These skilful 
architects proceeded to erect a large 



823 



2i*' 



and handsome church and convent 
in the Transitional style. The main 
parts of this edifice are still extant, 
the nave and aisles having been con- 
verted into a fine dining- hall; white 
other parts have been left practically 
untouched or have been merely re- 
stored or beautified. Of these the 
most remarkable are the Cloisters con- 
sisting of stone-pillars, ogival arches 
and graceful Romanesque columns. 
A number of 17*h century frescoes, 
with which it had been decorated, 
have been removed and replaced by 
a fine series of paintings, representing 
episodes from the history of the is- 
land and executed by Professor Carl 
Haberlin of Stuttgart. 

A porch, flanked by two beautiful 
Transitional windows, gives access to 
the refectory, remarkable for its an- 
cient wainscoting and humorous in- 
scriptions. Standing close to the 
refectory and forming part of the 
eastern front of the hotel is the small 
but extremely interesting Huss Tower. 

(For. the Lake oi CoDstance see 
Switzerland). 

The favourite exourcdon is to 

Tbe Isle of ]lalnsa> a beantifal spot 
iVs hours distant f^m Constance, and 
connected with the mainland by a long 
bridge. Its old castle was rebuilt by 
the late Orand Duke of Baden; but 
an ancient cross on its southern side 
indicates that the island, which lies 
like a gem in tbe green waters of 
the lake, once belonged to an order of 
German Chivalry. 

»7: From STUTTGART via 
PLOCHiNGEN to TOBINGEN &. HORB 

(see Black For. III). 

PliOCHINGEBT (Hot. Waldhorn), is 

a small town lying at the confluence 
of the Fils with the Neckar, and is 
noteworthy only as the junction where 
a branch-rail leaves the main Stuttgart 
and Friedrichshafen line for 

tCbingen. 

POPULATION: 16,000. 

HOTELS: Tranbe; HfiUer. 

This university town and favourite 
health-resort ia beautifully situated at 
the confluence of the Neekary the Stein- 
baeh and tbe Ammer. The older parts 
of the plaee are uninviting; but the 



more modem districts are beautifully 
laid-out; and the neighbourhood of the 
Black Forest, with its delightful excur- 
sions and fine hills and vIewSi renders 
the town ver;^ attractive. Moreover^ 
many of its buildings possess consider- 
able historical and artistic interest. In 
the Stlftsklrche^ there are some good 
stained-glass and a number of monu- 
mental tombs. Among the latter is that 
of Count Eberhard, (1406), the foander of 
the University. This last is situated 
near the church, and is celebrated for 
its eonneotion with Melancbthou: it ia 
also famous for its chairs of theology 
and medicine, and possesses some gO)a 
oollectioriS and a number of interesting 
and valuable pictures, including a Cor- 
regglo and a MarilJo. 

Near Neckar Bridge is Uhland's 
House, where the poet died in 1862: 
his remains are interred in the 
churchyard, the spot being marked 
with a granite stone. A monument 
to him has been erected near the 
station. 

The Rathaus is a 15th cent, building, 
restored in 1877. A road leads from 
here up to Schloss Hohentubitfgen, 
high above the town. It was erecied 
in 1535 by DuTie Vlrich, being a 
Renaissance structure with a richly- 
ornamented porch, and containing 
a Library, an Observatory, and a 
Dungeon with a deep well and an 
enormous tun. From the ramparts 
behind the castle a beautiful view 
is obtained ; while other spots in 
the vicinity also offer delightful pro- 
spects of the Black Forest and the 
Suabian Alps. 

EXCUBSIONS: To SchOnbuch, Beben- 
hausen, HohenxoUern and Lichtenstein. 

38: From FRANKFORT o/Main, via 

ASCHAFFENBURG, wORZBURG, 

SCHWEINFURT, KISSINGEN, 

ROTHENBURG o/Tauber, ANSBACH 

and AUGSBURG, to MUNICH- 

ASCHAFFEBTBURG. — I 
l^SPO. — HOT.: PrlDE-Begent Laitp 

This town, charmingly situated 
the Main, possesses a castle which 
once the residence of the Electorf 
Mayence: but, from 1814, the tow~ 
belonged to Bavaria. 

The 8ehloss is a fine, square-bui 
naissance ediftre with a high tower, 
contains a valuable library and ~ 



824 



r 



eellent picture gallery. In tbe latter, 
the Batch school is well represeoted. 

Other interesting bai'd<ngs are the 
Hoaleipsl Hafenm, the BathaiUy and the 
Stiftakixehe. The last is a handsome 
Boxnanesque basilica dating from the 
lOtb cent., and contaiLing some beautiful 
old tombs &o. In the neighbourhood of 
the town is a. delightful park, called 
ScbSnbiiseh; while, on a height above 
the MHin, staniB the so- en lied Tilla 
PomiMjaanm erected by King Ludwig on 
the model of an ancient i'omiieian villa, 
and decorated with frescoes. The sur- 
roundings of the town are very fine. 

WtRZBURG. 

POPULATION: 70,000. 

BOTELS: KronpriaB Holel, first-class 
house in finest situation on Besidena 
Place, patronise I by royalty and best 
A merican society ; Hotel de Bassle, 
central situation, first-class, highly re- 
comrrended to English and American 
families (Miinager Geo Ott); Ceatral 
Hotel 9 most comfortable first- clans 
house, oentrnl situation, furnished with 
all xnodern conveniences. 



CABS: From the sta ion 3 pera 6'^ pf., 
4 pers. pf.; by the hour, per 15 min. 
40— 5 > pf.; 2nd and following hours 10 pf. 
cheaper. 

POST OFFIGB: Railway Station and 
Parade PI 

TB K ATBSS : Stadt Tfeeater, from mid le 
ot Sept. to April. Opera, Operetta, 
Drama and Comedy; Odsoa, fat class 
variety, Augustiner St. 

This ancient university city is beau- 
tifully situated on the banl<s of the 
Main. The city proper was formerly 
surrounded with ramparts which have 
now been prettily laid-out as recreation 
grounds. Almost in the very centre 
of the place, rises 

The Cathedral, a large basilica which 
has had a varied history. The original 
building, founded in very early times, 
stood on the site of the neighbouring 
Neumiinster Church. This, as well as 
several succeeding structures, fell a 
ptcy to th-' flames. The present edifice 



wCrzbukg. 



First-class throughout, the only house opposite the Residenz. 

3771 Rnd. Relble, Prop. 



was completed by Gottfried of Spitzen- 
berg in 1188. Several additions were 
made in the following century , the choir 
being much improved in 1240, and the 
eastern towers and apse completed 
about 1237. Gothic modifications are 
also, here and there, observable; while, 
the Schonborn Kapelle, in sumptuous 
Rococo style, deserves mention. 

The building contains numerous 
altars, tombs and statues, including 
a quantity of sculpturing by Riemwn- 
schneider of Osterode. 

»e by is Neumunsicr Kirche with 
I pola and red Barocco fa9ade. 

interior is both beautiful and 
i ssting: it contains the renowned 
I I's Crypt and the tomb of the 
( rated mediseval poet Walter von 
i Vogelweide, known to Anglo- 
! ms through Longfellow's ex- 
( ^«ly fanciful poem beginning: — 



"Vogehveid the Minnesinger, 
When he left this world of ours, 
Laid his body in the cloisters, 
Under Wurzburg's minster towers*'. 
At the Market Place stands, perhaps, 
the most beautiful of Wurzburg's 
churches, namely the Marienkapelle, 
a Gothic building containmg many 
tombs and statues. It was begun in 
.A. D. 1377 and completed in A. D. 
1479, the top of the delicate spire, 
which is visible for a great distance, 
having been restored from designs 
by Reuss in 1856. The figures of 
Christ and John Baptist on the but- 
tresses are by Riemenschneider. On 
the other side of the Market Place, 
will be seen the Old Raihaus, built 
in the 1 2th and 15th centuries- and 
possessing an imposing early -Barocco 
fa9ade and gable which form part of 
the *'Red Building'* constructed by 
Eberhard and recently rebtored: its 



825 



'*Konig Wenzel SEinl" is nUo a iiiie | 
Speciinen of mediseval work, Ad- 
joining Ihe OU Kai halts, is a qjaint 
itructara e reeled in 1453 arid called 
Count Eckard^s Tower. 

In Neubay Gasse a few minutes 
distant, stands the 

Universiiy^ a quaint structure of the 
Renaissance period, begun in 1582, 
It contains a number of antiquities 
and paintings; and is library, which 
^CCLrpie* a separate building, com- 
prises 250,000 v^'s. 

To the west of the above rises the 

University Church, a remarkably 
good specimen of the Transitional 
style, dating, in Wh present form, 
from the close of the 1 7th cent. It 
con tarns a fresco by Barlhelme and 
a beautifully-carved pulpit. 

In the south of the town, is the 



RoyttiRtsiii^itce, formerly an episcopal 
palace, and stilJ, pcrhnpF, the most 
remarkable edifice of Wurzburg. It 
was begur] in 1720 by Joh, B^^lth. Neu- 
mann and completed by the same 
arehitect in 1744. The structure is 
one of the largest iind handsomest 
specimens of the Renaissance ^tyle 
extant, the vestibule in the middle 
of the building and the adjoining 
Stkgenhaus^ being master-pieces of 
arcliiieeture. Oi the apartments which 
it joniains the finest is thtj 'Kaiser- 
saal', with its nuineroni^ fluted columns 
and fine frescoes by Ttepolo. 

AnHher remarkable room is the 
^Spitgelzimmer', decorated with paint- 
ings m Chinese style on the reverse 
of mirrors, and said to be unique of 
its kind. The *Gob^lin^ Room^ and the 
Picture Gallery also deserve attention. 



WURZBURG 



CENTRAL HOTEL. ! 



Firtt'ClftMp in the eentrs of the 
lows, With all modem comfort 
ELKCTRIC LIGHT. 

LIFT. - - - - 

STEAM- lieATlNa 
NT ON RORB, PROP. 



The southern wing is occupied by 
the *llofkir€he\ whose principal en- 
trance is at Rcsidenz PI.: it contains 
» hiqh-altar and frescoes by Trepolo. 

The 'Hofk£Uer\ with its 22 K large 
casks should also be seen. Having 
visited the benutiful •l-lofi^arten\ one 
should return to Residenz Pi, and 
inspect the handsome Luitpo^d Fountfiin 
erected in commemoration of Prince 
Luitpold's 70th birthday. 

Other buildings of importance are: — 
St . Micha efs Ch si rch , t h e Ff ^ ^i :2 is ha fjer 
Church (built m l7tio) and the Palace 
of JitsUce, wMih the monLiment of 
the natural historian^ Philipp Franz 
von Siebold, 

Close to the Palace of Justice, 
stands the "^cw Unii'ersity'\ a 
beautiful structure by %^on llorhti^: 
Schell the famous theologian taught 
here for many years. 



The monument to Bishop Jttlitts 
Echier von Mtspclbrunn, the bust 
of Burgomaster v. Zurn (Spies) && 
are worth seeing. 

Among other sights of the city 
are the B:irgerspital and JuHtiS 
Hosipit€fl, containing own wine 
cellars nnd interesting tastinf^-rooms, 

EXCUlli^tONt!^: To Tf^ltsfa aeh lift ra, per 
roril or hy i^rfinmar Irom Krahaen Qunf ;, 
to the Kortirieatlona by vebicle, 

!l('linEI.VF|'RT (Pap.: l^OQO. — 
HOTkl.S: Krone and Orel Rnbpii), oel«- 
lirHi^J fur Its liiigfi I'attle and a bee, 
rnAr»LGi'i^ pnsS^jiSDa a few iti^erestjo^ 
buijLilixi^P, the niost Important of 
are tlifl f<>l lowing : — 

Ttia Batlmnji, fit^ected in IGTTl- 
ImiidH^iTiQ. prl^lice iii whiuh the hiato 
■DDseiiDi uriril tliq rjty Iibr*r| tlO,<)OQ - 
Kra ilep^'ajtetl Tlje Markt PI. La 
he tis'^tid With a statue of Fiie 
Rfficker^, the well-kn^wn Gennt^ti 
born here in 17HH. Other edi^oen 
ilie i:-ii^ ct'ijit. Joliaiiiifi»klreh0 and 
{TTiHnaBlDDii. with ItU^ikert^a re 



aJl 



at,) 
Im 



r 



TtC 



HOTEL victgrja&kaiserhof; 




^765 

Finest situation, facing the Kurgarten and springs, all sanitary improvements. 
\ y PATRONISED BY BNOLISH AND AMERICAN VISITORS. 

Electric light throughout. Lift. - ^ -^ G. LIEBSCHER, Propr. 



BAD KISSINQEN. 

POPULATION: 6.000. 
TISITOBS: 27,500, pxclusive of tourists. 
, HOTELS (litolass): Victoria & Kaiserhof, 
facing Kurgnrteo and springs, modern 
sanitation, electric light, lift, new dining- 
ro6m, large and lofty. — patronised by 
Ang^lo - Saxons ; Hotel Doyal Knrhans, 
opi>08ite the Kurgarten with mineral 
baths attached. Large hall and terraces; 
Begina Hotel; Bristol k Villa Bulgaria, 
rebnilt, modern comfort, pitroni»ed by 
best American families; Metropole, fine- 
ly situated, every modern comfort, good 
restaurant. 

HOTELS (2»d class): Hotel ft Pens.Wfirt- 
temberger Uof, modern style, large shady 
k, open throughout the year, patmij- 
' by Americans, motor- shed; Hotel 
if eld, 4 Max St, good second -c: ass 
Be» board and lodgings (all included) 
A 7 mks. 

0ABDIN6- HOUSE: Peasion Savofy 
ass recently built, all modern com- 
1, dietetic cuisine, American pa- 
nge, larere garden. > 

Mtend Hans, 15 Bismarck St, l*tcl. 
^te lodging house, every comfort, 
liUfnl afid large gardens, very: ^niet 
.tion. Moderate prices. 



. CABS: Arrange fare beforehand. 
BESTAUBAKTS: Kgl. Casino ft Kglr 
Kursa •] • Bestaarant ; Fr&hllngsgarteaj 
Sehwcizergarten ; Hesserielmiidt. 

SEASON: IBth April— 15tb Oct. 

BATHS from commencement of April 
till SL'tOct., the number for 1006 having 
been about : 5n,00a 

KUBTAXE: 30 mkf.; every extra 
member of family 10 mks.; children 
under 15 years and servants 6 mks. 

EN 6 L PHYSICIAN : Dr.Albert BosenaiL 
Licentiate of the Boyal College ot 
Pbysiciftns of London. 

SAN AT B I C M : Dr. Diets' Paeama- 
tische Anstalt and Sole Inhalatoriamf 
.an excellent institution especially 
adapted for patieiits saftering from 
catarrh, diabetes, gout, obesity, heart- 
diseases &0. Bontgen Laboratorium. 
Vibrations herapie (System Mosohiclg 
electric - light baths, electrio four -cell 
baths, pneumatic saloon. 



KISSINGEN, a town of rathei 
aver 6,000 inhab., lies on the Saale 
in a fertile and picturesque valley. 
Suri^punued. by; well-! woojded hei^)^ 
and green meadows, its excellent 



827 



'i^ 



issingen 

Aids Assimilation 



BATHS FROM I^^t APRIL TILL 1^^ NOVEMBER. 

^BAKOCZY, ^ 

chalybeate and saline spring of universal fame. 

PANDUR & AAXBRUNNEN. 

rich in CARBONIC ACID, :: :: 
:: :: for drinking and bathing. 



Solesprudel, 



I 



BOOKLET STEEL SPRINGS 
== MOOR BATHS == 
- GRADUATION HOUSE. - 

Excellent Results in treatment of: 
Stomachfc and Intestinal Disturbances; Complaints of the 
Hearty Lirer and Kidneys; Affections of tlie Respiratory 

Organs (Asthma, Emphysema &c.); Obesity; 

Diabetes; Anasmia; Female Complaints* 
3769 ^ 

MINERAL WATERS 

— despatched by : 

VERWALTUNG PER K. MINERALBADER 

New York Agrency; LUYTIES BROTHERS. 
London Aj>-ciicieas IXGRAM & ROYLE 

FiN'DLATER, MACKIE, TODD & Co. 
Hamburg Agencies: JOHS. GRAHT; 

STl£]N[CKE & WEINLIG 

Any In formation ^nd Pamphlet gratis on application to the 
KURVEREIN BAD KISSINGEN. 



828 



BAD KISStNGEN 



HOTEL BRISTOL 

sias , 6 VILLA BULGARIA. 

PIRST-CL*ASS FA/^ILY HOUSES. 
The Faroarlte Resort of Americans. 

Entirely relnnlt and enlarged, fitted with every modern comfort. Garden. Lift. 
Electric litfht throughout. C. H. SCHMIDT, Court Purveyor, prop. 



Springs and equable climate have 
rendered it the leading spa in Bavaria 
and, indeed, one of the most cele- 
brated in Europe. 

It contains sev^eral springs with a 
very high yield and of a remarkably 
effective character. 

THE WATERS AS A BEVERAQE.- 
Kissingen possesses four drinking foun- 
tains, namely, the Rakoczy, the Patt^ur^ 
the Maxbrnnnen and Booklet Stahl- 
hruunen: while Kissifiger Bitter^ 
fvasser and the Soles prudel are also 
in use. 

THE WATERS AS BATHS.- One 
of the above, the Pandur, is also use J 
for bathing; but there are two special 
springs for this purpose, namely: — 
the Salinensprudel^ delivering, per 
minute, 550 litres of salt and 2000 to 
6000 litres of carbonic acid ; and the 
Schonborfisprudelf delivering, p6r mi- 



nute, 600 litres of salt and 4000 to 
6000 litres of carbonic .«cid. 
.CHIEF GONSTITDENTS.- The Kis- 
singen waters contain, as their chief 
active principle, "sodium chloride and 
carbonic acid, the proportion, both in 
the drinking fountains and in the 
bathing springs, being exceptionally, 
favourable. A litre of the former yields 
•2— -50/0 and of the latter \% of salt 
and no less than 1350 to 1600 cubic 
centimetres of carbonic-acid gas. Their 
value is also enhanced by the posses- 
son of other chemical substances such 
as purgative salts, carbonate of iron 
protoxide, lithium etc. 

TREATMENT.- Besides the drink- 
ing and bathing mentioned above, there 
are "Moor''-baths from the Rhon peat- 
beds; Fango-treatment, air and sun 
baths; a graduating house with 13'^ing- 
out halls and covered colonnades. 



PENSION SAVOY 



A 
AA 



V 



5127 



BAD KISSINGEN 

7a Prinzregant St. 7a 



DhBtetio B^bafdlng House for Complaints of the Stomach and Intestines. 
1>t CLASS' FAMILY HOUSE in tranquil, dustfess situation, near bath and 
springe. Comfortable modern appointments, lift, baths, douches. Garden. 

- _- -^ «= A^ply for pgOspectus 4o ""S - - - .. 

"baroness VON TEtTENBORN, Prop. 
380 




Kissingen from the Bodenlaube. 
381 



Bad. Kissingen. 

Hotel & Pension Wurttemberger Hof. 

Renovated and re-appointed 1901. Electric light. Boarding terms from 5Vt naks. 
Open throughout the year. Large, shady park. Motor-garage. Patronised by Americans. 
5126 Prop. ADOIiF WEBEft. 

(For many years manager of Victoria Hotel, Klssin]|;en, and Louvre, Mentone). 



inhalatoriums , pneumatic chambers; 
electro-therapy; massage and Swedish 
gymnastics (Zander Institute); Rontgen 
laboratorium ; whey, milk, grape and 
'terrain' cures; river baths. 

INDICATIONS.— For some hundreds 
of years the Kissingen treatment has 
been recognized by the faculty as 
exceptionally effective in curing the 
following complaints: — affections of 
the stomach and intestines, the respi- 
ratory organs, the heart and nerves; 
as well as gout, sciatica, rheumatism, 
diseases of the liver and kidneys, 
chlorosis, female disorders &c. 
' ESTABLISHMENTS.- These are of 
a magnificent character, and are fitted 
with the most perfect appliances. The 
two principal are the Salinenbad 
and the Prinzrcgent Luifpoldbad. 
The former was remodelled in 1903 
and fitted with ''Wellenbader'* and 
every other comfort. The latter 



was greatly extended in 1905/06 and 
is now probably the largest of its 
kind on the Continent. It has separate 
departments for ladies and gentlemen, 
with upwards of 250 saline, **Wellen" 
and "Moor'* baths &c. as well as 
a department with graduated baths 
containing carbonic-acid and sodium 
chloride in various proportions. It 
has a lounge for use after bathing; 
and each department is fitted with 
a separate lift. 

Attached to the building, there U 
a new "Moor'* -Bath Establishment in 
Roman style. It contains 25 baths 
with numerous dressing-rooms and 
lounges, and includes the department 
for Fango- treatment. 

Besides the above institutes, there 
are also numerous sanatoriums for 
complaints of the stomach and intes- 
tines, disturbances of metabolism 
and nervous affections. 






BAD KISSINGEN 

anatorfiini 'Tncuitidmcbe Anstalt 
ana Sole Tnbalatorlunt 



tt 



Proprietor and physician: Dr. Dletz» Hofrath. 

Establishment for heart-diseases, asthma and ohronio affections of the pulmonary t 
and for patients requiring special medioal and dietetic treatment during the use o 
mineral waters. Every comfort and strictly individual diet. — Inhalations, pneun 
chamber, apparatus for mechanical treatment, electric-light baths, electric 4 cells b 
pneumatic saloon &c. 

RONTOEN LABORATORIDH. 

VIBRATIONSTHERAPIE (SYSTEA AUSCHIC 
• t Prospeetas post-Aree. { • 

332 



ROTHENBURG o/Tauber. 



HOTEL HIRSCH. .". 

FIRST-CLASS HOUSE. Every Comfort. Moderate Charges. 
The only hotel with charming view. F* BECK, proprietor. 



ENT£BTALNMBNTS. - Kissingen 
possesses a fine "Kur" Garden and 
Park with a quantity of timber, 
extensive greenswards and colonnades 
both open and covered. Tennis &c. 
is also to be had. Concerts are given 
twice or thrice daily by the *'Kur" 
orchestra. There is, moreover, a 
large building for Reunions, with co- 
lonnades, restaurants, billiard-rooms &c. 
Theatre, symphony concerts &c. take 
place every week. 

The Mineral Waters are despatched 
l.y the "KSaiirl-Hinerslbider KlstUgen 
•od Booklet". 

BAD BOOKLET, 5 miles distant 
from Kissingen, possesses one of the 
finest chalybeate springs in Europe. 
The temperature is very equable, and 
the atmosphere highly ozoniferous. 
There is, perhaps, no heallh- resort 
more suited for patients suffering 
from ansemia and its consequent 
disturbances. 

EXCCBSIONS in the neighbourhood 
of Kissingen and Booklet: To Staffels- 
herg (aest. Jagdhans); Allenberff; Kai- 
kadeathal; Forathans; Klaaedorf; 8iaB- 
bi'rg ; to the village of Uaaten, with an 
on used well 2,186 feet deep. 

More di tant trips are: — 

To Hannerstadt (Frdnklscher Hof), an 
ai.oient town et with notable old build- 
InKs; to Neuitadt {Qoldner Mann)^ an 
old and quaint town beautifully situated 
on the Saale, with the ruins of an im- 
perial palace supposed to have been 
bu It for Charlemagne. 

■tAD BRiJCKESTAlJ (Boyal Knr^ 
1) is a small resort beautifully 



situated in the valley of the Sinn. It 
is celebrated for its handsome Knrsaal 
and its health -giving springs, which 
are highly beneficial in complaints of 
the kidneys, bladder and skin. 

ROTHENBURG o/Tauber. 

POP.: 8,0.0. ~ ALT.: 1,H96 feet. 

HOTELS: Hlr««b» l«t class, situated 
in Lower Schmied Gasse and affording 
magnificent view of the Tauber-Qrund ; 
saoi Elsenhal, Herren St, l«t class, fine 
outlook, modem comfort, reasonable 
charges. 

ROTHENBURG, a very interesting 
old town of Franconia, is situated 
on the edge of a high chalk-plateau 
(1,396 feet), which slopes sharply 
towards the Tauber. 

The position of the town and 
its admirable sanitation render it 
exceptionally salubrious; though the 
great attraction of the place con- 
sists in its having preserved, in so 
remarkable a degree, its mediaeval 
character. 

Quaint towers, Gothic churches, 
Renaissance halls and well-preserv- 
ed ramparts present a picture 
that carries the mind forcibly back 
to the days of chivalry and knight- 
hood. 

On approaching the town from 
the station, we pass through Roder 
Thor, which, like the other five 
principal gates, gives direct access 
to the Market Place, in the centre 
of the town. 



^^ Rothenburg o/Tauben 

[iotel zum Elsenhut. 

FIRST-CLASS WITH FINE VIEW. EVERY COMFORT. 
ODE RATE TERMS. J. A. PLOSS, Prap. 



The western side of this square is 
occupied by the Rathaus» «n. imposing 
edifice in two parts, respectively Re- 
naissance and Gothic. The former 
(begun in 1572) faces the Markt PI*, 
and possesses a magnificent colon- 
nade, gable &c.: the latter is a,, fine 
specimen "of early-Gothic ( 1 240) and 
has an exceedingly fine belfry-tower, 
and an interesting but weather-beaten 
doorway. 

A little to the north stands the 
finest of Rothenburg's eight churches, 
namely, St. James:' Church, a beau- 
tiful specimen of Gothic architecture, 
which, though begun as early as 
1373 and completed in 1436, is 
Perpendicular in style. Its two 
towers are each 175 ft, high, but 
the northern one is much more elegant 
than its companion. 

The interior contains numerous 
beautiful carvings, especially on the 
columns, as well as three altars, of 
which the high-altar, with its fine 
screen and back-ground of stained- 
glass windows, produces a very ele- 
vating impression. 

Another interesting church is the 
Franziskatterkirche in Herren Gasse 
near Burg Gate. The building, to- 
gether with the neighbouring cloisters, 
was completed in 1282, being an 
early-Gothic structure of very pure 
and severe type. 

The preservation of its ancient 
walls and buildings, Rothenburg owes, 
in large part, to the Burgomaster 
who by a mighty draught of wine 
redeemed the town from Tilly. 

Some of the best pieces of the 
old town- wall are to be seen at 
Klingen and Cobolzeller Gates, near 
the former of which is the old 
dungeon-tower. 

But visitors are warmly recom- 
mended to take a walk rotmd the 
outside • of ttre .-wajls,^ which^lafford 
a fine view oi' the^^toWn: aiid - the 
beautiful Tauber-Grund. . 

ABri»I»AC«'tPOP. : 16.000. — HOTELS : 
Stent f WedeJ) ooQtain» t^-Schloss filed 



witl) beiin^ifal>pe3cimens of Barooco and 
Rococo art; three notable Churches; a 
Museuni; Hqfkanztei &c. 

AUGSBURG. 

POPULATION: 80,000. 

HOTI&LS: ZH den 8 Mohren, the only 
first-class family hotel, lately refitted 
and refwruished throughout, offerg, -with 
its magnificont Winter Garden a place 
of epreat interest to every visitor coming 
to Augsburg. Propr. Gnstav Arras late 
General Manager of the Kaiserbof Berlin; 
Kaiserhof. 

POST-UFFICE : GTOttenaii. 

AUGSBURG, where the peace of 
1555 was signed, possesses numerous 
historical mementoes, the principal 
buildings being the following: — 

The Cathedral, a Gothic structure 
consisting of a nave and double 
aisle^, and containing an old epis- 
copal chair of stone, an altar-piece 
by Holbein the elder and some 11*^ 
cent, glass. 

The Rathaus is a fine Renaissance 
edifice containing busts of the Roman 
Emperors, one of the late Emperor 
Frederick &c. In the second story, 
there is a large and handsome apart- 
ment called the "Goldener Saal"; 
while the rooms attached have beau- 
tiful wooden ceilings. Opposite the 
building stands 

Fugger House, once belonging 
to merchant princes, whose portraits 
appear in the frescoes. 

The Maximilian House, a Renais- 
sance building, contains local collec- 
tions of Roman antiquities and spe- 
cimens of medieval coins ^c. 

St. Annakirehe, beg:un in the 15^^ 
cent, and partly Renaissance in style, 
contains several interesting picturjBS. 

St. Ulrichskirche, possesses three fine 
Renaissance altars, a bronse orooifiz, 
and a chapel containing the tomb of 
Hans Fugger. In the building,, formerly 
St. Catharine's Cloister, will be fou 

The Picture Gallery, consistii 
almost solely of 15th and Ibth-cei 
.paintings/ and including specimens ■ 
van Dyck^ Jan Steen, Cuyp, Holl;)ei 
^kjanaeh^ 'rfintorette^,. ipL^jTir^i^t 
Other Buifcfihgs are"r— ^\he Palace 
Justice, the Theatre and the Ct 
Librar-y* . .„^ " -",.. . 



884 



MUNICH (MCNCHEN). 

POPULATION: 5;i8.((X). . 

HOT£tSr Oraii^ Uotel Four ^e«ioas 

(Vier Jahreszeiten). ent rely modernised 
and newly furnished on AmerioHn prin- 
ciples, abaolately uniqae; Grand llotel 
de B«flsie« strictty l>t class family lioase, 
opened U<00, with all modern improve- 
ments; Beylna-PaUce-IIotely Maximilians 
PI., absolnteTy modern hotel, opened 
19C^, palm-house, private suites. 60 bath 
rooms, own K^r*^®"-, BayeriselieT H^f 
(Bavarian Hotel), l«t class house, com- 
letely renova ed, suites and rooms >^ith 
ath; Bhelnlseher Ilof, I "t class, opposite 
central station, south side; Continental 
Hotel 9 l*t class; Hotel Wolff, opposite 
Central Station (North\ 4 Amulf St., 
I'^class, 120 rooms, newly furnished; 
BaToy-Hotel, 82 Herzog-Wilhelm St., l«t 
class, adjacent to station, quiet spot, all 
modern comfort; Hotel de l'£nrope,l*tcl., 
150 rooms, every modem comfort, Gook^ii 



t 



coupons taken; Hotel Hctropol, nppoaito 
central station (south sitl. ) gno 1 iJnJcl. 
houjie; Uotel Ration J Slninien, fr<*o<i -2^^ 
class houoe. <»• posit«'ljeS'Htioi*(NortlO; 
Ocut^chcr Uof, Kiirl^ lior. reaiodellod. 
B0ABDIN6.II0CSES: Pens. Kinekh, 
38B»tr«>rSt , host pjiit oftliot >wn, I'tcJap-*, 
of old reputation. ])uironiH«'d ly Ameri- 
oans ; Peas. Qaisisana, ^2Tl]ei esien St.. 1 •* 
class own liouse with i^jtrden, 40rooms,all 
modern coojforis, centrHl situation, pa- 
trtjoistdby Americaii»- & celobratpd tor its 
good ooohinpf; Pens. Washeim, U Tiirkea 
St, a l<^tcIa()S house, estab. iS'-Q, in ex- 
cellent central loculi t y i easonable terms: 
Pens. Fontana, Istdnss, now transferred 
from Mazimilinn^s Mace to 4 Karl St. 
facing Maximilian's Place, home com fort, 
patronised by Americans; Pens. Villa 
Grnber, 2-2/2* Hess St., let class tnmily 
bouse, tranquil sunny situation, electric 
light, baths, home comfort; Pens. Pfttnner, 
2 KinkenSt, 1*^ class, well appoii ted, in 
central situation, st earn " h« ating. lift, 
electric light &c.; Pens. ^SaBS-Sonel'^ 




SPORT & 

F. HIRSCHBERQ & C2, MUNICH 

DRESS GOODS. BLACK GOODS. SILKS. & VELVETS. 
HIGH-CLASS LADIES' CLOTHING, READY-MADE AND TO ORDER. 

3532 OUR VVELL-KNOWN SPECIALITY 

REAL WATERPROOF LODEN-COSTUMES AND CAPES 

K :: :: :: FOR TRAVELLING AND SPORTING APPAREL :: :: :: :: 



24 a Brienner St , very conveniently 
located, modern comfort, well-recom- 
mended^ Pens. Salzer^ 7K Theresien St., 
in healthy, convenient situation, molern 
comfort (vac clear et), board optional; 
Pens. NIsBSy 6 So nen St., fashionable, 
well-appointed, fln * our-look, central 
situation; Pens. Podleeh, 1) Galerie St., 
I & II floors, opposite Armee Museum in 
fine central loca ity: Pens. Mittelstaedt, 
1 Max Josef St. (. "t & ^nd floor:*), central, 
quiet situation, tiear chief buildings, •— 
moderate charges; Pens. Lorsche, 87 
Schelling St., quiet, centra), well-fur- 
nished^ moderate terms, t;ood cuisine; 
Ifiener Pension Stefanl, 85 Amalien St., 

veil- situated, convenient for all si&fhts^ 

^od cuisine, moderate terms; Pens* 
Vler Jsbres elCen'\ 14i Biirklein St , 
ear Malimf%t) $t.', ' — entirtitly 're-ap- 

pokit^,> excellent >rj»ferem*^a, :! large 
^ard^^Pena^ Jngond) na^0alQ|ie St., 
centrally located,''ro'oms wit1i or without' 
' card, inoderate charges; Pens. HImntler, 

!) Thoresien St. (t>t&8i^flQO]s>, c.o^eto 



Pinakotheks &c. — electric light and 
other comforts; Pens. ** Helios", oSonnen 
St, centrally situated, modern con- 
veniences, board optional, charges 
moderate. 

PBIVATK LODGINGS: Chaselon, U 
Piielmayer St., close to station, modem 
conveniences, home-likp, moderate terms. 

WINE-BKSTAUBANT: Grand Hotel 
Fonr Seasons, hif^h-class Restaurant, 
central position on the f^reat thorough- 
fare of Munich, Mnximilian St. the most 
exqr-l-itely furnished modern restaurant 
on the Uontinent, desi^sned by the 
u ell -known, prominent artists Herr 
Max Obermeyer and flerr Paul Rieth, 
typical for best New -Munich style; 
Heiftda-Palaee-Hotel, Krench Restaurant 
and Grill Room. Open-air Restaurant; 
CUfe'liiiitpbld And Preneh M'Uio Jl^stal- 
ira«t, this maf^nificti^it strtioihr# j^ oi^ 
of ,th« sij^ts joi Musiioh. 9i,rA, iivdeed, 
of Europe; its dining-room 'is' fi' ted*- tip 
in fityle of that at Herrenchiemsee 
Castle; the billiard -room contains 14 



MUNICH. 



Grand Hotel Four Seasons. § 

First-class house, with select cliency. All modern improvements. Suites with bath- 
Excellent Restaurant, open also to non-residents of the house. American Oar, 



boards; Helnrieh Eckel k Cie., 17 Burtr 
St., excellent cuisine, pure wine?; Cafe 
Bestavrant Hoftheater* opposite the 
Royal Theatre, l*t class interesting house, 
rendezvous of foreigners ; Cafe Bestanrant 
Savofy perhaps, the largest establish- 
ment in the city. 

AHEfilCAN BAB: Grand Hotel Four 
Reasons ; Beglna - Palaee - Hotel ». with 
billiards; Bayerlaeher Hofy with good 
restaurant; Savoy Bar, thoroughly gen- 
teel, with restaurant, evening Concerts, 
Odeon. 

BEEB BESTAU BANTS: M&nehner Hof- 
branhans, 8h'>uld not be missed; Pschorr 
lilerhallen; Aagnstlner Bierhallen; Bam- 
berger Rierhallen» 

CABS: V4 hour, 50 and 60 pf.; Vs bour, 
1 mk.— 1.20 mk.; % hour, 1.50 mk.— 1.«0 
nok.; 1 hour, 2 mk.— 2.40 mks.; 3 hours. 



5.60 mks.~6.80mk8.; two-horsed: 4 pars., 
V4 hour, 1 mk. ; 6 pers., 1.10 mk. Tixa^ 
meters in use. 

BANKS: DeutseheBank.aLenbachFlatz, 
one of the largest in Europe, branches 
in all leading towns; Dresdner Ban ft, 
Promenaden Platz, is one of the leacLin^ 
European banks doing a large am.ouul . 
of exchange an I other bus ine89,e8peoiallj 
amocg Amet-icans; PfiUzisehe Bans, 

U. S. CONS. 6ENEBAL: 18 Leopold Ht. 
Off. Hours: 10 a. m. — 1 p. m. — WlllUm 
F. Wright, Esq., Con. Gen.; Dr. A. Scfale* 
singer. Vice and Dep. Con. Qeu.; V* J. 
By water, Esq., Dep. Con. Oen. 

BRITISH CONS.: In PfaiziScheBa^nk, 
whose director, J. Krapp, Esq., is also 
Consul for Bavaria. 

BATH: Maximiliansbad, 19 Eanal St 



I 



522S 



MUJUICH. 

Regina^Palace^HoteL 

Regariiins Location und. Sanitary arrangement* the finest 
City Hotel In Europe. 



The new 



\ 



ENGL. CHUBCU: 2 Von dor Tann St., 
Rev. W. J. S. Emery, M. A., Aka lemie St. 
Sun. 8.0, 11 a. m., n.30 p. m.: H. C. noon 
1st. 8'd and 5th Sun. 

AMEBICAN CHUBCH: 26 Jftger St., 
Rev. Mr. Mho Crahan. 

POST OFFICE: Max Joseph PI. 

THEATBBS: Konigliehes Hof-Tkeater, 
Opera and I >rama ; Konigliehes Beiideoz- 
Theatery light drama and smaller 
operas of Mozart's, both under the 
management of Freiherr von Speidel, 
the musical manager being Felix Mottl; 
Prinz-Begenten-Theatery for Richard 
Wagner performances in summer and 
popular plays in winter; Girtaer Plats 
1 heater, operettas and farces; Deatsebes 
Schanspielhaasy French drawing-room 
pieces; Yolks -Theater, Josephspital St., 
comedy; Denteehes Theater, variety, l>tcl. 



INSTITUTES: American Free Beading 
Booja, '^3 Theatiner St., is a we IN ap- 
pointed place, supported by the Ban- 
bnrg- American Line: baggage forwarded 
and Letters of Credit cashed. 

PHABMACT: Englische Apothcko, 
Perusa St. & Theatiner St., is a central 
djepot for patent medicines ^bc. of all 
countries and is highly recommeuddd 
for dispensing foreign prescription**. 

ANTIQUITIES: Adolf Stiinharter'i 
Magasin D'AntiquitSs, 25 Rosidenz St^, 
facing RoyalPalace,iswell-recommen Jed 

ABT GALLEBI: Gallery Heinem&an, 
5&6 Lenbachplatz. Permanent exhibition 
of higli-class original oil-paintings and 
sculptures. Open a. m. — 7pm 

ABT BEQUISITES: Adrian Bruffger, 
1 Theatiner St., Purveyor to the - - ^ 
of Bavaria (see advert.). 



MUNICH. 



GRAND HOTEL DE RUSSI 



8? 8?^ 



First-class family house, opened 1900, with all ^X\ C(\ 
modem conveniences. Restaurant on open terrace. \f% \j\ 



MUNICH, 4 Arnulf St. 



HOTEL WOLFF. 

Opposite Central Station (North). First-class family home of old repute. 
3545 J. ErlinRcr, new prop. 




MUNICH: Cathedral-Church of Our Lady. 
337 



22 



HI. MUNICH 1= 



Hotel Bayerischer Hof. 



3975 



Fir9HJaj|$.HoM«e. — Host CentrAl Poyltloo.oii ttie PromenJidepialz.. .Aparlmanti. 
and rooms with private bath. Magnificent Winter -gardan. AJI modern comfort. 



— — MUNICH. — * 

otel Rheinischer Hof. 

The only First-Ciass House facing the Central-fiailway Station. Recommended 



for its comfort, cuisine, and careful attendance. 
Firma: J. DANNER. 



8581 



Fl^ANZ WEICKMANN, Manager. 



AMERICAN BOOT and SHOE STOBES: 
M. Fleischmann, 17 Tbeatiner St., imports 
first-class origiual American, goods for 
ladies & gentlemen. Katablished in 1S<-H), 
this well-recommended,firm has received 
five gold medals and variOas diplomas 
of honour. — Court purveyor. 

BOOKSELLEBS: J« Ha Ibi da Otto St. 
Bare old and early printed books. — 
Fine illuminated maQuscxipts. — Auto- 
graphs. — Engravings of the English 
and French schools of the XVIIL cent. 
— Portraits. 

Emil Uirseh, 6 Karl St., early prhited 
books, ^ith woodcuts and engravings 
Autographs. Americnna. Engravings &c. 

CIGABS: Uax Zeehbanpr, Purveyor 
to the Eoyal Court, 1 7 Odeons Place & 
Royal Residence Garden, l«t class house, 
special departments lor Havannah 
cigars. 
FINE ABT DEALERS. (SeePrintsellers). 
FUBS: E. &0. Merzb leher, 8 MaOei St., 
is a leading firm of furriers highly re- 
commended to Americans and specially 
providing for their taste. 

GENTLEMEN'S CLOTHING: 8. Fries, 

Surveyor to various courts, 1 Maximilian 
t., a well-known firm, celebrate i for 
its elegant gentlemen's clothing, of ex- 
quisite taste and fit 



GERMAN AND FRKNCH COGNAC 
DISTlLLEIiY: Gebr. Maclioll, A.-G., is a 

very large firm distilling and exporting 
cog-nnc aiid liqneurs of various kinds. 

BIGK-CLASS LADIES' TAILORS: 
F. Uirsehberg k Co., 42 Theatiner St., 
one of the Ian; est' concerns on the 
Continent, celebrated for taste, fit and 
style. Iiarge- assortment in ready-made 
suits and clmjks, also children's goo^s. 

LINEN GOODS: L. Beichenborger's 
Nacfaf*9 46 Theatiner St., an excellent 
establishment for linens and muslins, 
layettes, trousseaux &c. 

OPTICIAN : Bodenstoek's Optical In- 
stitatef 15 Bayer St., is highly recom- 
mended for ev/ery type of optical in- 
struments. 

PitlNTSELLEBS : J, Halle, 3 a Otto St 
Old engravings and etchings. — Fine 
collection of the English and French 
schools of the l{ith cent in colours and 
in black and white. — About llO/^OO 
engraved portraits. — Bare old and 
early printed books. — ' Manuscripts. 
Autographs. 

UNDERCLOTHING: Dr. Delmers 
Underwear, famous for is absorbent 
qualities, maj^ Ite had here at the 
agency: L. Reichenberger's Nachf., 46 
Theatiner St 




<Karlsthor) close to 
Station. l«t class house, 
firve tranquil situation. 
Fitted With every modern 
comfort. 

.Prop.: Conrad Ki 



Muiicheiia 



HOTEL NATIONAL SlfflMfiN. 



f4~ FAMILY HOU&f:.. -4 



Opposite . the Station (North), l^enovated. 
Moderate charges. 



Lift. Efecfftc MgJit. SteinL heating 
Geschwister Grii'siser, t>rop. 



MUNICH is Che capital of the 
Ktrrgdoin o( Bavafwh and -a fine okl 
city with a pop* of over 538.000, 
the larger pniportion of whom are 
Roman CalhoUci^. It was founded^ 
prabably, at the close of the 11*^ 
centi and was surrounded with a 
wall and raise^J to the status of 
u town by Henry the Lion, in 1164. 
Visited by a severe conflagrbtion in 
the year 1327, it was rebuilt and 
extended by the Emperor Ludwig 
the Bavarian. An important epoch 
in the development of the place 
followed , Itafian workmen being 
introduced to assist in the erection 



of a Library, Treasury, Picture Gal- 
lery and other important ' buildings. 
Some 200 years feler, -the Elector 
Maximilian added it ^niagnificent pa- 
lace, which still forms- , part of the 
present building: thd saipe monarch 
embellished the place with bronze 
monuments, erected the. Joseph, and 
Herzog Spita^, and fortified the 
new walls and ramparts. Indeed, 
the rulers of Bavaria have spared 
neither pains nor expense to render 
their capital both beautiful and at- 
tractive; and, during the reigns of 
Maximilian Joseph I. and his son 
Ludwig L (1825—1848), the place 




Englische Apotheke 




ENGLISH nm RMERICRM CHEMIST. 
»« PHflRMRCIE IMTERHRTIONRLE. 

> CentralHelle fflr Speclalitdten aller Iiflnder 
Large stock of Patent-Hedlolnes. 

-*— *— fill foreign prescriptions are carefully prepared. — • 
Pcrmiitratae- MfinChflD Theatlnerstraist- 



experienced a most remarkable de- 
velopment in commerce as well as 
in science rnd art: so that, at the 
present day, it ranks among the 
leading cities of Europe, and is one 
which no American tourist should 
nmit to visit. 

.s an industrial town, Munich is 
crated principally for its enorm- 
breweries, which, indeed,' form 
of the attractions of the place; 
:hed |p them, they have fine 
Aurants,r, the most important being 
Bofbrdu, Burgerlichc Brdu and 
4chentr- Kindl -on- -the-^rther- 
"-i&f" the iser near Ludwig^s 



Bridge, and Pschorr, Spaien and 
Lorven Breweries — near the railr 
way station. 

From the station we proceed to- 
wards the centre of the town in tht 
following order; — 

Through Schiitzen St. to Karl's 
Thor and, then, follow the tramway 
lines past the Goethe Monument, 
to Maximilian PI., decorated with a 
handsome fountain, called Wittels- 
bach's Bruftfiett, The centre of 
the structure consists of three f)n9 
basins ; while at either end is m 
-mftfble grou^~ the^ one - repMseoting 
tba destructive power of walaK^jthe 
) 22* 




Tiaridii Btumt 

Purveyor to tbe Royal gourt of Bavaria 

« mntiicb « 

no. 1, Cbeatinerstrasse Do. K 



-^^-♦►" 



Drawing materials and painting requisites 

of tbe be»t German, English and Jrencb makers. 

Large lekciton. moderate Prices. 

— CATALOGUE GRATIS. — 



r 



I 






^^"-x ^^"XN .^IL""n 






"^^SSv^**^" *"^^'^''^'' '^ 




VThZ"..*^ 



♦W**^ 






840 



othar its fertilising qualities. We 
now turn to the right down Pfand- 
haus St., passing, on our left hand, 
the Kunstj^ewerbehaus , a Renais- 
sance building erected in 1877 and 
containing a beautiful apartment em- 
bellished with pictures by Kaulbach. 
On Promenade PI., wh-ch we now 
cross, there are fine bronze statues. 
The street beyond is Maffei St., one 
of the busiest spots in Munich: it 
leads to Theatiner St., where we 
turn to the left and take the first 
turning rightwards .to Max Joseph PI., 
the centre of the modem city and 
|he nucleus of its traffic. In the 



middle or the square, there is a statue 
of hfaximilian Joseph /. in a sitting 
posture, designed by the celebrated 
Rauch. Behind the statue rises the 
Hof and National Theater, a hand- 
some building in Corinthian style, 
with an auditorium capable of seat- 
ing 2,400 persons; and the interior 
of which is excellently appointed. 
Close by is the Resident Theater, 
erected in the middle of the 18th cent. 
To the S., flanking Maximilian St., 
staftds the General Post Office; while 
to the N. rises the 

Konigliche Residenz (Royal Palace), 
an extensive building, consisting ol 



L Relcbenbergefs nacnt 

46 TbeaUnerstr., MUMICHi Telephone 574. 
iOM LINEN GOODS of aU kinds. 
SPECIALITY: 

OUTFITS for BRIDES and BABIES. 

*i- GENTS FURNISHING GOODS. H- 

SOLE AGENCY FOR 

= I?r. DeinieVs Underwear. == 



the so - called Konigshau, the Fest- 
saalhau and the Alte Residenz. This 
last is a plain building of great 
solidity, erected from Reitenstiil's de- 
signs at the close of the \6^^ cent. 
Visitors are shown over the building, 
with its five courtyards, at 11 a. m. 
daily, Sundays excepted. One enters 
tugh the gateway into Kapellen- 
, and thence, through a passage, 
1 an inscription on the so-called 
:e Christoph*s Stone, into Rrunnen- 
This last is decorated with a 
iber of fountains (Brunnen) in- 
ing one with a statue of Otto 
Wittelsbach, The courtyard past 
'e right in Kapellenhof is called 



the Grottenhof from its grotto o( 
shells. In the interior of the build- 
ing, the principal points of interest 
are the Kaiser Zimmer (Room of 
the Emperors) , the Papstzimmer 
(inhabited by Pope Pius VI.), the 
Trierzimnter and the 

Schalzkammer (treasure chamber). 
This last contains some very vaki- 
able jewels and precious stones, 
including a large blue diamond 
(called ttie "Hausdiamanf*), the 
* Palatinate Pearl', and the Bo- 
hemian Crown of Frederick V. &c. 
A similar collection of treasures is 
shown in the Reichenkapelle, which 
contains an interesting relic of Mary 



841 



S547 



AUNICH. 



ss Pension Finckh. « 



38 BARER ST. 58. 
FIRST-CLASS BOARDING HOUSE, 



MUNICH, 6 Tarken St 

PENSION WASHEIM. 

— (Established 1880) .«:=»- 

First-cUss boardiog-house, in best and central situation. 40 rooms. Moderate terma. 
8654 Frau M. Siebe, prop. 



Stuart and a work ascribed to 
Michael Angelo. The Festsaalbau, 
erected in 1842, in late Renais- 
sance styte, Has its mainr foi^ade to<> 
wards the Hofgarten. Its principal 
interest centres in its magnificent 
suites of apartments: of these the 
most striking afe the six rooms 



on the ground -floor, decorated with 
frescoes representing scenes from 
the Odyssee and hence called the 
OdysseesdU: on- the fiTst'fiooe 'm the 
ball-room (^ith reliefs by Schwan- 
thaler), the SchdnheitsgalUric (with 
portraits of 36 beautiful women), 
the Banquet Hall (with 14 paintings 



PENSION FONTANA. R^ffla,^ 

^ FmST-CLASS PRIVATE APARTMENTS. Situated in the most Fashionable nW 

SB^ and Healthiest part of Munich. Fitted' up with every Coinfort Close ^|^ 

HB\ to all Theatres and places of interest. Excellent Cuisine. Electric ym^ 

^:,^^ Light. Baths. Moderate terms. Proprietress: Frau B. ECKART. • 



of various battles), Charlemagne's 
Salon, the Barbarossa Salon, the 
Hahsburger Salon, and the Throne 
Room, containing .12, large gilded 
statues by Schwanthaler. 

The Konigshau was erected in 1835: 
the interior is embellished with numer- 
ous frescoes, those in the apart- 
ments open to the public represent- 



ing scenes from the 'Nibelungenlied*. 
Behind the palace, and standing nett 
to Residenz Theater, is the Allcr~ 
heiligen Kirche, or Chapel Royal, 
a handsome building in Byzantine 
style erected in 1837, and having a 
richly decorated interior. Opposite 
are the Royal Stables, containing 
interesting collections; while, north- 




MUNICH, HessStrasse 22/24 

"" PENSION 
VILLA GRUBEF 



Centrally situated.. Recently enlarged and refurnished. Large garde 
All modern comforts. Bath. Electric light. Terms 4 — 8 Mark 



wards of the- Palace, lies the Hof- 
garitn, a prettily laid -out square 
along two sides of which run ar-: 
cades decorated with frescoes by 
(Caulbach, Rottmann and others. To 
the north, there is a Museum of 
Plaster Casts which contains also 
an ethnographical collection. Attached 
to it are the premises of the Art Union, 
with a perrnanent exhibition of works 
by living masters. Close by, at the 
corner of Prinzregenten St., is one 
Gi ^ the entrances to the English 
Garden (see 'Suburbs', below). 

To Prinzregenten St., the National 
Museum has been removed. Founded 
in Maximilian St. in 1855 by King 
Max n., this museum has rapidly 



risen to an impor4ant position among 
institutions of the kind. The . col- 
lections fail under the following 
heads: — 

(1) Antiquities of the bronze -age, 
iron -age, Roman times, and the 
Merovingian period &c., together with 
specimens of mediaeval . art, a number 
of incunabula, coins &c. (2) Carpets, 
bronze statues, specimens of silver- 
smithes work and many other inter- 
esting historical relics from the Re- 
naissance period down to the present 
century. 

To the west of Hofgarten \iesOdeon*s 
PI. embellished with an equestrian 
statue of King Ludwig I.; while, 
a little further southwards and op- 



EMIL HIRSCH, Bookseller 

»"' MUNICH, Karlstr. 6 

:: :: RBRE OLD BOOKS & PRIMTS 
RUTOQRRPHS. OLD BOOK-BIMDinQS 



fli II 
11 11 



Catalogues free on application. 



posite one side of the palace, we 
see the Offices of the Hamburg- 
American Line, with the American 
Reading Room and the American 
Church, near which rises the hand- 
some Theatinerkirche in Italian Ba- 
rocco style (1675): it has a nave 
and two aisles, with a high cupola 
and towers. The interior contains 
restored pictures by Tintoretto and 
-^ther artists, as well as some interest- 
% chapels. Close by ig the Feld- 
rrnhalle containing some, jgood 
itues.of Bavaria^ generals:- Return- 
g northwards we visit the Cfdeon 
\ the left: it consists of a Concert 
all and School of Music, the ceiling 
the large hall being decorated 
th paintings . by Kaulbach ^d 



843 



others. Beyond it, and on the same 
side of the street, is the Palace of 
Prinz Lnitpold, who, however, as 
regent, now resides in the Konigliche 
Residenz. At the corner of Gallerie St. 
are the Treasury Offices, and a little 
further up Ludwig St., at the next 
corner, stands the Imperial Bank. 
Across the street, in a slanting direc- 
tion, and at the other corner, is the 
Palace of Duke Max* Continamg 
down the. street, we pass, on the 
right' hsmd, the 

: War Office, built like ^ that o! 
Duke Max's Palace, in 1830, nearly 
all the buildings of this period having 
been designed either by Klenze or by 
Gartner: the War Office possesses 
fL massive archwjiy and. is decorated 



PEMSIOh „5RMS-50aQ" 

(Lyceums-Club) "'° 

24a Brienner St Munich Corner of Augusten St. 

35 elegant rooms adjacent to Pinakotheks, Giyptothek, Schack Gallery, 
Lenbach Haus &c. Lift, Electric Light, Central Heating, Tramway 
Stopping-place before the door. 5 minutes from Main, Station. 



with some fine stone - carving. Ad- 
jacent hereto is the 

Hof' und StaatS'Bibliothek (Court 
and State Library): it is an imposing 
building in Florentine style, possessing 
a handsome facade and a fine flight of 
steps embellished with statues of 
Thucydides, Homer, Aristotle and 
Hypocrates. The Library, which was 
founded by Duke Albert V., is one of 
the most celebrated in Europe, and con- 
tains, in its 77 rooms, over 1,300,000 
vols, dnd more than 30,000 MSS. 
The building in which it is lodged 
was erected under King Ludwig L 
from designs by Gartner. A few 
steps further, and on the same side 
of the way, is 

Ludwigskirchc, likewise designed 
by Gartner: it is in Italian style, and the 
porch is embellished with statues of 
the four Evangelists by Schwanthaler. 
The interior contains a celebrated 
fresco of the Day of Judgement: it 
is the most important of Cornelius' 
pictures (cf. Diisseldorf); while the 
other paintings in the building are 



also from his designs. Opposite is 
another of Gartner's erections, namely, 
the Institute for the Blind, 

A few paces further, we reach a 
square containing two fountains: the 
buildings on our right are the Clerical 
Seminary and a Reformatory, The 
other side of the square is occupied 
by the University, which, founded 
at Ingolstadt in 1472, was after- 
wards transferred to Landshut and, 
finally, in 1826, to Munich. Its 
present lodgment was built in 1838, 
and is another of Gartner's erections: 
its library, in the 2iid storey, contains 
over 300,000 volumes. The street 
ends, nominally, at ^ 

Sieges Thor, a handsome gateway 
erected under King Ludwig I., and 
dedicated by him to the Bavarian 
Army. It divides Munich from the 
suburb of Schwabing, and, of course, 
faces towards the latter. Its architect 
was Gartner; while the group of 
lions with 'Bavaria', is by Wagner. 
Close by, in the Akademie St., is the 

Akademie der bildenden Kunst 



MUNICH, '9§ Theresien St., corner of krcis St Telephone 11739. 

PENSION SULZER i 

Beautiful and healthy situation in close proximity to the Pinakotheks and several Art 
Institutions, easy communication by tramway in every direction, comfortably furnished 
sitting-rooms and bedrooms, excellent beds, careful attendance, good cooking, baths, 
electric light. Vacuum cleaner. Board optional in Summer. 



»• ENGLISH SPOKEN •€ 



MUNICH 25 RESIDENZSTRASSE 25, facing Royal Palace AV U N I C H 

V Adolf Steinharter'S ^ 

= yAAGASIN D'ANTIQUITES L 




i 

^9 



^ 



«5 

I 



344r 



Munich, PENSION QUISISANA, 82 Thebesienstrasse 




82. First-Class Boarding House. Telephone. 9257. 






3^. - - 1:-^"--,^ 







' V''"'--.. ^W' ^/i.i'' * 











(Art Academy), an edifice erected by 
Gottfried von Neureuther in 1884, in 
pure Italian Renaissance: it contains a 
very complete collection of costumes 
of various periods. We proceed to the 
end 6f the street and, then, to the 
left, down Turken St., as far as the 
tramway line in Theresien St. Turning, 
here, to the right, a few paces bring 
us to the 

Neue Pinakoihek, a museum erected 
under Ludwig I. : it is in Romanesque 
style, designed by Voit, and contains, 
on the ground floor, a Collection 
of Porcelain* including 207 painted 
tablets, 72 plates, and 2 vases upon 



which have been reproduced, by 14 
artists, some beautiful copies of cele- 
brated works contained in the Old 
Pinakoihek. But the main collection 
is the Picture Gallery, which con- 
sists of a large number of modem 
paintings chiefly by Munich masters 
of the 18th and 19*h centuries: in 
the vestibule, for instance, are Kaul- 
bach's portraits of King Ludwig L 
and King Maximilian II., and a likeness 
of Prince Regent Luitpold by Holm- 
berg. Adjacent to this gallery is the 
Royal Antiquarium, in which is 
deposited a collection of Greek, Roman 
and Egyptian works of art, supple- 



Speciaiil-fes for Exporh; 

Slackbcfiy-Bfandy, Cherry Brandy^ 




VIStTOftS GLADLY ADMtTTEP TO VIEW THE WORKS. 



mentary to that in the Glyptothek 
(see below). On the other side of 
Theresien St, an entrance will be 
found leading to the Old Pinakothek. 
The AUe Pinakoihek is a fine 
Renaissance edifice erected by Klenze 
in 1836 for the reception of the 
extensive collections of old master- 
pieces which had been gathered to- 
gether by the Elector Karl Theodor. 
The rooms are numbered from £. 
to W., and contain, in the eastern 
wing, the salon of the founder and 
of the Cologne and Rhenish Schools; 
in room No. 3, the High -German 
School; No. 4 Dutch; No. 5 Flemish; 



No. 6 Rubens; No. 7 Flemish (con- 
tinued); No. 8 Italian; No. 9 Venetian; 
No. 10 (west wing) Italian; No. 11 
Spanish; No. 12 French. The col- 
lection is very extensive, and in- 
cludes over 1,400 paintings. Besides 
these, there runs along the S. side 
a colonnade named the Loggien des 
Cornelius, so-called from its being 
decorated with a series of frescoes 
executed by Zimmermann from designs 
by the great Dusseldorf artist. These 
frescoes represent the growth of art 
in Italy, Germany, the Netherlands 
and France during the middle-ages. 
There are also lodged in the Pinako- 



844b 



n 



MUNICH Ottostrasse 3a MUNICH - 

J. HALLE, Antiquariat 

Rare old Books. — Manuscripts. — Autographs. 
Fioe Engravings of the XVII |t^» Cent. — Portraits. 



n 



n 



A 




5 



MUNIGH" 2 Finken Si 

PENS1<9N PFAHNER^ 

First^lflba^. Elegantly .fitted. Tranquil, central situation, close to Royal Residence 
and alt sights. Lift. Electric light and steam-heating th rough out._ Tel ephope._.. .5?27 



M===« MUNICH, 5 Sonnen St., 1*t fl. ^ ' ' - 

PlNSION NIZZH 

Entrance from Joseph Spital St. New building. - E4egant appointments. Every modem 

convenience. Lift. Steam-heating. Electric light. Balh. Beautiful view of the "Grounds". 

6enita^ iocatibn. Trams direct to Theatres &c. -^ Teleph.: 12183. 5236 



thek, some. BOb^OOCl-Copper- plates and 
a quantity of beautiful porjcelain vases. 

Leaving4hf buildiiig by the \yesterR 
exit, we cross 'Arcia St. to the 

PolyiechitiJiuiH, Si Royal technical 
school, erejtod. in 1^68j by v^n Neu- 

reutherin Italia^ Renaissance style. and^ between Arcis St. and 
as the Latin " inscription above -the stands a Paft<orama, 



middle porch indicates, intended for 
instruetion in the sciences and arts: 
the same^n^ention is also indicated by 
the 72 medallions in the frieze which re- 
preFent celebrities in science, literature 
and art. Hard by, at 78 Theresien St.^ 
Luisen St., 



37 Schelling-$tr., 

1st and II°<3 floors « 

Teleph.: 2494. 

20jiicely furnished rooms with or without 

with Voard ,M. 4—6 per day. Excellent cuisme. 

Best references. Bath. Electric light. Near Tramway. In connection with 5239 

Pension $cheifler» Berchtesgaden. a. sibm. Hauptm.nn du 



Pension Lofsche, Hunich 

Quiet, central situation near all the Rights. 
board for any length "of time,- -"'**- ^ 



Returning southwards, through 
Luisen St- past ihe 'Industrie Sckult' 
and * Kunsigewerbe Schuie' (the School 
of Industrial Art), we reach the Schack 
Gallery at the corher of Brienner St. 
and Luisen St. This is a building in villa 
style containing a large collection of 
pictures by modern German artists such 
as Bocklin, Lenbach, Feiierbach &c. ; 



\\ is named after its founder, Count 
Schack, who bequeathed it to the 
present German Emperor. Brienner St. 
is spanned here by the Propylceum, 
a handsome gate -way completed in 
1862 from designs by Klenze, the outer 
columns being Doric and the inner 
Ionic; the reliefs represent the Greek 
War of Independence &c. Passing 



MUNICH, 11 Galerie St, /^ & ll""^ fl. Telephone 5818. 

PENS/ON„,PODLECH 

I FINE CENTRAL POSITION FACING FiRMEE MUSEUM ^^ 

« Pension /Vlittelstaedt. « 



MUNICH, 1 Max Josef St. (P* & 2^^ fl.) 

Fine, quiet and central litnatioa near galleries, theatres and concert rooms. 

Moderate prices. ' — ' ' 

846 



Batli 
85. 



uliciec fhy§iiie\wty/^e tumio' t^e 
leifl across ijohijg^ B. to thfe •- 

Gl^pfdthek/ artothfef of Klenze's^ 
buildings in imitation of the Greek, 
It contains an extensive collection 
of antique sculpture, and a number. 
of plaster casts; while, ^ in "room 
No. 13, will be found some modern 
Sculptures," including specimens of 
Canova, Thorwaldsen, Schadow &c.. 
On the other side of K6nig*s PI. 
is the 'Kunst AussteUtingsgebdude', 
containing a permanent exhibition" of 
works by Munich artists. 

Towards its eastern end, BriennerSt. 
crosses Carolinen PI., a circus in the 
centre of which a high Obelisk has 



b^n erioted to this memat)^}^ apjpcjb 
Baivariahs who .diefd m Ba.vsia duriiig 
the wars. A short drstance- beyond 
it, on the left* hand, is Wittelsbacher 
Palace, in the style of mediaeval 
English: its handsomest parts are 
the courtyard and sta'ir-case. A few 
paces further, on the right-hand side, 
stands a monument to Schiller; passing 
round it to the right, we find ourselves 
again at Maximilians P|. embellished 
with a bust of Effner, its creator 
arid — more important — 5 Statue 
of Liebig. Turning to the right at 
the further end of the square, we 
pass through Karl St. to the Basilica 
of St Bonifaciiis, one of the most 



jsn 



MUNICH 



D. HEINBMANN 

FINE ART GALLERY 

5 & 6 LENBACHPLATZ 5 <S 6. 



beautiful churches in Munich. It con- 
sists of a nave and two aisles sup- 
ported upon 66 Corinthian columns 
of gFty marble, the interior being also 
magnificently decorated with frescoes 
by Hess and his. pupils. Attached to 
the building is a Benedictine Coftifeht, 
whose refectory is embellished with 
nother of Hess*s frescoes that re- 
re^ents the 'Last Supper*. Oppo- 



9ardens, with Palm house, Victoria 
^egia, Aquarium &c. Arcis St., wl^ich 
ve have just crossed, 'ends- at the 
G laspatast' / huili in- 1854 of glass 
nd iron, and used, like the Crystal 
^alace in London, for exhibition 



purposes, — principally the annual 
Exhibition of Art. A short distance 
eastwards there is a bronze statue of 
Gabelsbcr^er,. the inventor of the well- 
taiown system of short-hand writing. 

The ijrounds of the- 'Glaspaiast* 
are separated by Ellsen St. from the 

Justizpalasi, a large and hand- 
some Barocco edifice designed by 
Thiersch and built of marble .and 



;tte -the - ehureh- are the B&tanieal li^ne- stone: it- %»- SM^mounted-. by a 



glass dome, and embellished, along 
the. parapet, with statues executed by 
12 Munich sculptors and -re^M'esen ting 
Truth,- Self --knowledge. Peace &c. 
Crossing, again, at the Goethe Mo- 
nument, we reach the Synagogue, a 



B47 



WIENER PENSION STEFANI 

MUNICH, 85 Amalien St. 

Fine aituaUon in tht centre all .sights. Agreeable residence. Reasonable terms. Viennen 
cuiaine. 8550 Prop.: Frau Inspektor MUFFAT, 



Munid). II 



eension ^^Vier J^hY€Szc\tcn'\ 
B St. (I«t fl.), near IDaxImilian $1. In immcdialc proximity to Royal Ditafrt, 
national IDuftum (c — Cberougbly re-appoinied. targe ti beautiful garden. — Best referenccf. 
3539 ELISE WAGNER. 



building in Romanesque style, de- 
signed by Albert Schmidt : it is 
capable of sealing 2,000 persons, and 
is said to be the largest as well as 
the most beautiful Synagogue in Ger- 
many. Turning down Capellen St. 
into Neuhauser St. and then to the left, 
we reach the Akademie der Wissen- 
schaften, containing considerable col- 



lections of geological and palaeonto^ 
logical interest, together with cabinets 
of minerals, zoological specimens 
&c.; while, among the collections of 
coins, there are over 20,000 from 
ancient Greece. Adjacent to the 
Academy is St Michael's Church, 
considered one of the handsomest 
Renai'-sance edifices in the country. 



MUNieH, 15a Galerie St. '"' 

PENSION JUQEND 

Centnlly sKuated. Rooms with or without board, loderata terms. LILLY SCHOTTLEH. 



It was built, as a Jesuits' college, 
at the close of the 16th cent., and 
is consequently peculiar in form, 
consisting, namely, of a nave and 
transept, but without aisles: the 
nave is some 270 feet long, with 
remarkable vaulting, having a span 
of 110 feet and a diameter of over 
82 feet. The church contains some 



beautiful tombs, of which the finest 
is that of Eugen Beauharnais (by 
Thorwaldsen) , the former viceroy 
of Italy; while, in the Crypt of 
the Princes, repose the remains of 
the unfortunate Ludwig II. Further 
along Neuhauser St., taking th: 
first turning to the left, we find 
ourselves on Frauen PI., occupied 




3'jr>l 



ension Himmler. 

MONCHEN, 40 Theresien St. (1" & 3^<* H.) 

Centre of city. Close to the Pinakotheks. Electr. light, bath; 

MUNICH, 6 Sonne/7 St. 6 

n PENSION "HELIOS" ■ 

Prop.: n.SCHMID. CentrMt sJtuat/on. Recently built. Lift. Electric Light 

Ste^m'heating. Mod9rat9 dai/y or other charges. Board optional. 

848 



r 

i bv 

f (F 

I Jo 



by the Cathedral of our Lady^ 
(Fraucnktrche): this was built by 
jor^ Gangkofer, its erection occupy- 
ing the twenty years from 1468 to 
14BS; it l": a late-Gothic building of 
red brick, its t^vo incomplete towers 
being covered with cupolas of copper, 
which have been adopted as an emblem 
of the city. The interior, which con- 
sists of a nave and two aisles sup- 
ported upon octagonal pillars, contains 
some handsome stained-glass windows, 
some interesting wood-carving and a 
number of old tombs. 

Leaving Frauen PL by Albert St. 
on the eastern side and proceeding, 
thence, through Gruft St., oppo-ite, 
we turn to the left, and pass behind 
the General Post Office, formerly 



Tdrring Palace: the side looking 
toward R'^idenz St. is in Italian 
style, being a part of the original 
building erected in 1740; while the 
facade was added by Kienze in 183(). 
Close by is the Royal Mint; and 
opposite is Alter Hof, the oldest re- 
sidence of Bavarian monarchs, having 
been erected in 1253. A little further 
east is Hofhrduhaus; or, passing north- 
wards into Maximilian St., we turn 
to the right and soon find ourselves 
between the Government Offices, on 
our left, and the former 

National Museum, on our right, 
both of them creations of the 
popular Monarch King Max II.: the 
museum has been removed to Prinx- 
n gcnten St. (see above). 



American Boots and Shoe Store. 
m.?v!^ W. FLEISCHMANN. Pu'St 

Vf TUewsOuKK Street. MUNICH Theatiner Street 17. 



2107 



Importer and only house in Munich 
^ for Original first-class selling stylish ^) 
' " wa foeEst American footwear. «agi? va^ ^-^'~ 



The sqjare between the above 
buildings is decorated with numerous 
monuments; while, at its further end, 
rises that to Maximilian II., erecteJ, 
as the inscription states, by his fait i- 
ful people; it consists of a statue mote 
than 16 feet tall, supported by a 
granite pedestal 23 feet in height and 
surrounded with allegorical figure-; 
which represent Justice, Strength, 
'^-*-'}htenment, Peace &c. From this 
t, the return may be made by 
( anrnss Marien PI. to Karl's Thor, 
time permit, the beautiful 
imiiian Bridge, with its colossal 
1 e of Pallas - Athene , may be 

< jed and a visit paid to the 
imiliaueum. This is another 

< ''"»s of King Maximilian II., 



established as a continuation school 
for talented students preparing for 
the military and civil services. The 
building produces, architecturally, a 
peculiar, but not displeasing:, effect, and 
contains a number of fine frescoes 
and. paintings. From the spot, an ex- 
cellent view of the city, the Iser, and 
the surrounding mountains is obtained. 
Recrossing the bridge and turning to 
the left along the river bank, we soon 
find ourselves in front of Lukas» 
kirche, a handsome protestant church 
in Transitional style. Hence, following 
the tramway lines, southwards, we 
reach *Isar Thor', erected in 1314 
and restored in 1835. It was de- 
corated, at about the same period^ 
with a fresco representing the return 



8i9 



Kuranstalt Bad Thalkirchen, !:.::,!!; 

Modern sanato-iiim ]n the tSER VALLEY, 2) minutea from centre of olfy. E^ectrio light 
Dentrjil h€i^ting. Open throyghout the year for nervous arid internal oomplainls, for tNose In 
nofld of rest &c. 5i5o For pro^peoius apply to Dr. KAJtL UIBELEISEM, 




MUNICH: Bomfacms Church, 



of Ludvvig of Bavaria from the 
battle of Ampfing. Follov^ini^ the 
ir;i!rway, wc come to the Church 
of the Holy Gho-tj whence one miy 
e iher proceed dirjct (o the Riit'uius 
or first turn to the left across V'lc- 
tualien Markt lo Schivauenhalle, i\ 
L*rge corn exchan^^e. Reldsn across 
this mcirket to Peter's I'h, wheie 



' ^ttvnJs Miinich's oldest churchy namely 
Petersliirche, erected in 1170: it has 
been repeatedly restored and altered, 
nnJ is principally int resting for the 
e\ten-ive view of the city obtained 
ftona its tower, and for its fine organ, 
built by Abt Vogler. Adjoining 
Pctcr^s PL, is Marten PL, the most 
central spot of the old city. It is 



Chaselon Private iodginji 

• MIINJPH ^^ f*ri'jlrnaver SL luchv^ Jusliz Palast and closy t'l Mm. ■ 
Q i'lV/niWI I Siation. Conveyances to all purls of die city. Elegant Q 
H homeLKB. Kvery modern comfort. Moderate terms. Kk'clric light* bal^ 



General OfDcea of the Hamburg- 
f^merican Line: 23 Theatiner St 



Avfienic Spa Levico^ Vetf^ 
(Smith Tyrat) : |Q^F* see '"' 



r 



square containing a monumental 
column cfilleJ tlie MariensdttU and 
ero'jted by .Maximiltan^-I. in 1638: On 
the easli?rn side of th^ square stands 
the Olxi\JiathaHs, another of Jotp 
Gangkbfer's cfiectlons, with decorations 
incFjdirg ^ome fine old Gothic carving 
by Fuferer and Crasser: iiithe building 
are preserved, the standards &c. of 
the old city guilds; while the tower 
is embeHiBhed- with, paintings by Seitz. 
Attached: to ihe building is the Rats* 
keHer, with handsome frescoes by 
Wagher-; At the northcn corner of 
tlie square rises the rNew Rathaus, 
an imposing Gothic • pile erected 
somd^'SO years since, and embellished 
.with jdelicate tracery, pinnacles and 
Tretted • \v6rk. It was designed by 



Hauberrisser, and contains a number 
of portraits of royal and other per- 
sonages painted by celebrated artists 
such as Kaulbach, Lenbach, Piloty &c. 
We leave the square by Rosen St. 
and pass through Sendlinger St., at 
the beginh ng of which a car may 
be taken to within a few minptes* 
walk of th? 'Ruhmeshalle* (see 
'Suburbs*, below): or, when we reach 
Sendlingerthor PI., with its prettily 
laid-out grounds, we may turn to 
the left down Thalkirchner St. to the 
Southern Cemetery » a God's acr^ 
which, both in regard to its historic 
associations and also in cQspect to its 
artistic and appropriate monuments, 
is unrivalled throughout Germany. 
In the neighbourhood of Sendlinger. . 



8 MaflTel St. 8 



MUNICH 



8 MaflTeJ St 8 



E. & ©• MERZB ACHER 

HIGH.CLASS FURRIERS 

AMERICAN TASTE. COLD STORAGE. 

2998 



thor Pi., there are a large number of 
hospitals; while, passing up the pretti- 
ly laid-out Sonnen St., we visit the 
Malhcusliirche, a proiestant church 
with a ceiling painted by Hertnann. 
Close by, in Schwanthaler St., is the 
Schwanlhaler Musenm. containing the 
casts of Schwanthalei's works. 

SUBURBS and OUTLYING 
nrsilRICTS. 

>m close by. the Schwanthaler 
wum, a car may be obtained (or 
walk is an agreeable one) and a 
paid to the Ruhmeshalle (Armory), 
indsome building in Greek style 
1 a fine colonnade of fluted Doric 
mhs. In front of it stands an 
Tious figure of 
mria, the interior of which 



being hollow, may be ascended: the 
view obtained from the top is as 
vast as it is beautiful. 

The English Garden (see above) is 
an extensive park, which has received 
its name from its natural and un- 
conventional character: it is planted 
with grand old trees, and contains a 
Inrge lake named 'Kleinhesselohersee' ; 
while through it run two canals and 
a stream. Near the entrnnce from 
the corner of Frinzregenten St., there 
is a marble figure of a youth, by 
Schwattthaler: it bears an inscription 
beginning with the word 'Harmless*, 
which has been taken as the popular 
name for the statue. Near the Brunnen- 
haus, there is an artificial waterfall; 
while a short distance to the left of 



851 




A/ UNI C H : Prin zregenien (h eat er. 



17 0deons Place 



MUNICH 



- - In th6 Royal - - 
RssEdaiice Qardan. 



Max Zechbauer „., 

Rstijblished 1830, -=^ Purvtjor to the Rayal Court. 

Cigars, Cigarettes and Tobacco, Direct Import 
^=^^^=^^^ of liavannah Cigars* ■ 

Ask Jot Prospectus. 



TeleQMms: Tabacos Munich. 

o Telephone; 338. o 



the same ri:^es a hill crt>wne..! with a 
small temple from Jc-i^ns hy Klenze. 
EXt LUtSlONS: (J Symplipnburpc, n tin© 
ITt^ renr.. PHstip with v'"*''0' RToundrt; 
1 2) Kehletiiilirliii Cafltle^ another iT^** et'iit. 
3l rLictnre, with picturfl gatlei y Arc. {'\\ ily 
the Vatteya of the Ispt aihI Lnisat-h^ 
throiich whieJx a lioo "t rail ruDs irom 
Isftrthal-BftimhoP to Bi^ hi, h junction 
with the Tot-dlug-Kochfl Hjtiluny (spc 
route 
hnnk 



The Zni;s^|iitii«, Deyorirl Tlialkirti.h*^!! lie 
i^rinz-l^iiMl wi^nlnihn Ami OroNKhnHJieloba, 
a hj^auMful ctrntre mid miiith-tVequectad 
Tiy jieilej^trisins, who wal hiclter via 
Mcnit^^rsch wHigPi Tkiy rail procopda pust 
SrUwanej:!;^: Oustlo to Pallach yRabenwirt\ 
H jirtnry s|Mir wiih iu'erei^itTij:; church. 
Hit" Ilrt|1rLe^elagereiith-<triiiiwalci,, 



X 



lifa»^rbrur]i] , HnhtinaGhktt am , K'^** 
hauBcn nnd lekinp;. tlte prospect o 
ir.QUMtHins g^rowinj? itiier hs we K«f 
IJ)* Tho ^line iVili.iw.^ the Ipft j tliG vuiley. B^pyo^ui tlje lasir-mBntit 
o^ till* river to TIlALKllii'HKN stjUioti, a r>i|»id flt^fffenl- bftpinrt, a 



(All. : l,7Ti.> feet I famn 
tu rill in, — a hydropatliitt p?^Tuhlishme.n^ 
open all the yf^ar ronml aiul sppcmlly 
a^^laptBii f«jr nervous aii«l iniurnHl rotu- 
filalntrt. The htiildint'H arti situateti 
in extec&ijve paik-like {^^rounuls , arnl 
coiTkinaud a finw view of the Iser 
and the sarroiLadiu^ heights »:■ Fttr us 



saiiti- ' line view of tlni T-er Valfey and 
mrinjth of the I^oi-ath is oldatn+'ni, 
Irttler ia tTos-oil to Wolfr»tHhau»en, 
principal Rtatimn on. the route; 
therfi fidinw Kunislairg, Beufrberg 
HeillTratmi mid niclil, ttif^ juD^'tiuo ^ 
Thji Tutzinp - K{h]ki] Line for ^ 
Walcheu (see roafce ID. 



Sn2 



i 



34>: From BERLIN via THURINGiA, 
or FRANKFORT o/Main to BAMBERG, 

ERLANGEN, FURTH. NUREMBERG, 
INGOLSTAfJT & MUNICH (see route 38) 

BAMBERG. 

POPULATION; 44,000. 

BOTELfi: Bftaberfer Hof; BelleTne. 

CibS: Station to city 75 pf^ or two- 
borftfd, 1*60 dqIl; within the city, Vt b'* 
60 pr.; Va lir. 1 mk., 1 boor 2 mks. ^two- 
horded. douMe-fares)- 

U. 8. CONS.: WUliam Rardel, Esq. 

POST OFFICE: Scbilier Fl. 

BAMBERG, the residence of the 
Bavarian heir- apparent, Prince Rup- 
recht, is an interesting old city situated 
on two arms of the Regnitz, a few miles 
from its junction with the Main. 

Approaching the city from the rail- 
way station, few buildings of interest 
are past till one has got beyond the first 
arm of the river. Crossing this by Lud- 
wig's Bridge, we soon find ourselves 
at Maximilian PI., a square embellished 
with a fountain bearing statues of 
various historical personages. 

Following the street called Gruner 
Markt, we come to St. Martin's Church, 
a 17th cent. Barocco edifice with an 
enormous dome. Surrounding it, there 
are several public buildings, of which 
the most noteworthy is the Royal 
Library, containing 300,000 vols, 
and upwards of 3,000 MSS. with the 
so-called Alcuin*s Bible &c. 

Proceeding to the other arm of the 
Regnitz, we notice a double bridge 
enclosiDg the Raihaus, The building, 
which is erected upon an artificial 
island, dates, in its present form, from 
the middle of the IS^h cent. 

About a furlong beyond the bridge 
rises 

"he Cathedral, one of the finest 
lanesque edifices in Germany, 
I four handsome towers. The 
tnal building was erected by the 
»eror Henry II., in A. D. 1004, 
having been almost completely 
royed by fire, it was rebuilt by 
op Otto in 1115. It contains 
umber of interesting tombs, in- 
' the sarcophagus of its founder. 



in the nave, and that of pope 
Clement II., in the crypt; the trea- 
sury, with several reliquaries, and 
St. Antony's Chapel are worth seeing. 
Near the cathedral are situated 
several other important buildings, 
such as the Episcopal Palace and 
the Old Royal Palace, the latter a 
gabled building with beautiful porch 
and extensive courtyard. Beyond 
it stands the New Palace whence 
Napoleon issued his declaration of 
war against Prussia in 1806. 

A little to the west is St James* 
Church, a Romanesque basilica ~ of 
the lltb century, with Gothic and 
Barocco additions. 

On a hill to the north rises St.HlebMPs 
Church* a similar building to St. James' 
bat of somewhat later date. Its towers, to- 
gether with the neiffhbouring Benedictine 
Abbey, are visible tor a long tiistance- 

The church contains nanoerous inter- 
esting objects, most of them transferred 
from the cathedral. In the adjoining 
cloisters is the Citf Pietare Gallery, with 
several paintings of the Old German, 
Italian, Spanish and other schools. 

To the south of the cathedral is 
situated the Chareh of Oar Lady, best 
reached from the Bathaus tbrouorh 
Kaalberg St. The building, originally 
14th cent. Gothic, has been greatly mo- 
dified at Tarious periods. 

Bamberg is a hilly place, and the 
walks in the vicinity are very pretty. 
Some of the most attractive are up Kaal- 
berg HtU and to Altesbarg Baiss and 
Theresian Haln; while more distant exr 
onrsions are to Bans & Tlersehsheiligen 
(see Lichtenfels route 88 A). 

ERIiANGEUr (POP.: 28,000. - HOT.: 
Sehwan; Blane Oloeke) was fonnded by 
Huguenot refugees after the edict of 
Nantes. The place has, for its size, a 
considerable industry; and its beers are 
among the most celebrated in Germany. 

There are but few edifices of impor- 
tance in the town. Two only call for 
special mention, namely, the University 
and the Palace. The UniTersityy which 
is renowned for its chairs of medicine 
and theology, dates from 1748, aad con- 
sists of an extensive group of buildings 
clustering around the Palace Garden. 

The Palaee contains a library of 
180,000 vols., together with a collection 
of 15 th and 16th century sketches by 
Dutch, Flemish and German masters. 

EXCUBS10N8: To Bstsberg, Grafea- 
berg and Eberhartsberg. 

FIJRTH. — POP.: 00,000.— HOTEL: 
Natiooal, l«t class, in best position, ad- 



868 



jaoent to tbe English Garden, with all 
modern comfort. — BANK: Dresdner 
Bank, Most St., is. highly recommended 
for exchange and other bnslness. 

FuBTH poBseaies a thriving indastry 
in plate -glass and other gooda. Its 
principal buildings are:— the Bathans, 
whose tower rises above the town to a 
)i eight of 180 feet; and St. Hichael's 
Chnrehy a small, bat elegant edifice in 
W^ cent. Gothic. 

About >/4 mile from Filrth stands a hill 
snr mounted by the Alte VestC) where 
Wallenstein strongly entrenched himself 
in 1632, and, on the l^^ Sept., forced 
GustavusAdolphus of Sweden to beat a 
retreat, after he had made six assaults 
upon the fortreaf and sacrificed 1,700 men. 

NUREMBERG. 

(NtJRNBEaa). 

POPULATION: 29o,00a 

HOTELS : Sendig Hotel W&rttemberger 
Uof, l«t class, to the left of the station, 
2i0 rooms; Grand Hotel, l«i class, best 
position, station exit facing, patronised by 
Americans; Yietoria, l«tclass; Ooldener 
Adicr, central situsitim. 



PfilVATE HOTEL 6ABNI: Stanffer, 

finely located, close to station, oom-^ 
fortable, lofty rooms, reasonable terms. 

ROARDING • HOUSES: Sehmidt- Ton 
DitftiTth, 11 Lnitpold St., It class, cen- 
trally located, suitable for families and 
persons travelling alone,— baths & other 
modem conveniences; Pension Trefzer, 
72Kdnig8 St., in the best part of the town, 
first-class, newly opened with all modem 
comfort, baths, moderate charges also for 
a few days; Pension Frl. H. Heyer, 
4 Bayrenther St., beaati fully situated 
and most comfortable home for ladies, 
highest German and foreign references, 
moderate charges.— telephone 6246. 

BESTAUBANT: Bestanrant Hotel 
fietoria, the only Bestanrant with 
Filsener Urqaell from the Bttrgerliches 
Brauhaus in Pilsen on draught, ex- 
cellent caisine; Knltar Terelny wine, 
beer and coffee, — fine garden. 

CABS: 2 pers., V4 hour 60 pf., 4 pers., 
1 mk., 1 hour 2 mks.— 2.50 mks. 

POST OFFICE: 1 Bahnhof PL and 
86 Karolinen St. 

BANKS: Deutsche Bank, 10 Lnitpold 
St., is one of the largest in the world 
and has branches throughout Europe; 



3473 b 



NUREMBERG. 



Sendig Hotel WOrttemberger Hof. 

250 Rooms. Adjacent to Station. Tel. Address: Sendig Nuremberg. 



Dresdner Bank, Karolinen St., a leading 
bank of world - wide repute, is reoom- 
mended for exchange, credits &c. 

U. S. CONS.: H. W. H arris , Ssq., 
BO Prater St., office hours 10—12; 2—4. 
Vice Consul: Oscar Bock, Esq. 

GENERAL OFFICES OF THE HAH- 
BUBG-AHERICAN LINE: 78 KSalgs St. 

THEATBES: Stadt- Theater, recently 
reb'jilt and now one of the finest extant; 
Apollo-Theater; Beiehshallen, 60 Konig 
St. (Variety). 

CONCERT: in Stadtpark. 

CI6ABS: J. J. Bnppreeht sel. Sohn, 

Purveyor to the Bavarian Court, 76 
Konigs St., is H 6rst-clas8 house with 
special departments in the basement 
for Havana imports. 

OUTFITTER: M. Eher, 28 Kaiser St. 
First-class. Outfits. Speciality: Elegant 
bed and table linen, all kinds of Hand 
embroideries, Hemstitch and Open-work. 
Patronised by American families. 

PHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS: Eon- 
rad G. Selti, 11 Karolinen St., supplies 
all requisites, and places a dark-room 
at the disposal of amatearf. 



NUREMBERG is an exceedingly 
interesting city, whose inhabitants are 
busily engaged in the manufacture of 
toys, fancy- articles, leather, iron- ware, 
machinery, beer &c. In point of siae, 
it is the second town in Bavaria; while, 
commercially, it is the most important 

Elace in South Germany and the chief 
op-market on the Continent. 
Moreover, it possesses, for the tourist, 
great attractions. Founded some time 
prior to the nti> century, and first 
mentioned as Nonremberc in an act 
of the year 1050, it was built, in the 
main, during the Gothic Sc Benaissanoe 
periods, its churches belonging mostly 
to the former, and its private bnildi 
combining both styles. Its most renowi 
adorners were the sculptors Adam Kri 
(t 1607) and Veit Stoss (f 1682), and 
brass - founder Peter Visoher (f IE 
who. together with the immortal paii 
Albert Dttrer (f 1628), gave to Nuremb 
its important position among the 
centres of Europe in the middle • a| 
With the decline in South Gerx 
trade after the discovery of the I 
route to India and in consequenoi 
the Thirty Years' War, Nurambar^ 



854 



to recover itflolf ftftef it lost if ind«- 
peii^j^iDiie as an impanitl cityjiiid became 
locorporated in Bavaria ia iSUti. 

Prom that time onwards its growth 
has been very rapid, the population 
having increased nearly tenfold. Never- 
theless» its old buildings have remamed 
almost intact and it is quite the qOaintest 
town in Germany; while, in order to 
preserve that unity of medieeval aspect 
for which it is so remarkable, the 
municipal surveyors insist upon all new 
erections being designed in keeping 
with the elder structures. 

Through the centre of the city flows 
the many-bridged Pegnitz; and round 
the older districts runs a well-preserved 
wall with several towers. The principal 
buildings are the following, namely: — 



Si. Lorenzhirche, at the further end 
of Konigs St from Frauen Tlior : it is 
the finest church in the town, being 
a beautiful Gothic building dating beck 
to the 13th cent The most striking 
points of the exterior are the western 
fa9ade and its porch with a splendid 
rose • window above it: the interior 
contains some magnificent stained- 
glass and interesting works of art of 
the 15th and 16th centuries including 
the so-called pyramid (designed and 
executed by Adam Krafft), some 
wood-carving by Veit Stoss and a 
candelabra by Peter Vischer. 

Close by the church is the Tug end 

Brunnett, a * beautiful fountain of 

original design (Wurzelbauer, 1589). 

I A few steps from the church, in 



NUREMBERG 



GRAND HOTEL 

Fii«c4 niooo modern Hotel in fine, quiet & 

Opposite Station UPST CIHSS ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ „^^^ ;,\.g,^^ 

- - Suites & Rooms with private bath - - 

5216 Prop. Rudolf Lotz, formerly Grand Hotel, Christiania. 



Peter Vischer St (No. 23), is Vischer's 
old dwelling-house. In the immediate 
neighbourhood are the premises of the 
Industrie and KuUur-Verein, At 
3 Konigs St., near the bridge, is 
the Bayrische Gewerbe- Museum (in- 
dustrial museum). Crossing the bridge, 
we reach the Marienkirche, or Church 
of our Lady, a beautiful 14th cent, 
edifice, with a very rich interior and 
"teresting clockwork (1506). Atone 
rner of the church is a fountain 
led 'Ganseniannchen', designed by 
icher's pupil Labenwolf and repre- 
iting the figure of a man carrying 
> geese; while hard by, at 9 Hans 
'hsen Gasse, is the dwelling-house 
the cobbler- poet Hans Sachs. In 
It of the church is the 'Schoner 



Brunnen\ by master Heinrich (1396): 
it is a beautiful creation, with figures 
representing Charlemagne, Gottfried of 
Bouillon and Clod wig (Christian heroes); 
Judas Maccabdeus, Joshua & David (old 
testament), and Caesar, Alexander and 
Hector (profane) : a second tier of figures 
represents Moses and the prophets. 

Beyond the fountain rises the Rat' 
haus, a building in Italian Renaissance 
style erected at the opening of the 1 7th 
cent. It is an imposing edifice with a 
fine hall containing a panelled ceiling, 
frescoes from designs by Diirer, and 
stained-glass by Hirschvogel. 

Close by is Sebalduskirche, a Gothic 
building with remnants of earlier struc- 
tures of the Romanesque and Transition 
periods. The church is most beautifully 



866 



28* 



NORNBERG. ^ 



StauEfer's Hotel garni 

Two minutes to the right of the station, in very quite situation. 

COMFORTABLE. BEAUTIFUL AND LOFTY ROOAS 
from Mk. i.50-Mk. 6.— PENSION at request. 
ELECTRIC LIQHT. STEAM-HEATING. 

Telegraphic address: Hotel Staulfer. ^ -^^ Telephone No. 535. <-§<■ 

3971 H. STACFFER, Prop. 



and delieately ornamented, the exterior 
of the choir being adorned with the 
finest of Adam Krafft's.works, a tomb 
representing the crucifixion, burial and 
resurrection of Christ, and termed the 
*Schreyersche Grabmal*. ''The northern 
porch is called the" Brauiihur*' and is an 
exceedingly fine specimen of decorated 
Gothic. The interior of the building 
contains reliefs by Stoss, frescoes by 
Hans von Kulmbaeh, some painted glass 
by Hirschvogel, and Peter Vischcr's 
master-piece, the Sebaldus Tomb. 

Hard by is the Palace of Justice, 
with a fine 8tair*case and a sessions- 
room containing Feuerbach's picture 
of 'Justice*. 

Beyond the Sebalduskirche is St 
Morttzkapelle, a beautiful Gothic 
structure, adjoining which is the cele- 
brated Bratwurst - Glockleini whither, 
at the ringing of a bell outside the 
building, the artists flock and are 
silently served with sausages. 

At the corner of Burg St &Theresien 



St., is the Municipal Library^ con- 
taining 70,000 vols, and 2,000 MSS. 

To the north of Sebalduskii che 
lies Albrecht Durer PI., embellished 
with a statue of Durer from designs 
by Rauch. Durer*s house, containing 
interesting relics ot the great master^ 
is at 39 Albrecht Diirer St., a short 
distance westwards. 

At the end of this street isTiergartncr 
Thor, to the right of which is the Old 
Castle, standing on a hill and overlook- 
ing the whole town: it was founded 
in 1024 by the Emp. Conrad 11. and 
restored in 1854. Near it is the so- 
called Heidenthurm, with the choirs 
of two chapels superposed one upon 
the other: the upper one, called 
Kaiser Kapelle, contains a number of 
works by Adam Krafft, Hans Holbein 
the elder, Wolgemuth and others. 

Beyond Tiergartner Thor is the 
celebrated foundry of Professor Lenz. 
In the opposite direction to the Burg 
lie th9 Imperial Stables, beyond which 



Schmidt -von Ditfurth® Nuremberg 

BRRhCH HOUSE RT NRUHEIM, "VILLR BRITRMNIR". 

- Established 1895. - OeOteOl HomO 8 mln. from Station. 

I St CLASS HOUSE. FINEST CENTRAL POSITIO 

Rrst- class Pension for ffamllios and single travellers. 

3528 .'. English, French, Italian and German spoken. .*. 

•Mi- Very fine cooking and every oonvonienoe. >-=- 

II Luitpold S4r. 11 Telephone 3547. -* I & 11 Floors. 

856 



J J. Rupprecht sel. Sohn Nuremberg 

< Purveyor to the Royal Court of Bavaria > adjacent to Central station. 



ESTABLISHED 1727 



Cigars, eigarettes $ tobacco Importer* 

LARGEST STOCK OF tuj 

HAVANNA CIGARS, — DIRECT IMPORT. 




P 



boto- Camera's ^ ^ ^ 
^ ^ Photo -Suppliers- 



Kodaks. 



I^ilms. 



fl Kajallmn Strani NUREMBERG KarptlnBn-Stfaitt 11. 

Developing and Printings — • - 

gjjj^ — -- - — Dark-room for use. 



1^ 



28 Kaiser Stmsae. Nuremberg. 28 Kaiser Strassa 

M. EBER 

o OUT FITS, o o Fir-Pt-olass. a 

-. J . ^-^m ^ 

SPECIALITY; 

llegant H«d< and Talilc linen | 

all klndi nrilaiifl Embroideries^ Hcmi^IIcIi and Openworks. 

Newest and eiqnislt patterns of alL 



lax Thor. Here, turning south- 

'hrough Wolf Gasse, we reach 

dienkirche, an edifice erected 

►c<5b style at the opening of the 

jnt: the building is situated on 

where a Romanesque basilica 

stood, and contains two 

' •" Veit Stoss, reliefs by Krafft 



and the younger Vtschers, and an 
altarpiece by van Dyck. 

In the south of the town, at 7 
Nord-Karthauser St, opposite the wall, 
rises the 

Germanlsehes Nfttional Mnseaa, whoae 
ooUectionB afford an excellent idea of 
the growth and development of Ger- 
man art and oultnre, and, owing to their 



357 



tiniqae character, form one of the chief 
attractions of the city. The building, 
which is open from 10 a. m.— 1 p. m. and 
from 2 p. m.~4'30 p. m. (free Wed. and 
San.), is the old Karthauser Church and 
Cloisters much modified and restored. 
The nncleas of the collections was formed 
by the efforts ol creiherr von An sess. 
They consist of sonlptures, monuments, 
paintings, porcelain &c. with specimens 
of Veit Stnss, Visoher^ Hans Holbein and 
numerous other masters. The library 
contaiuH 200.000 vols 

IBTGOIiSiTADT (POP,: 22,000. - 
HOTElilS: B. Baren; WiUelsbaeher Hof) 
was once the seat of a coosMerable 
university which, transferred first to 
Iiandshut, was finally located at Munich. 
The town stands on the Danube and is 
strongly fortified. In 163i Tilly, mortally 
wounded at Burgheim, retired hither 
before the armies of Gustavus Adolphus, 
and entrenched himself for a severe siese. 
The fortifications, having been razed by 
Moreau in 1860, were subsequently re- 
built and greatly strengthened. 

39 A: From BAM6ERG 
via UCHTENFELS to BAYREUTH. 

IiVCHTENFEIiS (POP,: 4,000. - 
HOTELS: Krone; Anker) is an important 
junction on the Werra Railroad, whence 
lines radiate to all parts of Saxony 
and Thuringia, to Austria &c. 

In the neighbourhood, there are two 
celebrated excursions, namely, to Banz 
and Vierzehnheiligen, to both of which 
vehicles may be obtained. 

BANZ is a Benedictine Abbey founded 
in 1096 upon an elevation above the Main 
(1,379 feet), and affording a magnificent 
view of the surrounding country. 

TfEBZEHNHEIIilGEN is a cloister 
church, with double towers, decorated 
in sumptuous Bococo style and forming 
a pilgrimage spot whither some 50,000 
persons flock annually. 

BAYREUTH. * 

POPULATION: 80,000. 

HOTEL: Sonne and several boardings 
houses ; during theWagner performances, 
it is necessary to book rooms beforehand. 

CABS: Within the town^ V4 hour, 
2 pers. 40—60 pf., 4 pers. 60-76 pf.; to 
Wagner^heater and to Biirgerreuth, 
Geigenreuth &c. 2—3 mks. 

BAYREUTH, the capital of Upper 
Franconia and, in 1814, incorporated in 
Bavaria, is situated in a beautiful spot, 
and rendered celebrated by its connec- 
tion with Wagner. 

The Opeia House is a fine building, 
with Bococo interior^ erected by the 
Margrave Frederick, m 1747. At Luit- 
pold PL, is the Palais of Duke Alexander 
of W&rtemberg; while on rising ground to 
the N. of the station stands the Wagmer 



Theater. The Neue Sehloss, a Bami^co 
building, is situated at Besidens PLi in 
the beautifully laid -out groundifi, mili- 
tary concert-s are given to wini'h the 
public are admitted. The Altes tieblo^s, 
erected in 14ri4 and rebuilt in lloti, ia 
near the centre of the town &nd is well 
worth visiting. Before it, there Is m 
bronze Statue of HaximiliaB. 

In front of the GymnHsium, there is 
a statue to Jeam Panl Bichterf who rlied 
here in 1^*35, and wi'ose grave, tn^ethez 
with those of Frsns Liszt HHf^U) tm^ 
Dnke Alexander of Wfirtemberg, will be 
found in the cemetery in Srlunger St.. 

40: From MUNICH, via LANDSHyr, 

RATIS80N and HOF, to LEIPSIC 

(see route 9) or vice-vena- 

liANDSHVT (POP.: 24,000. — HOT.I 
Kronprinz) lying on the Iser, poBaessei 
some interesting buildings e. g.: — The 
Sehloss, with handsome rooms. Opposite 
stands the Bathans, a thoroughly rauo- 
vated Gothic building. One of its several 
fine apartments is embellished with bf^un- 
tiful frescoes. In front of the Rh^aus 
stands a bronze statue of Maximilinnll 
Other monuments are those to Duke Lud- 
wig the Bich and to the War of iSlOfii , 
St. Martin's Chureb, an ediflce of the 
IStb cent with a tower (425 feet bigh^ 
a fine altar and stained-glass. 

RATISBON. 

POPULATION: 46,000. 

HOTEL: ClrQaer Kranz, IstclaAB, wftb 
all modem comfort, patronised by ri^yalty 
and best American society, an to- 1^]) rage. 

CABS: Within town, ^4 bour, 50 pf;; 
pair-horse, double fares; to Walballa^ 
and back, pair-horse, 10 mks, 

POST OFFICE: Dom PI. 

BATISBON (Begensburg) is an an- 
cient city situated on the Denube at 
the confluence of the Begen. 

The town, which, like moat others in 
the district, dates back to Bomaia times, 
contains many ancient and bea,ntiful 
buildings. The principal are the fo k low- 
ing, namely:— 

The Cathedral — not far from the head 
of the stone-bridge — is a Qotbic ediBQe^ 
with an interior resembling thtit of Stras- 
burg Minster. The erection of the mriin 
building occupied over SSOyearfl (liJ75 — 
1684); while the towers remained inr-^,- 
plate till 1860. The western facade b s 
splendid porch with a curious tliree'e] 1 
vestibule. The choir has been kept so 
what plain; but the number of nnc t 
tombs, the altars &c render the iii'^ r 
interesting. Behind the cathedral 

St. Ulrletasklrehe, a I8th oeat i 
ture containing a museum of Boi a 
and prehistoric antiquities. Weetv- ■ 
of the cathedral stands the 

Rathaus, whose beautiful w^ i 



Begensburfl (Ratisbon). jca 



^itiiiiiimiHiiiiiiiH' 



Hotel Grtiner Kranz. 



.iHiHiMlii***mMHHiHIMllilimHittiHt«HtHlliHMiTHtillHimH»IHllTlfnTin 



FIRST-CLASS Family-House near the Cathedral 
Electric Light. Steam Heating* 

Omnibus meets trains. Carriages to the Walhalla. 



Well furnished. 

Baths. 896S 

Auto-Garage. 



m^^^mni 



J. HOLFELDER, Prop. 



fafade dates back to the I4th cent, 
the remainder of the building having 
been erected between 1660 and 1721. 
It contains a Reichssaal, in which, 
during the i6th and 17th cent, the 
German Reichstag held its sessions: 
the walls of the apartment are hung 
with fine gobelins; while the other 
rooms are also interesting. Still 
further W., between Arnulf PI. and 
Bismarck PI., stands the Theatre. 
In the latter square, near . Jacob's 
Thor, will be found the so • called 
SchoUenkirche, a i2th cent. Roman- 
esque basilica: it possesses a cele- 
brated porch embellished with the gro- 
tesque stone-carvings so characteristic 
of this style of architecture, but here, 
in a highly developed form. Hard 
by are the churches of iS^. Dominic 
and Holy Trinity, In the S. of the 
town, not far from the station, is the 
monastery of St Emmeram, one of 
the oldest in Germany and containing 
a large number of relics, carvings and 
tombs. Adjoining it is the palace of 
the Princes of Thum and Taxis. A 
little to the N. B. is an I Ith cent, 
h— Mica church called Obermiinster, 
4 aining tombs and frescoes. Quite 
< 3 to the station^ and in the gardens 
di replace the old fortifications, 
e is a 1 3th cent, column called the 
ligersaule. The city contains an 
)st inexhaustible number of sights: 
for lovers of the purely beautiful, 
t from historical associations, the 
, ^«!St attraction is the 

jHALLA. Am its name impliea, 



it is intended as the "Tempel Dentseher 
Ehren'*; although, traly, the title is a 
misnomer, since the Walhalla is rather 
Scandinavian than German. MoreoTer,the 
style of the buildinff, however handsome, 
is scarcely adaptea for the purpose for 
which it was designed: it is, namely, a 
most exact imitation of the Parthenon, 
with a symbolio representation of Her- 
mann's Schlaoht (or. Detmold route 10) 
by Sohwanthaler. The interior is even 
finer than the exterior, and contains a 
large number of statnes and busts of 
celebrated Germans, among them six 
prodii(*tion8 of Ranch's. 

KELHEIM (POP.t i,O0a — HOT.: 
Ehrenttaaller) is a favourite excursion 
spot with ancient walls and towers. The 
surrounding countrv is extremely pictur- 
esque. On the neighbouring Michaels- 
berg stands the Befreiungshalle. This is 
a handsome and remarkable strnctore 
commemorating the Battle ot Leipsic 
(see route 10). Begun under Ludwig I., 
it was opened on the ISth Oct 1868, the 
jubilee day of the great battle. This 
date has been taken as the typical 
number in many points of the bnilaing, 
such as the 18 Teutonic ▼irgins borne 
by the enormous buttresses that sur* 
round the temple. 

HOF (POP. I S8,000. — H0TBL8:. 
Kaiserbof ; Wittelsbaehl is an important 
junction on the line* of rail liunich- 
Ratisbon and Leipsic, with branches to 
Steben, and Bger. The town is a well- 
bmlt plaoe on the Saale, possessing a 
few interesting buildings, sueh as the 
Battaau (a much modified IQ^ eent. 
structure), and St. Mietasel's Ckareh, 
built at the close of the 13»^ cent, but 
with numerous subsequent additions. 

41: From MUNICH to tho 
BAVARIAN HIGHLANDS. 

Bav. HighL L: From MUaiOH to KOOHCL 
and WALCHEN SEE. 

KOCHEL (ABBITALt State railway 
via TutBing. — HOTELS : Blrem ; Stager's; 
Abemthmm) is the terminus ol the rail- 



860 



way, and is visited for tlie sake of its 
pxtensive lake, tbroTigh which the 
Loisach flows. From Kochel, a road 
runs via Kesselbersr Pass (2,827 ft.) and 
by Ke^selbach FhIIs to 

WAIiCHENSEE. — ARRIVAL: By 
post-coaoh from KocheL — HOT.: Post. 
- ALT. ; 2,619 ft. — This is a village 
situated on a magnifioent sheet of water 
and sarrounded by fine, wooded heights. 
Opposite the village stand Klosterl's 
Church and parsonage. 

The road from Kochel via Walchen- 
see to Mittenwaid and Qarmisch (see 
Bav. Highl. II) is now traversed by a 
line of motor>cars. 

A favourite excursion from Walchen- 
see is to Herxogstand 9 along :an ex- 
cellent road in B hours on foot. ; 

Bav. Highl. II: Fom MUNICH via 
STARNBERG (Lal(e Starnberg), to AMMERSEE, 

MURNAU, PaRTENKIRCHEN 

and QARMISCH (Zugspitze &o.]; and from 

PARTENKiRCHEN via MiTTENWALD 

to 2IRL and INNSBRUCK (see route 55). 

STARNBERG. 

HOTEL: Bayeriioher Hof. 

STARNBERG is a well-built resort 
at the northern end of the lake of the 
same name, and is much frequented 
by tourists and others. It possesses 
a handsome bathing and swimming 
institute, whence a 15 minutes' walk 
through a beautiful avenue of lime- 
trees brings us to Prinz Karl's Palace, 
on an elevation affording, an incom- 
parable view of the lake with its sur- 
rounding mountains and mansions. 

One of the favourite excursions is to 

Schloss Ber^ on the eastern bank, 
where a Romanesque chapel has been 
built in memory of King Ludwig II. — 
drowned in the lake ou the l3t>> June 
18S6. Close to the chapel a memorial 
column marks the spot where the terrible 
tragedy occurred. 

Bence either through the park ^20 min.) 
or by boat to Leoni. Here, there is a 
cable-railway to Rottmannshohe with 
famous Sanatorium. Ten minutes distant 
from the terminus stands a Bismarck 
Tower commanding a fine panorama. 
Next comes Aaimerlandy the seat of 
Count V. Pocoi 

Beyond it the footwajr through the 
woods that skirt the lake is very agree- 
able, the mountains becoming more and 
more prominent as we approach. 

Ambaehy whence pretty trips may be 
undertaken. 

At the extreme S. of the lake lies 
Seeshaapt, a dainty village and one 
which aiSfords beaatiful views of the lake 



and higiilanda, and is alsd & c Autre 
whence visits may be paid to Ko«3bels^c 
and other spots. 

The steamer returns along the westei 1 , 
shore of the lake, calling ai Bemried 
celebrated for its park — and proceed- 
ing thence past Karpfenwmkel lo 

TatEingy a place of oonsiderable im- 
portance, consisting of manslDruB, ^illnfi 
and hotels clustered round the old village 
which forms its core: Ilka- H4he here i^ 
renowned for the view It commands. 

From Tutzing it is aiJvlflnble to follow 
the shore-road past Rose Ule to 

Feldaflng (a beautifully situated vjl- 
laae overlooking the Uki») and thence 
proceed past »he castle -park <ir bettei 
via Wolfsschlucht to PoAscnboffn* 

From Starnberg station, the rail- 
road skirts the western shore of the 
lake. A short distance beyond Tutaing 
a branch line runs to 

WElIiHEIM (Post Hat.), a little 
town situated on the Biver Amoqer and 
near the fens that lie to ihe B. ot 

liake Ammer {Ammersee) , which . 
though not so beautiful ai Liike Starn- 
berg, is a fine sheet of water ^^U miles 
long and */6 loaiXe broad. The trip may be 
made from Starnberg on tbnt, aa the roa J 
to Miihlfeld is not more than 2^\ miles 
and that to Vorderfiscben 2,* ft miles* 

By visiting Weilheiaij however, Dnei 
has the opportunity of procepdiug by it 
branch line of rail to UnierpelsaeiiberE, 
the station for BAD S1}L2» a spa beauti- 
fully situated at the toot of 

Holie Pelssenberi^^ whose isolated 
summit (8,246 feet) commands at> in- 
comparable view of the Bavarian Alps 

The main line from Weilheim ruxi'; 
southwards to 

Murnau (Stablbad A Kurfaftas StalleU 
8ee)f a station at the S E, end of Lakti 
Staffel and about a mile tliataiit frpni 
the market-town of the same n»me. 
The place is well situated (&ee n^Kt 
route) and the view of the surround inf; 
country is very beautiful. 

PARTENKIRCHEN, 

POP.: 2,300. — ALT.: 2,a6* ft, 
HOTELS: Hotel -Peas Ion Gifaion and 

dependance with couneoting w »r 

garden on an elevation c'cimmiinEUnt i} 
viewB, is a thoroughly mod<>m atruc -n 

with lounge, billiard-rf^om &c,, p? it 
cuisine; Belle Tne, l^tclas^ 

PARTENKIRCHEN is a mart n 

well-known, not only for its proi y 

to the Zugspitze and the Wetter 1, 

but also for its invigorating cli ?. 

It has therefore become a fa^ ;c 

abode in summer, beloved hu * s 



860 



r 



HOTEL-PENSION GIBSON. 



oPARTENKIRCHEN.o 



3784 



:: :: :: :: Elevated situation on hillside. :: :: :: :: 
First-Class establishment with all modern comfort 
:: Suites of rooms with baths, :: 
steam-heating and porcelain stoves. 
Billiard and Reading Rooms, Salons, separate 
tables in Dining-Halt. Pension from Mks. 6 to 
Mks. 10. - Summer and Winter season. 



as well as by those in want of rest 
and recreation. 

Indeed, it is a nice, romantic retreat 
at any period of the year, both the 
faculty and the public agreeing upon 
the admirable and healthy situation 
of the place. Free from dust and 
bacteria, it offers delightful oppor- 
tunities for walks on good and hilly 
roads. 

The greatest attraction for the tourist 
is, of course, the Zngspitze, the higbest 
summit in the German Alps. It hns a 
lieight of 0711 feet. A guide shouM be 
taken (17 mks.), as the way is a diiilcult 
one, especiftlly for persons liable to 
giddiness. The delightful and erand 
panorama that presents itself well re- 
pays the trouble caused by the two 
days' climb req ired for its ascent. 

Near Partenkirchen and, indeed, at 
a similar distance west of the railway 
station, there lies the growing resort of 

GARMISCH. 

HOTELS: Hussar, Istclnss; Park Hot. 
Alpenhof, l«t class; Hot«-Pon8. and Best. 
Blessersee, (see below); HoteNPension 
SODuenblehly l"* class. 

This ancient spot, though but little 

known prior to the year 1882, is 

rapidly becoming one of the most 

important summer- resorts of South 

Germany, the number of visitors now 

«.v^*AHing 7,000 annually. It is a pictur- 

little town with fine modern 

gs that alternate pleasantly 

4 quaint groups of old - world 

es. 

place occupies a delightful 
,vn in the valiey of the Loisach, 
e it opens out to receive the 
- h and the Kanker. The broad 



green valley, with its luscious meadows 
and fertile fields, lies at an elevation 
of 2,298 feet, and is surrounded by 
fine, wooded heights beyond which 
tower up the snowcapt tops of the 
Bavarian Alps. Noticeable among these 
last are Wettersteinwand d Dreithor- 
spitze to the left, and the beautiful 
Alpspitze tc5 the right, adjoining which 
appear the peaks of the Hollenlhal 
Range, the rugged Riffelwdnde and 
the precipitous Zugspitze, 

The Alpine climate is exceedingly 
beneficial, especially in cases of chronic 
catarrh, neurasthenia, heart - disease 
and the early stages of consumption. 
Garmisch is particularly recommended 
to persons who have undergone 
treatment at such spas as Kissingen, 
Carlsbad, Ems, Wiesbaden &c. 

A short distance to the S. of Garmisch 
and on the slopes of Biesser Kopf lies 
BIESSEH8EE, a mountain-resort whose 
hotel, Biessersee (open the whole year), 
stands in a fine o^en spot with a delight' 
tul frarden and a^ijoining forest. The view 
of the mountains and lake is superb; 
indeed, it is one of the most beautiful 
situations in the Histrii t. The cuisine of 
the hotel is excellent^ and there is ample 
opportunity for boatmg and fishing. 

EXCURSIONS: Garmisch is a centre 
for innumerable excursions and ascents, 
of which only the most celebrated can 
be mentioned here: — 

(1) PaTtnschklamm (IVs hours) is one 
of the finest ravines in Europe: it is a 
perfectly safe tour, and those who are 
not liable to giddiness should proceed 
right throui^h the g^ully. 

(2) Badersee (2,725 feet), with its oele- 
brated hotel and unique emerald-green 
water, its trout-fishing and wonderful 
mountain and sylvan soenery is one 



861 



QARMISCH (BAVARIAN HIGHLANDS) 

Hotel Pension and 
Restaurant Riessersee 

Prop.: Josef Buchwieser's W^e & SShne. 



First -class family house with 

all modern comfort. 
^ Open all the year round. ♦ 

WINTER SPORT. 3785 
Cold Lake-bathing 18<»~20* Reaumur. 



of tbe most attractive resorts in the 
whole district. 

(8; Eibsee (8,146 feet>, is a small bat 
charming lake on the borders of which 
stands a lar^e hotel: boats are to be 
had and there is a celebrated echo: 
while Frill eesee & Felix Bridge shoald 
not be missed. 

(4) ZagspUse, the highest mountain 
in Oermany and the most celebrated 
peak in the Bavarian Alps is sur- 
mounted by a meteorologioal station. 
(See Pnrtenkircben above.) 

(5) R5lleothslklaeim» one of the most 
beautiful ravines of the district. A stMge 
has been constructed along the whole 
length of the gully. 

From QARMISCH to HITTENWALD and thenoe 
to(a)WALCHENSEE&K0CHELSEE(6)toZIRL 

A fine drive by carriage, omnibus or 
motor-cars of the Lokalbahn Ges. 
along the new road which follows the 
right bank of the Kanker. The old 
one running for some distance along 
the hill-side to tbe left is steeper but 
commands finer views. 

BIITTENWAIiD (POP.: 1,900. — 
ALT.: 8.05}i feet. — HOTEL: Hotel Post, 

a celebrated house with two annexes, el eo- 
tric light, garden &o.) is a very ancient 
place still famous for its violinn, 
zithers and other stringed instruments, 
the manufacture of which forms the 
staple industry of the little town. 

It lies in the elevated valley of the 
Isar and at the foot of the stupendous 



Karwendel and the rugged Wettersteln. 
This fine situation, coupled with a mild 
ozoniferous and dustless atmosphere, 
has rendered it also a very favourite 
resort, not only of tourists but also 
of health • seekers. The place is 
especially suitable for persons suffer- 
ing from emphysema, bronchial catarrh, 
neurasthenia and general debility. It 
is also very suitable for tuberculosis 
in early but not in advanced stages, 
as well as for heart troubles not 
developed to organic disease. 

If ittenwald lies on a broad turnpike- 
road running north and south along the 
left bank of the Isar. Tbe motor-cars 
coming from Oarmisch proceed north- 
wards to Walchensee and KocheUee (see 
B Av. High. I). To the south the road runs 
past the Karwendel and across tbe 
Austrian boundary to the village uf ZIBL, 
picturesquely situated on the Inn. 

Bav. Highl. Ill: From HURNAU via BAD 
K0HL6RUB to AHMERQAU (Ettal, Oberau), 
8CHL0SS LINDERHOF, AMMERWALD, PLAN. 
SEE, REUTTE, FQSSEN, NEUSCHWANSTEIII 
and H0HENS0HWAN6AU or yico versa. 

For access to Human, see Bav. HighLIL 
The station is now a junction with a 
line going westwards to Kohlgrub and 
Ammergan. 

BA» KOHLGRUB (ALT.: 2,94.<) ft 
— HOTELS: Karhaas; Villa BelleTaej 
Bayerisctaes Alpentanaterlam) is the most 
elevated mineral bath in Germany. It 
is f>ituated some distance to the north 
of the Momle. 



BAVARIAN = 
= HIGHUNDS 



MITTENWALD 



Over 3,000 feet 
above sea -level 



HOTEL POST 



S7M 



□ FAMOUS HOUSE WITH TWO ANNEXES. C 

ELECTRIC LIGHT. D GARDEN. D FINE VIEW _ 

STOPPING -PLACE OF MOTOR-CAR. 



\ 



sea 



r 



▲n eleotrie nilw»y oonnectt Kohl- 
grab with 

QBERAHIIIERCIAIJ (HOT,: Wtttelt- 
$aclier Hof). — This famous village con- 
tains several inns, which, daring the 
height of the season, are grently over- 
filled. The oeJet rated FA8SI0N PLAT 
takes place here every ten years, and 
will, consequently, not be again pro- 
duced tiU 1»10. 

The new Theatre in which the re- 
nowned and much discussed represen- 
tations are performed is capable of 
seating over 4,000 spectators. 

The road from Oberammergau runs 
S.JBt. and soon divides, one road going 
leftwards to (a) Ettal & Oberau and the 
other rightwards to (h) Oraswang Valley. 

(a) ETTAIi (ALT.: 887 feet. ^ HOT.: 
Kloster-Gasthsns, modem comfort) is an 
ancient place consistiuff mainly of some 
20 'boarding-houses, a few good hotels 
and a fine Benedictine Abbey. This last 
was founded in 1830 but, having been 
destroyed by fire in 1744. was rebuilt 
in Bococo style of whioh it forms a 
splendid specimen. 

The little place is delightfully situ- 
ated amid lofty and well- wooded heights, 
and is an excellent mountain resort. 
Like its neighbour QraswAng, it possesses 
high-pressure water supply and more- 
over has omnibuses running twice daily 
to the stations of Oberammergau and 
Oberau, midway between which it lies. 

OBEBAU is a small station on 
the Munich- Parteckirch en line, which is 
convenient for visiting Sttal (see above), 
the road running through Q-iessenbacn 
and some fir e glens. 

(b) From Oberammergau (see above} a 
tramp of 2 hours or an hour's drive 
through the magnificent Graswang 
Valley brings us to 

SCHIiOSS lilNDEBHOF (Schloss 
Hotel), the first of the celebrated Royal 
C<> sties. It is a fine edifice in Bococo 
^tyle, designed by Dollmann. In every 
respect, the building shows the charac- 
teristics of the morarcb, Ludwig II., 
lor whom it was erected: the interior 
displayd a magnificence of ornament 
and a wealth of colour and gold which 
render it too ornate for the taste of 
many beholderii. 

Soon after leaving Linderhof we enter 
Ammerwald Thai, a lonesome vallesr 
ked by steep heights, the most notice- 
of which are the Hoohplatte to the 



right and the Kreiisspitse and Gl«ier- 
kdpfe to the lefL In P/s bra. we cross 
the Tyrolese boundary (near which is 
Ludwig II*s Hnndinghiltte), and in an- 
other hour reach 

Hotel Ammerwiild (!<,577 feetX newly 
built and very suitable as a centre of 
residence for visitinsr the beautiful spots 
of this famous district. It is 2>/4 hours 
from Linderhof and 8^/4 hrs. from Keu- 
scbwanstein, and possesses excellent 
modern accommodation, including 70 
beds and English sanitation. The pro- 
prietor also owns Hotel Brahersog Bemer 
at Obermais. 

A good winding road branches off 
here to Neuschwanstein — Fiissen (see 
below). Keeping, however, to the main 
road, we reach In JV4 hrs. the beautiftil 
■bores of the Tyrolese (Austrian) 

PliANSEB with the fine Btsbllsse- 
MCBt Plaasee Hotel (Forelle)y consisting 
of a hotel and two large & recently built 
villas. It bas 60 bedrooms well-appointed 
and mostly fitted with balconies.The other 
rooms, as well as the fittings, the cuisine 
and the attendanoe are in keeping with 
the rest. The best route is by rail to 
Qarmisch and thence by omnibus leav- 
ing Hotel Sonnenbichl twice daily. 

Plansee consists of two iheets of 
watisr called the larger and the smaller 
lakes. Both are the property of the 
above hotel and, top^ther with the outlet, 
are famous for their fine trout, char and 
"Benken**. Unlimited fishing and boating 
is enjoyed by guests of the hotel only. 

The lake is one of the loveliest of 
north Tyrol. It has a length of. b km., 
and is remarkable for its varied rolour- 
iug produced by the high diflfs (8,280 ft) 
and fir- woods by which it is enclosed. 
At its western end stands Hotel Seespltz, 
> whioh forms a convenient resting-place. 

Hair an hour further we pass the 
fine Staiben Falls and proceea to the 
Tyrolese (Austrian) 

BEVTTE. — HOTELS: TIroler Hof, 
an ex'-elleiTt house belonging to Mr. Anton 
Mtil • r, the prop, of Ho'el Seespits in 
Plansee and Hot. Orteusteiti in Meran; 
Bahnhof Hotel. — Reutte is a beau- 
tiful spot surrounded with fine Alpine 
heights. It is a market-town reachable 
by a branch line from Kempten which 
lies on the main line from Munich to 
Lindau (see routes 36 and 60). Reutte 



tansee jCotel 



Between Sohloss Linderhof & Sohloss Nen- 

•ohwansteln and 21/3 hrs. from Qarmisoh. 

Unique position on the 

beautiful Plan I^alte* 

--EVERY COMFORT-. 

Suitable for prolonged stay. Boarding- 

•^■^^■^^^^^^■~— "^ terms for 5 days and upwards. Free 

Carriages in all directions. — Circular gratis. Hsuss Slng^er. 



(FORELLE) 



3783 



IMnrHtlrnl Reutte hotel tirolermop, 
Aiivi mil ui piansee HOTEL seespitz, - - 

M e r a n HOTEL ORTENSTEIh. 

Admirably managed houses. — Cheap Boarding Arrangements. — Prospeetiu gratii. 
3782 Anton Milller, prop. 



is lighted by electricity and enjoys 
an exceptionally healthy climate. 

A charming road down the valley 
of the Lech leads across the boundary 
again to the beautifully situated Ba- 
varian town of 

FIJSSEN (POP.: 8,500. — HOTEL: 
Hotel Bayeriseher Uof-Posty late]., larere 
and leading house, carriages supplied), 
still possessing remnants of its old 
fortifications and retaining, in a re- 
markable degree, its mediaeval aspect. 
Its picturesque old Castle was erected 
at the opening of the 14 th century 
by the bishops of Augsburg, and was 
restored by Maximilian H. Beneath it 
rises the Church of St. Magnus (1701), 
^nd the Abbey of St. Mang, founded 
in 630. 

An excellent road (cf. Ammerwald, 
above) runs S.E. to 

SCHLOSS NEUSCHWANSTEIN. 
This won<ierfal edifice, the creation of 
King Ludwig II., towers in majestic 
beauty above the green woods beneath, 
and seems to grow, like an enormous 
cluster of crystals, ont of the rocky 
point in which the eminence terminates. 
In the construction of the building, 
the leading German artists of the day" 
were employed: such men as Hanschild, 
Aigner, Spiess, Munsch and Piloty have 
contributed to it the embodiment of their 
thought and skilJ; and, in its wonderful 
frescoes, the lover of German literature 
will be delighted to find represented the 
legends of Lohengrin, Parzival, Tristan 
and Jsoldfl &c. 

Some distance below stands 

SCflLOSS HOHENSCHWANGAU which 
was the residence of the Queen of 
Bavaria until her death. Its creator 
was Maximilian II.; and, its style calls 



ip recollections of the ancient days 
f the Guelphs, Hohenstaufens and 



Wittelsbachers. It contains a number 
of beautiful frescoes painted by the 
hand of Schwanthaler, Horitz von 
Schwind, Rubens and others. 

Beneath the oa»tle Hcb the vilUfie of 
HOHENSCHWANGAr (Hot. Alpes- 
rose, beautifully sitUHted on ALp LakciK 
comfortable villa building with batb" 
house), at the foot of a woodefl height, 
and at the east<)m comer of the lovely 
blue -green Alpsee, a lake surronndeKl 
with dense and sombre woodn, 

Bav. High. IT: From ■UNICH ifla HOU- 
KIRCHEN to 8CHLIER$EE anif BAD tOlZ. 

HOIiZKIRCHEN (HOTELS: Post; 
Oberbrau) is an import ant junctioi] 
whence three lines of rail radlat«>. nn^ 
to Rosenheim and the Inn Viiiley Ratf- 
way, another to Schlierse*, and a thir^l 
to Schaftlach and Tola, the form or 
s»ation being the junction £qc Gmund 
(Tegernsee. — see Bav. HiKh. V)> 

SCHLIERSEE. 

POP.: 800. — ALT.: 2,553 feet, 
HOTEL: Seehans. 

SCHLIERSEE, lying in a charming 
spot at the northeast end of the lake of 
the same name, forms a favourite resort 
of tourists, who flock hither in summer 
to witness the theatrical performanccii 
at Hotel Seehaus. These take place at 
7 p.m. on Saturdays, Sundays nnd holi- 
days in the celebrated Peasant Theatre, 
which stands in the grounds of the 
hotel, and is under the management 
of the court actor Conrad Drelier. 

The village contains nii inerous quaint 
houses and an old church with valuable 
paintings, one of them bearing the date 
1494 and ascribed to Lucas ICrai 
In the vicinity, there are some fine vi , 



"*^ FUSSEN (Bavarian Castles) 

Hotel Bayerischer Hof — Po* 



VCHY FIHST-CLASS, RENOVATED. 
1 1t 6lati earrlages to til partt. 

861 



LARGKSl & LEADING H0U5I 
Prop,: ARTHUR MA1ER, Post-M. 



y 



♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ jrODBAD TOliZ. ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

HOTEL KAISERHOF. 

Prop.: J. K. HESSTHALEB, 8888 

Vonawly Maaaffiiir of HOTKL BAI^TOIi, Viaumi 



FIRST CLASS, 

OPPOSITE 

BATHS 

AND PAVILION 
GROUNDS. 



the best being that fronr. Weinberg' 
kapelle; while the neighbouring 

EXCUBSIONS are very fine: (l)a^ong 
the PrI eeste Wey to Tef erasee (nee Bay. 
High. V*); (2) al'>Dg the eastern shore of 
the lake to FischhHusen and thenoe 
direct south to Falepp ; (8) a short distance 
beyond Fi:»obhHnten, a road to the left 
lends to Bayrlseh-Zell and WemdelstelBy 
a fine height <6,Q28 feet). 

BAD TOLZ. 

ARBITAL: Per rail fromHiinioh(lVsh.) 

POPULATION: 4.000. 

HOTRLS; Kataerhof, U* class, facinir 
baths and pavilion grounds; Hotel and 
Tillas Sedlmalr, well - known 1** class 
family house, comfortable, omnibus 
meets trains. 

BOABUING-HOirSE: Pens. Speager, 
l«t class, with lazge garden, excellent 
cooking, open the whole year. 

TOLZ is a wealthy and important 
market town charmingly situated on the 
right bank of the Iser. The buildings, 
quaint and curiously painted, cluster 
close together, at the foot of a hill, 
those in the broad and steep Markt St. 
being particularly interesting. A fine 
bridge spans the Iser and gives access 
to the spa, properly called 

Bad Krankenheil, a resort of great 
repute on account of its fine situation, 
salubrious climate and health-giving 
springs. 

The place has an altitude of 2,201 

feet, and the broad valley in which 

it lies is encircled with fine mountain 

peaks, those in the distance rising 

to a height of 7,000 ft.; while woods 

great beauty and extent surround 

group of hotels and villas which 

pose the resort. 



The climate is bracing in character, 
the mean temperature during the season 
from Muy 1 5th— Oct. ist being 16^0. 

Fiye springs are in use. They con- 
tain iodides, chlorides and sulphides of 
sodium &c. and are specially famous for 
the first-named salts, the spa, indeed, 
owing them its name of Jodhad Tolz. 

The waters are employed medicin- 
ally and for bathing, mother-lye being 
sometimes added. 

Scrofula, affections of the skin and 
glands, catarrh of all kinds, female 
complaints &e. are the principal dis- 
eases treated. 

The number of visitors is very 
great, Krankenheil holding, in this 
respect, the third position among the 
spas of Bavaria. 

Among other pastimes, it may be 
mentioned that concerts are frequent- 
ly given, and that lawn-tennis and 
good fishing are to be had. 

The vicinity of the Iser and the 
lakes offers admirable opportunity for 
boating:. 

KXrUBSIONS: To Walehensee and 
Koebelsee, either up the valley of the 
Iser and its tiibatary the Jachen, or by 
Krankenheil Boad westwards to Bichl 
and thence southwards past Bied. 

Bav.High.y: From HUNICH via TESERNSEE 

to WILDBAO KREUTH. 
ACHEiSEE and INNSBRUCK (see Route 551. 

TEGERNSEE. 

POP.: 1,0< 9. - ALT.: 2.408 feet 
YIHIT0B8: 15,000 annually. 
ABBfVAL: From Munich Ihr. 53min. 
flOTKLS (lit class): Steinmets, renown- 
ed hou^e.open all the year, winter-sportS; 



r 



JAD TOLZ. 



Hotel & Villas Sedlmalr. 



Own 



Pirst-class family house of old-established fame, 
large park. Every type of bath. 
BoardHmg ar^fingemmnu, Omnibut meets frmin§, 
1 9Bft8 WUh. Schwitaer, Prop. 



Gair^eiiiot; Serbeii; Pott; tcgemfee'r 
Hof; Bahohotel. 

Gasthans am Aljiaeh. 

CAFES: Caf< am See, lari^e selection 
of newspapprs; Caf< A Conditorei Heit- 
ueier; Caflg * Conditorei ByBam. 

TEGERNSEE, once a famous 
Benedictine monastery, is now a well- 
known climatic resort bituated at a 
great elevation among the Alps of 
Upper Bavaria, and on the borders 
of the lake which bears its, name. 
This beautiful sheet of water, with 
a length of 5.7 km. and a breadth of 
2 km., is fed by numerous small becks 
and has its effluence at MangfalL 
Enclosed to the north, the east and 
the west by green meadows and 
wooded heights and to the south by 
mountains of considerable elevation, 
it unites a soft rural beauty with the 
grandeur of an alpine landscape, and is 
justly considered to be one of the love- 
liest spots in the Bavarian Highlands 
and one that will well bear comparison 
with the most celebrated lakes of 
Switzerland. Anyone who, having left 
the woods on the height above Gmund. 
sees the lake for the first time spread 
out before him in all its beauty, will 
reaJily admit the justness of this claim. 

Owing to its charming location, 
Tegernsee has become a much fre- 
quented health-resort, and counts 
among its visitors persons of the 
highest rank. The old monastery is 
now the residence of H. R. H. Duke 
CarlTheodor the famous philanthropist 
and oculist. A few years since, the 
German Empress stayed here for a 
long time with her children and 
repeatedly expressed herself in the 
warmest terms of the resort and its 
surroundings. In the year 1905 the 
Oerman Crown Prince and his consort 
spent three weeks here. Her highness 



the Duchess Marie of Saie-Coburg- 
Gotha resides here every summer at 
her castle named Seng er^ch loss where 
she is visited by her Russian , Eng f ish and 
Roumanian relatives. Morqovcr.Tegern* 
see is the seat of numerous members 
of German and foreign aristocracy. 

The place is admirably managed, and 
great care and attention are paid to its 
sanitation. On the borders of the lake 
there are excellent ist and Liini da^^s 
hotels, beautiful cafes and conditorcis 
with a large selection of newspapers; 
these and comfortable private lojgings 
enhance the agreeableness of Che resort. 

Tegernsee possesses no peculiar 
curative remedies; but its two admir- 
ably appointed bathing establishments 
offer ample opportunity, not only for 
lake-bathing, but also for hydropathic 
treatment. In the baths, use is made 
of pine-needles, mother- lye, sodium 
chloride, sulphur & mud. At Schwaig* 
hof, 15 min. distant, there is a special 
sulphur bath for chronic diseases of 
the skin and joints. 

Owing to its mild mountain- climate, 
its pure, bracing atmosphere^ its de- 
lightful woods and its refre&hmg lake, 
Tegernsee is a resort of the first 
rank, which is particularly suitabk^ for 
convalescents and for po^t-trealment 
after visiting Carlsbad, Kissing en &c. 
Tegernsee is, on account of its 
'*terrains", one of the leading resorts 
of the Bavarian Alps for all kinds of 
winter sports and games. Hotels and 
private apartments are well-arranged 
for summer and winter season. Direct 
trains from Munich to Tegernsee, 

For information as to aparlments &c. 
apply to the Verschonerungsverein 
Tegernsee. 

Beyond Tegernsee, the road, r 
skirtiog the shore (see ahD7e\ Ttina 



mrg- \ 



TBGBRNSBB (Si^oli^Sis^ C 



j Xotel Steinmetz. 

3791 New Prop.: L HOfLE. i 



FIRST-CLASS HOUSE 01 
OLD STANDING. 
-WINTER SPORTS - 
OPEN 

ALL THE YEAR ROUNE 



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pinst the Carl Stieler monument, to the 
villa{):e of Bottach at the extreme S.E. 
corner of the lake, and at the month of 
the Rottach. The road npatreatn to the 
left leads to the Bottaoh Falls; while 
the main road continues southwards 
through the village, turns sharply to 
the rights and strikes into the beau- 
tiful Weissaoh Valley, enclosed by lofty 
and wooded heights. Passing the pretty 
village ot Krentli, we leave the main road, 
recross the turbulent Weissaoh and, in 
half an hour, find ourselves in 

WIIiDBAD UKEVTII. — ALT.: 
2.780 It. — ABBITAL: By the Miinchen 
TdlzerBatlway to Scbaftlach and, thence, 
by branch line via Gmund to TegeruHee 
(diligence). — HOTEL: Korhaus idth 
.D^pendanee. — - KDBTAXE: ^rom June 
16th to Septemher loth, go pf. per day. — 
WILOBAD KRKUTH, the property of 
Duke Karl Theo or of Bavaria, has been 
long known for its sulphur springs. 
Originally a monastery founded in 754, 
its waters and fine situation have 
gradually raised it to a leading position 
among tbe spas of Soutbem Germany. 

The plateau upon which it lies is 
surrounded with forests and mountains. 
To the S. rise the rugged peaks ot the 
Blauberg; to the S.W. the view is shut- 
in by the Qernber^: north-westwards 
glitters the Ross Stein, flanked by the 
steep and verdant pastures ot the Giiin- 
eck; while, to tbe E., rises the forest- 
crowned Hoblenstein. Towards the W. 
and the N., the view opens out, and re- 
veals tbe valley of the Weissaoh winding 
northwar<ls to LakH Tegern. 

EXCUBSIONS: To Marienmhey com- 
manding a charming prospect called 
StepliHUsblick; hence a walk of •/4 hr. 
to UohleDsteln Alp. To Sicben Hiiliien, 
IVolfssehlacht (two sti iking gorges), to 
Bottach Falls. 

At Wildbad Kreuth, the road turns 
westwards and follovrs the banks of the 
Weissaoh to Achen Pass (4,0f^H ft.) which 
forms here the boundary between Bavaria 
and Austria: beyond it, the way descends 
the valley of tbe Achen to the lake of 
the same name, and skirts its eastern 
shore to Mauraoh, whence a road runs 
westwards to Pertisaa^ the principal re- 
sort on the lake; while rhe main route 
proceeds to Jenbaeb. (See Austria.) 

412: From NUREMBERG 

via RATISBON (route 40) and 

STRAUBN^IG to PASSAU. 

STRAUBIKG. — POP.: 17,000. — 
HOTELS: Sehw^rser Adler; Post. 

STRxUBING ib a veiy ancient town 
situated on the Danube in an extensive 
and fertile plain, and possessing several 
noteworthy buiidinsrs. The oldest is 
said to be the €hareh of St. Peter, in 
Bomanes()ue style. Another church, 



fit* James% a late Gothic structure con- 
tains a quantity of 15th cent, stained- 
glass and a number of paintings aHoribed 
to Wohlgemuth. The old oastie and a 
high IHth cent, tower are also of interest. 

PASSAIJ. - POP.: 19,000. — HOT*: 
Bay rlscher Hof. -r- This is an ancient town, 
romantically situated on a long tongue 
of land at the confluence ot the Inn and 
the Ilz with the Danube and surrounded 
with fine heights. Its most important 
buildings are the following, namely:— 

The Cathedral, the date of whose 
foundation is unknown: but, in the 
15<h oent., it was rebuilt in Gothic style. 
This building was destroyed by fire in 
the 17th cent and replaced by a Baroooo 
edifice, which is one of the finest spe- 
cimens of its kind, and contains several 
beautiful chapels and an excellent organ. 
On the square in front of it, there is a 
statue of Maximilian Joseph I A short 
distance from here is the Church of 8t. 
Paal; while at Rindermarkt is Johannes 
Splttelkiichey containing^ a quantity of 
wood-carving and a number of tomhs. 
Other interesting churches are that of 
the Holy Ghost, in Heiligegeist Gasse, 
and that of St. Salvatore, near the 
'Tunnel* (15ii^ cent.). The Batfaaus at the 
FiPchmarkt has been recently restored. 

The city is connected with Innstadt 
bv Ludwig*s Br oke: another bridge — 
Maximilian Briioke — leads a<-ros8 the 
Danube to Anger; while a third join^ 
it with Nlederhaas and SalTatorkirehe. 
Olose to the last is tbe fortress of Ober- 
haoSf above which a belvedere affords an 
excellent view of the three rivers at}d 
the surrounding hills. 

43: From MUNICH via ROSENHEIM, 

PRIEN (Schloos Herrenchipmsee), 

REICHLNHALL and BERCHTESGADEN 

to SALZBURG (see Austria). 

ROSENHEIM (POP.: 15,000. — 
HOT.: Uentscher Kaiser), is situated at 
' he confluence of the Mangfall with'the 
Inn. Its railway-station is an impor- 
tant junction, whence lines radiate to 
Salzburg, Holzkirchen, Miihldorf &c. 

PHI EN (HOT. : Chiemsee), is a favour- 
ite Bummer-resort, whence a local rail- 
way runs to Stock (^ min.), the landings 
place of the steamers plying on 

CHIEMSEE, a fine lake oeleV. * ' 
for the unfinished palace called Hei 
chiemsee built by Ludwig IL on 
model of the Ch&teau at Versailles, 
is a magnificent building open d 
(9 a. m. — 5 p. m.) from May 1«* 
Oct. iS'li, and containing a hands 
stair -case and numerous apartmi 
sumptuously decorated. Of these 
most remarkable are:-^ the Salle 
Gardes, the Premiere Antichambr^ 



Hofkur-Anstalt "DIANABAD", Bad Reichenhall. 
1. Pneumatische Kuranstalt, i^& 

fa the world. Indications: Asthma — Emphysema — Bronchial Catarrh. 

2. InhalatOriUm, SaUne a Flr^il Inhalations. 3777 

3. Bade & Kaltwasserheifanstalt 



For pamphlet apply to the institute, j 



Salon de rOSil de BoDaf, the Chambre 
d0 Parade, and the Salle da Oonseil. 

BAD REICHENHALL. 

HOTELS: Knrbaas AebselmaDBstein, 

a leading bouse patronised by royalty, 
founded l^'iS, finA park of 4R0,(X0 sq. It., 
is kept tiioro< gbly np to date,— post, 
telegraph, telephone. 

kUBTAXE: 16 mks.; every addn 
member of family 5 mks.; children and 
servants 2 mks. 

REICHENHALL, with its saline 
springs, is doubtless the largest 
climatic health - resort in Germany ; 
the annual number of patients being 
about 11,000, while a similar number 
of visitors who do not take the 
waters are found here every year. 
The spa lies on the perfectly level 
floor of a valley among the Alps of 
Southern Bavaria, and at an elevation 
of over 1,500 feet. Dolomite moun- 
tains, rising to a height of between 
6,000 and 7,000 feet, enclose the 
plain, and render the climate of the 
spa mild but invigorating. 

The spa, which has a mean tempera- 
ture of 8'42*^C., is especially adapted for 
affections of the heart, throat and chest ; 
but patients of all kinds find relief here. 

The treatment which is of an ex- 
ceedmgly varied character, falls under 
.hrfte heads, namely: — Terrainkur; 



Bathing, Inhalation and Pneumatic 
Chambers; and Trinkkur. 

Hofknr Anstalt ^Dianabad' is an old 
and very extensive concern, situated in 
the centre of the spa and snrronnded 
by large and beautifal gronnds; it pos- 
sesses powerful machinery and is fitted 
with the latest sppliances, including 
pneumatic cabinets, inhalation room and 
bathing apparatus. 

Above the town rises the old Castle 
of Gmtteiistelii, while 1 he neighbouring 
heights afford opportunities for making 
charming excursions. 

Twenty trains are run daily between 
Reichenhall and Salzburg, and an 
interesting mountain-railway, with 12 
tra'ns dai'y. gives access to 

BERCHTESOADEN. - FOP. : 2,R45. 
HOTELS: Kellefue; Tier Jabresxeiton; 
Grand Hot.; Post. - BOAUDING HOUSE: 
Pens. Seheifler, wpll-furnisheil, comfort- 
able. — BERCHTESGADEN is a small 
town made celebrated by the patronage 
ot the Imperial Family, and containing 
a royal oh&teau and 'Stiftskircho* with 
some 12tb cenr. carving. From the royal 
villa, a fine prospect is obtained. The 
district is nob in fine srenery; and the 
place is much frequented as a summer 
and health resort. One of the most 
beautiful excursions is to the Loekstela 
(V2 br.), whence one obtains a splendid 
view of the Berohtesgad en Valley. But the 
great;, attraction of the neighbourhood 
is KONIGSEIS, a lake about 4 iriles in 
length and 1 mile iu breadth : it is con- 
sidered the loveliest lake in Qermany 
or Austria, and is celebrated for the 
beautiful deep-srreen rolour of its water. 



" BAD REICHENHALL 

urhaus Achselmannstein 

FIRST-CLASS IN SPLENDID PARK. 
Same management as HOTEL BAYERISCHER HOF, MUNICH. 



END OF SECTION OP GERMANY". 



24 



AUSTRIA-HUNGARY. 



AQstriA was originally a small dake- 
./A dom which ^rew out of that of 
Bavaria, at the close of the 12^1^ cent. 
Angmented hy the addition of Styria, 
it came under the rule of the House of 
Hapsburg, who raised it to the status 
of a kingdom towards the close of the 
14th cent. This dynastjr, under whose 
sceptre it has ever since remahied, 
won for the country, by con<4ueBt and 
marriage, a leading position among the 
European powers, Indeed, during the 
period when its monarchs were also 
Emperors of Germany, it was, perhaps, 
the mightiest state in Europe. ButL alter 
the reformation, a decline gradually set 
in, and. with the domination of Napoleon 
in 1H05, the existence of the old German 
Empire came to an end. In the follow- 
ing year, Franz XL adopted the title of 
Emperor of Austria (cf. Introduction to 
Germany). Till 18ti6, no change of im- 
portance took place; but then, during 
the great conflict with Prussia, it lost 
its Italian provinces of Lombardy and 
lice, a loss which, territorially, has 
e been compensated - for by the 
aisition of Bosnia and Heraegovina. 
these states, like most of the others 
sli go to make up the Empire, are 
r under the dominion of the reigning 
Deror and are quite independent in 
internal questions, 
he Em I ire is a limited monarchy 
1 a Beiehsrat (diet) ior the conduct 
A\ imperial matters, each individual 
» having a separate Laadtag for 



the conduct of home affairs. 'These 
states (some of which are styled king- 
doms, some of them duchies) are al- 
most as numerous a« the various races 
which form the population. The princi- 
pal of them are:— Upper and Lower 
Austria, Styria and Tyrol (all of them 
German), Bohemia lTdchechi8ch\Galicia, 
Moravia, Bosnia, Dalmatia and Hungary. 
The Jaat of these is by far the largest 
in point of extent and popalation, 
though, politically and commercially, 
the Kingdom of Austria is still the 
most important member of this many- 
tongued emnire. 

It should be o' early remembered 
that, in race, language and social 
interests, Hungary is quite distinct from 
Austria; and, German being by no 
means commonly known, a slight know- 
ledge of Magyar on the part of the 
traveller is not undesirable^ 

Weights and Measures: The decimal 
system is employed: (see Tables of 
Measures & Introduction to Germany). 

Honey t The decimal system is like- 
wise in use for the coinage; the standard 
is a Krone = 100 Heller. The coins are:— 
Goldx twenty Kronen -piece and ten 
Kronen - piece ; Silver : Kronen - piece. 
A Krone =■ 20 Cents U. S. currency 
(of. also Introduction to Germany and 
Table of Exchange). 

For matters relating to the postal 
and telegraph system, railways, pass- 
ports Ac. see Germany. 



871 



U* 



r 



PRAGUE HOTEL ERZHERZOG-STEPHAN 

■ I 1^^^^ %#■■ cifi/> I ni Afifi HFW IQ(U WPH7PLSPIAT7 



5182 I. CLASS. 



NEW 1904 



WENZELSPLATZ. 



I, 



The largest house and most frequented by Engl, and Americans: fitted up with everj 
comfort, needing no description. Low charges. 130 Rooms (fireproof). Coupons, 
Excurs. catered for. Close to G. P. O. 6 Min, from the depot. American ExpreiiB. 



44: From HAMBURG via BERLIN, 

DRESDEN & TETSCHEN, to PRAGUE, 

ZNAIM and VIENNA. 

TETSCHEN (POP. : 21,000. — HOT. : 
Vllrieh; Sllbemer Stern), where luggage 
is examined, is a pleasantly situated 
town overlooked by the fine oh&teau of 
Count Than. The sarroondins: country 
is hilly and interesting, the favourite 
excursions being to Oloriette ft Kaiser^ 
anssicht. Opposite Tetsohen lies 

BODENBACH (POP.: 10,000.— 
HOTELS: Frieser; 1Jmlanft),much visited 
by tourists lor the sake of the excursions 
and ascents in the neighbourhood, of 
which the finest is that of the Sehnee- 
berg (2,867 feet), the highest summit of 
the Bohemian sandstone range. 

AVSSIG (POP. : 40,000. — HOTELS: 
eoldepes SehifT; Engliseher Hof) is a 
busy town at the oocfluence of the 
Biela and the Elb, in the neighbour* 
hood of the coalfields, and containing 
numerouf factories. 



PRAGUE. 

POPULATION: 42^,000. 

HOTELS: Ersherxog-Stephan,Wenzels- 

platz, l«t class, central, near Gen. Post 
Office and railway station, lift &c., esta- 
blished above a century, but rebuilt by 
present proprietor, not being re-adapted 
but constructed as hotel, with electric 
light and steam -heating throughout; 
Monopoly facing Station, 2 min. from 
Graben (Corso) enlarged and refitted 
in 1907, every modern convenience; 
Blaner Stern; deSaxe; Sehwaries Boss ; 
Ooldener Enrel. 

CAFE: Continental, 17 Graben. 

CABS: Within the inner town and 
the suburbs Smichow, Earolinentbal, for 
one - horsed vehicle V4 hour, 80 heller, 
for two-horsed, 1 Krone 20 heller, V2 hour, 
one-horsed 1 Krone 20 heller, two-horsed 
2 Kronen. After 10 p. m. 50% extra. 
T<> and from Station, 60 heller for cabs 
and 1 Krone for fiacre, each bag &c. 
40 heller. 

LUGOAOK POSTERS (Posluha) 10 kg. 
40 h., exceeding 10 kg. 80 h. Suburban 
tariff Hbout double. 

TBAM W AYS: Within 6 stopping-places, 
12 heller; beyond that distance 20 h. 



BAN K : Bohmisehe Escompte VanV, 

39 Graben, highly recommended for all 
kinds of banking business 

U. S. CONS. : Urbain J. Ledonx, Esq^ 
1 Stadtpark. Office hours: 9 a.m. till 
I p. m. and 2 p. m. — 5 p. m. 

BATHS: Elisabeth Bath, SO BltBnbeth 
St.; and in the stream at Sophien InseL 
Stadtbad, Zizkov, fitted with modoifD 
conveniences. 

POST OFFICE: Heinrich's Gasse (Jin- 
dH"8k& ulice). 

THE 4 TEES: Bohemiam National Theatre 
Ferdinawdova trida), opera an«l co ■> ed j; 
K5ni8l. Dentsehes Landestheater, 0>^Bt 
Markt; Nenes Dentsehes Theater, Stadt- 
park; S tad titehes Theater, KOnigl.Wein- 
berse. 

INFOBMATIONi BShuiseher Ludpa- 
rerbaad fllr Fr<>nidenTerkeliTy Na Fri- 
kope 18, readily gives any information 
desired. 

PRAGUE is the capital of Bohemia, 
and is situated on the banks of the 
Moldau. The town is divided into Alt- 
stadt, Josefstadt, Neustadt, Wysehradj 
the old Kleinseite, the Hradschin, 
Holeschowitz Bubna and Liben. In 
the Bubna is the Expositions Palace. 
The old Raihaus and the MiUiary 
Hospital stand in the public grounds 
called Karl's Pi. In 1419, seven 
councillors were thrown ' out or the 
windows of the Rathaus and caught 
on the pikes of the soldiers be^ow. 
The Burg, the late Residence of the 
Kronprinz Archduke Rudolph, is on 
the Hradschin. Out of one of the 
windows of this castle Imperial 
Councillors were thrown a second 
time in 1618. 

At the Graben stand the fii 
premises of the Zemska Ban 
Wenzels PI. is the Museum ^. 
Kingdom of Bohemia, a new 
very handsome structure. The 
Gothic Rathaus (1848) has a ren 
able old astronomical clock (' 
with mechanical figures and 
cock. The Observatory 



372 



! 




9PRAGUE 1 



of the Kingdom of ^^ 

Bohemia. The fourth among I aJ 

Humboldt's beautiful, cities. \^^ 

Population, including suburbs, 

exceeds 500,ooo. — «:>— 



Rich in costly relics and works of art. 
Unrivalled situation. Chief sights:— 



5180 



/(af/sbrlfckei Hradsch/n, with its Royal Castle; St. l/itus' Cathedra/ 1 Belvedere g 
Strehov Chapter- house i Loretto Church, with treasury; 0/d Town Hall, Tetn 
Church; Old Jewish Cemetery, with old and new synagogues; Waldstein Palace &c. 

Numerous Museums, Picture Galleries, Libraries, a Record Office, 2 Uni- 
versities, 2 Technical Academies and various other Educational Institutes. 

PRAGUE is an admirable centre for visiting the interesting towns of Bohemia, 
e. g.:— Huitenberg, Barbara Church, Walscher Hof (formerly a royal castle), 
Steinernes Haus &c.; Jungbumlau, old castle now used as barracks; Jlifn, 
Waldstein Palace, Prachover Rocks; HoUn, St. Bartholo.new's Church, an im- 
portant industrial town; Honlggr&tz, Church of the Holy Ghost, battle-fields 
of 1866; Pi/sen, fine Diaconate Church, famous Biirgerliches Brauhaus, Skoda 
Works &c.; Tiber, founded by the Hussites, old fortifications; Turnau, Gate of 
the Bohemian Paradise; Pribram, Holy Hill, mines &c.; Pardubitt, famous race- 
course; Kladno, coal-mines, steel-works, Pfsek and Klattau, centres for excursions 
in the Bohemian Forest; Melnfk, famous vineyards; Mohenmaut, with historic 
uildings; Brandeis, Bechyh and Lochovic are summer resorts amid sjMvan 
irroundings; Pecek, with large industrial establishments. — To the castles 
Harlsteln, Purglltz and Trosky as well as the celebrated Bohemian spas- 

For information apply to the 

Bohmischen Landesverband fur Fremdenverkehr, 

Na PFikop6 13. 



878 



39 Graben « 



PRAGUE. 



Established 1863. 



BOHMISCHE ESCOMPTE.BANK. 

Branches in all leading towns of the Kingdom. 

5181 . CAPITAIi Kr. 12,000,000 

BESERTE FUNDS. . . Kr. 17,000,000 

Every sort of banking transactions, e. g. safe deposits, discounting, letters of credit &c. 



University Library are in the Clemen- 
tinum, formerly the Jesuit College. 
Two churches, two chapels, and severaK 
collections are also to be seen here. 

The Kreuzherrenkirche is an imi- 
tation of St Peter's at Rome. Near 
it is a monument to Charles IV. The 
yearly exhibition of pictures takes place 
in the new Rudolphinum, where are 
also to be found an Art Gallery, 
and the Conservatory of Music. The 
Cathedral of St Vitus was begun 
under Charles IV. in 1344. It has a large 
Gothic choir, and contains a consider- 
ablcnumberofmonuments;'but both the 
building and its contents suffered con- 
siderably during the siege of 1757. The 
most important points to observe in the 
interior are the large Ronig's Denkmal 
(King's Memorial) in the nave and a 
beautiful Renaissance railing by 
Schmidthamm/sr; furthermore, Wen- 
ceslas Chapel, decorated with Bohemian 
jewels, the Martin Chapel, with an altar 
of Carrara marble, and a picture of 
the half-mythical Nepomuk above it 
&c. The other chapels are also richly 
ornamented with carvings and frescoes. 

Near the Cathedral are St. George's 
Old Church, Loretto Chapel, Czernin 
Palace and the Archbishop*s Palace. 

Close to the station are Jose/ PI., 
from which most of the principal streets 
radiate. Celetnd ulice, Karlova ulice, 
Velki a Male ndmesti. At the be- 
ginning of Celetna ulice stands the 
Pulverthurm (PraSna brana) in late 
Gothic style {I5th cent.). To the N. 
of this rises the magnificent Reprd- 
sentaiiotts Stadihaus. 

Prague contains several fine bridges, 
including the new Moldau bridge 



(Kaiser Franzens Brucke) opened 
on June I4th 1901. Karl's Brucke, 
with sixteen arches, was partly, de- 
stroyed in 1890, but afterwards re- 
stored. On this bridge are to be seen 
30 statues of saints, partly from the 
lO^hcent, partly of later date. Between 
it and Kaiser Franzens Briicke is the 
Franzen*s Monument, a Gothic fountain 
with statue of Franz I, in the middle. 
On Bethlehem* s PL the dwelling of 
Huss (now Nos. 5 & 6) formerly stood. 

The largest open spot in Prague 
is Karfs PI. with a monument to the 
Tschechian poet, Viieslaw Halek, In 
Wyschrader St., the Emaus Cloister 
and the Marienkirche in Gothfc style, 
with interesting but damaged fres- 
coes representing scenes from the 
so-called Biblia Pauperum. 

A short distance north-east of 
Hradcany Square and adjoining the 
Royal Gardens, there is a spacious 
park called Krdlovskd Obora, Its 
Belvedere, erected in 1536 and com- 
manding extensive views of the city 
and its surroundings, forms one of 
the chief attractions of Prague. 

Other interesting public grounds 
are:— Bautngarten, ChoieJtsAnlaj^en, 
Stadt Park, Richer Park & Hav- 
licek Park with its artificial grottd. 

ZNAIM (POP.: 15.00a - HOTEL: 
Drei Kronen; Krenz) is beaatifally sita- 
ated and was once strongly fortified; 
bat the ramparts have been converted 
into pretty grounds. Its principal bai 
ings are the following: — 

The so-called Heideotempel, a 12tbo< 
structure in Bomanf sque style and 
taining some old frescoes. St. Nieho! 
Charchy in Utbcent Gothic and Wens. 
Chapel, in e>«rly* Gothic, stand near 4 
another. The Law Conrts and 
Golts'seke Hans are also noteworthy 



Arsenic Spa Levico-Teh^ioio {South Tyrol): 

874 



cor 



VIENNA. . 

POPULATION: 1.8i0,000. 

HOTELS: Grand Hotel, yery l>toU^8 
family heuBe with all modem comfort, 
weU-ttita>ite<i in Karnthaerna^ close to 
theatres AmiiBeams; Brietoly Kllmthner- 
ring:, !•> class, suites with baths, aato-ga- 
rHgtt &c., daily concerts, by own band at 
5 o'clock tea and daring dinner 8-1*2, — pa- 
tronisti't by higa-class Amerioan families; 
MeU«l A Sehadm, Itf K&rnthner St. and 2 
Neuer Markt, I'^dass, ez(*ellent oalsine; 
fvperlal, t>t class, patronised by royalty; 
Er^heisog Karl* l«t class; Krants; Dangl, 
new, e^ery modem comfort, centrally 
located, dose to Opera; Hotel Nordwest- 
baha, 74 Tabor St., close to S ation, 
60 well-appointed rooms, porter meets 
trains; Kroapriaif family honse in moat 
beantif al & aoimated spot, molern com* 
forts, moderate charges. 

BISTADBANTS: Hotel Melssl A Sebadm, 
excellent cuisine, beers on draught, wines 
from tlie wood; Sseher, 4 Augastin *r St.; 
Leidlager't ICachf. Kranz Hartmann, 
Kitrnthnerring, opposite Grand Hotel; 
Panl flSpfaer, R&rntbner St. 



QAVIfti de rimrope, 8 Stepban*s PI.; 
S^keldl, 1 Walfisch Qasse: HSpteer. 

CABsi: Within city, Vibr., one-homed, 
40 heller, two-horsed, i>0 heller. 

U. 8. A. EHBA88T: 11 Salesianergasie 
(Ambassador: Hon. Charles S. Francis). 
. U. 6. A. C01I8UL.: I^aitable Build- 
ing, 8 Stock im Eisen (Cfonsol General: 
Williaih A. Bublee. Bsq.). 

Blf6U8H CUUBCH: Babassj Ckapel, 
6 Metterhiohgasse, Bev. W. H. Heohler, 
Sun. 11 a«m.; 8 p. m. in Church Boom: 
H.C. midday l>t and 8*« Sun. 

PBK8B* CHUBCH 8BB.: Hell of Soc. 
of ArekiteetSy 9 Bsohenbach Gasse. 
Sept. — May, II «.m. Bev. T. Dayidson, 
M. A.. I Ebeftdoifer St 10. 

eiiH. post OFFICE: 10 Postgasse, 
Post Bestaate Dfflef, 19 Pleisohmarkt. 

THEATBE8: Opera, Hofb^rgt heater, 
(tragedy & comedy ; Deatsehes Volks- 
theater (modem comedy); Oarltbeater 
(burlesque) ; Theal^r a« der Wien (operetta 
and farce); Balmaad theater (tragedy 
& comedy); Josefitidtertheater (French 
comedy) ; Jablliaais theater ; Bttrger - 
theater (new). 

MU8IC HALLS: Bonaeher, Danger's 
Orpheasi, ColossevM, Apollotbeator. 



Vienna. 




AlB HOTIL. 

800 BOOMS. AmCBICAN STYLE. 



EXCUB8I0!(8: Th. Cook & Son arrange 
drives daily ia and around Vienna. 

CHOCOLATE: Stollwerek Bros. 
Chocolate Factory, Wuolesale & retail 
depot, 6 HEober Markt. 

FCBBIBB * TAILOB: Heiarloh erttn- 
baum, L Graben No. 26, is Court Pur- 
veyor and is highly recommended for 
furs and ladies^ garments. 

8. Uagar, I. 90 Kohlmarkt, Purveyor 
to the Imperial and Boyal court, branch 
house in Carlsbal and Berlin, is highly 
recommended for furs & ladies' garments. 

STEEL GOODS: J. A. Henekels of the 
famous "Twin Works** Solingen, has a 
large depot at 2i Kftrnthner St. The 
firm ia known throui^hout the world for 
its excellent manufactures. 



ounded about 2000 years ago by the 
lans, who ca led the place Vindobona. 
ma had, during the middle aires, to 
ter from the invasions of the Osmans 
3Se march of conquest wa? twice 
ellei at the walls of Vienna. In 1<^99, 
ban Soliman besteerei the city with 
000 Turks, and in the year 1683 
oWed a second siege by the Turks. 
> walls and fortifications which en- 



closed the old (inner) city have been 
removed during the last hundred years, 
and their site converted into the famous 
Bingstrasse. 

A hundred and fifty years ago the 
population of Vienna numbered about 
an eighth of a million only, and now, 
within its 20 districts, counts 1,800,000, 
thus ranking third among the cities 
of the Continent. Thanks to the 
extraordinary development in the last 
forty years, the number of foreigners 
visiting Vienna (at present more than 
half a million annually) is increasing 
year by year. The embellishment of 
Vienna has been carried on energeti- 
cally during the last twenty years 
and, combined with the improvement 
in the means of communication, 
renders Vienna one of the first cities 
of Europe. Owing to the magnificent 
position of the Kaiserstadt on the 
Danube and its charming surroundings. 



876 



as well as many other attractions, 
Vienna like every other great city, 
continually draws a large influx of 
visitors. In spite of the enormous 
development, the principal character- 
istic (the chief trait of character) is 
good nature and joviality. The whole 
life in Vienna bears the stamp of 
cordiality, which prevails in all social 
circks. The constant good humour 
and ever ready wit of the inhabitants 
enjoy a great reputation over the 



whole globe. In no other great city 
will the stranger feel at home in' so 
short a time as in Vienna; and no- 
where is access to the best society 
so readily to be found as in Vtenna. 
The people of Vienna are enthusiastic 
lovers of music and dancing. The 
musical character of Vienna, the town 
of songs, is acknowledged throi^gh- 
out the world. It would be difficult 
to convey an idea by means of words 
of the architectural beauties of Vienna* 



mmmmm 



TIENNA. 






3 



1191 



(^. 



I Karnthner Strasse No 16 
Neuer Markt 2. 

FIRST- CI^ASS HOUSE 
of long-standing reputation Excellent table. 

Johann Schadn. 



Indeed, it is rare to find in any great 
city so many fine structures contained 
in so relatively small a spa^e as here. 
In the inner city rises the St.Stephan*s 
Cathedral, a masterpiece of Gothic 
architecture. The steeple of St. 
Stephen's is looked upon as a land- 
mark of Vienna and forms the central 
point of the city. The Ringstrasse, 
5 kilometres long and 57 metres broad t 
Every educated European has heard 
it mentioned with the same respect 
with which the Champs Elyeess in Paris 



and the Newsky-Prospect in St. Peters- 
burg are spoken of; yet the impres- 
sion produced on the foreigner at 
sight of this broadest and most beau- 
tiful street in the world is over- 
whelming. Nearly all monume 
edifices are built along this str 
The Imperial Opera, built in the s 
of the French renaissance, is on( 
the first of the splendid buildingi 
the Rmgstrasse; two Museums, 
finest example of recent architect 
achievement; the Royal Palace 



876 



/ 




FaRIER 




ALIKIND 




TAILOR 
OF FURS 



IMPERIAL = 
,m SABlES 
ERFOXES: 
'LAMBS : 




TAILOR MADE 
DRESSES = 
MANTELS S 
EVENIIIGGItmiS 



5ES ScMflhTEflUX m. TR9(JSSEflUX r9lJRRURES 
IRLSB/ID • WIEN • BERLIN 



• WIESE ..EICHE 



IK0HLM/^RKT20. 

377 



U.D.LINDEM 66. 



n 



' " ■ » VIENNA I ■ " ' 

HOTEL DUNQL 

NEWLY OPENED. ALL MODERN COMFORT. 

Central lituation, one miiiute from the Opera. 

3566 j^, Dunci, prop. 



r- 



Parliament embellished with beautiful 
Greek sculptures, the City Hall, the 
University, the splendid Burg Theater 
and the Votivkirche, — a church built in 
Gothic style and occupying a wonder- 
ful site. Of the large parks the most 
remarkable and the best known is 
called the Prater with the Wurstel- 
prater (a kind of permanent fair); 
here many a glimmer of golden 
humour and hearty good nature 8till 
flits over the merry outbreaks of the 
people's soul — that traditional good 
nature which is fast vanishing in the 
worldly bustle of modern metropolises. 
A great many of the parks are well 
wooded and suggestive of the country, 
and the surrounding districts are 
magniiiceat indeed. The Royal Palace 
of Schonbrunn, with its charming, 
and extensive parks, contains a world- 
renowned Palm Garden and well- 
stocked Zoological Gardens. 

The environs of Vienna are celebrated 
for their beauty. No other European 
capital can be compared with that of 
Austria in the number and variety of 
ezcartiions to be found in its immediate 
vicinity. Mountain and forest, river 
and plain, the cultivated field and the 
wildly luxuriant hillside, the awe- 
inspiring magnificence of nature and 
the sweet and peaceful beauty that tells 
of patient, lonj; • continued human toil, 
— all lie at the gates of the Royal City 
on the Danube. It would be difficult, 
indeed, to find another spot where, 
within 80 small a circuit, such a rich 
variety of the loveliest and most im- 
pressive scenes delight the eye and 
fill the heart of the beholder suscept- 
.ble to the influences of nature in her 



sublimpr aspects. In summer-time^ the 
air everywiiere rings with the joyous 
voices of gay buman beings « seeking 
the many wooded declivitieB around 
Vienna to satis ty the love of nature 
innate in every Viennese. 

On Sundays, thousands are carried 
by the cos- wheel railway to the summit 
of the Kahlenberg, a popular resort of 
the Viennese. The magnificent view 
of Vienna obtained from this place is 
especially impressive when the lights 
of evening flash up in the town. A 
walk of only half an hour along shady 
woodland paths leads from Kahlenherg 
to Leopoldsberg with its glorious view 
of the Danube and the plain of the 
wide Marchteld. 

On the line of the Southern Bailway 
there is the ■ thousand-year-old city of 
Moedling — the entrance to the pictur- 
esque valley called the Hinterbruehl. 
Moedling lies in a wooded and sheltered 
region and is much in favour as a 
summer and' health resort owing to 
its wealth of historical reminiscences 
and modern spirit of enterprise, as well 
as to the picturesque beauty of its sur- 
roundings. ' 

From Moedling the tramway — the 
oldest electric road in Central-Europe 
— leads through a highly romantic 
ravine to the Bruehl, where stand 
Liechtenstein Castle, the dairy and 
picturesque ruins. Farther and farther 
the way stretches on between splendid 
villas to the Hinterbruehl, and thence 
into countless charming dales, every- 
where presenting resting-places to the 
wanderer. 

The Semmering is situated 1,000 
metres above the sea-level, and may 
be reached by railway from Vienna 
in little more than two hours. The 



- - All visitors to VIENNA are recommended 

HOTEL NORDWESTBAHN 

74 TAfiOR ST., adjacent to Nordwest Station and